Trachelium (Trachelium) is a perennial shrub from the Bellflower family. The homeland of the plant is Greece, but it can be found throughout the Mediterranean. Today, the trachelium is known to many gardeners around the world.
The name of the flower comes from the Greek word for throat. It is associated either with the healing properties of the plant, which can be used to treat certain diseases, or with the shape of its flowers.
Description of the trachelium
The evergreen herbaceous subshrub trachelium can have different heights - from 35 to 80 cm. The diameter of an adult bush is small - only about 30 cm. It is made up of elastic branched shoots of brownish-green color with alternate leaves on petioles. The oblong foliage has jagged edges at the edges, and a sharp point at the top. The length of each leaf is about 8 cm. The leaves are colored dark green, but sometimes they can have a lilac hue.
Inflorescence-scutes are located in the upper part of the stem and consist of many small flowers. They can be blue or purple, but there are also white and red flowers. Because of the fused petals, they resemble bells. Each flower has small stamens and a prominent ovary tube about 0.5 cm long. This gives the inflorescences extra volume and makes them more spectacular.
In garden conditions, the flowering of trachelium begins at the end of summer, continuing until the arrival of frost. The inflorescences exude a pronounced pleasant aroma and attract insects. Sometimes shrubs are grown in greenhouses or greenhouses using cut flowers. In this case, you can get beautiful bouquets in the spring, in March, but the plant can bloom, as well as bear fruit, only once a year. After the flowers wither, bolls with small dark seeds, covered with a thin film, are formed on the bushes.
Any work with a flower is recommended to be carried out with gloves - otherwise dermatitis may develop.
Breeding methods of trachelium
Trachelium can be propagated in two ways: by dividing the root or by seeds.
Growing from seeds
In regions with mild and warm winters, you can sow seeds directly into the ground. In more northern regions, in order for the trachelium bushes to bloom in the first year of planting, they must be grown through seedlings. Sowing is carried out from the end of winter to March. The seeds are sown superficially on loose soil. Instead of deepening, you can lightly press each seed into the ground. The containers with crops are covered with foil and placed in a well-lit, but slightly cool (from +15 degrees) place. In such conditions, seedlings can appear in 2-3 weeks. After the first sprouts appear, the film is removed and the container is transferred to heat. The optimum temperature for seedlings is +20 degrees.
After the formation of the first 3 true leaves, the tops of the shoots must be pinched. This will promote the growth of side shoots and the formation of a beautiful bush. The seedlings are moved to the garden after warm weather is established outside. They are placed in flower beds in 30 cm increments.
In the garden, the trachelium can grow quite quickly. If the bushes are grown as perennials, they will have to be divided periodically. This is usually done in the spring. In addition, small shoots with their own roots are formed in adult plants older than 3 years. They can also be used for breeding. In the spring, the shoot is separated from the parent bush, treated with potassium permanganate and immediately planted in the chosen place.
This method allows you to get a new flowering bush in the same season. But such a division is feasible only if the plant is cultivated as a perennial: at home or in a warm climate. In middle latitudes, tracheliums do not hibernate, so they most often have a one-year growing cycle. Such processes are not formed on young bushes.
Planting and caring for the trachelium
Planting and watering regime
An adult trachelium bush does not require careful maintenance. This is an unpretentious and rather tenacious plant. Light nutrient soil of slightly acidic or neutral reaction is best suited for it. In shallow planting holes, you can add a sand-peat mixture, having previously laid a drainage layer on the bottom - the bushes are sensitive to water stagnation at the roots. If the trachelium grows in a pot, a drainage layer will also be created in it. The container must be deep enough. At the same time, the trachelium is drought-resistant, so it will not need frequent watering. Typically, water the plant sparingly a couple of times a week. The soil should be abundantly moistened only during prolonged drought and during the flowering period. To do this, use soft and well-settled warm water.
Before planting a seedling in a hole or pot, the soil must be moistened. When the bush is moved to a new place, the ground next to it is tamped a little and watered again.
Choosing a landing site
Sunny areas are most suitable for the trachelium, but young plants should be shaded during hot hours. To do this, you can place them in a corner in the afternoon in a light shade, or use awnings. When grown as a home crop, trachelium will also need shelter from bright light in the afternoon. The southeast and southwest directions are considered optimal for it. At the same time, potted plants also need fresh air. If possible, for the summer, it is recommended to transfer them to an open place - to a balcony, veranda or even a garden. For periods of heavy rainfall, the pots are brought back.
For a beautiful and abundant flowering, before the formation of buds, the plants are fed monthly with complex fertilizer. This is done only during the growth period - in the fall and winter, they do not add additional feeding without the need for feeding.
In order to preserve the attractive appearance of the flower for as long as possible, wilting inflorescences are regularly removed.
Tracheliums do not tolerate freezing temperatures, therefore they can winter only in very warm areas: even a shelter does not save the bushes. Together with frosts, the off-season period is dangerous for plants by waterlogging due to snow melting. To be sure to keep the planting until next year, garden specimens can be dug up, placed in a container and removed in a cool (up to + 10 degrees) room. In the spring, overwintered plants are planted again in open ground.
In domestic plants, a dormant period begins in winter. Watering for this time is reduced, but they try to prevent the soil in the container with the flower from drying out.
Delicate Trachelium flowers 08/06/2018
The main difficulties of growing
Stagnant water at the roots and high humidity along with cool weather can lead to the development of fungal infections that affect the stems and root area of the plant. In this case, the bush begins to shed its foliage. To avoid this, the soil near the plantings should be loosened more often, simultaneously removing the growing weeds. This will help the soil dry quickly and increase the flow of air to the roots. If the summer is rainy, preventive treatments with special preparations will help protect the plants from mold and putrefactive processes. If the bush has already begun to rot, it is planted in another place, having previously treated the roots with a disinfectant.
Dark spots on the green part of the plant may indicate the development of bacterial infections.
Too small flowers and slow growth of the trachelium in a pot may indicate a lack of space or lack of nutrition. The plant is transplanted into a more spacious container, and after a while they are fed.
A short flowering period, stretching of stems and tarnishing of leaves indicate a short day of light or an overly shady planting site.
Among garden pests, trachelium can be affected by aphids or spider mites. They are fought with the appropriate insecticides. The acquired trachelium bush is kept in quarantine for several days, checking whether it is infected or sick. You can additionally process it for preventive purposes.
Types and varieties of trachelium with a photo
Despite the fact that in nature there are only three main types of trachelium, breeders were able to create on their basis a number of decorative varieties that differ in color.
Trachelium blue (Trachelium caeruleum)
The only species suitable for mid-latitude cultivation. Sometimes called blue. The height of the bushes varies from 35 to 75 cm.The size of the lush inflorescences in diameter can be up to 15 cm.The most common hybrids are:
- Blue Veil - a bush with branched stems up to 60 cm high. Flowers have a pale violet color.
- Jemmy - bushes up to 80 cm in size. Differs in snow-white inflorescences.
- White Umbrella - weakly leafy bush with many shoots. The color of the flowers varies from white to pink, lilac or purple shades.
Jacquin's trachelium (Trachelium jacquinii)
A miniature variety, the maximum height of which does not exceed 35 cm, and the average is only about 20 cm.The length of the oblong serrated leaves with sharp tips is about 8 cm.The flowers, painted in shades of blue, are quite large - up to 1 cm in length. They form loose, rounded inflorescences.
Small plant about 25 cm tall, suitable for growing as a pot crop. Can be grown as an ampelous plant. In gardens, this variety is most often used in mixed flower beds, it is also suitable for cutting. On the lower part of the stems there are wide green leaves. The top is decorated with umbrella-shaped inflorescences. The species includes a number of hybrid varieties, differing in color of flowers. They can be pink and cherry color (Cream Pink, Purple Veil, Cherry Mist), white (White Veil) or blue-violet (Ultraviolet and Blue Haze).
Woodruff trachelium (Trachelium asperuloides)
The foliage is ovoid or oval in shape. The bushes reach a medium height. The size of lush inflorescences on average reaches 15 cm, but larger ones can also be found.
Application of the trachelium
Due to their decorative effect, tracheliums are often found in group plantings, as well as in rock gardens and rock gardens. You can use these plants as framing garden paths or the perimeter of your home. Combinations of varieties with flowers of different colors look especially impressive.
Bushes can be either planted directly into the ground or placed in flowerpots or containers. Trachelium flowers are also suitable for cutting. When creating bouquets, you should select inflorescences that have blossomed by no more than a third. Such branches will stand in the water for as long as possible. When buying a ready-made bouquet, you need to remove all the foliage from the stems, and the next day, cut them slightly. Spraying or adding nutrients to the water will help extend the life of beautiful flowers. Subject to all conditions, a trachelium bouquet can delight the eye for about two weeks.
Little helper: how to captivate children in the country
Do you remember how happy you were when you came to visit your grandmother in the village as a child? And now times are changing and it seems that the current generation of children is not in any way interested in a garden or a vegetable garden. But it’s worth a try, because it’s very exciting and also improves some important personal qualities in the child. He even needs to be taught to "dig in the ground" - this perfectly improves contact with nature, animals, with what life gives us. Gardening will help a child understand the value of work and teach them responsibility, patience, and independence.
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Land of great monarchs, gardens and detectives
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (abbreviated name - Great Britain) is an island country, which is considered the birthplace of parliamentary democracy, despite the fact that the form of government in the state itself is, albeit parliamentary, but still a monarchy. And this is not one interesting point, there are thousands of them.
More than 63 million people make up the entire population of the country. The British invented and gave the world football and golf, boxing and tennis, darts and badminton. It was they who brought tea from India and made it their traditional drink with a specific way of drinking. Few people have not heard about the classic evening ("five o'clock") tea and the whole etiquette of drinking - from served cookies to the manner of holding a cup and the topic of conversations.
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The capital of the United Kingdom is London - the center of the country in all aspects: political, cultural, scientific, economic, educational. Who hasn't heard of Cambridge or Oxford University? And what about the famous Globe Theater, where William Shakespeare also performed? The great playwright, whose works are still considered masterpieces and are included in the repertoire of any theater.
Ever since school, many of us dreamed of walking around Trafalgar Square, visiting Westminster Abbey with its famous Big Ben, the Tower of London, visiting the Sherlock Holmes museums, Madame Tussaud's wax figures and, of course, the Tate gallery of contemporary art. You can list the sights of Great Britain for a very long time, and talk about them even longer.
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Artistic bouquet on a decorative frame
The frame technique for making a bouquet is one of the most difficult and time consuming. But the result is very impressive. This was brilliantly demonstrated by the florist Zhanna Semenova, having created 8 creative compositions at the show at the Floreal Training Center.
When creating a frame bouquet, it is important not only to develop a concept for a future piece, but also to think over every step of its production. The composition is kept taking into account the nature of the flowers: you cannot take simultaneously protea, rose, anthurium, etc. The choice of flowers should correspond to the general concept of the bouquet and the character and texture of the frame. Only in this way will she acquire the necessary integrity and mood.
When working on frame bouquets, the use of glue is often required, but at the same time an important principle must be preserved: to work with floristic material, always use only special glue, and only work with non-natural material is normal PVA glue.
Flowers for frame bouquets require preparation: they are almost completely cleared of leaves, leaving only the inflorescence. Some stubborn flowers require pre-taping.
The frame for the first bouquet is made of soft long needles of Weymouth pine (Pinus strobus). The needles are attached to the cardboard base in the form of a ring with the help of double-sided tape and floral glue, then the wire frame, which is again covered with needles and stitched with wire. Above and below the frame is decorated with beautiful white floral paper that creates a winter mood. By the weight of the frame, it is easy to determine how many supports are required for the bouquet to maintain balance. In this case, the frame is quite heavy, so 7 supports are needed. The supports in this bouquet have not only a technical, but also a decorative function. The nervous texture of coniferous needles is balanced by calm peonies (Paeony), lisianthus (Lisianthus), pittosporum (Pittosporum), and their delicate pink and white tones are perfectly set off by bluish needles. Ivy shoots complete the composition, uniting it into a single whole. The needles retain their decorative qualities for a long time, therefore, replacing the flowers, you can experiment on it and come up with a completely different bouquet.
This frame consists of whitewashed twigs that are drilled and wired together. For roses or other significant flowers, such a frame is too rough, but for greenery and delicate spring flowers, it is very good. On a one-legged support we fix the bottom - a round cardboard, tinted in black, to match the color of the earth. We set the sprouted grass at the bottom, pierce the cardboard and insert buttercups (Ranunculus) yellow-red in color, reminiscent of chicken-pockmarked chickens. We glue the quail eggshells with floral glue. The result is a fresh and elegant Easter composition.
For the next composition, I used a frame made of branches, tinted black. Using floristic glue, we glue large sunflower seeds on it. We attach the halves of the pomegranate. A rigid frame feed dictates the use of exotic plants with rich colors. First, install the black calla lilies. Anthurium (Anthurium) we pre-temp to give the flower the desired position. Red roses "Grand Prix", bright pink nerine inflorescences (Nerine), pink sweet pea flowers (Lathyrus) dilute the dark tones of the composition. Since all flowers are without leaves, let's add some trachelium (Trachelium), greens of pittosporum (Pittosporum), cattail leaves (Thypha) and ivy shoots (Hedera).
The fourth composition uses a wire frame in the form of a flat cylinder. It must be carefully braided with cattail leaves. (Typha), so that the wire is not visible. The top can also be closed with cattail weave, but in this case, purple yarn is used. We close the central hole with a piece of floristic wire mesh and proceed with the placement of flowers - half-open pink peonies (Paeony), lilac blue hyacinths (Hyacinthus), white lisianthus (Lisyanthus), Nerina (Nerine), sweet pea (Lathyrus) and twigs of photinia (Photinia).
And one of those present aptly called this composition "Alpine Hill". The frame for it is made in the form of a tape consisting of pine needles stitched between two layers of paper. Outside, we decorate the surface of the white openwork floral boomay. We lay the tape in the form of a spiral and sew it with wire so that between the turns there are spaces of different shapes that will be filled with flowers. We pierce with a diametrically wire and attach white beads with a hot gun to the protruding ends. The frame is finished, and you can start decorating it with flowers. The Trachelium is ideal for this purpose. (Trachelium) - it is voluminous, airy, but not significant, will serve as a good filling. The main thing here is the hellebore (Heleborus), which is assigned the top of the composition, the pedestal.
The "openwork nest" for the next bouquet is made of curved willow branches. The shape of the frame dictates the use of plants with flexible stems. First, we install the shoots of scindapsus into it (Epipremnum) and ivy (Hedera), from which it is necessary to remove part of the leaves, since the vines evaporate too much moisture. We place orchids in the recess of the frame - phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis) and miltonidium (Miltonidium). On the outer part of the frame, thread the leaves of the cattail (Typha) and graceful white calla lilies (Zantedeschia). We complement the composition with pink sweet peas, which enhances the feeling of lightness. The flow of flowers in this bouquet is natural, all flowers are on live stems, they are not teppated.
The material for this unusual frame is pine needle sausages. Bergras is also suitable for their manufacture. (Bergras), in summer you can use cereals. We put bunches of needles (or grass) on a wire 1.5 mm thick and wrap with a thin wire, adding more layers. The length of the "sausages" is about 60 cm. We decorate the finished sausages with white mohair yarn. We give them a twisted shape and make a frame out of them, connecting together with pieces of wire. The ends of the "sausages" go up, where the flowers will be integrated, the middle will form a plane. To give the frame rigidity, we fix a round wire base on it, to which the thick wire supports are attached. We place flowers on the frame - first Buplerum (Buplerum) and trachelium (Trachelium) as fillers, then white tulips and lisianthuses (Lisianthus). Cover the bottom of the frame with short sprigs of buplerum. The effect of this composition is unexpected - white flowers and mohair tips of "sausages" make it airy and transparent, leaving not even a hint of a heavy frame. This technique is applicable to a wide variety of floral designs, including hats and dresses.
The last composition is based on a tapered wire frame. The rules of good taste in floristry require that the wire is not visible, so we wrap the frame with soft gray-beige yarn, including the top. Then we tightly braid it with cattail leaves (Typha), giving the look of a basket. We fasten the leaves together with floral glue. The very shape of the frame dictates the theme of the composition - you want to fill it with flowers and fruits. First, we wrap the basket with lashes of maiden grapes (or other vines) and ivy shoots. We also surround the opening for the bouquet with a bunch of vines. Place flowers in the center of the composition - roses "Grand Prix", green chrysanthemums "Anastasia Green", white Alstroemeria (Alstremeria), a couple of nerine inflorescences (Nerine), a little bit of buplerum (Buplerum). Since there is a basket, there must be abundance, so we add fruits - green apples and apple peel spirals.
When the bouquet on the frame is ready, cut the stems at the same level, while making the “legs” of the frame a little shorter than the flowers. When placing bouquets in a vase, we maintain the water level 2 cm below the place of the bundle.
Trachelium blue (Trachelium caeruleum)
elongated, serrated at apex, sessile, opposite
simple, durable, leafy, 35-75 cm high
flowers are very small, with a delicate aroma
large corymbose flat inflorescences 7-15 cm in diameter
one third of the flowers must be dissolved
Nobody has created threads yet
Do you believe in garden fairies? Someone, after reading, will smile, and some will think and mentally plunge into the world of childhood and fantasy. And I .
A multi-tiered vegetation plant "Fitopyramida" has been created, a kind of vertical hydroponic farm for growing.
Interesting facts about flowers
Flowers - a holiday of the heart
Bright and colorful, exciting and sophisticated - flowers have long been an integral part of our daily life. It is impossible to imagine a holiday without this gift. There is no sweeter and more eloquent way to express your emotions and feelings. Roses and lilies, chrysanthemums and gerberas, tulips and orchids, fresh and indoor flowers always symbolize gratitude and attention.
Of course, today we take bouquets and compositions for granted, without thinking about the meaning of flowers or the etiquette of their donation. Least of all we think about any symbols encrypted in them. However, we are sure that you will be curious to know a few unusual facts about the colors we are used to. So, we have collected the most interesting things about flowers for you.
8 interesting facts about flowers
- For the first time flowers were grown in ancient Egypt 4000 years ago. Since then, they have begun their solemn march around the world.
- In the Middle Ages, flower cultivation and gardening was a revered and very important occupation. Disrespect for this occupation was punishable by public flogging and even cutting off the hands.
- The fastest growing flower is the tulip. In a day, he can grow as much as 2 cm! It is interesting that today Holland is considered the birthplace of these flowers. However, it is not. Tulips were brought there only in the 16th century. It was this flower that was the coat of arms of the Turkish sultans of the Ottoman Empire and until now is considered a symbol of Turkey.
- Peonies are sacred flowers in China. It is believed that this flower is able to expel evil spirits from the dwelling.
- But the chrysanthemum is considered the symbol of Japan. In honor of her, all sorts of holidays are arranged, because this is an imperial flower!
- The favorite flower of the Swiss is edelweiss.
- Poppy has long been considered a symbol of fertility and ... dreams. According to legend, Morpheus puts people to sleep by touching them with a poppy flower. Because, probably, it is not strange that the most powerful sleeping pills were previously prepared from poppy and milk.
- Tourists noticed a very interesting feature in Ireland: only white flowers are planted near the houses of Catholics, and orange flowers are planted on the lawns of Protestants.
It is interesting!
- The oldest flower in the world- a rose that blooms near one of the cathedrals in Germany. It is already 1000 years old!
- The most expensive flower in the worldIs a golden orchid. She begins to bloom only after 15 years of her life, and the cost of such beauty hovers around $ 5,000.
Did you know that.
- A wedding bouquet in England most often consists of pansies or forget-me-nots.
- Orchids of all colors of the rainbow, except blue, exist on the planet. Scientists have been trying to breed this variety for a long time, but to no avail. I have to paint :)
- The primrose is capable. predict volcanic eruptions! So, scientists have observed the fact that the royal primrose on the island of Java blooms only before the eruption of the volcano.
Flowers are not just beautiful plants, they are also indicators of many factors. For example, some flowers grow only on a certain soil, and some are even ... a designation for treasures! With the help of the peculiarities of colors, in China, scientists were able to discover deposits of copper, and in America - underground sources of silver!
Many myths, legends and legends say that if hazel or mountain ash grows nearby, then precious stones may be hidden in the roots of these trees. Braided and tangled roots of fir, spruce, or pine may indicate gold is hidden underneath.
These are the flowers unknown and familiar to us, sometimes concealing the most unexpected surprises! Plus, it's the perfect gift for all occasions. And you can always choose a bouquet that suits you here.
Many gardeners answer the question "how to fertilize roses in spring" unequivocally - with mineral fertilizers. After such dressings, the flowers grow faster, and after cutting they can stand in a vase for a long time and not wither. Also, after mineral dressing, roses can more easily tolerate temperature extremes and other stressful situations, even in the open air. More mature rose bushes are especially fond of mineral fertilizing, while the roses of last year's planting prefer organic matter.
As we have already noted, it is important to apply fertilizers with nitrogen content in early spring. For such feeding, you can take ammonium sulfate or ammonium nitrate. In order for a rose to bloom several times per season, it needs nitrogen throughout the spring and in the first half of summer. No less important in spring is phosphorus, which helps the development of the root system. The best fertilizers will be superphosphate, colloidal phosphate, bone meal.
In early spring, when you freed the bush from shelter and it began to wake up, you can use a complex mineral fertilizer, for example, nitrophoska. For a working solution for 10 liters of water, add 15–20 g of the preparation and water the bush.
If in the spring the bush has faded for the first time, it can be fed with liquid fertilizers and ash. And if the bush grows poorly or does not grow foliage and buds, you can spray it with sodium humate.
When buying complex fertilizers, choose those that indicate that they are suitable specifically for spring or spring-summer feeding. Such fertilizers contain not only essential nutrients, but also trace elements that the rose needs.
Even the smallest garden can be decorated with beautiful rose bushes. But in order for the flowers to turn out lush, you need to properly care for the rose throughout the season and nourish not only in summer, but also starting in early spring. Do not neglect top dressing. A rose spends a lot of energy on development, and if it is not fed, flowering may not come at all. In the choice of fertilizing for the best result, it is advisable to combine different types of fertilizers and methods of their application. All types of dressings complement each other well, so you shouldn't concentrate on just one.