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Plum Pamyat Timiryazev: a late variety for delicious preparations

 Plum Pamyat Timiryazev: a late variety for delicious preparations


Plum Pamyat Timiryazev is known among gardeners for good yield and tasty fruits. Despite its sensitivity to frost, the culture has a high regenerative capacity, and the plant quickly recovers.

Description of the plum Memory Timiryazev

Memory of Timiryazev - a late variety of domestic selection

Variety Pamyat Timiryazeva (aka Timiryazevskaya) was developed by breeders V.A.Efimov, S.N. Satarov and Kh. K. Enikeev by crossing Skorospelka and Victoria plums. In 1959, it was entered in the State Register and zoned for the Middle Volga and Central regions. This plum is widespread in the Moscow region. The variety is late, the first fruits can be removed only by the end of August.

Characteristic features of the variety:

  1. The tree is of medium size, its height is about 3 m. The crown is bushy, has a rounded shape. Leafiness and thickening are average.
  2. The shoots are covered with pubescence, colored light brown. The kidneys are small.
  3. Leaves are light green in color, obovate. The upper side of the plates is wrinkled, without pubescence.
  4. The petiole is short. Bowl-shaped flowers. Ovaries are formed on bouquet branches and annual shoots.
  5. Fruits of medium size, reaching 20–22 g, have a rounded slightly elongated shape with a subtle abdominal suture. The main color of the plums is yellow; when exposed to sunlight, they acquire a red blush with subcutaneous dots. Fruits are covered with a slight waxy coating without pubescence.
  6. The pulp is dense, grainy, yellow in color. The taste is sweet and sour. The juiciness is rated as average. A characteristic aroma is felt, but it is weakly expressed. The tasting score reaches 4.2 points out of 5.
  7. The length of the peduncle is average. The separation from the plum is dry. The stone is oval in shape, its mass is 5.5% of the weight of the fruit.

Drought resistance and frost resistance of Pamyati Timiryazev are average, but this variety has a high regenerative capacity.

Advantages and disadvantages

The variety is distinguished by good fruit quality, abundant and stable yield.

The variety has many advantages that far exceed the number of disadvantages.

Table: strengths and weaknesses of the variety

Benefitsdisadvantages
Good taste characteristics of the fruitWeak frost resistance
Resistant to transportationHigh susceptibility to damage by spider mites
Self-fertility
High yield (up to 35 kg)Weak drought tolerance
Resistance to fruit rot and clasterosporium disease
High recovery ability

Landing features

For planting plums, you need a wind-protected area with light soil.

Plum Timiryazev's memory is self-fertile. However, for abundant fruiting, it is advisable to use pollinators, for example, Ripe red or Hungarian. The plum should grow in a well-lit area. Given the low frost resistance of this culture, it is better to plant it near buildings or fences. This will protect the tree from the winds. But the distance between the building and the drain should be at least 4 m. If you place the plant near a brick wall, this will help create an additional source of heating for it.

Important! Plums are not recommended to be placed in a shaded place, this will lead to a decrease in the number of fruits, as well as a decrease in their sugar content.

This culture develops well on loamy and sandy loam soils, but heavy clay soil is not suitable for it. There should be no stagnation of moisture on the site. Groundwater should not rise above 1.5 m from the surface. Plum can be planted on a hill or plain, but choosing lowlands for this crop is not worth it. The acidity of the soil should be close to neutral: pH 6.5–7.

Plum of this variety is recommended to be planted in spring in mid-April. By this time, the earth will warm up well, and the tree will have time to get stronger before the onset of autumn frosts.

It is advisable to purchase seedlings in specialized nurseries.

To pick up a healthy seedling, you should be guided by the following rules.

  1. It should be a one-year or two-year-old plant with a height of 1–1.4 m with a trunk diameter of 1.2–1.5 cm and a stem of 40–50 cm.
  2. The length of the branches can reach 15-30 cm, and the root system - 25-30 cm. A two-year-old tree must have a main guide and three or four shoots.
  3. You also need to pay attention to the condition of the roots. There should be no growths on them.
  4. The number of roots of a high-quality seedling reaches three to four pieces.

Video: tips for choosing a good seedling

The plum planting process takes place in the following sequence:

  1. They begin to prepare the pit in the fall (if you plan to plant several trees at once, leave a distance of 3 m between them). For plums, dig a hole 80 cm wide and 50-60 cm deep.
  2. The top layer of soil up to 30 cm thick is mixed with 10 kg of rotted manure, 100 g of potassium sulfate, 500 g of ash and 250 g of double superphosphate. First, 2-3 buckets of water are poured into the pit.
  3. When the moisture is absorbed, a fertile mixture is poured in the form of a mound. A peg is driven in at a distance of 20 cm from the middle (it is removed only after 2 years).
  4. Then a plum is placed in the pit, the root collar of which should exceed the surface by 5–6 cm. The tree is covered with soil, then tamped to avoid voids.
  5. An annular groove with a diameter of 30 cm is dug around the seedling and 20 liters of water are poured into it.
  6. The near-trunk area is mulched with organic material.
  7. The plum is fixed to the support using a soft twine.

Video: recommendations for planting plums

Plant care

Variety Pamyat Timiryazeva is quite sensitive to growing conditions, therefore, attention should be paid to caring for the planted tree.

Watering rates and terms

Watering is an integral step in plum care

Variety Pamyat Timiryazeva does not tolerate a lack of watering. Therefore, the tree is moistened at least six times per season. And in hot and dry weather, watering is carried out every two weeks. Water should be fed into the holes, which are dug out according to the projection of the crown. After the end of the procedure, the grooves are filled up, and the soil around the plum is loosened to a depth of 6–8 cm and mulched with humus, sawdust, dry soil, manure or peat.

Table: tree watering scheme

PeriodConsumption
After flowering40-60 l
At the stage of ovary formation
2 weeks after the previous watering
When pouring fruit
After collecting plums
In September or early October150-250 l

Fertilization

Timiryazev's memory begins to be fertilized from the age of 2

Feeding plums is an important step in crop care. It should be borne in mind that the norms of nutrients and their type depend on the age of the tree.

Table: features of feeding plums

YearApplication timeNutrientsNutrient solution rate per plant
Unfertile tree
Second yearIn early June2 tbsp. l. Rosa preparation or urea per 10 liters of water10 l
After 3 weeks from the previous feeding
Third yearIn the first decade of May20 g of superphosphate and potassium sulfate or 30 g of sodium humate per 10 l30 l
Fruiting plum
Annually throughout the life of the treeBefore flowering2 tbsp. urea or nutrient Effekton per 10 l30-35 l
At the stage of fruit formation3 tbsp. drug Effekton or nitrofoski for 10 liters20 l
After collecting plums2 tbsp. potassium sulfate or potassium chloride, 3 tbsp. superphosphate per 10 l
Throughout the summerFertilizers are applied in the near-stem zone during looseningA bucket of organics is mixed with a glass of chalk or dolomite flour

Crown formation

Forming the crown will allow you to get a better crop

Twice a year, the tree is pruned, which involves thinning the crown and giving it the required shape. This procedure ensures uniform illumination of all branches, which has a positive effect on the yield.

The pruning scheme is as follows:

  1. After planting, 8-10 strongest branches are selected in the crown, growing at an angle of 45 °, and cut to a third of their length. The rest of the shoots are completely removed. The main conductor is supported 20 cm above the lateral branches.
  2. Subsequently, the increments are annually shortened by a third. In addition, the central shoot is cut off and all branches located inside the crown or in the upper direction are removed. Sick, broken, intertwined and dry shoots are also removed.
  3. In spring, the procedure is performed in the last days of March or early April, and in autumn in October.
  4. When the length of the growth decreases to 20 cm, it is necessary to start rejuvenating the plum. The branches are cut above the level of the nearest lateral branch for two or three year old wood.
  5. With the subsequent weakening of the gains, the shortening is intensified. Plum is pruned to four-year-old wood.

Video: master class on pruning a young tree

Places damaged in the process of pruning are covered with garden varnish, which you can buy or make yourself. It is prepared from beeswax, rosin, linseed oil and crushed charcoal (4: 20: 1: 2).

Video: Practical Tips for Cropping

Preparing for winter

The shelter of the plum tree will allow it to comfortably endure the winter.

Plum is susceptible to growing conditions. To protect the tree from frost, you need to properly prepare it for the winter period:

  1. The procedure begins with harvesting plant residues.
  2. Further, water-charging irrigation and soil digging are carried out.
  3. The trunk and skeletal branches are whitewashed to help prevent pest attacks. To prepare the solution, you need to mix 2 kg of lime, 1 tbsp. carbolic acid, 300 g of copper sulfate and 10 liters of water. The resulting solution is recommended to be applied in two layers.
  4. Also, the trunk and the base of the branches should be wrapped in burlap, paper or other soft material.

Possible diseases and pests

When growing plums in Memory of Timiryazev, special attention should be paid to the prevention of the appearance of spider mites. This pest can cause serious damage to the plant.

Important! A plum infected with a spider mite can completely lose its crop.

Table: diseases characteristic of the variety

DiseaseManifestationsTreatment methodsPrevention
Scab
  1. Brown spots form on plums and leaves.
  2. The fruits stop developing and dry up.
  3. Leaves curl up and crumble.
Processing during the budding period, after the flowers have fallen off and after fruiting with a solution of copper oxychloride (40 g per bucket of water).
  1. Spring and autumn digging of soil to a depth of 15–20 cm.
  2. Burning fallen leaves.
Rust
  1. Rounded spots appear on the leaves, resembling rust.
  2. Affected plates fall off prematurely.
  1. Before and after flowering, spraying the tree with copper oxychloride (40 g per 5 l).
  2. After harvest, apply 1% Bordeaux liquid.
Cleansing the trunk circle from leaves.
Coccomycosis
  1. The leaves are covered with small spots of yellow or brown color.
  2. On the back, pink fungal spores appear.
  3. The leaves turn yellow and fall off.
  4. The fruits dry out in an immature state.
The use of copper oxychloride or Bordeaux liquid at the stage of the appearance of green buds, after flowering and after harvesting.
Root cancer
  1. A typical manifestation of the disease is the presence of growths on the roots and root collar.
  2. The tree stops developing.
  3. Diseased seedlings do not take root well or die.
The affected tree is destroyed.
  1. Introduction of organic matter into the soil.
  2. Disinfection of garden tools with a solution of 40% formalin (100 ml per 5 liters of water).

Diseases typical for culture in the photo

Video: master class on making Bordeaux liquid

Table: plum pests

PestsSigns of defeatControl methodsPreventive measures
Plum miteSmall growths form on the surface of shoots and leaves.Spraying after flowering with colloidal sulfur (80 g per 10 l of water). If the pests could not be destroyed, after 10 days, re-treatment is carried out.Pruning and burning all damaged shoots.
Moth
  1. The pest gnaws holes in the pulp of the fruit, as a result of which the development of plums stops.
  2. They then turn purple and fall off.
Application in June of Chlorophos solution (25 g per 10 l).
  1. Destruction of fallen leaves.
  2. Digging up the soil.
Slimy sawflyThe larvae eat up leaf tissue, of which only veins remain.Treatment when a pest appears with Karbofos (60 g per 10 l).Digging up the soil under the drain, which contributes to the destruction of larvae.

Photo gallery: tree-infesting insects

Harvesting and storage

Plums Memory Timiryazeva are suitable for baking, desserts, drinks and jams

Fruiting of plums Timiryazev's memory begins in the third or fourth year after planting. The yield varies from 15 to 35 kg per tree. Plums ripen from late August to September. In the process of harvesting, the fruits must be dry, therefore they are not removed after precipitation or in the morning when dew persists on the tree.

Important! When collecting fruits, it is advisable to preserve as much as possible the wax coating, which has a protective function.

For storage or transportation, the crop is put in boxes in 3-4 layers. At a temperature of 5 ° C and a humidity of 85–90%, plums can stay for four to five weeks. The fruits can be placed in sealed plastic bags, this will extend the storage period up to two months. Do not store plums at 0 °C, this will lead to a discoloration of the pulp, which becomes brown.

Timiryazev's memory is a universal variety. Plums are frozen, consumed fresh, they are used to make jams, marmalades, compotes, preserves, and baking stuffing.

Gardeners reviews

With proper care of the plum, Timiryazev's memory will bring bountiful harvests annually. But in order to achieve this result, it is necessary to take into account the sensitivity of this variety to low temperatures. And also pay attention to pest prevention.


Plum Yakhontovaya will yield a harvest of sweet gems

When choosing a plum for your garden, you need to be very careful - most of them are not highly winter-hardy and are not adapted for the harsh conditions of central Russia. You won't go wrong if you opt for the Yakhontova plum. It is zoned for the Central region, has a high yield, drought resistance and many other advantages.


Description and distinctive features of Eurasia plum variety

Plum Eurasia belongs to home varieties. The tree is large, grows up to 5-6 m. The crown is semi-spreading, moderately thickened. The trunk and branches are covered with brown-gray bark. Leaves are dark green, large, oblong in shape. Small denticles are located along the edges of the plates, the apex is pointed. Eurasia is a hybrid variety resistant to severe frost

The fruits are round in shape, painted in a blue-burgundy color and covered with a waxy coating. Their weight reaches 25–35 g. The pulp is juicy, with a friable fleshy structure. Colored in yellow-orange, has a sweet and sour taste and a characteristic plum aroma. The stone is flattened, it is difficult to separate from the pulp. Plums contain:

  • 2.7% acids
  • 7.02% sugars
  • 14.6% dry components.

Eurasia is characterized by high winter hardiness... It can withstand temperatures as low as -20 ° C, while for other varieties of home plums, a mark below -10 ° is a serious danger. Good reproduction of this culture is noted by the method of cuttings. At the same time, successful rooting reaches 70%. Many new varieties are being created on the basis of Eurasia.

Important! The culture is used as a clonal and frost-resistant seed stock, as well as for stem formation when growing varieties with damaged bark.


Landing features

Further growth and fruiting depend on the correct planting of plums. The composition and moisture content of the soil on the site are preliminarily assessed.

Recommended timing

The time for planting the Yakhontovaya plum is chosen taking into account the climate in the region. If there is a risk of early autumn frosts, then the work is left for the spring. The plum is planted when the soil warms up, but the leaves have not yet blossomed. In the southern regions, planting is carried out in the fall, when the trees have shed their foliage.

Choosing the right place

The place for growing plums Yakhontovaya is chosen taking into account a number of factors:

  • constant lighting
  • south or west side of the site
  • light drained soil
  • lack of stagnation of moisture in the soil.

The culture prefers drained fertile soils. The tree should not be located in lowlands where moisture accumulates. Plum is best suited to a plain or area with a slight slope.

What crops can and cannot be planted nearby

Plums are planted in groups of 2-3 different varieties. A distance of 3 m is maintained between trees. The culture does not take root well if pear, cherry and sweet cherry grow nearby. Neighborhood with apple, raspberry and currant is allowed.

Selection and preparation of planting material

For planting, one-year-old seedlings of the Yakhontovaya variety are chosen with a height of about 50 cm and a shoot thickness of 2.5 mm. They are purchased from a nursery or garden center.

Landing algorithm

Work begins with the preparation of a pit, which is filled with earth and left to settle. The aging period is 1–2 months. When planting in spring, the foundation pit is dug in the fall. If you plant a plant immediately, then after the soil subsides, the seedling will be damaged.

The procedure for planting home plum Yakhontovaya:

  1. First, a pit is made 0.6x0.6 m in size to a depth of 0.7 m.
  2. Fertile soil is mixed with humus, 190 g of superphosphate and 80 g of potassium salt are added.
  3. The earth is poured into the pit.
  4. When the soil settles, they begin to prepare the seedling. The earth is poured into the pit, a plum is placed on top.
  5. The roots of the tree are straightened and covered with fertile soil.
  6. The soil is compacted, and the seedling is moistened with warm water.


Landing features

The variety is zoned for the Central and Middle Volga regions of Russia. Here, the optimal time for planting plums is mid-April. Then, during the summer season, the tree will get stronger and survive the winter without loss.

For other regions of the country, it is necessary to focus on the weather conditions. It is necessary to choose a time when the earth has already thawed, but the sap flow has not yet begun.

For plums of this variety, it is necessary to select a site with light and fertile sandy loam or loam. The place should be well-lit by the sun's rays, protected from the wind, with a groundwater level of about 2-3 m. The soil is prepared in the autumn - it must be dug up, weeds pulled out. Then they dig a hole 70 cm deep, 80 cm wide.The top layer is laid separately, and then fertilizers are applied:

  • 10-15 kg of rotted manure
  • 250 g double superphosphate
  • 0.5 kg ash
  • 100 g of potassium sulfate.

At the bottom of the pit, you can place 300 g of ground eggshell (it will be a source of calcium), and pour a mixture of soil and fertilizer on top.

Step by step process

  1. In the pit, after a bit from the center, a stake is installed, which will be a support for the tree (the peg should be on the north side of the seedling).

The peg will serve as a support for the still weak trunk

Before planting, the pits are watered with 20-30 liters of water

When planting, the ground needs to be compacted

The deepening of the neck leads to the fact that the tree grows slowly, the bark in the lower part of the trunk underpins, the plum begins to bear fruit late.

Although Timiryazev's memory is considered self-fertile, planting nearby plum trees of the varieties Vengerka Moskovskaya or Skorospelka Krasnaya will increase the yield. The distance between crops should be about 3 m.


Plum follow-up care

The fertility and productivity of a tree of this variety directly depends on proper care. It includes several activities:

  • timely pruning
  • watering
  • feeding
  • preparing for winter
  • protection against rodents.

The fight against various diseases and pests is no less important.

The description of the Eurasia plum tells about the intensive growth of its branches. That is why, from time to time, the crown needs pruning.

There are several types of it.

  1. The first time to cut branches should be in September. The main stem of the plum should be shortened by 2/3, and the side shoots by 1/3. This will help form a beautiful crown in the future.
  2. Summer pruning involves shortening the shoots by 20 cm.
  3. In autumn and winter, it is necessary to remove old branches, as well as those that are damaged by insects and diseases.

The lack of moisture negatively affects the health of the Eurasia 21 plum variety, therefore, special attention should be paid to watering the tree. But do not get too carried away, because excess moisture leads to yellow leaves and death of young shoots.

The frequency of watering and the amount of water directly depends on the age of the plant and precipitation:

  • young people need 40 liters of water once every 10 days
  • adults 60 liters 1 time in 14 days.

Wet soil around the trunk must be loosened each time.

Top dressing should be carried out starting from 3 years after planting the seedling. Until that time, he has enough fertilizer laid in the pit.

"Eurasia" is fed 4 times a year:

  • before the plum blooms, you need to fertilize the soil with 1 tbsp. l. ammonium nitrate
  • during flowering, you will need 10 liters of water, 2 tbsp. l. potassium sulfate, 2 tbsp. l. urea
  • when tying fruits for feeding, you need to take 10 liters of water and 3 tbsp. l. nitroammophoska
  • after harvesting, 3 tbsp is applied to the soil. l. superphosphate.

All fertilizers are designed for 1 m 2.

Due to the good frost resistance of the Eurasia 21 plum, it does not require special preparations for the cold. But some actions are still worth taking:

  • remove dead bark and moss
  • apply a mixture of water, copper sulphate, lime and wood glue to the cleaned areas of the trunk
  • wrap the barrel with paper or burlap.

The Eurasia 21 plum will be protected from rodents by spruce branches, polymer mesh and a piece of cloth moistened with turpentine or mint oil.


Plum Kuban dwarf variety description

disadvantages: insufficiently large fruit.

Regions in which this variety Plum is home, the Kuban dwarf, reveals to the maximum all its fruitful abilities

Variety characteristics:

Properties of the Kubansky Dwarf variety:

Recommended region on the map:

Information on admission Plum home Kuban Dwarf from the Register of the State Sort Commission of the Russian Federation

Application for admission No. 18744, registered 1983-12-07. The variety Plum home Kuban Dwarf was included in the list of approved in 1998. Approved for use in the regions: North Caucasian.

The originator of the variety Plum home Kuban Dwarf is:

  • BRANCH CRIMEAN OSS VIR
    (353384, KRASNODAR KRAI, KRYMSK-4, VAVILOVA ST., 12)

Other plant varieties Plum home

Selection of varieties
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Plum Kuban dwarf variety description

Wood medium-sized, up to 3.5 m in height, hundred-shaped (oval-spherical), up to 3-3.5 m in width. The stem is light gray or light brown, smooth or slightly rough. The main branches extend from the trunk at an angle of 30-50 °, rather erect. The bark is gray-brown, smooth or slightly rough, longitudinally uncracking. Shoots slightly curved, greenish-brownish, up to 30-40 cm long, with internodes 2.5-4 cm, not pubescent. Buds are medium in size, weakly compressed or somewhat lagging behind the shoot, brownish, 1-2-3 per node. Leaves are oblong-obovate, slightly concave, medium-sized (7-9 cm long and 4-5 cm wide), green, glossy, of medium thickness, glabrous above, slightly pubescent below along the central and lateral veins, the leaf edge is single-serrate, the apex is pointed, and the base is wedge-shaped. The petiole is 17-19 mm long, green with anthocyanin and 1-2 glands, stipules are corymbose, 7-9 mm. Flowers are medium-open (type 2), petals are wide-oval, corolla diameter 24-26 mm, number of stamens 23-25, stigma of pistil 2-3 mm higher than anthers, ovary ovary, not pubescent, calyx-shaped or cup-shaped, pedicel 17-22 mm , not pubescent. Flowering and fruiting is mainly concentrated on biennial and perennial wood (second type).

Fruit rounded-oval or ovoid, weighing up to 15-20 g, 35 mm long, 30 mm wide and 28 mm thick. The main color is pink-red, the integumentary crimson-violet, occupies most of the fruit. Pubescence is absent. The wax bloom is bluish, medium. The fruits are uneven. The apex is slightly pointed, somewhat curved, the base is rounded, the funnel is of medium depth, the abdominal suture is moderately developed. The pulp is yellow, in the air it darkens medium, granular fibrous, medium density and juiciness. The skin is thin, easy to remove. Peduncle 17-22 mm. The stone is elongated-ovate (oblong), with a pointed, somewhat curved cone, medium size (24 x 14 x 9 mm, weight 1-1.3 g), makes up 5-6% of the fruit weight, rough, well separated from the pulp.

Fruits of satisfactory taste, sour-sweet, slightly aromatic, contain 8.5% sugars, 13.6% dry matter, 2.1% acids, 1.08% pectin substances, 0.16% tannins and dyes, 8.4 mg / 100g of ascorbic acid. Fruits ripen at different times, when ripe they crumble. They are used fresh and for processing: when canning, they give products of low quality. In a cool room, the fruits can be stored for up to 25 days.

Blooms in the second half of May. The fruits ripen in the second half of August - early September (depending on the growing area). Shoot plants begin to bear fruit at 6-7 years, and grafted plants - at 3-4 years after planting in the garden. Durability - up to 20-25 years.

The trees are winter-hardy - they can withstand frosts up to 35-38 ° C. Flower buds are less resistant to frost, especially in the second half of winter. Plants are rather unpretentious, but they grow poorly and bear fruit on heavy waterlogged soil. The variety is propagated by budding and root shoots. Plants are slightly affected by diseases and pests (aphids are most harmful to them).

The variety is widely used in breeding as a maternal and paternal form. On its basis, more than 30 new varieties have been created, including: Hungarian Severnaya, Dubovchanka, Volzhskaya Krasavitsa, Mirnaya, Renklod Tambovsky, Iskra, Pamyat Timiryazeva, Severyanka, Record, etc.

disadvantages varieties: non-simultaneous ripening and shedding of fruits, low quality of fresh fruits and products of their processing, the need for pollinating varieties.

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Plum Memory Timiryazev: description and characteristics of the variety, advantages and disadvantages, planting and care features with photos and reviews

Plum in Memory of Timiryazev is the most widespread variety in our gardens. And it is not surprising, because the tree has many advantages: it is not afraid of drought, rarely gets sick, quickly recovers when freezing in cold winters and brings abundant harvests every year.

Characteristics of the plum variety Pamyati Timiryazev

The plum was bred by crossing the varieties Victoria and Skorospelka red. Included in the State Register since 1959 in the Central and Middle Volga regions.

Plum Pamyat Timiryazev is a tree about 3 m high with a rounded, medium leafy crown, slightly drooping. Light brown shoots are pubescent. The tree blooms and bears fruit on annual shoots and bouquet twigs. Light green large leaves are smooth on the upper side, pubescent on the bottom. The edge of the leaf plate is finely toothed. The flowers are white.

Plum variety Timiryazev's memory is distinguished by large fruits

Berries are oval, large, weighing up to 30 g, bright yellow with a reddish barrel. The skin is smooth, with a slight waxy coating. The pulp is yellow, firm, not too juicy, sweet and sour.

Tasting score - 4.2 points. The peduncle is short and thick. The berries fall off weakly, do not crack. The stone is small, easily separated from the pulp. The separation of the fruit from the stalk is dry. High transportability.

A variety of universal use.

The variety belongs to late-ripening plums. The tree begins to bloom in mid-May, and ripen at the end of August. Begins fruiting at the age of 4 years. The longevity of plants is 21 years. The variety is self-fertile.

Breaks in fruiting occur due to severe freezing of the buds at -33 ° C frost and temperature jumps. The yield is high - 35 kg per tree. It is slightly affected by diseases (by 1.5 points), by pests - moderately (2.5–3 points).

Propagated by shoots and grafting.

Plums of this variety ripen at the end of August.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of the variety include:

  • high yield
  • self-fertility
  • resistance to clasterosporium disease and fruit rot
  • the ability to quickly recover from freezing
  • great berry taste
  • good transportability.

Of the minuses, it can be noted:

  • insufficient winter hardiness
  • strong damage by mites.

Plum planting rules

The durability of trees and productivity largely depend on the correct determination of the place for the plum garden and the choice of seedlings.

The place for plums is chosen on the warm slopes of the southeast and west, well lit. The site must be protected from winds, so it is preferable to plant a tree near a shed or fence at a distance of 4 m. It is important that buildings or other trees do not obscure the plum. In the shade, the plants stretch out, the fruits will not be so sweet, the yield will decrease.

Plum in Memory of Timiryazev hates shading

The culture is moisture-loving, but drought-resistant. Does not tolerate excess moisture. With a close occurrence of groundwater, they fill up the earth with a layer of 50 cm, make drainage grooves.

Plum is not as demanding on the composition of the soil as other fruit trees, but it grows better on sandy loam and loamy soils. It develops poorly on lands with high acidity. Therefore, when planting in the ground under the sink, 500 g of lime must be added, regardless of the area of ​​the land.

Plum of Memory Timiryazev does not require pollinators, but for better fruit setting, it is recommended to plant cherry plum or other types of plums nearby at a distance of 4–5 m.

The Timiryazev memory plum is not very frost-resistant, therefore it is planted in the spring, when the ground warms up, but the buds have not yet blossomed. When planting in autumn, plants do not always take root, it is better not to risk it. In the south of the country, you can plant plums in early autumn. Plants with a closed root system are planted throughout the season.

Seedlings with a closed root system are planted all season

The plot is prepared 2-3 weeks before planting: they dig it up, apply fertilizers. Chalk or dolomite flour is added to acidic soil in the amount of 0.6–0.8 kg / m2 of crushed substance.

Selection of plum seedlings

Seedlings should be purchased only in garden centers or nurseries, where they are controlled and have certificates of variety and age. Plants must be grafted. The grafting site is clearly visible - thickening and curvature above the root collar by 5 cm.

You should not buy plants older than 3 years in the hope of getting a harvest faster. Often, the roots of large-sized plants are chopped off, they take a long time to take root and will not give a harvest soon. A 1-2-year-old seedling should have roots 30 cm long, without damage and growth, with a central shoot 1.5 m high and flexible branches.

It is better to purchase 1–2-year-old seedlings with a height of 1.5 m

The best planting material is most often found in the fall. In this case, the purchased seedlings are added dropwise until spring. In a sheltered place in the garden, plants are laid in a groove 50 cm deep at an angle, almost horizontally, and the roots and a third of the trunk are covered with earth. To protect against rodents, be sure to cover the top with spruce branches with needles up. Saplings are dug out before planting.

Landing holes are dug 60 cm deep, 90 cm wide, 3 m apart. The surface layer of the soil is mixed with peat (1 bucket), humus (1 bucket), superphosphate (200 g) potassium sulfate (45 g), ash (200 g). Nitrogen is not added.

Plum planting step by step

  1. A fertile mixture is poured onto the bottom and crushed eggshells are placed - this is very useful for plums.
  2. A stake with a height of 80 cm is installed on the side.
  3. A seedling is lowered into the center.

The seedling is lowered into a hole, the roots are straightened

  • Spread the roots in different directions.
  • They fall asleep with fertile soil, shaking the plant so that there are no voids left, they are tamped. The root collar should be 5 cm above the soil level.

    After planting, the earth must be compacted.

    Make a circular watering hole, add 2 buckets of water.

    After planting, the seedling is watered abundantly

  • The stem is tied to a support for proper tree formation.
  • The trunk circle is mulched with sawdust with a layer of 8 cm.
  • In the first year, it is better to cut off most of the flowers - this way the plum will take root faster. Also, when a tree enters fruiting, it is recommended to normalize the harvest: remove some of the small green berries. This will make the rest of the fruit larger and sweeter.

    The plum tree is one of the most unpretentious, but the quality of the harvest will depend on its care. In the spring, immediately after the snow melts, the topsoil is loosened. During the season, it is necessary to remove weeds around the tree, loosen and mulch the soil. To protect against sunburn in autumn and spring, tree trunks should be whitewashed.

    Top dressing

    In the first year, seedlings are not fertilized. They have enough nutrients embedded in the soil during planting. To stimulate growth, it is useful to spray the tree with Epin-extra solution every 10-12 days.

    In the second year of planting, in the spring, urea is introduced (45 g10 l), when the fruits ripen - nitrophoska (3 tablespoons 10 l). After harvesting, you need to feed the tree with potassium sulfate (30 g) and superphosphate (30 g), in late autumn - with rotted manure. It is necessary to feed the plum annually, especially on poor soils.

    Plum is fed annually - the amount of the crop depends on it

    In the aisles, you can plant siderates - mustard, phacelia, winter rye. Mowed and embedded in soil, they turn into fertilizers and can easily replace manure.

    You can feed the plum, especially before setting the fruit, and bread kvass: water is poured into a bucket filled with 34 bread crusts. Allow the mixture to ferment for a week, dilute with water 1: 3 and pour 1 liter under each tree.

    Plum instantly reacts to the lack of trace elements. From a lack of potassium, the leaves turn yellow. You can help the tree by irrigating the crown with a solution of ammonium nitrate (20 g) and urea (50 g). A lack of potassium causes browning and curling of the leaves, and a lack of magnesium causes darkening of the veins and leaf edges. Therefore, potassium and magnesium (30 gm2) must be added to the soil.

    Plum reacts to a lack of potassium by yellowing foliage

    Watering the plum tree

    For abundant fruiting, in addition to nutrition, the plum needs moisture. Seedlings in the year of planting are watered every 2 weeks, 3-4 buckets under each tree. For adult plums, 4–5 waterings of 10 buckets per season are enough, the last watering should be before the onset of frost. After each watering, the soil is loosened and mulched with straw and grass to retain moisture.

    Shelter for the winter

    Plum Timiryazev's memory is not distinguished by high frost resistance and can freeze under a temperature of -27 ° C. Therefore, a tree, especially a young one, should be insulated for the winter.

    The branches are tied together and wrapped in a non-woven fabric that allows water and air to pass through. The trunk is also insulated with a cloth, on top of which it is tied with a polymer mesh from rodents.

    In winter, the trunk circle is covered with snow to protect the roots from freezing.

    For the winter plum Timiryazev's memory should be insulated

    It was noticed that strong freezing of trees was observed in winters after bountiful harvests. To increase the resistance of the culture to low temperatures, it is necessary to normalize fruiting by pruning, to feed and water the plum in time.

    How to properly prune a plum

    Plum less than other crops needs pruning, but every year the tree should be rejuvenated: shorten the branches, thin out the crown. This procedure will relieve the plum from many diseases. Immediately after planting, cut off the excess branches, leaving the 8 strongest ones, and shorten them by 13. The central conductor is cut 20 cm above the branches.

    In the future, pruning is carried out before bud break. Thin the crown, remove frozen shoots, stop growths. Plum forms a lot of growth, which should be cut off at the very ground.

    It is important that when forming the crown, no more than 14 of the entire mass of branches are removed so as not to expose the tree to stress.

    In the fall, dry, old and diseased branches are removed. In a tree that has reached a height of 2 m, growth is limited: branches growing upward are cut off, thereby stimulating the growth of lateral shoots. Such pruning contributes to the formation of a spreading and evenly lit crown.

    Plum pruning is carried out in the spring, before bud break

    Video: pruning a young plum

    Diseases and pests of plum

    The variety is very resistant to disease. To combat parasites, herbal preparations are used, made from onion husks, garlic with the addition of tobacco or bitter wormwood. The solutions are mixed with green soap and sprayed on the trees in season after a week.

    Table: plum diseases

    Photo gallery: plum diseases

    Gum disease occurs when the bark is injured or lack of calcium Coccomycosis is a dangerous disease Rust develops on the drain in a rainy summer

    To prevent the appearance of pests on the plum, beneficial insects, such as the lacewing and ladybugs, should be attracted to the garden by planting marigolds or calendula around the tree.

    Table: plum pests

    Photo gallery: plum tree pests

    The spider mite settles on the underside of the leaves The caterpillars of the moth eat the flesh of the berries, make moves in the shoots Plum sawfly damages the ovaries and the fruits Aphids suck the juice from the leaves

    Video: why the plum does not bear fruit

    Harvesting

    The berries ripen in early September. Fruits are yellow, with a red filling, sweet, with a pleasant sourness, weighing up to 25 g. From a tree get 15–35 kg.

    Plum is very useful, contains many microelements, is easy to digest. 100 g of berries replenish the daily human need for ascorbic acid - 11 mg. It is recommended for liver diseases and intestinal atony. Due to the presence of potassium, it helps to strengthen blood vessels. Plums cleanse the blood, remove toxins from the body.

    The fresh berries are the tastiest. They are also used to make jam, juices and wine. Ripe plums do not spoil in the refrigerator for 2-4 weeks. The fruit can be frozen, but it can taste sour. Frozen plums in winter are used to make compotes. Dried plums soaked in water remove heat at elevated temperatures.

    Plum makes a wonderful jam

    Reviews of the plum variety in Memory of Timiryazev

    Plum Timiryazev's memory does not lose popularity among gardeners, despite the emergence of new varieties. The tree easily takes root on the lands of Central Russia and the Volga region, and is also famous for its unpretentiousness, productivity, rapid growth and early maturity.


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