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Cissus

Cissus


Indoor vine cissus is very popular with flower growers. Also, the advantage of such a culture is its unpretentiousness. That is why both an experienced florist and a beginner can decorate their home with such a vine.

Features of cissus

Cissus is a vine that belongs to the grape family. At home, it is grown as an ampelous plant. The people also call it "home grapes" or "birch". This genus unites about 300 species that can be found in natural conditions. Most of the species in nature grows in areas with subtropical and tropical climates. Cissus grows antennae, with which it clings to the support. The shape of the foliage depends on the variety and can be whole or dissected.

When grown at home on a liana, flowers appear extremely rarely. False inflorescences of an umbrella-shaped form include small faded flowers that are of no decorative value. Liana is appreciated for its beautiful foliage. They grow it in hanging pots. Cissus can be used to decorate both offices and apartments, as well as glazed balconies.

It was noticed by flower growers that if favorable conditions are created for such a vine, then it will delight with very rapid growth. The plant rapidly braids the support, while it grows a large number of lush leafy stems. Liana is often grown in winter gardens.

Cissus Care. Unpretentious ROOM LIANA

Cissus care at home

If you decide to grow cissus at home, then you need to take into account that it does not need any special care. However, in order to grow the most effective vine, you need to know in what conditions it is most comfortable to grow. Also, proper care and suitable conditions for growth will be an excellent prevention of various diseases and the appearance of pests.

Temperature regime

Cissus belongs to heat-loving plants, and therefore, for normal growth and development, it requires: in the summer - from 18 to 25 degrees, and in the autumn-winter period - about 18 degrees. Make sure that the room where the vine is located is not colder than 10 degrees, and it also needs to be protected from sudden changes in temperature and drafts, otherwise all the foliage can fly around it.

Illumination

Needs bright sunlight, but it must be diffused. As a rule, each of the varieties has its own lighting requirements. For example, Antarctic cissus can be grown in shaded areas, so it can be grown in a bathroom or in a hallway with poor lighting. At the same time, rhomboid cissus needs a lot of light.

Watering

Since this is a fast-growing plant with many shoots and lush foliage, special attention should be paid to watering. They should be abundant, but do not let the liquid stagnate in the root system. Keep the potting medium slightly damp at all times. The bush is watered immediately after the top layer of the soil mixture dries up. From about mid-autumn, watering should be reduced.

Humidity

It needs high air humidity, so the bush needs to be moistened from a sprayer quite often. In winter, this is done twice a day, and in summer - once a day. If the bush is not very large, then you can arrange a warm shower for it. For voluminous vines growing on a support, you need to wipe the foliage from time to time with a damp cloth.

Fertilizer

Liana responds well to feeding with any complete complex mineral fertilizer. It is added to the substrate every 7 days throughout the growing season. In winter, the plant does not need a lot of nutrients, so it is not necessary to feed it. However, it should be borne in mind that if in the cold season a rest period was not organized for cissus, then it continues to be fed, but already once every 15 days, and at the same time a nutrient mixture of a lower concentration is used.

Transfer

Young bushes are transplanted annually by transferring them into new pots. From the age of five, transplants are carried out less often, namely, once every 2 or 3 years. At the bottom of the pot, do not forget to make a good drainage layer, but fill it with a substrate consisting of sand, good humus, peat, turf and leafy soil, which are taken in equal parts.

Pruning

It is recommended to prune the liana in the spring. For this, the old lashes, which have become less attractive, are shortened. To improve branching, pinching of young shoots is carried out. The plant tolerates pruning well and after it begins to grow actively.

Reproduction methods

Since cissus is fast growing, it is very easy to propagate. There are several ways to do this.

Cuttings

Cuttings are harvested even in summer, even in winter. 3 or 4 cuttings are planted in one container for rooting, while it is filled with a fertile light substrate with a high content of peat and sand. Water them systematically and keep them warm (20 to 22 degrees). If young foliage forms on the handle, this means that roots have grown out.

How to form cissus from cuttings. Rooting of cissus. // Valentina Zemskova

Dividing the bush

If the adult cissus has grown strongly, then it can be divided during transplantation. It is recommended to shorten the shoots during planting in delenoks, in this case they will take root much faster.

Growing from seeds

The seeds are mainly grown from the arctic cissus. Sowing seeds is carried out in the spring. To do this, take a small box and fill it with a substrate consisting of peat and sand. Moisten the surface and spread the seeds on it. Sprinkle them with a thin layer of soil mixture, cover the container with a film (glass) on top. Crops need regular ventilation. The picking of seedlings into individual pots, reaching 70 mm in diameter, is carried out after the formation of two true leaf plates. In the future, transplants are carried out as the bushes grow.

Possible problems

If cissus is systematically examined and properly looked after, then it will be possible to avoid many problems that may arise when growing it indoors.

  1. If the leaves of the plant bend and begin to drymeans the air in the room is very dry. Initially, you need to moisten the space around the vine, and spray the leaves with water.
  2. Leaves dry and fly around this is due to the high temperature in the room. It is necessary to rearrange the flower in a cool room, and in summer you can take it out into the air.
  3. If the leaves turn pale or light spots appear on them, this signals too bright lighting, the leaves have a sunburn. The plant should be shaded.
  4. Cissus has brown spots due to strong waterlogging of the soil. It is necessary to stop watering so that the top layer of the earth dries out by 2-3 cm.
  5. If Cissus is actively dropping leaves, it must be rearranged from a cold room and protected from drafts. And also create the desired temperature regime for Cissus.
  6. Leaves wither and fade, the plant slows down its growth. Cissus lacks nutrients. The appearance of black spots indicates a lack of phosphorus, brown spots - nitrogen. It is necessary to choose a fertilizer with a balanced composition and feed the vine in a timely manner.
  7. Cissus stops growing, young branches do not appear. The plant has taken up the entire space of the pot; transplanting into a larger pot is necessary.

Types of cissus with photos and names

In total, there are about 300 species of cissus, but only a few of them are cultivated in indoor conditions by flower growers. Moreover, each of these species has several varieties that differ from each other. They have a very high unpretentiousness and endurance.

Cissus rhombifolia

This species was named so due to the fact that its foliage has a diamond shape. It belongs to fast growing plants. If you take good care of it, then during just one growing season, it can add up to 200 cm in length. Such a vine is distinguished by high endurance, and it also grows well in places with unfavorable conditions.

Cissus discolor

This species is valuable in that it has a variegated, spectacular foliage, while the main color is pale red. On the entire surface of the plate there are specks of a silvery color, while its seamy surface is purple.

Cissus striata, or striped

The foliage has a shape very similar to that of a girl's grape. As a decorative liana, varieties with a pale red color are grown. Differs in endurance, unpretentiousness and rapid growth.

Antarctic cissus (cissus antarctica)

This highly decorative look is more demanding in its care. With poor lighting, a slowdown in the growth of the bush is observed, and it can also suffer from excessively low air humidity. The foliage color is green, monochromatic.

The most decorative of all home-grown cissus is the multicolored cissus. It stands out among other species for its spectacular and unusual color. However, you need to be prepared for the fact that it is not so easy to grow it. In nature, such a plant is found in the tropics. Therefore, in order for the vine to grow and develop quickly, the air temperature in the room must be at least 25 degrees all the time, and it also needs high humidity. The local inhabitants of the island of Java cut the shoots of the vine and drink its juice.

It is the rhomboid cissus that is popularly called "birch". Several varieties have been developed on its basis:

  • Ellen Danica
  • Mandianna
  • Fionia.

Antarctic

This is a climbing liana, in which, in the wild, the stem becomes lignified over time. The leaves are very similar to grape leaves. They are elongated, ovate, serrated along the edges. Therefore, this cissus is also called "indoor grapes". The flowers are small, collected in greenish umbrellas.

Multicolored

Due to the demand for care, this species is rarely found in home cultivation. It is characterized by an unusual color of the leaves. They are dark, velvety, with silvery spots. On the reverse side, the leaf plates are colored purple.

Cactus

It has thick shoots about 1 cm in diameter. They are tetrahedral, fleshy like succulents. Leaves and tendrils grow at the junction of the lobes. The leaves are small and fall off quickly. This type of cissus grows slowly and is very demanding on lighting.

Round-leaved

Liana-like species with hard shoots. The leaves are round, green-gray in color, with teeth at the edges. Above, the leaf plates are covered with a waxy bloom.


Cissus: home care

It is absolutely unpretentious in care, easily tolerates shade and partial shade, drought, in winter it can withstand temperatures down to 12 ° C. Does not require frequent transplants and expensive feeding. Cissus grows very quickly and in different directions in the form of a full-fledged shrub. If you want to observe a beautiful evergreen bush with lush greenery in your home, you still need to provide it with certain conditions.

  • There are no requirements for light, it tolerates shade well, grows under artificial lighting. The most comfortable side for grapes is west and east. The less light, the smaller the leaves will be on the shoots.
  • Maintaining humidity in the room will only benefit the plant. In summer, when the heat is intense, spraying and showers are recommended. In winter, it is better not to spray, but if the humidity is very low, and the plants are located near the radiators, you need to put pots of peat next to them and constantly fill them with water, the fumes will humidify the air around the cissus.
  • When watering, you need to make sure that the earthy clod does not dry out, it should dry out no deeper than 2 cm. Watering is needed abundant, but not earlier than the topsoil dries up. The plant will not tolerate stagnation of moisture in the pot. In winter, pour out the water from the sump during watering.

The flower will not be happy with direct sunlight

  • With a shortage of fertilizers, diseases develop. The first sign of the disease is the appearance of brown spots on the surface of the leaves.
  • Since the plant does not have a dormant period, it should be fed all year round with mineral and organic fertilizers. Optimally, once every 10 days. If the flower has changed its color to a lighter one with a silvery sheen, this is also a signal of a lack of trace elements.
  • The flower is also unpretentious to temperature. Feels great in winter at 16 ° C, in summer at 26 ° C. Even a fluctuation of four degrees will not affect the plant, it will survive the summer heat of 30 ° C and the winter 10 ° C. With a sharp drop in temperature (drafts or gusts of wind), the plant sheds its leaves.
  • To form a bush, early spring is suitable, long lashes need to be cut in half or in a third. Shoots can be pinched to form a spherical shape. After such pruning, the plant will actively grow, shoots from the root may appear.
  • Grape ivy rarely blooms, some species even bear fruit.
  • In the summer, the plant can be kept on balconies and verandas; it is important to shield it from direct sunlight.

If tetratsigma begins to grow in the form of elongated shoots, then this may indicate a lack of lighting. If the leaves become small or fall off, the plant lacks nutrients. Tetrastigma can be affected by pests such as aphids, spider mites and nematodes.

Tetrastigma Vuanye - This perennial vine with climbing shoots is the most common species. Under natural conditions, the length of such a shoot can be about 50 m. The main stem is covered with slightly lignified bark. The petioles, with the help of which the leaves are attached to the shoot, are rather thick. The leaves themselves are dark green, leathery, consist of 3-5 lobes, with denticles along the edges. The bottom of each leaf is covered with brown hairs. Liana is attached to the support with antennae. It blooms in the form of an inflorescence with small greenish flowers. After pollination, the fruit ripens in the form of a round berry.


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