Every self-respecting florist tries to grow not only beautiful, but also useful plants. Sage rightfully occupies an important place on window sills and garden beds, as its medicinal properties are legendary.
Since ancient times, sage has been considered the main healer for many diseases. Physicians from different countries have used its properties to get rid of toothache, female infertility. Sage was actively used in love magic. This plant is widely known under a different name - salvia, which in Latin means "Be healthy". The ancient Egyptians considered it to be a magical plant, while the Romans consumed it as a condiment.
Before planting sage, you need to decide what purposes this plant will serve in your home. For treatment, a medicinal type of plant is planted, sage is shiny for beauty, and clary sage should be taken for aroma.
Before planting, you need to properly prepare the soil. A dry limestone soil with fast water permeability is exactly what you need. If the planting site has excessive moisture, the plant will die. There are annual, biennial, and perennial sage. In the cold season, plants planted in garden plots should be well insulated.
Seedlings are often used for planting; seeds can be used. Sage is planted no earlier than May. There is a way to plant a plant in the fall, so to speak under the snow, then the first shoots will be visible in early spring and the sage will bloom much earlier. Only perennials are planted in autumn.
During the year, the plant grows to a height of about 30 cm. For sage planted in May, the flowering period begins in the middle of summer. In order for the plant to be strong and continue to delight with its flowering every 4-5 years, it must be transplanted.
Sage - medicinal properties and contraindications
In the hierarchy of medicinal plants that have been known to mankind since ancient times, sage occupies one of the first places. It was this perennial herb that Hippocrates recommended to his numerous patients, claiming that sage is a natural source of strength, beauty and health.
There are several hundred varieties of sage that can be found both in the taiga and not on the Mediterranean coast. However, it is generally accepted that meadow sage has the most powerful medicinal propertieswhich grows in temperate European climates. In addition, homemade sage, which is specially grown on personal plots, also has useful properties.
Growing and care
Various varieties of this plant require special care. So, meadow prefers to be on the sunny side and requires moderate watering when the forest one needs more shade and abundant watering.
Despite the variety, there are several general requirements:
- on sandy loam soil, the plant feels better
- it is recommended to use humus as fertilizer
- in winter you need to cover
- in the spring, pruning is imperative.
Salvia is considered a thermophilic plant. Therefore, in the northern regions, it is grown as an annual plant. Less often, they are re-planted in the ground again.
Sage - gardening
Of the more than 700 types of sage in medicine, medicinal or pharmaceutical sage is mainly used. It is usually harvested during the period of intense flowering, cutting off the aerial part at a height of 15-20 cm from the ground. After that, the raw materials are dried under a canopy or in a well-ventilated area and stored in cardboard boxes, paper or cotton bags.
As a remedy, sage is used for gastritis, colitis, kidney and liver diseases, bronchitis, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cancer, radiculitis, asthma, etc.
An infusion of leaves is used for inflammatory skin diseases, wounds, burns and frostbite - wipes soaked in the infusion are applied to sore spots. To prepare the drug, a tablespoon of powdered leaves (immediately before use) is poured with a glass of boiling water and insisted for 20 minutes.
Sage decoction, used for gargling, is considered an effective remedy for toothache, sore throat, sore throat. For him, a tablespoon of dried leaves is poured with a glass of boiling water and boiled over low heat for 10 minutes. The infused and strained broth is drunk in a tablespoon three times a day or gargled with it.
"Sage strengthens the nerves ..." - it was written in the Middle Ages in the "Salerno Code of Health", which, according to modern scientific research, turned out to be absolutely true. Sage, indeed, helps to get rid of fear, cope with nervous tension, stress, depression.
It is believed that sage is useful in old age, because helps to improve memory, strengthen the nervous system, reduce hand tremors.
Sage vinegar prevents pressure ulcers. To prepare it, the bottle is filled to the neck with sage flowers, filled with natural wine or apple cider vinegar to cover the flowers, and placed in a warm place or on a sunny windowsill for two weeks.
Oak sage Markus (Salvia nemorosa Marcus) appeared with me several years ago, after a successful acquaintance with another sage variety called Schneehugel. At the beginning, I had no idea that these varieties differ not only in color and expected to see a plant of certain parameters, but in a different tonality. But it turned out that Markus sage is a dwarf variety that does not grow taller than 20-25 cm.
Sage Marcus (Marcus) is a charming little bush with bright blue-purple spike-shaped inflorescences. Many inflorescences are formed and they invariably attract pollinating insects.
Sage Marcus must be planted in an open place where it can get enough sun because it is a sun-loving plant. It grows in full sun, without a hint of shadow. The soil is not heavy and good drainage is needed, since stagnant water will simply destroy it. Faced this, but nothing happened.
Blossoming of sage Marcus is long-lasting and in beauty, it can even compete with lavender. I love both of these plants, but sage hibernates much better and recovers faster.
Sage is not difficult to propagate. There are several ways. The simplest are seeds or air layers. But you can also cut sage.
In order for the flowering to be long, it is necessary, after flowering, to cut off the inflorescences and water the plant well. In speed after that, new shoots will go and there will be new flower stalks. During pruning, a specific recognizable sage aroma is felt and it is certainly not for everybody's taste. But in a calm state, sage does not emit a strong aroma.
Oak sage Markus (Salvia nemorosa Marcus) hibernates with me without shelter. I just cut the shoots short and wait for the snow under which my sage will winter. And in the spring, new shoots will grow, which will delight with flowering all season. It is precisely because of the preservation of decorativeness throughout the season that landscape designers are very fond of this plant.
Sage care is minimal. It tolerates drought and sunshine well, does not get sick and requires almost no care, except for timely pruning.
Oak sage Marcus (Salvia nemorosa Marcus) is a cute dwarf variety that will harmoniously fit into any garden and can be used both solo and in group plantings. I recommend taking a closer look at this bright baby.
Medicinal properties of sage or salvia
More than 40 species of sage have been used as medicinal plants for various diseases, some for thousands of years. The plant is actively used in folk medicine, as it has a number of medicinal properties. Dried leaves of the culture help to cope with various diseases - angina, bronchitis, renal pathologies, inflammation of the gums. Also, tea from the leaves is used to fight fungal diseases, problems of the gastrointestinal tract. Adding a decoction of the plant to your bath can help relieve psoriasis symptoms. Leaves are harvested in the spring before flowering begins or in autumn at the end of the flowering period.