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Espostoa

Espostoa


Espostoa is a cactus and is one of the cleistocactus representatives. It has a columnar frame and lower stems prone to branching. The height of shoots in wild species reaches up to 3 m. The surface of the terrestrial part is protected by numerous hairs.

The natural plantings of espostoas can be found in southern Ecuador, namely in the mountainous regions, or in the north of Peru. Cacti growing in their natural environment bloom with original bell buds. Their diameter does not exceed 5 cm. Only adult cacti are capable of flowering. The flowering stage ends with the formation of elongated oval fruits. The surface of the fruit is covered with a hairy scaly layer.

In indoor conditions, woolly Espostoa (Espostoa Lanata) is often bred. Greenhouses are considered the best growing place, where a cactus, with proper care, turns into a beautiful and spectacular plant.

Flower growers are attracted to espostoas by their rare white pubescence, reminiscent of a woolen cloth. Domesticated varieties bloom on rare occasions. Their length ranges from 35-70 cm. In the center of the flowerpot there is a strong thick green-gray stem. Above the stems are enveloped by a thick layer of sharp hairs and spines.

Espoo home care

Lighting

The plant needs constant light. During the summer and winter months, cactus pots are kept under bright, diffused light.

Temperature

In spring and summer, it is advised to grow the esposto at room temperature, and when the cold snap begins, the pot is moved to a cooler room with an air temperature of 15-18 ° C. It should be remembered that the roots of a cactus freeze if the thermometer drops below 8 ° C.

Watering

While the esposto is actively increasing its mass, the roots are watered with great care, trying not to overflow the soil in the flowerpot. Adaptation after dormancy occurs very slowly in this species. This usually takes the whole spring and early summer. During the autumn-winter period, poor watering is provided. The moisture that has saturated the soil in one watering will last for a long time for the roots for normal life.

Humidity level

The cactus does not need to be additionally moistened or sprayed. In the heat, it is enough to ventilate the room and let in fresh air.

Transplant rules

At a young age, espostoas are transplanted once a year. The new container should be larger in diameter than the previous flowerpot. A soil mixture with good air permeability and drainage properties is selected. You don't have to buy soil in the store, but prepare it yourself at home. You will need to take two parts of sod land, one part of leaf humus and two parts of marble chips. The components are thoroughly mixed and then poured into the pot.

Reproduction of esposto

Espostoa reproduces by rooting cuttings. A favorable time for the procedure is spring or summer. Before lowering the cuttings into peat, they are dried for several days.

Some growers are engaged in the cultivation of Espoo from seeds. During the germination stage, the room temperature must be maintained at 17-25 ° C. Sowing is also recommended in the spring-summer period. A dry mixture of leafy earth and sand is taken as a substrate. The seed container is covered with glass and stored under bright, diffused light. After the appearance of fragile seedlings above the surface of the soil, the glass is removed so that the cacti can grow on their own.

Sometimes it happens that some seeds germinate earlier than others, so they are planted in an empty container. Once the seedlings have been transplanted, the plants are not disturbed until a strong root system is formed. The final stage is the seating of matured cacti in different pots.

Growing difficulties

  • Rotting traces near the base of the stem - excess moisture in the flowerpot. I want to change the watering mode.
  • If the hair follicle is covered with limescale, you should immediately stop spraying the culture with a spray bottle.

Espostoa Woolly. Mountain Cactus Care (Cacti in "Down Coats")


Espostoa


Taxonomy
on Wikisource


Images
at Wikimedia Commons

Espostoy [2], or Espostoa [3] (lat. Espostoa ) Is a genus of treelike columnar or shrub succulents of the Cactus family ( Cactaceae ), common in the middle mountains of Ecuador and Peru. The genus includes, according to different classifications, from 10 [4] to 16 species.

All species are characterized by numerous white rather long hairs growing from the areoles. The most famous species, widespread in room culture, is Woolly Espostoia (Espostoa lanata).


White trichocereus cactus

In indoor floriculture, a South American exot is grown - whitening trichocereus, belonging to the family of cactus plants (not to be confused with cereus). When blooming, it throws out a white peduncle in the form of an elongated musical pipe up to 20 centimeters.

The flower has a good survival rate, for example:

  • cactus tolerably tolerates sudden changes in temperature
  • the plant is capable of accumulating moisture, so it can withstand a long period without watering
  • can grow in depleted sandy soil.

During development, the cactus, whitening with its crown, stretches upward. The trunk usually grows either vertically or in an inclined position. The main stem with spines grows up to 60-75 centimeters in height and up to ten centimeters in width. The color is usually yellowish-green. The costal part in the amount of up to nine pieces.

White areoles of large size, each of them has pinkish spines up to four centimeters long. In the central part of the range, the longest subulate spines are located, up to eight centimeters long.

Trichocereus blooms best when placed in the southern or southeastern window. It requires diffused lighting, without the bright sun.

In order for the plant to please the eye with gorgeous flowering, it is necessary to water it a couple of times for a month with warm water in spring and summer. It is better to drain excess water from the pallet. During the dormant period, the whitening cactus is watered a little. Due to the maintenance of the dormant mode, the houseplant is able to bloom every year.


In the past, I am an experienced cactus grower!

During my school years, I was seriously engaged in collecting different types of cacti. I had about 30 of them at least.

I approached my hobby very responsibly, so I still remember HOW TO MAKE excellent soil for "thorns" and what kind of care do they need

RECOMMENDATIONS:

1) Do not plant cacti in soil enriched with fertilizers - otherwise the plant will quickly grow, having exhausted all internal resources, and then it will also rapidly die, and you will not even understand why!

2) EARTH COMPOSITION: the ideal soil for planting cacti consists of equal parts of earth, river sand and small stones + it is necessary to mix in scanty amounts a little bone meal into this earth-sand-stone mixture (I got it at the meat packing plant) and medical plaster (took in the hospital). That's it - your cacti will smell of health and delight you with flowers! By the way, do not bury the cacti too deep, otherwise their base may start to rot in the soil and your unpretentious plant will die.

3) Feel free to place the cacti in the sunshine - my pets lived only on the southern window.

IMPORTANT: watering should be very moderate, even in summer - flooded cacti will either rot or never bloom. By the way, about flowering - NEVER TURN the cacti in different directions to the sun, as they put them, let them stand, they hate whirlwind and do not bloom with such "pre-made" owners))) Prepare them for wintering in autumn and water them less often than in summer, and in winter do not water at all - they need a period of complete rest, at which time they rest and LAY buds. Even in winter, it is advisable to keep cacti on the coldest windowsill in the house - it will only benefit them!

REPRODUCTION: Before planting a "baby" of a cactus in a separate pot, dry its base a little - literally for 1-2 days, let it lie torn off, dry out in the place of root growth. Then process it root and stick into the ground - WITHOUT WATERING, water not earlier than after 3-4 days and not very abundantly. It is best to replant and propagate cacti in early spring.

Now I have only three cacti - these are the children of my plants from the school collection. And all my 30 handsome men suffered severely when I went to study at the university and my parents got a cat! She hated them fiercely, gnawed and dug them up. Only a few survived. Now these are beautiful adult cacti, they are still in my parents' house.

And here are the photos of cacti that I got in my apartment.

MY feedback on crop production:

- a spectacular cascading pot for growing greenery on the windowsill (you can also use a flower for decorative)

- how to grow a LEMON at home - everything you wanted to know about breeding and caring for citrus fruits at home)))

- Hydrogel "Happy Summer Resident" - loose soil, rare watering, healthy plants + vacation without drought of home flowers!

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All reviews are informative + a lot of high quality photos.

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Trichocereus poisonous

This is a deadly toxic flower. Outwardly, poisonous trichocereus looks like an ordinary cactus with spiny thorns sticking out on the sides. When flowering, it throws out white inflorescences with a pleasant aroma.

This plant is known as the hallucinogenic flower. In its natural habitat, the cactus, with the help of the secreted toxic poisons, protects itself from the attacks of various animals. The poisonous substance is the alkaloid mescaline, which has a detrimental effect on the functioning of the nervous system. In some cases, paralysis may occur.

If you bite off at least a small piece of a cactus stem, then the person will be "visited" by visual hallucinations. When trichocereus comes into contact with the skin, temporary numbness of the affected area occurs, and sensitivity is lost.

In an adult poisonous trichocereus, "babies" are formed on the stem. To transplant them into a separate container, you need to cut them off with a sharp knife blade, dry the cut a little, then stick it into the prepared soil substrate. Hands must be protected by wearing rubber gloves.


Good evening everyone.

I am a cactus lover. I'll tell you about my love for them.

At the age of 13, I developed an interest in these unusual exotic plants. I started to put together a collection. Later, my doctor, an endocrinologist, somehow connected this with the function of the thyroid gland, I still don't understand how.

Cacti are an unpretentious type of flowers. They don't need much. But you can't run them either. Or vice versa, excessive care, watering leads to their death. And it is very difficult to save them.

They filled it in and it rotted, and nothing will help you. Better not to water at all than to pour.

The sun is their element. Only a sunny window. And it is better to go outside in the summer, then they will answer you with exuberant flowering.

Transplanting is a difficult thing, and not so much necessary as other flowers.

Yes, dried flowers are often glued in stores to sell. Be careful!

This is my first review, please be condescending)


Apricot petrel description of the variety photo

Latin name: prunus armeniaca ‘burevestnik’

Main genus: Apricot

Description of the plant:

Apricot ‘Petrel’ is the result of crossing ‘Kali Rahmanchi’ and ‘Nikitsky’. Received from the State Nikitsky Botanical Garden. Author - K.F. Kostin. The variety was accepted for state testing in 1979.

Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region. It is characterized by high drought resistance.

Size and shape of growth:

The 'Petrel' variety is represented by medium-sized trees, with a flat-round, raised, relatively dense crown. Fruiting mainly on spurs.

Flowers and fruits:

Fruits are small, weighing 31 g, broadly oval, slightly compressed from the side of the ventral suture. The abdominal suture is of medium depth, deep to the funnel. The skin is yellow, with a carmine dotted and blurred blush, not very dense, slightly pubescent. The funnel is deep, relatively wide. The apex is rounded, depressed. The peduncle is short, relatively thick.

The pulp is creamy, medium density, fibrous. The taste is very good, sweet-sour, harmonious. The stone separates well from the pulp, medium size, oval, rough. The seed is sweet.

The purpose of the fruit is universal.

Early maturity, ripening time, productivity:

Apricot ‘Petrel’ refers to varieties of medium early ripening. The yield is high.

Differs in an average ripening period, universal use of fruits, large-fruited, increased winter hardiness of flower buds, high productivity. The tree is medium-sized, with a spherical crown. The variety is self-fertile and requires replanting of pollinators. It begins bearing fruit in the 4th-5th year. It blooms in mid-late terms. Productivity 120 kg / ha. Fruits weighing 50 g, ripen in the 2nd decade of July. The color is creamy with a slight crimson blush. The pulp is creamy, tender, melting. Fruit taste - 4.5 points. The stone separates well from the pulp. The seed is sweet.

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Acceptance of publications is open for the scientific journal “Plant Biology and Horticulture: theory, innovation” (DOI, RSCI). The journal is published 4 times a year and is the legal successor of the "Collection of Scientific Papers of the GNBS" (certificate of re-registration of the media dated June 24, 2019 PI No. FS77-76049). By the end of 2019, it is planned to publish 4 issues. The rules for authors can be found on the website of the publication http://scbook.nbgnscpro.com/

On June 05, 2019, the 60th anniversary exhibition of garden roses of the NBS selection was opened. The exhibition was named “Rose Waltz”. The collection of garden roses currently consists of 856 varieties, species and shapes. For the first time, the exhibition presents new varieties of roses donated by the French company Meilland

The NBS-NSC hosts an exhibition of tulips for the 12th time. More than 247 varieties of foreign and domestic selection are presented at the exhibition.

Model: Petrel
Model Number 42
Age: Annual
Root: Open
Stock: Zherdel
Height: 130-170 cm
Availability: In stock
Reviews written: 1 Write

Ripening terms:
Ripening terms:II decade of July

Characteristic: ... A medium-sized tree with a dense, spherical-spreading crown with slightly raised branches.

Fruit characteristics: Above medium size (48-50 g), cream, with a slight crimson blush, rounded, with a deep ventral seam and a depressed apex. The skin is thin, firm, slightly pubescent. The stone is medium in size, well separated. The pulp is creamy, tender, melting. The taste is aromatic, harmonious, sweet and sour.

Ripening terms: Second decade of July.

Productivity: High.

Disease resistance: Average.

Winter hardiness: High.

Advantages of the variety: Good yield, winter hardiness, tasty, universal use fruits.

Rootstock: hardened. It is characterized by increased winter hardiness of trees, but not sufficient resistance of flowers to spring frosts, medium drought and disease resistance, early maturity, high, stable productivity. It is unpretentious to soils. Fruits are above average size (48-50 g), round, with a deep ventral seam and a depressed apex. The skin is thin, firm, slightly pubescent, creamy, with a slight raspberry blush.The pulp is creamy, tender, melting, aromatic, harmonious, sweet-sour, somewhat unstable taste. The fruits ripen in the conditions of the Crimea in the second decade of July, almost simultaneously, do not crumble, transportable for universal purposes: they are consumed fresh and for the preparation of jellies, juices, jams, preserves, candied fruits, high-quality dried fruits.

Also, in addition to apricot seedlings BUREVESTNIK, we recommend considering other varieties of apricot seedlings. For example, Alfa apricot seedlings in the SadNova online store. By purchasing apricot seedlings Alpha Is the best choice for your garden plot.

If you are interested in this variety and you need additional information, please fill out the special form on the right, and we will contact you as soon as possible.

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Watch the video: Graham Charles Columnar Cacti in Peru, CSSA talk 2017