Propagation of sheflers by cuttings, seeds and aerial roots; transplant chefs
The other day I went to visit a friend who got a job in a well-known company. The office is simply gorgeous, but what fascinated me especially was the fact that there are flowerpots everywhere. There was no one in the office except us, so I could not resist and pulled on the planting material to root at home. Among these trophies was the chief. But at home, when I was deciding what to do with the samples of this flora, I found that I did not know how to root the chefler: plant it directly into the soil or keep it in water until the roots grow. I shoveled a bunch of literature, looked through a lot of sites and forums, spent half a day on telephone consultations with flower girls, and now I want to share the knowledge I have gained with you.
Video about the chef
In nature, the chefler has more than 200 species, but only a few of them grow at home. The most common types of cheflera are: radiant, palmate, tree-like, eight-leafed. Shefler is loved for its beauty and unpretentiousness, but in order to root young shoots, you need to work a little.
Today I want to talk about the propagation of a houseplant called a cheflera. This highly decorative and unpretentious perennial grows equally well both in dry and wet rooms and reproduces quite easily.
The air in my apartment is very dry, and many indoor plants simply cannot exist in such desert conditions, and the cheflera managed to adapt and decorate my winter garden.
Sheflers have one drawback: over time, it grows out: its trunk is bare, and the plant loses its decorative effect. Therefore, it is important to learn how to propagate it, and the easiest and fastest way to get a new plant is by cuttings. I raised this young chefler from the cut off top of the head, rooting it in the water. The mother plant, from which I cut off the top, is also alive and well.
Reproduction of shefflers by cuttings
To separate a viable stalk, you need to find a growing point on the chefler. My plant, which I have already grafted once, has several such tops. I will separate the largest one. You can use a pruner for this, you can just scissors or a knife. The main thing is that the instrument is sharp and sterile.
Now you need to free the stalk from the lower leaves so that roots grow on the resulting stem. The trunk of the chef should be held in a root former for 30-40 minutes (dissolve a few drops of Kornevin or Epin in a glass of water).
While the stem is in the growth stimulator, I make a hole in the center of the bottom of a disposable plastic cup with a diameter of the stem of the stem, and shorten the cup itself by half. Then I insert this cut-off glass into another, a whole glass, with the bottom with the hole up, pour water through the hole and insert the shepherd's handle into the hole. This is a very convenient way of growing roots in water: the stalk is securely fixed, and its leaves do not touch the water, so they will not rot.
It is better to keep the rooting stalk on a well-lit windowsill, but the light should be diffused. The roots will appear in about a month, after which the cutting can be transplanted into a pot of soil.
Here is such a simple way of breeding chefs. This plant is beautiful and by no means cheap, so it makes sense to learn how to propagate it for yourself and as a gift to friends and relatives.
For breeding chefs at home, choose well-developed cuttings. Before planting in the ground, it is recommended to hold the sprouts in a heteroauxin solution overnight. Prepare the potting mix: peat and sand in equal parts. Do not forget to pour drainage material at the bottom of the pot; pieces of brick or expanded clay are suitable for this. Fill the pot with the prepared mixture, leaving 2-3 cm to the top of the pot.
Now we plant the cuttings in the ground. Experts advise covering the chefler cuttings with cans or special caps to create a greenhouse effect. The place where the pots stand should be softly lit, the temperature should be stable, on average 20-23 degrees. Remember to let the seedlings breathe and spray them with water from time to time.
Reproduction by aerial roots
In order to stimulate the formation of air roots in the chefler, a neat incision must be made on the stem of the flower in the spring. Wrap it with a damp bandage, or better with moss, cover this place with plastic wrap. Moss or bandage should be moistened periodically. After about a month and a half of such manipulations, aerial roots should appear on your chef. A twig with such roots must be carefully cut and planted in a pot (see above).
Growing from seeds
For seed propagation, the sheflers must hold the seeds in a solution of Zircon or Epin. We put drainage on the bottom of the pot, then a mixture of sand and peat. We plant the seeds to a depth of 15 centimeters, cover the pot with foil and take care of it as if it were rooted cuttings: water, air, spray. You can transplant the sprouts of the cheflers into a separate pot when leaves appear on them.
It is curious that different types of Sheflera take root in different ways. Variegated varieties take longer to release roots than green varieties. Green varieties can be grown by rooting the leaf.
First, make sure that the shefler really needs a transplant, no plant should be disturbed unnecessarily!
Adult chefs need a transplant every two years. To check if your boss needs a transplant, remove it with an earthen clod from the pot, and if the roots are tightly and densely entwined with the soil, then it's time to transplant.
The new pot should be 2-3 cm larger than the previous one. Carefully remove the chefler along with the earthy clod from the old flowerpot, remove the old soil if possible and plant the plant in a new pot. There should be a wide layer of soil between the drainage and the roots. After planting, lightly press down on the soil around the trunk and water it.
Good luck in growing chefs!
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Araliaceae family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Indoor Plants Information
Sections: Houseplants Ornamental-deciduous Variegated plants Shade-tolerant Aralia Plants on Ш
Schefflera Care Tips
Scheffler or Schefflera belongs to the Aralian family. Under natural conditions, this plant is found in the tropics of the whole world, especially often in China, Japan, Australia and the Pacific Islands. In nature, representatives of this genus are bushes or small trees.
The chef is prized in room culture for the beauty of its leaves - they look like a palm with wide-spread fingers. Composite leaf blades are dissected into 4-12 lobes growing from one point on a long petiole. In many countries, the plant is called the umbrella tree or the umbrella of the gnomes.
Scheffler inflorescences racemose, elongated, similar to antennae or tentacles. You can see them only in the botanical garden, since the plant does not bloom at home. It is prized because of its beautiful leaves and the graceful shape of the entire plant.
Shefler, like Benjamin's ficus, can be grown as a large indoor solitaire plant, formed in the form of a tree or a large bush.
Its shoots are thin and long, young specimens are sometimes planted in a pot in several pieces, forming a common intertwined stem. A single potted, tall, flexible plant is often reinforced with a support.
It is not difficult for a chefler to grow at home - the plant is quite unpretentious. The rules of care are the same as for most of the usual, common indoor plants.
Important: Schefflera contains substances that irritate the skin and mucous membranes; care must be taken when handling this plant.
Schefflera is a photophilous plant; in autumn and winter, southern windows are best suited; in the summer heat, it should be shaded from the direct sun. A large plant is best placed next to a south window, but west and east facing windows work well. In insufficient light, you can grow a chefler with green leaves, variegated varieties need more light.
In the summer, you can take the plant out into the open air, placing it in a light partial shade.
Normal room temperature is suitable. In winter, it can be kept at 16-18 degrees, the minimum temperature is 12 degrees. Small daily fluctuations in daytime and nighttime temperatures are beneficial, and cold drafts can cause leaves to fall off. Scheffler should not be placed near heating appliances.
Moderate, regular, water with soft, settled water. Overdrying of the earthen coma should not be allowed. With a cool winter, watering is strictly limited. It is important to remember that it is better to overdry slightly than to pour, because overflow and souring of the soil is very dangerous for the sheffler. Also, do not water with cold water - the soil temperature should not be lower than the air temperature.
High humidity is useful. Sheflera normally adapts to normal room humidity, but regular spraying with soft, settled water is beneficial for her.
Soil / Substrate.
The mixture for transplanting is light, slightly acidic (pH about 6). You can make a mixture of turf and humus soil with sand (2: 1: 1) or 3 parts of fertile humus soil, 1 part of fibrous peat and 1 part of sand.
Young plants are transplanted every year, in spring, adults - as needed, usually every few years. The pot is taken much larger than the previous one. It is imperative to make good drainage at the bottom of the pot to prevent stagnation of water in the pot.
Fertilize regularly during the active growing season (from spring to autumn) every 2 weeks with a universal fertilizer for indoor plants. Fertilizing the chefler after transplanting is possible only after the appearance of young leaves.
Propagated to the chefler at home by seeds, cuttings and air layers.
The seeds can be bought and are sown in January-February. For sowing seeds, peat with sand, mixed in equal parts, is used. You can pre-soak sheffler seeds in warm water with the addition of epin or zircon. The substrate is watered or moistened with a spray bottle and placed in a warm place, covered with glass. The temperature is maintained between 20-24 ° C. Periodically spray and ventilate the container with seeds. When the seedlings have two or three leaves, they are dived into separate pots.
When propagating by cuttings, semi-lignified cuttings are used. Before planting, it is advisable to treat them with root stimulants. Cuttings are rooted in a mixture of peat and sand at a temperature of 20-22 degrees, covering the container with cuttings with polyethylene. Ventilate the container periodically.
Pruning / shaping the crown
To create a lush bush, several plants are often planted in one pot. The tree-like shape of the cheflers is obtained as a result of pruning. Improper pruning can damage the plant.
With improper care of the sheflera, she sometimes loses all the leaves. If the roots of the plant are healthy, then low pruning of the trunk can save the plant. The remaining stump can continue to be watered, it is useful to cover it with wet moss, it is likely that new shoots will appear.
In winter, the plant needs a period of relative dormancy. At this time, growth usually stops, the chefler is kept in a bright room at a temperature of 14-16 degrees, watering is limited.
Shefler's flower. Views
The genus sheflers is quite numerous, there are about 200 species of them. But in our latitudes, the following species are grown within closed premises:
Sheflera star-leaved characterized by the similarity of the structure of the leaves with a star or spread fingers of the palm. Its trunk is brown-gray in color, straight, slightly thickened at the base. Its main difference is 7 oval leaves with a wide middle part and uneven wavy edges on long petioles.
Sheflera tree is an erect low tree. It has long (up to 20 cm) pinnate leaves. Young plants are characterized by a bright green color, darken over time and acquire a brownish tint. The older the flower, the darker the branches. The tree-like cheflera is represented by different varieties, but they all resemble a palm tree in structure.
Sheflera flower has high decorative qualities, and first of all, thanks to its leaves - large, dense, leathery, painted in a rich dark green color. Variegated forms are also very common.
Sheflera eight-leafed characterized by a non-standard arrangement of sheets. 8-12 long narrow leaves (30-35 cm) are located on drooping beige petioles, the apex is slightly pointed. Depending on the age, the leaves of the eight-leafed chefler can have different shades, from olive green in young plants to light green in older plants. The top side of the leaf is glossy, the bottom is matte, bright green.
Sheffler's queen. Home care
Since the cheflera is a tropical flower and does not impose special requirements on the conditions of detention, a reasonable approach and some knowledge are enough to ensure a comfortable existence for his plant. The attentive attitude and adequate care of the chef will be appreciated, but, unfortunately, in most cases, it does not bloom, since it blooms mainly only in its natural environment. (or very close to them).
Subject to the basic rules of care and if there is free space, the flowers of the chef can grow up to 2.5 meters
It is advisable to choose a sufficiently bright place for it. At the same time, direct sunlight should be avoided for dark green species, it is worth taking care that the shadow protects the leaves of the plant from scorching rays, otherwise it can get burns - faded and faded foci. Although variegated sheflera is a rather light-loving flower and shade is not so desirable for her. Quite an unpretentious shefler's plant, home care is not burdensome even for novice florists.
Does not require frequent and abundant watering, but wetting the leaves by spraying is desirable. At the same time, for spraying, it is better to take settled or melted water so that white limescale does not appear on the leaves.
Caring for the sheflera involves regular spraying - only in this case you can grow a strong, healthy plant and avoid many problems, in particular, leaf fall
The plant should be watered as the soil dries up - just touch the soil with your finger to find out if the chef needs watering. In the case of too dry soil, the flower can be reanimated by placing it directly in a pot in a bowl of water at room temperature. Leave the pot in the water for no more than 10 minutes and remove, allowing the remaining water to drain. But it is not worth doing such procedures often.
It is best to place Shefler in partial shade, protected from direct sunlight. Watering as the soil dries up.
In order not to allow the flower to dry out, it is not necessary to place it near the radiator. In winter, the chef is capable of being at a temperature of at least 12 degrees, but drafts should be avoided. If the regime is not observed, she quickly loses sheets, but if it improves, she is able to release new ones just as quickly.
Shefler's flower. Transfer
Considering that the sheflera is not a fast-growing flower, it is advisable to transplant young plants no more often than once a year (preferably in spring); for older plants, transplantation occurs once every 3-4 years. It is easy to determine the need for such a procedure: it is enough to carefully remove the flower from the pot and estimate the number of roots.
Sheflera does not need frequent transplants. Just noticing that the entire soil is entwined with the root system, it is necessary to find a more spacious pot for the flower.
For transplantation, a flower is taken out of an old pot, part of the earth is removed from the roots with your hands. In a new pot, and it is advisable to choose it wider than the previous one by at least 3 cm, drainage is laid so that the roots can breathe (expanded clay is suitable), covered with part of the earth, set up a plant and covered with the rest of the earth. It is better to use slightly acidic soil. You can combine turf and humus soil with sand. The use of palm substrate is acceptable.
Sometimes used transshipment method... It is used for young plants that are in the growth stage and it is not desirable to disturb them excessively. The method differs in that the earthen lump on the roots during transplantation is not disturbed. Drainage is laid in a new pot, the chefler pulled out from the previous pot is installed and new soil is poured to the top. After that, watering is required.
When a complete replacement of the soil is impossible, then it is permissible to replace only the obsolete upper layers. In this case, you need to carefully loosen the top layer, remove, and put a new layer of earth in its place.
Shefler. Home care for breeding
In the spring or summer, you can breed chefs. There are several ways to do this: cuttings, seeds, or air layers.
With the "cuttings" method choose woody cuttings and root in the soil or in water. In this case, several leaves should remain in the upper part of the cutting. Phytohormones or special rooting agents and bottom heating should be used. The cuttings are covered with a film, periodically airing. Do not throw away the remaining stump - it can release side shoots.
For seed propagation you need to buy quality seeds in a specialty store and soak for a short time in water, where you can add epin or zircon preparations. Then the seeds are sown in peat with sand, watered and placed in a warm, protected place. Better to cover the pot with glass. Sometimes the soil needs to be ventilated and sprayed. When 2-3 leaves appear on the surface, the plant is dived and planted in pots. This method is more often used in industrial breeding by cheflers.
Periodically, you can cut off the top of the chefler - it will be more magnificent. Watch out for humidity and temperature, as well as for pests, and then its leaves will not fall off.
If applicable propagation by air layers , make a small cut on the trunk and wrap it with wet moss and film. It is necessary to carefully monitor the moisture content of the moss and, if necessary, maintain its level. After a while, roots are formed, and after 2 months after that, the top with the root is cut off and rooted in another pot.
When breeding has taken place, and a new chefler has appeared, home care should be provided for each plant in accordance with its needs. Young flowers must enter the stage of intensive growth - for this, various dressings are used, and older plants need to be cared for and kept from discomfort and disease. For feeding, it is advised to use liquid products, since solid, so-called sticks, can lead to an overdose, which is highly undesirable.
In order for the trunk of a young plant to grow straight and strong, it needs to be supported
Diseases and pests
Like any plant, the cheflera can be subject to disease. With the correct determination of the cause, the treatment will not become long and time consuming. The main causes of plant disease are careless or improper care and pests.
Brown leaves - plant overdrying signal. It makes sense to increase watering and spray more often. Sheflera is a moisture-loving flower. It will benefit her if she periodically (twice a year is enough) to carry out shower procedures. In this case, the pressure of the jets in the shower should not be too intense.
Lack or excess of sun leads to discoloration of leaves... Moreover, the leaves become light from a lack of light. And white spots are fading or burns from too bright rays.
Sheflera or "umbrella tree" is able to add new colors to the interior due to the uniqueness of its leaves and the ability to intertwine, creating compositions of different types.
Also, the loss of leaves can be associated with the presence parasites... A close examination will help identify signs of their presence. In this case, the plant should be urgently isolated from healthy flowers and appropriate measures should be taken, it is advisable to revise the conditions of detention towards lowering the temperature and increasing the humidity in the room. If the lesions are small, then the pests can be removed manually. To do this, moisten a towel or napkin in soapy water and remove the bugs with it. These can be various ticks, scale insects or thrips. In case of abundant infection, the chefler should be treated with disinfectants. In specialized stores, they can be found in a huge assortment.
Sheflera: leaves fall - causes and treatment
• Non-compliance with the temperature regime - the main reason that the plant begins to lose foliage. Moreover, both too low and high air temperatures will be unfavorable. If the trunk is still healthy, the flower can be saved by transplanting it into another pot. Beforehand, you should only cut off dry branches by treating the cuts with crushed charcoal. The transplanted chefler is placed in a well-lit, warm enough place.
• If the plant not only loses leaves, but the root system also begins to rot, this indicates over-wateringespecially when combined with low room temperatures. The flower can be revived if rotten roots are removed in time and kept in a solution of epin or zircon for a couple of hours. Next, the root system must be treated with a fungicide, and then transplanted into a pot. To fully restore the health of the chefs, it is necessary to spray the bush with a solution of zircon (epin), and wrap it with polyethylene for several days, which should be periodically removed for ventilation.
• Often the leaves of the cheflers turn black and fall off due to insufficient air humidity... Regular spraying of the flower can save the day: several times a week in the cold season and daily on hot days.
• Drafts - the reason why the chef can lose his health. Leaves fall in this case due to the fact that they become too fragile. For this reason, it is important to choose the right permanent place for the flower.
Sheflera - a flower for the interior
Due to its features, the cheflera has gained fame as an excellent decoration for the interior of an apartment or office. By trimming the top, you can give it a beautiful shape, the hostess's imagination will tell you which one.
By planting several trunks in one pot, the chefler can be given the appearance of a standard tree. Bougainvillea is sometimes grown in the same form, the care of which is not particularly difficult, but the decorative qualities, on the contrary, are high.
As long as the plant is young and the trunks are very flexible, they can be braided into braids and give a whimsical and showy look. To do this, in the place of the plexus, the side shoots must be removed, and the "braid" at the top must be tied until all the trunks are lignified, then the clamp or rope must be removed. To make the chef more branchy, you can cut it off - so the overall composition will become fluffier in appearance.
Experienced growers and amateurs note that the cheflera is a spectacular flower and does not require special attention, it is suitable even for novice and still scattered growers. Observing the necessary measures and providing her with the necessary space for growth, the owner will very soon appreciate all its advantages at their true worth: the green mass will decorate the home and make it more comfortable. If, in addition to the design of the flower itself, you show imagination and place it in a stylish interesting tub, you will get a charming piece of furniture.
Shefler easily propagates with the help of a sheet. From an adult plant, pinch off any leaf with a petiole. It is placed in a glass of water, in which the root former is diluted. From above, the container is closed with polyethylene and placed in a warm, protected from the sun place, creating a greenhouse effect.
Sometimes a glass jar, plastic bottle or factory dome is used instead of a bag. The store item has a lid on top, through which it is convenient to air the plant. Every day, for 15-20 minutes, a glass with a leaf is opened to ventilate the future seedling and let it breathe air.
Germination of a sheet of chefler should take place at a temperature of at least 23 degrees. If all conditions are met, the first roots will appear in 15-20 days.
Attention! Sometimes the petiole begins to rot. You need to open the glass, change the water and cut the leaf to a healthy part. Reproduction of shefflers by a leaf is shown in a special photo.
Propagation of shefflers by cuttings
Semi-lignified cuttings are treated with heteroauxin before planting and planted in a mixture of peat and sand (1: 1). Place containers with cuttings on the lower heating (it is not recommended to place them on the central heating radiator). Maintain the temperature within + 20 ... + 22 ° C. Periodically spray and ventilate the container with seeds. Cover with polyethylene to provide diffused lighting. After the cuttings take root, they are kept at a temperature of + 18 ... + 20 ° C. When young plants are entwined with the roots of the entire earthen ball, they are transplanted into pots 7-9 cm in diameter, and kept in a well-lit place with an air temperature of + 14 ... + 16 ° C.
Large specimens can be propagate by air layers... To do this, in the spring, a shallow incision is made on the trunk, wrap it with wet sphagnum moss soaked in phytohormone or nutrient solution (1 g of complex fertilizer per 1 liter of water), and cover it with a film on top. Moss is always kept moist (that is, moistened as it dries). After a few months, roots appear at the site of the incision.
About two months after the roots have formed, the apex with the roots is cut off below the root formation and planted in a separate pot. The remaining trunk is not discarded, even if there are no leaves on it. It is cut almost to the root. The stump from the old plant must continue to be watered (you can cover it with moistened moss), perhaps it will give shoots that will grow well, and you will have another copy of the plant.
Schefflera eight-leafed (Schefflera octophylla). © 宇傑 鄭
Shefler's flower - cultivation features
Sheflera is a plant in the tropics. It is difficult to create such conditions in the room, but the flower does not pretend to them. It is enough to simply observe the light and temperature conditions, protect it from drafts, water and feed it correctly. For variegated forms, good illumination is especially important, otherwise the plant may lose the brightness of the color of the leaves.
Caring for the chef at home
We want to repeat once again and focus on the fact that the cheflera belongs to unpretentious plants. Therefore, even a novice plant breeder can handle the care of this indoor flower.
Accommodation chefs at home. Correct lighting
Sheflera loves sunlight, but in moderation. A well-lit place in the house with the possibility of shading at any time is perfect for such an ornamental plant. The fact is that the scorching rays can cause serious harm to the leaves of the flower: burns will appear on them. If possible, place an indoor flower on the west or east window of the house. In this case, the plant will have both a sufficient amount of sunlight and the opportunity to hide from the sultry midday rays.
It is important! Strictly speaking, it all depends on the individual characteristics of a particular plant. If your indoor flower feels great in direct sun, the leaves retain their rich green color, then you can leave the plant alone.
Temperature for chefs
Shefler can be safely attributed to heat-loving plants. It should be noted that the plant does not like stuffy rooms with low humidity very much, and, as a rule, responds to such care by yellowing and falling leaves.
Basic requirements for the temperature regime of the plant:
- IN summer time an indoor perennial will feel comfortable if the temperature at which it is kept ranges from +16 to +22 degrees. Sheflera is not very supportive of excessively high temperatures. The ideal place to place it in the summer is a balcony or loggia on the west or east side of the house.
- IN winter months the temperature of the content of the plant should be lowered to +14 +16 degrees. Do not forget to protect the chefler from the damaging effects of central heating batteries. If a perennial "suffers" from unfavorable conditions, you should either move it to another place, away from the battery, or provide the plant with decent moisture.
Water quality: compulsorily separated, at room temperature. The indoor flower is very picky about the quality of the watering fluid. If you did not manage to settle the water in time, then you can use either distilled water or chilled boiled water. But by no means cold.
Soil moisture in the pot: The soil must always remain moist. If the room is too hot and the potted soil dries out quickly, you may want to increase your watering frequency.
Irrigation schedule for chefs in winter and summer:
- In summer the plant should be watered at least once every 2-3 days. Of course, focusing on the drying of the soil in the pot.
- In winter the frequency of watering should be significantly reduced. But not completely wetting the ground is not worth it. The best option: to water once every one and a half weeks.
The harmonious development of chefs at home is directly affected by the introduction (timely and reasonable!) Of dressings.
Feeding for the chef can be purchased at any flower shop. Complex organic and mineral fertilizers are perfect for indoor perennials.
Remember! The period of active growth of chefs lasts from mid-spring to early autumn. If you name specific months, then this is approximately from mid-April to early September. In winter, top dressing should not be carried out.
Systematic fertilization will not only accelerate the growth of your home flower, but also allow it to maintain its decorative effect.
Like many other indoor plants, the chef should be repotted regularly. But the degree of this regularity must be strictly controlled. The frequency of plant transplants directly depends on the age of the indoor flower.
How often should a shefler be transplanted?
The shefler's perennial perennial, like many other representatives of the glorious Araliev family, is rapidly growing and developing. That is why the plant should be transplanted according to the following scheme:
- in the first years of life, while the houseplant is still very young, the chefler should be transplanted at least once a year
- a mature plant should be transplanted no more than 1 time in 3-4 years.
Note to the plant breeder! Sheflera does not need to be transplanted too often.Strictly speaking, it is possible to judge that a plant should immediately change its growing container by the state of its root system.
If the flower is very easily removed from the pot and the soil in the pot is completely entwined with the root system, then it is time to find a container for a larger indoor flower.
Scheme of the transplant sheflers
The procedure for transplanting a plant directly depends on its age.
- A still completely immature plant, the root system of which does not differ in strength, should be transplanted by the transshipment method. In addition, an indoor flower that is in the growing stage can react negatively to external interference and begin to shed its leaves.
So, using the transshipment method, we do not touch the earthen lump on the roots of the indoor flower. We simply remove the plant from the container, carefully examine it for the occurrence of diseases.
A drainage layer is poured into a new growing container, then new soil is added. Gently roll over the plant and fill the pot with fresh soil. The transplant ends with abundant watering of the indoor flower.
If you are going to transplant an already mature plant, then you should carefully remove it from the pot. We clean the root system of soil, inspect it for rot and other unpleasant moments. If everything is in order, we continue the transfer. A new pot should usually be at least three centimeters larger than its predecessor. We spread a good drainage layer on the bottom of the container, it is better to expand clay, fill in part of the fresh soil prepared in advance. Then carefully place the plant in the pot and add some of the remaining soil. Water the plant abundantly.
Difficulties in growing chefs
In the course of growing, chefs can face a number of problems.
- Falling leaves... Such behavior, unnatural for a perennial, may be the result of excessive watering of the plant. Sheflera also begins to shed leaves if the temperature in the room is too high or, conversely, too low. It can be concluded that the plant begins to shed its leaves in the event of improper care. This is a kind of signal that makes the breeder think that he is doing something wrong. If the cause of the fall is eliminated, then the plant will restore its natural appearance in a fairly short time. Otherwise, it will simply die.
- Rotting root system... There can be only one reason for such a depressing state for the chefs - excessive moisture. If the water stagnates both in the pot and in the sump, if the plant breeder waters the chefler too often, then soon the plant will simply rot. The most frustrating fact in this whole story is that root rot is not easy to recognize. Most often, a plant breeder notices this fact at a time when it is almost impossible to save an indoor flower. Therefore, try to initially prevent the liquid from stagnating in the pot and correctly plan the watering schedule for the indoor flower.
- Lack of lighting... Despite the fact that the sheflera prefers to grow in partial shade and very often suffers from too bright sun, light is one of the most important conditions for her harmonious existence. The leaves of the plant react to the lack of lighting, first of all. They begin to lose their natural natural color, become faded, and light spots appear on some of them. If the grower noticed the appearance of such negative factors, the chef should immediately be placed in a well-lit area of the room.
- Pest attack... Pests that cause significant damage to the chef include the scale insect, spider mite and aphids. If the damage is not too severe, you can simply treat the leaves with soapy water, and then gently walk over the surface with a damp cloth. If the invasion of pests is large-scale, we do not hesitate and boldly apply insecticides.
Sheflera is exquisite, amazing, unusual ... This houseplant will not leave anyone indifferent. Not too picky in care, although rarely blooming at home, the perennial will perfectly fit into the interior of any style and will delight you with its sophisticated classic and at the same time non-trivial floristic way!