When Vadim, a long-term partner in hiking on rivers and lakes, invited me to go fishing to catch sabrefish, I thought ... Many years ago I happened to catch this fish, and that fishing was remembered by the fact that then pecking only a trifle. Since then, I have associated sabrefish purely with bleak (they are very similar). But it has long been known: what more or less self-respecting fisherman will wallow with bleak! Wasted fish. And not a fish, but a fish. Apparently, guessing about my doubts, Vadim excitedly began to tell how he was in those places two years ago, as he put it: "dragged the saber one after the other." True, he did not say how large that fish was. After some hesitation, I agreed.
Since there were still a few days left before leaving for sabrefish, I decided to find out more thoroughly what kind of fish this is sabrefish... First of all, I turned to L.P. Sabaneev. And this is how he characterizes this fish, starting with the name:
“Chekhon bears some resemblance to a saber or, rather, a mowing hay, and partly resembles a herring. The root name of this fish, according to some, comes from the word "scales", which easily falls off and therefore attracts attention, but it is more accurate to assume that scales and sabrefish are also given to her in the shape of the body and comes from hew, amuse , where the hard-to-pronounce t was replaced by the letter h.
By the shape of its elongated and strongly flattened body, sabrefish is easily distinguished from other cyprinids; its back is almost completely straight, the belly is very convex, sharp, and the whole fish is very similar to a reed or a short saber. The lateral line of the sabrefish lies very close to the belly and, moreover, does not go straight, but in zigzags. The back is grayish-brown, the sides and belly are silvery-white, the dorsal and caudal fins are gray, the lower ones have a reddish tint; eyes are silvery ".
But what information I got from other sources ... Chekhon is a schooling fish of the carp family, grows up to 60 centimeters in length and reaches a weight of 2 kilograms. Usually, fishermen usually come across specimens of 150-200 grams. Chekhon is a pelagic fish, which means that it prefers to stay in the water column. And the mouth directed upwards indicates that the fish feeds mainly near the surface of the water.
Since sabrefish is quite widespread in the reservoirs of Russia (and not only), therefore it has many names: saber, scales, sidewall, cleaver, mower, whistle, oseleet, scythe, goat and even ... herring. In addition to these, there are a dozen more local nicknames.
Chehon spawns in late spring - early summer (in the conditions of the North-West - this is the end of May - early June) mainly on a fast course. Its caviar is not sticky, it swells strongly and develops in the water column. The current carries it often far from the spawning site.
Small individuals spawn earlier, large ones later. Juveniles of sabrefish flock and feed on zooplankton, insects and their larvae. Adult fish (3-4 years old) become predators and eat eggs, fry and small fish.
Despite the fact that P. Ivnev's book "With a hook, a jig and a spoon" states: "There is no saber-fish in any lakes," nevertheless it should be noted that this fish is found in the reservoirs of our region. It is most often found in Volkhov and in the basin of Lake Peipsi. There is sabrefish in Lake Ladoga, Vuoksa, sometimes caught in fresh waters throughout the Gulf of Finland.
The most successful catch of sabrefish is during half-water and fly fishing. Often this fish also takes on the donk. Quite often, sabrefish falls on the hook "along the way" with other fish: perch, roach, asp.
A float rod for catching sabrefish should be light, resilient, 4-6 meters long, line 0.2-0.25 millimeters. The hook size depends on the attachment. The most commonly used hooks are # 3-5. The float should be light, preferably a plastic one. It should be remembered that too large, brightly colored float, coarse thick fishing line, noisy movements of the fisherman, can alert even this very not shy fish.
Often, anglers fish sabrefish without a sinker, since it has been noticed that this fish gives a clear preference to sinking bait.
The most effective baits for catching sabrefish with a float rod are small fish and maggot. Maggots are easily accessible and can withstand multiple casts. In addition, other well-known nozzles are also suitable: caddis flies, bloodworms, various worms, grasshoppers, dragonflies, burdock moth. The nozzle should be put on the hook as tightly as possible, otherwise the saber will pull it off and, as a result, there will be a lot of empty bites.
You can successfully fish for sabrefish and spinning. To do this, 2-3 short (8-10 centimeters) leashes are tied to the main line with a diameter of no more than 0.3 millimeters. The leashes are placed at a distance of 15-20 centimeters from each other. They are equipped with hooks No. 5-6 and are masked with bright, multi-colored threads or hairs. A weighty sinker is placed at the end of the main line (see Fig. 1).
You can place natural or artificial flies, small grasshoppers and dragonflies, and, of course, maggots on the hook of a fishing rod for catching sabrefish.
The bite of the sabrefish is grasping: she takes it decisively and correctly. And most often it is caught on the hook itself. But it should not be dragged out of the water sharply: she has delicate lips that can easily be torn off with a crochet. Quite often, sabrefish gains freedom, already in the hands of a fisherman. It will jerk, wriggle out with a slippery body and fall into the water, and it was like that.
However, no matter what tackle and nozzle the angler would try to catch sabrefish, the main thing is to find it. The problem is that this fish, figuratively speaking, leads a "wandering" lifestyle - constantly moving around the reservoir. It often happens that a fisherman stumbles upon a school - he catches two or three sabrefish - and that's it. In a word, there has just been a saber, and there is none: look for fistulas!
Sometimes a successful fisherman manages to keep a flock of sabrefish for some time with the help of bait. However, I must warn you: this is a very troublesome business, to choose what the fish needs at a given, specific moment. Here, how lucky is anyone ...
But, if you still get lucky, and sabrefish will be a trophy, then you will get real pleasure: the meat of this fish, although it is rather bony, has a pleasant aroma, fatty and tasty. The dried sabrefish is especially good. Here it is not inferior in quality to either bream or roach.
Indoor gardening from the point of view of psychology
Well, it would seem that surprising that a person has a hobby and that a hobby is to take care of plants. And the inner esthete rejoices, and the "genetic farmer" splashes his hands. But what about the all-powerful lazy man? Why doesn't he get the upper hand with arguments that this is a waste of time - a couple of cucumbers are not worth it, and there is no use at all from ornamental plants. Yes, because internal, mental, psychological motives are much stronger than physical laziness.
In the beds on the windowsill and on the balcony, the indoor gardener finds an outlet. He may be attracted by the process - fascinating, meditative, unhurried. Or maybe he does everything automatically, because he is mainly focused on the result. And this result also gives a person a psychotherapeutic effect. Scientists argue that professions where the result of labor is not visible or is expected in the distant future are more prone to depression than those who can quickly demonstrate the fruits of their activities. For example, a seamstress has a dress, a musician has a song, a journalist has a reportage, but the result of the work of an accountant, cashier, driver, manager is not obvious (salary does not count). Therefore, it is extremely important for people of such professions to have an occupation that will correct the state of affairs, will more often give tangible results and please the soul.
Psychologists also refer to motivations to set up a garden in an apartment:
- Expanding the circle of interests, circle of acquaintances. Home garden, as a key to certain categories of people (vegetarians, esotericists, adherents of an ecological and healthy lifestyle)
- The desire to take care of a living being, but at the same time not take on great responsibility
- To be in business, to be needed by someone. However, such behavior often signals pathological loneliness, dissatisfaction with oneself and one's life, unwillingness to work on problems, shortcomings and complexes.
- Draw attention to an unusual hobby, surprise others with your achievements (regularly demonstrate on social networks, for example).
Of course, these points are not a "diagnosis" for everyone who has decided to grow strawberries on the windowsill. And even if any negative traits are inherent in the gardener, this is not a reason to throw out the pots along with the plants. This is just a reason to be more attentive to yourself, to be honest with yourself and to sort out your emotional experiences. Let the mini-vegetable garden be not only diagnostics, but also psychotherapy and prevention. No kidding! After all, it has been proven that caring for plants prevents not only depression, but also the loss of cognitive functions, reduces the risk of developing dementia and diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Take care of yourself, take care of the plants, and blossom with them.
Chasing a blue dream
Of all the decorative bulbous plants, tulips have the widest selection variety, exquisite shape and rich palette of colors - from delicate matte shades to catchy colorful tones.
The ultimate dream of many collectors is blue tulips.
For how many centuries the Dutch have fought over the task of bringing out a flower of this color, but all in vain. And here's why: in the chromosomes of these bulbous ones there is no gene for the blue pigment of delphinidin, which is precisely responsible for the blue pigmentation of the petals. The biggest thing they have been able to achieve is that the purple color in certain lighting looks like blue or cyan. The pursuit of blue and blue tulips has led to the creation of varieties in the color of which these shades prevail.
Flowers with petals of this shade are considered one of the most beautiful and unusual.
Under the name "blue" tulips are grown lilac-purple varieties with a bluish tint, such as Blue Spectacle (double), Blue Beauty (Triumph group), Blue Diamond (double), Purple Dream (lily), Blue Hero (fringed) and Blue Parrot (parrots).
There are not so many tulips of this color, but they are especially attractive: "Mautime", "Abbey Dream", "China pink" fringed varieties: "Fringit Elegance", "Elegy" parrot tulips: "Blue Parrot", "Discovery". You can also name varieties with a blue color: "Liska", "Mautime Varigater Foliage", "Regulus", "Humor", "Lilak Kristyal", "Fringend Lilak", "Blue Heron", "Canova".
Late varieties of carrots
Of the late varieties, we will cite those that have the best reviews. Carrot variety Vita Long, Karlena, Red giant, of course, known to many summer residents Queen of autumn.
Vita Longa variety
Root crops have a uniform bright color and contain a very large amount of carotene and other vitamins, and carotene tends to increase during storage, as in many other winter varieties.
Root crops are not very large, conical in shape.
Vita Long carrots are planted at the end of April.
High-yielding late-ripening variety. Its yield is about 6-7 kilograms per square meter, and the growing season is about 120 days. The color of the fruit is deep red, the shape of the roots is conical. Karlena contains a lot of carotene and sugar, so it has a bright and rich taste, and is also very useful.
This variety of carrots has a high keeping quality and is suitable for long-term fresh storage. The storage room must be dry. Planting carrots in April, harvesting around mid-September.
Variety Red giant, no core
It has long, bright red fruits with an excellent rich taste. Contains a large amount of nutrients, carotene and sugar. Red carrots are very juicy.
Stored for a long time, planted in summer, collecting giving birth in autumn, September or even October. The growing season is relatively short, about 100-110 days.
Variety Queen of Autumn
Medium late variety with high yields and good taste, with smooth cylindrical roots, with orange-red aromatic, very sweet pulp. The yield is 8-10 kg per meter, has a high keeping quality, can be stored for a very long time.
Watch the video! Overview of carrot varieties
Key Signs and Treatments for Depression and Stress
According to statistics, in the modern world, depression has become a constant companion of every fifth person.
There are many reasons for this: the constant pursuit of a career and earnings, lack of parental attention in children, lack of time for communication. And although in our society it is not customary to take such diseases seriously, it is worth knowing the causes of depression, the signs and methods of treating the disease, which can lead to disappointing consequences.
The parent is unhappy
As it turned out, Dima's dad was the initiator of the appeal to the minister.
In an interview with KP - Novosibirsk, the parent said: “I suggested the idea to my son, he supported it. Here, after all, we are talking not only about Dima, but also about other children who are left without well-deserved categories because of their age, and there are many of them! "
Grandmaster Andrei Belozerov told reporters: “The fact that Dima won 4 out of 7 games is not the limit for him. And I am very proud of him! And, to be honest, I did not expect that Dima would not be given a discharge. Apparently, when these laws were being written, they did not assume that such small children would play chess. But now in every kindergarten there are such classes, and children very quickly master the game. "
They say that the Ministry of Sports may in the near future revise the existing norms towards lowering the age limit. But in this story, something else confuses - why did they raise a fuss at all?
Exciting Chrysler chase in Brest caught on video
The traffic police chase for the Chrysler in Brest was captured on video. The police published the video on December 29. On what day the events developed, the police did not specify.
Line 102 received a call from a citizen who said that a Chrysler car was moving on Ryabinovaya Street in Brest. According to the caller, the driver is intoxicated.
Traffic police officers, noticing the alleged car, turned on the flashing beacons and through the loudspeaker demanded the driver to stop immediately. He ignored this demand and tried to hide. The pursuit began.
At the intersection, while overtaking, the offender collided with a ride, but continued to move. But at some point the driver lost control and drove into an earthen rampart. The chase is over.
The Chrysler was driven by a 27-year-old driver with visual signs of alcoholic intoxication. The resident of Brest could not explain to the inspectors how he got behind the wheel of a vehicle in such a state.
The examination showed the presence of alcohol in the air he exhaled at a concentration of 3.58 ppm. Seven administrative protocols were drawn up against the resident of Brest.