Girlish grapes for landscaping the site - what is it good for and how to grow it?

 Girlish grapes for landscaping the site - what is it good for and how to grow it?

On a sultry summer afternoon, a cozy gazebo, which is completely covered with green leaves of girlish grapes, becomes a real salvation! Lush greenery gives a refreshing coolness, and even if it does not look as impressive as climbing roses, it requires almost no maintenance.

What is a maiden five-leaf grape

On a sultry summer afternoon, a cozy gazebo, which is completely covered with green foliage girlish grapes, becomes a real salvation! Lush greenery gives a refreshing coolness, and even if it does not look as impressive as climbing roses, it requires almost no maintenance.

In the photo, landscaping with girlish grapes

Of ten species of vines of the genus Parthenocissus (parthenocissus), growing in East Asia and North America, only three are used for decorative purposes: ivy grapes (tri-pointed), attached, and also virgin or five-leafed. The latter species is best suited for growing in Russian conditions, since the plant, even without shelter, is able to tolerate frosty winters well.

Why are decorative grapes called maiden? There is a simple explanation for this: the flowers of a plant do not need pollen fertilization to form seeds. It is because of this "immaculate conception" that the liana was named "virgin ivy" (in Greek: partenos kisses).

Video about beautiful girlish grapes

Since the 17th century, public parks and private estates have been decorated with virgin grapes. Gazebos, arches, terraces and balconies twined with green ivy look very picturesque! The popular liana is often used to decorate the walls of houses, outbuildings, pillars, and is also grown as a hedge.

Climbing shoots of parthenocissus can reach 15-20 m, climbing up the support or gracefully drooping down. In the summer months, the vines are densely covered with dark green five-part leaves, by the fall, the foliage acquires a bright purple color, and clusters of small bluish-black berries (inedible) stand out beautifully against its background.

Pros and cons of girlish grapes

Experienced gardeners' opinions regarding virgin grapes often diverge. Some believe that there is no better way to hide the unsightly facade of a house or disguise an old barn, while others are sure that the lush green of ivy will definitely lead to the destruction of the foundation and the buildings themselves. Why do they love this green liana, and what shortcomings should you know in advance?

Photo of a five-leaf grape

Five-leaf grapes have many advantages:

  • It looks attractive from early summer to mid-autumn;
  • grows abundantly along the support, providing a dense green curtain;
  • not afraid of Russian frosts;
  • can grow on any soil;
  • content with even tiny patches of land;
  • successfully develops both in sunny areas and in the shade;
  • practically not susceptible to diseases and pests;
  • very quickly gaining growth (2-3 m per year);
  • fertilizer is enough to apply only when planting;
  • its reproduction does not cause difficulties;
  • dense foliage protects the walls of the house from overheating, dust, wind and rain, reduces dampness inside the room and near the foundation.

In the photo girlish grapes

However, despite all these advantages, some gardeners are wary of American grapes. The fact is that ivy growing near the house can launch its strong shoots under the slate or shingles on the roof, causing them to collapse, or it can penetrate into the gutter and clog it. Growing up, lush vines completely cover the windows, creating darkness in the house. But all this mess can be dealt with if you closely monitor the lush plant and prune excess shoots in a timely manner.

The more serious problem is the long and aggressive roots of the parthenocissus. Capturing space underground, the roots can spread up to several meters, causing great harm to the rest of the "inhabitants" of the garden. Even weeds under ornamental grapes grow with difficulty, and cultivated plants cannot take root at all.

You also need to take into account that the parthenocissus in the spring begins to come to life much later than the rest of the plants, and for a long time it presents itself as a dull picture of naked confused shoots, while everything in the garden turns green and blooms.

Photo of parthenocissus

Maiden grapes - growing without hassle and worries

If the disadvantages of parthenocissus do not scare you, try to grow it on your site, especially since it is very easy to do it. According to gardeners who already have maiden grapes growing on the site, planting it looks simple: just stick a stalk into the ground and water it, and then the plant will develop on its own, just have time to cut off the extra lashes.

For those who like to do everything in detail, we will tell you in order how to grow girlish grapes:

  • dig in a suitable place a hole of the right size for the cutting;
  • mix the soil from the pit with compost and sand, add two handfuls of fertilizer;
  • lay a drainage layer (broken brick, crushed stone or coarse sand) on the bottom of the hole;
  • pour part of the soil mixture on top;
  • place the cutting in the hole at a slight slope;
  • cover the seedling with the remaining soil mixture;
  • form an irrigation hole so that precipitation is trapped in it;
  • water the grapes well;
  • for a small plant, you can make a support or tie up a wire to make it easier for ivy to climb up.

To decorate the facade of the house, it is not necessary to build a support: the parthenocissus can cling to the slightest roughness on smooth walls with the help of suction cups at the ends of the antennae.

Ivy, planted in fertile, moisture-permeable soil in a lighted place on the south side of the house, will turn out to be especially beautiful. The Virginian grapes, planted on the north side, do not turn into wonderful crimson-red tones in the autumn months and do not form picturesque bunches of berries. However, dark green foliage in the fall also looks attractive.

Photo of maiden grapes

How to care for a girl's grape after planting?

Due to the amazing unpretentiousness of the parthenocissus, all caring for it can be reduced to rare watering in drought and to trimming unnecessary lashes. But if you want to see a lush, well-groomed handsome man on your plot, create more comfortable conditions for ivy for growth.

Watering decorative grapesit requires a moderate one: during the season it will be enough to water it 3-4 times, using about 10 liters of water for each plant. In hot weather, water more often (make sure that the soil does not dry out completely). At the beginning of summer, together with watering, it is recommended to fertilize the vine with nitroammophos, and during active growth, apply a complex fertilizer.

During the summer, you need to periodically remove weeds, loosen the soil and add it in case of exposure of the roots. A beneficial effect will be given by mulching the trunk circle with peat, compost or humus with a layer of about 6 cm. In the fall, mulch is embedded in the soil and a new one is immediately poured.

Video about girlish grapes

In the spring virgin grapes during the dormant period, the frozen tips of the branches are cut off, dried, weakened, damaged shoots and those that have grown outside the territory allotted for ivy are removed.

Ivy propagation cuttings can be cut at any time by choosing twigs with 4-5 healthy buds. Propagated five-leaf grapes and seeds, if the fruits have time to fully ripen in the Russian climate, but this method is more troublesome than rooting cuttings. It is even easier to propagate the liana with whip layers, dropping it horizontally into the soil so that the top with the buds remains above the ground.

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Girlish grapes in the garden - planting rules and subtleties of care

The main decoration of the garden is maiden grapes. Planting and caring for him does not require much effort, but a novice gardener needs to know their features.

The most unpretentious liana grows in any climate and on any soil, it is not afraid of low temperatures and dry summers.

Landscaping professionals use maiden grapes for vertical landscaping of gardens.

Maiden grapes: nnatural characteristics

The maiden grape belongs to the grape family. Its growth rate is about 3 meters per year. The length of the vines reaches 30 m. The maiden grapes are able to climb up any flat surface without any problems, be it a rock or a wall of a house. Growing up, it creates a fairly dense foliage cover. And thanks to the attachment to the wall with its disc-shaped suction cups, the girl's grapes do not need support. It can withstand frosts down to -24C.

The shoots of the first year of planting, in the absence of snow, dying or freezing, in the spring will begin to grow even better. Maiden grapes in the fall pleases the eye with purple and orange leaves, crimson paints. If desired, you can also grow maiden grapes, which pleases the eye with green leaves all year round, but it belongs to heat-loving plants and requires enhanced protection during cold weather.

Features of planting seeds

You can get seeds for planting the Maiden Grape directly from its fruits. This will require collecting ripe fruits.

As a rule, the berries begin to ripen in the period from mid-September. After collecting them, they will need to be laid out on a dry surface for two to three weeks, and after a period of time, carefully cut the skin and remove the seeds. After washing and drying, the grape seeds are transferred to a paper envelope and determined in a dry place. Planting materials can also be purchased from a specialist store.

You can plant grapes with cuttings, layering and root suckers in spring, summer, and autumn. In this case, the planting material takes root quickly and does not require special care. Seeds are recommended to be planted in spring. Moreover, it is not necessary to harvest seedlings for this. It is enough to properly prepare the material and the soil, feeding and loosening it in the future.

Winter hardy grape varieties

The most necessary requirements for grape varieties in the Moscow region and to the north are frost resistance, the ripening period of the harvest and vines. But one should not put so-called "non-concealment" at the forefront. This concept is relative and does not depend on the variety, but on what are the minimum temperatures in winter in your country house. In the first step, choose the earliest frost-resistant varieties. Later, with experience, an understanding will come that northern viticulture also provides us with certain bonuses, for example, in the form of long daylight hours, which partially compensates for the missing warmth of the grapes. And then you can try growing later varieties.

In addition, in the north, there are practically no diseases and pests of grapes. However, it is always better to prevent danger. There are so-called complex-resistant grape varieties - with high resistance to both frost and disease.

Also determine the purpose of the grapes. Why do you need it: for the table, for juice and wine, for decorating the gazebo, or just "so that it was"? Today there are more than 15,000 grape varieties, so there is plenty to choose from.

I will advise beginners about delicious and unpretentious table varieties Agat Donskoy , Aleshenkin, Jubilee Novgorod, universal Platovsky, Crystal, ultra early canteen Beauty of Nikopol, as well as some universal Amur hybrids A.I. Potapenko and F.I. Shatilova. Those who have children should pay attention to the super early and mildly sweet varieties. Liepaja Amber and Early Tsiravsky (selection by G.E. Vesmins), as well as for the variety Beauty of the North with a high content of useful folic acid. From the listed grape varieties, select no more than four to five for the first planting.

How to buy grape seedlings and rooting cuttings

The most reliable sources of planting material are wine growers' clubs and forums, where enthusiastic and experienced gardeners and collectors communicate, as well as MOIP and TSKHA. You should not buy seedlings and cuttings at spontaneous roadside markets and exhibitions (of course, this does not apply to the stands of well-known nurseries).

Maiden grapes: reproduction, planting and care. How to reproduce the "descendants" of the gardens of Babylon

Maiden grapes were used in landscape design in ancient times. The one who decided to plant it on his site most likely does not know that he can recreate one of the "seven wonders of the world", namely the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.

Back in the 9th century. BC. The Assyrian queen became famous for using vines in her garden. They were densely entwined with stepped terraces. As you know, with the help of lianas, it is possible to create the most bizarre shapes, the most unexpected and original solutions: jewelry of unusual shape, and at the same time - alive! It is not difficult to grow such an original plant. After all, girlish grapes reproduce very well.

So, the "descendants" of the gardens of Semiramis - maiden grapes, can be propagated in several ways:
• Layers
• Cuttings
• Seeds
• Root offspring

Reproduction and planting of maiden grapes

Choosing a landing site

Girlish grapes are not picky about the place of planting. It can be planted on both the north and south sides. It's just that the color of the grape leaves depends to a great extent on the lighting. Foliage growing in the sun will acquire rich orange, purple and other shades of red. But the grapes planted on the north side can leave in the winter with green foliage. Thus, by varying the illumination, you can achieve the desired color of the leaves. However, it is better, of course, that girlish grapes grow in lighted areas. There he grows faster, his foliage is larger, and the colors are more picturesque. Buy seedlings of decorative grapes You can visit our partner site Agronomov.RU

There are also no strict planting requirements at the time of the season. It has been established that maiden grapes take root equally well in spring and autumn. Experts advise, however, to plant the vine in the fall - in September or early October.

Maiden grapes grow on all cultivated soils. It is known that when planting it, gardeners do not use any special agricultural techniques. There are no tricks here either. However, there are still expert recommendations.
About a week before planting a sapling of girlish grapes, the soil must be dug up. Drainage is laid in a pit 50-60 cm deep (broken brick can serve as it), a layer of sand about 20 cm is poured.Then a soil mixture is prepared from leaf earth, compost and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1 and the pit is filled with it.

We advise you to read about vines: Maiden grapes and its varieties "" Growing wisteria "" Wisteria in the suburbs "" Growing kobei "" Kobey climbing ""

Maiden grapes: propagation by layering

For reproduction by layering, you can choose a longer lash, with buds (layering), and plant it in a groove dug about 5 cm deep. Layers tend to be like a sine wave. So they are planted: one wave in the ground, another - above the ground, again in the ground, and everything is repeated. Pin the whip that is in the ground with an ordinary hairpin or an unbent paper clip. Water well.

Another method of propagating maiden grapes uses a shorter cut. In the same shallow groove, previously watered, a whip is placed, raising its top above the ground by 10-15 cm, and in this position it is carefully sprinkled with earth. So that the layering does not change position, you can put a support under it.

Methods for growing grapes in the country

Vine by nature, grapes require a support to ensure normal fruiting. In the wild, these are tree trunks, but in the country, supports must be created. The presence of supports helps to form a bush according to the selected scheme and provides convenience in caring for it.

Growing on a long vine

When they say "growing grapes on a long vine", they do not mean by this the long-term cultivation of the crop itself, but the method of planting. The fact is that planting habitual cuttings in some areas with the hands of inexperienced gardeners does not lead to mandatory success, and in this case there is another method of planting. It needs a really long vine: a piece of an annual shoot up to one and a half meters long, or even more. This piece is cut off in the fall, soaked in water for a day and immediately buried in the planting hole. Indeed, they bury it, rolling it up in a hole in a ring and releasing only 1–2 kidneys outside. They fill the hole with soil, water it and leave it for the winter, covering it with spruce branches for reliability.

Usually, with this method of planting, stronger roots are formed, but in this option, an irrigation pipe, dug into a hole in advance, is necessary: ​​water will be required for the lower parts of the vine, from the buds of which the roots will form. The future bush is formed as usual: according to the method chosen by the gardener.

Growing in a greenhouse

Most varieties mature two to three weeks earlier in the greenhouse. Even an unheated greenhouse protects the grapes from hail, acid rain, damage from light frosts. Grapes are planted in the greenhouse so that a little more than a meter remains between the bushes, and half a meter from the walls of the greenhouse. The advantage of growing grapes in a greenhouse is the ability to regulate the amount of incoming moisture, but you have to water it yourself. In the greenhouse, over the summer, the grapes are watered at least three times, while fertilizing them. Watering is stopped in August, but watering in the winter is also required.

In the summer, it is necessary to ventilate the greenhouse so that condensation does not accumulate, and the air humidity is not close to 100%. Shelter for the winter in a greenhouse is still required. What is the point of using greenhouses? After all, grapes are not tomatoes, they are a very large liana, and you will have to tinker with them a lot. Of the advantages - a guaranteed harvest and an extension of the growing season, ease of use in bad weather. However, there are many disadvantages. The main thing, of course, is the cost. But there is also an increased risk of fungal diseases due to poor ventilation of the bushes and, perhaps most importantly, a smaller amount of natural sunlight reaching the berries, and hence all that for which we do not really like greenhouse products.

Growing on trellises and other supports

The most common way of growing grapes in the country is on any suitable supports, most often on the so-called trellises. Supports can look different: from crossed vertical and horizontal pipes to metal or plastic mesh with large (20-30 cm) meshes. The even distribution of the arms and vines ensures optimal lighting and ventilation of the bush.

For the installation of trellises, it is necessary to drive the required number of strong posts or metal pipes into the ground. Their height above the ground should be from 2 to 3 meters (depending on the grape variety and the owner's preferences). The quantity is such that they firmly hold the thick wire stretched between them and the load of bushes with the harvest that will fall on this wire. Usually 4-5 horizontal rows of wire are pulled. The lower tier is placed at a distance of 50 cm from the ground, the subsequent ones - every 30-50 cm.

In the spring, after opening the grapes, the overwintered vines are tied horizontally to the bottom wire. Young shoots appearing in summer are tied up in an upright position, while breaking out the excess ones. Leave no more than 30 shoots per adult bush. Both the number of shoots and the weight of the crop are normalized in time, removing extra brushes.

Growing in barrels

In the southern regions, grapes are grown even in barrels, placing them on balconies. You can do this in the middle lane, but already on a glazed loggia. But there is no point in planting in barrels at the dacha, except in cases of areas that are not at all adapted to viticulture. In such cases, for the winter, the barrels, together with the bushes, are buried in the open ground at the dacha, and in the early spring the barrels are transferred to the greenhouse. In the greenhouse, the grapes are allowed to bloom and set fruits, and after the frost stops, they take it out into the fresh air and put it in the sunniest place. In barrels, grapes can grow up to 8-10 years.

The barrel should have a volume of 200–250 liters. Several holes must be made in the bottom for water drainage. Drainage is placed on the bottom - a layer of fine gravel, then fertile soil. Varieties for planting in barrels should be medium-sized, early and disease-resistant. The vines are grown with no more than 10 buds, so the harvest, of course, cannot be compared with the usual one that is obtained in natural conditions.

Growing in containers

It is not always possible to place a 250-liter barrel on the farm, and then you can try to use slightly smaller containers for growing grapes. You can find both plastic containers of 50 liters, and you can take an ordinary plastic bag up to 50 cm in size in each dimension. After placing good soil with fertilizers in it, you can plant a grape cut and do the same as with a barrel. The trouble is that the plant will begin to lack such a volume of soil very soon. Perhaps the bush will have time to give the first small harvest. Maybe even two. But then it still has to be transplanted into the ground (open ground or greenhouse) by cutting the container. Thus, the term "growing in a container" does not refer to a full-fledged bush of grapes, but to a seedling.

Liana care

Growing grapes comes down to the direction of their branches during growth. It does not require maintenance, you can even water it only 4 times a year with a bucket of water under each bush. And if you mulch the plant with humus, then you don't need to water it at all. In the summer, weeds are periodically removed, the soil is loosened, the earth is poured if the roots are suddenly exposed.

In early spring, pruning is carried out, which consists in removing excess lashes, frozen and broken shoots. To facilitate the formation of grapes in the future, it is preferable to immediately train the vine to grow in a fan. For this, the main lashes are laid in beams in the correct form, and all subsequently evading shoots are removed.

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