Bryozoan: outdoor cultivation, species

Bryozoan: outdoor cultivation, species

Garden plants

Bryozoan (lat.Sagina) - a genus of flowering plants of the Clove family, which includes 20-30 species growing in the Northern Hemisphere, although some bryozoans can also be found to the south.
The Latin name of the genus means "feed": one of the representatives of the genus was intended for fattening pigs.

Planting and caring for the bryozoan

  • Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings - in late March or early April, transplanting seedlings into the ground - in mid-May.
  • Bloom: throughout the summer.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight.
  • The soil: loamy and sandy loam.
  • Watering: regular, evening, preferably by sprinkling. After planting seedlings in the ground - daily, but as soon as they take root, they switch to watering regime 2-3 times a week.
  • Top dressing: nitrogen fertilization - in early spring and early summer, phosphorus and potash - in early spring, summer and autumn.
  • Reproduction: seeds, sods.
  • Diseases: fungal infections.
  • Pests: aphid.

Read more about growing bryozoans below.

Botanical description

Bryozoans are low herbaceous annuals or perennials up to 20 cm in height with ascending, erect or recumbent stems that form sods. On the stems there are narrow-linear leaves up to 1.5 mm wide, growing together at the base into a short sheath. Small white bisexual flowers up to 10 mm in diameter, single or collected in few-flowered inflorescences, are located on long pedicels. The fruit of the bryozoan is an oblong box with kidney-shaped seeds.

Most often grown in culture bryozoan subulate, or Irish moss. It is the planting and caring of the styloid bryozoan that forms the basis of this article.

Growing bryozoans from seeds

Sowing seedlings

Bryozoans are grown from seeds, which can be purchased at a garden pavilion or flower shop. They are sown in late March or early April on top of a moist substrate laid in containers, consisting of equal parts of leaf and sod land. Cover the crops with foil and place them under bright but diffused light. At a temperature of 25˚C, seedlings appear within a week, and only when the seedlings of the styloid bryozoan begin to germinate en masse, it will be possible to remove the film from the crops.

In the photo: Moss bryozoan

When the small green needles turn into bunches of bright green bristles, the seedlings dive into larger dishes or are planted in separate pots.

When and how to plant

In open ground, seedlings of bryozoans are planted in May, when warm weather sets in and the soil warms up well. Best place for bryozoans - an open sunny area, although Irish moss grows in the shade, but then it forms less dense and dense cushions. Bryozoan soil prefers loamy or sandy loam.

In heavy soil, before planting seedlings, you need to add sand for digging. If the soil is suitable for growing bryozoans, be sure to loosen it well to a depth of 10 cm, remove weeds and plant residues from the previous crop and level the surface of the site.

Seedlings are planted, keeping a distance of 5-10 cm between them. After planting, the area is watered.

Sowing bryozoans in open ground

In an area with a warm climate, there is no point in wasting time growing seedlings: seeds are sown directly into the ground. Planting of the styloid bryozoan is carried out before winter: just scatter the seeds around the area, being careful to distribute them evenly. When the snow begins to melt in the spring and saturates the soil with moisture, it will pull the seeds into the ground with it just as much as needed. The first shoots of bryozoans will appear in mid-spring.

Caring for bryozoans in the garden

Care rules

In order for your Irish moss lawn to look attractive, you will have to take care of it: water it, feed it, and on the eve of winter, if severe frosts are expected with little snow, cover the lawn with spruce branches. If the winter is frosty, but snowy, the bryozoan will not need shelter. The plant does not need a haircut.

Watering and feeding

The main care for bryozoans is regular watering. The first two weeks after planting the seedlings in the ground, watering the lawn should be daily, but as soon as the seedlings begin to grow stronger, watering is reduced: even in a prolonged drought, bryozoans are watered no more than 2-3 times a week. The sprinkling method is most suitable for moistening the lawn from the bryozoan.

And keep in mind that Irish moss growing in an open area can only be watered in the evening, otherwise the sun will burn the greens.

In the photo: Blooming bryozoan

For normal growth and development, the bryozoan needs to be fed. Ammonium sulfate, which is necessary especially in the first year of plant life, should be applied in an amount of 45 g / m² twice a season: in early spring and early summer. Three times a year - in early spring, summer and autumn - the soil on the site is fertilized with superphosphate at the rate of 16 g / m². Stimulating the rapid growth of shoots and the development of resistance to cold with potassium, the plot is also fertilized three times per season at the rate of 10 g / m².

Pests and diseases

From excessive moisture, the bryozoan can be struck by fungal infections, which can be eliminated with the help of fungicidal preparations. However, first of all, it is necessary to revise the irrigation regime, otherwise the disease may recur.

The bryozoan has problems and not related to infections: in case of a sudden strong cold snap, it can freeze out, but if you fed the plant with phosphates in time and in sufficient quantities, this will help the bryozoan to quickly adapt to temperature changes and not die.

Growing bryozoans in moist clay soil, oversaturated with nitrogen fertilizers, can lead to the plant not falling asleep and will continue to develop even under snow if it falls on still warm soil. As a result, the bryozoan can vanish.

In soil with high acidity and excess phosphorus, especially with excessive soil moisture, the plant may suffer from chlorosis: the leaves and stems of the bryozoan become pale yellow. You can cope with the problem, spraying the bryozoan with iron chelate.

Of the pests, bryozoans can be attacked by green aphids, which are destroyed with an insecticide solution.

Types and varieties

Bryozoan (Sagina saginoides)

Or bryozoan Is a slow growing taproot groundcover that forms carpets of dense cushions. The shoots of the bryozoan pressed to the ground are covered with small light green needle-shaped leaves. The plant blooms in early summer with a few white flowers.

In the photo: Bryozoan bryozoan (Sagina saginoides)

Bryozoan (Sagina procumbens)

Or bryozoan bum - a widespread perennial with a height of 2 to 10 cm with recumbent or slightly ascending branchy stems, easily rooting at the nodes. Narrow-linear, sharp, base-fused leaves of this species with a length of 2 to 10 and a width of up to 0.5 mm are collected in multi-leaf rosettes. Generative and vegetative shoots extend from the leaf axils. Bisexual, small white flowers are located on long thin pedicels.

In the photo: Bryozoan (Sagina procumbens)

Subulate bryozoan (Sagina subulata)

It is an evergreen perennial that forms small but thick cushions up to 8 cm high, resembling moss. The plant's stems are creeping and branched, the leaves are small and opposite, the flowers are white, up to 5 mm in diameter. In culture, bryozoan subulate since 1881. Along with the main species, varieties of plants with yellow leaves are popular.

In the photo: Subulate bryozoan (Sagina subulata)

Bryozoan in landscape design

Designers successfully use bryozoan not only to create a lawn, but also for rockeries, alpine slides, rocky gardens and volumetric sculptures. Bryozoan serves as an excellent background for single bulbous flowers - crocuses, hyacinths, irises, daffodils and tulips.

Bryozoans are planted as a curb along garden paths, between stone slabs, slopes that are difficult to mow with machinery are also planted with Irish moss.


  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Carnation family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Perennial Plants
  7. Information about Herbaceous plants
  8. Information about Annual Plants

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Annuals Clove (Carnation) Weeds on M

Ixia flower - planting, growing and care, photo varieties

Those looking for original plants for their summer flower beds should consider Ixia. In June and July, it is covered with a mass of insanely colorful, shining colors of all shades of the rainbow. The plant will look great in combination with other summer flowers, planted against a backdrop of grass or in a large pot on a sunny terrace. How to grow ixia flowers - planting and care in the open field, watering, feeding, reproduction are discussed in this article.

  1. Colorful african beauty
  2. Interesting species and varieties
  3. Planting work
  4. Choosing a landing site
  5. Optimal soil
  6. Landing in the ground
  7. Planting in a greenhouse
  8. Growing and care
  9. Watering, feeding
  10. Digging tubers for the winter
  11. Growing in a pot
  12. Reproduction
  13. Diseases and pests
  14. Use on flower beds and containers

Description of the plant, species and varieties

This bulbous plant comes from South West Africa, belongs to the Iridaceae family, and is characterized by brilliant, colorful flowers. 3-5 flowers appear on each stem (sometimes 9), which come in many colors, differ in species and varieties (red, white, purple, yellow).

The plant has a height of 40-60 cm, forms growing vertically narrow leaves in the shape of a sword. Flowering begins in late spring, sometimes early summer; some varieties bloom in August.

The most common sparaxis are hybrids of the Sparaxis tricolor (tricolor) species, with many colorful varieties.

  1. Sparaxis tricolor, together with peduncles, is usually 40 centimeters high. 4-7 beautiful flowers are formed on peduncles. Tricolor petals with a dark ring closer to the center. Coloring is different depending on the variety. The bush is also decorative, with its xiphoid leaves forming the backdrop for the vibrant flowers.
  2. Sparaxis graceful (Sparaxis elegans). Representatives of the species are notable for their small height - about 15-25 centimeters. The petals are usually white or orange in color. On sale you can find a multi-colored mixture of varieties of this type - "Sparaxis mix".
  3. Sparaxis bulbifera (Sparaxis bulbifera) is also popular - the species is characterized by golden flowers. There are varieties with cream and white petals. Plant height reaches 60 centimeters.
  4. Sparaxis grandiflora (Sparaxis grandiflora) - the species is characterized by purple, white, sometimes yellow petals. Seldom sold, but also popular and decorative. Differs in high growth and intense pleasant aroma of flowers. The species is also called - Sparaxis fragrant.

Popular varieties

Sparaxis "Superba" - plant height reaches 30 cm. 4-7 flowers 5 cm in diameter are formed on each peduncle. The flowers are tricolor with a yellow center and a dark stripe in the middle. The edges of the petals are lilac, white, yellow, orange.

"Sunny Day" - the variety has beautiful yellow petals.

Alba maxima is synonymous with Montblanc - snow-white flowers with a yellow center.

The "Fire King" is crimson with a yellow center.

"Lord of Fire" - flowers with a yellow center, red petals.

Types, varieties

The genus Crocosmia includes 9 species. Crocosmia Lucifer and garden are hybrids. A typical species is Crocosmia aurea, which is characterized by yellow-orange flowers and is found naturally in eastern and southern Africa.

The garden form was bred in the 19th century by a French breeder named Victor Lemen, who also became famous for the creation of decorative varieties of ordinary lilacs.

Crocosmia varieties were obtained by crossing many varieties. They are different in color, resistance to adverse natural conditions.

The most popular varieties of montbrecia are:

  1. Crocosmia "Lucifer" (Luficer) - reaches a maximum height of 80 cm, has a unique, intense red color. Author Alan Bloom (1906-1997) is a renowned British gardener. This crocosmia variety loves the sun, it is better to plant it in a protected, sunny place so that the gusts of wind do not break tall flowers. The plant does not like heavy, clayey soils. Moderately permeable, fertile soils are preferred. The variety looks great with other crocosmias or gladioli, creating an attractive contrast in such compositions. Montbrecia can be successfully used as a cut flower for bouquets.

  1. Crocosmia "George Davidson" - the variety reaches a maximum height of 100 cm. Differs in yellow-golden color of the inflorescence. Yellow inflorescences framed by green leaves are a good combination that adorns vases. Davidson is a reliable blooming, superior montbrecia that won't be a hassle for budding growers. Requires a sunny, warm location. The plant is quite frost-resistant, at temperatures below -10 ° C it requires additional cover of the aboveground and underground parts.

Photo. Montbrecia variety George Davidson

  1. Emily McKenzie is a crocosmia variety with orange-red buds that appear from July to September. Fragrant, funnel-shaped flowers, stems 50-80 cm high.

Photo. Variety "Emily Mackenzie"

  1. "Mars" (Mars) - a variety of crocosmia with orange-red or red-burgundy inflorescences.

  1. "Orangerot" - a variety with red inflorescences, reaches a height of 100 cm.

Photo. Variety "Orangerot".

  1. "Jackanapes" - orange-red flowers, golden-yellow petals.

  1. "Meteor" (Meteor) - orange-yellow inflorescences.

  1. "Solfatare" - yellow inflorescences, brownish leaves.

  1. "Vesuvius" - bright red inflorescences.

  1. "Yellow Emberglow" - yellow flowers develop from orange buds.

Outdoor aquilegia care

Aquilegia is not a capricious plant. Caring for her is simple.


Aquilegia develops best in partial shade. If the sun's rays constantly fall on the bush, the flowers become smaller, and the shoots are shorter.

Soil for aquilegia

Well-drained soil is used for planting, since stagnant water is contraindicated for this plant.

Transplant and rejuvenation

Plants up to 2 years old can be transplanted, later it is likely to harm the root system. After 6-7 years, the aquilegia bush will grow. Once every 10 years old aquilegia bushes are advised to be replaced with new ones.

Watering aquilegia

Watering the aquilegia should be moderate. The soil should dry out between waterings. So that after irrigation the air can penetrate to the roots, it is advised to periodically loosen the soil and weed the weeds.

Types and varieties of pyracantha with photos and names

In middle latitudes, only 2 species of pyracantha are cultivated.

Narrow-leaved pyracantha (Pyracantha angustifolia)

This plant comes from Southwest China. The height of such an evergreen shrub is about 400 cm, there are thorns on the branches. The length of the narrow leaf plates is about 50 mm, they have a reverse lanceolate or oblong shape, their base is wedge-shaped, and the apex is pointed. The upper part of the leaves can be serrated or whole-edged. Young foliage has pubescence on the front surface. Mature plates are naked, and on their seamy surface there is a light gray pubescence. Corymbose inflorescences consist of white flowers, which reach 0.8 cm in diameter. Globular slightly pressed fruits reach 0.8 cm in diameter, as a rule, they have a rich orange color. This species has a fairly high resistance to frost. Popular varieties:

  1. Orange Glow... The height of an erect bush is about 250 cm, its branches are relatively sparse.The foliage is colored green, if the winter months are warm, then it remains on the bush. Such a shrub blooms in May. The rich orange fruits are round in shape.
  2. Golden Charmer... This variety is distinguished by its rapid growth and arched stems. The height of the bush is about 300 cm. The plant blooms in May with thick corymbose inflorescences, consisting of white flowers. The diameter of the orange apples is about 10 mm. This variety is resistant to drought and urban air pollution, but if there are severe frosts in winter, the bush may freeze.

Pyracantha bright red (Pyracantha coccinea)

Originally such a species from the southern part of Europe and from Asia Minor, this shrub prefers to grow on the edges, clearings and in light forests. A wide-spreading bush has a height of up to two meters, often its lower stems creep along the surface of the ground. The length of the glossy leathery leaf plates is about 40 mm, they have an oblong-elliptical or lanceolate shape. In the spring and summer, the foliage has a dark green color, and in the fall, it is deep red. The flowers are colored yellow-pink or white. Coral-red globular apples reach 60 mm in diameter. This plant is resistant to drought, but its frost resistance is relatively low, therefore, in preparation for winter, it must be covered without fail. The fruits of such a shrub can be eaten, in any case, the birds eat them with pleasure in the cold season. Popular varieties:

  1. Red Column... This variety is quite popular with gardeners. The height of the bush is about 300 cm. The flowers are small and painted white, they are part of the umbrella-shaped inflorescence. The deep red apples are small in size.
  2. Red Cash... The height of such a semi-evergreen shrub is about 200 cm. The stems are elastic and straight. Fruit color is bright red.

They also cultivate such species as: scarlet pyracantha and crenate pyracantha. However, they are grown in middle latitudes exclusively at home, since they have a very low frost resistance.

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