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Medinilla: how to provide her with decent care at home

Medinilla: how to provide her with decent care at home


Among flowering houseplants, medinilla is a clear favorite. Having seen the luxurious long blooming of a tropical beauty, it is impossible to pass by and not purchase such a spectacular specimen for your collection. But in order for the sissy to show her true beauty, she will have to surround her with attention and love. You need to know about the intricacies of caring for her at home even before buying.

Description of the flower and photo

The homeland of medinilla is the humid evergreen tropical forests of the Philippines, which, with a bizarre variety of plant forms and a riot of colors, resemble fabulous gardens.

Homeland of medinilla - humid evergreen tropics

The genus includes more than 300 species of shrubs and lianas. Plants can grow up to 2 m in height. Their stems are covered with thickened leaves up to 30 cm in length, glossy, oval, grayish-green, with clearly visible light veins. But medinilla is still valued for its exotic flowering.

The plant is prized for its exotic flowering

She received the magnificent species name due to the delicate bright pink drooping inflorescences in combination with large bracts.

Medinilla gorgeous got its name from delicate bright pink inflorescences

This fragile beauty is not easy to grow at home. For her, not only the temperature regime and lighting are important, but also the location, compliance with all the rules of maintenance. However, knowing and taking into account all the subtleties of cultivation, you can achieve lush flowering.

Views

As an indoor culture, only Medinilla is grown magnificent. Under natural conditions, the shrub grows up to 3 m in height, in an apartment - no more than 1 m. The leaves are leathery, oval, up to 30 cm long. On the upper side, they are dark green with venation, and slightly lighter on the bottom. Flowering begins in April and ends in July. The flowers are pink, cupped, with 5 petals, collected in long cluster inflorescences (about 0.5 m).

Medinilla is magnificent - a plant from the genus Medinilla of the Melastomaceae family

A characteristic feature of this species is large greenish-pink bracts. In the fall, blue-violet fruits ripen, similar to grape bunches.

In addition to gorgeous medinilla, growers also grow its hybrids.

  • Zhadore Dolce Vita is a plant with deep pink flowers. Numerous narrow bracts are evenly distributed over the flower race.
  • Medinilla venous is a shrub with thin shoots. Decorative dark green oval leaves with a pointed edge, 9–20 cm long. Leaf blade with embossed venation. Under the foliage are inflorescences with white tubular flowers.
  • Medinilla sedum is a dwarf species with creeping shoots no more than 15 cm long. Leaves are dark green, leathery, with a faintly visible central vein. A rounded leaf blade with a diameter of slightly more than 0.5 cm. The flowers are bright pink, with white long filaments, bloom along the entire length of the shoot. Their diameter reaches 1.5 cm.
  • Medinilla Javaniks are less capricious in nature. Short bushes with dark green ovoid leaves grow well in rooms with normal humidity. The drooping racemes are bright purple; bracts are absent.
  • Medinilla Cuminga is a low, spreading shrub with shiny oval leaves up to 30 cm long. The surface of the sheet is slightly concave. Pink flowers are collected in racemose inflorescences.

Varieties in the photo

Conditions of detention

For room medinilla, it is necessary to create conditions close to the natural habitat.

Comfortable growing conditions - table

For room medinilla, it is necessary to create comfortable conditions

The plant feels comfortable in a greenhouse and an open-type florarium. Especially dwarf species - medinilla sedumous with creeping shoots and bright pink flowers grows well in the terrarium, where a comfortable and mild microclimate with high humidity is created.

On a note. A florarium is a composition of fresh flowers grown in a glass terrarium - a jar, a glass, an aquarium. A garden in a bottle made up of plants and decorative elements (driftwood, pebbles) will decorate any interior.

Medinilla needs space, she does not like close proximity with other flowers.

Planting and transplanting a houseplant

Medinilla develops well and blooms in a slightly acidic substrate. The soil should be light, breathable and nutritious, consisting of peat, humus and sand. They also use ready-made soil mixtures for rhododendrons, azaleas.

Since the flowers of the tropical beauty gracefully droop, high pots are selected for her. To avoid stagnant water, expanded clay, crushed polystyrene with a layer of 3 cm, is placed on the bottom of the container.

Only tall pots are suitable for a tropical beauty

Young plants are reloaded annually, adults - once every 2-3 years. They are transplanted after flowering and pruning are completed, taking care not to damage the rhizome. The transplant is carried out only when there is a need for it. Medinilla has a very sensitive root system, which should not be disturbed once again. You can simply replace the topsoil (5–7 cm) regularly with fresh soil without changing the pot.

When buying in a store, pay attention to the stem - it should be green and without spots, the foliage should not show signs of yellowing. A healthy plant must be transplanted into a new soil, giving it several hours to adapt to new conditions. The leaves are pre-washed with warm water, rinsing off the preparations with which the plants are treated before selling. The earthen lump should dry thoroughly.

When transplanting, pay attention to the root system

  1. The pot is selected 5 cm larger than the previous one.
  2. Drainage is laid at the bottom with a layer of 3 cm. Expanded clay, gravel, pieces of bark can be used as drainage material.
  3. Carefully remove the delicate plant from the container.
  4. Examine the roots - they should be light, without damage.
  5. The top layer of soil is removed from the coma.
  6. Placed in a pot and cover with new substrate.
  7. Water and spray.

If there are a lot of flowers, they put props so that the shoots do not break off, and powerful stems are carefully tied to them. Medinilla can be grown in ampelous form in hanging baskets, vessels on pedestals, stands and picturesque stools.

Medinilla can be grown as an ampel in pots on pedestals

Home care

The flower is quite capricious, demanding on the conditions of detention, does not tolerate being rearranged from place to place, even turning the pot.

Watering

Medinilla needs to create a comfortable, humid environment. Therefore, you should spray the plant more often, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. At the same time, make sure that no water gets on the substrate or buds.

Medinill should be sprayed with water more often, have a shower

In the spring and summer, watered once a week. During the dormant period, watering is reduced, allowing the soil to dry out to a depth of 3 cm. This mode of light moistening is observed until the buds appear. Then the volume and frequency of watering are sharply increased, but without leading to waterlogging. A significant saturation of the substrate with moisture and a simultaneous increase in the temperature regime will give the plant an impetus to more lush flowering.

Medinilla is watered only with soft water. The presence of a large amount of salt in the water can lead to diseases.

Top dressing

Fertilizers are very important for the plant - they ensure its growth and abundant flowering, as well as resistance to diseases. From March to August, they are regularly fed every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer for rhododendrons or flowering plants. No feeding is carried out from August to February.

For top dressing, complex fertilizers for indoor flowers are used.

To maintain immunity, it is useful to carry out a cycle of spraying the bush with Epin's solution.

Bloom

At the end of winter, the plant wakes up - new leaves grow, and in April, flower stalks. The period of emergence of buds and disclosure of flowers is long, about one and a half months. The flowering itself lasts the same time. The flowers have no smell.

Medinilla Cuming has flowers collected in racemose inflorescences

The peduncle arrow with wilted flowers should be cut off - this stimulates the appearance of new inflorescences. After flowering, the stems on which there were flowers are shortened by half.

The flowers of medinilla gorgeous hang beautifully on long peduncles from the green mass of the bush

If medinilla does not bloom, it means that in winter it was looked after incorrectly.

Dormant period

There is a dormant period from November to February. At this time, flower buds are laid. Therefore, the conditions of winter keeping are so important. The plant is transferred to a cooler place (+ 15–17 ° C) with bright lighting, watering is reduced, but the soil is not oversubscribed. If medinilla does not receive enough light in the winter months, then it may not bloom in the future. Therefore, in a dark place, it is necessary to additionally use lighting devices, for example, fluorescent lamps.

Plant formation

Form medinilla after flowering: remove all peduncles, cut off the crown, giving the bushes a neat look.

Formative pruning is carried out after flowering.

What happens when a flower is improperly looked after

Even the smallest changes in the environment or care are immediately reflected in the condition and appearance of the tropical capriciousness.

A less capricious plant is the peacock flower or episode. You can find out about the conditions of its cultivation from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/pavlinij-cvetok-ili-episciya-kak-obespechit-ej-v-domashnix-usloviyax-dostojnyj-uxod.html

Care errors and what to do to eliminate them - table

Bright rays of the sun cause leaf burn

Diseases and pests

Medinilla is distinguished by strong immunity, but if the substrate is excessively moistened, it can suffer from rot, and in drought it can be affected by worms. The flower can become infected from other indoor plants or react painfully to irrigation or lighting irregularities.

Examples of pests in the photo

If there is not enough light, then the plant may not start the flowering period or throw off existing flowers. Therefore, during the absence of the sun, special lighting devices should be used, for example, fluorescent lamps.

Reproduction

Propagated medinilla seeds and cuttings.

Cuttings are carried out in the spring.

  1. Cut the cuttings 8 cm long.
  2. The cutting edge is treated with Kornevin and rooted in moistened sand. Cover with foil or a transparent glass to create a humid microclimate. In the greenhouse, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of +25 ° C.
  3. They regularly spray the soil, ventilate the greenhouse and remove condensation.
  4. Rooting takes place within a month.
  5. When processes appear, the film is removed.
  6. For the formation of side shoots, one pinch is carried out. Further branching occurs without such a procedure.
  7. Young plants are watered, fertilized and protected from the bright sun.
  8. The next spring, they are transshipped into a pot with a new substrate.

The next medinilla, grown from cuttings, is transferred into a goshok

When propagating by cuttings, you can use folk remedies to stimulate root formation. The stalk is kept in a solution with 3-5 drops of aloe juice, which not only accelerates the germination of roots, but also strengthens the immune system; or a teaspoon of honey.

Seed propagation is carried out in February-March.

  1. Seeds are sown into a substrate of sand and leafy soil (1: 1) to a depth of 0.5 cm and placed in a mini-greenhouse.
  2. The soil is regularly sprayed, ventilated and the resulting condensation is removed.
  3. Seedlings will appear after 3-4 weeks.
  4. Young seedlings with 2 true leaves dive into pots.
  5. At the beginning of summer, they are transplanted into larger containers with drainage and a nutrient substrate.

Seed reproduction is carried out in February-March.

Medinilla: on video at a glance

Testimonials

Medinilla as an indoor culture is quite demanding on growing conditions, but if you are not afraid of difficulties and, taking into account all the nuances of the content, you still decide to grow an exotic flower in the house, you can see the fantastic beauty of unusual pink inflorescences resembling grapes against the background of decorative shiny leaves and seem to plunge into the bright world of the tropics.

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Medinilla: how to care for a finicky beauty

The genus Medinilla has about 200 plants. The following are especially popular among florists:

Medinilla is beautiful or magnificent - it grows up to 1.5 m in height, has four-winged thickened stems, large, leathery, oblong-ovoid leaves, painted in dark green color and long racemose inflorescences, consisting of whitish-pink bracts and many pink-red small flowers.

  • Medinilla veinous - the owner of thin shoots covered with thick pile, as well as elongated, oblong leaves 15 cm long and about 6 cm wide with pronounced venation. The flowers of this culture, which is a semi-epiphyte, are collected in umbrella inflorescences of a discreet flesh-colored shade.
  • Medinilla Cuminga is an epiphyte with slightly concave obovate, sessile leaves, which show 7 veins with large pink flowers, devoid of bracts and collected in erect racemes.



Brief description of cultivation

  1. Bloom... During summer or last winter weeks.
  2. Illumination... A bright light is needed, which must be necessarily diffused.
  3. Temperature regime... In summer it is from 22 to 26 degrees, and in winter - from 15 to 18 degrees.
  4. Watering... In the warm season, the flower is watered abundantly immediately after the top layer of the soil mixture dries out. If the weather is warm outside, then lukewarm water is used for irrigation (slightly warmer than room temperature), while pouring it into the funnel formed by the foliage. When the bush fades and during the dormant period, during watering, you only need to moisten the soil mixture in the pot after it dries out to a slightly greater depth than in the summer.
  5. Air humidity... It should be slightly above average. The bush is regularly moistened with a spray bottle, and wet expanded clay should be poured into the pallet.
  6. Fertilizer... In the spring-summer period, feeding is carried out 1 time in 15–20 days, in the autumn time - 1 time in 30 days, and in winter - 1 time in 1.5 months. To do this, use a solution of complex mineral fertilizer for bromeliads.
  7. Dormant period... It is not pronounced.
  8. Transfer... The procedure is carried out every year in spring, when the bush has faded, while all faded sockets are cut off from it.
  9. Soil mixture... It should include sand, deciduous soil and peat (1: 2: 1).
  10. Reproduction... By offspring and by seed.
  11. Harmful insects... Aphids, scale insects and root worms.
  12. Diseases... Decay of the leaf rosette, lack of flowering, as well as the formation of brown spots on the surface of the leaf plate. All these problems are associated with irregular care or improper conditions of detention.
  13. Properties... Ehmeya striped can cause skin irritation.


How to care for medinilla

This flower is not one of those that a novice florist can handle. Although you can find information on the Internet that it is rather unpretentious, but this is perhaps a tribute to advertising. To successfully keep a beauty in an apartment, you will have to put in a lot of efforts and skills.

Location and lighting.

We have already touched upon the information that medinillas are large plants that look harmonious in spacious offices, large halls or studios.In an ordinary city apartment, it is difficult to find a worthy place for an adult plant. In addition, keep in mind that they do not tolerate a rearrangement, a change of "place of residence".

Bright, but diffused light during long daylight hours is what a flower needs. Our heroine does not tolerate blackout, but she also does not like direct, hard sunlight, as befits real princesses.

Comfort temperature

It will be optimal if you provide a temperature of 20 to 25 ° during the active growing season. As in the case of lighting, deviations in one direction or another are perceived by the plant as painful.

After the medinilla has faded, starting from about mid-September, the temperature should be gradually reduced, so that in winter it will be at the level of 15-17 °. At this time, a period of relative dormancy begins for the plant, when it rests.

Air humidity

In this component, the flower is very difficult to please! The ideal humidity for him is 80%, which, of course, is almost impossible to achieve in an apartment, unless you have a large glazed greenhouse. In any case, strive to withstand at least 70%. To do this, use all available means: from a humidifier to a wide pan with wet expanded clay. Spray the crown with soft warm water as often as possible.

Watering and feeding

It should be regular, plentiful, but neat. It is desirable that the topsoil has time to dry out a little between waterings. Use soft, warm, well-separated water. Neither soil drying out nor water stagnation in it should be allowed. Both that, and another, will quickly lead to the occurrence of various diseases.

Least of all, the flower needs to be watered during winter holidays, most actively - at the very end of winter and early spring, when flower buds are forming and blooming.

Fertilizers are applied from March to the end of summer. It is advisable to do feeding twice a month using regular kits for flowering plants.

Soil features

The soil for medinilla needs to be prepared light, capable of being saturated with air and easily passing water. You can buy a ready-made soil mixture for epiphytic plants in the store, but if you make the substrate yourself, you should focus on the following composition:

  • light sheet earth - 2 parts
  • turf land - the same
  • high-quality humus - 1 part
  • peat (preferably horse) - 1 part
  • coarse river sand - 1 part.

Planting and transplanting

Caring for medinilla at home involves regular plant transplantation. It is recommended to do this either in the fall, after the end of flowering, before leaving for winter holidays, or in early spring, even before the formation of flower buds. Considering that you are dealing with a very large plant, it is better to transplant every 2-4 years.

Always take the pot larger than the previous one, but not much. Make sure to provide a good drainage layer. The roots of the flower are tolerant of damage, so when transplanting, some of them can be removed along with the old soil.

The transplant should be combined with pruning. Remove dried inflorescences, cut out some of the old shoots. This will stimulate the emergence of new, young twigs.


Types of medinilla

  1. Medinilla venosa (Blume). The native territories of growth are in the lands of Malaysia. The plant takes on a shrub form and grows as a semi-epiphyte (that is, from the very beginning it settles on the branches or trunks of trees, but then, when they reach the ground, it plunges its roots into it). Shoots are thin, round in section, their surface is densely covered with pubescence, which is so dense that it resembles a woolen cover. The leaf plates have elongated elliptical outlines, the apex is pointed. Width parameters are 5–9 cm with a length of about 9–20 cm. 7 veins clearly appear on the leaf surface. The petiole with which the leaf is attached to the shoot is shortened. When flowering, small buds are formed, which are collected in a small-flowered inflorescence in the shape of an umbrella. The color of the petals is beige.
  2. Medinilla magnifica often found under the name Medinilla the beautiful. It grows in tropical forests located on the islands of the Philippines and Java. A plant can "climb" for its life to a height of about half a kilometer above sea level. It has a shrubby form of growth and can be measured in height by 1–1.5 meters. Shoots are thickened and completely covered with "woolen" pubescence, which grows most densely in internodes, four-sided. The leaf plates are large in size, acquiring ovoid-oblong outlines. The length of the leaf can reach up to 35 cm, while the width does not exceed 15 cm. The color of the foliage is dark green, the surface is leathery. At the base, the leaf plate is fused with the stem. When flowering, the buds gather in multi-flowered branched inflorescences, hanging to the ground, in the form of brushes. Their length is measured 30 cm. Petals of flowers of pinkish-red color. There are large bracts, which are cast in the most delicate whitish-pinkish tone. The variety is highly valued by flower growers for its high decorative qualities. And not only flowers are considered the dignity of medinilla, but the leaves are also an ornament. She is also loved for her ability to easily adapt both in pot life and in greenhouse conditions.
  3. Medinilla cumingii Naudin. Native lands fall on the territory of the Philippine Islands, where this plant prefers to settle in tropical rainforests as an epiphyte on the branches and trunks of trees. It takes on a shrub shape. The leaves have oblong elliptical shapes, large in size. In length, they reach 30 cm with a width not exceeding 20 cm. 7 veins are clearly visible on the surface of the leaf plate. The petiole is absent, the leaf seems to "sit" on the branch. When blooming, large flowers are collected in racemose erect inflorescences. The width of the flower in opening is 5 cm, they have no bracts, the color of the petals is pink. The flowering process takes place from the beginning to the end of spring.
  4. Medinilla himalayana grows in dense forests or valleys, "climbing" to a height of 1900-2100 meters, in Bhutan in India and in Yunnan province in China. It is a shrub epiphyte with strong branching. Branches are 4-sided, in adult form with a bare surface. The bark on them is wrinkled, corky. The leaf blade is lanceolate-ovate to elliptically ovoid. It can have parameters of 6-16x2.2-7 cm. The surface is hard-paper, bare on both sides. The process of flowering and fruiting occurs in the month of September. Terminal inflorescences, collected in the form of a complex umbrella. The flowers have 5 lobes, the petals have rhomboid-ovate outlines, the approximate size is 1.4–0.6 cm. There are four pairs of stamens in the corolla, 4 m short and 4 long. Anthers have a linear-lanceolate shape, the surface is tuberous. When fruiting, a berry appears with parameters 7-10x5-9 cm. The seeds are obovate.

You will learn more about medinill from the following video:


Watch the video: August 11, 2018, how is this flowers medinilla commingii.