What to do with irises after flowering so that the plant does not die in winter
Any flower culture at the end of flowering requires some care and attention, since it is during this period that the buds of renewal are laid. Irises are no exception.
What to do with faded irises
The following activities are among the mandatory procedures for caring for irises after the wilting of flower stalks:
- removal of weeds and loosening of the soil;
- regular hydration;
- top dressing;
- division and transplantation;
- preparation for wintering.
Immediately after the end of flowering, flower stalks and dry and damaged leaves of irises must be removed.
As soon as the last iris bud withers, you need to immediately cut out or break off the remaining flower stalks so that the seeds that are tied do not take away the vital juices from the plant. Damaged and dried leaves are subject to removal. It is not necessary to cut off all the foliage, because the processes of photosynthesis in it are still continuing, while the flower accumulates nutrients in the rhizome for the next vegetative period.
Planting irises should be regularly moistened as needed, especially if the weather is dry. Under the bushes, periodically, gently and carefully loosen the ground. They do this shallowly, since the root system of irises is located very close to the soil surface. Weeds are also removed.
Video: trimming peduncles
Approximately 3-4 weeks after the end of flowering, the iris bed is fed (per 1 bush);
- mineral phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, which are dissolved in 1 liter of water:
- potassium monophosphate (15 g);
- superphosphate (10 g) and potassium sulfate (5 g);
After flowering, irises are fed with fertilizers of the potassium-phosphorus group
- organic fertilizers:
- rotted manure or compost (2-3 kg);
- wood ash (20-30 g).
Irises can be fed organic
I try not to use nitrogen-containing fertilizers in the autumn-summer period, because this will cause unnecessary growth of the ground green mass. Fresh manure is also contraindicated for irises due to the high risk of infection of rhizomes by fungal infections and their subsequent decay.
Irises can comfortably grow in one place for no more than 4–5 years, then the root system grows too large, the plants become cramped and the flowering gradually fades away. Therefore, flowers need to be divided and planted. This is done like this:
- The plant is dug up, shaken off the remnants of the earth.
Irises are carefully dug out of the ground
- The rhizome is divided into parts, in each of which a fan of leaves and several roots should remain.
After dividing, each division should have a piece of rhizome with roots and a fan of leaves
- Disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate and dried in the sun.
- Places of cuts are sprinkled with wood ash or crushed coal.
- Shallow planting holes are dug.
- Place in the hole a delen (deciduous fan to the north, and rhizome to the south).
When planting, the fan of leaves must be strictly vertical.
- Fall asleep with soil, while the upper part of the rhizome should be flush with the ground.
The top of the rhizome should be on the outside
It is important to plant irises correctly
Video: replanting irises correctly
Preparation for wintering
In late September or early October, foliage is pruned from all plants.... It is cut with pruning shears or garden shears at an angle (in the form of a triangle) at a height of 10-15 cm.
Iris leaves are cut at an angle so that moisture can drain off the remains of the leaves and do not get inside
Video: correct pruning of irises
After pruning, irises are preventively sprayed against diseases with fungicides (Gamair, Vectra, Fundazol, etc.) and against insects with insecticides (Karbofos, Actellik, etc.).
In late autumn, when the temperature does not rise above +5 ° C, a bed with irises is mulched with humus, peat, sawdust or dry leaves. To trap the snow, spruce branches or branches are thrown from above. Especially valuable varieties are additionally insulated with a non-woven covering material.
With the arrival of cold weather, beds with irises are insulated with spruce branches
Video: caring for faded irises
Irises are not considered particularly whimsical and capricious plants, but only with strict adherence to the timing and rules of agricultural technology, their annual abundant flowering is possible.
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Immediately after the tulips have faded, they continue to be looked after. The completion of flowering does not mean that the flowers no longer need moisture and nutrition. In the next 2-3 weeks, the bulbs will accumulate the nutrients they need for normal wintering, and will increase in size. You still need to carry out:
- Weeding. Weeds are characterized by aggressiveness and rapid growth; they deprive cultivated plants of the necessary moisture and valuable minerals. And the flower bed without weeding takes on a very neglected look.
- Watering. The mode of soil moistening in the flower bed depends on the current weather. Over the next 2 weeks, watering should be regular in the absence of rain. After the leaves have dried up, the need for irrigation will disappear.
- Top dressing at this time, it is not the stems and leaves that are needed, but the nascent bulbs. After flowering, tulips are fed 1 time.
It is imperative to carry out the listed activities - this is the key to the good preservation of the bulbs in winter and further abundant flowering.
What to do with tulip flower stalks and leaves
Speaking of leaving, it is understood that only the leaves need to be left until they turn yellow and dry naturally. To speed up the process, you can bend the leaves to the ground. In order not to lose the flowers in the flowerbed after the leaves die off, it is better to make notes in advance at the places where the tulips grow.
The peduncle must be cut off as soon as the flowering is completed. This is due to the fact that during the flowering period, young bulbs are born underground, which need nutrition. After the peduncles are removed, the nutrients will be used for the education and development of children.
A little history of irises
Irises are flowers with a truly rich history: the first mentions of irises and their images (these are only known to historians and archaeologists) date back to 3-4 centuries BC. Even then, iris was at least a ritual flower, if not an agricultural crop.
Irises in legends, rainbow flowers
Irises have flashed in various legends since the times of Ancient Greece and Rome. Even the city of Florence (literally - blooming) was named so because of the abundance of irises that surrounded it. In ancient Roman mythology, iris is the flower of the goddess Iris, in honor of her and was named so by Hypocrat.
Also irises were mentioned in the legend of Prometheus. On it, they appeared in the place of the rainbow, which marked the holiday of the fire brought to them by people. In many legends, iris flowers were associated with a rainbow, and they were called so - rainbow flowers. The word iris is translated from Greek - rainbow.
Even among the ancient Greeks, the iris flower was a symbol of masculinity and was actively used in various rituals.
Irises on the graves of the Arabs
The Arabs consider the iris flower a symbol of memory and sorrow. Even in ancient times, they had a tradition of planting white irises on the graves of the dead.
Irises in Japanese culture
Irises in Japan are considered a symbol of the samurai spirit and health. On May 5, Boys' Day, everything is decorated with irises - symbols of masculinity. It is believed that they act as an amulet and protect future warriors.
It is believed that the Japanese adopted the culture of growing irises from their Chinese neighbors. Although it was they who initially had the richest variety of wild varieties of this flower.
Traditionally, the Japanese plant irises in the lowlands (they prefer to admire them from above).
In the culture of China
The Chinese consider iris the flower of friendship, in the language of flowers it
means respect, trust and loyalty.
Fun fact: The symbolism of the iris flower is also filled with the French (long before the Europeans discovered China) with wisdom and friendship, quote: "your friendship means a lot to me".
Irises in Russia and Ukraine
The Russian popular name for iris is "kasatik" (meaning: cute, desirable, dear). In Ukraine, irises were called "cockerels" for the bizarre shape of their inflorescences. In most other Slavic countries, the iris was called Perunica / Perunik - in honor of the thunder god Perun.
The name "iris" began to come into use from botany and gradually supplanted the original names of these flowers of the Slavic tribes by the middle of the 20th century.
Iris - a symbol of Russian Art Nouveau
Slavic peoples actively used irises in folk crafts (clothing, household utensils, furniture, window frames.), It is easier to come up with a craft where they were not found in ornaments.
And it is for this reason that iris has become one of the symbols of Russian Art Nouveau of the late 19th - early 20th century, so reverently intertwining the motives of traditional folk art.
Iris on the royal arms of France
Fleur-de-lis is the flower of the coat of arms of the French kings. Despite its name (lily), Fleur-de-lis is considered a stylized flower of a yellow iris in heraldry. If you have a yellow iris growing on your site, know that it is of royal blood!
Dusty reflective (a dust cloud reflects light from a nearby star, about 10 times the size of the sun) nebula NGC 7023 was named the Iris Nebula for its superficial resemblance to an iris flower. Do you agree that it is similar? A feature of this nebula is the reflection of not only the blue spectrum of light (a characteristic property of reflecting nebulae), but also red (scientists believe that this is due to the possible presence of a large amount of hydrocarbon).
Why do you need pruning irises after flowering for the winter?
Irises have faded, and depending on the purpose of the gardener, you need to decide what to do with them next. In certain cases, you can simply enjoy the appearance of the ripening fruit-boxes. They are really attractive, for example, in the stinking iris (Stinking Iris) and Domestic's iris (Belamkanda). In addition, flower growers specifically leave the boxes for another purpose - to get valuable seed material for further reproduction.
But the method of propagation of these plants by seeds is not as often used as propagation by division of rhizomes or kidney cuttings. Therefore, in other cases there is only one sentence - to cut off.
Whether you need to cut or you can skip this stage of care - everyone decides for himself. However, this procedure has several arguments in its favor at once:
- The most obvious argument is that faded buds of iris (except for the varieties mentioned) worsen the aesthetics of the flower bed. Out-of-date flowers frown, turn brown, spoil the appearance of the plant and, with their unprepossessing appearance, distract from other representatives of the flower bed flora, and pruning eliminates this drawback.
- The most important argument is that the ripening of the seeds in the seed capsule takes away the strength from the plant for further life. In some species of iris, re-flowering is possible, but the presence of inflorescences that have lost their condition becomes an obstacle for this.
Also, the iris soon begins to prepare for a dormant period.
The peonies have faded. What to do next with them? When to prune peonies after flowering?
When the peonies have bloomed, you need to give them the opportunity to develop so that next year their flowering is no less magnificent. Peduncles on which already faded buds are attached should not be completely cut off. Their lower part, on which there are 2-3 leaves, must be left. But, already in the fall, when stable frosts come, peonies will need to be cut almost to the very root. "Almost" means that you should leave small stumps - 20-30 millimeters in height, which must be covered from frost so that they do not freeze.
Top dressing of peonies in spring, summer, during budding
If your peonies are still very young, that is, their age is less than 3 years old, then they only need to be loosened, and, of course, also regularly watered. And, here are the older bushes, you must definitely feed them. Without regular feeding, peonies are unlikely to be strong and healthy, and you will not expect good flowering from them. Top dressing should be done at least three times.
Top dressing No. 1
You need to start doing this early in the spring. After the snow melts, nitrogen (10-15 grams) and potassium (10-20 grams) are poured around the entire bush, directly onto the soil. At the same time, you need to be careful not to sprinkle fertilizer on the bush, especially on its neck. Fertilizers are successfully absorbed into the soil, after dissolving in melt water, which will allow the plant to fully assimilate them.
Top dressing No. 2
During the budding process, peonies also need feeding. This will produce better quality flowers. Here you should already use phosphorus (15-20 grams) and potassium (take 10-15 grams). In addition to these components, nitrogen is also added, within 8-10 grams.
Top dressing No. 3
The peonies have faded, we wait 10-14 days and feed them again. This will allow them to successfully form renewal buds, which will give flowers the next year. Now you will need to mix potassium (10-15 grams) with phosphorus (we take 15-20 grams), and feed the peonies with this simple composition. This is the most optimal option for the third stage of feeding.
Here is another video on the same topic, where they will tell you more about some of the subtleties of caring for peonies after their flowering ends.
Will hyacinth bloom?
Those who prefer to throw away the bulbs that have been distilled are partly right. Hyacinths of Dutch selection are often sold to us in pots, they are characterized by weak winter hardiness. And if there is no flowering next year, the bulb is probably dead.
But don't be in a hurry to get upset. Numerous experience of amateur flower growers (like you and me), were able to achieve flowering bulbs, subjected to forcing! It's just that very often (and most likely) it is not yet time. Forcing is a lot of stress for the plant. Usually the next year the plant rests, gains strength, and blooms only two years after forcing (that is, through the spring).
What lily to choose for a summer cottage?
Not everyone can be glad that lush lilies have blossomed in their garden. The reason here may be not only in caring for them, but also in the correct choice of the variety. The height of the flower itself should be in the region from 30 to 240 cm. Unfortunately, there is a small probability that very small and large plants will take root in the regions of the country, here the climate is not suitable for them. As for the colors, lilies of neutral shades reproduce best of all.
When choosing a flower, it is imperative to take into account the permissible temperature for their existence, this data can be found from the characteristics of each variety of lilies. As a rule, experienced sellers themselves immediately tell the buyer whether to buy a plant. If he did not report, then the necessary information can be viewed on the Internet.
Every gardener asks the question of how to understand when the lilies have faded, what to do next? The answer is simple - you need to closely monitor the development of the plant and take proper care of it. Under these conditions, the flowers will always look great.
Lily Care Videos
Further, Natalya Petrenko, as part of the program "Garden World", will talk about the peculiarities of planting autumn flowers, what to do next, when it is better to plant and which bulbs to use: