Gardenia jasmine - growing from seeds, plant features
I dreamed about this beauty for a long time - gardenia jasmine... But the prices for this flower in our stores scared me away. Already a large adult flower costs a lot, but it is said that specimens grown in a greenhouse practically do not survive at home. Affected by the difference in temperature and humidity levels. It is believed that adapted plants need to be purchased for the home. But they are not sold.
What a real amateur florist does in such cases is trying to grow the flower he likes. After all, the process is sometimes much more interesting than the result. Of course, growing a home gardenia from seeds is not easy, but it is quite interesting to try. You can also try to propagate it by cuttings. So far, I have not found someone to ask for a cutting, so I decided to buy seeds of gardenia jasmine and began to study the issue. Then she put into practice the information she had obtained. And in case someone decides to follow my example, I will tell you what I learned about gardenia jasmine, and what I did.
Gardenia jasmine - the plant is as beautiful as it is whimsical. It comes from humid and warm subtropics and it is very difficult to create suitable conditions for this flower. But if you have been doing floriculture for more than a year, then you probably have both a humidifier and artificial lighting lamps. All these devices are just useful in growing jasmine gardenia.
According to its morphological characteristics, gardenia is an evergreen shrub. In nature, he can reach the height of human growth. As a rule, miniature gardenias are grown in the room.
Why are they good? Yes, everyone. Even without flowers, gardenia will become a real decoration of the room. Its shiny bright green leaves remind of hot summer even in winter. And when it begins to bloom - it is impossible to take your eyes off. The jasmine gardenia has gorgeous white flowers. They also smell very nice - the scent really resembles the smell of jasmine a little.
Jasmine seed gardenia
So, in order to germinate gardenia seeds, I have prepared:
- wide and shallow pot;
- shallow drainage;
- earthen mixture "Azalea" - it is she who is advised for young gardenias;
- a greenhouse made of a plastic bag;
- the warmest place in the house.
Drainage was poured on the bottom of the pot (1/3 of the container), covered with soil, spread out the seeds and sprinkled them with an earth mixture with a layer of about 3-5 mm (did not deepen). I sprayed the seeds and soil well with warm water from a spray bottle. She covered the pot with a greenhouse and put it on the southern (additionally insulated with foam) window sill.
After 3.5 weeks, some of the seeds have sprouted (approximately 2/3). Then I moved them a little further away from the sun and continued to grow in a common container.
When the sprouts grew, I planted each one in a small temporary pot with large drain holes. I took the pots of a very small diameter (approximately 5-7 cm). She covered the pots with cut plastic bottles. She constantly sprayed the sprouts and the ground. When the young gardenias released new leaves and began to bush, I again transplanted them into pots 2 cm larger than the previous ones. At this stage, for the first time, I fed the gardenia with Azalea fertilizer (diluted to a low concentration). Now I have several bushes of jasmine gardenia. Also, of course, very small ones. Hopefully they will grow and develop into full grown plants. And I am just strenuously studying the features of caring for the jasmine gardenia. Read about caring for jasmine gardenia at home.
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How to grow a jasmine gardenia
Under natural conditions, gardenia jasmine (jasminoides) grows in the form of a shrub one and a half meters in height. This flower is found in Japan, India and China. The leaves of the plant are dense, green, oval in shape with pointed ends, about ten centimeters long.
The flowers are large, from seven to ten centimeters, white, at the end of flowering they can take on a beige tint. Gardenia smells like jasmine, hence its name. There is a sign that this flower brings happiness to the house.
Choosing a soil and pot for gardenia
First of all, you need to take care of a suitable soil and pot. Gardenia thrives on acidic soils, and practically does not bloom on neutral and alkaline soils. Therefore, you can purchase a ready-made soil mixture in specialized stores - for example, for azaleas, which are also demanding to maintain the acid-base balance they need.
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Also, the soil must have the ability to retain moisture. To do this, add perlite, sand or sphagnum to the gardenia mixture. The latter also has an additional acidifying effect, which also has a beneficial effect on the condition of the plant.
When choosing a pot, you need to pay attention first of all to its volume. It should be slightly larger (1.5–2 cm) than the gardenia root system. As it grows with regular transplants, the capacity for it should be increased.
In summer, jasmine gardenia grows well at a temperature of 23 degrees during the day. In the dark, the temperature of the content should be at least 18 degrees. In winter, the gardenia is kept in a cool room at a temperature of 16 degrees. Such a decrease in temperature will reduce the likelihood of flower depletion if there is a lack of light. Frequent ventilation will create such conditions. The main thing is that there is the same temperature regime, there are no drafts that can lead to the fall of flower buds. Therefore, competent care is very important here.
Jasmine gardenia grows well in high humidity conditions. To do this, it is often sprayed, covering the flowers so that ugly water spots do not appear on them.
Gardenia responds very well to warm showers. Before carrying out this procedure, it is recommended to cover the ground.
How to care for your gardenia
Gardenia jasmine is very demanding on the conditions of detention. It takes experience to grow this beautiful flower, and a willingness to devote most of your free time to gardenia. Gardenia reacts to any changes in temperature, lighting, humidity by yellowing and discarding leaves and buds. Even cloudy weather affects the "mood" of the gardenia. When the weather is lingering, the gardenia is in no hurry to open the buds and may not bloom for a long time.
Choosing a place. Gardenia loves bright, diffused light, which means that a place near the south or southwest window is ideal for her. Only now she does not tolerate direct sunlight, which means that it is better not to settle it on the windowsill, or use shading. In winter, a gardenia needs the brightest spot, or fluorescent lighting. Gardenia does not like when it is turned or its place of maintenance is changed, especially during the flowering period. Even by turning the pot, this flower can throw off all the buds.
Temperature conditions. On summer days, the air temperature in the room where the jasmine gardenia grows should not rise above 22 - 24 ° C, and in winter it should be between 16 and 18 ° C. In the summer, it is useful to take the gardenia out into the fresh air, but at the same time protect it from excess sunlight. Once flowering begins, the outdoor plant should be returned to the room.
Humidity. The plant needs high humidity. In order to increase the humidity, it is necessary to carry out regular spraying, avoiding the ingress of water on the buds and flowers. If water gets on the flowers, they will lose their decorative effect, since ugly brown spots remain on them from the water. Leaves must be dust-free and washed. Another way to increase the humidity to create a comfortable environment for the flower is to place the gardenia pot in wet peat or on a tray of wet pebbles. In this case, you need to make sure that the water on the tray does not touch the bottom of the pot.
Watering. Gardenia summer care requires abundant watering. Between waterings, the land should not dry out, since gardenia does not tolerate the dryness of an earthen coma. By autumn, watering should be slightly reduced, and in winter, water should be moderate. Gardenia should be watered with soft, rain-fed, filtered or boiled water. Hard and cold water is not at all suitable for watering gardenia. The plant needs water at room temperature or slightly higher than room temperature by a few degrees.
The soil . Gardenia jasmine prefers acidic soils. You can purchase a substrate for azaleas for her, or you can make a soil mixture yourself. For such a mixture, you need to take in equal parts: moor peat, sand, coniferous, leafy and sod land. Older plants need to be added to the soil with humus. At the bottom of the pot, it is imperative to pour expanded clay for drainage. To maintain the acidity of the soil, you can add a few drops of lemon juice to the water for irrigation twice a month.
Transplant. The plant does not need an annual transplant; it needs to be transplanted as needed, when the roots will entwine the entire earthen lump.
Top dressing. During the growing season, fertilizing is needed with fertilizers that do not contain lime. For gardenia, half the concentration of such fertilizer will be sufficient. Trace elements introduced in a chelated form are also useful to her. Iron chelate or other chelated preparations containing iron will help to cope with chlorosis at the initial stage.
Pruning. To give the gardenia a jasmine-like neat look, pruning is done. After flowering, the shoots must be cut off one third of their length. In summer, you can pinch the tops of the shoots for the same purpose.
Reproduction. Gardenia is propagated by apical cuttings, which are harvested in spring or summer. Cuttings are treated with root roots and rooted in a soil mixture consisting of perlite and peat using bottom heating. Rooting of cuttings takes place within a month, and after six months, young plants can bloom.
Pests. Gardenia is affected by scale insects, spider mites and aphids.
When caring for a flower, be careful! All parts of the plant are poisonous, especially the fruits.
This beautiful and capricious plant does not like a lot of things and is difficult to please. But for careful care, the jasmine gardenia will certainly generously reward its owner with a rich flowering.
Gardenia home: care, reproduction, transplant
Author: Marina Chaika February 17, 2019 Houseplants
Gardenia (lat.Gardenia) - a genus of the Madder family from the tropics, which is named after the American physician and naturalist Alexander Garden. In indoor conditions, the gardenia flower does not take up much space, but in nature - in East and Southeast Asia, as well as in South Africa - the gardenia plant sometimes reaches two meters in height. Gardenia, grown at home - jasmine, sometimes called by flower growers "Japanese beauty", she came to England in 1760.
Florists grow it not only for the sake of beautiful white, like waxy flowers, emitting a delicate scent of jasmine, but also for the sake of glossy leaves of a rich dark green color, which are a worthy decoration for a gardenia when it is not in bloom.
Pests, diseases and methods of dealing with them
Pale young leaves, old leaves systematically turn yellow, the plant grows hard, does not bloom - lack of lighting - the flower should have a very bright place, protected from open sunlight at noon and also nutrients - carry out top dressing during the spring-summer period.
On the leaves, you can notice mezhilkovy chlorosis or yellowing in the form of streaks - when alkalizing the soil - gardenia needs an acidic substrate. If the gardenia is transplanted after 2-3 years, then the highest layer of the earth, which, as usual, accumulates calcium salts in the form of a white crust, if watered with not very soft water, can be replaced with fresh water annually.
Leaves wilt, the plant bends, buds and flowers crumble when the room is too cold - do not let the temperature drop below 15 ° C.
The leaves grow and fall or fall off before they turn yellow - insufficient watering - the soil should be slightly moist all the time, when watering with cold water.
Gardenia does not bloom or blooms badly - if planted in lime-rich soil and poorly acidic. If it is watered with hard water. When the temperature is very below 16 ° C or above 22 ° C, if the air in the room is too dry, if it does not have enough light, when there is a strong lack of nutrients in the soil or their excess.
Gardenias are often attacked by parasites. Thrips, aphids, spider mites, thrips, scale insects. The plant is damaged by the pest, grows hard, does not turn green or loses flowers and buds, often leaves fall or quickly turn yellow.
If thrips is affected, gray dots can be seen on the top of the leaf - these are puncture marks. Aphids that attack a plant are easy to see, as a rule, they affect the tops of the shoots, buds, forming a sticky discharge. When a red spider mite flew into the gardenia, then the leaves dry, and a cobweb appears under them and in the internodes.It is quite difficult to notice the insects themselves. If the plant has been damaged by a scabbard, then round or oval brown plaques are visible on the lower and upper and part of the leaf.
If you find pests on the plant, then the flower should be sprayed with an insecticide (decis, fitoverm, intavir, actellik,). With a minor infestation, only one spraying becomes sufficient, if the pest progresses strongly, it is likely that it will be necessary to repeat the treatment up to three times, with an interval of a week.
Gardenia is an evergreen with beautifully fragrant cream or white flowers that will bloom all summer long. To grow it, you will need to work hard and create certain conditions, but the fragrance and grace of this capricious plant will delight you for a long time.