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Description and characteristics of pumpkin varieties Sweetie

Description and characteristics of pumpkin varieties Sweetie


The history of the pumpkin is more than 7 thousand years old, and the culture came to Europe from America in the 16th century. I fell in love with it for its pleasant sweetish taste, unpretentiousness, the ability to be stored for a long time (up to 6 months) under normal conditions and at the same time retain taste and useful qualities. Pumpkin pulp The candy contains a lot of useful minerals, vitamins, and pumpkin seeds are a unique product in terms of their chemical composition and benefits for the body.

Description of pumpkin varieties Sweetie

Sweetie is a selection variety intended for cultivation in vast territories of the non-black earth zone of Russia.

The most important distinguishing feature of the fruit is very high sugar content... It is widely cultivated both for the industrial production of juices and baby food, and in private plots, dachas. It is used for preparing first and second courses, sweet desserts and pastries.

Due to its high sugar content, Candy has been awarded the highest rating by the Institute of the Canning Industry and is the standard for making baby food without added sugar.

According to the description, when mature, it acquires a beautiful bright orange color, the bark is divided into segments, very dense, due to which it is stored for a long time and is easily transported. The pulp is thick, juicy, sugary, red in color, soft and very sweet.

Main characteristics

Pumpkin Sweetie refers to large-fruited mid-season varieties. Scourges grow up to one and a half meters long, 6-8 ovaries are formed on them. The plant is unpretentious, but with good agricultural technology, very high rates can be achieved.

  • High yield... On the lashes, from 6 to 8 fruits grow, the average weight of which is 1.5-3.0 kg, but there are often cases when pumpkins grow up to 20, 50 and even 100 kg.
  • The nutritional value... The candy contains up to 20% dry matter, 8% sugar, a large amount of ascorbic acid and carotene.
  • Fleshy pulp... Almost the entire cavity of the pumpkin is filled with it. The seed nest is small, the seeds are large and have excellent taste.

With prolonged storage, the fruits ripen, the pulp becomes even softer, sweeter and tastier. The variety is considered cold-resistant, therefore it is grown in different regions.

The time from the appearance of the first shoots to full technical ripening is from 120 to 130 days.

Agrotechnical features of growing pumpkin

Although pumpkin is an unpretentious plant, in order to grow a rich harvest, it is necessary to carry out preparatory work before sowing seeds.

Preparing the soil

Any sort of pumpkin, and especially such a fruitful one as Sweetie, loves light loamy soils, well flavored with organic matter (humus or compost - 1 bucket per 1 sq. m). Before sowing, the soil is well dug up, adding organic fertilizers.

If the soil is not fertile enough, 50 g of superphosphate and 1-2 glasses of ash are added to each hole.

In warm climates, where the ground warms up early enough, Candy can be planted with seeds in open ground. In colder conditions, with late spring, it is better to germinate the seedlings in advance.

Seed preparation

For planting material are selected especially high quality, large and full grains.

First, they are checked for germination: the selected seeds are wrapped in a damp cloth and removed to a warm place for a day. Seeds with the best germination rate have time to hatch. Then they are placed in the refrigerator for hardening for several days.

Planting seeds for seedlings

For seedlings, seeds are planted in a separate container, or in wooden boxes, in pre-prepared soil. The boxes need to be filled with sawdust as drainage, so that when transplanting to a permanent place, it does not damage the root system.

Tara is better to take bottomless and put on pallets. During planting in open ground, it will be possible to lower the seedlings into the hole directly with a glass, avoiding injury to the roots.

Sowing seeds is done approximately 22-24 days before disembarkation to a permanent place (taking into account the local climatic characteristics of the region) + 5 days for germination, observing the following rules:

  • pumpkin seeds are sealed to a depth of 3-4 cm, covered with soil, slightly moistened;
  • in the box, the distance between the grains must be at least 5x5 cm;
  • the container is covered with a transparent film and placed in a well-lit warm place until the first shoots appear, then the film is removed;
  • when 2-3 true leaves appear, the seedlings are planted in open ground, the temperature of which by this time should be at least 13 degrees.

Planting seeds directly into the ground

The optimal time for planting seeds directly into the ground is the second half of May.

The ground is already warming up enough, frost sprouts are not threatened. Wells are made in pre-prepared soil, moistened and placed in each 3-4 grains to a depth of about 8 cm.

After the seeds sprout, 1 sprout should be left in each hole, and the rest should not be pulled out, but carefully cut off. This is done because the root system of seedlings is rapidly developing and intertwined with each other, so the shoots are cut off so as not to damage the root of the remaining shoot.

The pumpkin loves free, warm, well-lit and sun-warmed places. It is necessary to plant in a permanent place at the rate of 1 plant per 1 sq.m.

Care and feeding

Plants develop very quickly, so the main care - loosening the soil, weeding, feeding, removing weeds - is carried out before the pumpkin leaves close.

Pumpkin responds very well to feeding chicken droppings or mulleindiluted with water in a ratio of 1:20 and 1:10, respectively.

Water the plants with warm water - 20-22 degrees... To obtain large fruits, the lashes are pinched, leaving the required number of ovaries.

Pumpkin diseases and their prevention

Pumpkin Sweetie, like all pumpkin crops, are prone to diseases:

  • bacteriosis;
  • white rot;
  • root rot;
  • powdery mildew.

They appear mainly during the formation of ovaries and fruits.

Affected plants must be treated with appropriate drugs and the basic rule for the prevention of various diseases must be observed - crop rotation... For a pumpkin, it is 3-4 years.

Pumpkin Sweetie is a tasty, healthy, unpretentious, easily cultivated vegetable. Excellent taste with low calorie content and a mass of nutrients in the composition make it a very popular product in dietary and baby food. That is why sweet Sweetie is the favorite of many gardeners.


Pumpkin variety Sweetie

Pumpkin "Sweetie" stands out for its large size and gastronomic qualities. The main industrial use of this variety is the production of juices and baby food. Summer residents are raised for the preparation of first and second courses and are used as one of the ingredients in baked goods and desserts.

  1. Characteristics of the variety
  2. Varietal advantages
  3. Varietal disadvantages
  • How to grow a pumpkin
  • Landing area preparation
  • Germination of seedlings
  • Landing in open ground
  • How to care
  • Loosening and removing weeds
  • Top dressing
  • Watering
  • Forming pumpkin whips
  • When to harvest and how to store it
  • Disease susceptibility

  • Description of the variety

    Sometimes the variety is called Caramel. It is characterized as a mid-season table. The candy is frost-resistant and high-yielding, which allows it to be grown in any climatic conditions. The plant performs well both in greenhouses and in open field conditions.

    Distinctive features

    The bushes are large and powerful, the whips and leaves are green. The variety is grown mainly in seedlings, but sometimes the Candy is sown directly into the ground. In cold regions, the vegetable is grown under a film. It ripens within 120-130 days from the moment of planting.

    Fruit characteristics and yield

    The average weight of one pumpkin is 2-3 kg. The vegetables are round, slightly rough, and have a bright red-orange color. Pale green spots can be seen on the surface of the pumpkin. The peel is soft, easy to cut with a knife. The pulp is sweet and juicy, with a high content of sugar and vitamin C. The yield is about 9 kg per 1 sq. m.

    Interesting! In Germany, a real festival is held in honor of the pumpkin. Every year from September to November, chefs and sculptors present interesting products from this vegetable. Especially popular are pumpkin coffee and pumpkin jam.


    Planting and leaving

    You should start by choosing a site and suitable soil. The plot should be spacious and well warmed up by the sun. The vegetable prefers light loamy or medium loamy soil. When planting seedlings, it is necessary to maintain a distance of at least 90 cm between plants. If it is not possible to plant a pumpkin crop on soil with a certain composition, you will have to form raised beds. This way you can get rid of the weeds at the same time.

    Before planting a crop, the soil should be dug up, organic fertilizers should be added - manure or rotted compost. This is done at the rate of 7 kg of top dressing per square meter of area. If the soil for planting is too depleted, it is best to pour 2 glasses of ash and 50 grams of superphosphate into each hole.

    Planting can be carried out by seeds or seedlings, depending on the climatic conditions of your region. If the air and earth warms up quickly, use seeds. When spring comes slowly, it is advised to plant seedlings in the house or greenhouse. After germination and disinfection, the seeds are soaked, then 3-4 pieces are placed in a prepared hole with a depth of more than 8 cm. For growing seedlings, disposable cups, plastic bottles or cardboard boxes are used.

    The height of the container, whichever of the possible options you choose, should be up to 8 cm. The seeds are poured with water and placed in heat. The optimal recipe for a soil mixture is sod land with peat and humus in a 1: 1: 2 ratio. Pots with seedlings in them must be hardened before planting in open ground. Before carrying out a planned planting, the wells must be moistened.

    As for care, the pumpkin of the Sweetie f1 variety needs regular watering, loosening and top dressing. But it is permissible to carry out all procedures only until the pumpkin closes with leaves. It is best to start activities 10 days after landing in a permanent place. The plant responds well to mineral and organic fertilizers. It is customary to use chicken dung filled with warm water and infused.

    Then add water at the rate of 1:20 and mix well. The mullein, diluted in a ratio of 1:10, is also popular. Watering must be carried out before feeding, otherwise the roots may receive a serious burn. An excellent mineral fertilizer is ammonium nitrate. When preparing a solution for 1 bucket of water, you need to take no more than 1 matchbox of the product. Timely watering, loosening and weeding will allow every gardener to collect a rich harvest of their favorite vegetables. It is also important to pinch the main stem, stepping back from 3-4 fruit ovaries.

    From the latter it is required to count 5 leaves. From the 5th leaf, the pinching is done after the formation of the second ovary.

    To get additional roots that will serve as a reliable support for the culture, it is recommended to sprinkle the lashes with earth.


    Pumpkin varieties with large fruits

    Many gardeners strive to grow a truly gigantic vegetable. There are many champions among the representatives of this culture. To achieve the cherished goal is not enough to properly care for the plant. A prerequisite for success is a correctly selected variety that gives large fruits.

    • Lamp
    • Titanium
    • Centner
    • Atlantic giant
    • Bbw
    • Parisian gold
    • Russian porridge.

    Pumpkin lantern

    The average weight of one fruit of this breeding variety is about 6 kg. With proper care and feeding, larger specimens can be obtained. The variety has a long shelf life. Juicy, crunchy flesh is hidden under a rather thin skin.

    Russian porridge

    Table variety, distinguished by large fruits. The average weight of a pumpkin is 7 kg. Fruits are rounded, bright orange with a slight pink tint.

    • mid-season
    • up to 4 fruits ripen on one plant
    • the pulp has a pleasant aroma, balanced taste
    • used in cooking for the preparation of side dishes, soups, cereals.


    Characteristic

    Climbing gourd is popular with gardeners, especially on large plots of land. The length of the plant is average, but in crowded conditions, its quality indicators decrease.

    The variety has high cold resistance. If the fruits "lie" before the first frost, their crust does not suffer, and the pulp remains tasty. Sweetie is a high-yielding crop.

    They use juicy pulp for preparing various dishes. Snacks and baked dishes are prepared from it. The pulp is used as a raw material for juices. Pumpkin is used to make dried slices for snacks.

    Description of the bush

    The bush is thermophilic. In the shade or in poorly lit areas, the growth of lateral lashes is moderate, and the quality of the fruit decreases. According to the description of the variety, the average length of the side lashes of the Yummy pumpkin is 1.5-1.7 m.

    Up to 6 pumpkins can form on one shoot, but only with proper care. Large-fruited species. The average yield of the variety is up to 50 kg per bush. This indicator depends entirely on the conditions created by the gardener.

    Description of fruits

    The fruits of the variety are large. In favorable conditions, fewer vegetables are formed on the lashes, but each pumpkin grows up to 20-40 kg. Description of fruits:

    • round shape
    • the peel is moderately dense - its color is bright orange
    • the closer the ripening period, the brighter the rind
    • fruits are segmented
    • the pulp is juicy and tender.

    The pulp is the main value of the variety. It is not only soft and juicy, but also very tasty. The sugar content in it is not less than 8%. The composition of the pumpkin is balanced. The vegetable contains both ascorbic acid and the famous pumpkin component - carotene.

    The seed nest is medium in size and is located in the center of the vegetable. The seeds are medium and large. They are covered with a dense dark skin. Seeds are a useful product. They are used for planting crops or eaten. The meal made from them is used to treat helminthiasis and as a useful food supplement.


    Tips for growing large pumpkin

    In order to grow not just "Candy" on the garden bed, but real candy - tasty, sweet, which can be eaten fresh, you must follow the elementary rules. Using the experience of experienced gardeners, even a novice summer resident will cope with the task.

    1. When planting seedlings (or seeds), it is necessary to maintain distances between plants of 1.2-1.5 m, so that as they develop, they do not interfere with each other.
    Advice. In regions of risky farming, it is better to plant pumpkin on seedlings along with cucumbers and zucchini in voluminous peat pots. Where you don't have to wait for tricks from nature, you can plant seeds in the ground.

    The first pumpkin harvest can be harvested in 3 months

    2. Long lashes of pumpkin need pinching and removal of stepchildren. The first is produced after 5-6 leaves appear on the plant. The main stem is pinched to ensure branching. on the lashes of the second order, more female flowers appear, and, accordingly, more ovaries. After the final setting of several fruits, in August, all the lashes are pinched to stop further growth, so that the plant directs its forces to ripening pumpkins.

    3.An accurate sign for harvesting pumpkins is the drying and color change of the stalk. At "Yummy" it practically becomes lignified, painted in beige color.

    Pumpkin needs feeding and regular watering

    The "Sweetie" variety is zoned and suitable for growing in central Russia, where a full summer allows a dozen fruits to ripen on one plant. In the Northwest, with rainy summer weather, with proper care, each bush will give 1-3 pumpkins. It would seem that labor costs are not adequate, but the "candy" tastes so good that it is worth trying to grow them.


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