Vesuvius National Park, Vesuvius - Campania

Vesuvius National Park, Vesuvius - Campania


The Vesuvius National Park is located in the province of Naples (Campania) and was established with Law 394 of 6 December 1991, to which the subsequent amendments of the Presidential Decree of 5 June 1995 were added.

The park is entirely included in the area of ​​Mount Somma-Vesuvius.

Vesuvius, one of the most famous volcanoes in the world, is classified as a typical explosive enclosure volcano and its first formation dates back to 250,000 years ago.

In Roman times, the fact that Vesuvius was an active volcano was ignored, and it was famous for the extraordinary fertility of its slopes, covered with vineyards and dense woods where wild boars were hunted. In 79 A.D. there was the catastrophic eruption that destroyed Pompeii and Herculaneum, submerged by the mud caused by the rains that followed the eruption. Most likely it is after the eruption of 79 AD. that Vesuvius assumed the characteristic gemino aspect, that is from the double peak.

Today only a few sulfur fumaroles are active inside the crater.

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