Information

Physalis Marmalade - an unpretentious relative of plum-flavored tomato

 Physalis Marmalade - an unpretentious relative of plum-flavored tomato


Bright orange physalis lanterns have long become a common garden decoration. But not everyone knows that in addition to ordinary physalis, which does not ripen in most of our country, there is also vegetable physalis, or Mexican, which can bring not only edible, but also delicious berries almost throughout the entire territory of the Russian Federation. They are eaten fresh, pickled, and also used to make jams and even wine. One of the most popular varieties of vegetable physalis is Marmalade.

The history of the physalis variety Marmalade

The authors of the Physalis Marmeladny variety are specialists from the Russian agricultural firm "Sedek". In 2009, Marmeladny successfully passed variety trials and was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements as a plant recommended for cultivation in open ground and film greenhouses throughout the territory of the Russian Federation.

According to the description of the State Commission for the Protection and Testing of Breeding Achievements, Physalis Marmalade is a low-growing shade-tolerant plant with medium-sized yellow flowers. Fruit clusters are formed in each branch, without gaps, starting from the 6-7 node. Physalis fruits of this variety are flat-rounded, weighing 30–40 g. The color of unripe berries is green, which have reached the ripening maturity - cream. The taste is sweet and sour, according to the originator, reminiscent of plum, with a pronounced aroma.

According to the originator, the height of the Marmeladny bushes reaches 1.5 m

Marmalade is a mid-season variety of vegetable physalis. Its fruits begin to ripen 120–130 days after germination. The yield of the variety is 1.4 kg / m2.

Agrofirm "Sedek" under the name Marmalade sells another variety of vegetable physalis. There is no information about her in the State Register. According to the description of the seed producer, this variety is characterized by bushes up to 1.5 m in height with round purple fruits weighing 50-60 g. Its ripening period is average, and the yield varies from 1.7 to 2.1 kg / m2.

Gardeners are usually attracted by the unusual purple color of the fruit of this variety of physalis Marmalade

Gardeners who have bought Physalis Marmalade with purple berries often complain about the over-grading. In some of the bushes grown from low-quality seeds, the fruits when ripe are not painted in the color declared by the manufacturer, but in orange. Sometimes the size does not coincide with the description - instead of large fruits, the gardener receives small berries weighing no more than 20 g.

Features of agricultural technology

Physalis Marmalade is a rather unpretentious plant. But in order to get a bountiful harvest, the gardener still has to pay a little attention to this culture.

Sowing seeds for seedlings and planting in a permanent place

The State Commission for the Protection and Testing of Breeding Achievements recommends growing Physalis Marmalade through seedlings. To obtain it, the seeds are sown at the end of March in containers filled with a loose substrate. The soil is ideal for peppers and tomatoes.

The seeding procedure includes several stages:

  1. First of all, the seeds are disinfected by placing them in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes.

    A weak solution of potassium permanganate effectively destroys harmful bacteria or fungi and is safe for seeds

  2. The dried seeds are laid out on the surface of lightly tamped soil.

    Physalis seeds are very convenient to lay out with a clean sheet of paper

  3. Sprinkle the seeds with a layer of earth or sand and moisturize well.

    The layer of earth covering the physalis seeds should not exceed 1 cm

  4. Containers with seeds are covered with lids to create a greenhouse effect and placed in a warm place.

    The optimum temperature for germination of physalis seeds is 20-25 ° C

After emergence, which usually occurs a week after sowing, the containers are moved to a well-lit place with an air temperature of no higher than +20 ° C, for example, on a windowsill.

With a lack of light, young plants acquire a light color and stretch. This problem can be solved with the help of special phytolamps. Too high temperatures can also weaken plants.

Physalis Marmalade is planted in a permanent place after 50-60 days, after the average daytime temperature rises to 10-15 ° C. In most regions of our country, this is the end of May – beginning of June. To protect against short-term drops in temperature, young plants can be covered with a transparent film or non-woven material.

Planting scheme of physalis Marmalade - 40 by 60 cm

Physalis Marmalade develops much better in well-lit places, and the plant also does not like excessive moisture. This culture is not very demanding on the soil - the main thing is that it is not too acidic (pH below 7). But on fertile land, the yield, of course, increases. Physalis Marmalade should not be planted on plots previously occupied by other representatives of the Solanaceae genus (peppers, tomatoes).

Planting care

Physalis plant care includes:

  • watering;
  • loosening the soil and controlling weeds
  • making dressings;
  • fight against diseases and pests.

2 weeks after planting in a permanent place, young plants are fed under the root with mullein infusion (a liter of mullein is infused for several days in 10 liters of water), diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 8. To feed one plant, you will need about 500 g of working solution. This will help the bush to gain sufficient green mass. It's important not to overdo it. Too much nitrogen-rich organic fertilizer often leads to fattening of the bushes.

Regular loosening has a good effect on the development of physalis bushes.

After another 14 days, a complex mineral fertilizer is applied for planting. To prepare it, dissolve in a bucket of water:

  • 10-15 g of potassium salt;
  • 10–20 g superphosphate;
  • 10 g of ammonium nitrate.

Consumption rate of the resulting solution - 10 liters per 1 m2... On poor soils, top dressing is repeated several times per season at intervals of 2 weeks.

Unlike its close relative, tomato, physalis does not require pinching... On the contrary, this procedure significantly reduces the yield, because flower brushes in physalis are formed in the axils of the branches. This means that the more side shoots, the more fruits there will be.

In regions with a warm climate, Physalis Marmalade does not need crop rationing. But in the northern regions of our country, it is better to remove fruits that have set closer to the end of summer, since they still do not have time to ripen before the cold weather begins.

Quite high bushes of physalis Marmalade will definitely need support

Physalis Marmalade is affected by the same fungal and viral diseases as other representatives of the nightshade, but due to its strong immunity, it is sick much less often than tomatoes and peppers.

The greatest danger to physalis Marmalade is late blight and black leg. The development of these diseases is promoted by high humidity and poor ventilation of the plantings. For prevention, it is necessary to prevent thickening of plantings and excessive watering. In addition, the observance of crop rotation is also important.

When the first symptoms of fungal infections appear in physalis, it is imperative to remove the damaged parts of the plant, and, if necessary, the entire bush, after which the plantings are treated with drugs with a fungicidal effect, for example, Oxyhom, Ridomil Gold, Skor.

Chemical fungicides should not be used during fruit ripening. For the treatment of physalis Marmalade during this period, you can use the biological preparation Fitosporin.

Harvesting

Fully ripe physalis berries of this variety burst the sepals surrounding them, and they themselves acquire a cream or purple color (depending on the variety). Fruits that do not have time to ripen before the onset of frost are easily ripened at room temperature. Harvested from physalis Marmalade harvest is able to maintain freshness for 30-60 days. For long-term storage, dry, undamaged, slightly unripe fruits are selected and laid out in one layer in trellised boxes, which are placed in a well-ventilated cool room. The optimum storage temperature is 12-14 ° C.

Video: collection and storage of physalis fruits

Physalis Marmalade is suitable both for fresh consumption and for processing. Its fruits are salted, pickled and used to make jam with the addition of lemon or orange. Citrus fruits can be replaced with a little citric acid.

Reviews of marmalade physalis

Physalis Marmalade is not very popular among gardeners. Of course, the taste of its fruits is not distinguished by sophistication, but it is unpretentious and versatile in use.


Unusual Tomato Cream and how to care for it

Tomatoes Cream got their name from their elliptical fruit. Such varieties were bred for a long time, and they have gained good fame among vegetable growers. These nightshades are grown for whole-fruit canning, fresh consumption, freezing and drying.

Plum tomatoes are compared to the cherry variety, but the difference between Cream is that the variety has a higher yield and unpretentiousness. This species is able to grow both an experienced gardener and a novice summer resident.


Growing recommendations

Reviews of those who planted pink varieties of tomatoes suggest that they should be planted a little wider than ordinary ones. Then the fruits are larger and sweeter, and more spreading bushes form more fruits. The best planting pattern is 50 x 50 cm. It is not necessary to plant a lot of pink tomato bushes in the country, it is better to provide better care for a smaller number of bushes. Bushes need to be tied to a low support during the period of fruit growth, since heavy fruits often break off the entire branch.

Tomatoes Gift for Woman (F1) must be grown in seedlings. The seeds should be prepared in advance. Presowing seed treatment includes:

  • Calibration of seeds and determination of their viability. To do this, the seeds are immersed in water - the frail and weak float up, they are removed. The drowned are taken for further processing
  • Disinfection of seeds. This operation is easiest to carry out with potassium permanganate. For 15-20 minutes, you need to immerse the seeds in a pink solution of potassium permanganate.

Trading companies often offer shell seeds in different colors - green or blue. These seeds are of high quality. They have already been trained, you do not need to soak them.

Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in the first decade of March. The sowing depth is at least 1.5 cm, otherwise the cotyledon leaves will not be able to free themselves from the seed coat and will stop developing. The boxes with the sown seeds are covered with glass or foil and placed in a warm place, they do not need lighting now. Seedling soil is a mixture of garden soil and humus in equal parts.

Seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place at the age of 60-65 days. Good seedlings during this period may already be with flower buds. In order for the plants to adapt as easily as possible, they need to be tempered. About a week before planting in the ground, boxes with seedlings are taken out into the street, gradually accustoming them to the effects of the sun and wind. At the time of planting, it is good to lower the roots into a clay mash mixed with mullein.

Many of those who planted varieties such as Gift to a Woman recommend not equipping tall greenhouses for these tomatoes. On the contrary, they grow better in the first half of the growing season in a low greenhouse, and then, at high air temperatures, the greenhouse is removed. Fortified plants are little affected by diseases, they use moisture and light most efficiently, and they have higher yields.

After setting the fruit, the plants need feeding. For pink tomatoes, it is good to prepare mullein infusion, you can fertilize with chicken droppings. These fertilizers are very concentrated, so they need to be diluted 8-10 times. The industry produces new humic fertilizers that are good for feeding tomatoes by leaves or at the root. It is necessary to carry out at least two dressings, and preferably three, so you can alternate dressings at the root and on the leaf.


Tomato Sicilian pepper - description and characteristics of the variety

Vegetables occupy an important place in human nutrition. Gardeners devote a lot of time to growing different crops, and the backside is especially popular

The Sicilian pepper variety is a well-known tomato variety. Mid-maturing eggs are distinguished by high taste characteristics, are intended for growing in open ground or - or under temporary film shelters.

Bushes can go up to 2 meters in height. Up to 5 kg of ripe tomatoes can be harvested from one bush. The ovaries are formed by tassels, 4 tomatoes in each. The shape of the fruit is peppery, the mesophyll is juicy. When fully ripe, the tomatoes turn red. The average conglomerate of one fruit is 150 grams.

Tomatoes are great for fresh consumption, for all types of harvesting and for freezing.

Advantages and disadvantages

People who grow this variety note the following positive features:

  1. Good resistance to dangerous diseases and pests.
  2. High yield of tomato even under unfavorable conditions.
  3. Excellent taste.
  4. Duration of fresh storage.

The only drawback is the poor vulnerability of the cold.

Growing rules

Sowing of seeds is carried out in March. The soil is calcined forward in the oven to get rid of dangerous fungi and harmful insects. Movra should be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. This will help you get fast and friendly shoots.

Movr is placed in the ground to a depth of 1.5 cm. After sowing, the boxes are covered with foil and placed in a warm and sunny space. Seedlings are required to be regularly watered with warm, settled water and complex fertilizing should be applied.

Like only 1 real leaf will appear, the plants dive into separate containers.

For the sake of 10-12 days before planting in a permanent place, the seedlings must be hardened. Every day the containers are taken outside, increasing the length of stay from 20 minutes to 2 hours.

Immediately before planting, it is not forbidden to leave seedlings in the fresh air overnight. Planting of seedlings in gaping soil occurs in mid-May at the age of 50-55 days. Step-sons must be removed on time.

Care rules

  1. Eggs should be watered regularly. The soil should not be overmoistened; this may adversely affect the taste of the fruit. Watering should be done once a week, if there is no rain.
  2. During the growing season, during flowering and with the onset of fruiting, the bushes should be fed with organic and mineral fertilizers.
  3. It is imperative to huddle bushes, loosen the ground and remove weeds.
  4. For preventive purposes, plants need to be sprayed with special preparations against pests and fungi.

Summer residents and farmers speak positively about the Sicilian pepper variety. To achieve the maximum result in harvesting, it is required to adhere to the cultivation technique, and in addition to observe the rules for care.

  1. Valentina Fedorovna, 62 years old: I saw this variety in the garden of my neighbors. I decided to cut tomatoes at home this year. The result is pleasing. Tomatoes are dense, bright red in color, take the taste great. For the winter I prepared tomato juice, lecho, ketchup and marinated. The bushes grow tall, so I tied them to wooden sticks.She always cut off her stepsons, loosened the ground and weeded. Gathered a high-yield crop.
  2. Peter D., 70 years old: I read about the Sicilian pepper variety on the Internet, and decided to risk planting it on my site. From each bush I took 4 kg of ripe fruits nearby. The variety does not require increased maintenance. Worldwide follow the simple recommendations described in the instructions. Tomatoes keep well fresh. Hardly once during the summer did I apply complex fertilizers and cut off my stepsons. Like, just the cold season came, I picked unripe tomatoes, everything in the world is ripe at home. I advise all summer residents to try this type of tomato.
  3. Serge, 48 years old: I decided to plant eggs of the Sicilian pepper variety this year. The fruits have grown almost the same shape, the presence of full ripeness has acquired a red color. True, the yield of the variety is far from rich enough. It turned out to collect only 2-3 kg from the bush. Here next year I will try to fully carry out feeding and watering. This summer turned out to be dry, maybe the plants did not have enough moisture, thanks to which such a poor harvest result. I especially liked the taste of pickled tomatoes of this variety. I recommend growing Sicilian pepper to anyone who loves delicious fruits.


Yield

Plants grown under cover produce more fruit. 8-12 kg of tomatoes are harvested from one greenhouse bush. On the open ground, the variety can please 3.5-5 kg ​​of giant-sized tomatoes. Their peel is thin.

Easily separable from the pulp. The largest tomatoes form dark-skinned subspecies.

Variety "Bull heart red"

They taste sweet, with a slight sourness. Fleshy inside, firm, not juicy. They can be eaten fresh, added to salads, or used for canning, cooking various dishes.


Description of the tomato variety Pyshka and its characteristics

Tomatoes are among the capricious plants. The sustainable tomato Pyshka or Tolstushka has become the fruit of the modern selection of the Aelita agricultural company. This tasty and healthy berry is in demand in different regions of Russia.

General information about the variety

Tomato variety Pyshka f1 collected reviews of vegetable growers not only in Russia, but also in neighboring countries. Positive features allow you to grow the plant in open ground and greenhouses. Characteristics and description of the appearance of the variety:

  • early maturing, the maximum period before the beginning of fruiting is 90 days
  • determinant
  • undersized, the height of the bush does not exceed 70 cm
  • medium foliage
  • leaf is large, dark green
  • inflorescences of intermediate type
  • articulated peduncle
  • high yield, from 1 sq. meters of planting during the summer season, up to 10 kilograms of berries are harvested
  • resistance to most diseases of the nightshade family
  • high tolerance to nutritional and water deficiencies
  • well tolerates transportation and long-term storage
  • not prone to cracking
  • requires a garter.

The tomato variety Pyshka is included in the state register. It is successfully cultivated by gardeners of the southern and northern regions of the country. The demand for the plant is also associated with the characteristics of the fruit. Berry technical data:

  • round shape
  • the weight of an individual fruit does not exceed 160 grams
  • smooth
  • when mature they acquire a dark red color
  • thin skin
  • dense
  • sweet taste.

The versatility of the variety made it possible to use ripe fruits raw and for canning. Tomato is considered a good ingredient in vegetable salads, it is convenient for drying and pickling. A number of processed products are obtained from it: pasta, ketchup, lecho.

Recommendations for growing varieties

The plant prefers a seedling growing method. It is recommended to start preparatory work a month before the expected landing date. Experienced gardeners prepare seedlings from late March to early April. To obtain healthy seedlings, you should:

  • organize containers with complex soil for tomatoes
  • treat the seeds with a solution of potassium permanganate or rinse with clean water
  • organize sowing to a depth of 1.5-2 cm
  • cover the plants with plastic
  • regular watering
  • when the first shoots appear, transfer the plant to the windowsill, provide a source of natural or artificial light
  • after the appearance of the first leaves, make a pick of the plant.

IMPORTANT! The Pyshka tomato variety belongs to unpretentious varieties and does not require special care!

Before planting, experts advise hardening the plant. Hardening should be done 7-10 days before planting. The temperature in the room is reduced to 17-18 degrees, or the containers are taken outside. Experienced vegetable growers advise planting tomatoes according to the 70 x 30 scheme. In care, the variety is suitable for beginner gardeners. Mandatory activities include:

  • watering with warm water in the evening or morning hours
  • loosening and weeding the soil
  • feeding, at least four times during the summer season.

If necessary, the branches of the tomato variety Pyshka are tied up.


Growing physalis

Physalis does not need special care after transplanting into open ground, a pot or a greenhouse. This is a rather unpretentious plant.

Basic conditions for caring for physalis:

  • The main requirements are still an abundance of sunlight and warmth.
  • Unlike other nightshades, it does not need to be pinned.
  • Only vigorous varieties are tied up, reaching 70-100 cm in height.
  • Physalis only needs timely watering and weeding.
  • The earth is periodically loosened so that a crust does not form and the soil does not crack.
  • The plant must be periodically inspected to prevent the occurrence of diseases.
  • When diseased bushes are found, the plants are removed and burned so that the disease does not spread.

Video: growing physalis in a pot

Plant agrotechnics

Any plant, including physalis, needs fertilizing. This increases the endurance and yield of the crop. Physalis roots grow deeper, so fertilizers that are on the soil surface are not fully used. Physalis should be fed every 14 days starting in mid-June. You can feed the plants with the following fertilizers:

  • Manure solution. The ratio with water is 1: 5.
  • Mullein solution. The ratio is 1: 8.
  • Poultry manure solution mixed with wood ash. For 1 kg of organic matter, 15 liters of water and 0.2 kg of ash are taken.
  • Ash can be replaced with superphosphate (50 g) and add 1 tbsp. l. potassium salt.
  • Urea. It is diluted in an amount of 10 g per 10 liters of water.

In the absence of organic fertilizers, urea can be used

As for regular watering of physalis, they are necessary for young plants. An adult physalis needs systematic watering only during a drought period.

Diseases and pests

Of all the nightshades, physalis is the least susceptible to disease. The most common diseases for this plant:

  • Late blight. Physalis rarely gets sick with it. This happens when the weather is rainy for a long time. Fogs, high humidity of air and soil can be the culprits of late blight. It manifests itself as brown spots that form under the skin of the fruit. Such berries must be removed from the bushes immediately.
  • Blackleg. It affects physalis seedlings. The main cause of the disease is sowing the plants too often. The secondary conditions for the development of the black leg are high humidity and poor ventilation of the flower bed. Fighting this disease is quite simple. It is necessary to thin out physalis, destroy weeds and reduce the frequency of watering.
  • Mosaic. To avoid this virus, basic crop rotation requirements must be followed. Physalis can be transplanted to a new place, but it will be possible to return the plant to the previous flower bed only after 4 years.
  • Of the pests for physalis, only the bear and the wireworm are dangerous. You can fight them using folk methods. For example, planting lupins, alfalfa, mustard or salad nearby. You can decompose the superphosphate granules by spraying them with a solution of your choice: Decis, Karate, Provotox or Actellik. These insecticides are the least toxic to humans.


Watch the video: Sweet 100 cherry tomato update. Gardening tips