Jasmine: language of jasmine flowers and plants
LANGUAGE AND MEANING OF FLOWERS AND PLANTS
Jasmine is a plant known since ancient times especially in Asian countries and for the Arab tradition it is a plant that symbolizes divine love.
A beautiful Arab legend tells of their origin: once there was Kitza, the mother of all stars, who in her palace of clouds was intent on preparing golden dresses for all her children when a group suddenly appeared in front of her of little stars protesting because, according to them, their clothes weren't pretty enough. The mother tried to calm them down and begged her not to make too much noise and not to waste her time because she still had to dress all the other stars. But the stars didn't listen to him and kept complaining. At that point Micar passed by, the king of spaces who, after knowing the reason why the stars were making so much noise, was so indignant that he chased them from the firmament, tearing off their clothes and throwing them into the earth in the middle of the mud. Kitza, deeply saddened by what had happened, was inconsolable because she thought that her stars would be trampled and humiliated by men in that way. But the lady of the Bersto gardens took pity on the poor mother and decided to transform the stars into fragrant flowers. Thus the jasmines were born.
The best known species in the West is lo Jasminum officinale (photo above) which is characterized by a five-petal flower. This aspect is very important because in both Western and Eastern traditions the number five represents the Great Mother who has taken on various names: Aphrodite for the Greeks, Ishtar for the Babylonians, etc. so much so that in Asia Minor a pentacle was worn around the neck as an amulet because it was thought that the Great Mother in this way protected from evil spirits.
Jasmine is therefore a positive flower, widely used in the language of love and feelings and takes on different meanings depending on the color: a white jasmine means amiability; one yellow happiness; a red one means that you want the person to whom you give.
Jasmine is a famous plant, known for its beautiful, very fragrant white and yellow flowers. This plant includes about 200 species. It can be shrubby or climbing, reaching even 15 meters in height. The leaves of the plant vary according to the species, while the flowers are always star-shaped, with a long tubule at the base. The colors are different: they are pink and red, but the most common colors are white and yellow.
Jasmine is cultivated very easily because in principle they are very resistant plants. In the garden they can be kept safely if the temperatures in winter are not too rigid. If the weather gets cold it is good to protect the plant with non-woven fabric, taking care to cover the base of the plant with foliage or the like, to avoid freezing the base. Jasmine finds its ideal environment when exposed to full sun: in these conditions the plant will flower abundantly. Jasmine can be used, climbing, on arches and border nets. The bushes can instead be inserted in green spaces, as a combination with other perennial shrubs.
Jasmine plants love loose, well-drained, neutral soil. The earth is therefore good to be mixed with gravel, at least for 30%. If you are growing the plant in pot, it is good to take care to choose the varieties that remain smaller, such as the Odoratissimum, the Sambac, the Polyanthum. For the more delicate species it is thus possible to move the plant in a greenhouse or at home during the winter. Again the soil must be a mix of earth and gravel or expanded clay. The pots must be at least 30 cm wide and deeper.
Irrigation and fertilizer
Jasmine is an undemanding plant. For this it is sufficient to irrigate the plant only once a week in the first two years of planting and, after this time, it can be considered almost autonomous. It will be enough to irrigate it maybe only when there is a lot of drought.
If the plant is in a pot, watering must be done more frequently, especially in hot climates. The plant will flower better and more if it has been fertilized well. The ideal thing is to add organic fertilizer seasoned in early spring. Then continuing the fertilization of the plant, approximately every 10 days, with another liquid fertilizer with a high potassium content, from April to June. The flowers can be more or less early, it depends on the species.
Jasmine are resistant plants, which is why they suffer little from attacks by parasites and diseases. However, it can happen that they are attacked by aphids and phytophagous insects. These will be eliminated with the appropriate insecticides, the ideal are those by contact and ingestion.
The plant does not require any other special interventions, not even such as pruning. However, the ideal thing is to prune the plant in spring, but it only serves to possibly adjust its size. In fact, by nature they do not like to be contained too much. Old and dry branches should be cut at the base. To stimulate greater flowering, cut the branches at the height of the last flowering bud, immediately after flowering. Due to its anti-pruning nature, it is advisable to select the right jasmine variety for the space available.
Reproduction of the plant
To carry out the reproduction of the plant, it is much clearer to give the instructions with a video.
Jasmine: language of jasmine flowers and plants
Taurus - element: Earth
First decade: 20 - April 30
In the language of flowers: Perfect love
You have a heart full of good feelings, you are able to communicate what you feel and transmit security and warmth. Stable in love, you know how to be the ideal companion. You have artistic talent, you sing well and you have a certain taste in the kitchen. The only flaw, you give credit to the gossip and suffer from unmotivated jealousies.
Second decade: 1 - 10 May
In the language of flowers: Fatal Attraction
Intense and sensitive, you live on another planet, a world interwoven with dreams, light years away from reality. You blindly trust your intuitions, you have very strong sensations, almost always exact and in the face of important choices you prefer to rely more on the heart than on the head.
Third decade: 11 - 20 May
In the language of flowers: Sweet feelings
Sweet and sensual, you love with all your senses but you are not the type to stop on the surface. You are looking for the essence of things, in love you give a lot but in exchange you demand the soul: delicate emotions, sweet feelings, shared sensations but also solid plans for a future together.
Favorite color: The sign of Venus, which is at ease in the home environment and professes unconditional love, is matched by the soft tones of pink and blue.
The word jasmine comes from the Persian "yasamin" with the superimposition of the word "g elso". It belongs to the Oleaccee family, with white or yellow starry flowers and very fragrant. It includes about two hundred shrub species. The best known jasmine is jasminum officinale. Another renowned species is the humble jasminum.
Jasmine, originally from Malabar in the East Indies, was imported into Europe by Spanish navigators between 1524 and 1528. But in Italy, however, it seems to have existed even before that time, and a well-designed figure of this flower proves it. color that is found in the Codex left us by Rinio "L iber de Simplicibus" written in 1415.
The first to have some specimens was Cosimo I de 'Medici, known as the "great devil": he fell in love with this little flower, that wanting to be the only owner, he strictly forbade his gardeners to give even a single plant and reproduce it in many specimens. The grand-ducal order was scrupulously respected for many years and who knows how long the jasmine would have remained the exclusive property of the Medici, if a fortuitous event had not facilitated its propagation. A young gardener, wanting to present a rich and kind gift to his girlfriend on her name day, thought of offering her a sprig of jasmine, and so he did. The young woman liked it very much: sad that such a beautiful and rare flower should wither so soon, she put it on the ground to keep it fresh longer. He got more than he hoped for. The jasmine remained green throughout the year, and in the following spring it sprouted new shoots and new flowers. Subjected to better cultivation, it became more robust and gave luxuriant suckers which constituted as many plants.
He became the father, if not of all, at least most of the jasmine we own! The proceeds from the sale of these seedlings were so conspicuous that the poor lovers soon became wealthy and happy spouses. From that time the Tuscan girls used to bring a bunch of jasmine on their wedding day, in memory of this event.
In Tuscany still today it is said that “a girl worthy of carrying that bouquet is rich enough to make her husband's fortune”.
Jasmine: uses, benefits and properties
Jasmine oil has numerous properties and is used in aromatherapy to counteract depressive and anxious states. But not only is it considered an ally of women for the relief of menstrual pain, while in herbal medicine jasmine flowers are used for the production of soaps and anti wrinkle creams.
The essential oil also has antiseptic and antibacterial properties. A few drops added to any cream can be beneficial in case of pimples. It has healing properties, it can be used for the marks left by pimples and acne, for the treatment of wounds and even for stretch marks.
Still, in case of cough and cold it can dissolve mucus and due to its sedative properties it is a plant that is used to facilitate sleep.
How to distinguish jasmine from "false jasmine"?
As with all plants, observing the flowers. As you can see from the images, they are similar only if we don't look at them carefully. Let's compare the three most common species of jasmine we find in gardens with the false jasmine:
False jasmine has, like other plants in its family, oleanders, periwinkles and frangipani, for example, petals that rotate on their axis, like a pinwheel.
While the jasmines of the Jasminum genus have petals that develop around the stamens and ovary like a star.
The leaves are also very different, more leathery and larger than those of the false jasmine, as you can see from the images.
I hope that in this way it is clear to you how to recognize these two plants and be able to choose the right essence to plant, not only based on the ease of cultivation, but also for a possible use. officinale in home herbal medicine.
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Jasmine, variety and care
What we commonly call Jasmine is nothing more than a variety of the Jasminum, genus belonging to the Oleaceae family, coming from the temperate zones of the planet. It is a shrubby or climbing plant, mostly cultivated for ornamental purposes, even if it must be recognized for its medicinal properties (especially in the perfume industry) and homeopathic (against flu, headaches and colds).
Taking care of a Jasmine plant is a rather simple operation, as long as you respect the needs of light (abundant, but protecting the plant from direct sunlight), water (little in winter, especially for plants grown in greenhouses) e temperature (beware of frosts in the harsh season).
These are the general rules to follow for a good cultivation, but it is clear that each species of Jasminum has particular requests to be presented to the gardener's hand. So let's get to know more closely the most popular varieties of this splendid plant, which satisfies the sight and smell with its very fragrant white or yellow flowers.
The Jasminum azoricum it is also known as Jasmine trifoliate and is particularly suitable for decorating walls and fences, as it can reach four meters in height.
The Jasminum fruticans it differs from the common Jasmine both for the color of the flowers (yellow) and for the fragrance, in this case practically absent. In the summer, however, it manages to give an excellent show with a particularly abundant flowering, followed by black fruits.
The Jasminum grandiflorum o Jasmine of Spain is characterized by large white flowers, visible from spring to autumn (in temperate climates even in winter). It fears cold temperatures more than any other.
The Jasminum nudiflorum, instead, it finds its best location on the north-facing walls. It offers bright yellow flowers and can reach three meters in height.
The Jasminum nitidum it is characterized by leaves 6-8 centimeters long and gives an almost perennial flowering, if placed sheltered from winter frosts.
Find your ideal species and plant it in your garden, perhaps with the help of the gallery that we propose below.