The medicinal properties of wild garlic and angular onions

The medicinal properties of wild garlic and angular onions

Read the previous part. ← Healing properties of perennial onions



Ramson. Bear and victory bow are most often found under this name. In the wild wild garlic distributed in Western and Eastern Siberia, in the Far East, in the European part of Russia, especially on the Kola Peninsula and in the North Caucasus. It lives in forests and forest edges.

When transferred to culture, its high antimicrobial effect is preserved. Bulbs and a false stem with leaves are used for food, which have a pungent taste with a garlic aroma. Fresh wild garlic tastes good. Its leaves contain up to 195 mg / 100 g of vitamin C, and bulbs - up to 100. Its leaves contain up to 0.087% of an essential oil containing sulfur. Its leaves and bulbs also contain essential oil, which is similar in composition to that of garlic, alliin glycoside, saponins, vegetable wax, pectin substances.

Ramson is one of the favorite plants of the population of Siberia. They also use it fresh, and salted and fermented... In places where wild garlic grows, its leaves are used to prepare various salads, snacks, for dressing in first courses and as a wonderful filling for pies. In Buryatia and Kyrgyzstan, wild garlic is used to season dishes from lamb and manti. In China, it is used for steeping meat and game.

Ramson has long been used as medicinal plant... Its healing power is instinctively felt by forest and domestic animals. Sick cats and dogs run away into the taiga, eat it and return home healthy. The content in the bulbs of highly active phytoncides with strong antiscorbutic, insecticidal, bactericidal and fungicidal (antifungal) properties significantly exceeds their amount in garlic and horseradish.


The whole wild garlic plant is widely used in Tibetan medicine. The famous doctor of the Middle Ages, Avicenna, recommended using wild garlic for abscesses, chronic cough, dropsy, snake bites and rabid dogs. Her, like garlic, used for toothache and vitamin deficiencies, and juice mixed with alcohol - for rinsing with periodontal disease; fresh and salted, it is recommended to use it to reduce inflammation in the oral cavity.

Fresh wild garlic is used for the prevention and treatment of colds and infectious diseases. It is also used as a fortifying, anti-inflammatory, anti-febrile, anticonvulsant agent, is able to increase the amplitude of heart contractions, stimulate respiration and blood circulation.

Ramson increases the secretory and motor activity of the stomach and intestines, stimulates appetite, is used to treat gastrointestinal diseases (dysentery, dyspepsia, atonic constipation, bloating). For disorders, fresh onions and infusion of bulbs, as well as a mixture of freshly crushed bulbs with sour milk, are used. Ramson is a good anthelmintic. At the same time, it is consumed fresh inside, enemas are made from the infusion of the bulbs.

Ramson is used to treat atherosclerosis, hypertension and associated dizziness and insomnia, as a blood purifier for skin rashes and scrofulous lichen. Alcohol tincture is used for rheumatism. It is widely used in folk medicine for the treatment of tuberculosis, bronchitis, cough, thyroid diseases, neurasthenia, dropsy. Tea made from fresh or dried wild garlic arrows is used for bladder irritation and frequent urge to urinate.

Fresh juice is instilled into the ear for purulent inflammation. Gruel from freshly crushed bulbs is used for wound healing, applied to the affected areas with scabies and dermatomycosis. There is evidence of the healing effect of wild garlic in case of poisoning with salts of heavy metals, in particular mercury and lead. Ramson is a good honey plant and a preservative. Its antibiotic phytoncides can be used in the storage of perishable food.

Crushed or finely chopped leaves protect meat and fish from quick spoilage. Also used to fight plant diseases.

Angular bow

Angular bow widespread in Western and Eastern Siberia. It is also grown in the European part of Russia. In the wild, it is found in low places, in meadows, in valleys. Among rare species Lukegrown on personal plots, angular grows back in the spring one of the first.

Angular bow

His leaves and bulbs are edible, which can be eaten raw in salads and used as a seasoning for soups, gravies, meat, fish and vegetable dishes, and to prepare filling for pies from them. They can also be dried, salted and fermented for the winter. The leaves taste like wild garlic, taste good, tender, do not coarse for a long time, contain up to 13.4% of dry matter and up to 12.4% of sugars. They are distinguished by a high content of vitamin C - up to 118.6 mg / 100 g - and carotene, organic acids and mineral compounds.

Angular onions are also used as a medicine - for the prevention of vitamin deficiencies - and as an ornamental plant. Oblique onions are called garlic, mountain garlic, flask, vinegar, uskun, giant, sandy, sometimes - incorrectly - wild garlic. This type of onion grows widely in the European part of Russia, it is found in the middle and steppe zones of the Trans-Volga region, in Western and Eastern Siberia, in Central Asia and in northwest China.

In natural habitats, it occurs in Altai, in the Novosibirsk region in the form of thickets along river valleys, on forest mountain meadows, on wooded slopes. Its leaves and bulb have a specific garlic aroma and pungent taste.

Delicate leaves are superior in taste to the batun onion. Oblique onion is a valuable vitamin plant. The leaves contain up to 16.2% dry matter, 70-80 mg / 100 g of ascorbic acid, 3-4 mg / 100 g of carotene. They contain fiber, sugars, protein, essential oil, as well as coumarins, glycosides, saponins, tannins. The leaves are also rich in minerals. The population uses it instead of fresh garlic in spring and summer, in autumn for pickling vegetables, meat, for canning food.

They are prepared for future use, salting like wild garlic. Oblique onion is a valuable fungicidal, ornamental and melliferous plant. Bulbs can also be used as raw materials for the production of glue, scales as a natural dye. The chemical composition of various types of onions is shown in table. 1. The vitamin value of various types of onions is presented in table. 2. It should be borne in mind that the biochemical composition of onions depends on many reasons: these are the soil, and the cultivation technique, and the timing of harvesting greens, but the variety is decisive.

Perennial onions are most widespread in temperate regions, but they are grown far in the north, and especially winter-hardy varieties - beyond the Arctic Circle. We will talk about the features of their agricultural technology in the next issues of the magazine.

V. Perezhogina, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences

Ramson: use, useful properties and growing in the garden

In early spring, as soon as the snow melts, young green leaves appear on the banks of rivers and lakes, on the edges of forests. The shape of the leaves resembles a lily of the valley, and it tastes like real garlic. This is a natural pharmacy for people and animals - wild garlic.

What is wild garlic

Ramson is a perennial herb of the Amaryllidaceae family (Latin Amaryllidaceae). See how the wild garlic plant looks in the photo - pictures of wild garlic:

Appearance (photo) wild garlic

The Latin name is Allium ursinum. The species belongs to the genus Onion (Latin Allium), is listed in the Red Data Books of Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine.

In Russia, the plant is known as bear onion, kalba, wild garlic, flask. In Germany, wild garlic is called bear green onion. This is due to the fact that bears love to feast on wild garlic after hibernation. The plant restores strength and saturates the body with vitamins.

Wild garlic is called wild garlic onion (lat.Allium microdictyon) and victorious onion (lat.Allium victorialis). These species grow mainly in Siberia.

Before flowering, wild garlic resembles a lily of the valley. Bear onions can be distinguished by their characteristic garlic smell.

We told you what wild garlic is. Now let's look at what wild garlic looks like, in which regions it is found and under what conditions it grows.

What does a plant look like

Botanical illustration clearly demonstrates what kind of wild garlic plant it is. It has an elongated basal bulb up to 1 cm thick.

The stems of wild garlic are triangular, erect. Shoots reach a height of 50 cm. Each stem has 2 long, sharp leaves. The petioles are longer than the leaf plate or equal to its length. The width of the sheet is from 3 to 5 cm.

Ramson has a dense umbellate inflorescence of a bundle or hemispherical shape. Petals of small white flowers up to 12 mm long. The plant blooms from May to June.

The seed capsule is spherical, has triangular valves. Ramson bears fruit in July - August.

Now you know what wild garlic is and how it looks. Consider the areas of growth and methods of plant propagation.

How wild garlic grows

Ramson is found throughout Europe, in Turkey, Belarus and Ukraine. On the territory of our country, the bear onion grows everywhere. Where does wild garlic grow in Russia: in the Caucasus, in the central part of the country, Siberia, Primorye and the Far East, with the exception of the Far North.

Ramson is an unpretentious plant that grows rapidly in the wild and occupies new territories. Bear onions prefer moist soil. It grows in shady places: in forests, lower reaches of rivers, foothills, ravines.

Ramson is cultivated as a garden plant. The optimum temperature for her is from 12 to 17 degrees. At temperatures above 20 degrees, the plant loses its taste and useful properties.

Bear onions are propagated by seeds and bulbs. Further in the article, we will tell you more about how to grow wild garlic in a personal plot.

You learned what wild garlic is and where it grows. Consider the chemical composition of useful wild garlic.

How to grow wild garlic in your own garden

It is better to choose a shaded site for planting wild garlic, for example, under trees and, if possible, near water bodies or other sources of moisture. Being a perennial, which, moreover, is capable of self-sowing, you do not need to think about regular planting.

The seeds for planting are harvested directly from the plants. They ripen in the second half of summer. They are planted immediately, without additional processing and stratification. They are sown not deeply, in a well-moistened and nutritious soil. Cover with a layer of mulch on top.

At first, it is necessary to pay attention to watering and weed control, which can quickly completely destroy the entire garden.

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Ramson - what is it and what it looks like

The wild garlic belongs to the onion family, or to be more precise, this plant is actually wild garlic. The inflorescences of wild garlic, which look like a dense bunch of miniature white flowers, are very similar to cultivated types of garlic. Unlike garlic and onions, wild garlic has wide, flat leaves.

In the wild, this culture is found in forests and near rivers, where it covers fairly large areas of the territory. When blooming, as can be seen in the photo, wild garlic forms a snow-white openwork carpet, which is very beautiful, and therefore the fact that the plant is now on the verge of destruction is undoubtedly upsetting. In artificial conditions, wild garlic is propagated by seeds, although it belongs to the bulbous. It is grown for use in medicine and cooking.

Watch the video: Woodsmans Wild Garlic Pesto. Spring Foraging