Information

Red currant, including large-fruited: description of varieties, cultivation in the regions

Red currant, including large-fruited: description of varieties, cultivation in the regions


Long cultivated in gardens, red currants are valued for their abundant, long-lasting harvest on the branches and rich taste. The large assortment of red currants provides a wide variety of gardeners' tastes.

Variety of varieties of red currants

Under natural conditions of growth, up to 20 subspecies of red currant are found, which served as the foundation for the breeding of cultural forms.

White and pink currants do not stand out as a separate species, being only a variety of red. There are no differences in the way of growing with care.

Large-fruited red currant

Choosing a new variety for the site, gardeners will be guided by their wishes and needs. So, many will pay attention to the size of the fruit, since large berries are intended for the most part for fresh consumption.

Asora

A late-ripening variety of the breeding work of Russian scientists is being tested. Asora has a high resistance to adverse winter conditions, as well as high immunity. Bears fruit annually and abundantly. Its bushes are low, but spreading.

The Hazora variety stands out among others for its large sweet fruits.

The weight of one sweet and sour currant is about 1.3 g. The skin is very thin, light red in color. In clusters, all berries are usually of the same size, spherical in shape.

Features of the variety:

  • winter hardy;
  • resistant to powdery mildew and pests;
  • berries do not wrinkle and do not deteriorate during transportation.

Alpha

A hybrid of the varieties Chulkovskaya and Kaskad, obtained by V.S. Ilyin, is on trial. Alpha bushes are of medium height, medium spreading and loose, consisting of erect shoots. Leaves consist of five lobes, medium-sized, dark green in color. The surface of the leaves is glossy, slightly wrinkled, concave along the veins. The mass of sour-sweet currants reaches 1.5 g... In the brush, all rounded berries with a delicate red skin are of about the same size.

The fruits of the Alpha variety are rightfully considered one of the largest

Features of the variety:

  • perfectly tolerates cold winters, but is damaged by severe frosts;
  • abundant harvests - from 1.8 kg / bush;
  • low need for additional pollination;
  • a variety immune to powdery mildew.

Baraba

A hybrid of varieties Smena and Krasnaya Andreichenko, by V.N. Sorokopudov and M.G. Konovalov. Currently being tested. A medium-sized bush, dense, consisting of erect shoots, covered with grayish bark. The young stems have gray-green tops. The leaves are three-lobed, medium-sized, with a dull, slightly wrinkled surface.

Baraba red currant has a very bright, rich scarlet skin.

Baraba tassels grow up to 7 cm and consist of large (about 1.5 g) spherical fruits. The rather thick peel of the berries is red in color. This variety has a sweet taste with a noticeable sourness.

Features of the variety:

  • perfectly tolerates frost and drought;
  • annual bountiful harvest - about 2.7 kg / bush;
  • low resistance to anthracnose and septoria.

Early varieties of red currant

Early harvest varieties are prized in areas with short, changeable summers, where late red currants simply do not have time to ripen. Ripeness reaches from mid-June to mid-July.

Early sweet

A hybrid of varieties Chulkovskaya and Laturnais, authorship of N.K. Smolyaninova and A.P. Nitochkin. Recommended for breeding in the Central, Volgo-Vyatka, Central Black Earth regions and Eastern Siberia.

The early sweet one fully lives up to its name: it has the sweetest berries from the early varieties.

The bushes are low, loose, almost never decay. New shoots are green with a reddish coating, old shoots are gray with a brownish tinge. Leaves of two types: three- or five-lobed, medium-sized. The surface of the leaves is light green, not pubescent, slightly folded. Currants are sour-sweet, not the largest - on average weigh about 0.6-0.9 g. In the brush, the berries are round in shape, decreasing towards the tip. The separation from the stalks is dry.

Generous

An old hybrid variety of Fayya Fertile and Houghton Castle, bred by N.I. Pavlova. Zoned in the North-West, Volgo-Vyatka, Central Black Earth, Middle Volga regions and in the Urals.

Bushes are medium-high, very strong, wide and dense. Currant stems are bent only at the top, with a pinkish bark at the tops. The leaves are five-lobed, dark green in color. Berries no more than 0.5 g with large seeds. The taste is sweet with moderate sourness, pleasant.

Generous is one of the oldest and most famous varieties of red currant

Features of the variety:

  • low self-pollination ability;
  • small crop volume - about 3.5 kg / bush;
  • extreme non-frost resistance of flower buds;
  • weak resistance to anthracnose, terry, as well as colonization with currant bud mites.

Ural fires

Young variety (bred in 2000) V.S. Ilyin and A.P. Gubenko, descended from Fayya the fertile as a result of cross-pollination. The Ural and Volgo-Vyatka are regions where, according to the State Register, its cultivation is permissible.

The bushes are medium in size, dense, young shoots are slightly curved at the top, which gives the bush a slightly sprawling appearance. The leaf blades are five-lobed, medium-sized. The leaf surface is deep green, slightly wrinkled, no pubescence.

The Ogni Urala variety was bred specifically for growing in harsh climatic conditions.

The variety is characterized by rather large fruits, the weight of which is 0.5-1.0 g. Throughout the brush, currants are of the same size and spherical shape, with a thin red skin. The Fires of the Urals have a flesh of a rich sweet, slightly sour taste.

Features of the variety:

  • low need for artificial pollination;
  • plentifully fruiting variety - 6.4 kg / bush;
  • winter-hardy;
  • resistant to various diseases.

Jonker van Tets (Jonker van Tets)

The Dutch hybrid of Faya fertile and London Market was bred back in 1941. Recommended for breeding in the Central Black Earth, North-West, Volga-Vyatka regions.

Bushes are fast-growing, erect, very dense. The bark of young shoots has a pinkish tint, old shoots are flexible, with a light bark. Leathery leaves form five lobes, large, dark green in color. The plate is concave along the veins and slightly wrinkled. The size of the currant is slightly above average - the weight of a round or slightly pear-shaped berry is approximately 0.7 g. The skin is dense, the taste of the pulp is characterized as sour-sweet.

The berries of the Dutch variety Jonker van Tets have a very thin skin, therefore, so that the fruits do not crack, do not abuse abundant watering

Features of the variety:

  • practically not affected by various diseases;
  • annual harvest, plentiful - 6.5 kg / bush;
  • ovaries due to early flowering are susceptible to spring return frosts.

Late varieties of red currant

Late-ripening berries delight at the very end of the season - they ripen en masse after August 10.

Dutch red

An old variety, the history of which is unknown. According to the State Register, its cultivation is allowed in the Northern, North-Western, Central, Volgo-Vyatka, Middle Volga, Lower Volga regions, in Western and Eastern Siberia.

Bushes are fast-growing, dense. Young specimens are erect, while adults have spreading bushes. The bark of non-lignified shoots is green with a raspberry coating. The dark green leaves are composed of five lobes, the central one being much longer and sharper. The leaf surface has no pubescence, shiny, slightly wrinkled.

One of the oldest varieties grown in the CIS - Dutch red

The weight of red Dutch red berries, rounded or slightly flattened from the poles, ranges from 0.6 to 1.0 g. The taste is mediocre, with a noticeable sourness. The separation of currants from the stalks is dry.

Features of the variety:

  • does not require external pollination;
  • impressive harvest volume - 4.6 kg / bush;
  • high resistance to pests and infections;
  • large seeds in medium-sized fruits.

Rosita (Rosetta)

In many open sources, as well as in nurseries, the red currant Rosita has a second name - Rosetta. A hybrid of the Red Cross and Minnesota varieties. The variety is allowed by the State Register for breeding only in the West Siberian region.

Bushy, low, dense - grow compact. The bark is brown with a red tint. The leaves are dark green and consist of three distinct lobes. Leathery leaf blades have practically no pubescence. Currants are one of the largest among late-ripening varieties - weigh up to 1.7 g. Sweet and sour berries are characterized by an almost ovoid shape. The length of the brush is about 10 cm.

The Rosetta variety is recommended for growing on a trellis

Features of the variety:

  • average resistance to anthracnose and septoria;
  • drought-resistant, heat- and winter-hardy;
  • yield from one bush is about 2.8 kg.

Tatyana

A hybrid of Kandalaksha and Victoria red, obtained by S.D. Elsakova and T.V. Romanova for the Northern Region.

Tatiana's bushes are fast-growing, loose. The stems are dark-colored, non-bending. Three-lobed leaves are larger than medium, saturated green. The leaf plates are strongly pubescent along the underside, concave along the veins.

Currant varieties Tatiana differs from others in the dark, almost burgundy color of berries

The brushes contain 10-12 currants, the weight of which is about 0.7 g. The berry is round, all the same size, with a dense red skin. Tatiana berries taste very slightly sour.

Features of the variety:

  • low demand for pollinators;
  • winter hardiness;
  • annual productivity, high - 5 kg / bush;
  • almost not affected by pests and diseases;
  • does not form a scatter.

Darling

The result of crossing the variety Vishnevaya and a hybrid of Wonderful and Gollandskaya red is included in the list of recommended for breeding in the Central region.

The bushes are medium-sized, neat, branching weakly. The bark of mature shoots is gray, in places it exfoliates. The five lobes of the leaves are dark green in color and have a leathery, matte, slightly wrinkled surface. The leaf blades are completely even. Medium-sized currants - up to 0.8 g, the same size along the entire length of the brush. Spherical berries with scarlet thin skin, sweet and sour taste.

The beloved got its name from the one-dimensional berries crowding on the brushes

Features of the variety:

  • winter-hardy;
  • harvest volumes are average with high self-fertility;
  • low resistance to spots of various etiologies.

Ural beauty

A hybrid of the varieties Chulkovskaya and Faya fertile. Tested in the Ural and West Siberian regions.

Bushes below average height, dense, but slightly spreading. Young green shoots are slightly bent in the upper part, do not have pubescence. The leaves are five-lobed, very large with a dark green glossy surface. The leaf blades are concave along the central veins. The brush in most cases is not less than 7 cm, rather loose, but consisting of equally large berries. The maximum weight of one is 1.5 g. The sweet taste of the fruits of the Ural beauty is devoid of even a bit of sourness.

The berries of the Ural beauty are famous for their sweet taste

Features of the variety:

  • winter-hardy;
  • produces a bountiful harvest annually - 3.5-15.5 kg / bush;
  • immunity against powdery mildew, but susceptibility to colonization by fireflies and sawflies.

Sweet varieties

Red currant is a rather sour berry, which few are able to consume live, that is, fresh. One of the areas of breeding work is the breeding of sweet, dessert, varieties.

Red Cross

An old American hybrid of Cherry and White grapes.

Admission to cultivation according to the State Register:

  • Central;
  • Volgo-Vyatsky;
  • Middle Volga;
  • Nizhnevolzhsky;
  • Ural;
  • Western and Eastern Siberia.

Medium-tall bushes, slightly spreading, crown of irregular shape. The tops of young bare stems are pinkish. Small leaves have five lobes and a wrinkled, matte surface. They are slightly folded along the central vein. The middle lobe is wide, with a blunt tip. The length of the brush does not exceed 6 cm, it is densely hung with berries (the average weight is more than 0.8 g). Currants are rather transparent, flattened at the poles. The separation from the stalks is dry. The taste of the Red Cross is sweet and sour, rated on a five-point scale at 4.

The red cross is one of the most popular varieties of American selection, which has found recognition in other countries.

Features of the variety:

  • does not need artificial pollination;
  • average productivity - 2.7 kg / bush;
  • almost invisible;
  • low immunity to anthracnose;
  • requires fertile soil.

Svetlana

The result of crossing Khibinskaya and Pervenets is recommended for cultivation in the Northern region.

Bushes of medium size with a slightly spreading, but dense crown. Large, concave along the central vein, five-lobed leaves with a leathery, glossy surface. Fruit clusters are long, densely covered with 10–13 small berries. Average weight is about 0.5 g. The skin is light red and tender. The Svetlana variety has a sweet taste with a slight sourness. The fruits do not have a characteristic odor.

The Svetlana variety, in addition to its rich taste, has another advantage - its berries do not fall off the branches when ripe.

Features of the variety:

  • frost-resistant;
  • does not form carrion;
  • does not require additional pollination;
  • high productivity - 5.5 kg / bush;
  • immunity to infections and pests.

New varieties

Among other things, work on the development of new varieties is also aimed at obtaining more advanced varieties. Artificially increases resistance to various infections and insect pests, increases the size of berries and the volume of the harvest. And also plants that are undemanding to growing conditions are created.

Ilyinka

An early maturing variety, the result of free pollination by Jonker van Tets. Designed for cultivation in Western Siberia.

Bushes of medium height, hardly decaying, dense. Unlignified shoots are glabrous with light green bark. Large dark green leaves are composed of five leathery, shiny lobes. The leaf blades are concave along the veins, bent downward. The central lobe of the leaf is much longer than the lateral ones. Clusters are small, about 5 cm long, but with large (up to 1.6 g) spherical dark scarlet fruits of a sour-sweet taste.

The Ilyinka variety was included in the lists of the State Register only in 2017.

Features of the variety:

  • winter-hardy;
  • self-fertile, highly productive - 5 kg / bush;
  • high immunity to pests and diseases.

Asya

Mid-season hybrid of Chulkovskaya and Maarses Prominenta. Growing areas according to the State Register: Western Siberia and the Far East.

The bushes are medium in height, rather loose, but made up of erect shoots. Young shoots are green with a reddish coating. Leaves of five large lobes of dark green color, with pointed tops. The leaf surface is slightly wrinkled. The brushes are large - up to 11 cm long. Currants are medium in size, spherical, with dark red skin. It tastes sweet and sour.

The Asya variety, tested in 2013, has long fruit clusters covered with medium-sized sweet berries.

Features of the variety:

  • winter-hardy;
  • yields a crop annually - 2.5–3.8 kg / bush;
  • susceptible to powdery mildew and spotting.

Marmalade

A very late-ripening hybrid variety obtained from the varieties Rote Spetlese and Maarses Prominent, grown in the Central Black Earth region and Western Siberia.

Bushes of medium height, dense, semi-spreading. Young trunks have a light pinkish bark. Leaves of five dark green, glossy lobes, on the underside with strong tomentose pubescence. The leaf blades are even, without bends, but wrinkled. The edges of the leaf are slightly wavy and raised upward. The central lobe is much longer than the lateral lobes.

Red currant variety Marmeladnitsa differs from others in a lighter, orange-red color of berries

Fruit clusters about 10 cm long, densely planted with flat-round berries (average weight 0.8 g). Skin color is orange-red, light veins are visible. Currant tastes sour, but has high gelling properties.

Features of the variety:

  • not damaged by frost;
  • average productivity - about 1.8 kg / bush;
  • not susceptible to powdery mildew and anthracnose.

Table: Recommended varieties for growing in different regions

Gardeners reviews

Red currant jelly, preserves, compotes are a storehouse of vitamins, which must be prepared for the winter to strengthen the immune system. Among the huge number of varieties, everyone will certainly find exactly the one that suits his taste.

  • Print

Landscape architect, graphomaniac and just a plant lover.

Rate the article:

(2 votes, average: 3 out of 5)

Share with your friends!


Varieties of Russian plum (hybrid cherry plum)

The parade of Russian plum varieties opens Gold of the Scythians - the earliest ripening period, which regularly bears fruit in our country since 2006. The tree is highly winter-resistant, medium-sized, high-yielding. Fruits are large, up to 30 g, golden-yellow in color with a waxy coating, amazingly sweet taste with a slight sourness.

At the same time, as if competing in beauty, it begins to ripen June rose... Large, up to 30 g, raspberry-red fruits of which have an excellent dessert taste. We have it since 2008. The variety is very fast-growing, high-yielding and highly winter-resistant. The tree is medium-sized.

Kuban comet - medium ripening period, very early (begins to bear fruit literally in the second year after planting) and has a high winter hardiness. Partially self-pollinated variety, therefore it produces fruits annually. The tree is medium-sized, high-yielding. Fruits since 1999, the fruits are large, about 30 g, burgundy, juicy, fragrant, excellent sour-sweet taste.

We are very happy with the variety Nesmeyana - the average ripening period, has been bearing fruit since 2006. The tree is vigorous, highly winter-hardy and very productive. The variety is resistant to disease. Light red fruits weighing 35 g each have excellent dessert taste with a delicate aroma.

Since 2006, the mid-season began to please grade Sigma... The tree is medium-sized, highly winter-hardy and fruitful, began bearing fruit in the 3rd year. Fruits are large, up to 30 g, yellow color with a solid red blush, good sour-sweet taste.

Partly happy with the harvest every year self-pollinated variety Pramen, yellow-green with carmine blush, the fruits of which reach a weight of 25 g, flat-round shape, excellent dessert taste, with a strong aroma. The tree is vigorous, very winter-hardy and high-yielding, bears fruit since 2004.

With a lack of moisture, there is a large crumbling of the ovary.

Cherry plum looks gorgeous at this time Tsarskaya, strewn with an abundance of yellow fruits, weighing about 30 g, excellent dessert taste. The tree is medium-sized, highly winter-resistant, disease-resistant. The variety is fast-growing, has been bearing fruit since 2009.

Continues the parade of varieties Chuk, late ripening, with large (up to 30 g) burgundy fruits - juicy, aromatic, excellent sour-sweet taste. The tree is medium-sized, bears fruit in our country since 2003. The variety is highly winter-resistant, disease-resistant, high-yielding.

Reference by topic: Cherry plum - planting and care. Varieties

The variety is not inferior to him in yield Huck, a medium-sized tree, which has been bearing fruit in our country since 2004. The variety is highly winter-resistant, fast-growing, disease-resistant, high-yielding. The fruits are large (30 g), yellow-pink in color with a continuous raspberry blush, juicy, sweet, with a subtle sourness, excellent taste.

Since 2006, we have been enjoying large, up to 40 g, burgundy color, excellent dessert taste, with a strong aroma of fruits of the variety Cleopatra... The tree is tall, disease-resistant and quite winter-hardy, so far no freezing has been observed.

The late ripening variety looks original Chimchuk, fruiting in our country since 2006. Its fruits are smallish, only about 15 g, but very elegant - yellow-pink color with raspberry blush, good sour-sweet taste.

Grew very slowly Tent, acquired in 2008. The first good harvest gave in 2013. Incredibly beautiful ruby-red, large (about 40 g) fruits of good dessert taste. The tree is weak, the crown is spherical, high-yielding, winter hardiness is above average, as it has repeatedly observed freezing of the branches.

Has performed well last year Found, purchased in 2008. Large, about 30 g, burgundy fruits turned out to have a good sour-sweet taste. The variety is mid-season, high-yielding, medium-sized, disease-resistant.

I was pleasantly surprised by the variety Cherry plum columnar, acquired in 2008. Its winter hardiness turned out to be low, since the annual grafts into the crown of an adult tree after wintering constantly disappeared, and since 2013 I did not save it. But the Kolonnovidnaya saplings overwintered normally, and last year we tasted large (up to 40 g), ruby-colored fruits with a strong waxy bloom, the pulp of which is very juicy, of excellent dessert taste. The berries were set on 3-year-old seedlings. Now I will adapt this variety further.

We were satisfied with the medium-sized and high-yielding variety Ariadneacquired in 2008. The variety is resistant to diseases. Fruits are large, about 30 g, ruby ​​red color, good sour-sweet taste.

Reference by topic: How to grow cherry plum. Planting and leaving


The best remont strawberry for berry business

Most industrialists more often use early ones in production - the production of remontant strawberry varieties is poorly developed both in Russia and in Ukraine and Belarus.

On the one hand, demand creates supply, and our citizens prefer the late one from supermarkets or nothing at all, having cooked from early jam - this is such a paradox.

On the other hand, the complexity of agricultural technology due to the peculiarities of the climate - the July heat destroys all hope for a good harvest, high costs for watering and shading.

Full fruiting begins only in August and early September, and there it is not far from frost. A lot goes into winter - and these are direct losses.

But in small-scale production, remontant strawberries are of strategic importance for business. Its gross harvest is higher in comparison with the early one, and it will be enough for the fresh market and will remain for processing - for all kinds of juices-jams and for drying.

Albion - a classic of the genre of American selection remontants. Became industrial thanks to a bouquet of qualities: the highest level of transportability, even identical berries, high productivity. Drought resistance is excellent - it feels good in the heat and heat in the south, winter hardiness is moderate - in the Central Zone of Russia, in the north of Belarus, it does not interfere with covering Ukraine for the winter.

Portola - American selection, eminent descendant of Albion. High-yielding, weighing up to 30 g. Fruits are in the form of a wide cone, firm, but do not sin with a crunch - unlike other hard-fruited, including Albion with Alba.

The pulp is juicy enough with a strong skin, good transportability - they don't keep bad things in the States, yes, they don't. One-dimensional, beautiful, but weakly resistant to fungal spotting - to help the fungicide gardener with the farmer, the benefit of their sea.

Monterey - another descendant of the overseas Albion, again, an improved version of the parent - as the originator assures, it is 25% more productive. The conical shape was borrowed from its predecessor, along with good keeping quality and the ability to transfer transportation without loss. It is thermophilic, in cold regions, great returns can be obtained in closed ground - film shelters, tunnels in the autumn or early spring.

San Andreas - harmonious taste, transportability, productivity - all these qualities do honor to American breeders, and to us - to us profit. One of the best varieties of remontant strawberries for a productive business in the village, one of the most promising for small production and industrial.

In the south, it gives up to 4 waves of fruiting, in the middle lane it is not afraid of bad weather, in the northern regions it is better to let it winter under cover. The shape of the elongated cone resembles the parent Albion, but has a higher productivity by 18-20%. Resistant to diseases, pests.

A few words about packing on a note

Diamonds need a frame - a fact: any of the best strawberry varieties for growing for sale needs a high-quality, correctly selected container. Without it, all our efforts will be wasted.

Important: after harvesting, do not pack the strawberries, collect them in containers - this is the only way to keep the presentation. After removal, in the presence of a stationary cooling unit, put it on cooling, transportation over a distance of more than 50-70 km without a refrigerator can become critical.

Note to the owner: it is convenient to pack strawberries for sale in small volumes in plastic containers, weight from 250-300 g, especially hard varieties - a maximum of 40-500 g, transparent plastic blisters with a volume of 200-250 g. A more advanced option is vacuum packaging.

Interesting baskets made of vine - at first glance, a primitive option, at the same time expensive, but colorful and roomy. Boxes are not recommended for long-term transportation of juicy berries, and even more so buckets - alas, the last century.

Let's hope that simple tips will help beginners and, in the long term, successful owners of prosperous berry fields, if you don't choose a variety, then think about the choice itself, feel the ground under your feet. A generous harvest!


Watch the video: Growing Blackcurrants in North America. Tahsis - Incredible yields, flavor, and growth.