Why do the leaves of zamioculcas turn yellow
Zamioculcas is an unpretentious indoor plant popular among amateur flower growers, which is often used by professional designers for landscaping various premises. High decorativeness, undemanding conditions of keeping, resistance to pests, diseases and external factors - these are the main features and advantages of this culture, belonging to the Aroid family. For all its merits, the flower requires attention and care from its owners. You cannot miss the signal for help from the plant, you need to eliminate the problem that has appeared in time. Yellowed leaves can be one of these signals. The reasons for their yellowing are varied, but there are the most basic ones. An urgent need to find out the truth so that the plant can be saved.
The native land of the plant is the tropical climate of Africa and bright sunlight in natural conditions can in no way harm zamiokulkas. The flower is constantly under the scorching rays of the sun and feels great. As a houseplant, at home, where there is no cool breeze, the leaves are exposed to heat from direct sunlight, and sunburns appear on their surface in the form of yellow spots. Usually, such burns are visible only on the side of the sheet that faces the sun. At first, the spots are colored in a light yellow shade, then in a deep yellow, and later they turn brown-brown and dry out.
It is impossible to restore the natural color of the leaves after sunburn. As measures to save the plant, it is necessary to cut off all the affected parts to the base and rearrange the container with the flower in a penumbra, you can in the middle of the room.
Waterlogging of the soil
An arid climate with high temperatures and a long lack of rainfall is not terrible for a plant, but constantly waterlogged soil in a flower pot is very dangerous. The rhizome of the culture in the form of a succulent tuber with a large supply of moisture with a long stagnation of water in the pot begins to rot. The rotting processes of the root system give a signal in the form of yellowing of the leaves. When root rot appears, it is recommended to urgently rid the flower of the old substrate, rinse the roots from the soil, and inspect them. If the root has died completely, then you can save the plant by taking healthy parts as cuttings. In case of partial damage to the roots, it is recommended to remove the rotten parts, and treat the rest with "Fundazol" or charcoal and plant the plant in a new soil mixture and a new container.
In the future, you should pay attention to the frequency and volume of watering. Each subsequent watering should be carried out only after the soil in the pot has dried by about 50-70%. During the dormant period, in the cold season, watering is carried out very rarely and in minimal quantities.
Zamioculcas is a slow-growing plant that requires small amounts of nutrients. Excessive fertilizing will not only not benefit the growth and development of the crop, but will also lead to salinization and compaction of the soil in the pot. This will negatively affect the work of the root system of the flower, possibly the appearance of root rot and the death of the plant in the future. Yellowed leaves that appear may signal such a problem.
The main thing that needs to be done urgently is to transplant the flower into a new substrate by examining and processing the underground part of the culture. It is recommended to apply top dressing in minimal volumes and three times less concentration than recommended in the instructions for the preparation. Fertilizers most suitable for zamioculcas are nutrient mixes for succulents and cacti.
Changes associated with the age of the flower
During its life, the indoor flower zamioculcas constantly grows new leaves, but at a certain stage this process stops. An adult mature zamiokulkas should have approximately 16-18 leaves. During the period of natural renewal, old leaves fall off, but before falling off they gradually turn yellow. At this time, no help is required from the florists. You need to worry if shedding leaves is massive.
Painstaking and persistent breeders do not stop in their work on what has already been achieved and continue to develop more and more new types and varieties of zamiokulkas. Yellow spots of various shapes and sizes on the leafy part of indoor crops can be the result of their labors. In our time, in the course of breeding work, a new form of zamioculcas has been developed - variegated.
On the surface of the usual rich green leaves, there can be various spots of yellow shades - from light yellow to burning golden. Their shapes and sizes are also very different. It can be a usual small speck or several spots on one leaf. The surface of the lamina may be completely yellow or have a light yellow edging. In some species, the leaf part appears to be splattered with yellow, or the leaf consists of green and yellow halves. In this case, yellowing of the leaves should not cause excitement among the owners of indoor crops.
If the zamioculcas turns yellow, you need to urgently pull the plant out of the pot and carefully examine the leaves and roots. There should be no small pests on the crown. In the root system, all kinds of insects also like to start, which thrive on juicy tubers in moist warm ground. If pests have appeared on the plant, it is necessary to treat it with an insecticidal preparation, clean the foliage from insects with your hands, and cut out damaged tubers.
Important! If it is noticed that the leaves of the plant have begun to lighten and dry, time cannot be put off to save it.
Due to the overflow of the tree, the roots of the plant begin to rot, the leaves do not receive sufficient nutrition, they begin to bend and turn yellow. In such cases, you need to remove the tuber damaged by rot, sprinkle the cut sites with activated charcoal and let the bush dry out, leaving it without soil for several days. In the future, watering is carried out no more than 2 times a week, the soil in the pot should dry out. In winter, you need to water once a month. If in doubt, whether the flower needs moisture, it is better to wait a few days. The plant tolerates drought well.
Even if zamioculcas is properly cared for at home, it turns yellow due to high humidity or, conversely, dry indoor air. In the first case, you need to move the pot to a more acceptable environment, preferably in a room with a few other plants. A dollar tree that grows indoors with dry air should be sprayed with a spray bottle.
If the rhizome is severely damaged by rot or most of the healthy shoots are not left on the surface, the plant is rescued by rooting its stems. A branch with green leaves is cut at an angle of 45 ° and placed in standing water for germination. When the roots appear, the cutting is planted in the soil for cacti.
Important! At first, watering is carried out very poorly, the tree must form a tuber.
Leaves turn yellow after transplanting Zamioculcas
Sometimes flower growers note that after transplantation, the zamiokulkas begin to turn yellow, and then the leaves begin to fall off. The reason why this happens is that the root was damaged during the extraction of the plant. But this does not mean that culture will die, it can be saved if you start to take immediate action in response.
Transplant into a larger pot with soil replacement and complete pruning of the shoots
First of all, the flower is pulled out of the pot, and its root is examined. All damaged areas on the root will be slightly rotten - this is clearly visible. They need to be trimmed to healthy tissue, and then treated with activated carbon to disinfect the cut sites. After that, the root must dry out so that the upper moisture evaporates. After that, you can plant the plant again, but in new soil.
How to save a plant - what to do if the leaves turn yellow
If the leaves of the plant turn yellow, it is necessary to identify the cause and take emergency measures. When the yellowing of the leaf plates occurs as a result of natural processes, then no action is necessary. In order not to spoil the aesthetic appearance of the plant, you can cut off dry shoots with disinfected scissors.
When the soil dries out as a result of insufficient watering, you should begin to moisten the flower with small portions of liquid at room temperature. As soon as the water balance is restored, you can proceed to the usual regime of caring for the dollar tree.
Important! Do not pour a large amount of liquid into the soil, this can lead to rotting of the roots.
In case of excessive watering and the onset of putrefactive processes, it is necessary to transplant zamiokulkas using the following technology:
- Carefully remove the zamioculcas from the bowl by the transfer method.
- Free the tuber and roots from the soil.
- Carry out a visual inspection of the roots and determine at which points the putrefactive processes began.
- Cut off all rotten, soft, rotten areas with a sharp disinfected knife.
- Sprinkle the cut sites with a crushed activated carbon tablet.
- Dry the tuber and roots thoroughly at room temperature in a well-ventilated area.
- Once the plant is back to normal, transplant it into a pot with new nutrient soil.
The first time after transplanting, you should not water the zamiokulkas; it is better to moisten the soil from a spray bottle. If the tuber is damaged during transplantation, it is also necessary to remove the deformed plant from the pot, cut off all damaged areas, disinfect the cut points and carefully root the flower again.
If the leaves turn yellow as a result of the appearance of dangerous pests, the following measures must be taken:
- Prepare a soapy solution based on laundry soap.
- Cover the soil with cling foil or a bag to keep the soapy liquid from getting on the roots.
- Treat the plate with a soft sponge. It is advisable to cut off damaged areas of the plant with signs of the disease.
- Rinse the leaves with clean water.
In advanced cases, you need to spray the plant with an insecticidal solution. If the reason is insufficient light or temperature changes, then the plant must be placed in appropriate conditions. It will be back to normal soon.
Despite the fact that in nature zamioculcas grows in a variety of natural conditions, sudden changes in temperature are very poorly reflected on its domestic species. Both the rapid cooling of the ambient air and its sudden warming, for example when the heating is turned on, are very likely to lead to yellowing and leaf fall.
With a sharp drop in the temperature in the room, for example, during airing in the cold season, it is necessary to move the exotic to a warmer place away from drafts. Too hot and dry microclimate must be mitigated by regular spraying or with an air humidifier.
Why does the plant have yellow leaves?
More recently, migrants from arid Africa have appeared in our homes - zamiokulki. It is very fashionable to have this flower today and it is very easy to take care of it. The plant is really unusual and really unpretentious. This flower is considered to be very hardy and resistant to many diseases. However, not everything is as simple as it should be. Despite the almost Spartan conditions in which this flower grows in its homeland, a spacious existence is not always comfortable for it. Most often, zamioculcas have yellow leaves at home, although no other signs of the disease are observed. What could be the hidden reason, and why did your zmiokulcus suddenly turn yellow? Let's try to figure it out.
The natural reason for yellowing and falling is not surprising, the growth of zamiokulkasa. This flower belongs to the category of very slow growing pets. In the process of growth, new leaves appear in zamioculcas, and old leaves first turn yellow, and then wither and fall off - in nature everything just happens.In indoor floriculture, this phenomenon spoils the decorativeness of the flower and causes anxiety among florists. Therefore, if the leaves turn yellow, but the flower is giving new shoots, there is nothing to worry about - this is a natural process. Why is this happening? And everything is simple - young leaves are more viable and active, so all nutrients are taken from the soil. Pay attention to the appearance of dark spots on the leaves-stems. If they are dry, your zmiokulki are completely healthy. You can only wait until the yellowed leaves are completely dry and remove them. You need to take care of the flower in the old mode.
The most common reason for the yellowing of shimioculcas leaves is improper watering. Interestingly, this can happen with an excess of moisture, and with its lack. But the biggest and most common mistake is still over-watering. And if you carefully and carefully water your zmiokulki, and it suddenly turns yellow, then rest assured - you just poured it. Zamiokulkas is a plant resistant to drought, which means that it does not need frequent and abundant watering. If you make such a mistake, and the leaves on the flower turn yellow, then you need to urgently revive the plant, otherwise it will simply die. To do this, you need to remove the flower from the pot and separate the parts of the tuber and roots that have begun to rot. The healthy underground parts of the zmiokulkas must be dried, first sprinkled with crushed coal, and then the plant must be transplanted into new soil. If the earthy coma is obviously dry, the leaves of the zmiokulk may also begin to turn yellow. The same reaction occurs when the roots are damaged during transplanting or transplanting a plant. In these cases, it is only necessary to normalize watering and be sure to feed the flower. The best cure for such a disease will be drugs that stimulate root growth: "Kornevin", "Korneros", "Root" or other similar remedies. A sudden change in temperature in the room where the flower is located can also cause the appearance of yellow leaves. Although in nature zamiokulkas grows in different climatic conditions and in a wide temperature range, samples in the room do not like cool conditions. This negatively affects the condition of the flower and the sudden rise in temperature, for example, when heating devices are turned on. In this case, try to humidify the air in the room and spray your zmiokulki "Epin" with an anti-stress effect two or three times a week.
We found out why the leaves are yellow in healthy individuals of zmiokulkasa, but if you take proper care of the flower, new shoots did not appear, and the leaves turned yellow at the same time, some diseases are not excluded. Most often, yellowed leaves are caused by all kinds of pests: sheaths, aphids, spider mites. If you notice that the leaves of the zamiokulkasa have turned yellow and they have a thin spider web, then most likely the flower is affected by a spider mite. This is such a small red spider that settles on the back of the leaves and wraps it with a white cobweb. You can destroy this little pest physically by washing the leaves from the cobweb, and chemically, by spraying the plant with special preparations (Agravertine, Zircon, Antiklesh). Dark spots on the stems and yellowed leaves are a sign of scab damage to the zamioculum.This species of aphid, whose adults are covered with wax shields, reproduces very quickly, but still sits motionless on the plant, covering itself with shields (these are dark spots on the flower). But the larvae crawl around the flower and feed on the sap of the leaves, from which they turn yellow. To get rid of this evil, the leaves of zamiokulkas must be wiped off with a damp swab, collecting the adult sheath, and the plant itself must be treated with soapy water or insecticides. So zmiokulkasa yellow leaves, when new shoots appear, when the plant is damaged by pests and with improper care. However, do not forget that zmiokulkas is very hardy. Even if the leaves turn yellow and then completely fall, there is a chance to achieve resuscitation of the flower and the appearance of new shoots from the tuber. So do not rush to despair. Find out why the leaves of your zmiokulkas turned yellow, take action and wait for the results. And they will definitely follow! We advise you to read:
What causes yellow leaves of a houseplant?
So, you've found that your houseplant has some kind of yellow leaves or may be losing leaves, and you want to know why. The shortest and most common answer is insufficient watering.
Think of your plant as a company, leaves as workers, and water as wages. If a company doesn't have enough money, it has to lay off some workers because it can no longer afford to pay them. Like any smart company, a plant will always fire the least productive workers first, namely the leaves closest to its base. These leaves are usually the oldest, sometimes the smallest, and they haven't gone the extra mile looking for more light and / or water. They are not the innovators of our small corporation.
But there are other reasons for yellow leaves as well.
Troubleshooting Yellowed Leaves
- If there is not enough water in the plant, it reduces the amount of resources sent to the least important leaves. When you water, the plant can recover, but the damage has already been done.
- Some plants respond more slowly to changes in watering than others, so some will show symptoms of distress within a week, others may take several weeks to show signs of a problem.
- Sometimes yellowing shows after the plant received the required amount of water. I call this "yellowish bounce". This can be confusing because the damage occurs when the plant appears healthy; you might think that the plant still lacks water and water, leading to over-watering.
In general, if the yellow leaves on your plant are solid yellow and easily fall off or detach from the plant (depending on the type of plant), you have been undernourished at some point in the past. But if the leaves on your plant have dotted yellowing or mosaic yellowing, or appear yellow or light green with dark green veins, and if the leaves are still well attached to the plant, then you probably have another problem.
Preventing yellow leaves on a houseplant
- The most common scenario is to simply forget to water the plant. If this is your problem, then you can make a watering schedule (I suggest weekly) to check the plant for moisture and water, respectively.
- You may need a saucer to hold some excess water in order to hatch the plant during the week, especially if it is in an area with a strong light or strong air flow.
- Beware of the dangers of over-adjusting, i.e. changing from a waterer to a waterer, care must be taken to maintain a balance as many things in life do have some skill in caring for a houseplant.
- If all else fails and you have funds, watering services are available. Consider hiring someone to take care of your plants.
Remember, some yellowing of the leaves is normal, especially if you have a new plant that is adapting to a new environment with lower light levels. Seeing yellow doesn't necessarily mean your plant is doomed; it just means the plant is sending some signals that something has happened or has changed. Let the signals teach you.
Succulent plants are one of the most popular houseplant species due to the low maintenance they require.
Their foliage is thick and fleshy, so they can easily hold onto water.
But while they are known to be easy to maintain, there are still some issues that can arise. One of the common problems indoor gardeners face is yellow leaves on their succulent plants.
So why do your succulents turn yellow?
The most common cause of yellowing of the leaves of succulent plants is excessive moisture. This is because succulents, due to their desert origins, do not need as much water as other plants. Insufficient watering and lack of sunlight are other common causes of yellow leaves.
Keep reading to understand how to determine why your succulent leaves are turning yellow and what you can do about it.
6 reasons why juicy leaves turn yellow
Succulents are plants that originally came from a desert climate and are used to heat temperatures, provide plenty of sunshine, and do not need as much water as other plants.
When they don't get what they need, they can get yellow leaves to alert the gardener to their ineffective care and conserve energy. There are many reasons why your succulent plant might have yellow leaves.
Here are some of the most common causes of yellowing of succulent leaves.
Over-watering: the most common cause of yellow leaves on succulent plants
Over-watering your succulent plants is the most common problem that directly leads to yellowing of succulent leaves, indicating that your plant is under stress.
If stray leaves start to turn yellow, touch them to see if they are damp or soft. If so, then you probably watered it too much.
The first sign of over-watering is leaf fall even after the slightest bump. Small black spots may then appear on the leaves and stem - at this point, it can be difficult to salvage a waterlogged succulent.
How to fix
If over-watering is the problem, try to determine if there is any possible way to save the succulent.If there are no traces of root spots (black spots on the lower stem), wait a few days to see if the water is absorbed and wait until the soil is completely dry. before watering again.
If there are no signs of root rot, try replanting the succulent plant in a new pot with improved drainage holes. Also, consider placing some gravel or pebbles on the bottom of your new pot to exacerbate water retention.
If there are black spots around the stem.
- Remove the plant from the pot and remove it from the soil as carefully as possible.
- Then cut off some of the succulent from the black stem rot and let the rest dry naturally (but away from direct sunlight).
- Remove the infested soil and when the succulent is dry, place it in a new, well-drained potting soil mixture.
- Water the newly planted succulent plants a week after transplanting. Remember, however, to only water enough to moisten the soil.
When watering, you can make the leaves of succulents yellow
Although underwatering is less common than watering, it is still a problem for some succulents such as Portulacaria alfa or Senecio haworthii.
When the leaves turn yellow, they can also look a little dry and brittle. These are both signs of insufficient watering.
The moment you start to see your succulent leaves turn yellow and begin to wrinkle, give them some drink. A regular watering schedule will help your succulents stay happy and healthy.
How to fix
If the underwater world is your problem and it hasn't made that much progress, just give it a good drink and increase your watering schedule a bit.
It is recommended to water the succulents once a week and soak well each time. Remember to place your plants in a pot with drainage holes to prevent over-watering your succulent.
Not enough sun can cause succulent leaves to turn yellow
Another reason your succulent leaves may turn yellow is because they don't get enough sunlight.
You may notice that along with this yellowing of the leaves, the succulent plant can start growing tall and lanky.
Although succulents regularly grow rather slowly, if they don't get enough sunlight, they will begin to gravitate towards the light source.
This can cause them to look like they're leaning into the light and getting tall and thin instead of plump and curvy.
If you suspect your succulent is not getting enough sunlight, move the plant to an area of your home with more. They need at least 3 hours of direct sunlight every day.
Gardener's worst indoor nightmare: flour bugs - These bugs like to feed on new growth of succulents, which can cause significant stress to the plant.
This stress can cause some leaves to turn yellow as the plant tries to conserve its energy.
You will usually find these little suckers in the cobweb-like nooks of your succulent plants. They will spread to your entire plant if not dealt with quickly.
How to fix
Starting with mistakes, this problem must be dealt with very quickly, otherwise the entire plant can become completely infected.
You can use an insecticide (store bought or homemade) according to their instructions.
Planting in the wrong soil and / or pot
This problem can be a little harder to spot, but it's incredibly important to remember. If there are no signs of over or under watering, lack of sunlight, or insect infestation, the problem may be in your soil or pot.
Succulents need a well-drained soil. They also need a pot with a drainage hole or at least some gravel or pebbles in the bottom to keep the roots from rotting.
How to fix
If most of the plant is not recyclable, don't worry. Succulents are known to be good propagandists.
part of the plant that is still healthy, and place it lightly in well-drained soil.
A week later, give it some water and watch it grow into a brand new plant!
Leaves naturally die
Finally, the leaves naturally die. As the plants grow, they need to shed a few leaves. It can often take too much energy to keep all the leaves on one body.
When your plant stops providing nutrients to some of the leaves, they turn yellow and fall off over time. This is a natural part of the life cycle and nothing to worry about.
If your succulent has yellow leaves around the bottom of the plant, it is likely trying to shed some leaves. This is especially common if your plant is in the process of flowering.
The succulent plant will want to conserve its energy for the flower and get rid of some of the extra leaves; you can help this by pulling off some of the too brown and dried yellow leaves.
How to find out why your succulent leaves turn yellow
Watch the leaves
The first step in figuring out what makes your luscious leaves turn yellow is to look directly at the leaves.
If you spot small white beetles, you have an infestation to fight. If your leaves are soft and soft, then you have too much water.
If the leaves are wrinkled and slightly dry, you may need to water more. If the succulent is tall and long, you may need to consider moving the plant to an area with more sunlight.
Perform finger test
If your succulent leaves are yellow and other signs are not obvious, check the soil. Press your finger against your luscious soil to see if it is damp.
If it's dry and the leaves are yellow, give it a little more water than usual and adjust your watering schedule accordingly.
If the soil is wet, wait for it to dry out before watering again. If it stays wet for a while (a few days), you may have too much water and your roots have rotted.
Keep in mind that the yellow leaves at the base of a succulent plant are perfectly normal and it might just be a plant shedding some leaves.
In this case, you can simply leave it on or tear off the leaves that are too dry and yellow.
How to prevent yellowing of succulent leaves
To prevent yellowing of the leaves of succulent plants, it is important to remember what succulents are for. It survives in little water, well-drained soil, and plenty of sunlight.
When you get your succulent plant, make sure you have the right pot, the right soil, and the right conditions for it to thrive. Water the plant once a week just enough to moisten the dirt (try not to get water on the foliage as this can cause disease) and make sure the water can drain from the soil.
Check your succulents regularly for signs of problems or stress, and remember to experiment when needed (i.e. more water, less water, more sun, etc.).
Succulents are easy to care for and therefore easier to repair than others.
Lindsey Hyland grew up in Arizona, where she attended the University of Arizona in Controlled Agriculture. She complemented her education by working on various organic farms in rural and urban settings. She started Urban Organic Yield to discuss gardening tips and tactics. Growing and growing is almost anything she really cares about. She is especially passionate about finding sustainable ways to better manage small farms, home gardens, urban farming and indoor gardening.
Improper maintenance of the dollar tree
Some of the wrong flower care practices include the following:
- planting in heavy soil,
- lack of moisture, waterlogging
- dampness in the room, dry air
- too small pot
- lack of light, presence of direct sunlight
- cold temperature in the room.
To solve the problem, you need to establish the cause of the yellowed leaves. This is the only way to save the tree.
Note! Being in drafts and overflowing is poorly tolerated by the plant. Leaves may turn yellow, roots may rot.
Succulent frostbite and sunburn
To understand why the leaves of zamiokulkas turn yellow, you need to pay attention to how much sunlight the flower receives. The best place in the apartment is the north or east side on the windowsill. If the tree is left in the open sun for several hours, it will get sunburn. When the flower is on the sunny side, the window is shaded with a curtain.It is not recommended to put the flowerpot in a dark corner, this can disrupt the processes of photosynthesis, and the leaves will begin to brighten, and leaf fall cannot be avoided.
Yellow leaf of zamiokulkas
It is worth remembering that zamioculcas is a culture imported from Africa, it requires light sandy soil, limited watering, and a temperature regime of 18 ° C. Being in drafts and in cold rooms leads to leaf fall. The culture also does not tolerate excessive fertilization. Top dressing is applied once every 2 weeks. It is useful to alternate organic fertilizers with mineral fertilizers.
Important! For the winter, the flower is left alone, watering is reduced, not fertilized.
Why is the dollar tree crying
The dollar tree can sometimes "cry", drops of moisture appear on the leaves. It is believed that zamioculcas "cries" before the rain. The scientific explanation for this is the special structure of the roots. The tubers cannot process all the liquid that was introduced into the soil during watering. Water is released onto the surface of the leaves and evaporates. Anything that did not evaporate due to the increased humidity of the air before the rain remains at the tip of the leaf. To see this effect, the room where the dollar tree grows must be very humid.
Exposure to pests
The thick leathery leaves of the plant are rarely affected by insects, but some of them can still appear on the zamiokulkas and cause yellowing and fall of the foliage.
For example, the appearance of a spider mite can be triggered by low indoor humidity. To destroy it, the leaves must be treated with soapy water or sprayed with tobacco infusion. A day after the procedure, the plant should take a warm shower. For especially severe injuries, ready-made insecticides can also be used.
As a result of being outdoors, the plant can be attacked by aphids, which are destroyed by appropriate products such as intavir commercially available.