Sprekelia flower - care: watering, transplanting, fertilizing. Types of sprekelia
Sprekelia, or Spreckelia (lat. Sprekelia) Is a small genus of the amaryllis family. It got its name in honor of the mayor of the city of Hamburg Spreckelsen, who in 1764 presented the bulb of an outlandish flower to Karl Linnaeus. Sprekelia comes from Mexico and Guatemala, where the Aztec Indians used it to decorate their festivals and celebrations. Therefore, it is often called the "Aztec lily". In Europe, where it was brought by Spanish sailors in 1593, it is also known as the "Templar lily".
Sprekelia - ornamental flowering plant, very similar to hippeastrum. Sprekelia bulb is round, with a long neck, up to 5 cm in diameter, almost black with red strokes. Leaves in the amount of 3-6 pieces are flat, linear, bluish or dark green, appear either together with the peduncle, or after flowering. They reach 45cm in length and 2cm in width. The peduncle is hollow, reddish, up to 30cm long. The flower, as a rule, is one, 8-10 cm long, three segments are bent downward, three segments are erect, folded at the base into a tube, in which there is a pistil surrounded by stamens.
Types of sprekelia
In indoor culture, two types of this plant are known: the most beautiful sprekelia (Sprekelia formosissima) and large-flowered sprekelia (Sprekelia grandiflora). Sprekelia the fairest has the following varieties: "Karwinskii", blooming with crimson flowers with a white outline; Orient Red, with red flowers with white stripes; "Peru", with dark red flowers. Sprekelia grandiflorum, bred by gardeners, produces, in contrast to the most beautiful sprekelia, several peduncles and is distinguished by larger red flowers (up to 15 cm in diameter), exuding a delicate vanilla aroma.
Sprekelia growing and care
Lighting sprekelia needs bright: up to four hours of bright sunlight in the morning or afternoon every day, so eastern, western and even southern windows are suitable for it. In the summer, it is advisable to take it out to the balcony or garden, protecting it from drafts and precipitation. Temperature in the summer (during the growing season) - 23 ° -27 ° С, during the dormant period (from November to March), when the leaves dry out, the bulb is taken out of the pot and stored in dry peat at a temperature of 12 ° -13 ° С. Air humidity does not really matter for sprekelia, but sometimes you can humidify the air around the plant from a spray bottle.
At the end of winter, the sprekelia bulb is planted in a pot and kept dry until the peduncle appears, only then they begin to water the plant, trying not to get water on the bulb. Watering sprekelia during the period of growth and flowering, it is necessary to carry out regularly, pouring warm, settled water into the pan until the entire earthen lump is saturated with moisture. In autumn, watering is gradually reduced, and at the end of October, they stop altogether. Sprekelia is fed liquid fertilizers for flowering plants once a week from the moment of peduncle formation to August inclusive.
If you do not set a goal for yourself to breed sprekelia, then transplant it can be done every three years. You can, in fact, not remove the bulb from the pot for the winter, watering it occasionally and symbolically. But when the time comes to transplant the sprekelia, take out the bulb, carefully cut off the daughter bulbs and sprinkle the cuts with charcoal powder. Choose a pot three centimeters larger than the diameter of the onion, place the drainage mass on the bottom of the pot, put a 1cm layer of sand under the bottom of the onion and burrow the bulb into the soil, leaving the neck on the surface. The soil should consist of turf, sand, humus and peat in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1.
Sprekelia multiplies not only with children, but also with seeds, but in this case, flowering will come in five years. Sprekelia is affected by scale insects and spider mites, which are fought by spraying the plant with a 15% actellic solution.
- Indoor Plants Information
Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Bulb flowers Amaryllidaceae
Indoor jasmine and caring for it
Indoor jasmine, a plant that combines all the virtues dear to the heart of an amateur florist. It is both beautiful and unpretentious, and most importantly - fragrant. The scent of jasmine is unique and unforgettable! It is mistakenly believed that this plant is an indoor variety of a large garden bush that grows in many garden and suburban areas. Painfully flowers and smell are similar. Only this is completely wrong. These bushes are not jasmine at all, but mock orange.
At home, mainly three types of indoor jasmine are grown - Sambac, Large-flowered and Holoflower... Sambac aka Arabian (sometimes "Indian") jasmine has gained great popularity among flower growers, because it blooms all summer and autumn, until winter. And also, this is the same kind that is added to tea. Most often, this indoor flower is grown as an ampelous plant: in hanging pots, a cascade of stems falling down or braided around an arch. It is very easy and not burdensome to take care of indoor jasmine at home, which is very important for novice florists. Judge for yourself.
Different types of zephyranthes bloom at different times. So, if Zephyranthes large-flowered begins to bloom in May, and you can admire its flowers until July, then Snow-white Zephyranthes blooms later - in July - October. Some species shed their leaves in winter, while others do not. Depending on these features, the care will also differ.
All upstarts love the sun and good lighting during the period of active growth and flowering. Therefore, in the room, they need to be provided with the most lighted window. Southeast or southwest facing windows are best. In summer, plants feel great on the balcony.
In winter, flowers that have dropped their leaves should be removed to a dark and cool place. You do not need to water them. The earth is occasionally moistened so that the bulbs do not dry out. The room temperature should be low - about 14 ° C, at least 5 ° C. At lower temperatures, the plant may die. In the spring, when new leaves begin to appear, the plants are placed in the light and watering resumes.
If your species of marshmallow does not shed its leaves in winter, it should be kept in a bright and cool place. Watering in winter should not be frequent. In the spring they are increased, and in the summer the plant is watered often and abundantly. But at any time of the year, the soil in the pot should not dry out.
The best temperature for zephyranthes in summer is 20 - 25 ° C.
The upstart loves feeding very much and reacts well to them. During the period of growth and flowering, they must be carried out every 10 days. For top dressing, you can use a complete mineral fertilizer.
Zephyranthes loves high humidity, because he is a plant in the tropics. Therefore, its leaves should be periodically sprayed with water in the summer.
It is necessary to transplant upstart bulbs after the end of the dormant period. This is done annually.
Features and types of indoor flowers
Indoor flowers should be adapted for growing at home, match the color and style of the room. Flora representatives are subdivided into the following types:
- decorative blooming
- decorative deciduous
- decorative flowering pot
- succulents, etc.
The section of ornamental flowering plants includes exotic varieties and crops bred in mid-latitudes. This category includes annual and perennials, as well as bulbous. From these varieties, you can create temporary compositions, after flowering, acquire new species.
The subgroup of ornamental-deciduous plants includes small palms, ferns, climbing trees. These crops do not bloom, they are distinguished by spectacular foliage and graceful branches. In the interior, varieties can be used to create a backdrop for flowering species of houseplants.
The succulent category features unusual plants without branches and standard leaves. Many are covered with thorns, edging, etc. Common succulents include cacti.
Plants differ according to the rules of care for the following subspecies:
- drought resistant
- cold-resistant, etc.
It is necessary to compose compositions of indoor flowers taking into account these characteristics for long-term cultivation.
The bulbous species is in demand for growing at home. Plants are decorative, unpretentious in care, represented by a wide range of species that differ in shape and color. The universal bulbous crops are:
Vallota - the variety is a representative of the amaryllis, it is distinguished by elongated leaves, the flowers have a rich red, white or pale pink hue.
Eukomis - the variety has a spectacular rich green foliage, the surface of the leaves with a glossy sheen. During the flowering of eukomis, a long arrow appears with leaves at the end. The flowers of the variety are small, have a creamy color with a greenish tint and purple blotches. The buds open one by one. Eukomis is recommended to grow on southern windowsills.
Eucharis - the culture has a second name, the Amazonian lily. The bulbous form blooms with white buds that have a delicate aroma. The variety is often used for interior decoration, because even in the absence of flowering, the bush looks impressive.
Sprekelia is a plant culture similar to daylilies. The variety blooms with large buds that have a rich red color, the petals have a velvety texture. The blossoming flowers have the appearance of an orchid. The plant requires careful care, the introduction of special fertilizers, and soil renewal.
Clivia - the variety is a perennial, distinguished by the presence of flowers of a rich orange-red hue. The plant is placed in areas with good lighting and a stable temperature regime without drafts.
Indoor flower tips include daily grooming guidelines. In winter, it is necessary to ensure regular watering and air spraying in heated rooms. Cacti are not watered in winter to prevent damage to the plant. Flowering bushes, on the other hand, need regular watering as the soil dries up.
Azalea, cyperus and calamus require a well-hydrated soil. Dried leaves are recommended to be removed immediately. In spring, some plant species are fed with fertilizers. Varieties with velvety leaves are not sprayed to prevent damage. In winter, many bushes are in the growing season, so watering is reduced, and there is no need to feed the flowers.
Brief information about indoor plant
- Photo by Galina Polyakova
- Photo by Galina Polyakova
- Photo by Galina Polyakova
- Photo by Galina Polyakova
- Photo by Galina Polyakova
Types and varieties of sprekelia
The genus is represented by the only species originating from Mexico.
Sprekelia the most beautiful, or Sprekelia magnificent, Aztec lily, Templar lily (Sprekelia formossisima)
The flowers are red, velvety with a greenish center.
In the south, sprekelia can be grown in open ground, in Central Russia it is grown as a room culture.
For a pot with sprekelia, choose a bright and sunny location. At the beginning of growth, the plant is watered carefully, then moderately until the leaves dry out. During the rest period, do not water.
Sprekelia is transplanted every 3 years. The tops of the bulbs should rise above the soil level.
Reproduction of sprekelia
During transplantation with daughter baby bulbs in the spring.
Description of the amaryllidaceae family
The homeland of these plants is sultry southern Africa. The heat on the continent lasts up to 10 months a year, and a slight decrease in temperature can be traced only in August-September. this is the rainy season, the soil is abundantly saturated with moisture, the bulbs of the plants form flower buds.
@ hidako stock.adobe.com The flowers of the plant are often colored in different shades
Attention! Before purchasing a plant, you need to familiarize yourself with the conditions of its habitat in its natural environment. It is important to consider that for the normal maintenance of the culture of the house, the environment must be adapted as much as possible.
In just two months, the desert region changes its appearance and literally flourishes. Flowers of various shapes and colors appear on the massive greenery of the grasses. Amaryllidaceae at this moment stand out from the crowd, because their flowering is amazing. A thick stem emerges from the bulb, capable of reaching 60-80 cm in height, and there are buds at its end. Depending on the species and variety, their color can be varied: from white to pink, from red to burgundy.
The amaryllis family is considered extensive, it combines more than 70 genera of bulbous plants. South Africa is considered their historical homeland, but this does not prevent the culture from spreading throughout all continents. Some representatives of this group are able to survive in natural conditions (open ground) of a temperate climate. Not many people know that daffodils and snowdrops are striking specimens from this family. Despite this feature, the bulk is thermophilic crops that grow in the tropics or subtropics.
The list of plants successfully grown at home includes:
Plants are valued for the unusual structure of the inflorescence. They are endowed with a special appearance due to which they are able to fit into any interior. In the bulk of the representatives, the buds are collected in several pieces, but there are specimens with a single flowering.
@ spritnyuk stock.adobe.com Simple hippeastrum
It is worth noting that even experienced flower growers are able to confuse amaryllis with hippeastrum. they differ only in the structure of the root system. Flowering is similar, but different continents are the birthplace of plants. So, at the International Botanical Congress, it was decided to classify these crops, starting from their homeland. Amaryllis are found in South Africa, and hippeastrum in the South of America.
The following video will tell you how to distinguish between amaryllis and hippeastrum.
Next, we will consider in detail all the popular plants of the listed genera and provide useful tips for their care.
Reproduction of calceolaria
Calceolaria is propagated by seeds and cuttings.
Seed reproduction... When sown in March, the plants bloom in the fall, and when sown in June, the next spring. Further, the seeds can be sown until October for flowering in May.
Calceolaria seeds are very small, dusty, they are mixed with talcum powder, and then sown so that the planting density is visible. Professional seeds are often sold in pellets.
Seeds are sown on the surface of the soil, not covering, but only pressing down. Crops moisturize well and maintain constant moisture, preventing them from drying out. Shade from sunlight. Germinated under glass at a temperature of + 20 ... + 22 ° C. Seedlings usually appear in 14-16 days. After the appearance of the first pair of leaves, the plants dive into pots with a diameter of 8 cm, and the temperature is lowered to + 18 ° C. With the formation of a rosette of leaves, a second pick is carried out into pots with a diameter of 10-12 cm, and further cultivation is carried out at + 14 ... + 18 ° C.
Seeds of calceolaria whole-leaved require slightly different temperature conditions for seed germination. They are germinated at + 15 ° C for 14-16 days, and the seedlings are kept at + 10 ... + 15 ° C.
From sowing seeds to flowering calceolaria, it takes 8-10 months.
Cuttings... Calceolaria can be propagated by cuttings left over from pruning. The cuttings are rooted in a greenhouse at a temperature of + 17 ° C.