Description and characteristics of sweet pepper varieties Gift of Moldova
Today, sweet peppers are successfully grown not only by professional farmers, but also by amateur gardeners. Therefore, breeders are working hard to develop new unique varieties of peppers, as well as trying to improve old varieties. One of the popular varieties bred in the Soviet Union is sweet pepper Gift of Moldova.
The variety is characterized by a high yield., resistance to diseases and pests and unpretentious cultivation.
Despite the fact that the variety has existed for over 40 years, it is still in demand and popular in most regions of our country today. This is evidenced by numerous rave reviews from both professional vegetable growers and ordinary gardeners.
The attractiveness of the variety, its technical characteristics, advantages and cultivation will be discussed further.
Sweet pepper Gift of Moldova: origin, description and technical characteristics
The variety was bred in the early 70s of the XX century by Moldovan breeders and immediately became widespread throughout the USSR.
According to the description, it belongs to the mid-early varieties, since the first fruits can be obtained as early as 115 -120 days after the appearance of the first shoots.
A compact half-stem bush 50-60 cm in height does not require a lot of space, special care and tying. It grows well in greenhouses and open beds.
With proper care up to 5 kg of crop can be harvested from 1 square meter.
Fruits of an elongated conical shape reach a weight of 80-90 grams... In technical ripeness, pepper has a greenish-yellow color, in biological ripeness it is bright red.
Ideal for stuffing, since the thickness of the walls does not exceed 0.6 cm, and the peppercorns themselves are approximately the same size.
Due to the juicy, slightly sweetish pulp with a characteristic taste, they can be used both fresh for dressings and salads, and for preparing various preparations for the winter.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Sweet pepper Gift of Moldova popular thanks to:
- resistance to adverse weather conditions;
- resistance to most diseases of peppers, including fusarium and various types of rot;
- the possibility of growing in different climatic zones;
- compact arrangement of bushes in the garden (which is especially important when growing in a greenhouse);
- unpretentiousness of plants in care (standard procedures are enough - dressing, weeding, watering);
- good yield;
- excellent transportability of ripe fruits;
- long-term storage possibilities;
- excellent taste.
It should be remembered that the Gift of Moldova pepper does not like heavy clay soil, shaded beds and proximity to nightshade crops - potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants, physalis, tobacco.
The variety has practically no flaws, if you follow all the rules for planting seedlings and caring for adult plants:
- water in a timely manner;
- loosen the ground and remove weeds;
- cut off ripe fruits (and not tear them off along with the stalk);
- feed 2-3 times during the growing season with fertilizers.
Planting seeds and growing seedlings
To grow healthy and strong plants you need:
- Prepare the soil correctly for seedlings... It is advisable to take the soil from the area where the peppers will subsequently grow. If the soil is clayey, a little sand, humus and peat should be added. The prepared soil should be well air and water permeable.
- Prepare the seeds... The timing of planting seeds directly depends on where the pepper will be constantly planted. The growth period of seedlings is on average one and a half months, therefore, for a greenhouse, seeds need to be planted in mid-February, for open beds - after March 20. Before planting, the seeds should be soaked in a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate for at least a day. It is recommended to plant seeds immediately in separate pots or peat tablets, since the plants do not tolerate diving very well.
- Harden seedlings... Seedling care consists in timely watering, sufficient sunlight and maintaining the temperature regime. After the formation of 4-5 true leaves, the seedlings can be hardened. Plants are taken out on the balcony for 15-20 minutes, then for 30-40 minutes and within a week the period of stay is brought to 1.5-2 hours. Hardening allows the peppers to adapt to environmental conditions and painlessly transfer planting to the garden.
Planting in open ground
You can transfer seedlings to the garden when the air temperature at night does not drop below 18-19 degrees. In order for the seedlings to develop normally in the air and there should be no frost on the surface of the soil.
For the southern regions, this is mid-May, for the central and northern regions, early June.
Dislikes peppers and cold piercing winds, therefore, the bed should be chosen in a draft-protected and well-lit place.
The distance between plants in a row can be reduced to 40-35 cm, the row spacing can be 45-50 cm.
You can put a little fertilizer or humus in each hole and pour abundantly with water until the well is completely filled.
When the water is slightly absorbed, the pepper should be lowered along with the peat pot and the clod of earth into the hole. Wait until the rest of the water is absorbed and cover the hole with earth, deepening the seedling along the first leaves.
How to care for plants in the garden?
All sweet pepper care Gift of Moldova comes down to a few mandatory activities:
- watering - carried out by sprinkling until the ovary appears, then each plant is watered at the root until the end of fruiting;
- regular loosening - carried out to ensure access of air and moisture to the roots of plants;
- weed removal allows you to avoid the reproduction of pests and infection of plants with dangerous diseases - spotting and rot;
- feeding - with ordinary and organic mixtures, they make it possible to get the maximum yield;
- timely collection of ripe fruits - allows the plant to form a new ovary, which significantly increases the yield.
Numerous reviews on the Internet also testify to the rich harvests of the Gift of Moldova pepper. Not only amateur gardeners, but also many experienced farmers prefer this variety.
Unpretentious in cultivation and resistant to diseases and pests, it has proven itself well in the Russian climate.
At the same time, high yields can be obtained not only in the southern and central regions of our country - the variety is successfully grown in colder northern and eastern regions.
Characteristics and description of peppers of the Podarok Moldova variety
Real gourmets grow peppers Gift of Moldova, because the bright and appetizing fruits of the plant noticeably brighten up the boring greenery of summer cottages. Traditionally, summer residents call Bulgarian pepper, although the sunny state has nothing to do with the plant.
The juicy sweetness of ripe pepper will perfectly fit into culinary delights, adding new flavor contrasts to the dish. In addition, Moldovan pepper has a number of undeniable advantages that distinguish it from the background of other varieties.
The "Gift of Moldova" variety is mid-season, from seedling to fruit ripening takes from 115 to 130 days. The plant itself is small, with a height of 50 cm. This variety is undemanding to external conditions, therefore it can be grown indoors and outdoors, as well as withstand small cold snaps. The root system of the bush of this variety is massive, the shoots are elastic, so the plant does not need additional support.
The fruits of this variety, when ripe, acquire a rich red color and a sweet taste. The size of the mature cone is 10 cm, and the weight is about 70 g. Wall thickness from 4 to 6 mm. "Gift of Moldova" is a fairly fruitful variety. When grown in open ground in the middle lane and the Moscow region, you can collect up to 5 kg of fruits from 1 m².
Pepper fruits of the Tenderness variety are characterized by the following characteristics:
- The shape of the peppers is standard - conical, but often takes the form of a truncated cone. Although they are supposed to droop down by the standard for sweet peppers, peppers of this variety often grow and hold their tops up for quite a long time before bending under their weight. This form of growth is a bit like how hot peppers usually grow.
- The fruits are medium in size, reach 15 cm in length, the weight of one pepper ranges from 100 to 150 grams.
- At the stage of technical maturity, the color of the peppers is light green, as it ripens, it first becomes orange and then bright red.
- The skin is tender and thin, and the flesh is also quite juicy.
- The average wall thickness is 6-7 mm. For the old variety, these numbers are quite significant.
- The taste characteristics of the fruit are excellent. The peppers are sweet, with a subtle mustard aftertaste, and aromatic.
- In terms of application, the fruits of this variety can be called universal. According to the reviews of housewives, they are most often used for stuffing.
Peppers are thermophilic plants. Peppers are planted with seedlings in the soil.
The soil. Loam, sandy loam and floodplain soils are ideal pepper soil. Clay and acidic soils are not suitable for the “gift of Moldova”. They should be mixed with sand and humus to achieve the desired looseness and lightness. Pepper ridges are prepared high.
Seedling. The preparation of seeds is traditional: check for germination, immersion in a solution of potassium permanganate, rinsing with water. At the end of February - March, the seeds are immersed in nutrient soil, covered with foil until the first shoots. Sowing dates depend on where the peppers will be planted. For open areas, sow later. Two weeks before planting in the ground, the seedlings are hardened in the fresh air.
Picking. The pick is carried out in the presence of two real leaves.
Landing. Around mid-May - early June, at the end of all cold snaps, the seedlings are planted in the ground. The optimal planting pattern for the "gift of Moldova" peppers: 50x50 cm in a checkerboard pattern.
Advice! Sweet and bitter peppers should be planted in an area away from each other to avoid cross-pollination.
Garter. Plants are strong, do not need a garter.
Forming. The compact bushes of the “Gift of Moldova” do not need to form a crown. It is enough to competently plant the plants without thickening the planting, and harvest on time.
Watering. Peppers are hygrophilous, this has a beneficial effect on the juiciness of the fruit. However, waterlogging leads to decay of roots, stems and leaves. Water the bushes with warm water after the topsoil dries. The greenhouse requires periodic ventilation.
Mulching and loosening. Weeding and loosening is essential for the peppers. This allows you to maintain a balance of soil moisture. Mulching with sawdust, peat, straw will protect the bushes from pests.
Top dressing. Fertilize peppers up to three times a season, always after abundant watering. Overfeeding will lead to a decrease in yield. Periods of top dressing: at the time of planting in the ground, flowering and rolling of fruits. The best organic solution is a slurry solution.
Characteristics and description of the variety
A gift from Moldova - a variety of sweet pepper of Soviet selection. Included in the State Register in 1973. Recommended for cultivation in the Middle Volga, Far East, Lower Volga, Volgo-Vyatka, North-West, North Caucasian regions. Refers to medium early, from the moment of emergence to harvesting of fruits in technical ripeness, 119-140 days pass. Plants can be grown both in greenhouses and greenhouses, and in beds in the open field. The use of fruits is universal.
According to the description of the originator, the Gift of Moldova pepper has the following characteristics:
- bushes are low (35-45 cm), semi-stem, semi-spreading, up to 38 cm in diameter
- hanging fruits, regular conical shape, with smooth walls, medium size, 9-10 cm long
- color of unripe peppers - light green, ripe - rich red
- wall thickness - 4-5 mm
- thin skin
- fruits are juicy, slightly crunchy, sweet taste
- the aroma is gentle, unexpressed.
The yield of this variety is 3.2-4.7 kg / m 2 with the mass of one pepper 70-90 g.
The collected peppers of the Podarok Moldova variety can be used for fresh consumption, for adding to dishes, salads, freezing in the form of vegetable slices, pickling, making seasonings, for stuffing (due to their shape, they are ideal).
How to care for a variety
Pepper care Gift of Moldova includes the following activities:
- weed removal
- spraying bushes with drugs against diseases and pests.
This sweet pepper variety is moisture-loving. Therefore, for good growth, he needs a certain moisture. The frequency of watering is determined by the peculiarities of the weather. In dry and hot summers, the bushes are watered 2-3 times a week. Weeds are removed as they grow.
Top dressing of the Moldova Gift variety is carried out every month. In the first half of the growing season, it is recommended to apply fertilizers rich in nitrogen. For feeding the bushes during the period of active growth of fruits, it is better to use potassium substances.
With frequent rains, the bushes of the bell pepper variety "Gift of Moldova" can be affected by fungal diseases.
Fungicide solutions will help protect plants. Processing is carried out monthly.
The variety can be affected by aphids, spider mites and slugs. Insecticides are used to combat. These chemical compounds are dangerous to humans, so it is not recommended to use them during the ripening period. At this time, a solution of garlic with nettle can be used to get rid of pests.
Moldova's gift is a delicious sweet pepper variety that even a polishing gardener can grow. To obtain a rich and tasty harvest, you just need to follow the simple rules of agricultural technology.