Echeveria setosa (Mexican Firecracker)

Echeveria setosa (Mexican Firecracker)

Scientific Name

Echeveria setosa Rose & Purpus

Common Names

Firecracker Echeveria, Firecracker Plant, Mexican Firecracker

Scientific Classification

Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Sedoideae
Tribe: Sedeae
Subtribe: Sedinae
Genus: Echeveria


This species is native to Mexico (common throughout Puebla).


Echeveria setosa is an attractive succulent with short branching stems and rosettes of fleshy green leaves covered with fine white hairs. The rosettes grow up to 4.8 inches (12 cm) in diameter. Leaves are spoon-shaped, up to 2.8 inches (7 cm) long, and up to 0.8 inches (2 cm) wide. Flowers are orange-red with yellow tips and appear on up to 12 inches (30 cm) long stalks fro late spring to summer.

The specific epithet "setosa" derives from the Latin "seta," meaning "bristle" and refers to the hairs on leaves.

How to Grow and Care for Echeveria setosa

Soil: Echeverias need potting soil mix that drains quickly. Many growers will create their own mix. However, commercial cactus and succulent potting soil will work fine.

Light: These succulents prefer full sun to partial shade. However, try to avoid drastic sunlight changes and full afternoon sun, especially in summer. During the winter, when your succulents are inside, put them near the brightest window in your home.

Hardiness: Echeveria setosa can withstand temperatures as low as 25 to 50 °F (-3.9 to 10 °C), USDA hardiness zones 9b to 11b.

Watering: When and how to water is a crucial part of Echeveria care. They do not like to be kept too wet, but they also do not like to be kept too dry. The "soak and dry" method is the preferred schedule for watering Echeverias.

Fertilizing: Echeverias grow well without fertilizer but may benefit from the extra nutrients.

Repotting: Repot when needed in the spring or early summer.

Propagation: Echeverias are one of the easiest succulents to propagate. They are usually propagated from offsets or leaves, but they can also be grown from stem cuttings and seed.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Echeveria.

Toxicity of Echeveria setosa

Echeverias are safe around pets and humans, although it is not advisable to eat them.

Varieties, Forms, and Hybrids of Echeveria setosa

  • Echeveria setosa var. ciliata
  • Echeveria setosa var. deminuta
  • Echeveria 'Dondo'
  • Echeveria 'Doris Taylor'
  • Echeveria 'Doris Taylor' f. cristata
  • Echeveria 'Set-Oliver'


  • Back to genus Echeveria
  • Succulentopedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus

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Plants→Echeverias→Mexican Firecracker (Echeveria setosa)

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Plant Spread : Up to 6 inches
Leaves: Unusual foliage color
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Bi-Color: Red at the base, yellow at the mouth
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Wildlife Attractant: Hummingbirds
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Other info: will not come true from seed if the plant is a hybrid
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Leaf
Pollinators: Birds
Containers: Suitable in 1 gallon
Needs excellent drainage in pots

Small hairy Echeveria from the Sierra Mixteca in southern Mexico with bicolored flowers (red at the base, yellow near the tip). A number of named varieties exist, sharing the same chromosome number (25). The type variety (from Puebla) has many green, incurved leaves (up to 60-170 per rosette), grows to 4-6 inches, and offsets to form raised mounds. Echeveria (Echeveria setosa var. ciliata) (Oaxaca) has fewer, shorter hairs (mostly on the margins and tips) and concave upper leaf surfaces. Echeveria (Echeveria setosa var. deminuta) (aka E. rundelii, nomen nudum from Oaxaca) has small (

2"), clustering rosettes with blue, club-shaped leaves that have reddish tips. Echeveria (Echeveria setosa var. minor), including a clone called Echeveria (Echeveria setosa 'FO-42') (from Oaxaca), has 35-50 green or blue-green leaves, usually thinner and bluer than the type, with highly variable hairiness. Echeveria (Echeveria setosa var. oteroi) (the least common in cultivation from Oaxaca) is most similar to var. ciliata, but has less hair (either hairless or with some marginal hairs) and fewer leaves, growing more slowly, branching less, and developing a stem over time.

This species is found in Puebla and Oaxaca. Versions of this plant have been released a few different times by the ISI as ISI 419 (1963), ISI 1197 (1980), ISI 95-28 (1995), ISI 95-29 (1995), ISI 2014-19 (2014). This species is frequently confused with other hairy Echeverias in cultivation, and some of the images above may be Woolly Rose (Echeveria 'Doris Taylor') or Echeveria 'Bombycina', two independent hybrids with pulvinata.

Echeveria setosa “Mexican Firecracker”

Echeveria setosa “Mexican Firecracker” are small plants according to their varieties, the maximum size will be 7 to 15 centimeters.

They have a very small stem from which rosette-shaped leaves grow.

The colors of these leaves, depending on the types, can be apple green, teal, dark green, and grayish-green (provided by their hairs).

Echeveria setosa is one of the many echeverias originating in Mexico.

Its red flowers with yellow tips are born on long and thin stems that reach up to 30 cm in height.

Adult plants develop numerous suckers around them, making it easy to propagate this succulent.

Like other varieties of its family such as echeveria victor, subsessilis, or leucotricha this plant has the incredible ability to accumulate water in every pore.

That is why this hairy plant is very suitable to have inside your house.

It will withstand almost any condition.

Can I cut the top of my succulent off?

Grab a pair of sharp scissors and start by cutting off the top of the succulent. When you cut your succulent leave at least an inch or two on the base with 2-3 leaves. Be sure to leave enough stem on the cutting to plant in soil later.

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Hi there! I’m Sarah Sweeney, the blessed wife of Raymond and mom of two precious children (Shauna and Teresa). Sharing my passion for succulents – and inspiring others in the garden – is what makes me tick.

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Care and Propagation Information

General Care for Echeveria setosa “Mexican Firecracker”

Echeveria setosa “Mexican Firecracker” grows well in an outdoor succulent garden. It grows slowly, but as it grows offsets, it spreads out.


Echeveria setosa “Mexican Firecracker” has typical watering needs for a succulent. Be sure to use the “soak and dry” method and only water when the soil is completely dry.

Where To Plant

“Mexican Firecracker” is not cold hardy, so if you live in a zone that gets colder than 30° F (-1.1° C), it’s best to plant this succulent in a container that can be brought indoors. It does well in full to partial sun, but can also be grown indoors if given enough light.

Pairs well with

How to Propagate Echeveria setosa “Mexican Firecracker”

Echeveria setosa “Mexican Firecracker” can be propagated by offsets, leaves, or stem cuttings.


“Mexican Firecracker” will produce offsets along a short stem. In the Spring, remove these using a sharp, sterile knife or pair of scissors. Allow the offsets to dry for one to two days before replanting in well-draining soil.


When taking a leaf for propagation, gently twist the leaf from the stem. Be sure that the leaf you get is a “clean pull,” where no part of the leaf is left on the stem. This will give you a better chance of a successful propagation.

Allow the leaf to callous over for a day or two before placing it on well-draining soil.


If you are taking a stem cutting of “Mexican Firecracker,” use a sterile knife or sharp scissors and cut a tube from the base of the plant. Allow the cutting to dry for several days before placing in well-draining soil. Wait to water an additional day or two, and then water using the “soak and dry” method.

Watch the video: How do you water your succulents? 多肉植物. 다육이들. Suculentas