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Large-fruited remontant strawberry Aromas - the concentrated taste of summer in your home

Large-fruited remontant strawberry Aromas - the concentrated taste of summer in your home


Repair strawberries are very popular among summer residents and gardeners. This is not surprising - by planting such plants, you can enjoy the aroma and taste of juicy sweet berries in late summer and even autumn. The Aromas variety is valued for its resistance to pests and diseases, productivity, as well as for large fruits suitable for harvesting and fresh consumption.

The history of the appearance of strawberry Aromas

Strawberry Aromas (Aromas) - large-fruited remontant variety of neutral daylight hours. Translated from French, remontant means to rise again, bloom again. Repaired strawberries are capable of producing more than one harvest of berries per season, fruiting begins in May and ends with the first snow. The varieties of remontant strawberries (garden strawberries) are divided into two types:

  1. Garden strawberry with long daylight hours (abbreviated as DSD), which is capable of forming flower buds only with a long period of illumination. DSD varieties bear fruit 2 times a year. At the same time, the first July harvest is usually small. The second fruiting occurs in August and September and is 2-3 times more than the previous one.
  2. Garden strawberry of neutral daylight hours (abbreviated to NDM), which forms flower buds at any length of daylight hours. On strawberries of the NSD varieties, you can simultaneously see flowers and berries of varying degrees of ripeness. Fruiting occurs most of the year.

Aromas strawberry was bred at the University of California in 1991. It got its name due to its bright strawberry aroma. The variety appeared in Europe and the post-Soviet space in 2010–2011. and managed to prove himself superbly.

Description and characteristics of the variety

Description of bushes and fruits:

  • The height of the Aromas strawberry bushes is 30–40 cm. The bushes are compact, erect, with a well-developed root system, with strong peduncles numbering up to 50 ovaries. The rounded leaves with numerous teeth are raised above the ground, which makes it easier to care for bushes, harvest and makes plants less accessible to pests.
  • Berries with an average weight of 25-30 g, conical or heart-shaped. The color is bright red, turning into a darker one as it ripens. Fruits are dense, with a shiny skin, resistant to damage, well stored, transportable.
  • Berries will taste sweet and sour, sweet or very sweet depending on the region, degree of ripeness, harvest time and care. When the fruit is dyed dark, the taste becomes more intense. Autumn berries take longer to ripen due to the lack of the required amount of light and heat, but they gain more sweetness.

Medium-sized bright red Aromas berries with firm juicy pulp

Characteristics of strawberry Aromas:

  • Very demanding on soils. The variety grows well on humus-rich chernozems. To obtain a good harvest, regular fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers is necessary, otherwise the plants may die, unable to withstand constant fruiting.
  • It is moisture-loving, needs regular watering (once a week, and in hot weather, once every 3 days).
  • Does not like neighborhood with weeds, regular weeding and loosening are desirable.
  • With good watering it can withstand high temperatures.
  • Average winter hardiness. In the northern regions, it is necessary to cover for the cold season. So that the plants have time to prepare for winter and lay new flower buds, after the last harvest, the flowers are cut off.
  • It is immune to many diseases and pests. The authors declared resistance to powdery mildew, weak susceptibility to spot, anthracnose, wilting, spider mite.
  • Harvest 500-800 grams per bush, and with proper care up to two kilograms. The berries are tied both on the main bushes and on young mustaches.
  • Despite being repaired, the variety produces a large number of whiskers.

At the same time, flowers, ovaries and berries of varying degrees of maturity can be seen on the bush.

Agrotechnics

To get a consistently high yield of strawberries, you need to know cultivation techniques.

Predecessors and neighbors in the garden

Strawberry NSD severely depletes soil. When growing the Aromas variety in one place, it is impossible to achieve good yields; crop rotation is necessary. The best predecessors for culture are:

  • siderates (rapeseed, oats, phacelia, vetch, winter rye, buckwheat, lupine);
  • legumes;
  • greens (salad, celery, parsley);
  • vegetable crops - carrots, beets, onions, garlic, radishes, radishes.

Bad predecessors for strawberries are berry crops that are prone to the same diseases: currants, raspberries and gooseberries. Plants that need a lot of nutrients are also not suitable. So, will be unusable:

  • potatoes,
  • tomatoes,
  • sunflower,
  • pumpkin,
  • cabbage,
  • cucumbers,
  • zucchini,
  • Jerusalem artichoke.

Well-chosen neighbors in the garden will help to avoid strawberry diseases, increase and save the harvest. Marigolds will scare off the nematode, parsley and other aromatic herbs - snails and slugs, legumes will enrich and loosen the soil, and onions and garlic will disinfect.

Soil preparation

One of the main conditions for ensuring high and stable strawberry yields is timely soil preparation. Acidic soils with a pH below 5.5 need to be limed a year or two before planting the berry. 1-2 weeks before planting seedlings, the earth is dug to a depth of 20-25 cm, lumps are broken, the surface is leveled. Then organic and mineral fertilizers must be added. 1 m2 make:

  • up to 10 kg of compost;
  • 0.5 l of wood ash;
  • 50–70 g of superphosphate;
  • 20-30 g of potassium sulfate.

Planting and breeding

Growing strawberries Aromas has one significant drawback: the bushes age quickly. It is pointless to replant adult plants of the remontant variety, since they are short-lived even with very good care, so you need to update the berry every 2-3 years.

Video: seedlings from seeds

Strawberry breeding methods:

  • seeds;
  • dividing the bush;
  • layering (mustache).

The easiest option is reproduction by layering. With sufficient watering, the whiskers will grow throughout the summer, especially at the end of August when the temperature drops. You can plant seedlings throughout the season, starting in July. The beds must be mulched with straw, sawdust, agrofibre. Hay, moss, leaves and freshly cut grass must not be used.

After planting strawberry seedlings, for the first two weeks, daily watering is required (at least 0.5 liters per plant). Then it is necessary to water less often, it is enough every other day.

The compact size of the Aromas bush allows you to plant more plants

Planting on spunbond greatly facilitates the process of growing strawberries. Using this method, you can get the first harvest a week earlier and prevent the development of weeds.

Video: how to put agrofiber

Top dressing

Fertilizer is the most important condition for health, long life of bushes and high yields.

  • The first nitrogen-type feeding is necessary in the spring, when young leaves appear. An excellent result is obtained by fertilization with mullein or chicken droppings: a bucket of concentrated mullein solution is diluted with water 4–6 times, chicken droppings - 8–10 times. Ten liters is enough for 10-15 strawberry bushes. From mineral fertilizers, you can take 20 g of ammonium nitrate or 10-15 g of ammonium nitrate and dilute in 10 liters of water.
  • The next time it is necessary to feed the strawberries during flowering, during this period the berry is especially in need of nutrition.
    Again, you can fertilize plants with organic matter: use Biohumus or ready-made complex fertilizers with microelements for strawberries and strawberries.
  • In the future, it is necessary to regularly fertilize the plants, preferably every two weeks: 10-15 complex dressings per season with preparations containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace elements. It is good to combine root dressing with foliar. Spraying the leaves can be done in the evening or in cloudy weather with any complex fertilizer. The concentration of the solution should be 2-3 times less than when watering at the root.
  • The last feeding with potassium-phosphorus and organic fertilizers is carried out in September, after harvesting berries, removing old leaves and treatment with drugs to protect against viral and fungal diseases.

Watering

The roots of strawberries are shallow, so the plants need to be watered regularly, especially abundantly in the first days after planting. Proper hydration greatly affects the flavor of the berries, the quality and quantity of the harvest.

Watering is also required during the ripening period of the crop: in dry, hot weather, the plants must be watered daily. Water consumption rate - 20-30 liters per 1 m2... It is important not to overflow, otherwise the fruits will be sour and may rot. With a lack of moisture, the taste of the berries deteriorates, the size decreases, the strawberry dries up.

Preparing for winter

In September, flowers and berries should be removed, old diseased leaves should be cut off, rows should be thinned and fertilized. Phosphorus and potassium help plants recover from fruiting and better prepare for the frosty winter. Potassium-phosphorus fertilizers remain in the soil for a long time - by spring, when the vegetative development of strawberries begins, good nutrition will be very useful. It is undesirable to apply nitrogen fertilizers in the fall, since the plants must stop growing before the onset of frost.

The beds must be mulched. It is useful to use compost and well-rotted manure as mulch. With the onset of frost in the northern regions, it is advisable to cover strawberries with spunbond or other covering material.

Purpose and use of strawberry Aromas

The variety is suitable for both processing and fresh consumption.

  • Due to its good yield, high transportability and keeping quality, Aromas berries are suitable for commercial production.
  • Late ripening will delight summer residents and gardeners, prolonging the pleasure of wonderful berries.
  • It is good to use Aromas for freezing, providing yourself with vitamins for a long time.
  • The NSD variety is better than others for growing a house on a windowsill and can please people who do not have land plots.

Growing remontant strawberries at home is different from growing in a garden bed. To plant plants, you need containers or pots of a certain volume, prepared or purchased soil, your own irrigation and feeding regimes. If you grow strawberries at home, you can enjoy the berries all year round.

Reviews of experienced gardeners

Choosing garden strawberries Aromas, providing the plants with the necessary care and attention, you will not regret your decision, the effort and time spent, and you will enjoy the taste and aroma of magnificent berries in summer and autumn.

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