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Which peas to choose for sowing: shelling or sugar

Which peas to choose for sowing: shelling or sugar


From letters to the editor:
What is the difference in taste and yield between sugar peas and vegetable peas? Which is better to grow on the site if there are small children?

Actually, all peas are vegetable, but they have two types: sugar and shelling. Hulled peas are grown in large quantities by agricultural farms.

He produces beans, which we buy whole or crushed in stores and use to make pea soups and purees. This species has a leathery parchment layer on the inside of the scapula that cannot be chewed, so only grains are eaten - juicy green or ripe dry.

Sugar pea blades do not have a parchment layer, so these blades are young and juicy - you can eat them whole or prepare some dishes from them. They are especially tasty when small juicy grains are formed inside. I remember how in childhood I ran to the bed of peas, tore off wide unripe shoulder blades and gladly ate them up to the stalk. They were amazingly delicious. The villagers clearly distinguished the two types of peas. The one that grew up on the collective farm field - not high, with hard shoulder blades - they called it - peas.

And the one that they grew in their garden - tall, held on props, it was mainly like a delicacy for children and adults, was called "Winery"... His seeds were cherished and shared with family and friends. The seeds of this pea after ripening are always larger than the store pea, but they differed in that they were not perfectly round, but had dents-wrinkles on the surface of the grain. It was difficult to collect such seeds for soup, because the blades of peas were eaten with appetite while still young and juicy. The main thing was to save a few dozen shoulder blades until ripening in order to harvest the beans for spring sowing.


By the way, the pea culture is cold-resistant, it can be sown early, and for regular production of green peas for canning or freezing, you can sow it at several times, or use varieties with different ripening periods. They are early ripening (55 days after germination), mid-early (65 days), mid-ripening (75 days), medium-late (85 days) and late-ripening (90-100 days).

Grains-beans are sown in early spring on beds prepared in autumn, on the sunny side of the site to a depth of 4-5 cm. It is advisable to fill the beds with rotted organic matter, then the yield will be higher. Sowing scheme: 15x30 cm. After sowing, it is advisable to cover the bed with a film or spunbond, which will provide a better temperature regime, preservation of moisture in the soil. The film will help and protect the seedlings from birds that willingly peck out hatched or shallowly sown grains.

Green peas, which we buy frozen in supermarkets or in cans, are unripe from shelling varieties. Young beans are the same green sweet peas. If you grow enough of it, you can freeze sweet peas or use it in cooking. And sugar varieties are good unripe - this is a delicacy for children. Plus, juicy sugar pea scoops can be cooked like asparagus beans... They can be boiled in boiling water and then fried in oil. This will make a delicious side dish.


Now there are many different varieties of shelling and sugar peas. Most of them require the installation of supports or a garter, because the plants are tall and cannot support their weight. But there are already peeling varieties that can grow without support. These are the Petite-Provencal and Afilla varieties.

Here is what the seed producers of the first grade claim: “Yielding early-ripening dwarf variety of foreign-bred peas. The period from germination to harvest is 55-60 days. Bush plant, undersized, 40-45 cm high. Grown without support. Pods 8 cm long, dark green, spiky. Green peas are small, juicy and sweet. Used in home cooking, canning and freezing. It is characterized by a high protein content ".

And this is about the Afilla variety: “A late-ripening variety of hulking peas, characterized by the complete absence of leaves. The foliage is transformed into a mustache, intertwining and supporting the plant. This feature allows you to grow these peas without supports. The plant is 50-55 cm high. The beans are dark green in color, large. Each pod contains 6-9 sweet peas. Suitable for raw use, for canning and freezing ".

When sowing peas of these varieties, experts recommend putting two peas in each hole, then they will be more stable, supporting each other, and no support is required.

Other popular shelling varieties: Winner, Early May, Mergert, Chudo Kelvedon. They need support.

And here is a description of the sugar variety Sugar buddy: “Medium late (49-60 days from full germination to the beginning of the bean harvest) sugar variety. The plant is 70-80 cm long. The bob is straight, with a pointed tip, without a parchment layer, long (7-9 cm). 7-9 peas are tied in each bean. The walls of the beans are thick, fleshy, and have a sweet taste without the presence of hard tissues. Recommended for fresh unripe beans. Dessert shovels with juicy seeds are a valuable dietary product rich in proteins, sugars, starch, vitamins and carotene. Garter required ".

Other popular sugar varieties: Children's Sweet, Friendly Family, Ambrosia, Inexhaustible, Zhegalova, Sugar Brain. They all need support.

Experts recommend not to overexpose on the plant and regularly pluck pea blades that have reached the desired condition - in shell peas - they have formed juicy sweet grains, in sugar ones - they have formed a thick juicy shoulder. Then the plant will form more and more new blades. If you overexpose the shoulder blades, they will dry out and dry out, and the seeds will become tough, then the plant will stop vegetating, because it has fulfilled its main function - it formed beans for seeds. Therefore, if you want to get tasty grains or shoulder blades longer, pluck them in time, without overexposing.

And one more important point: any pea, like all legumes, synthesizes nitrogen from the air and accumulates it on the roots in nodules with the help of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. As a result, the soil in the beds where these crops grew is enriched with nitrogen. Experts recommend that all pea stalks, after harvesting, be chopped and embedded in the soil as organic fertilizer.

E. Valentinov
Photo by Olga Rubtsova


Brain pea varieties - which is better to plant in the country

Many people are engaged in the cultivation of exclusively green and sweet peas and do not need to dry and sell the dried product. Below we will consider the best varieties of cereal peas and the varieties with the highest amount of sugar.

Voronezh green - sugar content up to 6%, the first harvest of fruits occurs on the 40th day after germination. The plant is large, there are few leaves - it is very convenient to harvest. Seeds are cerebral (uneven, have convolutions), 8-9 mm in diameter, pod length up to 12 cm. In technical ripeness it is green. The variety is resistant to peronospora, fusarium, leaves do not burn in the sun with abundant watering.

Dinga and Premium - the sweetest varieties of cereal peas, have the same characteristics - the weight of 1000 peas (250-280 grams), morphological features and periodization of development. Sugar capacity up to 8%. The only difference is the yield. It is believed that Premium can yield up to 45 c / ha with proper care, while the maximum yield of Dinga is 38 c / ha. But the average yield is not much different.

Tropar is an early ripe cerebral pea variety. Technical ripeness occurs 50-55 days after germination, the stem is low, but erect, up to 45 cm, a bean up to 7-8 cm long, the sugar content in the grain is up to 7%. The variety has very good palatability, especially in the third week after color formation. Despite their low yields and small beans, peas are in high demand as they are ideal for conservation.

Almost all varieties of seed peas are the same and all are suitable for cultivation in our climatic zone. With proper pea care and abundant watering, each of the above varieties will delight you with delicious beans!


I will sow peas for the first time. What is the sweetest to buy for eating fresh? do i need to soak?

To "eat fresh" I plant sugar peas of different varieties.
However, I would like to draw your attention to the fact that sugar peas are actually divided into 2 types: one with large peas and a sweet spatula, and the second with small (sometimes very small) peas and a very fleshy, juicy, sweet spatula. Therefore, when buying seeds, pay attention to which varieties you buy in accordance with your preferences. Varieties of the sea! Honey cake, Ambrosia, Russian size, Sugar prince, Sugar2, etc.
And yet, there are early maturing and there are tall (up to 90-120 cm) and relatively late varieties.

I plant the bulk of the sugar peas in between the sweet corn in May. He clings to corn. Does not take up space. Very comfortably.
And I plant the first one very early, peas are frost-hardy and can withstand frosts -4 sugar and -8 hulling. However, if you plant it very early, then it may simply rot in the ground and not rise!
I sometimes soak the peas from 1 hour to 1 day (maximum) before planting, and more often I plant them simply dry. Peas grow well and quickly and grow well.

To stretch consumption, you need to either plant in several steps with an interval of a couple of weeks, or simply take different varieties with different ripening periods (conditionally, of course, ripening, you will not grow it for seeds).

As for the varieties, you have already been advised a lot. I plant on a garden bed in 4 rows. Undersized around the edges. You don't have to tie it up. I sow everything in one day and never soak, but only shed the furrows well, spread the seeds, cover with earth and mulch. Peas are soot of early varieties (Mikhail has already said about this), In addition, the low one always bears fruit ahead. By the way, do not rush to pull out immediately after fruiting. It can re-grow from the root after good rains, somewhere in August. Here are my peas

The best varieties of peas for open ground

In this article, you can familiarize yourself with the most popular varieties, the yield and quality of the fruits of which have been tested for years.

Peas Alpha

The ripening period of the Alpha variety is early, from the moment of germination of shoots above the soil surface to technical ripeness, 45-55 days pass. The variety has a stable yield (6-7 t / ha), resistance to fusarium, ascochitosis and other diseases.

The height of the bush in centimeters reaches 55, 2 beans are formed in each bosom, 5-9 seeds develop in a pod 7-9 in length.

Pea variety Alpha

When sowing, the scheme is used: row spacing - 20, the interval between seeds - 5, the depth of immersion of peas - 3-4.

Sugar grade

Early ripening peas with a growing season of 55-60 days. The height of the bush reaches 50-70 cm, and therefore requires a garter. Pod parameters at the stage of technical ripeness: length - 7-8 cm, number of seeds - 5-9 pieces. The culture is resistant to ascochitosis and powdery mildew.

With proper fertilization of the soil at the stage of preparation for sowing, no further feeding is needed. Features of the fruit - very sweet taste, ideal for canning. Yield indicators: 7-8 t / ha.

A high-yielding variety with a maturation period of 45-56 days. The bush is formed to a height of 70 cm, so a garter or installation of trellises is required. In the axil of the plant, 2 beans each develop. At the stage of technical ripeness, the pod length reaches 8-10 cm, each contains 6-8 seeds... Disease resistance is average, tolerance to fusarium is noted.

Sowing work is carried out in May, and in June it is time to harvest (up to 1.3 kg per 1 m2). When planting, the scheme is used: 30x15, the immersion depth of the peas is up to 5-6 cm.

A super early pea variety with a growing season of 50 days. The bush is formed of medium size, reaching a height of half a meter. Straight or slightly curved pods contain 6-9 peas. Amicable germination of crops is replaced by no less amicable fruiting.

Intense maturation requires additional nutrients that need to be added in the form of top dressing every 10 days. Harvest up to 500 grams per square meter. When disembarking, the scheme is used: 15x5, immersion depth - 4-6. The beans are used fresh, for freezing and canning.

A high-yielding early ripe variety with a growing season of 65-69 days. Bushes are formed high, reaching 80 cm, so trellis should be installed along the bed or tie to individual pegs. The pod is large, dark green in color, up to 9 cm long, contains 10-12 seeds. Average disease resistance, the plant is tolerant to fusarium wilt... Yield indicators: 7 t / ha.

When planting, the scheme is used: 20x6 cm.If high-quality soil fertilization was carried out before sowing, then fertilizing can be omitted.

Baby sugar

An unpretentious high-yielding variety with a growing season of 60-70 days. A strong stem is formed up to 80 cm in height, which provides for the procedure of tying or installing a trellis. On one bush, an average of 14 pods are tied, each reaching 5-8 cm in length, the number of peas is 6-9 pieces.

Also, the beans are suitable for freezing and canning.

The culture has an average resistance to diseases, withstands night spring frosts, therefore it is suitable for growing in Siberia. Agrotechnology is very simple, there are no special conditions for watering and fertilizing.

Pea seeds baby sugar

Sugar Oregon

A medium-early ripening culture with a vegetation period of 55-70 days. Peas are considered one of the best for growing in the Moscow region. The height of the bush sometimes exceeds the 1 m mark, so trellises must be installed along the beds. The average length of the beans is 7-9 cm, each containing about 7 peas with a smooth surface. The peculiarity of Sugar Oregon is the thickness of the parchment layer, it is so thin that it can be eaten with the pod.

When disembarking, use the scheme: 30x15. Young shoots develop intensively in fertile soil rich in calcium (the medium should be neutral or slightly acidic). Aeration also affects the yield, so it is carried out regularly.

The culture is mid-season with a growing season of 68-85 days. The peculiarity lies in the high yield, about 18, 9 centners are removed from one hectare. The plant has good immunity, easily tolerates drought. Tolerance to root rot and ascochitosis is noted. The number of nodes up to the first inflorescence is 11-15, 3 flowers are formed on each.

Ripening period - early, the growing season lasts days. The bushes have a powerful stem, therefore, at a height of 65-80 cm, a garter is not a must. Ripe pods reach a length of 8-9 cm, each containing 7-8 peas. Brain variety is distinguished by high commercial characteristics and taste.

Late ripening plant with a vegetation period of 78-96 days. The bushes are of medium length, so a garter must be made.

Yield indicators - 5 t / ha. The top three belongs to the brain varieties, the taste, as well as the marketable ones, are at their best.

Even a novice gardener can cope with growing peas in the open field. As a reward for the time and effort spent, you can get a nutritious and vitamin-rich product that will complement the delicate taste of many dishes.


Our gardener does not go to the store for overseas vegetables and fruits, but grows everything himself. And indeed, why buy a foreign product of dubious quality, which, most likely, from the heart.

2015-06-18 09:36:49 8545 views

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As we said, there are three main varieties of seed peas: sugar, cereal, and hull peas. Each of them is represented by a variety of varieties that differ in taste, nuances of cultivation. Let's talk about this in more detail.

Shelling peas are the most popular sowing peas. It is in great demand in farms that cultivate this crop for further sale as grain or seed.

It has a very smooth and round shape and can be easily divided into two halves. This quality is very valuable, as it facilitates the further process of grinding and processing on peeling machines.

Sowing peas are used as animal feed. Pea groats and peels, which have a huge amount of vitamins and high calorie content, are of particular value. In addition, peas are used in the food industry and to obtain starch, which the plant is rich in, but at the same time does not contain sugar. However, for sowing in summer cottages and personal plots, shell peas are not suitable. The description of this species suggests that its taste characteristics in green form are an order of magnitude worse than other varieties. And it is difficult to realize it in small quantities.


Landing

Sowing peas are planted in early spring. It is recommended to do this when the soil warms up to 4-6 degrees. Short-term frosts are not terrible for the culture, it will well survive temperatures up to -6 degrees.

Landing is carried out according to the following algorithm:

  1. Culling seed... You need to add some salt to the water and dip the seeds into it. Throw out the floating specimens, since they will not sprout. Rinse the rest of the seeds with clean water.
  2. Seed soaking... Do this to improve germination. You need to soak the seeds for 12 hours. The water should be at room temperature, it should be changed every 3 hours.
  3. Garden bed preparation... After loosening, no more than 8 hours should pass before planting, otherwise the earth will dry out.
  4. Planting culture... It is convenient to do this in the holes, deepening the seeds by 4-6 cm. The planting scheme depends on the variety of seed peas. Usually, 25-30 cm is left between the rows, and 10 cm between neighboring plants.Some varieties give peas up to 2 m in height, in this case the distance between the rows and neighboring plants should be 70 cm.
  5. Sprinkling seeds with earth... Lightly tamp the soil so that it retains moisture better.

Pea seeds can become prey for birds, therefore it is recommended to organize a shelter. You can use film, netting, branch, grass, straw.


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