Detailed description and characteristics of the Kama strawberry variety
Kama strawberries are very popular among gardeners and summer residents, as well as in high demand in the market. Her excellent taste, ease of maintenance, drought resistance, provided this variety with a confident leadership position in the sales market. A description of this variety is given below.
Characteristics of the strawberry variety Kama
Such a fragrant beauty comes from Poland. Its "parents" are the Cavalier and Zenga Zengana varieties, popular in horticultural circles. It is from them Kama has inherited excellent yield and good taste.
Bushes of this variety are quite compact in size. The leaves are dark green, all down, the fruits are dark red. Berries have their own peculiarity that distinguishes them from other varieties.: it ripens in two stages. At first, the berry becomes a dark red hue, at this stage it can already be eaten, but the taste of the fruit will have a pronounced sourness. If you and your loved ones prefer the pronounced sweetness of such a delicacy, then you should wait until the color of the fruit turns into maroon. At this stage, the strawberry acquires a special sweetness and a pronounced strawberry aroma.
If long-term transportation or long-term storage of berries is supposed, then they must be picked at the first stage of ripening. In the process of maturation, the berry "reaches" a certain sweetness and aroma.
The plucked maroon strawberries must be consumed immediately, otherwise they will quickly deteriorate.
In terms of ripening, Kama belongs to an early variety. Medium berries: 20-40 gr, but in the initial period, yields can reach 70 grams. The fruits "hide" under the leaves, which additionally protects them from birds, which are also not averse to eating a fragrant fruit.
This variety blooms early, but the flowering period is long, as is the fruiting period, which reaches up to 5 weeks. With proper care, up to 1 kg of berries are harvested from one bush per season.
This variety is adapted for growing in greenhouses. In this case, the first crop is harvested in mid-spring.
Outdoors, without the use of greenhouses, the first harvest will delight in early June.
Advantages and disadvantages
The Kama variety has a number of advantages.:
- Early ripening time.
- Small number of mustaches.
- Long terms fruiting.
- Excellent drought tolerance.
- Increased yield.
- Large fruits with excellent taste characteristics.
- A great marketable condition, long shelf life and good transportability.
- Expressed strawberry flavor.
Despite all the advantages, Kama also has its drawbacks.:
- Low fruit position... The berries are hidden under the leaves and are located close to the ground.
- A large number of leaves on the bushes, which complicates the harvesting process.
- Takes up quite a lot of space, since the bushes are spreading and the distance between them must be at least 50, or even 80 cm.
- Such a variety susceptible to fungal diseases.
If you and your loved ones want to enjoy a tasty and fragrant berry in the middle of spring, you need to plant Kama in a greenhouse. This variety is very capricious., but still it is worth adhering to some recommendations before planting seedlings.
Experts do not recommend planting Kama in salty soil, this will have a bad effect on the condition of the plant. Despite the drought tolerance, it is still better to plant such strawberries in open, sunny areas. In shaded areas, the strawberry yield will be significantly lower.
Planting strawberries does not require any special wisdom, you just have to adhere to generally accepted rules:
- Before disembarking seedlings need to be disinfected: for 10 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- Wells dig out about 25X25 cm.
- The seedlings are immersed in the holes, sprinkled with earth a little, and lightly tamped. You can't ram hardso as not to restrict oxygen access to the root system.
- Water the planted seedlings and lay out a layer of mulch.
- You cannot grow strawberries in the same area more than 3 years.
The Kama variety does not require much care. They take care of him according to the standard scheme.
Despite the drought resistance, strawberries need timely watering, which is carried out once a week, in hot weather. If the weather is cloudy and there is regular rainfall, then additional watering is not required. Mostly they use a drip irrigation system.
The need for feeding can be determined independently: if you observe abundant growth of the bush, then the plant does not have enough potassium. This problem can be solved with additional saltpeter, or wood ash.
Diseases and pests
The most common strawberry enemy is the nematode.... The first signs of the manifestation of the disease: leaf deformation. Unfortunately, it is possible to fight such an ailment only by mechanical removal of the affected bush. Otherwise, the disease will quickly spread to healthy plants.
Strawberry mites and weevils also enjoy eating strawberries., moreover, not berries, but mainly strawberry leaves. It is possible to deal with these pests with the help of drugs that are sold in every specialized store.
The most common mistakes in growing Kama strawberries are:
- Lack of preliminary disinfection seedlings.
- Wrong site selection: either strongly acidic soil or highly salted.
- Lack of additional cover for bushes during frosts... Although the variety positions itself as frost-resistant, nevertheless, with night frosts, it is better to additionally cover the area with agrofibre.
- Untimely watering... Although Kama is a drought-resistant variety, like all plants, it needs regular watering on hot, sultry days.
The Kama strawberry variety is very unpretentious in care, but very fruitful... If you follow all of the above recommendations, you, without much effort, will delight yourself and your family with a delicious and aromatic delicacy.
Strawberry Lyubasha - features and rules for growing varieties
It is worth starting a description of the Lyubasha strawberry variety with information about the characteristics of the berries of this type of horticultural culture. Lyubasha's strawberries are distinguished by especially tasty fruits with a significant content of vitamin C and sugars. In addition, strawberries are rich in other trace elements: potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium and vitamin B3.
Strawberry Kama - features of the variety
The main advantage that Polish breeders have endowed with this relatively young variety is the early ripening period and the fruit bearing extended for a month. The first berries will begin to turn red on the bushes in early June, the last ones in early July.
If we take the southern regions (Rostov, Volgograd regions), then the beginning of flowering of Kama strawberries will be at the end of April, respectively, the harvest will be ready in May. A similar effect can be achieved in the Moscow region, if you risk planting Kamu strawberries in a heated greenhouse, or at least under a film.
Other striking features of the Kama variety should be noted:
- significant yield: up to a kilogram per bush and up to 10-12 tons per hectare
- pronounced strawberry aroma, which remains during the preparation of jam and other dishes
- good resistance to fungal diseases.
Kama does not belong to remontant varieties, but it gives little mustache. The mustache is powerful, with developed rosettes, which tolerate transportation well and take root well after planting.
Advice. Take seedlings from young bushes of the first, maximum of the second year of cultivation: it takes root better and subsequently gives a higher yield.
Characteristics of the variety
A more detailed description and photo of the Geneva strawberry variety will help provide the right conditions for the crop and grow the expected result.
Repaired varieties show themselves better in the second year after planting: maximum fruiting and berry size. Already in the third year, the yield decreases markedly. Strawberries Geneva pleases with a decent harvest for 5-6 years.
The main positive aspects of the variety:
- If the current year is accompanied by unfavorable weather conditions, then strawberries, as a rule, bear little fruit. However, the Geneva variety is an exception. Even when there are few sunny days and it often rains, the bushes are strewn with sweet berries. Strength for this plant draws from internal reserves.
- A characteristic feature of the berry culture is a rich, strawberry aroma. Moreover, the smell is so strong that you can smell it tens of meters from the landing site.
Flowering period, ripening period, yield
The strawberry variety Geneva bears fruit in stages. This is how it differs from other remontant varieties. The berry culture blooms in May. The first crop is harvested in early June. After that, the plant rests for about 15-20 days and releases a whisker. Re-flowering begins. At the end of the first month of summer, the bushes are covered with white inflorescences a second time. The berries ripen in early July. At the same time, bushes are formed and a mustache is rooted. When the 7th leaf appeared on young rosettes, the plant blooms. This ensures the collection of berries until frost.
The Geneva strawberry variety has proven itself well in culinary arts. Berries are used to prepare all kinds of desserts, compotes, juices, purees. Strawberries are canned, they are made into preserves, jams. The fruit contains a small amount of liquid, which allows it to preserve better when frozen and keep its shape after thawing.
Disease and pest resistance
Strawberry Geneva is a genetically resistant variety. He is not afraid of fungal and viral diseases. They are not afraid of berries and the invasion of a spider mite. Only sulfur rot can harm them. This disease occurs as a result of failure to follow the basic rules of care.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
When looking at photos of Geneva strawberries, there is a desire to purchase this variety. However, there is no need to rush, it is necessary to determine the positive and negative qualities of the berry culture.
- long-term fruiting
- large fruit size
- marketable condition
- resistance to diseases and pests
- uncomplicated breeding process.
- low degree of frost resistance
- exactingness in terms of care
- rapid aging of the bushes.
Geneve strawberries are bred with whiskers or seeds. The latter method involves the processing of planting material, since without this the seeds do not germinate well. Strawberry seeds are wrapped in cotton cloth and sent to the refrigerator for a period of 30-40 days.
At this time, a special substrate is prepared for planting seedlings. Composition: humus, river sand in proportions of 5: 3, respectively. This soil mixture is heated in an oven with a temperature of 100 ° C for 3 hours. After cooling, the seeds are sown.
The boxes with the substrate are covered with foil and sent to the cold for 5 days. Then they are transferred to a room with a temperature of + 22 ° C. When the first shoots appeared, the shelter was removed. Irrigate the substrate from a spray bottle with warm water. Small seedlings of Geneva strawberries need additional lighting. Plants begin to dive in the presence of 1-2 leaves. The temperature for growing strawberries is reduced to + 16 ° C. When 5-6 leaves have formed on the seedlings, it is time to transplant it into open ground.
Propagation of Geneva strawberries with a mustache is much easier. This year, the rosettes begin to actively bear fruit and throw out side shoots. They are not cut off, but evenly distributed over the garden bed. Gardeners help the mustache take root:
- choose strong bushes
- after complete rooting, they are separated from the mother plant
- planted on a pre-dug and fertilized bed.
The Elephant variety is perfect for those who live in a region with a difficult climate: this strawberry perfectly adapts to both cold and heat, and is able to withstand both drought and excess moisture.
Despite its unrepairable nature, the Baby Elephant pleases with abundant harvests - during the season, good owners manage to collect up to 2.5 kg of beautiful and tasty berries from each bush.
It is customary to plant strawberries in the middle lane in spring or autumn. But with such a planting, the first harvest is lost - garden strawberries will begin to bear fruit only in a year. In order for the fruit buds to form as early as possible, it is recommended to plant strawberry seedlings in late summer or early fall.
The planting scheme for Borovitskaya is as follows - 25-30 cm between adjacent bushes, about 70-80 cm in the aisles. Experienced gardeners recommend planting in two lines - it's easier to care for strawberries and harvest. If the bushes will hide for the winter (relevant for the North and regions with snowless winters), Borovitskaya strawberries are planted in 3-4 rows in order to subsequently cover the entire site with agrofibre or other material.
For a good start, Borovitskaya needs high-quality feeding, therefore, both humus and a mineral complex should be immediately added to the planting holes, mixing fertilizers with the ground.
Varietal characteristics, characteristics, description
- Productivity up to 20 t / ha, or about 1 kg per bush.
- Ripens in the third decade of May - early June, 10-12 days earlier than Honey and Clery, 5-7 days earlier than Alba. Fruiting is extended for 4-5 weeks.
- Peduncles are powerful, located below the leaves. Gives few whiskers, but powerful.
- The berry is of the correct rounded-rhombic shape with a pronounced collar, large, slightly ribbed, shiny, bright red. When fully ripe, it acquires a darker, almost burgundy hue, which is why it got the name of the popular Black Prince.
- With incomplete ripening, acquiring a false-looking maturity, it has a sour taste - technical ripeness, therefore, did not come. Strawberry variety Kama-72 is distinguished by a pronounced strawberry-strawberry aroma. The weight declared by the originator is from 25 g to 40-50 g, depending on the cultivation technique. The pulp is juicy, quite dense. Seeds are yellow, not deep.
- The bush is well developed, densely leafed, the seedlings are powerful, with a developed root system. The leaves are heavily pubescent on the back, dark green.
- Differs in drought resistance - comparable to Khonya.
Are there any disadvantages?
The characteristics of the originator and nurseries do not always coincide with reality - what kind of reviews did Kama actually receive? On the one hand - the highest score on a five-point scale: taste, yield, shape. But there were also some drawbacks.
- Susceptible to brown and white spot, which is solved by antifungal treatment with systemic drugs. Despite the significant disadvantage, few people refuse the benefits - the problem is solved by modern fungicides easily solve the problem.
- Flowers are especially susceptible to morning frosts; if there is a threat of return frost, it is recommended to cover them with agrofibre, spunbond, film - any thin covering material.
Tips for the gardener to note
For Kama strawberry seedlings, take whiskers for reproduction only from the mother bushes of the first year of life, no further than 3-4 in a row: they will be larger, more viable, and take root better.
- Planting according to the scheme 40-50x60-80cm between bushes, 30 cm is the minimum distance, if possible, thicken should not be done, becauselarge-fruited, sprawling bush, with a powerful root system, requiring a larger area of nutrition.
- Responsive to drip irrigation. In other matters, it is quite drought-resistant in the Middle Strip, in the heat with frequent watering and mulch it feels tolerant - it does not fade.
- After planting strawberry seedlings, treat in autumn with complex chelated fertilizers. Nitrogen, especially manure for the winter should not be - we plant a breeding ground for fungal.
- A change of planting material is necessary in 3-4 years for gardeners, since any, including Kama, variety of garden strawberries loses varietal qualities. For farm plantings, a one- or two-year crop cultivation cycle, which is practiced in modern agribusiness, is relevant. And given the cultivation on film - this moment is even more delicate: on films, as well as in tunnels, plants are susceptible to fungal, and even suitable treatment with fungicides is sometimes more expensive than the seedlings themselves.
In fact, the strawberry variety Kama has long been known as grown in Eastern Europe as a commercial variety, its seedlings are available in our country, from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus to Kazakhstan. The main thing is to buy in proven nurseries and stores, to take care - heartily and not carelessly - dark red strawberries will thank you. Good harvests!