Characteristics and description of the jelly potato variety
Jelly potatoes were included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation in 2005. The variety is suitable for industrial cultivation, planting in farms, in garden plots. Tuber crops are stored for several seasons without losing germination.
Characteristics of the Jelly variety
Variety dining destination, mid-early. It takes 3 months from planting to harvesting. Starch content in tubers - 17% according to the characteristics.
12-15 tubers are harvested from one bush. Up to 550 centners are harvested per hectare of plantings.
The marketability of tubers is 95%, and keeping quality is 86%. The taste of the tubers is not watery.
Bushes are tall, semi-erect or spreading. There are many leaves, they can be both medium and large. The waviness of the edges of the leaves is average. A corolla of snow-white flowers appears on top of the bushes.
The tubers are oval and have many small eyes. They are even, the same size. The rind is yellowish, rough or smooth. Pulp dark yellow... The weight of potatoes according to the description is 90-140 grams, there are almost no smaller tubers.
- great taste tubers;
- high-yielding variety;
- tubers are large, they are even in weight and volume;
- they are stored without loss of taste;
- planted for industrial or amateur cultivation;
- grade drought resistant;
- yield increases with top dressing;
- easy to care for;
- resistant to disease.
Potatoes are dense, in their composition low starch contenttherefore they are not suitable for mashed potatoes.
In what dishes is it used
When boiling, potatoes do not completely boil over and do not change their shade, therefore they do not make mashed potatoes, but add in soups, fries and chips.
Where did it come from and how it spreads
The variety was obtained by breeders of Holland.
It is advised to plant and grow potatoes in the Central (it includes: Bryansk, Vladimir, Ivanovsk, Kaluga, Kostroma, Moscow, Oryol, Ryazan, Smolensk, Tver, Tula, Yaroslavl regions) and Volgo-Vyatsky (consists of the republics of Mari El. Mordovia. Chuvash, Kirov, Nizhny Novgorod regions) regions, can be grown in other regions with a temperate and warm climate.
"Jelly" potatoes are undemanding to care for. The variety is drought-resistant, it is required to water it only during drought and heat. In regions with a temperate or cool climate, bushes no need to water.
Which place is best for
Choose a sunny location. When planting, the soil should have an acidity of 5.0-5.5.
How to prepare the soil
In autumn on the ground fertilizers are scattered: 3 kg of manure and 100 g of ash per 1 m². And then the earth is dug to the depth of the shovel. It is not worth adding nitrogen (urea), as the growing season lengthens and yields decrease.
Preparing potatoes for planting
21 days before boarding sprout tubers... Lay them in a layer in a bright, warm room with good humidity. Better yet, put the potatoes in the sun to turn them green. As a result, eyes grow on the potato.
Step-by-step order of planting varieties
- In the spring, holes are made to a depth 10 cmwhile keeping the indent in 35 cm... And between the rows a distance of 75 cm is set aside.
- Tuber crops are thrown into the holes with their eyes up. For planting, you can take either whole potatoes or cut them into pieces.
Diseases and pests
The variety is not susceptible to cancer, cyst nematode, scab, black leg. Bushes hardly get sick with viruses.
But they can get sick late blight... To prevent the disease, it is advised to thoroughly cultivate the land before planting. In an epidemic of late blight, it is required to spray the plants with preparations containing copper. For late blight it is advised to spray with Oxyhom, Cuproxat.
For 20-30 days before digging up potatoes, it is not advised to spray the bushes with toxic drugs.
Potatoes can be attacked Colorado potato beetle, wireworm... If you put 3-4 superphosphate granules in each hole, and first spray them with Aktellik, Karate or Decis, this will scare away the wireworm.
First, superphosphate is poured in a thin layer, the granules are sprayed with a solution of 14 ml of Actellik or Decisay, 80 ml of water and 200 ml of acetone.
Variety loves light fertile lands with a lot of sand.
If there is no rain during the blooming of buds and the formation of tubers, then it is recommended to water the plantings. Watering rate of 5 liters per bush. After watering, the soil is loosened.
It is advised to apply fertilizer once a season. Bushes spud 2-3 times per season.
The first harvest is already possible at the end of June... The growing season is 90 days.
How to harvest and store crops
From germination to full maturity 60-90 days pass. But potatoes begin to dig in already in July.
It will be better if the storage facilities have fans, temperature and humidity control. Before placing the tubers for storage, they need to be cooled, but very slowly, by half a degree per day. Storage room temperature - + 1-3 degrees Celsius. During storage, neither the taste nor the appearance of the tubers changes.
Variety "Jelly" with normal care gives high yieldsc, resistant to disease, it tastes great as a tuber.
General characteristics: mid-early table variety of high yield with large, smooth tubers. Resistant to most viruses. Suitable for growing throughout Russia, Ukraine, Belarus. Adapts to any type of soil.
Ripening period: 90-110 days.
Marketable tubers weight (grams): 84-135.
The number of tubers in the bush: up to 15.
Consumer qualities: excellent taste, not darker during cooking, ideal for making French fries and soups.
Keeping quality (storage capacity): 86% (normal).
Preferred Growing Regions (RF): Suitable for all soil types.
Disease resistance: moderately susceptible to the causative agent of late blight in tops and tubers, resistant to other viruses.
Growing features: moderately moist soil is preferable, an excess of nitrogen fertilizers increases the growing season, when planting, the recommended distance between tubers is 28-30 cm, between rows - 75 cm.
Other: the originator of the Jelly variety is EUROPLANT PFLANZENZUCHT GMBH (Germany).
Jelly is a mid-early table variety. Harvesting can begin in the second half of June, but still most of it ripens at the end of the growing season (its duration is 90 days).
Climatic conditions and soil nutrition - have a direct impact on the final yield. From 1 hectare of land, you can get from 156 to 292 centners, but it is also not uncommon for farmers to collect about 500 hectares / centner. This property of the Jelly makes it just a find for growing on an industrial scale. In addition, after harvesting, the crop can be kept invariably fresh for a long time.
The bushes of this variety are spreading, erect. They are medium and tall. There are not too many leaves on the bushes. They can also be medium-sized or large. The edges of the leaves are wavy. The color scheme is deep green. From each bush, you can collect from 10 to 15 ripe and neat tubers. There are practically no non-commodity trifles. In terms of agrotechnical requirements, the plant is unpretentious, and the growing scheme is standard.
The heat and drought are not terrible for Jelly, and therefore this variety will take the whims of the weather calmly. It is very important to huddle and remove weeds on time, and before starting sowing, pre-fertilize the soil with mineral fertilizers.
Jelly Potatoes have a nutritious, delicate and not at all watery taste. During cooking, the cut tubers do not tend to darken, and after heat treatment, the flesh remains yellow and attractive. Delicious soup, chips and fries are made from Jelly, but it is not suitable for mashed potatoes due to the reduced starchiness and high density of tubers.
Description of Jelly potatoes
One of the most common varieties with an average ripening period is Jelly. In a short period of time, he managed to gain immense popularity among summer residents and farmers. This variety has excellent characteristics that make it widespread.
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Jelly potatoes are stored for a long time without loss of taste and attractive appearance. It has excellent taste, which allows you to use potatoes for cooking various dishes. In the course of heat treatment, the roots retain their structure and color. The Jelly potato variety was invented in the early 2000s. Today it is successfully grown in all regions of our country.
The growing season for Jelly potatoes is about 80 days. The bushes are sprawling and medium in size. The leaves are colored green without shine. During the flowering period, white inflorescences are formed on the upper part of the shrub. Root crops are oval in shape and have small eyes.
The peel has some roughness. Starch levels range from 12 to 17%. Summer residents are attracted by the yield that the Jelli potato has. An average of about 20 potatoes are formed under each bush. The average weight of one root crop is at least 100 grams.
The subtleties and features of growing Jelly potatoes
This variety can be grown on any soil. It is recommended to add a small amount of humus, compost and saltpeter to the soil before planting. They will provide sufficient micronutrients to facilitate adaptation of the seed to unfavorable growing conditions. A distance of at least 80 centimeters should be left between the beds of potatoes. The variety does not require special care conditions. In the southern regions of our country, it is imperative to carry out additional watering.
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The need for additional watering arises when the leaves and stem of the potato begin to wilt. The appearance of cracks on the soil also indicates the need for an extraordinary introduction of water. An automatic water delivery system can be installed for watering Jelly potatoes. It consists of a container with water, a main pipe and side branches. The container should be installed on some elevation. The volume of the tank depends on the size of the irrigated area.
From the main pipe, lateral branches in the form of rubber pipes fit each potato bed. On the lateral surfaces of the pipes, there are a large number of small holes through which water enters the potato root system. The advantages of automatic irrigation are the ability to add fertilizer to the water tank.
The Jelly potato variety is highly resistant to many bacteria, viruses and fungi. However, the variety is quite often affected by the causative agents of cancer. In addition, potatoes, like other crops, are afraid of late blight. The first sign of late blight is the appearance of purple spots on the leaves of potatoes.
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With the development of oncological diseases and late blight, you should urgently contact a specialized agronomic store. There you will be advised a special tool that will help get rid of these pathologies in a short period of time. Prevention of the development of diseases consists in the systematic treatment of the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, the removal of weeds, and the maintenance of optimum soil moisture.
How to harvest and store crops
The tubers are dug out after the tops are completely dry. They start harvesting in dry weather, otherwise the potatoes will be poorly stored. After harvesting, the roots are laid out to dry, then sorted into fractions. The next procedure is the rejection of damaged fruits. If this is not done, they will begin to rot themselves, and will also infect nearby tubers.
Storage features and keeping quality
For the winter, containers with potatoes are brought into the basement, where the temperature is maintained at 2-4 ° C. These are optimal storage conditions: tubers do not freeze, do not form roots. No light should enter the room, otherwise solanine is formed in the root crops, which is dangerous to human health.
Note! To prevent the appearance of a fungal infection, the walls need to be whitewashed or burned in the basement with a sulfur stick.
Jelly is an unpretentious variety, but it is better to grow it in light and nutrient-rich soils. For growing, soil is suitable, which contains a lot of sand. Agronomists advise planting Jelly after pumpkins, turnips, carrots, legumes, as well as onions and garlic. It is allowed to grow a crop after cabbage, beets and greens. Do not plant potatoes in areas where tomato, eggplant and pepper used to grow.
It is better to plow the soil after warming it up. When growing crops on an industrial scale, it is recommended to apply complex fertilizers. Growing potatoes for yourself, you can limit yourself to baked ash. It is important not to oversaturate with fertilizers, as this can adversely affect the growing season and reduce the shelf life of tubers in winter.
30 days before planting, the tubers should be transferred to a warm, humid and well-lit room and spread evenly. If possible, potatoes can be left directly in the sun to turn green. This is necessary in order for sprouts to appear and, as a result, the potatoes sprout earlier.
When planting potatoes, it is important to adhere to a distance between rows of 75 cm, and between holes - 35 cm.If the Jelly is planted too densely, this will negatively affect the yield. In addition, in such conditions, the plant will not be ventilated and receive a sufficient amount of light, and this will increase the chances of developing all kinds of diseases.
Potatoes withstand drought well, so you don't need to water them. If during the flowering period it will be hot and there will be no rain, the culture can be watered a little. In the rest of the period, timely removal of weeds and double hilling are necessary. Massive ridges above the plantings are a guarantee of a rich harvest.
In order for the crop to be well kept, you need to dig it out in sunny weather. The fruits extracted from the soil must be decomposed so that they dry out. Then they need to be left under a canopy for about a week. After that, the fruits can be sorted. Gelli houses are stored in a cellar or a dark place in an apartment. On an industrial scale, special vegetable stores are used for this.
Laura is a German medium-early ripening variety. Tall, spreading bushes are distinguished by multi-colored petals: from white to light purple. The red peel effectively sets off the rich yellow color of the pulp, which is very tasty and aromatic. Up to 20 even, elongated-oval tubers grow in one nest. The crop is harvested no later than 80 days from the time of planting and stored without loss for up to six months. Digging can be done much earlier. Potatoes have good resistance to viral infections and diseases. Undemanding to weather conditions, but hardly tolerates drought. The average yield of the variety is 300–400 c / ha.
It is also worth noting such mid-late varieties as Seagull, Saturna, Valentina, Fakel, Skazka.
Another of the best representatives of late-ripening potato varieties is Zdabytok. Geographically, this potato variety grows in the central part of the country. The tubers have a pronounced oblong shape, the skin is yellow, the flesh is light yellow. This variety contains a large amount of starch, up to 25%. Also Belorussky, Vytok, Orbitu, Temp, Lorkh, Olev can be attributed to this group of late-ripening potato varieties. They are characterized by the following signs: round shape, average tuber size - 90 - 130 grams, white flesh, not darkening on the cut, small eyes on the surface.
Variety of potato varieties
The cultivation of early varieties of potatoes provides the population with this product already in the first half of the summer. Tubers contain a large amount of vitamin C. Such potato is recommended to be eaten in the peel. Longer ripening varieties account for the majority of the potato crop. These tubers are high in dry matter, protein and starch.
In order not to be mistaken when choosing a potato variety, it is necessary to study the soil and climatic conditions of the place for the germination of the crop. There are varieties that germinate well in sandy loam soils, others only in fertilized, strong soils. The harvest will depend on the correct choice of the variety. Early varieties are worse stored in winter, they are grown as a "delicacy" for the summer. For late varieties, it is necessary to prepare not only the soil, but also the storage conditions. But with the correct cultivation of late varieties and compliance with all agrotechnical requirements, you will get the highest yield with a long storage capacity.