PHOTINIA: sow, plant, maintain, cuttings - JAIME JARDINER

PHOTINIA: sow, plant, maintain, cuttings - JAIME JARDINER

Photinia, magic of contrasts, magic of colors!

Photinia has a magical side that others do not ... This shrub in the colors of Christmas when new red shoots appear that contrast with the old ones, a beautiful shiny green almost metallic. It is a changeable shrub, with the umbel flowers appearing in April and May and most importantly, the "evolving" foliage, changing from bright red, to darker red, to brown, and finally to green. The spring flowering is relatively short, the umbels made up of thousands of small white or light pink flowers turn brown as they wither before being lost in the foliage.

Botanical name:

Photinia x fraseri

Plant info:

• Cycle: Perennial
• Foliage: Persistent
• Hardiness: hardy plant (-12 ° C)
• Family: Rosaceae - Rosaceae
• Harbor : compact tuft
• Exhibition: Sun to partial shade
• Sowing: autumn
• Plantation: Spring or fall
• Flowering: april to may
• Rooting: Roots
• Cultivation area: in the ground 8 to 10 (see France hardiness maps)
• Origin: Southeast Asia, North America and Central America.
• Melliferous plant: No


• The foliage wins out over all other qualities, in particular thanks to the evolution of colors according to the seasons. In addition there are several varieties with more or less marked colors, which in the case of the creation of a hedge can allow an even richer play of color….

What advantages in the garden?

• The shrub is very hardy.
• It resists winds well, although in the long run it may suffer in the case of recurring wind.
• Delicate flowering.

What exhibition?

Sun and partial shade.

What soil for photinia ?

• Any soil, rich and well drained.

When to sow

• In the fall, in October.

How to sow the seeds of photinia:

Sowings for Photinia are made in a cold frame in the fall. The cold frame, is an exterior frame, oriented to face the sun as long as possible during the day. To ensure effective seedlings, fill the frames with a good mixture of garden soil, well-rotted compost and / or potting soil. A little advice, depending on the crops that will be installed there. To ensure good development of the seedlings, loosen the soil in the garden deeply, before amending it.
• Sow your photinia seeds clearly.
• Using a pitchfork or rake, mix the seeds well with the soil, or cover the seeds with sowing soil, no more than 1 cm.
• Tamp with the back of the rake.
• Water.
• Cover the seeds and soil with a wintering veil.
• Close the chassis.
• When the sprouts emerge a few days / weeks later, open the frame slightly to strengthen the plants and then close it at night.

When to plant it?

• In the spring from April, or in the fall until November.

How to plant photinia:

• Work the soil at a spade height.
• Add sand, photinias like many plants like draining soils, and planting soil.
• Make a hole a little bigger and deeper than the root ball.
• Place a sand / soil mixture in the garden.
• Place the shrub and fill with a mixture of garden soil, sand, and potting soil.
• Tamp well.
• Water.

A word from the amateur gardener
In colder regions, prefer setting up in the spring. The shrub will have time to develop its roots in its new location and will survive the first winter all the better.

Multiplication of photinia:

• Multiplication by seed and by cuttings.

When to practice cuttings?

• In spring or autumn

Photinia cuttings:

• Cut stems 20 to 25 centimeters in length with ramifications (small branches).
• Remove all leaves from the lower part of the stem, the widest part.
• Keep only 2 pairs of leaves at the top of the branch. The leaves have 2 roles, one is the sap, and the other is to "nourish" the plant with the rays of the sun.
• Cut all branches at an angle.
• Prepare a mixture of planting soil and sand in a fairly deep pot.
• Plant the cutting, it should be sunk 10 to 15 centimeters.
• Always keep the soil moist.
• The first results can take a long time to appear… So be careful.

The advice of the amateur gardener
Did you know that there is organic cuttings hormone? It is a hormone that has the effect of activating the cells of the plant and allowing better success of the cutting. it suffices to cover, without excess, the part of the cutting that is going to be planted. If you have used this type of product before, please share your experience ... Thank you.

Maintenance of photinia:

In cold zone: do not hesitate to mulch the plants.
• Shape pruning: See the sheet: how to prune the photinia?


• The months of April and May.


Photinia x fraseri "Red Robin" : the most rustic, shoots a beautiful bright red, then dark red then turn green
Photinia x fraseri "Robusta compacta" : stockier, more bushy, and with darker red young shoots.

What to plant with?

• Plant the photinias with other hedge shrubs, barberry, syringe ...

Use ?

ATa garden: As a hedge, in a grove of shrubs or even solo.
• Without garden:
In large pots 40 to 50 centimeters in diameter and depth, choose more compact varieties.

Quick sheet:

  • Exhibition:
    Sun and partial shade
  • Ground :
    Any drained soil

  • Watering:
    Regular in pot.
  • Cut (HxW) :
    Up to 4 x 3 m

In the garden in April: what to plant, sow and do in April?

In April, it's spring, but beware, the saying "in April do not discover yourself by a thread" remains valid! No rush to anticipate too much sowing or planting at the risk of seeing your efforts wiped out by a somewhat late frost.

The earth heats up little by little, the buds and flower buds burst, however, as a precaution, keep protections on your most fragile plant species. Nothing is won yet, especially as the red moon, during the lunation after Easter, is conducive to nocturnal frosts which scorch the young shoots.

Trees and shrubs

  • Plant * a windbreak, a plant screen against noise, a hedge
  • Plant * non-evergreen trees and shrubs
  • Plant * the climbers bare-rooted or in a container.
  • Transplant * badly placed or bulky trees or shrubs
  • Remove * the snow from the evergreens
  • Clean bark remove mistletoe
  • Pick and force twigs of Japanese quince and forsythia to make bouquets
  • Feed * ornamental shrubs
  • Prune * bignones, wisteria, blackcurrants, ivies, virgin vines and summer flowering shrubs
  • Prune large trees
  • In harsh climate, strengthen the protection of camellias and persistent ceanoths
  • Multiply the currants
  • Perform * pruning in tadpole
  • Prune * and train pyracanthas
  • Destroy, tear off the stumps
  • Open * planting holes in evergreen trees or shrubs
  • Prune * and cut the boxwood
  • Graft * cryptomerias, cypresses, junipers, beeches, deciduous magnolias, mulberries and phillyreas vilmorinianas
  • In a mild climate, plant * cistus
  • Cut * star jasmines, poplars, willows and sumacs
South :
  • Plant * yellow albizias or Chinese loropétalums, callistemons, jacarandas and mimosas, clytostomas and wigandias caracasanas, grévilléas, brachychitons
  • Prune * eucalyptus trees
  • Sowing mimosa rootstocks
  • Cutting the tamarisks
  • Prune the erythrins
  • Cutting and planting * cat's claws

PHOTINIA: sow, plant, maintain, cuttings - JAIME JARDINER

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The olive tree enchants, just by pronouncing its name which evokes Provence and the Mediterranean.

The lifespan of the olive tree can exceed thousand years.

It is found in the Mediterranean region, but today it is also found on the Atlantic coasts in more temperate climate.

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Take a look at the lunar calendar for April to adapt your interventions to the days of flowers, roots, leaves and fruits.

The supply of summer flowers in garden centers and nurseries is enormous: do not go too fast to buy them if you are not in a lenient region, you might see them wiped out with a frost. On the other hand, take the opportunity to visit various and varied gardens and arboreta which reopen their doors for the summer season. They are also the source of events around the garden that you will find in the April garden calendar!


Install this plant purchased at the end of the year in a situation very bright, cool if possible (15-18 ° C). It is under these conditions that the berries persist for months on the plant. If the plant stays in a warmer room, increase humidity air by setting the pot on a bed of damp clay balls.

How to water it?

Moderately in winter, about twice a week, without letting water stand in the saucer.

How to keep it?

Increase watering in the spring and add liquid fertilizer every 15 days. Repot and practice a light pruning if necessary. Bring out the love apple tree in a sheltered, sunny location for the summer. Staying outdoors in summer favors flowering and the fruiting apple tree, which will bear new fruit the following fall.

How to multiply it?

Collect the ripe fruits and extract the seeds that will be sown in the spring. Sowing the love apple tree is very easy.

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