Plants on D

Plants on D

Vegetable daikon, or Japanese radish, or Chinese radish, or Japanese daikon, is a root vegetable of the Cruciferous family, a subspecies of the planting radish, which, unlike radishes and radishes, does not contain mustard oils and has a very mild odor. This variety was obtained by the Japanese by selection in antiquity from the forehead plant, which belongs to the Asian group of radish varieties growing in China. Translated from Japanese, daikon means "big root". Daikon radish is one of the most important ingredients of Japanese cuisine, used in salads, soups, side dishes, fresh, boiled, stewed and pickled.

Garden medicinal plants and flowers: names and photos, planting and care

Medicinal plants Is a large group of plants used for medicinal or prophylactic purposes. The hobby to grow medicinal plants at their summer cottage is gaining popularity. More and more pharmaceutical beds are replacing flower beds with ordinary flowers. And this is quite justified. Many medicinal plants are not only useful, but also decorative. The natural beauty of medicinal plants allows them to fit into any composition.

The idea of ​​growing medicinal herbs was borrowed from the ancient monks who grew plants in their gardens against any ailment. Information about medicinal herbs was carefully collected and stored in monasteries. The healing properties of herbs are mentioned in Ancient Egypt, China, India. Avicenna, Hippocrates, Galen, Russian Dobrodeya devoted whole scientific treatises to these plants.

In Russia, during the reign of Ivan the Terrible, the Apothecary hut was opened, where a list of plants that needed to be prepared was sent annually. Later, under Peter 1, pharmaceutical gardens appeared.

Now there is no shortage of medicinal plants. Any pharmacy offers a large selection of certain medicinal herbs. And yet ... If you decide to grow your pharmacy garden, know that there shouldn't be big problems. Most medicinal plants grow in nature, which means they are very unpretentious.

Gaillardia: planting and care, growing from seeds

Author: Marina Chaika 02 February 2019 Garden Plants

Plant Gaillardia (lat.Gaillardia), or Gaillard, or Gaillardia, belongs to the genus of the Astrov family, numbering about twenty-five species that grow in the wild in South and North America. Gaillardia are drought-resistant herbaceous annuals and perennials, named after the French patron and patron of botany, member of the Paris Academy of Sciences Gaillard de Charentono, who lived in the 18th century.

Fighting aphids with folk remedies

Aphids feed on the juice of mainly young leaves and branches, since they are not capable of piercing a rigid leaf plate with their proboscis. If we treat young plants with aggressive chemicals, we risk damaging the delicate shoots. Therefore, it is better to turn to the time-tested folk methods of dealing with aphids.

Use plain water if you need to get rid of aphids on plants with dense, tough leaves. Bushes and tall plants are irrigated with water, supplying liquid from a hose under pressure, while the insects are simply washed off to the ground. They cannot climb back on their own - they are dragged by ants. Give plants such a summer "shower" regularly until the pest disappears completely.

Aphid soap solution

Add 4-5 tablespoons to 1 liter of water. detergent for dishes, washing powder, liquid or laundry soap. It is better to use soap without the addition of strong fragrances, since their smell, on the contrary, attracts pests.

But tar soap with its pungent aroma can be quite effective. Dissolve a piece of soap (100 g) in 10 liters of water and treat the plants with a spray bottle with the resulting liquid.

Aphids have many natural enemies: ladybugs, lacewings, ground beetles, earwigs, etc.

Soap-soda mixture for aphids

For 1 liter of warm water, add 1/4 bar of grated laundry soap and 1 tbsp. soda ash. If you use only soda, without soap, it will quickly wash off under the influence of precipitation, and the composition will have to be reapplied.

Ash infusion to combat aphids

Stir a glass of wood ash in 5 liters of water, let it brew for 12 hours, then spray the affected beds. This is one of the most effective aphid control methods.

Tobacco infusion against aphids on plants

You will need a glass of shag, tobacco leaves, or just cigarette butts. Brew tobacco in 5 liters of boiling water, leave for a day and strain. The solution turns out to be quite concentrated, so do not apply it to plants before harvesting. It will be possible to harvest the fruits no earlier than a week after processing.

Infusion of zest

Grind a half-liter jar of dried peel of citrus fruits and soak for 24 hours in 1 liter of water. Then boil for 10 minutes, strain and pour into a bucket of water (10 l). For the best effect, you can add 1 tablespoon to the solution. liquid soap.

Spicy herbal infusions against aphids

Aphids do not tolerate "spicy dishes". Horseradish, garlic, hot peppers help get rid of this insect without any hassle. Finely chop the roots and leaves of horseradish, fill the container by a third and top up with boiling water. Let it brew for a day.

Cut 1-2 pods of hot pepper into pieces, fill with a liter of boiling water, let it brew for several hours. Garlic infusion is somewhat more difficult to prepare. Finely chop or crush a large head of garlic, brew 1 liter of boiling water. When the liquid has cooled, add 2 tsp to it. any detergent or soap and 2 tbsp. vegetable oil.

Treat vegetable, fruit and berry crops against aphids no later than a month before harvest

An infusion of celandine is effective against aphids. For 10 liters of water, take 3-4 kg of raw grass (whole plant) or 1 kg of dry, let it brew for 1-2 days, strain, add soap.

Infusion of tomato or potato tops

Finely chop the tomato and / or potato tops, fill a container (with a volume of, for example, 3 liters) halfway with it and pour boiling water to the brim. Let it brew for 24 hours, then add 1 tbsp. soap or washing powder.

Onion infusion against aphids

30-35 g of chopped onion heads (you can also add a little onion peel), pour 1 liter of water and leave for 5 hours. After this time, add 4-5 g of laundry soap, strain and bring the volume of the infusion to 1 liter.

Pine infusion

Pour 1 kg of pine needles with 4 liters of boiling water, leave for 7 days and stir every day. Before spraying, dilute the infusion with water 1: 1.

Sorrel against aphids

Pour 300 g of horse sorrel roots with 10 liters of hot water and leave for 2-3 hours. Then spray the plants.

Flower infusions against aphids

To prepare chamomile infusion, pour 100 g of dry stems and inflorescences of chamomile pharmacy with 1 liter of boiling water and leave for 12 hours. Add 4 g of soap to the infusion. Before spraying, dilute the liquid with water at a concentration of 1: 3.

Dandelions and aphids are good at coping. 400 g of leaves and 200 g of roots of flowering dandelions insist 3-4 hours in 10 liters of water. Spray the plants with the resulting infusion.

Essential oils against aphids

Dissolve 10-15 drops of lavender, tea tree, cedar and thyme essential oils in 100 ml of cream. Add 2 cups of water to the resulting mixture and spray the plants with it 2 times a day. After 3 days you will see excellent results.

Spraying with all of the above drugs is usually carried out in the evening. Plants are treated abundantly, until the affected areas are completely wetted. Try to get the solution to the lower surface of the leaves, where aphids accumulate especially densely.

In most cases, the pests disappear after a few home treatments. However, if the plants are in critical condition, then it is more advisable to use industrial insecticides.

Watch the video: Anatomy of Flowering Plants D. Botany. Class 86. Gradeup NEET