"Pillow" for cucumbers
Hybrid cucumbers Masha F1
What a vegetable garden without cucumber garden? Without the crunchy vegetable that has grown on it in pimples? In the summer it is in a green salad, and in the winter when we open a jar of pickled or pickled cucumbers - here's a nice snack or a nice addition to boiled potatoes. In a word, we cannot do without cucumbers.
There are many ways of growing cucumbers, I myself have tried several of them, but only one of them pleased me the most with its harvest. And I spied on this method of growing cucumbers in a Siberian village. Summer there is short and cool, but the cucumbers turn out to be just a feast for the eyes!
In early spring, a gardener builds a high bed of last year's straw manure, makes depressions in it, pours soil into them and covers them with polyethylene.
A reliable way to grow cucumbers
As soon as the weather permits, they spill the dimples with water and sow cucumber seeds in them. The seeds are not soaked or germinated, they are sown dry. Then the arcs are installed on top and covered with covering material. And then it remains only to wait for the active development of plants and a rich harvest.
Layer cake for the garden
So at my dacha, I also decided to build a similar bed. But since I have nowhere to take straw manure, I decided to use what I have. In the fall, on the site, I cleared a site measuring 1x3 meters, deepened it by 10 cm and laid dry raspberry branches on the bottom. She poured 10-15 cm of garden soil on top, then a layer of waste went after processing grapes into wine (pulp), then she laid another layer of dry grass. Completed this bed is a layer of a mixture of garden soil and humus. I installed it over the ridge of the arc and left it all until spring. I got a bed about 40 cm high. I call it a "pillow" for cucumbers.
In early spring, I cover the bed with plastic wrap and, as soon as the ground warms up, I sow cucumber seeds in the prepared holes. On each square meter of such a bed, I grow no more than three plants. For planting, I choose seeds of only Dutch selection, for example, the Masha F1 hybrid never let me down. I usually do not soak or germinate seeds. There are two reasons for this: firstly, Dutch-bred seeds are, as a rule, processed with trace elements, so they do not need to be soaked in order not to wash off the nutrients, and, secondly, germinated seeds are very injured when planting, plant survival is reduced.
As soon as the cucumber lash grows to 50 cm, I pinch the top. I water the holes with cucumbers usually in the late afternoon and only with warm water. I feed the cucumbers with infusion of green herbs (nettle, dandelion, burdock). I noticed that when feeding mineral fertilizers plants really develop faster, but they also often get sick with powdery mildew and other diseases. And I insist the grass for 5-7 days, dilute with water in a 1: 1 ratio and water it once every 10 days.
The advantage of such a bed is that it warms up better, excess moisture does not accumulate in it, and weeds hardly grow. In addition, it is easier to care for plants on it. And picking cucumbers is a pleasure! I noticed that earthworms reproduce quickly in such a bed, and, therefore, plants better absorb nutrients processed by worms. In addition, the activity of microorganisms in the plant waste is very high, therefore, possible causative agents of diseases are destroyed by natural "antibiotics". Plants are less sick and bear fruit until the frost.
"Filling" for such a bed can be built from what is on your garden plot. The main thing is that it is sufficiently air and moisture permeable, fertile enough for the development of beneficial microorganisms, as well as for earthworms. You can build such a bed in early spring, using semi-decomposed compost for one of the layers.
Tatiana Lybina, gardener, Zhezkazgan, Republic of Kazakhstan
Photo by the author
Choosing a landing site: basic requirements
When preparing for planting cucumbers in open ground, you should take a responsible approach to the choice of location and planning of the plant environment.
Knowledge of crop rotation will help to determine the location of the beds. Do not set aside the same area for cucumbers where they grew last season. Compliance with the four-year plant rotation will provide the soil with the necessary trace elements and prevent planting disease. The useful precursors of cucumbers in the ground include cauliflower and white cabbage, legumes, potatoes, and tomatoes.
Please note: a warm bed is the only option for planting cucumbers in the same area for several years in a row. The organic "pillow" provides warmth, nourishes the roots with essential nutrients and provides breathing due to the loose substrate.
To optimally use the ratio of light and shade for the growth of green beauties, the orientation of the plantings from north to south will help.
Cucumbers prefer areas that are closed from the wind, so those crops that quickly gain green mass and can become a "screen" for them will become ideal neighbors in the open field.
Features of growing long cucumbers
Agricultural technology for such cucumber specimens is practically no different from the traditional cultivation of the rest of the pumpkin. Is that giant vines require powerful ridges with good nutrition - high, the basis of which is a "pillow" of humus or manure. Next, you should ensure regular watering and nutritious feeding.
For greenhouse and soil varieties and hybrids, there are some specific subtleties.
Long cucumbers for open field
It is more difficult to create the necessary comfortable conditions in the open field, since it is desirable to grow trellis or stakes (on high stakes), as, for example, in China. Few do this kind of cultivation.
Long cucumbers for the greenhouse
The predominant majority of cucumbers with long fruits are for greenhouses, where stationary devices for cucumber vines are arranged. In addition, it is much easier and more convenient to create the necessary conditions here:
- constant temperature and humidity,
- airing without drafts, for which only the upper vents are opened,
- the volume of organic matter laid in the beds is quite enough for the entire season,
- thickening is easier to control.
Representatives of greenhouse cucumbers, almost all or the overwhelming majority of them, belong to the groups of parthenocarpic (setting fruits without pollination and non-forming seeds) and self-pollinating (fruit formation occurs due to self-pollination). All soil varieties need the help of pollinating insects.
The best varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses
Cucumber is by far one of the most widely grown greenhouse vegetables. Despite the abundance of cucumber seeds available in retail outlets, not every variety is suitable for growing in a greenhouse.
As a rule, parthenocarpic hybrids are grown indoors. Pollinating insects rarely enter the greenhouse, and parthenocarpics perfectly form fruits without pollination. All flowers on parthenocarpics are female. Each of them will bear fruit. And what a lot!
Delicious, aromatic and without a drop of bitterness! Parthenocarpic cucumbers are even, all one to one. Zelentsy are evenly colored, resistant to temperature extremes and major cucumber diseases.
And another big plus of parthenocarpics is their growth rate. And even if there is no way to pick cucumbers every day, then you don't have to worry - the greens will never turn yellow and turn into pot-bellied zucchini. Parthenocarpics are consumed fresh, lightly salted, salted and canned.
Invariably crispy, they are considered a real decoration of the Russian table.
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Superphosphate for cucumbers: benefits, rules and frequency of use
08/20/2019 Tatyana Dvoytseva Cultivation of cucumbers
For the normal development of cucumbers throughout the growing season, various fertilizing compositions are introduced, including those containing phosphorus. Before using superphosphate, you should make sure that the chemical element is deficient. Features of application, timing, and dosage depend not only on the phase of development of the vegetable culture, but also on the type of fertilizer in which the concentration of the active substance differs.
- Signs of a lack of phosphorus in cucumbers
- The benefits of applying phosphorus fertilizers
- Description, types and composition of superphosphate
- Instructions for the use of top dressing
- Preparation of the solution
- Terms and methods of depositing
- Features of the introduction
- In the greenhouse
- In the open field