Orchids belong to the Orchideaceae family. A particular feature concerns the name of this plant, in fact orchid derives from the Greek "Orchis" which means testicle. All this derives from the fact that they are equipped with reserve organs, the tubercles, which have the shape and size of a testicle. They are plants with truly wonderful flowers with different colors, shapes and sizes depending on the species of orchid we are going to consider. In particular, the orchid belonging to the Cymbidium genus has long spike-shaped inflorescences. The flower takes on different colors ranging from yellow to pink, white, green and can be of a single color or mottled. This plant is grown both to be sold as a flower pot and for the flower. The Cymbidium orchid comes mainly from Asian countries as well as from Australia and Africa. Recall that the name Cymbidium also derives from the Greek "kimbe" which means boat. In fact, the lip (part of the three lower petals) of this flower has the shape of a boat. It is an epiphytic plant that grows mainly horizontally, with pseudo bulbs covered with sheets that remain at ground level and from which the long but tapered leaves branch off.
Environment and exposure
The Cymbidium orchid does not need excessively high temperatures to grow, in truth it could be said that its optimum temperature is between 15 and 18 ° C in certain conditions of air humidity as well as ventilation. In fact, these plants love to stay in the air, in fact it is advisable that in summer they are moved to balconies, or at least in an outdoor environment, always making sure that it is not exposed to direct sunlight which could burn its leaves. Of course, you must also be careful not to expose them to air turns, in fact these could seriously damage the flowers.
The soil that the Cymbidium orchid needs must be drained because these plants cannot tolerate stagnation of water. There are ready-made soils just for orchids, but usually a well-drained soil is made with sand, clay and silt, with the heavier compounds placed at the bottom of the pot. Alternatively, bark (beech leaves) could be used, better if combined with polystyrene.
Planting and repotting
Generally repotting is done after flowering has taken place, and considering that there are a large number of species of Cymbidium orchids, the period is different depending on the plant owned, in fact it is possible to find those that bloom in early spring and those that they bloom in late spring. If you are faced with a plant that has not bloomed, then it is advisable to repot it in early spring. In any case, it must be remembered that this operation must be done every 3-4 years and not once a year. In fact, these plants must not be touched if they do not show symptoms of intolerance, for example when the pseudo bulbs occupy the entire surface of the pot. Before carrying out this operation, the plant must be wet well, once the pot is removed, the soil residues and dead roots are carefully eliminated. Once repotted, the orchid should be kept away from light and without water for about 1 week.
The watering of the Cymbidium must be constant and frequent, in fact this plant needs a soil that is always wet. In summer it is a good idea to increase the frequency of watering because the outside temperature easily evaporates the water from the soil, and then it is advisable to donate the water directly to the leaves through nebulization.
Cymbidiums need the right concentrations of Nitrogen, Potassium and Phosphorus (N, K, P) throughout the year, which the soil alone cannot provide. It is for this reason that the aforementioned plant requires constant fertilization with different concentrations of N: P: K depending on the period. In fact, in the vegetative phase the plant needs a greater quantity of N and for this reason the ratio between the three elements will be 30:10:10, while during flowering the potassium demand increases with a ratio equivalent to 10:30:20, in other periods, however, the formula balances (20:20:20). The fertilizer must never exceed 1g per liter of water used for irrigation.
Pruning can be done both to eliminate the withered parts of the plant and to resize it, but in any case it must be done after the flower has withered.
Reproduction of orchids
Reproduction occurs above all if the plant is present in the external environment, as it needs the male seed in order to take place.
The flowering of the ears takes place from autumn until the end of winter. To ensure safe flowering, it is important that the plant has a night temperature of 10 ° C in summer. the sprout is pointed at the end as well as being round and protected by leaves, the buds will begin to sprout from the lower to the upper part of the sprout.
The roots of the Cymbidium orchid are easy to treat in terms of precautions and products to use, but they are very delicate to handle.
When deciding to repot a Cymbidium orchid, care must be taken not to tear the roots and to respect the presence of aerial roots that must be left free so that I can capture the humidity that surrounds them. To help the aerial roots it is good to spray the leaves and aerial roots from time to time.