Pistachio is an extremely suggestive plant, which boasts its origins in ancient times. Of natural development in the lands of the Middle East, some archaeological finds attest to its existence as early as the seventh millennium BC. From Turkey, the plant then spread throughout the Mediterranean basin, thanks to the hot and humid climate that characterizes these areas and, of course, the commercial exchanges that favored its spread. The fruits of pistachio have in fact been recognized since ancient times of the particular beneficial properties that make this particular plant fall among the crops for not only nutritional purposes, but also phytotherapeutic purposes. Despite the difficulties of cultivation in the areas of Italy that are not strictly Mediterranean, there are more and more widespread crops of pistachio even on a small scale, while on a large scale the greatest Italian production is concentrated in Sicily, since with the more favorable climate. Among the main properties of pistachio emerge the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, which make the consumption of pistachio useful in various occasions and situations. In addition to treating specific symptoms and ailments, the consumption of pistachios is increasingly common in normal nutrition, as a tasty fruit with a high nutritional power, often consumed also to replace less healthy snacks, or used in culinary recipes of greater complexity.
Active ingredients and benefits
The small pistachio fruits, precisely because of their size, are consumed in variable quantities, also depending on the needs of the consumer. Recent studies have revealed how pistachios are actually caloric and rich in fat, but also how these fats are unsaturated, and therefore useful for fighting age-related ailments such as cholesterol and heart problems. Pistachios can also be effective in preventing cancer and alleviating ailments related to asthma attacks. Even bacterial and fungal infections can be reduced by the consumption of pistachios or products made with the active ingredients of these useful, as well as tasty, fruits. The consumption of pistachios is particularly suitable, due to its high nutritional properties, even for children or sportsmen, who lead a dynamic life and therefore have a high energy requirement.
Pistachio can hardly be grown privately, since cultivation requires not only a suitable climate that is difficult to find in Italy (large-scale crops, not surprisingly, mainly occur in Sicily), but also because the processes are long and the plant requires considerable care and attention to grow and reach the production of the much coveted fruits. For the production of fruits, in fact, a single plant is not enough, since only the female produces pistachios and needs a male plant to bear fruit. Grafting is usually carried out in May, with a shield operation similar to that also used for oranges, by detaching a bud with part of the bark from an already grown plant and then applying it to the wood of the wild by engraving its bark. At this point it tightens with willow, which will then be removed after a few days. We can therefore see why the spread of pistachio is decidedly limited, especially as regards cultivation for private use, despite the fact that the plants, gnarled and with a wide radius development, are of fascinating appearance and highly decorative. The harvesting phases are also particularly demanding: once they have reached maturity, the pistachios must be harvested by hand, also because the plants usually grow on arid and stony soils that would in any case make it difficult to move with special machines or tools. The pistachio plant bears fruit every two years; this, together with the hard work required for cultivation and harvesting, contributes to making the fruit particularly valuable and sometimes even expensive.
Pistachio: Products on the market
Pistachios are usually consumed in the form of culinary products, as a food in its own right, or as a basis for more elaborate recipes, up to the widespread ice cream. But before the pistachios can reach the tables, special work processes are required that require time and dedication. After harvesting the fruit, you can move on to mechanical processing by rubbing, after which the pistachios are left to rest in the sun for about five or six days. Peeling is also a delicate operation, which takes place through a short exposure of the fruit to steam or high pressure. The next step is once again mechanical and allows you to eliminate the film that is no longer adherent. At this point the pistachios are placed in a drying circuit, after which they can finally be packaged and put on the market.
2 Years Pistachio Tree
The tree of the Pistachio it is an evergreen species, with an average height of around 4-5 meters, it can even exceed 8-10 m. It has an ash-gray bark, a broad crown and pendulous branches. It blooms in April-May and has apetal flowers, carried by axillary panicle inflorescences, the female ones are similar to a very small fruit with trifid, keeled, enlarged and papillose stigma, while the male ones are provided with bracts and large anthers. The fruit is a monosperm drupe, with a thin, pedunculated, oval hull.
- Vase 16cm, Height 120 / 160cm(height varies according to the season)
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- Vase 16cm, Height 120 / 160cm
Pistachio - garden
The pistachio is a tree of the Anacardiaceae family. The tree of pistachio it is able to exceed 10 meters in height, has an ash-gray bark and a wide crown. The leaves are composed, deciduous, imparipinnate, tomentose in young plants, glabrous and leathery later on. The month in which flowering begins is between April-May. The fruit is a drupe with an oval, thin and hard shell containing the seed, commonly called "pistachio"which has a bright green color under a purple skin. It is a dioecious plant which means that you must have both the female plant and the male plant to ensure that there is pollination and therefore fruiting of the female plant.
The pistachio it is a plant very resistant to drought, it can stand the cold and especially spring frosts. It adapts to rocky and calcareous soils. The optimal period for planting pistachios is autumn, but it can also be done in March. The ideal is to choose a dry period and good weather in order to be able to carry out the work without too many problems. The plant must be exposed in full sun. To obtain a satisfactory production it is advisable that the cultivation takes place only in areas where the winter is mild and where the temperatures do not drop below 5 ° C, during the vegetation period the plant must not be exposed to temperatures below 7- 10 degrees. The return of frost in the flowering or fruiting phase can block the development of the plant. For planting, make a hole about 40/50 cm deep and 50 cm wide, work the bottom well and add soil to facilitate the development of the roots, then cover the hole with the earth previously extracted alternating with watering to make it adhere well the earth around the roots. Fertilize with a complete fertilizer, before the vegetative restart phase (November-December).
- Pistachio female in pot 20 height 100-110cm. The height may vary according to the period
- Pistachio pollinator male in pot 20 height 100-110cm. The height may vary according to the period
PISTACHIO TREE you can find it in the Categories:
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How to grow pistachio in pots or in the garden
There pistachio plant it is very beautiful to look at and even if you would not think, it is also suitable for cultivation in pots or in the garden as long as it lives in an area with a mild climate, which never becomes too harsh in winter. In fact, the pistachio plant prefers warm climates and arid or well-drained soils, but cannot tolerate spring frosts, which can compromise flowering and fruit production.
In very cold areas the pistachio can be grown in pots or in the garden but only for ornamental purposes, since the rigidity of temperatures prevents the fruit from growing. Growing it is not very difficult but you have to be very patient because the plant is late and starts to bear fruit after 5-6 years after it has been planted. Instead, it takes about 15 years before the plant is able to produce its maximum fruit.
The ideal is to plant young plants, which are 1 or 2 years old and in the case of grafting in pots, it is necessary to use plants that have been grafted in the nursery for 1 or 2 years. Generally, the tree is grafted onto the terebinth pistachio variety or the mastic pistachio. The plant doesn't need a lot of water. It is sufficient to water it once a day in the driest season.
There are tutorials on the web that explain how this is possible make the pistachio seed germinate to get a seedling. Although this is theoretically possible, do not think that you can obtain a plant that produces fruit in this way. In fact, pistachio is a dioecious plant with anemophilic fertilization, that is, some specimens have male reproductive organs and other female organs. Reproduction occurs by pollination, using the wind vector that carries the pollen of the male flowers onto the female flowers. So unless you have space to grow a dozen or so saplings, it is generally impossible to see the fruit.
Generalities Pistachio Seeds: n
The Pistachio is a plant with a height of around 4-5 meters, it can even exceed 8-10 m. It has an ash-gray bark, a wide crown and pendulous branches. The wood is hard and heavy, intense yellow in young plants and brown red in adult ones. Compound and deciduous leaves. It blooms in April-May. The fruit is a monosperm drupe, with a thin, pedunculate, oval hull. n "Every authentic education comes from experience". John Dewey For children from 0 to 3 years , meetings and workshops with the mother (or another adult) led by an educator, through the use of suitable spaces and materials, in order to encourage the first discoveries, exploration, movement and creativity of the little ones. From 3 to 10 years oldthe : Activities differentiated according to the age of the child, conducted by specialized personnel aimed at learning about and exploring the surrounding reality through play and direct experience. Although Pistachio is a rustic plant subject to fungal diseases such as: Rust, Alternaria (Alternaria alternata) and Botyosphaeria ibis, a pathogenic fungus that manifests itself with obvious whitish spots on the trunk and branches.
Sachet of 5-10 grams
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Pests and diseases of the Pistachio
Among the animal parasites its real enemies are:
"Every authentic education comes from experience". John Dewey
For children from 0 to 3 years , meetings and workshops with the mother (or another adult) led by an educator, through the use of suitable spaces and materials, in order to encourage the first discoveries, exploration, movement and creativity of the little ones.
From 3 to 10 years oldthe : Activities differentiated according to the age of the child, conducted by specialized personnel aimed at learning about and exploring the surrounding reality through play and direct experience.
Although Pistachio is a rustic plant subject to fungal diseases such as: Rust, Alternaria (Alternaria alternata) and Botyosphaeria ibis, a pathogenic fungus that manifests itself with obvious whitish spots on the trunk and branches.
Cures and treatments
Contain the development of weeds and limit evaporation with surface work or by chemical weeding.
The fight against pests or adversity diseases is carried out with copper-based interventions in the winter and eliminating and burning infected branches.
Uses and calories of pistachios
Pistachio is used in the kitchen to prepare appetizers, first and second courses, desserts of various kinds and also excellent and creamy ice creams.
Pistachios are very energetic: 100 grams bring 562 calories to our body.
The most cultivated pistachio cultivars for abundance of production and quality of fruits include:
A variety with local diffusion and grown only in Bronte in Sicily. It is a very famous variety known all over the world.
Bianca or Napoletana and the Cerasola
Varieties spread and grown almost everywhere.
Pistachio in Sicily is called O for its very high commercial productiongreen ro. The Pistachio Festival is also very famous and is held every year at the end of September in some squares and in the main streets of the historic center of Bronte. During the festival you can taste and buy the products obtained with the processing of the pistachio and the fruits themselves. Each year the event attracts thousands of tourists from abroad as well.
In Iran it is called the smiling seed while in China the happy seed in reference to its multiple phytotherapeutic properties.
Pistachio has very ancient origins in fact its name already appears in the Bible.