Outdoor gatsania: growing and care
Gatsania is known and loved all over the world for its bright petals and similarity to chamomile. It is great for decorating a garden bed or balcony of a multi-storey building. Before planting gatsania in the open field, the cultivation and care of it should be studied as much as possible so that the flowers are large and delight their owners.
Features of growing gatsania as a perennial garden culture
The flower feels good both at home and in the open field.
This flowering herb is known as an annual and perennial. Most often, in the conditions of our climate, it is possible to grow one-year-old gatsania, because it does not tolerate large frosts. If you want to make it a perennial horticultural crop, then you have to take care of how to properly transplant it and help it overwinter at home.
Gazania is native to South Africa, so it loves warmth and bright sun. Despite this, today there are many varieties that can withstand temperatures up to -5 degrees and delight their owners with lush flowers for a long time.
How to do it right: gazania or gatzania
Another name for the flower is African chamomile.
The plant was named after the Italian priest Theodor von Gaza. However, despite this, in different countries it is called gazania and gatsania the same way. Due to the fact that its bright buds open at noon, it is known among flower lovers as midday gold.
How best to grow
Gatsania is a rather unpretentious plant, so it can be grown outdoors, on the balcony and in home pots. The only condition for this is maximum access to sunlight, moderate watering, and the absence of drafts. The less heat and light you provide your gazania, the fewer flowers it will have.
What climate is this plant suitable for?
In southern latitudes, colorful gatsania carpets bloom almost all year round.
Gazania is suitable for almost all types of climate. It is only necessary to take into account that in the cold it is dug up for the winter, and in warm latitudes it grows all year round. The plant does not like only the gummid and monsoon climate, where a large amount of precipitation falls. It can withstand significant temperature fluctuations from -5 to +35 degrees, although most of its types of frost do not like at all and immediately die.
What soil grows best
Fertile soil is considered the most suitable for this plant, but if it is sandy, then the flower will not suffer from this. The main thing is that the place is well illuminated by direct rays of the sun, protected from drafts, and the level of occurrence of groundwater is as low as possible.
In the southern regions, gatsaniya is sown directly on a flower bed. In areas with harsh winters, cultivation takes place only at the expense of seedlings, which must be sown according to certain rules.
Role in landscape design and examples of application in the photo
Gatsania plays a huge role in landscape design. It has gained popularity for its vibrant colors, striking in their contrast. So, they distinguish raspberry-white, yellow-orange, red, white and many other shades of gatsania.
Let's look at some of the ways to use these colors:
- As a decor for tracks;
A variegated gatsanium carpet can favorably set off the plantings of pastel-colored flowers.
- Visually create borders between areas of the garden;
- They decorate rockeries, feeling great among the stones;
In a rocky garden or rockery it will look both as a separate accent and in combination with other neighbors
- In flower beds, it goes well with Ursinia, Venidium, Arctotis, Chamomile, Iberis;
Several varieties of gatsania, planted in a wide planter or box, will be a bright accent in the garden.
- Frame the edges of flower beds;
The brighter the color of the gatsania, the more noticeable the edges of the flower garden
- Having landed them correctly on the ground, you will always be able to create interesting patterns, zigzags, circles and various shapes.
In order not to harm gatsania and skillfully decorate your garden, do not plant tall plants next to it, which will create a shade that is unacceptable for it.
If you want gazania to have large flowers, you need to plant seedlings for it. It is important to know that the plant begins to bloom when at least three months have passed since the emergence of shoots. That is why sowing seeds in May will give results only in August or even closer to its completion. This time is unfavorable, if we talk about our country, because frosts can already begin on a large part of its territory, which are unacceptable for gatsaniya.
To understand when it is better to sow the seeds of the plant in question in 2018, you can turn to the lunar calendar for help:
- February 21-27;
- In March, it is recommended to sow twice: from the 5-9th and the 20th-25th;
- April 4-8 are considered auspicious days.
When planting seeds and seedlings, you need to take into account the climatic conditions of each specific region. In areas where the warm spring and summer begins later, it is best to start the sowing process in March. This is explained by the fact that you should not keep the seedlings at home for too long, because this makes them weaker and thinner. Due to the fact that gatsania loves a lot of warm light, planting it too early, be prepared to provide it with high-quality lighting with a lamp.
At what air temperatures to sow seeds and plant seedlings
When picking gatsania seedlings, you need to be especially careful
The most acceptable temperature for planting seeds is +18 degrees. Before germination, this indicator is increased to +22 degrees. As soon as the seedlings begin to rise above ground level in the box, the temperature is again reduced to +18 degrees.
The further development of gazania occurs at a temperature not higher than +15 or +16 degrees. If it is higher, then the plant will stretch up strongly and will be less strong.
Before landing in open ground, gatsaniya is taken out into the street, first for 40 minutes. Every day this time is increased so that the plant gets used to the temperature outside.
When to plant gatsania when growing from seed + step by step instructions
It is necessary to grow seeds for seedlings in well-prepared soil. For this, light, nutritious, moisture-permeable soil is used. The most suitable option is a mixture of peat and sifted sand in a 1: 1 ratio, as well as turf and compost in a 2: 2 ratio. If the total volume of soil is 10 liters, do not forget to add complex mineral fertilizer to it (no more than 3 matchboxes).
- Before placing the seeds in the ground, it must be calcined at a high temperature for about 3 hours.
- After that, a highly saturated solution of potassium permanganate is added to it, cooled and poured into a container, where seedlings will grow.
- At the bottom of a low box for seedlings, 10 mm of expanded clay is poured, on top of which prepared soil is poured. Its height should be within 30 mm. For the seeds to germinate faster, they need to be soaked in hydrogen peroxide for 3 hours.
- Well-tamped soil is watered abundantly with water and seeds are laid out in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of 20 mm from each other.
- Then another 10 mm of soil is poured on top of them, sprayed with water and tightly pulled over the box with plastic wrap. So the seeds will germinate faster. Regular airing of crops and drying of the film will help to avoid the appearance of mold. In this case, you need to ensure that the room with the seedlings is warm, therefore it is recommended to install the container near the battery.
- Seeds sprout in a week. In order not to harm them, open the film and rearrange it closer to the sunlight in a place where there is no draft at all. Watering is carried out only on well-dried soil.
How to sow at home: video for beginners
In order not to damage the root system of gating during transplantation into open ground, it is recommended to dive the young when the sprouts are with 4 leaves. Peat cups are used for picking (their volume should not exceed 200 ml). In them, almost to the very top, soil is poured with an acidity level of pH from 5.5 to 6.5. Having made a depression in the container, the seedlings are buried up to the cotyledon leaves. So they grow until the moment they are planted in a flower bed.
How to pick into pots: video guide
Care in the garden from the moment of planting in the open ground until autumn
Planting in open ground is carried out in a stably warm time.
Immediately after sowing the seeds, calculate the approximate time when you will plant aeration in open ground. This should be a period of no frost and extreme cold. In this case, the soil should warm up by at least 40 cm.
Compost is poured onto a pre-selected sunny plot of land and dug up. Keeping a distance of 20 cm from each other, holes are dug to a depth of 20 cm. Before lowering the peat pot into the ground, pour the hole abundantly with water, pour a tablespoon of fertilizer (potassium, superphosphate, earth).
How to care during growth
During growth, the flowers are not heavily watered. Make sure that there are not many tall weeds growing around, which will block the sunlight necessary for the plant. Weed the soil directly near the gatzania carefully so as not to damage the root, which is quite close to the surface. That is why experts advise not to loosen the soil. So that the soil does not lose moisture and does not become covered with weeds, the soil must be mulched (with peat or compost).
With proper care, gazania blooms last about 20 days. As a result, pick off wilted flowers in time to encourage the emergence of new ones.
Do not forget to feed the plant with a complete mineral fertilizer once a month or a month and a half, which includes potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus.
How to prepare a plant for winter
Most often, with the arrival of winter, the bushes are cut off, and the roots are dug up. However, if you want to keep some gazenias in bloom until next season, dig them up and plant them in a pot. At the same time, make sure that the clod of earth in which the plant has grown all summer remains intact. Place the flower in a room with a temperature not higher than +8 or +10 degrees. It is necessary to water it only when the ground is almost completely dry. With the arrival of spring, the stems are cut and the root is planted in a new bed.
What problems do gardeners have with growing and their solution
Both young and adult plants do not tolerate overflow
Like all plants, gatsania is also susceptible to pests from which it suffers and may die. These include slugs, aphids, spider mites, and snails.
Pest control methods:
- You can prevent the appearance of ticks and slugs by regularly weeding the area where gatsania grows, as well as pouring slaked lime between the bushes. In addition, a spider mite can be killed with Ditox, Fufanon;
- It will be possible to get rid of snails only by manually collecting them, preventing them from spreading more;
- To combat aphids, Aktara, Fitoverm, Biotlin are used.
If you notice that brown spots have appeared on the leaves, increasing in number every day, be prepared for the flower to be struck by gray rot. In this case, it will be very difficult to save the bush, so it is better to dig up heavily infected plants and take them away from the site. To prevent the occurrence of such a disease, the following rules must be observed:
- Do not over-water the gazania;
- Plant it in a well-lit area;
- The soil should be regularly ventilated, but free from drafts;
- For prophylaxis, occasionally spray flowers with Fitosporin.
In some cases, gardeners claim that the plant does not bloom for a long time. The reason for this lies in the improper care of gatsania or the bad place in which it grows.
Reviews about growing a flower
If you want to decorate a flower bed or a house, you must definitely pay your attention to gating. A bright, unusual, unpretentious plant will delight you with its large flowers throughout the summer until severe frosts. Just do not forget about careful and proper care of it, so that the flower is not exposed to pests and is not lost in the shade of large trees.
Rate the article:
(7 votes, average: 4.4 out of 5)
Share with your friends!
- 1. Gatsania: growing from seeds with a photo
- 1.1. When to sow gatsaniya?
- 1.2. How to sow gatsaniya on seedlings?
- 1.3. Where and how to sow gatsaniya?
- 1.4. Exotic gatsaniya: growing from seeds and caring for seedlings
- 1.5. How to grow healthy gatsania seedlings?
- 2. When to dive gatsin?
- 2.1. How to dive gats: the choice of capacity
- 2.2. Preparing gatsania for landing at a permanent place
- 3. Gatsania: planting, as well as caring for an adult plant
- 4. How to keep gating in winter?
Gatsania (gazania) is a popular bedding plant found naturally in South Africa. The flowers resemble a large chamomile or gerbera. Previously, gatsania was a typical greenhouse plant that was cut for bouquets (like eustoma, which is dedicated to the publication Growing eustoma from seeds for seedlings - for home or open ground). Today, gatsania is equally successfully grown in indoor conditions, as well as in containers and flowerpots (for a balcony, loggia, patio) and, of course, in the garden.
Accurate adherence to the terms of planting in open ground will allow you to get a healthy and beautiful gating. Planting and care (photos of these procedures below) begin with an assessment of the quality of the seeds.
ON THE PICTURE: Gatsania seeds are medium in size and have pubescence, like most plants of the Compositae family, their germination depends on the age of collection. Seeds that have been stored for more than two years are no longer worth using.
Annual and perennial gats - growing and care in the open field
Gazania (gazania) gazania rigens - harsh or shiny. The name comes from the name of the Greek philosopher and humanist Theodore Gaza.
It grows in its natural environment in South Africa and Australia, in our area it is not very well known. Belongs to the family Asteraceae L., belongs to the higher order of dicotyledons. Like a chamomile, it is suitable for group plantings, including perennial compositions.
In nature, it is often found in the lower parts of alpine meadows. Grows in South Africa, Mozambique, Tanzania, Angola, grows rapidly in Australia, New Zealand, California, Mediterranean. Due to its exotic origin and external resemblance to chamomile, it is called African chamomile. Perennial gazania has long narrow leaves, whole or patchwork. Leaves are:
The stem is surrounded by leaves forming a rosette. The leaf blade is covered with hairs below.
Plant care is simple.
The flower blooms in various colors:
- rose red
- red brown.
Photo. Perennial plantings of gazania
Sometimes the middle is shaded: inside it is darker, outside it is lighter. The most common variation is yellow.
Flowers close on cloudy, dark days, open on sunny days. This is one of the most characteristic features of gatzania. Not suitable for cutting, precisely because of the closure of the buds.
Photo. Closed gatsania buds on a cloudy day and at night.
The plant is undemanding to care for, rarely gets sick, if you provide it with the right conditions when planting.
Location, soil requirements, watering, fertilization
It is best to perform the gatzania planting in a sunny location.Even in slightly shaded exposures, if there is not enough sunlight, perennial flowers will not grow. On cloudy days and rainy years, gatsania blooms poorly, the flowers remain closed, fall off.
Perennial African chamomile needs to be planted on fertile, not too wet, well-loosened garden soils. The pH value of the soil does not matter. On highly permeable soils, gating requires frequent watering for the first two weeks after planting. When a perennial young plant takes root, it suffers a short-term drought - it becomes easier to care for.
The peculiarity of a perennial plant is that it tolerates drought well. If there is a shortage of water, flowering is weaker, so it is recommended to water the gats well in hot and dry weather. You do not need to water the plant too often, abundantly, it is enough to water as the soil dries up. It is better to moisten the soil in the morning so that the water remaining on the leaves can dry out before night. Such care for gatsania will allow you to avoid fungal diseases on perennial bushes.
Some growers advise, to make the gazania bloom longer and more abundant, constantly remove faded flowers and add a little dressing with each watering.
It's worth knowing! To prolong the flowering of gatsania, you need to cut off the faded flowers.
Gatsania can be planted in flower beds, flower beds, rockeries, in containers, at home in a pot. Perennial African chamomile grown in a container is more demanding to care for - you need regular watering and fertilization. Excessive irrigation of potted perennials should be avoided because they do not tolerate waterlogging well. Wait until the soil is dry until the next watering. At the bottom of the pot, drainage and a protective drain are required. Every 14 days after planting, the flower is fed with fertilizer for perennial flowering plants.
Photo. Perennial home gating on the windowsill
How to keep gating in winter?
Gazania brilliant is usually grown as an annual plant, but under appropriate conditions, you can give it the opportunity to be perennial, keeping the bushes for the winter.
In order for the plant to overwinter and become perennial, prepare for winter. The stages of work are as follows:
- You need to cut off all flowering shoots.
- Before the first frost, an African flower is dug out of the soil and planted in a pot.
- The pot is placed in a dry place, well lit by natural light, where the temperature does not drop below 0 ° C in winter. The optimal wintering temperature for gatsaniya is 5-10 degrees Celsius. The potted substrate is kept slightly damp throughout the winter so as not to dry out the roots. In this way, the preservation of the flower is carried out until next year;
- At the end of February, the plant is divided and transplanted into fresh soil. During the next stage, the pot is moved to a warmer, brighter room (the air temperature is maintained at 15 ° C) and watering is started more often in order to slowly awaken the perennial from winter dormancy.
- After May 15, in cold regions in early June, when the risk of frost has passed, you can start planting in open ground.
Growing gatsania from seeds
The sowing time of this plant for seedlings directly depends on the area with what climate the gardener lives. In the event that a cold and late spring is observed, then excessively early sowing of seeds will require additional lighting of seedlings. Without additional lighting, the plant will grow and develop much more slowly due to lack of light. Sowing seeds, for example, in May will lead to the fact that you can admire the flowering of gatsania relatively later. In this regard, it is recommended to sow seeds in the second half of March, and preferably in mid-April. For sowing, high containers are used, this is necessary so that the rod long root does not bend during the growth process. The soil mixture for sowing should be taken well-drained, light with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. Sowing should be done sparsely. You can simply distribute the seeds over the surface of the substrate in a checkerboard pattern, while the distance between them should be from 2 to 3 centimeters. A thin layer of substrate can be poured over the seeds, or they can also simply be pressed a little into the soil. Moisten crops from a sprayer and cover the container with foil or glass. Then it is removed to a well-lit, sufficiently warm (from 18 to 20 degrees) place. Remember that it is necessary to remove condensation from the shelter and arrange ventilation every day. The first seedlings will appear after 7-15 days.
If seedlings are grown in a deep container, then in this case she will not need a pick. In other cases, after the fourth true leaf is formed on the plant, it will need to be planted in a peat-baked pot. Then the seedlings are removed for growing in a place where it is somewhat cooler (from 12 to 16 degrees), while a loggia, which is insulated, but not heated, will be an excellent option. From this point on, you should start hardening the plants. To do this, it is necessary to open the window window for some time every day, while protecting the gats from drafts.
"African chamomile" prefers to grow in bright sunlight, in a well-drained area and at high temperatures. Despite its tropical origin, the plant can withstand extreme temperature fluctuations. For example, a sudden cold snap to 5-7 degrees of frost will not affect the full life of flower crops.
Moderate watering is carried out daily only in the absence of rain for a long time. In other conditions, you can water the flowers 2-3 times a month with the obligatory subsequent loosening of the beds.
Pruning and maintaining the soil
Regular pruning of wilted flower buds will encourage a large number of new buds to form. The soil needs constant weeding, but you can replace it with mulching. Mulch will not only almost completely eliminate the appearance of weeds, but also keep the soil moist for a longer time.
Top dressing and fertilizers
The amount of dressings and their frequency depend on the composition of the soil at the planting site. Poor and depleted soil and rocky garden areas should be fed regularly every 15 to 20 days. Flower beds with fertile soil can be fed with mineral fertilizers once every 30-40 days. For each square meter of land, you will need about 25 g of nutritious mineral fertilizer.
Why you should give preference to Gatsania
Firstly, this plant is perennial and ideal for those who do not have the opportunity to regularly water the plants in their garden.
Secondly, this South African flower tolerates strong winds and is not afraid of light frosts (up to -7 C).
Thirdly, the flowering of Gatsania can delight all year round, so the plant is suitable for decorative cultivation on the balcony in pots and pots.
Having turned your gaze at least once to a sunny chamomile from Africa, you can be amazed at how rich its color palette, the variety of combinations of bright colors and gorgeous look. How much she transforms the garden with her presence, and how easy it is to care for. Looking at photos of landscape and decorative compositions, you can try to grow Gatsania yourself, at home, in order to further admire not only pictures.