Ever-flowering begonia and caring for it
Ever-flowering begonia (in Latin semperflorence) is a beautiful tropical perennial plant. It is known for its picturesque flowering and unusual shaped leaves.
What soil does begonias need?
This species requires soil that is capable of quickly passing water. It is desirable that it be peaty and not very acidic. The soil should be rich in nutrients and remain moist, even if the water drains quickly. At the bottom of the pot, you need to put a layer of pebbles so that the water lingers a little.
If you have flowering begonia, then proper home care should be provided, because it is quite whimsical. Consider all the nuances when choosing a pot for a plant.
If you have flowering begonia, then proper home care should be provided.
When planting semperflorens, do not compact the soil very hard. It should not squeeze the roots too much. Best of all, when pouring soil into the pot, lightly pat it with your fingers.
This type of semperflorence has fairly voluminous roots and large flowers. Therefore, a strong pot or container is needed - it should not tip over under the weight of the flowers. Purchase a pot made of the following materials:
- thick plastic.
The height of an adult representative reaches 45 centimeters, roots (in volume) - 10-15. All this requires a pot with a diameter of at least 20 centimeters. For flowering begonias that are larger than standard sizes, you may need a pot with a diameter of 30 centimeters.
Roller of the basics of successful care
Transplant your plant into a larger pot in the spring for optimal growth.
The ever-flowering begonia requires a lot of natural light. Only in this way will she be able to grow quickly and flourish beautifully at home. Semperflorence leaves have folds, uneven edges. They are wide enough. The plant blooms very beautifully. Flowers can have several colorings:
- shades of red.
Both the quantity and quality of flowers, as well as the color and luster of the leaves, are highly dependent on sunlight. But the sun's rays shouldn't be straight. Indirect or diffused light through a window or a special screen (this is best) - this is what this delicate windowsill dweller needs. Semi-light and partial shade also suit her.
Ever-flowering begonia requires a lot of natural light
For a species such as ever-flowering begonia to thrive, provide it with light throughout the year. At the same time, in the morning or afternoon, it is better to put the flower pot in the shade, at this time the sun's rays are too strong.
In the fall and winter, when sunlight is scarce and less intense, you can place the semperflorence in direct sunlight. But this action should be limited to a few hours a day. Otherwise, it can harm the delicate beauty.
A glazed loggia with curtains can be a great place to live. But take care of the optimal temperature and humidity. If Semperflorence is not properly cared for at home, it will simply stop growing and may even die.
Video on how to grow and care for begonias
When your plant has an elongated stem and does not want to bloom, it is a sign of a lack of sunshine. You need to take immediate action. If the leaves are curled up and have brown spots, hide the flower in the shade. This comes from an overabundance of sunlight.
Irrigation of a plant
When you have ever-flowering begonia on your windowsill, home care requires a sufficient amount of water. Allow the semperflorence to access water from a pot holder between waterings. Deep watering two or three times a week will be sufficient for the plant.
Deep watering two or three times a week will be sufficient for the plant.
The liquid should drain from the hole in the bottom of the pot. Do not allow large amounts of water to accumulate in the pan, this can lead to root rot. If the queen of the windowsill receives too much water, then the leaves of the plant will turn yellow and may begin to shed.
When watering a plant, you need to enrich the soil in which it grows. To do this, use balanced nutrients. They can be of several types:
In the spring and summer period, you need to apply liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks. The rest of the time it all depends on the state of the ever-flowering begonia. If the plant is actively growing and developing, feeding should be done once a month. If begonia is not active, then every two months. All of these actions and some of the growing secrets will provide the necessary care.
Video story about 58 ways of leaving
Pruning and care
Pruning stimulates growth and helps to create the correct shape. Begonias that do not grow in height but in width look much better. The number of leaves should be approximately the same on both sides. Also, for flowers of ever-flowering begonia, you need enough sunlight.
Don't leave too many leaves that will create unnecessary shadow. Such care will provide the necessary development for your flowerpot.
Pruning stimulates growth and helps to create the correct shape
When the plant begins to grow rapidly in height and looks awkward, you should gradually start pruning the stems. Keep the stems longer at the top of the plant and shorter at the bottom. Thanks to this technique, your flowerpot will have a rounded shape.
Trim the stems regularly to control growth. When they reach a length of about 14 centimeters, you need to clamp them with a special clamp. This will stimulate the branching of the flowerpot. As you can see, providing full-fledged care for the ever-growing begonia at home is not so difficult.
Stem cuttings do not need to be thrown away at all. They can be used for plant propagation. Cuttings taken from the stem should be rooted in a small pot of damp sand or perlite.
Video about growing from a cutting
Favorable temperature and pests
This kind of begonia requires a warm and humid atmosphere. The ideal temperature range is 18–24 ºС. When temperature readings drop, begonia can be seriously affected. Also, this plant is very sensitive to temperature extremes.
This type of begonia requires a warm and humid atmosphere.
Provide proper begonia care at home.
- There should be no drafts in the room.
- Do not place it near heating devices such as a heater.
- There must be sufficient circulation of clean air.
Due to the conditions in which it is kept, begonia is a favorite for a variety of insects. Whiteflies and mealybugs are common among them. They are disposed of by the usual methods.
If the plant has no space between the leaves, or there is no proper air circulation, then bacterial infections can lodge there. They can be seen as yellow rings on the leaves. This is called leaf spot.
Tuberous begonia video
You need to cut off the infected leaves and make sure there is enough air for active circulation. The plant needs to breathe. Begonia can also be infected with gray mold and mildew.
We can conclude that this beauty is not very whimsical. Caring for her will not cause much trouble. Provide the right temperature, moisture and good soil and you can enjoy this beautiful flower at home.
Begonia Rex considered one of the most beloved and beautiful flowers, which is also called royal begonia... It differs in that it has luxurious leaves of a wide variety of shapes and colors: round, elongated, oval, heart-shaped, smooth, maple-shaped, scaly.
Begonia royal more an ornamental plant than a flower, since there are simply none on it. The variety of leaf shapes, as well as their beauty, more than make up for the lack of flowering.
She also enjoys such great recognition among flower growers because begonia is an unpretentious plant with fairly simple care.
Ampelous begonia: home care
Ampelous begonia is a tuberous garden plant that is loved by most gardeners because of its abundant long flowering from early summer to late autumn.
This type of begonia is also characterized by a variety of colors, among ampelous plants there are red, pink, yellow, white and orange shades, and flowers can be either double - large or ordinary - small. The height of the shoots of large ampelous begonias can reach a meter, while their smaller counterparts barely peep out of the pot.
Ampel begonia is quite unpretentious to care for and is very beautiful, therefore it can most often be seen on the shelves of flower shops, ready for transplant, or in the form of an adult plant.
Varieties and varieties of begonias with photos
It is difficult to describe in words what begonia flowers look like. Plant varieties represent a huge collection of different colors and shapes.
There are 2 popular garden species that can be grown outdoors:
- Tuberous (Begonia x tuberhybrida) with large multi-colored flowers.
- Semperflorens - always flowering or ever flowering (Begonia semperflorens). It grows up to 50 cm in height, blooms from spring to autumn.
At home, the following species are usually grown:
- royal (Begonia rex) - with beautifully colored leaves
- winter (Begonia x hiemalis) - with extremely noble pink-shaped inflorescences.
Some species are annuals - require annual planting, others, such as tuberous begonias, can overwinter.
There are tuberous varieties with semi-double, double and simple flowers. Cascading ampel begonia with much smaller flowers is also popular. Royal begonia does not give many flowers; leaves give it a decorative look.
Begonia varieties are difficult to count, their number is huge, as well as the number of variations and varieties. In the home and garden, standard tuberous begonia is more often grown, which is divided into 3 main groups. The division criterion is the type and size of flowers.
- Large-flowered begonia (Begonia x tuberhybrida grandiflora) is the most popular variety. Differs in color of flowers and structure - they can have very jagged, fringed edges. The variety forms beautiful, double flowers that look a bit like roses. The inflorescences are up to 20-30 cm in diameter, although when grown on a windowsill, they usually do not reach a large size. Flowers are white, yellow, pink, orange, red, burgundy, there are two-color varieties, for example, white with a dark red border.
- Ampel begonias - they are distinguished by a beautiful bush shape, they form thin, long, drooping stems. Ampel varieties are better suited for balconies, where they look great in boxes or hanging pots - pots. The shoots are covered with thin flowers that make up large inflorescences, they look very attractive. Varieties of ampel type begonias differ in color, shape of flowers - some of them are simple, others are terry, the most magnificent. Cascading begonia is the best plant for shaded balconies.
- Multiflora Multiflora (Begonia Multiflora Maxima) is not a garden begonia, the plant is suitable for the balcony, has tiny flowers. It looks great on the windowsill. Like the royal begonia, it is one of the most popular plants with ornamental leaves covered with villi and painted in different, most beautiful colors and patterns.
|Name and description of the variety||Photo|
|Camellia bicolor (Bicolor Camellia) pink. The best location is a slightly shaded position, sheltered from the winds. The soil should be humus, permeable, moist. Blooms in July - October. It grows up to 25-40 cm in height.|
|Fimbriata white (Fimbriata). White color. Variety: fimbriata - shaggy. Height: 20-25 cm. Flowering: June-September. Leaves in the shape of a heart. Flowers grow in the corners of the upper leaves, have a diameter of up to 12 cm, the petals are twisted.|
|Fimbriata red (Begonia Fimbriata). Color: red. Variety: fimbriata - shaggy. Height: 20-25 cm. Flowering: June-September. The flowers are red, up to 12 cm in diameter.|
|Fimbriata orange (Begonia Fimbriata). Variety: fimbriata - shaggy. Orange color.|
|Fimbriata pink (Fimbriata). The pink fimbriata is shaggy.|
|Fimbriata yellow (Fimbriata). Begonia with yellow flowers.|
|White Grandiflora (Grandiflora). Heart-shaped leaves, dense, juicy flower shoots. Flowers grow in the corners of the upper leaves, serrated petals. The underground part is a flattened bulb covered with a thick dark brown skin.|
|Grandiflora red bulbous (Grandiflora). Red flowers with serrated petals.|
|Orange Grandiflora. Orange scalloped petals.|
|Grandiflora pink. Pink flowers.|
|White pendula (Begonia x tuberhybrida pendula). White color. Height: 30 cm. Flowering: June-September. Heart-shaped leaves are dense, succulent floral shoots. Flowers grow in the corners of the upper leaves on hanging shoots. They reach a diameter of 7 cm.|
|Pendula is red. Pendula with red flowers.|
3 Secrets of reproduction
Begonia is a very beautiful and quite popular flower among gardeners. She blooms profusely, and the carved leaves of her decorative varieties allow her to participate in the elements of the landscape design of the backyard of the house. Therefore, quite often the question arises of its reproduction at home. This can happen in two ways:
Reproduction of tuberous begonia at home by seeds is considered the most troublesome business. The fact is that the seeds of this plant are very small and before they are planted, they must undergo special care for better germination. After that, they can be planted in open ground under a film, having previously moistened them with a growth stimulator. This method is usually used when it is required to preserve the varietal characteristics of this flower.
A simpler and more common method would be to reproduce it at home with tubers that live for about 5 years. It is enough just to divide the tuber into 2 or 3 parts, so that each of them has at least 2 buds, and plant them in peat or directly into the soil. After that, carrying out elementary care for them, several plants can be obtained from one.
Alternatively, begonia can be propagated by cuttings. This is usually done in May. The strongest shoot is cut from the plant, the height of which should be at least 10 cm, it is placed in moistened peat and occasionally watered. In this case, the main thing is also not to overflow, otherwise the planted stalk can rot and disappear.
But most often this garden flower is bought in pots and, after the danger of spring frosts has passed, they are transplanted to a flower bed in the garden. Thus, in your flower bed there may be royal begonia or any of its varieties.
If you did everything correctly and a beautiful begonia appeared in your garden or house, you will certainly want to propagate it. This can be done with cuttings or a sheet. This method is good because new plants will retain all the characteristics of the variety that the propagated plant possesses. Begonia is propagated by cuttings in spring or autumn. To do this, it must be separated from the mother tuber. The stalk should be taken about 10-12 centimeters long, while the slices from both it and the tuber should be sprinkled with coal powder. Next, the cutting must be dried for a couple of hours and set to root in moist soil.Cutting occurs by burying the cuttings 2-3 centimeters into the soil. On top of it you need to put an inverted glass jar, which will act as a greenhouse. In just 3-4 weeks, young begonias will take root and will be ready to be transplanted to a permanent place of growth.
Begonia can also be propagated using a leaf. To do this, you need to choose a large and healthy leaf, and then cut it off. Next, the leaf needs to be cut into triangles, but so that the lateral veins of the leaf fall into them, and the central vein must be cut out immediately - it will not be useful to us, since it does not participate in the process. Each finished piece of leaf must be laid out on top of moistened soil and secured with a toothpick. Sprinkle the edges with moistened sand. Or you can dig pieces of a leaf into the ground, deepening the lower part with a lateral vein by one centimeter. Now cover the container with the planting material with transparent glass or plastic wrap and put it in a warm and bright place. In the greenhouse you created, you need to maintain high humidity. And after 1.5-2 months you will notice young shoots. When they grow up and get stronger, the seedlings will be ready to be planted in a pot or open ground for further growth.
Reproduction of begonias
Eternal Begonia is propagated by cuttings or seeds.
When propagating some varieties (for example, double and large double), preference is given to cuttings.
This method allows you to preserve the main characteristics of the variety.
For cuttings, pagons are used that have grown after the January pruning of plants. Cuttings are carried out at the end of March and April.
Pagons with 2-3 internodes are cut from Begonia and planted in clean sand, covered with glass.
After 3-4 weeks they are planted in boxes of 60-70 pieces or in pots one plant at a time.
How to grow begonia seedlings from seeds?
Begonia has very small seeds, so it is better to mix them with sand.
This helps to avoid too dense germination and increases its uniformity.
If you want Begonia flowers to appear in May, the seeds must be sown in the greenhouse in January.
They will germinate only in the presence of additional lighting. That is why it is possible to sow seeds in room conditions only when the day becomes longer (February-March).
As a soil for planting, a soil mixture of humus, deciduous soil and river sand is used in a ratio of 1: 2: 1.
Seeds are scattered on the surface of a moist substrate, but do not sprinkle with earth.
Spraying is carried out with a spray gun, in which the water temperature should be 2–4 degrees higher than in the room.
The sown seeds must be covered with foil or glass.
For the first shoots to appear on the surface after 14 days, the optimum room temperature should be between + 20-22 ° C.
At first, seedlings develop very poorly and slowly.
During this period, they will be helped by additional lighting, which will not only accelerate their growth, but also improve the quality of the seedlings.
Cultures will bloom only 16–20 weeks after the first shoots appear.
After watering the crops, the seed boxes are not immediately closed. They are left open for 1.5-2 hours to ventilate well.
Do not allow condensation to form on the glass or film (inner side), which can cause rotting of seedlings.
At the end of the second week, after sowing, the glass is gradually raised, and after 14 days, it is removed completely.
Begonia Eternal Blossoming from seed
A plant that has entered the phase of two true leaves can be dived according to the 5x5 cm scheme, and after 30 days a second dive is carried out, but according to a different scheme - 10x10 cm.
The temperature in the room is reduced to +17 or + 19 ° C, and the plant is darkened (do not allow direct sunlight).
- Watering and feeding
Watering in the evening or in the morning.
The flower is fed every 10 days, it is better if it is chicken droppings, diluted in a ratio of 1/20.
Top dressing alternates with watering, adding mineral fertilizers to the water. For example: 20 g - superphosphate, 10 g - potassium salts and 0.02 g - potassium permanganate diluted in 10 liters of water.
- Landing in open ground
Before planting in open soil, Begonia Eternal Blossoms can be hardened.
To do this, in May (in warm weather), greenhouses gradually begin to open, and indoor crops can be taken out onto an open balcony.
The end of May or the beginning of June is the time when Begonia must be planted in a permanent place of growth.
Seedlings are well watered before planting in order to preserve a clod of earth around the roots of the plant. This will ensure that they are not damaged during transplantation.
If the seedlings have outgrown, then they are shortened by cutting off the lower long pagons, otherwise the culture will quickly change color, spoiling the decorativeness of the flower bed or rabatka.
Having prepared a hole for seedlings, it is also moistened. The plant is placed in it together with the preserved lump of earth, and the soil around the stalk is tamped.
It is better to plant begonia 1 or 2 cm below the level at which it grew earlier. So it will create additional roots faster.
If this condition is underexposed or the plant is much higher than the previous soil level, the flower will dry out and take root badly.
- Distances when planting seedlings
To determine the distance, when planting seedlings, between crops in a flower bed, you need to take into account factors such as the height of the species and the purpose of the flower garden itself.
If you want the flower bed to quickly gain decorativeness, then the plants are planted with small intervals between themselves (up to 10 cm).
In other cases - after 10-12 cm. But in a container or in a balcony box, the planting is carried out more tightly, so that their leaves are in contact with each other.
How to prune begonias and prepare them for winter?
Timely pruning is an element of proper cultivation and the key to a long and abundant flowering of begonias.
All over-stretched shoots are shortened, diseased, dry and damaged leaves are removed.
For more information on how to prune begonias and prepare them for winter, see this video.
That's all the wisdom of breeding Begonia of Eternal Blossoms. It remains only to wait for flowering, not forgetting to water and feed the flower beds.
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