Hyacinth is a bulbous plant that enchants everyone with its beautiful flowering. The homeland of hyacinths is considered to be Africa, the Mediterranean, Holland. But today you can see such beauty in every home. This bulbous plant has become quite common. Hyacinth can be grown both in the room and in the front garden. Hyacinth is a plant of extraordinary beauty that begins to bloom in spring. The plant blooms for three weeks. But if you suddenly wanted to see the beautiful hyacinth bloom in winter, then this is possible. With great diligence, you can even drive out hyacinth by the New Year.
If you don't have hyacinth bulbs in stock, you can purchase them at a flower shop. But not in every store you can find a hyacinth bulb, you have to search a little. In order not to waste a lot of time, you can immediately go to the flower nursery, where you will surely get everything you need. Still, preparing the hyacinth for distillation yourself will be much better. On the packaging with hyacinth bulbs, the inscription "for distillation" must be imprinted. Hyacinth begins to bloom in a quarter of a year, after landing in the ground. At the same time, it is important to observe all the necessary conditions for plant growth. It will take about the same time for the forcing of hyacinths itself, take this into account right away.
Let's get down to the process itself. Hyacinth bulbs must be refrigerated for 2–4 months. With this procedure, you will provide the bulbs with a period of winter dormancy. After winter dormancy, you can start planting the plant. For planting hyacinth, garden or forest land is suitable. For planting, use ordinary flower pots, preferably large.
The bulbs should be placed at a short distance from each other, and they should not be in contact with each other. Hyacinth bulbs should not be buried deep in the ground, the top of the seedling should be on the surface. Before sprouting, the plant should be kept in a cool, dark room. At the initial stage of forcing, the temperature should not exceed 10 degrees above 0.
Do not forget about watering the land. Throughout the forcing phase, the soil must always be moist. After the sprout has appeared, the hyacinth must be taken out to a bright room, where the temperature will not exceed 16 degrees Celsius.
Temperature and light conditions must be observed in full. If the temperature exceeds the specified norms, the hyacinth will bloom earlier, but the flowering period can be reduced to several days. So, be careful not to overdo it with care, which can be detrimental. Coolness and light light, moist earth is what is needed for forcing hyacinth.
Forcing the plant can be carried out under water conditions. To do this, you need to purchase flasks that are designed for forcing bulbous plants. This method of forcing does not differ from the usual one, where the forcing of hyacinth takes place in the ground.
Such a simple activity can ennoble your home, add more comfort and home warmth to it.
Hyacinth - home care
Many garden flowers have long become "traditional", so every year summer residents plant exactly them on their personal plot. Surely you also have a list of such favorites, don't you? Most surprising: some of the garden flowers can be grown perfectly at home. Such wonderful representatives of the flora include hyacinth.
Hyacinth (from Latin Hyacinthus) is a bulbous plant belonging to the Asparagus family. The plant is miniature, reaching no more than thirty centimeters in height. Flowers are collected in racemose inflorescences. Each has 18 to 25 flowers. They are bell-shaped, with pointed edges. The stalk itself is very thick for such a miniature plant. Hyacinth, once bred by the Dutch, is today one of the most popular flowers for floral arrangements.
Another fact that is decisive in favor of growing hyacinth at home is the variety of plant colors. They can be white, red, purple or blue. The most amazing thing is that hyacinth easily takes root in any home environment. The main thing is to do the distillation correctly.
HYACINTH refers to garden bulbous plants that usually bloom in spring in flower beds, but hyacinth can be grown at home. Growing hyacinths at home is very no conditions differ from the cultivation of other bulbous everything, but the plant does have some peculiarities. The first thing to pay attention to is the bulb from which you are going to grow hyacinth in a pot. Bulbs vary in size from hyacinths. It is advisable to take a bulb not 5 cm in diameter in less (by weight about 80 grams), dense to the touch, not affected by rot, diseases and pests, without mechanical ones Along the way. damage, we note that for planting a garden in a hyacinth, it is better to take the smaller bulbs Second.
size is an important condition for obtaining hyacinth flower house this is the creation of the right bulbs for ripening conditions. In order for the plant to give the hyacinth a beautiful healthy bulb, the flower must go through several stages of development before planting. After the bulbs are dug out, (usually in June) they are kept for a couple of weeks at high (up to 30 degrees) temperature and high humidity. Then the bulbs are stored for a couple of weeks at a temperature of +25 degrees and then, until the desired planting, the temperature is not higher than +17 degrees. The bulbs prepared in this way are planted in a pot. If you buy bulbs in a store, it is understood that the bulb has already passed these development stages. It just needs to be stored until planting. The planting time is chosen depending on when they want to get blooming If. the plant wants to get a flower for New Christmas, the year - the bulbs are planted until mid-September, and at the beginning by March, then in October.
Cooling hyacinths for distillation
The cooling and rooting period takes place at a temperature of 5 -9 degrees. At home, it can be carried out in the refrigerator in the vegetable section. The more accurately you manage to withstand the temperature regime of cooling the bulbs, the larger and better the inflorescences will be. So that the peduncles are not too stretched and bent, then in mid-December the temperature is lowered to 2 -4 degrees.
Twenty days before the planned flowering time, the chilled bulbs are brought into the room. Forcing hyacinths carried out at a temperature of 16 -20 degrees. At higher temperatures, the leaves are low, and the peduncle is located deep inside the leaves. It is worth remembering that the lower the temperature in the room where the hyacinth blooms, the longer the flowering time.
Re-forcing bulbs can only be used after 2-3 years.
What is the best way to grow Hyacinth?
Sometimes it is better to grow hyacinth in a vase filled with sand and water. Indeed, this plant is very often called aquatic. Please note that immediately after planting, the bulbs should be dormant. This period is 2 months. And it is very important. So that the room temperature does not exceed seven degrees Celsius. This is a prerequisite. During this time, they should be properly strengthened. You can enhance the strengthening effect by covering the onion with black paper or simply placing it in the garage.
If you live in an apartment, then a balcony or loggia will be ideal conditions, but this is if it is deep autumn or winter outside the window. If it's summer outside, you will have to send the flower to the refrigerator or basement. Forcing hyacinths is not possible without such a "cold" period. When the flower bulb is completely rooted, it will sprout up to two centimeters in height. Therefore, it is necessary to place the flower in a room with a temperature above 15 degrees Celsius.
Forcing hyacinths to cut
For forcing hyacinths in order to obtain cutting, the bulbs are planted in boxes at the rate of 100-300 bulbs per 1 m 2, depending on the size. The cold rooting period is increased by 2 weeks. The lengthening of the cooling period causes the accumulation of more hormones - gibberellins, which are responsible for stretching the peduncles. The cut will be higher. It is cut in full dissolution and wrapped in 1 inflorescence in thin paper, placed in a cardboard box and stored at a temperature of +2 o C. Cutting with unopened, but colored buds is possible, before using in a bouquet it is placed overnight in slightly lukewarm water, where the flowers begin to bloom.
Dutch growers practice cutting hyacinths with part of the bulb, which increases their transportability and preservation. It has become fashionable to put bulbous ones - tulips, hyacinths, in transparent vases along with washed bulbs. These design tricks are great if the bulbs are not intended to be used after distillation.
In water, inflorescences remain for 7-10 days. A little Zircon (0.5 ml per 1 liter of water) or Vitalizer HB-101 (2-3 drops per 1 liter of water) will extend the life of flowers even longer.