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Planting A Mango Pit – Learn About Mango Seed Sprouting

Planting A Mango Pit – Learn About Mango Seed Sprouting


By: Tonya Barnett, (Author of FRESHCUTKY)

Growing mangoes from seed can be a fun and enjoyable project for kids and seasoned gardeners alike. Though mangoes are extremely easy to grow, there are a few issues that you may encounter when attempting to plant seeds from grocery store mangoes.

Can You Grow a Mango Pit?

First and foremost, mangoes are only produced from mature trees. At maturity, mango trees can reach heights over 60 feet (18 m.) tall. Unless you live in a climate suitable for growth of mangoes outdoors, tropical and sub-tropical areas, it’s unlikely that your plants will ever produce fruit.

Additionally, fruits produced from plants will not be like those from which the seed came. This is due to the fact that commercial mangoes are often produced by grafted trees for better disease resistance.

Despite these facts, mango pits are still grown by gardeners in more temperate climates and are often admired for their foliage.

Planting a Mango Pit

Seeds from grocery store mangoes are one of the most common places to start. First, you’ll need to check to ensure that the mango pit is actually viable. Sometimes fruits have been chilled or treated. This results in a mango seed which will not grow. Ideally, the seed should be a tan color.

Since mango seeds contain a latex sap, which causes skin irritation, gloves are required. With gloved hands carefully remove the pit from the mango. Use a pair of scissors to remove the outer husk from the seed. Be certain to plant the seed immediately, as it should not be allowed to dry out.

Plant into a container filled with moist potting mix. Plant the seed deep enough so that the top of the seed is just below soil level. Keep well watered and in a warm location. Use of a heat mat will help expedite the process of the mango seed sprouting. Keep in mind that mango pit germination may take several weeks.

Mango Seedling Care

Once the seed has germinated make sure to water it two to three times a week for the first three to four weeks. Mango trees will require full sun and warm temperatures for continued growth. Overwintering plants indoors will be mandatory for many growing regions.

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Read more about Mango Trees


How To Grow Mango Tree From Seed Faster

Many people wonder whether a mango tree can be grown from a seed. Yes, it is possible, you can grow a mango tree from its seed, even in a pot. Continuing reading below for detailed step-by-step guide on growing a mango tree starting from a seed. You can grow the mango tree in a pot.

One year old mango tree grown from a seed.
Mangoes can be grown from seeds and grafting. Mango plants from the garden nursery are usually grafted and will fruit within 3-4 years. Mango tree grown from seeds may take longer, 5 years. However mango grown from a polyembryonic variety like Kensington Pride can produce fruits in just 2-3 years!

The seedling mango trees have stronger root system and grows vigorously than the grafted trees. But they do not grow true to the parent mango tree, even if you have planted the seed of a good tasting mango you will know only when the tree produces fruits.
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Mango Seeds Information: List of Polyembryonic Mangoes

One person asked, me how to make a polyembryonic seed or how to convert a monoembryonic seed into a polyembryonic seed! The answer is it is the variety of the mango that decides whether the seed is mono-or poly-embryonic. You can't convert one variety into another.

In general, mangoes from the following tropical locations are Polyembryonic:
Burma, Cambodia, India (Goa, Karnataka and Coastal parts of Kerala), Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

There are many mango varieties which are polyembryonic type. Some of these varieties in Asia and Australia are Kensington Pride or Bowen, R2E2, Bullocks Heart, Bundaberg Late, Kasturi, Champagne, Honey, Altaufo, Manila, Chandrakaran, Cathamia, Baramasia, MA 173, etc. which you can buy from your grocery store. The mangoes grown from the seeds of theses mangoes will be true to type.

The suitable varieties of polyembryonic type in USA are Florigon, Laris, Mekong, Ono, Orange, Samini, Simmonds, Torbet. Wester, etc. The Newsletter of Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Queensland gives a detailed list of polyembryonic type of mangoes in various countries. In India almost all the varieties are monoembryonic. However, some of the Polyembryonic varieties are Gubdu Salem, MA 173, Baramasia, Olor, Chandrakaran, Colombo Black, etc.

Following is a list of polyembryonic mangoes in various countries [4].

Polyembryonic Mango Varieties in Australia

Bali Apple, Banana-1, Black Java, Bowen (Kensington Pride), Bullocks Heart, Bundaberg, Gullivers Triumph, Ingham Late, Mag-B, Nixon's Special, Peach CG, Roberts-3, Spychala, Tekin, Thomas, TPP 1, Trusso.

Polyembryonic Mango Varieties in India

The north indian mango varieties are all monoembryonic type. The mangoes only form Goa, karnatka and kerla are polyembryonic variety.

Bappakai, Baramasia, Bellary, Chandrakaran, Colombo Black, Goa, Goa Kasargod, Gundu, Kurukkan, MA 173, Moovandan, Mundappa, Mylepania, Mylepaliumt, Olour, Salem, Sings Late, Sri Lanka

Polyembryonic Mango Varieties in Indonesia

Polyembryonic Mango Varieties in Philippines

Binoboy,Cambodiana, Carabao, Corazont, Paho, Pahutan, Pico, Senora and Strawberry.

Polyembryonic Mango Varieties in Sri Lanka

Polyembryonic Mango Varieties in Thailand

Fa Lan, Fa Lan 97, Gow, Ma Muang Paa, Mempelam Siam, Mun, Nam Doc Mai, Nam Tan Teen, Nang Klarngwun, Nuwun Chan, Ok Rong

Polyembryonic Mango Varieties in Malaysia

Arumanis, Dunlop, Maha 165, Simpang Empat, Sungi Siput, Tok Boon

Polyembryonic Mango Varieties in USA

Atalafo (popular names - Champagne or Honey), Champagne or Honey, Florigon, Ono, Orange, Samini, Simmonds, Torbet, Turpentine, Wester

Polyembryonic Mango Varieties in Vietnam

Cambodiana, Micongensis, Xoài Buoi, Xoài Cat Hoa Loc, Xoài Thanh Ca, Xoài Túóng, Xoài Cat Chu, Xoài Cat Thom

The mango trees grown from the polyembryonic seeds produce their first fruit at 2 – 4 years age, however, the they will produce a reasonably good crop when they are around 7 years old.


Mango Tree Care

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Light

Young mango tree seedlings require bright light but not direct sunlight. Once the tree starts to grow and mature, it requires as much sunlight as possible, which may mean a potted tree needs to move outdoors. The mango tree needs at least six hours of sun per day and preferably eight to ten hours. It's best if you can place it in a south-facing area. In the winter, you might need to use a grow light.

A rich, peat-based potting soil with excellent drainage is ideal for potted trees. If you are planting your mango tree in the garden, make sure it is planted in soil that dries out slightly between waterings.

Water

Water regularly, several times a week in dry weather, but do not let the tree sit with wet feet in soggy soil. The mango tree, like many tropical fruit trees, thrives in periods of alternating wet and dry.

Temperature and Humidity

Mango trees prefer humidity above 50 percent mist an indoor tree daily if the air is dry. Keep your tree as warm as possible and always above 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Mango trees cannot tolerate freezing, and even at 40 degrees, flowers and fruit will drop. A mango tree can be grown outdoors in a garden in very warm climates where the average temperature is 80 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. If your summers are warm enough, you can move your indoor mango tree outdoors for the season.

Fertilizer

Feed with a weak liquid fertilizer throughout the growing season. Reduce fertilizing to once a month or so in the winter. During the blooming season, use a fertilizer that is lower in nitrogen and higher in potassium and phosphorus.


Watch the video: Mango seed germination using water - new method - TIME LAPSE