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Croton: home care, transplant, reproduction, why it dries and falls off

Croton: home care, transplant, reproduction, why it dries and falls off


Houseplants

Croton (or codieus) is the most beautiful representative of indoor decorative deciduous plants. Its dense glossy leaves amaze with a variety of shapes and colors in the autumn palette.
The seeds of crotons growing in nature are used to obtain medicinal oil, and valuable resins are extracted from some species.

The cultivated croton is a terrible sissy, constantly demanding love and attention. But this elegant bush is so charming that you will readily forgive him all the whims, especially since you can find out from our article:

  • what conditions do Croton need;
  • what kind of care will make the plant look as attractive as possible;
  • how to protect croton from diseases, pests and other problems.

Planting and caring for croton

  • Bloom: the plant belongs to decorative deciduous.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight before noon, and after - bright diffused light or light partial shade.
  • Temperature: in summer 20-22 ˚C, in winter not lower than 16 ˚C.
  • Watering: persistent but moderate.
  • Air humidity: high. The plant needs constant spraying and washing of the leaves, as well as regular shower procedures (once or twice a month).
  • Top dressing: a solution of a complex mineral fertilizer for decorative deciduous plants twice a month from April to November, the rest of the time - once a month.
  • Rest period: in winter.
  • Transfer: young plants - 2 times a year, adults - 1 time in two years.
  • Reproduction: seeds, leaf and stem cuttings.
  • Pests: mealybugs, scale insects, nematodes, spider mites.
  • Diseases: sooty mushroom, gray rot,
  • Properties: the sap of the plant is poisonous.

Read more about growing croton below.

Plant croton (Latin Croton), it is codiaeum (lat.Codiaeum) or "Cloak of Joseph", belongs to the genus of the Euphorbia family. What does the name "Croton" mean, which gardeners liked more than the scientific "codiaum", translated from Greek as "head", no one knows for sure. Maybe this name comes from the name of a city in southern Italy, in which Pythagoras once founded his school, or maybe in some dialect this word means "bush" ... The homeland of wild crotons is the islands of the Pacific Ocean and Northern Australia, India, as well as Southeast Asia.

The number of species in the genus varies from 17 to 1200, but in indoor culture croton flowers are represented only by variegated croton and its hybrids. The croton flower is one of the most beautiful decorative deciduous indoor plants, which serves as a wonderful interior decoration and, as a rule, does not take up too much space. In some countries, the houseplant croton is considered a hearth keeper, protecting the house from poor energy.

Growing features

The indoor flower croton is a bush with leathery leaves of various forms: asymmetric, oblong-lanceolate, pointed or obtuse, whole-edged, three-lobed, notched, broadly ovate, etc. Young leaves, usually of lighter yellow-green hues, acquire richer green and burgundy colors over time, so your home croton flower is colored like an elegant autumn forest. A common feature for leaves of all varieties and varieties - pronounced venation. The bloom of croton will not cause you delight, since it is a hanging axillary carpal inflorescence of nondescript cream flowers.

In the photo: Croton growing on the street

The home croton flower has earned the fame of one of the most capricious plants. What are the features of croton care?

  • Croton juice is poisonous. It causes diarrhea, vomiting, contact dermatitis, so all work with Croton must be carried out with gloves.
  • Croton at home needs not just spraying the leaves from a spray bottle, but also wiping them with a damp sponge. Give Croton a warm shower every month in the summer.
  • Croton does not tolerate watering with cold water and drafts!
  • Sometimes at the beginning of the growing season, croton leaves take on strange shapes. How this is explained, no one knows, but croton has a high degree of mutability, and therefore it became possible to breed many varieties and hybrid forms of this plant, and they differ only in how the leaf of a particular croton variety looks.
  • The nondescript bloom of croton takes a lot of energy from the plant, and if you are not going to engage in breeding experiments, it is better to remove flower buds or flower stalks immediately.

Croton care at home

Care rules

Croton loves bright light, but he can take baths from direct sunlight only in the morning or before sunset, so in the summer the sill of the northern window is suitable for him, and in the winter, when the sun is shining but not warming, the southern one. If you have the opportunity to take out croton in the summer to fresh air and bright diffused light, do not neglect it. The most comfortable temperature for croton in summer is 20-22 ºC, in winter it is not lower than 16 ºC.

In the photo: Handsome Croton

Watering croton it is necessary that the earthen lump is always slightly moist, but at the same time, so that moisture does not stagnate in the roots and does not cause the danger of their decay. Water for irrigation should not be cold, and most importantly, it needs to be filtered or at least defended. The humidity of the air for croton is of great importance, so you will have to regularly spray or wipe the leaves with a damp washcloth, and in the summer season, once a month, arrange for him a warm shower, but so that the water does not flow into the pot.

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Fertilize Croton solution of complex mineral fertilizers on pre-moistened soil from April to November twice a month, in winter once a month is enough. To form a beautiful crown in croton, pruning (for an adult plant) and pinching (for young crotons) are used. Plants that have reached 15 cm in height are pinched, and then each time the shoots grow 20 cm. In adult plants, after pruning, the cuts are treated with sulfur or charcoal powder.

It is advisable to remove flower buds or young flower stalks that have appeared, because flowering, which has no decorative value, exhausts the croton, and this affects the health and beauty of its leaves.

In the photo: Growing croton in a pot

Transfer

Young crotons are transplanted twice a year, mature crotons once every two years, and each subsequent pot should be 2 cm larger in diameter than the previous one. When your croton takes up a container with a diameter of 25 cm, this will be its last transplant, but subsequently you will have to remove the top layer of soil from the pot every year and replace it with fresh substrate. The soil for croton should be of approximately the following composition: sod, peat, leafy soil and river sand in equal parts.

When transplanting, it is advisable not to disturb the croton's earthen lump, but simply transfer it from the old pot to a new container with a drainage layer of about a quarter of the pot's volume.

Croton in winter

When the cold season comes, the croton is moved from the northern window sill to the southern one, watering is reduced, but they continue to adhere to the same principle: the earthen lump should be slightly damp. Water procedures are also continued - spraying and rubbing the leaves with a damp sponge, but this is not done as often as in the warm season, and it is better to forget about the shower until summer. You need to feed the plant no more than once a month, but some professionals are sure that in winter croton does not need feeding at all.

In the photo: Yellow leaves of croton

Croton reproduction

Growing from seeds

At home, croton is propagated by seeds, when it comes to growing hybrids, and stem or leaf cuttings. Croton seeds quickly lose their germination, so you need to sow freshly harvested seeds. It should also be considered that the germination process takes a long time, and most importantly, that varietal characteristics are usually not preserved during generative propagation. Before planting, large croton seeds need to be warmed up in water at a temperature of 60 ºC for half an hour and left to swell for a day. Sowing is carried out to a depth of one centimeter, the temperature required for seed germination is 22 ºC. Until shoots appear, the soil in the seed container is moistened with bottom irrigation. When the seedlings have a third leaf, they are seated in separate pots with a diameter of 7 cm and looked after, like an adult croton.

In the photo: Croton growing

Vegetative breeding method

How to propagate croton by cuttings? The easiest way is to root an apical stalk 6-10 cm long, but if you need several cuttings, then the shoot is cut into pieces in such a way that each segment has at least one internode with one healthy leaf. Lignified or semi-lignified cuttings root most easily.

The toxic milky juice flowing from the slices should be washed off with water and then allowed to air dry for three hours.

On the upper part of the apical cutting, the leaves are shortened parallel to the veins in half, and the leaves are removed from the lower part. Then the cuttings are placed with a dried and treated root cut in a container with water heated to 23-30 ºC (to avoid decay of the planting material), and placed under bright diffused light for growing roots. When the stalk grows roots 2 cm long, it is transplanted into a substrate for croton. In the first decade after transplanting, around the cuttings transplanted into the ground, it is necessary to create increased air humidity through frequent spraying. You will learn that the cuttings have begun by restoring the elasticity of the leaf.

Pests and diseases

Croton infect mealybugs, nematodes, scale insects and spider mites, and more often than others, it is mites. It is difficult to say why croton is so attracted to them, but sometimes the struggle with them brings the owner of the flower to an extreme degree of irritation, and he, desperate to win this fight, simply throws out the croton. But let me remind you: if you follow all the rules of care, neither insects nor diseases are terrible for your plants, and the appearance of ticks is explained by the fact that croton was rarely washed and irregularly watered, so blame only yourself for such troubles.

You can fight the spider mite, worm and scabbard by wiping the ground parts of the croton with a tobacco solution with the addition of soap, which must be washed off after an hour and a half so that it does not get into the substrate.

Photo: Healthy Croton

Croton dropped the leaves

If the plant has dropped its leaves, then it cannot drink. This happens if the roots are cold. Move the plant to a warm, bright place, arrange the humidification mode, letting the earthy coma dry a few centimeters deep between waterings, stop feeding the flower, spray the leaves well and put a transparent bag or cap on the plant.

All about azaleas in questions and answers

Why Croton dries

If only the lower leaves of the croton dry up, then there is no need to worry: the gradual exposure of the lower part of the stem is a natural process for crotons. Dry leaf tips indicate that the plant suffers from low air humidity, and for croton, a comfortable humidity indicator of 70%. If the edges of the leaves dry and brown spots appear on them, it means that the room is not warm enough, and the croton is freezing.

If the croton not only dry, but also fall off the leaves, then its roots definitely lack moisture.

In the photo: A rare variety of Croton

Why is shedding leaves

Often readers of the site ask the question why the leaves of the croton are falling. We have already named the first two reasons - chronically insufficient watering and low air humidity. This also happens when the room temperature is too low, as well as from temperature fluctuations or drafts.

What to do if Croton leaves fall?

  • Firstly, carefully re-read the rules for caring for Croton.
  • Secondly, analyze where and how you violated these rules.
  • Thirdly, correct your mistakes and not allow them in the future.

Types and varieties

In indoor culture variegated croton is grown, a distinctive feature of which is the ability to change the color and shape of the leaves, depending on the conditions of existence. It was this quality that made the appearance the basis for experiments in breeding, which culminated in the breeding of many varieties, hybrid forms and varieties.

In the photo: Croton variegated (variegatum)

Variegated croton (variegatum)

grows naturally in Pakistan and China, sometimes reaching a height of three meters. Leaves are short-petiolate. The color of the leaves is green with brown. This species has several forms, differing in the outline of the leaves: appendage, lobed, flat-leaved and painted, which served as the basis for breeding many wonderful varieties.

Varieties:

  • Mrs. Aiston - grows as a large tree or bush with brightly colored maroon leaves with bright pink spots, although there is a variety with golden leaves with almost black fragments and a variety in yellow-pink tones;
  • Petra - in nature it grows up to four meters in height, branches well, the shape of the leaves is oval, lobed or pointed, the color is dark green with a bright yellow edging and the same color with contrasting veins and specks;
  • Black Prince - its broad-oval flat leaves of black-green color with many yellow, red and orange spots look very exotic;
  • Disraeli has a lobed shape of leaves, painted in the upper part in green with yellow veins and specks, and in the lower part in a brick-brown shade;
  • Excellent It differs primarily in the shape of the leaves, reminiscent of oak, the color in the lower part of the leaf is red-burgundy, in the upper part it is yellow-green.

The following varieties of variegated croton are also of interest: mollukskaya, "minus", genoin, oval-leaved, tortoiseshell, curly and spiral. But whatever variety you buy, you can believe that it will become the most visible decoration of your interior.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Euphorbia family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbiaceae) Ornamental-deciduous Indoor trees Variegated plants Plants on K


Croton: home care, transplantation, reproduction, why it dries up and falls off - garden and vegetable garden

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Types and varieties

Bougainvillea nude

The plant got this name because of the bare or almost bare stem without thorns, strongly branching, resembling a liana. The leaves of such a bougainvillea are about 10x4 cm in size, pointed, oval, short petiolate, alternate, whole-edged. The flowers of bougainvillea naked have a size of 2 to 5 cm, most often they are collected in two or three, but there are also single ones. Around the flower is a bracts of lilac, pink-red, white, orange, yellow, with time the bracts turn pale.

Bougainvillea is wonderful

Another type of bougainvillea with a positive name. The main difference from bougainvillea glabrous is that the shoots have significantly more thorns. Bougainvillea remarkable grows on slopes covered with stones, open, its bracts have a red tint.

Bougainvillea Mini Thai

This variety was obtained by crossing naked bougainvillea and Peruvian. The bracts of this plant have a delicate light pink or light orange hue.


Croton flower - features of cultivation

The indoor flower croton is a bush with leathery leaves of various forms: asymmetric, oblong-lanceolate, pointed or obtuse, whole-edged, three-lobed, notched, broadly ovate, etc.

Young leaves, usually of lighter yellow-green hues, acquire richer green and burgundy colors over time, so your home croton flower is colored like an elegant autumn forest. A common feature for leaves of all varieties and varieties is a pronounced venation. The bloom of croton will not cause you delight, since it is a hanging axillary carpal inflorescence of nondescript cream flowers.

The home croton flower has earned the fame of one of the most capricious plants. What are the features of croton care?

  • Croton juice is poisonous. It causes diarrhea, vomiting, contact dermatitis, so all work with Croton must be carried out with gloves.
  • Croton at home needs not just spraying the leaves from a spray bottle, but also wiping them with a damp sponge. Give Croton a warm shower every month in the summer.
  • Croton does not tolerate watering with cold water and drafts!
  • Sometimes at the beginning of the growing season, croton leaves take on strange shapes. How this is explained, no one knows, but croton has a high degree of mutability, and therefore it became possible to breed many varieties and hybrid forms of this plant, and they differ only in how the leaf of a particular croton variety looks.
  • The nondescript bloom of croton takes a lot of energy from the plant, and if you are not going to engage in breeding experiments, it is better to remove flower buds or flower stalks immediately.


Types of monstera

Monstera Adansona (Monstera adansonii schott). Synonym: Dracontium pertusum L., Monstera pertusa (L.) de Vriese, Philodendron pertusum (L.) Kunth & C. D. Bouche.

Homeland - from Costa Rica to Brazil, found in tropical forests. Liana, reaching a height of 8 m. The leaves are thin, with numerous small holes throughout the blade, 22–55 cm long, 15–40 cm wide. The leaf blade is ovoid. In culture, it rarely blooms. Ear on short peduncle 8-13 cm long, 1.5-2 cm wide, light yellow.

Monstera gourmet, or attractive (Monstera deliciosa Lieb.). Synonym: Philodendron pertusum Kunth et Bouehe. Grows in tropical rainforests, mountain forests, rising to an altitude of 1000 m above sea level in Central America. Climbing vine. The leaves are large, up to 60 cm in diameter, cordate, deeply dissected, pinnately lobed and in holes, leathery. Young leaves are cordate, whole-edged. The ear is 25 cm long and 10-20 cm thick. The bedspread is white. The fruit is a berry with a pineapple smell. The flesh of the fruit is edible (sometimes there is an unpleasant burning sensation in the mouth due to the presence of calcium oxalate crystals), it tastes like pineapple.

The well-known climbing houseplant in greenhouses reaches 10-12 m in height, in rooms - up to 3 m. With proper care, mature plants can bloom annually, the fruits ripen within 10-12 months. There is a white and motley uniform (Variegata), which grows slower and more demanding on conditions of detention.

Monstera Borziga (Monstera deliciosa borsigiana (C. Koch ex Engl.) Kngt. Et Krause). The homeland of the plant is Mexico. The leaves are smaller than those of M. deliciosa; the stems are thinner up to 30 cm in diameter. The subspecies arose in culture as a result of splitting during seed reproduction and subsequent selection. Suitable for growing in rooms and other premises.

Monstera oblique (Monstera obliqua Miq.). Synonym: M. crescent (M. falcifolia Engl.), M. expilata (M. expilata Schott.) Grows in tropical rainforests of Brazil (states of Parana and Amazon) and Guiana. Climbing vine. Leaves are elliptical or oblong-lanceolate, 18-20 cm long and 5-6 cm wide, unequal at the base, whole. The petiole is short, 12-13 cm long. Inflorescence on a short, 7-8 cm long, peduncle. The ear is small, 4 cm long, with few flowers.

Monstera punched, or full of holes (Monstera pertusa (L.) de Vriese). Synonym: M. adansonii Schott, M. punched, variety jaeqminii (M. pertusa var.jaeqminii (Scholt) Engl.). Grows in tropical rainforests in tropical America. Climbing vine. Leaves are ovate or oblong-ovate, 60–90 cm long and 20–25 cm wide, unequal, more widened in the lower part, irregularly perforated. The bedspread is white, 20 cm long. The ear is up to 10 cm long.


Florist reviews

Always use Croton supplemental lighting. In any latitude. 12-14 hours a day under a 10 W LED lamp at a height of a meter from the plant - and it will grow almost anywhere very quickly. I have several plants flourishing, with a couple standing in bad places (draft), but bright light (

15000 lux) - it compensates for everything.Constancy of illumination is highly desirable, buy a reliable time relay, and do not trust the illumination to turn on on your own schedule.

neznaika

http://www.botanichka.ru/blog/2010/02/04/croton/

I had my first Croton at work in the office. The only problem I faced was a tick that attacked it regularly. And so he grew up quickly, looked beautiful. Then they gave me a Croton for my birthday. I left him at home. And he grows beautifully and is very handsome. Therefore, in the greenhouse, I bought discounted crotons without fear.

Natalie

http://forum-flower.ru/showthread.php?t=600

Many years ago Croton fell, growing quite successfully. The roots were not damaged, but after the fall, the cuttings disappeared from it, if they rooted, then they suffered the same fate. I suffered so much with him, and I died. Now I know for sure that crotons do not tolerate flight and shock. In general, it happens to them, mine began to disappear after transplantation, he did not like the soil, he had to urgently root the top of his head. He sat, thought, and 3 years after the unsuccessful transplant, he began to give lateral shoots. If peat oxidate acidifies the soil, then you can feed it. Look at the roots, pull out of the flowerpot. Maybe there are pests or earthworms in the soil that eat young roots. As far as I have noticed, Croton does not like organic fertilizers. You can try sprinkling and spraying with immunocytophyte, many plants respond very well to it. Crotons are also very fond of the spider mite, sometimes it is not visible at all. After its work, crotons shed damaged leaves in the same way.

Galka

http://frauflora.ru/viewtopic.php?f=266&t=2931&sid=4663bc5bdb63fe796669ce3bc95b2e98&start=20

My friends cut the stalk in the summer, stuck it in the ground and gave it to me in the winter. He grows beautifully, and in general it seems to me that the difficulties with Croton are greatly exaggerated. The only thing I know for sure is that when pruning, it should be warm and humid (indoors, of course), so you need to prune after the batteries stop heating.

irina-bahus

https://iplants.ru/forum/index.php?showtopic=808

My friend (a biologist, works in the Research Institute of Biology) has crotons cut in bags, dressed from below and tied with a knot at the top. Leaves become soft for a while. Once rooted, they acquire elasticity.

Butter dish

https://iplants.ru/forum/index.php?showtopic=808

Croton can be propagated by a leaf. Even in the fall. In October, I just stuck a leaf of the excellence variety into the ground, watered it, tied it in a bag. I put it in the shade. Sprayed and watered occasionally. And in February, the roots have already grown. I don’t know when there will be shoots. I propagate the leaf for the first time. In November, I propagated the mammy variety with a cuttings. There was a small twig with one leaf. I put the cutting in water, added root and vermicompost. In early February, she planted it in the ground. After a couple of weeks, new leaves appeared. Variety Gold Sun was cut in August with a 20 cm long branch with leaves. Planted in September. It looks like croton doesn't care when to breed and in what way. By the way, vermicompost significantly accelerated the growth of barely growing roots that appeared.

Eva

http://www.botanichka.ru/blog/2010/02/04/croton/

Crotons love to sit without growth, especially oaky. Since they prefer acidic soil, I spilled them with succinic acid in a very weak solution, after 2 weeks they began to grow. I checked it many times.

T.Tamara

http://frauflora.ru/viewtopic.php?f=266&t=2931&sid=4663bc5bdb63fe796669ce3bc95b2e98&start=20

News about Croton !! Didn't live and not dox for 7 months .. did not give any signs of life .. threw off 3 leaves and that's all ... Now I moved it to the southern room, behind the tulle, began to water more often (otherwise, earlier I let the dry stand for a couple of days leaves will not drop) - now no .. changed the top layer of the earth, added humus .. and after yesterday's shower. voila. - finally.

Maria

http://forum-flower.ru/showthread.php?t=600&page=3

Croton was brought from Cuba by a tiny plant. I am forming. I have already pruned it twice and it turns out so interesting that you prune one branch, and it grows in the place of the cut of 3-4 young shoots.

Yavia

http://frauflora.ru/viewtopic.php?f=266&t=2931&sid=58dd8c3d319ada1900adffe1a6ced0d8

Croton (or codiaum) is a very elegant plant. Its painted, patterned leaves will adorn any room. But not everywhere you can grow a capricious handsome man. Sun, warmth and humid air - that's what he needs for a long and beautiful life. These conditions are not so difficult to fulfill. Experienced florists successfully grow entire collections of luxurious plants. They know where one croton has settled, the other will take root easier.


Watch the video: Gardening on a Budget: Vegetative Propagation with Master Gardener Kathleen Livingston