Characteristics and description of the Bellarosa potato variety
The potatoes are bred by German breeders. The Bellarosa variety was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 2006. It is advised to grow it in the Central Black Earth Region. But in Russia the variety is grown everywhere.
The tubers are large, their weight is 115-125 grams, but according to their characteristics, potatoes weighing up to 800 grams can grow. Potatoes contain 12.7-15.8% starch. On average, you can collect 25-35 tons per hectare. But it is possible to collect even more - 40 tons per hectare. Up to 93% of harvested potatoes are in a marketable condition.
Tasting taste assessment - 5 points out of 5.
Bushes in height 50-80 cm... The roots are 20 cm deep in the ground. Flowers are blue-violet. The tubers are round and oval. The rind is thick, slightly rough to the touch, from pale pink to scarlet.
The tuber has medium-sized eyes, there are few of them, they are shallow. The pulp is firm, creamy yellow, when cooked does not get dark, tastes sweet.
- Pulp boiled moderately, so the tubers are mashed or fried.
- Due to the excellent early maturity in the south, they manage to plant the tubers twice and harvest. The first time is planted in May, and the bushes are dug out at the end of June. Potatoes are planted a second time in early July and harvested in early September.
- Productivity according to the description very big.
- The variety is drought tolerant.
- Potatoes taste great.
- They are well preserved, 99% of potatoes have a presentation; safety - up to 93%.
- This variety is resistant to cancer, rhizoctonia, scab, nematodes, Y and A viruses.
- Tubers difficult to damage mechanicallytoo tight.
How to grow potatoes
How to prepare the soil
Find a place that is lit by the sun. Potatoes should not be grown on the same plot for 2 years in a row. Before potatoes, cabbage, cucumbers, greens, beets should grow on the site.
White dew variety is planted to any land, except for clay soil, it is too dense, because of this it grows small and its taste deteriorates.
In the fall, humus is scattered over the site at a rate of 5-9 kg per 1 m², then the earth is dug to a depth of 30 cm. For this variety, 50 g of dolomite flour per 1 m² are also added.
Spring ground dig one more time.
Step by step growing process
- Before planting, the tubers are poured into shallow boxes in 1-2 layers. The boxes are exposed to the sun at an air temperature of +15 degrees. Then the eyes grow in the tubers, and they themselves turn green.
- Digging holes to a depth of 8-10 cm... The distance between the holes is 40 cm, and an indent of 80 cm is made between the rows. A little ash and humus is poured directly into the holes.
- Then the tubers are placed in them. And they cover them with soil.
Growing varieties from seeds
Selection potatoes retain their varietal characteristics for up to 5 generations, and after that they need to be changed. Therefore, you can plant seeds by buying or collecting them.
Pour a substrate of 80% peat and 20% leafy soil into the boxes. Sow seeds in them at the end of March. Between each seed, an indent is made in 5 cm, and between the rows - 10 cm... Scatter the seeds over the surface, and then dust the top with sand 5 mm.
After 2-3 weeks, 2-3 true leaves will appear on the sprouts and dive into peat pots.
In mid-May, plant the seedlings in the summer cottage to a depth of 10 cm... In the first year, up to 1 kg of tubers, much smaller than the usual size, are harvested from one bush. Then they are planted the next year again. And after 5 years, the planting material is renewed again in the same way.
Disease and pest control
Potatoes has immunity to all diseases... When the Colorado potato beetle appears, the bushes are sprayed with Boverin, Fitoverm, Agrovertin.
The drug Tabu is treated from the Colorado potato beetle, aphids, wireworms, leafhoppers.
Tips and Secrets
Bella rose potato variety precocious, 65 days pass from planting to digging out the potatoes. And you can partially dig out the bushes after 45 days. Potatoes are only watered if planted in dry areas.
Remove weeds. After 1-2 weeks, when shoots appear, loosen the ground, but shallowly. Loosen the soil 2 more times.
A week before harvesting, it is recommended to mow the tops. Then the potatoes will ripen faster and will be better stored.
After harvesting, the tubers are placed in drying boxes, where they dry for 7-9 days.
Potatoes are stored in a dry and cool room at an air temperature of +10 degrees.
Tatiana, Ukraine, Ovidiopol
The skin of the tubers is pale pink, when the tubers are young, it is perfectly peeled off. I like to make mashed potatoes out of it, it is not watery, it is easy to beat.
The bushes do not get sick, they do not need to be watered abundantly, they perfectly endure heat and drought. Potatoes grow very quickly.
Sergey, Belarus, Minsk
This is the best super early variety, easy to care for. The tubers are large with minimal maintenance. If desired, you can have 2 crops in one summer.
Bellarosa potatoes are a super early variety with excellent tuber flavor. Planted potatoes are easy to care for, resistant to diseases, and have a long shelf life.
Description and characteristics of the Bellarosa potato variety, planting and care
The German potato variety Bellarosa, which has taken root in Russian gardens and farms, is famous for its early ripening period, rich taste, and long storage. When growing crops in the southern regions, it is possible to get two crops per season.
- 1 Description and characteristics of the Bellarosa variety
- 1.1 Productivity
- 1.2 Characteristics of tubers
- 1.3 Stability
- 2 Pros and cons of potatoes
- 3 Specificity of growing potatoes
- 3.1 How to prepare the plot and seed potatoes
- 3.2 Planting process
- 4 Tips for crop care
- 4.1 Required fertilizers
- 4.2 Watering rules
- 4.3 Loosening the soil
- 4.4 Hilling bushes
- 5 Protection against diseases and pests
- 6 Collecting and storing the crop of potatoes
- 7 Potential growing problems
- 8 Reviews of Bellarosa potatoes
General characteristics: high-yielding drought-resistant early German variety, recommended for cultivation in Eastern Europe. Resistant to all diseases. It tolerates transportation well. Due to the specific bright red color of the peel in Russian-speaking countries, it received the popular name "Cherry".
Ripening period: 50-60 days.
Average mass of tubers (grams): 117-202.
The number of tubers in the bush: 8-9.
Consumer qualities: good, crumbles during cooking.
Keeping quality (storage capacity): 93% (high).
Preferred growing regions (RF): suitable for all types of soil, recommended for the Central Black Earth region.
Disease Resistance: Sufficiently resistant to all diseases.
Growing features: germination is desirable before planting, to get large tubers it is better to plant bushes after 20 cm, row spacing - 75 cm, reacts well to fertilization, flowering is weak or absent altogether.
Others: the originator of the Bellarosa potato variety is EUROPLANT PFLANZENZUCHT GMBH (Germany). The popular name is "Cherry".
Vegetables are taken out of storage in advance (15–20 days). They are laid out in small containers and left in a lighted place. During this time, it will sprout and grow faster in the ground. The temperature should be +15 ⁰С.
So that the roots do not disappear during cultivation, summer residents recommend scattering it on the floor in one layer.
After the tubers sprout, they can be planted in the ground.
Sooner or later, every summer resident faces the question of choosing a potato variety for growing in their summer cottage. Thanks to the active work of breeders and agronomists, today there are a huge number of different varieties of potatoes. Not so long ago, a special variety of Bellarosa potatoes was invented by leading German researchers. Breeders have tried to give this variety the greatest number of advantages and benefits. Bellarosa potatoes are widely popular among experienced summer residents and novice gardeners. It has a high taste, a short ripening period, and a rich yield. The tubers are round and weigh about 200 grams. On the cut, the pulp has a creamy shade and a delicate structure.
In the process of heat treatment, the pulp acquires a dark hue. The eyes are located at a shallow depth. Under each bush, as a rule, at least 10 potatoes are formed. Each root vegetable contains about 15% starch. During heat treatment, the fruits retain their shape, therefore they are widely used for the preparation of various salads. The period of maturation of Bellarosa potatoes is no more than 60 days. When grown in greenhouse conditions, the crop can be obtained as early as 45 days after planting. Potatoes can be grown in any region of Ukraine. It has the highest yield in the south of the country. There you can get a double harvest in one season. In this case, potatoes are planted at the end of April and harvested in mid-September. Record yields make Bellarosa potatoes widely popular with farmers.
The preparation of the site for planting seed material begins in the fall. The soil should be dug up to a depth of at least 40 cm. To increase the fertility of the topsoil, add humus and wood ash. In the spring, just before planting potatoes, you should re-dig the soil. A small amount of urea and potassium permanganate is added to it. Urea will saturate the soil with a sufficient amount of potassium, and potassium permanganate will help get rid of pathogenic microorganisms.
Before planting, potatoes are placed in a bright and dry place at a temperature of at least 15 degrees Celsius. The sprouts are formed within two weeks. Tubers with at least three sprouts are suitable for further cultivation. About a day before planting in open ground, the seed must be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The depth of each hole must be at least 20 cm. Bellarosa potatoes can also be planted under black agrofibre. It will protect plantings from the negative influence of harmful insects and weeds.
Watering potatoes is carried out only in dry regions of our country; you can use drip irrigation systems. This is because potatoes are highly drought tolerant. Rainy regions have enough natural precipitation. For normal growth and development, you should systematically weed and loosen the soil. Loosening will provide access to the maximum amount of oxygen to the deep layers of the soil. In addition, the loose soil provides unobstructed access to liquid. Harvesting is carried out after the tops have wilted. Bellarosa potatoes are stored in a cellar at a temperature of no more than 5 degrees Celsius. For storage, it is better to choose wooden boxes. Some gardeners choose to grow Bellarosa potatoes from seeds sold in specialty stores. In this case, the growing season is doubled. Growing potatoes from seeds is best done in a polycarbonate greenhouse. There, the seedlings will be protected from the negative effects of climatic conditions.
Agrotechnics of cultivation and care
In order for the yield to be high, the entire process of growing potatoes must be divided into several stages. Each of them is important for the overall result. It is necessary to start with high-quality preparation of the soil for the culture, which is carried out in the fall.
Successful cultivation of root crops is possible on light, nutrient-rich and well-aerated soils, in terms of the texture of sandy loam or loam. Too damp, swampy areas with a close location of groundwater, as well as heavy clay soils are not suitable for potatoes. A slightly increased acidity is acceptable, its culture tolerates relatively well, however, on too acidic soils, liming is necessarily carried out or ash is added.
A site for potatoes is chosen well-lit by the sun; plants planted in the shade do not show high yields. For 1 m 2 of beds, 5-10 kg of humus are introduced and dug deeply. The earth is left for the winter in layers, without leveling it with a rake.
2-4 weeks before planting, the potatoes are vernalized (germinated). They are taken out of the cellar, examined and sorted. Select healthy, undamaged tubers, without visible traces of disease. The best planting material is medium-sized, about the size of a chicken egg. If only large Bellarosa potatoes are available, they are first germinated and then cut into several pieces. Germination, in addition to the appearance of more friendly and early shoots, allows you to avoid the disease of plantings with late blight.
For disinfection and better germination of potato eyes, the tubers are pre-soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate and growth stimulants. Then they are spread in one layer in a well-lit room and kept at a temperature of 12-17 ˚C.
In order for the cut to cork, large potatoes are cut 2-3 days before planting in the ground, leaving the top and parts with 2-3 germinated eyes. If you do not follow this procedure, then infection can easily penetrate the tuber from the soil through a fresh cut.
Sprouted bellarosa potato tubers are planted in the beds around the end of April or early May (depending on climatic conditions), when the air temperature warms up to 15 ˚C and the weather forecast does not portend a cold snap. Planting is carried out in holes or rows according to a scheme of 30-40 cm between potatoes, and no more than 50 cm between rows. The seeding depth of the planting material should be 8-10 cm. At this moment, superphosphate, ash or nitroammofoska are used as fertilizers, which are mixed with the ground before the tubers are placed there. A good result is also obtained by using complex fertilizers with microelements.
In regions with a temperate and humid climate, loosening is carried out to a greater depth than in the south. In hot weather and on sandy soils, they are limited to shallow processing of row spacings to a depth of 8 cm, with an excess of moisture, loosening is carried out more often. After the plants reach 15-20 cm in height, hilling the bushes is carried out, or ridges are formed. The same technique allows you to save young seedlings from death during recurrent frosts.
Further care for potato plantings includes procedures such as weed control, pest control, fertilization and, if necessary, watering. Weeds can be controlled manually or with herbicides, which greatly facilitates the work of the gardener in large areas.
An early ripe potato variety Bellarosa is fertilized several times per season.
- The first feeding is performed shortly after germination or before hilling. To do this, use saltpeter, infusion of chicken droppings or manure. You can also take nitroammophoska or use dry humus.
- The second plant feeding is given before flowering. Potash-phosphorus fertilizers or ash are used.
- The third time fertilization is applied at the beginning of the formation of tubers. At this point, potatoes need nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. On sandy soils, the use of kalimag or potassium magnesium is especially effective.
Harvesting begins 45 days after germination (first digging), selectively pushing the soil at the roots and taking out the largest tubers. Mass harvesting is carried out with yellowing and lodging of the tops after another 2 weeks. To accelerate the ripening of potatoes, breaking the green mass, as well as stopping watering, helps. Dig up tubers in dry weather with a pitchfork or a shovel. The harvest is put in boxes or vegetable nets.They are left to dry for several days under a canopy, and then transferred to permanent storage in a basement or cellar. A small amount of potatoes of this variety in the fall, before the onset of frost, can also lie in bags in the barn.