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Spanworm Control: Tips For Getting Rid Of Spanworms In Gardens

Spanworm Control: Tips For Getting Rid Of Spanworms In Gardens


By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden

Perhaps you’ve noticed damage on coming blooms of your blueberry or cranberry bushes. Other young trees in the landscape have large, irregular rips and tears in the foliage. The snowbush shrub you’ve so lovingly tended shows symptoms, even after surviving the winter or vacationing outside in spring. No perpetrators are apparent, but something has caused the damage. As you search for the culprit, consider that you may be seeing spanworm damage. You shriek as you find the disfigured, vandalized leaves.

“What are spanworms and how do I go about getting rid of spanworms before they strike again?” Read on to learn more about spanworms, their sneaky habits, and spanworm control.

About Spanworm Damage

While snowbush is among their favorite host plants, they will take up residence on others, such as cranberry bogs or blueberry bushes. Managing spanworms is possible when you know their forms and movement and how to scout for them. A member of the measuring worm or inchworm family, spanworms are related to the cutworm and, if not controlled, may cause similar damage to some plants and trees.

Black-marked worms hatch from tiny eggs, which are difficult to spot. The actual worm is a yellowish tan caterpillar that may not be visible at first glance. Most have slight green stripes, but stripes are sometimes black. Some types have white and black spots. There are numerous varieties, but all spanworms are masters of disguise and might not be visible without careful inspection.

They easily resemble a twig or other part of the plant. Spanworms may curl underneath plant leaves and wait until almost dark to come out and wreak destruction. A specific means of identification is a single pair of red legs, about midway along the worm. This gives them a looping instead of slithering movement, your best indication that you’ve found a spanworm (inchworm family).

This larval stage, as caterpillars, is when they create the most damage. A light infestation may weaken your plant, but heavy concentrations can kill the host. Florida, for example, has experienced problems with this pest for many years.

Getting Rid of Spanworms

Pick these off when you find them and toss into a container of soapy water. If you see numerous pests, beef up your beneficial insect populations by adding soldier bugs and ground beetles. Attract birds to your landscape for further help.

Chemical treatments are not usually needed. If you believe your spanworm attack warrants chemical control, consult an Agricultural Chemicals Manual for the crop they are affecting or call your local county extension office. Chemicals will also eliminate pollinators and beneficial insects.

The caterpillars turn into unusual, day-flying moths on some types, about an inch long. With yellow and brown speckles, adults are usually spotted from May through July, depending on location. If not dealt with while young, they will only repeat the life cycle each season.

This article was last updated on


Elm spanworms invade Assiniboine Avenue in downtown Winnipeg

Just as you were getting use to the wave of forest tent caterpillars across the city, elm spanworms have been found in Winnipeg.

The spanworms were found on Assiniboine Avenue Wednesday afternoon.

The caterpillars are capable of stripping the leaves from big shade trees and they can reproduce at an impressive rate, each female capable of laying as many as 250 eggs.

To rid masses of elm spanworm eggs from trees, homeowners can cleave twigs and little branches from trees.

Dousing leaves with BTK to control worms is another approach, but because rain washes it away homeowners must reapply the product following a downpour.

Woman killed, six injured in stabbings in and around North Vancouver library

Police believe young woman in Brampton, Ont., was kidnapped from home

White teacher interrupts anti-racism talk to argue, swear at Black presenter in front of students

Doctor charged with murder after multiple deaths at Hawkesbury, Ont., hospital

Video shows Halifax officer pointing weapon, yelling something 'unacceptable' at man with hands up

Woman killed, six injured in stabbings in and around North Vancouver library

VANCOUVER — A woman is dead and six others have been injured in a stabbing attack inside and around a library on Saturday in North Vancouver, B.C. Sgt. Frank Jang of the Integrated Homicide Investigation Team said a suspect in his 20s is in custody. The man has had interactions with police in the past and has a criminal record, he said. Jang said investigators don't have any information yet about a motive. "Obviously the question is why did this happen, I understand. We believe we know the how, the what, the where and the when. It is our job now to determine why," he told a news conference near where the attacks happened. "That is going to be the number 1 question for us." Jang said he isn't sure if the man sustained any injuries during arrest, but he is alive. "The North Vancouver RCMP rushed as quickly as possible to the scene and they came upon a very disturbing scene. We have multiple victims of a stabbing." Steve Mossop and his partner stopped when they saw a woman who was covered in blood while they were driving on Lynn Valley Road next to the library. He said they thought she'd been in a car accident but she told them she'd just been stabbed by a man. Mossop said he and his partner saw several victims within about 100 metres of each other. "It seemed like he was just running in a direction, whoever was in his path happened to be victimized," he said. "There was a man, there was an older woman, there was a younger woman, a mom. A random group of individuals in the wrong place at the wrong time." Mossop said they later saw someone being held down on the ground by police. B.C. Emergency Health Services says a call came in just after 1:45 p.m. and 11 ambulances and two supervising vehicles were sent to the scene. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau issued a statement on Twitter: "To everyone affected by this violent incident in Lynn Valley, know that all Canadians are keeping you in our thoughts and wishing a speedy recovery to the injured." Public Safety Minister Bill Blair expressed shock and sadness at what happened in a tweet, calling it a "senseless act of violence." Jonathan Wilkinson, the MP for North Vancouver and minister of environment and climate change, said he was shaken by the attack. “This library has been a secure place for families to gather in the Lynn Valley community for years,” he said in a statement. “Until today, it was unimaginable that such a senseless act of violence could have occurred in the very heart of it.” Jang said every available homicide detective is working on the case. He made a plea for any information from people who may have been in the area on Saturday afternoon. "Everything little thing is important on this one. If you heard anything, if you were here and you saw the man that was taken into custody, if you heard him saying anything or whatever the case may be, we need you to come forward." This report by The Canadian Press was first published March 27, 2021. Brenna Owen, The Canadian Press

'Stronger' measures needed across Canada to suppress COVID-19 resurgence: Tam

OTTAWA — Canada's chief public health officer warned Saturday that current health orders are not enough to stop rapid growth of COVID-19, as provinces push ahead with plans to reopen their economies. Longer-range forecast models predict a resurgence of COVID-19 infections unless public health measures are enhanced and strictly followed, Dr. Theresa Tam said in a written statement. "With increasing circulation of highly contagious variants, the threat of uncontrolled epidemic growth is significantly elevated," she said. Tam said public health orders across Canada need to be stronger, stricter and sustained long enough to control the rise of variants of concern. High infection rates in the most populous provinces are driving up the country's average daily case counts, she said. Quebec reported more than 1,000 new infections on Saturday for the first time since mid-February, a day after the province reopened gyms and spas in red zones, including Montreal. The province's government-mandated public health institute also warned on Friday that more transmissible variants would represent the majority of infections in Quebec by the first week of April.Premier Francois Legault told reporters he wasn't ready to reverse decisions to reopen gyms or to allow places of worship to welcome up to 250 people.In Ontario, new cases topped 2,400 for the first time since January.The Registered Nurses Association of Ontario released a statement Saturday urging Premier Doug Ford to scale back reopening plans, including the scheduled reopening of personal care services, such as hair salons, on April 12 in regions of the province that are in "grey-lockdown" zones. The province's own modelling projections indicate highly contagious variants could see daily case counts balloon, while COVID-19 patients are already occupying Ontario's intensive care beds at levels "well above the threshold at which hospitals say they can cope," the statement said.Gyms in Ontario will be allowed to offer outdoor fitness classes and personal training in the lockdown zones starting Monday. Earlier changes allowed outdoor restaurant dining to resume in those zones, including Toronto, and increased indoor capacity limits for restaurants in other regions. British Columbia reported 908 new COVID-19 infections on Friday, among the highest daily totals in that province since the pandemic began. Provincial health officer Dr. Bonnie Henry announced Thursday she would ease restrictions on visits to long-term care homes, where most staff and residents have been vaccinated. Limited indoor religious services will also be allowed starting Sunday through May 13 to allow for the observation of holidays including Passover, Easter and Ramadan.In Alberta, rising hospitalization rates and variant cases have delayed reopening plans that would have included relaxed restrictions on worship services, entertainment venues and adult team sports.That province counted 668 new cases of COVID-19 on Saturday, of which the chief medical officer of health said 207 were variants of concern. This report by The Canadian Press was first published March 27, 2021. The Canadian Press

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Sask. Health Authority reminds residents in south west, south east zones to get tested, vaccinated

The Saskatchewan Health Authority is reminding residents in the south west and south east zones of the province to get tested for COVID-19 and to get vaccinated when eligible. The reminder comes as the Regina region brings in more strict public health orders starting Sunday, and as the SHA warns of variants of concern on the rise in the Moose Jaw area. The health authority said the patient booking system for vaccines is available for anyone over 62 years of age, including people living in border communities and people without Saskatchewan health cards, like newcomers to Canada. People who are not yet eligible for a vaccine are allowed to book a vaccine appointment on behalf of someone who is eligible. "With the recent rise in variants of concern (VOC) in Saskatchewan, it is important that we do not let our guard down," said Dr. Jason Gatzke, a family physician in Swift Current, in a news release. "Getting tested will help ensure you protect yourself, and those around you as well." The release also reminds people to follow the public health orders, get tested if you're not feeling well and to download the COVID-19 Alert app.

White teacher interrupts anti-racism talk to argue, swear at Black presenter in front of students

A Black man says a white teacher with the Lester B. Pearson school board interrupted his anti-racism presentation about the history of the N-word and swore at him. Omari Newton, a Quebec educator and actor, organized virtual assemblies this week with the goal of teaching Grade 10 students about the origins and implications of the N-word. The school board had asked Newton to prepare online presentations as part of its anti-racism week initiative. The school had committed to addressing the issue of racism, after two students who attend John Rennie High school posted an offensive video on social media last summer. The video featured blackface, racial slurs and derogatory statements about Black people. On Thursday, Newton had reached the part of his workshop that dealt with a book by author Pierre Vallières, the title of which contains the N-word. Vallières was a leader within the Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ) who committed acts of terror. Vallières' book drew parallels between the plight of French-speaking Quebecers and the civil rights struggle of African Americans. According to Newton, he started explaining to students that the parallel was not a fair and valid one, and that's when he says the white teacher cut him off and began to argue. An administrator tried to defuse the situation, Newton said. CBC has not viewed a recording of the virtual assembly. Newton says he continued with his presentation, stating that the topic is relevant because many people, including the premier, deny that systemic racism exists in the province. He says it was then that the teacher swore at him. "Obviously, it's shocking. This is a Zoom with hundreds of students and staff. It's incredibly disrespectful, and I think it is a form of white privilege and racism," Newton said. The Lester B. Pearson School Board sent out a letter to parents following the incident, calling it 'inappropriate, unprofessional, and most importantly, disrespectful towards our guest presenter.'(Charles Contant/CBC) Newton said the teacher told him he had enjoyed the presentation up to the point where he mentioned Vallières. "To me this is an example of unconscious bias. He was totally fine with the presentation until he was implicated, until Quebec was brought up. This is when he spoke up," he said, adding that he believes the teacher was a French-speaking Quebecer. "Here we have a white man cursing off a Black man who's presenting to a school. It's unacceptable. I don't know if he would do that to a white presenter. Maybe he would. But too often does this happen to us as people of colour." 'Inappropriate, unprofessional' says school board In a letter sent to parents, the school board described reaction of the staff member as "disconcerting and understandably upsetting." "Today's comments by the staff member were inappropriate, unprofessional, and most importantly, disrespectful towards our guest presenter," the letter stated. "It was wholly inappropriate for an exchange of this nature to take place during an assembly with students." A board spokesperson would not comment on whether this staff member is still teaching, or if he has been disciplined for his actions. Newton says the encounter was disheartening, but he also says it's motivating him to keep speaking out about racism. "My resolve to do this work has increased," Newton said. "It's reminded me of why it's important to do this work and have these conversations. There are people who have unconscious biases and don't even realize [it]."

Ronaldo rages after no goal and no VAR in 2-2 draw at Serbia

BELGRADE, Serbia — Cristiano Ronaldo ripped off his captain’s armband and tossed it onto the field as he stomped off in disgust after Portugal’s 2-2 draw at Serbia in World Cup qualifying on Saturday. In a split second, Ronaldo had gone from savoring a last-gasp winner for his country to protesting what he considered a refereeing oversight with no video review available. The Portugal star came oh-so-close to scoring a stoppage-time goal when Serbia defender Stefan Mitrovic slid and swept the ball to apparent safety. For Ronaldo, the ball had completely crossed the line. For Dutch referee Danny Makkelie it had not, and he rewarded Ronaldo’s complaints with a yellow card. The incident will no doubt be used by fans of video review to argue for VAR in qualifying matches for the world’s most important soccer tournament. For 10-man Serbia, it was the perfect ending to an inspired fightback from a two-goal deficit. For Diogo Jota, Portugal should have done more with the two goals he scored in the first half. “It looked like the hard part was done, but then they changed the system in the second half, scored quickly, and built on from there,” Jota said. “At 15 minutes into the second half, we have already let Serbia draw. We had to kill the game.” Serbia and Portugal were left with four points each atop Europe’s Group A. Luxembourg is next with three points after it stunned Ireland with a 1-0 victory in Dublin. That left Ireland and Azerbaijan with zero points. Portugal looked ready to roll to a convincing win after Jota scored two headers. The Liverpool forward got Portugal going in the 11th with a run to the left post where Bernardo Silva found him with a perfectly placed cross. Ronaldo helped by drawing in three Serbia defenders before laying off for the unmarked Silva on the right side of the box. Serbia tried to respond through the runs by left back Filip Kostic and the playmaking of midfielder Dusan Tadic. But the hosts never seriously threatened Anthony Lopes’ net before Jota made it 2-0. This time it was for right back Cédric to send a cross to the heart of the box where Jota separated from Nikola Milenkovic and sliced a glancing header off the post and into the net in the 36th. The double gave Jota five goals in 11 international appearances. But Serbia got back into the match after coach Dragan Stojkovic made two changes at halftime. Substitute Nemanja Radonjic needed less than a minute to pass for Aleksandar Mitrovic to head home and set a Serbia national team record with his 39th international goal. On Wednesday, Mitrovic came off the bench to score a pair of second-half goals to rally Serbia for a 3-2 win over Ireland. Serbia pressed for an equalizer, and Lopes had to stretch to palm Tadic’s strike over his bar in the 54th. But Lopes was beaten in the 60th when Serbia mounted a counterattack, with the ball flowing forward from Tadic to Radonjic, who played Filip Kostic clear to slot the ball home. Ronaldo was denied his chance to play the hero shortly after Serbia defender Nikola Milenkovic saw a direct red card for a dangerous studs-first tackle of Danilo. KENNY QUESTIONS Gerson Rodrigues sunk the Irish in the 85th minute when the Luxembourg midfielder rifled in a shot from outside the area into the corner of the net. The embarrassing defeat will put more pressure on coach Stephen Kenny, who has yet to steer Ireland to a victory in 10 games in charge. ___ More AP soccer: https://apnews.com/hub/soccer and https://twitter.com/AP_Sports The Associated Press

OPP calls murder charge against doctor a 'traumatic experience' for Hawkesbury

A day after a Hawkesbury, Ont., doctor was charged with murder, Ontario Provincial Police are meeting with the families of those impacted by news of the investigation into multiple suspicious deaths at the eastern Ontario hospital where he works. Dr. Brian Nadler, 35, who lives in Dollard-des-Ormeaux, Que., was charged with one count of first-degree murder on Friday, a day after Ontario Provincial Police were called to the Hawkesbury and District General Hospital. Nadler, a specialist in internal medicine, remains in custody. "For the people who live in Hawkesbury, our heartfelt sympathies go out to, not only to the families directly impacted by this, but we understand this is a traumatic experience for everyone," OPP spokesperson Bill Dickson told CBC News on Saturday. Dickson confirmed the one murder charge and that police are "looking at other recent suspicious deaths." However, he said police can't release the name of the person who died, or provide any information on the families of the others considered suspicious deaths. Brian Nadler, 35, who's been charged with first-degree murder in the OPP investigation of the hospital deaths, lives in Quebec. He also previously lived in Alberta and Saskatchewan.(Professional Association of Resident Physicians of Alberta) Nadler's arrest prompted Hawkesbury Mayor Paula Assaly on Friday to ask people to remain calm and not be afraid to seek care at the hospital, which is located between Ottawa and Montreal. On Saturday, Dickson called the hospital case a "one-off" and said the public shouldn't be worried. Patient says arrest 'a big shock' But Francoise Pilon Poisson of L'Orignal, Ont., is among Nadler's former patients who say they're shaken by the news. Pilon said Nadler took care of her in December, and at the time, she fully trusted him with her health. "It's still bothering me a lot because it's like a big shock to me, because I never would have think you would do something like that. I didn't sleep last night," said Pilon. Nadler's lawyer told CBC News this week that his client maintains his innocence. The next court appearance for Nadler, who lives in the western Montreal suburb of Dollard-Des-Ormeaux, is set for April 6. WATCH | OPP speak on its investigation of other suspicous deaths at the hospital. The OPP said more information will be released when it becomes available and routine activity at the hospital will not be affected. Dickson wouldn't confirm to CBC News whether OPP are working with other law enforcement agencies on the investigation. The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario said it will immediately look into the "extraordinarily disturbing allegations." Ontario's Officer of the Chief Coroner is also involved in the investigation. Ex-Reno colleague calls Nadler compassionate Nadler has been licensed in Ontario since Feb. 4, 2020. He graduated from Montreal's McGill University in 2010, then went to the University of Alberta for surgery and internal medicine until 2014, according to an online database listing his post-graduate training. OPP were called to Hawkesbury and District General Hospital, between Ottawa and Montreal, on Thursday as part of their investigation.(Joe Tunney/CBC)He was a resident at the University of Saskatchewan's medical school from July 2014 to September 2018, the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Saskatchewan told CBC in an email. During that time, he faced two unprofessional conduct charges, the college said. Documents show one charge was for allegedly calling a female colleague a "bitch" after an argument and telling someone else he "felt like slapping" that colleague. Another charge involved patient record-keeping. The incidents linked to both charges allegedly occurred the same day in August 2014. The college said he apologized and took a pair of courses about ethics and record-keeping. It did not proceed any further with the charges. From Sept. 24, 2018, to Sept. 23, 2019, Nadler worked as a geriatric fellow at the University of Nevada, Reno School of Medicine, the university confirmed in an email. A former University of Nevada colleague told The Canadian Press on Saturday that Nadler was compassionate with patients. Dr. Ahmed Hanfy, who trained with Nadler for about nine months, said while Nadler had a tendency to argue with other physicians, the disagreements were confined to medical matters like the best course of treatment. Hanfy also said he couldn't recall any red flags related to Nadler's behaviour.


What Are Spanworms – Learn About Managing Spanworms In The Garden - garden

Volume 1, number 1, Fall 1948
New Insect Causes Apple Damage by Philip Garman
Blame for Baffling Tobacco Disease Laid to Nematodes by Paul J. Anderson
Science Discovers Some New Tools for Lawn Insect Control by John C. Schread
Should We Stop Cultivating?

Volume 1, number 2, Spring 1949
Chemotherapy Gets to the Heart of the Matter by Albert E. Dimond
New Lettuce Disease Gains Prominence by Saul Rich
Wood Lasts Years Longer with Preservatives by Henry W. Hicock
Determination of Vitamins in Feeds Simplified by New Extractor by Hubert B. Vickery
What Makes a Sticker Stick? by Philip Garman
Potatoes and DDT by Neely Turner

Volume 2, number 1 Fall 1949
Crops in Circles for Research by Saul Rich
Analyses of Foods and Feeds Protect Public by Richard T. Merwin
What’s Under the Trees? By Herbert A. Lunt
New Corn Plant Keeps Its Tassels in Hybridization Process by Donald F. Jones
Nuclear Radiation Serve Agriculture by Albert E. Dimond
Mist Blowers by Roger B. Friend and Samuel F. Potts

Volume 2, number 2, Spring 1950
Bringing Back the Chestnut by Arthur Harmount Graces
How Liquids Move Through Wood by John P. Krier
Copper in Tobacco Production by T.R. Swanback
Corn Plants Go Underground in Growth Studies by Walton C. Galinat
New Laboratory Techniques Speed Pesticide Experiments by Neely Turner
Chemotherapy a ‘Natural’ for Carnation Wilt by Ernest M. Stoddard

Volume 3, number 1, Special 1950
U.S. Agriculture 1875-1950
Connecticut Agriculture 1875-1950
Science: 1875-1950
Seventy-Five Years of Scientific Discovery
Who’s Who Among The Speakers

Volume 3, number 2, Spring 1951
What Makes a Good Insecticide? Habrobracon Gives a Clue by Raimon L. Beard
The Role of the Chemist in Civilian Defense by Harry J. Fisher
Tobacco Curing Research in Connecticut by A. Boyd Pack
The Gets Weighed and Measured by C.L.W. Swanson
Chemotherapy Scores Again by Ernest M. Stoddard

Volume 4, number 1, Fall 1951
Verticillum Wilt Disease of the Potato by W. Graham Keyworth
New Hope for the Elms by Albert E. Dimond
The Tools of Science: Chromatography by Hubert B. Vickery
The Connecticut Charcoal Kiln by Henry W. Hicock
Wood is a Soil Builder? By Herbert A. Lunt
Scientist Behind the Scientist

Volume 4, number 2, Spring 1951
What Goes Into a Good Cigar? By T.R. Swanback,
Insect Resistance to Insecticides by Raimon L. Beard,
That Bloomin’ Lake, by Albert E. Dimond, Hybrid Vigor in Flowers by Donald F. Jones
Tools of Science: Tree Volume Tables by Henry W. Hicock
The Station’s Outdoor Laboratory – The Mt. Carmel Farm

Volume 5, number 1, Fall 1952
The Tools of Science: An experimental Cultivator by C.L.W. Swanson
Soil Conditioners Awaken New Interest in Soils by C.L.W. Swanson
Busy Nursery Inspectors Protect Public
New Spray Equipment for Helicopter by Roger B. Friend
The Birth of a New Spray by James G. Horsfall and Saul Rich
Carbon Removes Off-Flavor by Neely Turner

Volume 5, number 2, Spring 1953
Testing for Poisons at the Experiment Station by Harry J. Fisher
Control of Tobacco Suckering - with Maleic Hydrazide by E.L. Petersen
The Chemistry of Tobacco Curing and Fermentation by Hubert B. Vickery
The Seed Testing Story by Frances W. Meyer
Control of Tobacco Suckering with Mineral Oil by A. Boyd Pack
The Tools of Science: Radioactive Tracers by Albert E. Dimond
'Borer - Resistant' Corn by Neely Turner

Volume 6, number 1, Fall 1953
The Gypsy Moth Outbreak by Neely Turner
The Tools of Science: Automatic Collection of Chemical Fractions by Hubert B. Vickery
Information, Please! By Ruth Giandonato
Woodchips, Sawdust and Sewage Sludge for Soil Improvement by Herbert A. Lunt
Hemlock in Connecticut by Jerry S. Olson
Raising Mosquitoes Indoors by Amanda Quackenbush

Volume 6, number 2, Spring 1954
Sprays for Plant Diseases Is the Strongest One the Best? By Saul Rich
Freaks in the Corn Field by Donald F. Jones
The Pests That Feed On Trees and Shrubs by John C. Schread
The Insect Resistance Problem by Neely Turner
The Tools of Science: The Emission Spectrograph by W.T. Mathis

Volume 7, number 1, Fall 1954
The Experiment Station Fights Tobacco Blue Mold by Gordon S. Taylor
The Right Spray Gives a Better-Flavored Apple by Philip Garman
Plant disease Controlled by Radiation Paul E. Waggoner
Report on the Gypsy Moth by Neely Turner
Chemotherapy Checks Lettuce Disease by Saul Rich

Volume 7, number 2, Spring 1955
75 Years Ago by Ruth Giandonato
New Developments in Control of Vegetable Insects
Our Connecticut Clay Soils by Tsnuneo Tamura
New Insecticides Control Aphids, Scales and Mites by John C. Schread
Heredity and Environment: Shor-cut study shows how both affected hemlock growth by Hans Niedstadt and Jerry S. Olson
Bread, Milk and Vitamin Pills, New Lab will check their vitamin content by Harry J. Fisher

Volume 8, number 1, Fall 1955
Chestnut Breeding : A Progress Report by Arthur H. Graves
The Mystery of the Missing Mercury by Albert E. Dimond
Let's Look at the Roots by Henry C. DeRoo
Safeguarding Our Food Supply by Neely Turner
Osborne Library Dedicated. E.V. McCollum Reviews the Contributions Made Here by Thomas B. Osborne

Volume 8, number 2, Spring 1956
Do We Need to Cultivate by C.L.W. Swanson
Fertilizer Analysis since the 1850's by H. J. Fisher
We Need New Ways to Fight Insects by Raimon L. Beard
Highway Life Lines by Henry W. Hicock
Tobacco Researchers Look Ahead by Gordon S. Taylor

Volume 9, number 1, Fall 1956
Station Entomologists Help Us Live With Insects by Neely Turner
Soils and Climatology Research Finds New Frontiers by Paul E. Waggoner
Plant Diseases…Perennial threat to Our Food Supply by Albert E. Dimond
Cigar Tobacco Goes Modern by Albert E. Dimond
Forestry Research Began in 1900 by Henry W. Hicock
Genetics Research Gives Better Plants by Donald F. Jones
Analytical … Cornerstone of the Station by Harry J. Fisher
The Gamble in Research ..History Shows That Basic Findings Lead to Entirely Unexpected Results by Hubert B. Vickery

Volume 9, number 2, Spring 1957
A Forest is More Than Trees by Jerry S. Olson
Insects, Birds and Man by Robert C. Wallis
The Suburban Forest Henry W. Hicock
Soils, Suburbs and Scientists by W.L. Slate and Paul E. Waggoner
Algae: Friend or Foe? By Bruce C. Parker
Breeding Better Trees by Donald F. Jones
Our Trees Go to Town by Albert E. Dimond

Volume 10, number 1, Fall 1957
Food Labels - Fads and Facts by Harry J. Fisher
Field Days Help Growers and Scientists
Wisdom is better Than Rubies by Hubert B. Vickery
New Alfalfa Pest Arrives by Richard J. Quinton
Owen Nolan Honored

Volume 10, number 2, Spring 1958
Where Do We Stand On Gypsy Moth Control? By Neely Turner
What Makes an Insect a Pest? By Richard J. Quinton
Ecology and Caterpillars by Robert C. Wallis
On Living with Insects by Neely Turner
Enemies of Insects Can Be Our Allies by Raimon L. Beard

Volume 11, number 1, Fall 1958
Now We Can Cure Sick Plants by Ernest M. Stoddard
Hemlock Seedlings… Getting Them Off to a Good Start by Henry W. Hicock
Nematodes Meet Something New Search for Practical Control Leads to Unexpected Discovery by Bruce B. Miner
What Fertilizer For Your Lawn? Experiments Compare Nitrogen Sources by H.G.M. Jacobson
Plotting the Course of Research by Neely Turner
Plastic Topcoats for Plants How They Work and How Often by Paul E. Waggoner

Volume 11, number 2, Spring 1959
Irrigation and the Water Budget of Soils by David E. Hill
What We Can Learn From a Weed by Harry T. Stinson, Jr.
Slate Laboratory
We Face Uncomfortable Decisions by Raimon L. Beard
"I Want You to Serve" by Charles G. Morris

Volume 12, number 1, Fall 1959
Russia Revisited by Christopher Bingham
Chemotherapy Breaks Par by Ernest M. Stoddard and Raymond J. Lukensnd
50 Years in Retrospect by Ernest M. Stoddard
A 20-Year Record on treated Poles by A.R. Olson
What the Tobacco Plant Does to Ozone by Seaward A. Sand
Research in Nutrition by Lester Hankin

Volume 12, number 2, Spring 1960
Analytical Chemists Have Key Role in Research and Regulation by Lloyd G. Keirstead
Donald Jones Retires by Bruce B. Miner
Close-Planted Corn Needs Built-in Shade Tolerance by Harry T. Stinson, Jr. and Dale Moss
Air-Conditioned Tobacco by Saul Rich
Research on Parade August 10 1960 Field Day to Show How Station Serves You and Your Neighbors
More Mosquitoes This Summer? By Robert C. Wallis

Volume 13, number 1, Fall 1960
New Materials Control Crabgrass by John F. Ahrens and A.R. Olson
A Slight Case of Rebellion by James G.Horsfall and Mrs. Allan F. Kitchel
Climate Control (Garden Variety) by Paul E. Waggoner
How Nature Controls Defoliators by Stephen Hitchcock
World Authorities Meet in Vienna to Discuss Research on Insects by Neely Turner
The Search for New Ways To Produce Hybrid Tomato Seed by Carl D. Clayberg

Volume 13, number 2, Spring 1961
Understanding Height Growth of Trees by Stephen Collins
New Light on Processes of the Living Leaf by Israel Zelitch
Climatologists Look Back to Make Predictions by Christopher Bingham
The Riddle of Apical Bleach by Lloyd V. Edgington

Volume 14, number 1, Fall 1961
Organic Acids Key Substances of Plant Biochemistry by Hubert B. Vickery
Tobacco Laboratory Important to Valley by Gordon S. Taylor
Geneticists Fashion Better Plants for Better Living by Harry T. Stinson, Jr.
Better Understanding of Plant Environment Useful in Field and Forest by Paul E. Waggoner
Finding Answers for Those Who Need to Know
Finding New Ways to Control Disease by Albert E. Dimond
Putting Plants in Their Places
Analytical Chemists - They Take Things Apart For Protection of the Consumer by Harry J. Fisher
Like the Eye of a Fly, Insect Control has many Faces by Neely Turner

Volume 14. number 2, Spring 1962
Dutch Elm Disease controlled by Chemotherapy by Albert E. Dimond
Cicadas Coming
Control of the Vectors by Charles C. Doane
Wanted: Amateurs by Neely Turner
The Many Faces of Conservation by Paul E. Waggoner
Green Devils in Your Backyard by Robert C. Wallis

Volume 15, number 1, Fall 1962
Aquatic Insects and DDT by Stephen Hitchcock
Beetles and Borers Adapt and Survive: Can We Do More than Observe? By Raimon L. Beard
Pathologists Test A New Way to Fight Fungi With Fungi by Bruce B. Miner
How Better Forest Management Can Help Control Gypsy Moths by Neely Turner
Phenols, Potatoes, and A Possibility of Redder Roses, Sturdier Trees by Patrick M. Miller

Volume 15, number 2, Spring 1963
75 Years of Productive Research in Plant Pathology and Botany by Albert E. Dimond
A Natural Control of Wireworms by James B. Dring
Getting Apple Trees Off to a Good Start by Patrick M. Miller

Volume 16, number 1, Fall 1963
Giant Molecules In and On Clays by Charles R. Frink
From Studies in Genetics New Ways to Make New Plants by Bruce B. Miner
Fighting The Face Fly by Raimon L.Beard
Study Shows Efficiency Of Red Pine Stand by George R. Stephens, Jr.

Volume 16, number 2, Spring 1964
Our Crops Are Like Canaries by Saul Rich
Residue Determination by Gas Chromatography by Lloyd G. Keirstead
Can We Control succession In Field and Forest? by J. Philip Grime
Bacillus thuringiensis Problems and Prospects by Charles C. Doane

Volume 17, number 1, Fall 1964
Antidote for Herbicides activated carbon "blots them up" when unwanted by John F. Ahrens
New Ways to Repel Aphids by James B. Kring
Water or Forest can we have all we need of both? by John D Hewlett
Getting Rid of Waste Water soil survey maps are used to predict success by David E.Hill

Volume 17. number 2, Spring 1965
Can Blue Light Control Early Blight? by Raymond J. Lukens
7000,000 Species of Insects, One of People by Raimon L. Beard
The Light of Other Days: photos from the station collections
Creating New Ornamentals by Carl D. Clayberg
Leaf "Fingerprints" Identify Varieties by Ernest M. Stoddard

Volume 18, number 1, Fall 1965
How Do Fungi Overcome Disease Resistance in Plants by Peter R. Day
Research Underlies Diagnosis of Plant Disorders by Frances W. Meyer
Rearing Gypsy Moths in the Laboratory by David E. Leonard and Charles C. Doane
Listing Plant Names and Namers punched cards and electronic devices speed publication by Dorothy E. Noyce

Volume 18, number 2, Spring 1966
The Thin Wax Film of Leaves by Pappachan E. Kolattukudy
Marvels at Our Feet by Liberty Hyde Bailey
Malthus Thwarted - So Far by James G. Horsfall
What Holds Leaf Cells Together? By H.Paul Rasmussen

Volume 19, number 1, Fall 1966
Chitin Protects Nematode Larvae by Sven E. Wihrheim
15 Billion Midges - More or Less by Stephen Hitchcock and John F. Anderson
Connecticut Lakes Accumulate Nutrients by Charles R. Frink

Volume 19, number 2, Spring 1967
A Layman's View of Research by Percy Maxim Lee
Wooden "Apples" Lure Costly Pest by Ronald J. Prokopy
Low-Sugar Disease "Melts Out" Bluegrass by Raymond J. Lukens

Volume 20, number 1, Fall 1967
Plants Speed Formation of Soil by Brij L. Sawhney
Our Gasping Plants by Saul Rich
Native Shrubs for Variety by George R. Stephens, Jr.

Volume 20, number 2, Spring 1968
Reducing Evaporation From a Forest by Neil C. Turner
Can We Make Plants With More Efficient Photosynthesis? By Peter R. Day and Israel Zelitch
Quick Test reveals Contamination By "Cold-Loving" Bacteria (in refrigerated foods) by Lester Hankin
Activated Carbon Adsorbs Pesticides by John F. Ahrens and James B. Kring
Day Length governs Seasonal Cycle of Mosquitoes by John F. Anderson
Precise Analytical Steps Give Consumer the Facts by J. Gordon Hanna
Gypsy Moths Respond to Crowding by David E. Leonard

Volume 21, number 1, Fall 1968
Hopes and Fears for the Year 2000 by Walter Sullivan
Breeding Better Tomatoes by Carl D. Clayberg
Plants As Air Purifiers by Saul Rich

Volume 21, number 2, Spring 1969
New Wealth From Corn Genes by Peter R. Day
Enzymes Control Cell Chemistry by Kenneth R. Hanson
Farm Nutrient Budgets and Water Pollution by Charles R. Frink

Volume 22, number 1, Fall 1969
One View of a Citizens' Experiment Station by Bruce B. Miner
Computer, Forest, and Fungus by Paul E. Waggoner
How Plants Grow From a Single Cell - Regulation Is the Key by Milton Zucker
Delta-Winged Combatants of the Salt Marsh by John F. Anderson

Volume 22, number 2, Spring 1970
Our Tidal Marshes - What Are They Made Of? By David E. Hill
How Plants trap Ozone by Saul Rich and Harley Tomlinson
The Wily Cockroach by Robert E.B. Moore

Volume 23, number 1, Fall 1970
Corn Blight by Peter R. Day
Crop Improvement of cucumbers by Control of Sex by William L. George
Response of Aphids to Color and Light from theory to practical application by James B. Kring
A New test for Detecting Lead Poisoning in Children by Lester Hankin and Kenneth R. Hanson

Volume 23, number 2, Spring 1971
Infectious and Saprophytic Bacteria by David C. Sands
50th Year for Valley Laboratory by Gordon S. Taylor
Bumblebees Help Plant Breeders by Richard A. Jaynes
How Plants and Soil Muffle Noise by Donald E. Aylor
Stomata and the Potassium Pump in Plants by Brij L. Sawhney and Israel Zelitch

Volume 24, number 1, Fall 1971
The Purifying Power of Soil by David E. Hill
Plants, Oxygen, and People by Gary H. Heichel
Focusing on New Ways to Control Defoliators by John F.Anderson

Volume 24, number 2, Spring 1972
Soft-rot Research Yields Liquid Garbage by Lester Hankin
Searching for Ozone Resistance in Tomato Varieties by Carl D. Clayberg
Parasite Comes to Our Aid in controlling Spanworms by Harry K. Kaya

Volume 25, number 1, Fall 1972
We Can Reclaim Plant Nutrients From Many "Waste" Materials by Bruce B. Miner
Increasing Plant Productivity by Slowing Respiration by Israel Zelitch
Report on Defoliators by John F. Anderson
Rubbish Mulches for Petunias by Patrick M. Miller

Volume 25, number 2, Spring 1973
A Natural Control of Termites by Raimon L. Beard
Soil Recycles Carbon Monoxide by Gary H. Heichel
Meat Product Analyses Increase Fourfold by J. Gordon Hanna

Volume 26, number 1, Fall 1973
New Caterpillar Pests - Now It's the Red-Humped Oakworm by Paul Gough
Tissue culture - Plant Breeding Without Sowing Seed by Peter R. Day
Sludge Helps Plants Grow But Is It Safe To Use? By Wendell Norvell and Brij Sawhney

Volume 26, number 2, Spring 1974
Piecing together the lead puzzle by Lester Hankin
Aphids: tiny and confusing by James B. Kring
Water movement in soil: up, down, and around by J.-Y. Parlange

Volume 27, volume 1, Fall 1974
The two-lined chestnut borer killer of oaks in Connecticut by Dennis Dunbar and George Stephens
Septic systems - How long do they Last? By David E. Hill and Charles R. Frink
Bluegrasses for green lawns by Raymond J Lukens

Volume 27, volume 2, Spring 1975
Injections control peach diseases by David C. Sands and Gerald S. Walton
Food Additives are Elusive by Paul Gough
Beetles are on the rise again
Accounting for energy use in food production by Gary H. Heichel

Volume 28, number 1, Fall 1975
A Century of plant science means greater crop yields by Paul Gough
Nematodes in the home garden by Patrick M. Miller and Saul Rich
Producing Mutant Plants to Increase Food Production by Joseph C. Polacco
Fortifying fermented foods using mutant bacteria … how it is done by Lester Hankin and David Sands

Volume 28, number 2, Spring 1976
Physics and Inset Pheromones by Donald E. Aylor
Improving a Wasp Parasite to Control the Gypsy Moth by Ronald M. Weseloh
Biological Control of Blight May Revive the Chestnut by Richard A. Jaynes
Chestnut Blight Research at the Station by Richard A. Jaynes

Volume 29, number 1, Fall 1976
Chloroplast membranes and photosynthesis by Raymond Poincelot
Land use, plant nutrients and water quality by Charles R Frink and W.A. Norvell
Keeping Christmas trees fresh by George R. Stephens, Jr. and John F. Ahrens
Plant breeding enters a new age by Peter R. Day

Volume 29, number 2, Spring 1977
Role of mosquito feeding habits in longevity, disease spread by Louis A.Magnarelli
Increasing vegetable yields from sandy urban soil by David E. Hill
Analysts help keep food pure by Paul Gough
Injecting elms for control of Dutch elm disease by J.E. Ellison and Gerald S. Walton

Volume 30, number 1, Fall 1977
Relating the date on carton to freshness of milk by Lester Hankin
European praying mantis named state insect by John F. Anderson
Is the red pine scale adapting to colder temperatures? By George R. Stephens, Jr.
Net photosynthesis can be doubled by inhibiting glycolate formation by David J. Oliver

Volume 30, number 2, Spring 1978
Two parasitic wasps have potential for controlling hemlock scales by Mark S. McClure
Food Production in Connecticut by Charles R. Frink
Are septic systems effective in removing nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater? By Brij L. Sawhney and J.L. Starr
Collecting ticks and searching for tick-borne diseases in Connecticut by Louis A Magnarelli and John F. Anderson

Volume 31, number 1, Fall 1978
Changing sugar distribution for increased soybean yields by John Thorne
Egg Laying of tree cricket leads to canker on red maple by Gordon S. Taylor and Robert E.B. Moore
Using the liquid chromatograph to measure vitamin D in milk by Susan K. Henderson
Salt-free? Low in fat? Sugar-free? Analysts check claims on labels by Paul Gough

Volume 31, number 2, Spring 1979
Treatment with antibiotic increases yields of declining pear trees by John L McIntyre, George H. Lacy and J. Allan Dodds
Brood II of periodical cicadas will be emerging this spring by Chris T. Maier
Modelling the transport of chemicals in the Housatonic River System by Donald E. Aylor and Charles R. Frink

Volume 32, number 1, Fall 1979
PCBs in the Housatonic River are bound to the fine sediments by Charles R. Frink, Brij Sawhney, and W. Glowa
Recycling of clippings from lawns will save energy from nitrogen fertilizer by Henry C. DeRoo and J.L. Starr
Reducing populations of vector leafhoppers is a new approach to x-disease control by George H. Lacy, Mark S. McClure, and Theodore G. Andreadis
Plants can grow well in a greenhouse at lower nighttime temperatures by Martin Gent and John Thorne

Volume 32, number 2, Spring 1980
Monitoring natural changes in Connecticut's forests George R. Stephens, Jr.
Studying parasites of the gypsy moth to increase their effectiveness by Ronald M. Weseloh
Checking the quality and consumption of milk at schools by Lester Hankin
Blood and sugars are needed to nourish deer flies and horse flies by Louis A. Magnarelli and John F. Anderson

Volume 32, number 3, Fall 1980
The Gypsy Moth – A Special Issue: Frontiers of Plant Science

Volume 33, number 1, Fall 1980
Induced resistance in plants may protect from insects and pathogen by John L. McIntyre, J Allen Dodds, and J. Daniel Hare
Nutrients, calories, and keeping quality tested in refrigerated product by Lester Hankin
Studying microbial and insect enemies of the European corn borer in Connecticut by Theodore G Andreadis
Detecting aflatoxins as contaminants in milk and other food products by Richard P. Kozloski

Volume 33, number 2, Spring 1981
Long-term studies show Connecticut forest will survive defoliation by George R. Stephens, Jr.
conserving moisture in home gardens in times of restricted water use by David E. Hill
A new (?) insect pest of red pine in Connecticut by Mark S.McClure

Volume 34, number 1, Fall 1981
Knowledge of genetic barriers helps control chestnut blight by Sandra L Anagnostakisa
The gypsy moth in Connecticut during 1981
Studies of ticks and animals assess risk of spotted fever by Louis A. Magnarelli and John F. Anderson
Searching for better plants by altering enzyme reactions by Kenneth R. Hanson.

Volume 34, number 2, Spring 1982
Reclaiming nutrients in wastes for use in agriculture by Thomas M. Rathier
Tests of groundwater determine organic pollutants by Brij L. Sawhney and Richard K. Kozloski
Four registered pesticides effective against gypsy moth by Robert E.B. Moore
Fungicides inhibit feeding of Colorado potato beetles by J. Daniel Hare

Volume 35, number 1, Fall 1982
Testing for carbaryl in raw milk and pesticides in other foods by J. Gordon Hanna
Plants take up PCBs from contaminated soil by Brij L. Sawhney and Lester Hankin
Bacillus thuringiensis applied by air works against the gypsy moth by Paul Gough
Modernizing the scarecrow to protect crops from birds by Michael R. Conover

Volume 35, number 2, Spring 1983
Lady beetle attacks red pin scale by Mark S. McClure
Tests show variability in potting mixes by Gregory J. Bugbee and Charles R. Frink
China explored for natural enemies of pest insects by Paul Gough
Gypsy moth has many natural enemies by Ronald M. Weseloh

Volume 36, number 1, Fall 1983
Tests determine quality of kerosene used in space heaters by Sherman R. Squires
Is acid rain harming our soil and water? By Edward C. Krug and Charles R. Frink
Is acid rain damaging our crops? Thomas M. Rathier
Recognizing superior photosynthesis in crops in the field by Richard B Peterson and Israel Zelitch

Volume 36, number 2, Spring 1984
Annual Amendments of Leaf Mold Sustain Higher Yields of Vegetables by David E. Hill
Testing of vanilla ice cream reveals compliance with regulations by Lester Hankin
Infected Ixodes ticks found where Lyme disease occurs by Louis A Magnarelli and John F. Anderson
Station Testing for EDB in food products and water by Paul Gough
Insecticides create problems for beekeepers in Connecticut by John F. Anderson and William Glowa

Volume 37, number 1, Fall 1984
Heavily defoliated white pine has lower mortality than hemlock by George R. Stephens
Flowering dogwood decline due to drought, disease, and cold winters by Gerrald S. Walton
Testing determines compliance with claims on pesticide labels by Martha Fuzesi
Conifers evaluated for Christmas trees and ornamentals by John F. Ahrens, George R. Stephens, and Richard A. Jaynes

Volume 37, number 2, Spring 1985
No Bee mites found in state-wide survey by John F. Anderson
Manipulating feeding sites reduces damage caused by Canada geese by Michael R.Conover
Witloof chicory, alias Belgian endive A future vegetable staple? By David E. Hill
Microsporidian parasites regulate mosquito populations by Theodore G. Andreadis
EDB applied to soil not accumulated by plants by Peter J. Isaacson and Charles R. Frink

Aspirin products are tested for compliance with standards by Lester Hankin
New cultural methods may help restore asparagus in Connecticut by Gordon S. Taylor and Thomas M. Rathier
Apple leafminers and their parasites live in trees near orchards by Chris T. Maier
Does chlorine in tap water cause damage to houseplants? by Gregory J. Bugbee
A parasite helps control the spruce gall midge by George R. Stephens

Evaluating the king of the coles: broccoli in Connecticut by David E. Hill
Testing tomato products: paste, sauce, puree and catsup by Lester Hankin
What is happening to EDB in ground water in Connecticut by Joseph J. Pignatello
Finding new ways to reduce deer damage to crops by Michael R. Conover

Volume 39, number 1, Fall 1986
Importing ladybird beetles to control red pine scale by Mark S. McClure
Gypsy moth outbreaks in Connecticut in the 1980's by John F. Anderson
Biological control of gypsy moths: help from a beetle by Ronald M. Weseloh
Why does a volatile pesticide, like EDB, persist in soils for years? By Brij L. Sawhney

Volume 39, number 2, Spring 1987
Lyme disease: a tick-related problem increasing in importance by Louis A. Magnarelli and John F. Anderson
Evaluating cauliflower varieties for Connecticut growers by David E. Hill
Analyzing wine and beer coolers for calories and alcohol by Lester Hankin
Hemlock wooly adelgid may also attack spruce by Mark McClure
Bacterial pesticide sprayed by helicopter controls gypsy moth in Ledyard by John F. Anderson

Volume 40, number 1, Fall 1987
Lockwood Farm and research: a will provides a way to advances by Paul Gough
Insect problems spawn many questions for Station entomologists to answer by Kenneth A. Welch and Carol R. Lemmon
A new microbe is infecting Japanese beetles in Connecticut by James L Hanula and Theodore G. Andreadis
Testing table and wine grape varieties for hardiness and disease susceptibility by Gerald S. Walton

Volume 40, number 2, Spring 1988
Why do fumigants remain in soils and ground water for decades? By Brij L. Sawhney
Estimating crop yield loss in the field caused by plant defoliation by Francis J. Ferrandino
Chlorophyll fluorescence measurements may help recognize increased plant productivity by Richard B. Peterson
Plant parasitic nematodes and fungi are an unhealthy alliance against strawberries by James A LaMondia and S. Bruce Martin

Volume 41, number 1, Fall 1988
What happens to organic pollutants during municipal composting? By Kenneth D. Racke
Hypovirulence in chestnut blight in Connecticut improves the condition of chestnut trees by Sandra L. Anagnostakis
Inventories at 10-year intervals reveal changes in Connecticut's forests by Jeffrey S.Ward
Mass spectrometric technique measures Dioxins in Connecticut by Lee Huang and Harry M. Pylypiw, Jr.

Volume 41, number 2, Spring 1989
Increasing photosynthesis by changing the genetics of leaf biochemistry by Israel Zelitch
Genetic engineering may increase effectiveness of the Japanese beetle pathogen, Bacillus popilliae by Douglas Dingman
Composted sewage sludge and leaves make desirable potting media by Gregory J. Bugbee
Protected plants produce red and yellow peppers prolifically by Martin P.N.Gent
Understanding behavior and ecology to reduce woodchuck damage by Robert K. Swihart

Volume 42, number 1, Fall 1989
Plant diseases: Clinical diagnosis and strategies for control by Sharon M. Douglas
Agricultural composts as amendments reduce nitrate leaching from soil by Abigail A. Maynard
Genetic improvement of photosynthesis with plant cell cultures by Neil A. McHale
Automated procedure determines Pesticide residues overnight by Harry M. Pylypiw, Jr.

Volume 42, number 2, Spring 1990
Rock salt helps suppress crown rot of asparagus by Wade H. Elmer
State-of-art analytical instruments measure environmental contaminants by Mary Jane Incorvia Mattina
Insecticides applied near homes reduces tick bite risks by Kirby C., III Stafford
Fungus from Japan causes heavy mortality of gypsy moth by Theodore G. Andreadis and Ronald M. Weseloh

Volume 43, number 1, Fall 1990
Modeling aerial dispersal of the apple scab fungus by Donald E. Aylor
Raspberries: a revived crop for Connecticut farms by George R. Stephens and Richard K. Kiyomoto
Glossy leaf wax in cole crops affects insect resistance by Kimberly A. Stoner

Volume 43, number 2, Spring 1991
Warming would affect Connecticut through its water supply by Paul E. Waggoner
Do Heavy Metals in Wastes Leach to Ground Water? By David E. Stilwell and Brij. L Sawhney
Pesticides and other chemicals sorb slowly in soil by Joseph J. Pignatello
Many gypsy moth caterpillars destroyed by fungus for second year by Ronald M. Weseloh and Theodore G. Andreadis

Volume 44, number 1, Fall 1991
Pesticides will protect ornamentals from hemlock woolly adelgid by Mark S. McClure
Discovery of new form of enzyme may provide opportunities for plant improvement Evelyn A. Havir
Spring rainfall and cool temperatures favor development of dogwood anthracnose by Victoria L. Smith
Experiment Station purchased first state forest and park land by George R. Stephens

Volume 44, number 2, Spring 1992
Experiment Station tests specialty crops for Connecticut farmers by David E. Hill
Babesiosis is a new tick-associated disease of humans in Connecticut by John F. Anderson, Eric D. Mintz, Joseph J. Gadbaw, and Louis A. Magnarelli
Two species of parasitic mites infest honey bees in Connecticut by Carol R. Lemmon
Anthracnose fruit rot of strawberry found in Connecticut fields by James A. LaMondia

Volume 45, number 1, Fall 1992
Ornamental yew shrubs contain significant quantities of taxol by Mary Jane Incorvia Mattina
Fresh-cut culinary herbs are easy to grow in Connecticut by David E. Hill
Master genes for leaf development will provide tools for genetic engineering by Neil A. McHale
Controlling yellowjackets and wasps at the Connecticut Tennis Center by Theodore G. Andreadis and Kenneth A. Welch

Volume 45, number 2, Spring 1993
Fiber Flax may once again be a crop in Connecticut by George R. Stephens
Spring hemlock looper returns to attack hemlock forests in Connecticut by Chris T. Maier, Carol R. Lemmon, Ronald M. Weseloh, and Theodore G. Andreadis
Experiment Station continues long tradition of breeding chestnut for resistance to blight by Sandra L. Anagnostakis
Energy saving growing methods help produce greenhouse tomatoes by Martin P.N. Gent

Volume 46, number 1, Fall 1993
The Challenge of controlling diseases in the greenhouse by Sharon M. Douglas
Ehrlichiosis, A rickettsial disease, occurs in Connecticut by Louis A. Magnarelli and John F. Anderson
Hybrid corn, past, present, and future by Bruce P. Bickner

Volume 46, number 2, Spring 1994
Dogwood anthracnose severity is influenced by timing of spring rains by Victoria L. Smith
Several environmental modifications reduce risk of tick bite by Kirby C., III Stafford
Composted municipal Solid waste beneficial as a soil amendment by Abigail A. Maynard and Gregory J. Bugbee
Using transgenic plants for biochemical and genetic improvement of crops by Israel Zelitch

Volume 47, number 1, Fall 1994
Use of synthetic pesticides on turf may have caused milky disease decline by Douglas W. Dingman
Volatile chemical emissions at composting facilities are significantly below workplace guidelines by Brian D. Eitzer
Growing healthy pumpkins requires proper nutrition and disease control by Wade H. Elmer
Pumpkins offer many varieties and choices for growers by David E. Hill

Volume 47, number 2, Spring 1995
How verticillium wilt affects yield of eggplant, tomatoes, and potatoes by Francis J. Ferrandino
Testing wine grapes for hardiness and yield helps Connecticut growers select varieties by Richard K. Kiyomoto
Using natural enemies from Japan to control hemlock woolly adelgid by Mark S. McClure

Volume 48, number 1, Fall 1995
The National Debt by Russell L. Brenneman
Analytical Chemistry expands analyses for heavy metals, preservatives, and pesticides by Harry M., Pylypiw, Jr. and David E. Stillwell

Volume 48, number 2, Spring 1996
Growing vegetables in soil amended with compost or leaves by Abigail A. Maynard
Cloning corn genes today for future improvements by Neil P. Schultes
Connecticut is awaiting return of the periodical cicada by Chris T. Maier

Volume 49, number 1, Fall 1996
Redefining horticulture in the 21st Century by Pierre Bennerup
An integrated approach helps manage weeds in nurseries by Todd L. Mervosh
Quantifying the probablility of apple scab fungus intection to improve disease management by Donald E. Aylor

Volume 49, number 2, Spring 1997
Processing equipment influences lead in maple syrup by David E. Stilwell and Craig L. Musante
Several methods reduce insecticide use in control of black vine weevils by Richard S. Cowles
Cyclospora does not contaminate Connecticut-grown strawberries by Charles R. Vossbrinck and Theodore G. Andreadis

Volume 50, number 1, Fall 1997
New treatment purifies water of wood preservative contaminants by Joseph J. Pignatello and Margaret Engwall
Blue mold disease returns to Connecticut to threaten $70 million tobacco crop by James A. LaMondia and Donald E. Aylor

Volume 50, number 2, Spring 1998
Summer drought and winter temperatures can cause problems for woody ornamentals by Sharon M. Douglas
Experiment Station studying mosquitoes and eastern equine encephalitis by Theodore G. Andreadis
Released Japanese ladybugs are multiplying and killing hemlock woolly adelgids by Mark S. McClure

Volume 51, number 1, Fall 1998
Arsenic from CCA-treated wood can be reduced by coating by David E. Stilwell
A Vision of Connecticut Agriculture in the 21st Century: Why the Future is Bright by John Lyman, III.

Volume 51, number 2, Spring 1999
Forest management practices may reduce damage caused by canker of black birch by Francis Ferrandino, Jeffrey S. Ward, and Sandra L. Anagnostakis
Beetle thought to attack only dead wood found in live arborvitae in Connecticut by Chris T.Maier
Pesticides applied to lawn and garden are found in ground water by Brian D. Eitzer
Trials help determine best grape cultivars for developing Connecticut vineyards by Richard K. Kiyomoto

Volume 52, number 1, Fall 1999 (PDF Format)
Let's color Connecticut green: marketing our plant industry by Susan O. Faulkner
The key to drought is in the soil pores by Paul E. Waggoner

Volume 52, number 2, Spring 2000 (PDF Format)
Bird and butterfly garden at Lockwood Farm demonstrates plantings to attract wildlife by Carol R. Lemmon
Discovery of West Nile virus in Connecticut and what was learned during the first year by Paul Gough

Volume 53, number 1, Fall 2000 (PDF Format)
Experiment station pioneer institution applying scientific methods to farming by Paul Gough

Volume 53, number 2, Spring 2001 (PDF Format)
An increasing deer population is linked to the rising incidence of Lyme disease by Kirby C. Stafford, III
Limiting deer browse damage in yards and forests through plant selection and protection by Jeffrey S. Ward
Methods of controlling white-tailed deer by Uma Ramakrishnan
E.coli and deer in orchards and deer meat by Douglas Dingman.

Volume 54, number 1, Fall 2001 (PDF Format)
Blending Land Conservation with Economic Development
Compost for a Healthy Community by Terry H. Jones,
Plant Quarantine on the Front Line at Kennedy Airport: The Size of the Problem by Michael Kenney.

Volume 54, number 2, Spring 2002 (PDF Format)
Station has been Developing New Crops for Connecticut Growers for 20 Years by David E. Hill
The Fungus and the Gypsy Moth: A Tale of Two Foes and the Happy Outcome from Their Deadly Battles by Ronald M. Weseloh
Managing an Exotic Forest Insect: The Asian Longhorned Beetle by Dennis Souto.

Volume 55, number 1, Fall 2002 (PDF Format)
The Fruit of our Labor by Roger B. Swain
Identifying Fungi and Determining their Characteristics is Key to Safe Guarding Plant Resources by Mary E. Palm
West Nile Virus Found in 15 Towns During 2002

Volume 55, number 2, Spring 2005 (PDF Format)
Phytophthora ramorum: a new threat to Connecticut's forests and landscapes by Robert E. Marra and Sharon M. Douglas
Invasion of alien insects by Chris T. Maier
Aquatic plants among most destructive invasives, by Robert S. Capers, Roslyn Selsky, Gregory J. Bugbee, and Jason C. White.

Volume 56, number 1, Fall 2005 (PDF Format)
Connecticut and the Forefront of Forestry by Adam R. Moore
Role of Nectria-cankered Birch in the Future of Connecticut's Forests by Francis J. Ferrandino, Jeffrey S. Ward, and Sandra L. Anagnostakis
Alternative Forest Management Practices in Connecticut: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly by Jeffrey S. Ward

Volume 56, number 2, Spring 2006 (PDF Format)
Effects of Coating CCA Pressure Treated Wood on Arsenic Levels in Plants and Soil by David E. Stilwell, Craig Musante, and Brij L. Sawhney
Food Analysis at The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station by Walter J. Krol
Protecting the Food Supply and More: New Initiatives in Analytical Chemistry by MaryJane Incorvia Mattina

Volume 57, number 1, Fall 2006 (PDF Format)
Grapes and Wine in Connecticut by Gary Crump
Specialty Fruit Provide New Opportunities for Connecticut Growers by Abigail A. Maynard
Grapevine Cultivation in Connecticut by William R. Nail.

Volume 57, number 2, Spring 2010 (PDF Format)
Connecticut's Invasive Aquatic Plant Problem-Searching for Solutions by Gregory J. Bugbee
Connecticut's Threatened Landscape: Natural Enemies for Biological Control of Invasive Species by Carole Cheah
Japanese Barberry: When Good Plants Become a Problem by Jeffrey S. Ward, Scott C. Williams, and Thomas E. Worthley.

NOTE: Some of these documents are provided in Adobe® Acrobat™ (.pdf) format. If you do not have Adobe® Acrobat™ Reader to view and/or print your these documents, you will need to download the Adobe® Acrobat™ Reader. To get a free copy of the software, click the "Get Acrobat" image.

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Keeping Caterpillars Over the Winter

Keeping caterpillars over winter is easier for species that remain in the caterpillar stage than those that pupate. When caring for species that overwinter as caterpillars, simply clean any remaining frass and food plants from the container and cover the resting caterpillar with a layer of dead leaves.

Move the container to a porch, unheated garage, or shed so that the caterpillar can experience natural temperatures and conditions, keeping the humidity as close to that of a caterpillar's natural habitat as possible. If the caterpillar is kept in an environment that is too dry, it may desiccate and die. When spring arrives, watch for signs of activity from the caterpillar.


Environmental Controls

Removing crop remnants, tilling the soil, and handpicking larvae are all methods that will help control these caterpillars. Using covers on rows of plantings of the cabbage family will not only help to keep out the cabbageworm but will also keep out the cabbage looper and other pests.

Handpick then destroy the caterpillars when you have found them. Remember not to disturb any caterpillars having white cocoons on their bodies. These are the pupae of the parasitic wasp. Place covers on rows of plantings according to the accompanying instructions or seek direction from your local home and garden center.

As soon as you find any of these caterpillars, just pick them off the foliage and destroy them, again taking care not to remove those with white cocoons on their backs. Use covers on rows of plantings of the cabbage family before the pest appear.


Watch the video: How to Treat Pinworms with Herbal Remedies