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Correct cultivation of rocumball garlic

Correct cultivation of rocumball garlic


Garlic is one of the main horticultural crops that every summer resident grows on his site, but few people know about exotic and unusual wild varieties. One of these is garlic-flavored onions, which are actively grown in Europe and southern countries, but have not received proper distribution in Russia. It is also called elephant garlic or simply rockambol. This hybrid of onions and garlic will be discussed further.

What is the name of the garlic-flavored onion?

Garlic-flavored onions are a rather rare phenomenon, such a variety of rocambol is called, looking at which it is not immediately possible to determine which culture it belongs to. It is somewhere in between leeks and garlic.

By the appearance of the plant, we can say that its wide, green leaves are extremely similar to leeks, but the head that divides into several cloves is taken from garlic. It is worth noting that the taste of rockumbol remains at the highest level, it is less pungent than the usual garlic, and there is also no pronounced smell. Its application is extensive. Can be eaten as a condiment.

Description of the onion and garlic hybrid

Now let's move on to the description. The rocamboll garlic belongs to the lily family, and is a large large perennial herb. In Russia, it has been known about it since the 19th century, but it was most widespread in Europe and Asian countries, where this vegetable is grown on an industrial scale.

Nowadays, there are many names for this species, such as garlic, hairstyle, Spanish or Egyptian onion.

The greenery of the plant looks like a fleshy trunk, from which dense leaves, up to 6 centimeters wide, extend. They are painted in a rich light green color and are covered with a silvery coating. Depending on the growing conditions, the height of the leaves can reach 80-120 centimeters.

In the middle of summer, the rockumbol produces a peduncle on which small, purple, bell-shaped flowers are formed. They gather in spherical inflorescences. It is worth noting that these flowers do not form fruit, therefore they are essentially useless and it is recommended that they be removed immediately with the arrow.

The underground part of the plant is a giant bulb, consisting of 4-6 cloves, covered with dense and fibrous scales. On average, such a bulb reaches 6 centimeters in diameter and a weight equal to 100 grams, but with proper care and the introduction of the necessary nutrients, these indicators can be increased to 10 centimeters and 300 grams.

In the first year after planting the cloves, one should not wait for a full-fledged harvest, usually one-toothed teeth are formed first. When they are subsequently planted, a garlic head is formed in the ground, under the bottom of which children grow. Their number can vary from 4 to 20 pieces.

The taste of such a giant garlic vaguely resembles an onion, it is less spicy, but at the same time rich. The pulp is juicy, does not exude a strong odor.

Landing time of the wild giant of Rockumball

The timing for the exact planting of onion garlic can be determined based on the selected variety:

  • spring rockambol planted in early spring, immediately after the soil warms up to 4-6 degrees, usually such indicators occur in early to mid-April;
  • winter varieties planted in open ground before winter, 3-4 weeks before frost. Depending on the climatic conditions of the region, this time can come from the end of September to the middle of October;
  • it's worth noting that rockumbol has universal varietieswhich can be planted both in early spring and late autumn.

Rocumball takes root in the best way at low temperatures, so do not delay the spring planting.

Teeth or children are used as planting material, which are formed under the bottom of the head. You can also deepen the one-toothed teeth into the ground, which will appear after the first season of growing rockambol.

Before planting, the material must be prepared. To begin with, it is sorted by type and size so that the plantings are more uniform, while the diseased and damaged teeth are removed. Then the planting material is carefully cleaned of the upper scales and soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate a day before planting.

Planting a useful plant

Before planting rockambol in open ground, the soil must be prepared; for this, the dense soil is loosened to a depth of 25-30 centimeters, while light soils will be loosened to a depth of 10-15 centimeters. At the same time, the soil should be cleared of weeds, stones and other debris.

Rocambol prefers light soil, so loamy soils will need to be diluted with sand or peat.

For such a crop, soils with an acidity in the range of 6.5-7.5 Ph are best suited. In the event that the indicators do not correspond to the soil, you can make it less acidic using dolomite flour or ash. To increase the fertility of the soil, 30 kilograms of humus or rotted manure are introduced for each square meter.

During planting, the planting material is placed on the furrows, which are placed at a distance of 30 centimeters from each other. The distance between individual plants will be 12-15 centimeters. The denticles are buried strictly vertically to a depth of 10 centimeters. The soil must be moist when planting.

In autumn, immediately after planting, the soil must be mulched. This is necessary so that the garlic does not freeze during the winter frosts. Mulch is laid out in a 5-centimeter layer; straw, sawdust, peat, etc. can be used as material.

Care rules for growing a large variety

Rocambol has long been adapted to growing in the harsh Russian climate, therefore, in order to obtain a rich harvest, it will be enough for a gardener to carry out all agrotechnical work on the construction of a crop in time.

Garlic onions need regular watering, during the period of active plant growth, this procedure is repeated 1 time in 3-4 days, using up to 12 liters of water per square meter of planting. After the head is formed, the rockambol is watered as the soil dries up.

Such a culture needs regular weeding and loosening. This is due to the fact that weeds draw nutrients from the soil, thereby deteriorating the quality of the future harvest. Loosening is necessary to increase the oxygen supplied to the plant's root system.

Like many other plants, rockumbol needs timely feeding. Usually, this procedure is carried out 3 times per season:

  • before the sprouts appear, nitrogen fertilizers must be applied, these include urea, ammonium nitrate, etc.;
  • during the active growth of garlic, 1 square meter of plantings is watered with 3 liters of a solution prepared from 200 grams of bird droppings, 20 grams of urea and 10 liters of water;
  • during the formation of the heads, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied.

When growing rockumbol, do not forget about mulch, with which you can restrain the growth of weeds and maintain the necessary soil moisture for a longer time.

Collecting and storing a giant harvest

The collection of garlic onions is carried out after the lower leaves of the plant turn yellow. The fruits are carefully dug up and cleaned from the ground, after which preparation for storage begins:

  1. Within 30 days, the garlic is dried outdoors under a canopy or in a well-ventilated area. The resulting heads are afraid of open sunlight, they can wrinkle from it and lose their unusual taste;
  2. After the heads are dry, it is necessary to trim the foliage, leaving only a small tail;
  3. Until spring, the fruits are stored in a dry room with a temperature of no higher than 9 degrees.

If you miss the harvest time, irreversible changes may occur, during which the husk will fly around and the teeth will crack.

Rocambol is an unusual garden crop, a mixture of both onions and garlic. The resulting fruits have a pleasant taste. It is quite simple to grow such a plant, it is not demanding on the climate and other weather conditions.


A well-lit place for agriculture is chosen. Then the soil will warm up perfectly during the day. In addition, when planting and caring for rockumbol, you need to follow the crop rotation technique.

Bulbous crops should not be the predecessors of this garlic variety. In front of him in the garden should grow:

  • tomato
  • cucumbers
  • zucchini
  • pumpkin
  • legumes
  • cabbage.

It is not worth the time with the landing of the rockumbol. If you plant it in dry ground, then only the leaves will grow, and not the roots.

The soil for planting must be prepared in the fall. To do this, add up to 40 g of potassium salt and superphosphate per 1 m². If possible, wood ash is added to these fertilizers in a proportion of 110-190 g / m². If it was not possible to carry out such measures in October, then at the beginning of spring the site is fertilized with complex compounds or ash (30-40 g / m²). Also, farmers are advised to use rotted manure, which contributes to a good yield of side onions.

Growing rockambol in the spring requires stratification of the planting material. The bulbs must be refrigerated for a month before planting.

Preparatory work and the process of planting rockambol

First you need to sort out large, small and medium bulbs. Then they should be carefully divided into teeth, which should also be calibrated. This procedure is the most important in the agrotechnology of rockamboll, since the productivity and yield of the crop depends on it.

Further actions of the farmer are reduced to:

  • removing excess husk
  • removing bright yellow skin from children
  • soaking the bulbs in a solution of potassium permanganate or ash lye for 8-10 hours.

To prepare ash liquor, you need to dissolve in a glass of ash in 200-250 ml of water. The mixture must be boiled for an hour. After cooling, it should be filtered.

The listed procedures are mandatory when growing rockambol from children. In addition, the gardener is required to loosen and moisten the garden well.

Also, the farmer should strictly adhere to the crop planting scheme:

  • seeding depth - 8-10 cm
  • interval - 15-18 cm
  • the distance between the rows is 30 cm.

To protect the plant from the cold and keep moisture in the ground, the site is mulched. A mixture of peat, straw, and sawdust is used as such a shelter. The thickness of such a layer should be more than 5 cm.

The breeding methods of rockumbol largely depend on the cultivar. In some cases, this is done with the help of seeds or babies, in others - with teeth or snag.


Grow Rocumball Garlic

● Rocumball garlic is a very productive crop: plant heads can weigh from 200 to 500 grams.

People also call it a “two in one” plant - garlic and onion. And then such questions involuntarily arise: "Isn't he a giant hybrid of modern selection?", And "This product of the West is not genetically modified?"

● Don't worry, friends! Our scientists and traditional medicine have not found any problems with rocumball garlic. Industry experts argue that we should not confuse any concerns about this miracle culture, because rocumball garlic is a plant cultivated in many countries around the world since ancient times.

● It is also called onion garlic, Spanish garlic and Egyptian onion. Rocumball garlic is a herbaceous perennial plant of the genus onions: its thick stems and powerful leaves are very similar to leeks.

A tall arrow with a spherical beautiful inflorescence has formed on the stem, reaching a height of one meter, or even more.

● The inflorescence is formed by many lilac flowers, which look like small bells, which lack seeds. We must remove the flower head immediately so that it does not take away the active nutrients from the bulb.

On the surface of the bulbs there are fleshy scales. The teeth taste quite juicy, they differ from the taste of ordinary garlic - the aroma is garlic-bulbous (two in one). Babies ripen under the upper scales and on the roots.

● The stems of the plant, the leaves and bulbs covered with villi, are used by people as garlic in food. Reproduction of rocamboll garlic occurs in large bulbs, as well as in its children.

The product is very well stored, it can be cultivated as a spring crop, but the heads will become smaller than usual.

● The care is the same as for regular garlic, only you need to water more often so that the bulbs grow larger. Harvesting begins when the lower leaves begin to dry out and turn yellow.

It is impossible to delay harvesting in order to avoid the loss of children growing under the scales on the bulbs and roots.

Growing rocumball garlic

● If you decide to grow rocumball garlic, then follow these guidelines. Plant it in the same way as winter garlic, but keep in mind that when planting the cloves, you will get a two-year culture, and children - a three-year culture.

Unlike ordinary garlic, the plant is not so frost-resistant, so be sure to cover the garden with plenty of mulch (manure, straw, dry grass, sawdust, etc.).

● Planting time - September-October, plant to a depth of 7-8 cm, between rows should be 8-10 cm. You will need to clean the children, although this is a troublesome business - they have a keratinized, strong husk that does not allow them to ascend as for the denticles , you do not need to peel them - they have a regular husk, and they germinate well.

Rocambol begins to bloom in June, but at this time there are no seeds yet, so cut off the arrow immediately.

● Single-tooth onions will grow from small teeth and children, and large beautiful heads will grow from teeth. The plant itself looks much more elegant than our regular garlic, and its benefits are much greater.

Useful properties of rocumball garlic

● Rocumball garlic, as in ancient times, is considered a very valuable plant not only for nutrition, but also for maintaining good health.

Like garlic and onions, it contains vitamins A and C, organic iron. Allicin, found in common garlic, is found in the same amount in rocumball garlic.

● Moreover, rockambol garlic, unlike its counterparts, has diuretic and antiviral properties, promotes active purification of blood, blood vessels, successfully treats gastrointestinal diseases and strengthens the body's defenses (immunity).

● Moreover, the plant prolongs human life, prevents aging and prevents the formation of free radicals, which is especially valuable for reducing the development of cancer.

● If you have been bitten by a wasp or bee, immediately rub the sore spot with a rocumball garlic bulb, cut in half, and try to moisten the bite with plant sap as often as possible.

The result will not be long in coming - there will be no swelling (hardening) in the problem area, and the pain will go away very quickly.

Your protection against osteoporosis

● Rocumball garlic has been proven by scientists to prevent the thickening and hardening of blood vessels (arteries), which is considered a pathology and in medicine is called arteriosclerosis.

Relatively recently, medical scientists in England made a sensational discovery: women who regularly consume garlic and onions are more protected from the development of femoral osteoarthritis.

● Currently, the most common joint disease in which damage occurs to the knee, hip joints and spine.

This pathology in medicine is called osteoporosis. Women suffer from osteoporosis more often, the disease causes severe pain and can completely deprive the patient of the ability to move in a neglected period.

● English researchers are intensively working to study the effect of food on the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis. Based on long-term clinical studies, it has been proven that in nature there is not a single effective remedy, except for surgical replacement of the joint and pain relievers, that can alleviate the suffering of patients.

● While studying the pathology of osteoporosis, scientists focused on the protective effects of garlic and onions, whereby they found out that these plants contain a substance that reduces the amount of enzymes that damage cartilage tissue.

It was then that it became clear that there was no better remedy than rocambol garlic.

● Eat any form of rocumball garlic - fresh or canned. As for the leaves of the plant, they can be eaten while they are still young (not hardened), add them to salads or eat with other foods, bulbs can also be added to the salad.

How French chefs dine

● Finely chop the large chives of Rocamboll, add the sour apple, chopped a little larger, season with sour cream, if desired, add a hard-boiled chicken egg, mashed with a fork.

The recipe is wonderful in that, thanks to the fresh apple, the specific smell and taste of rockamboll garlic disappears.

Bon appetit, good health, God bless you!


How Rocambolle leucorrhoea reproduces

The Rocambol hairstyle, according to the description, is propagated by children, which are formed at the bottom of the teeth of an adult 2-year-old plant. They are planted in spring and have round, single-toothed heads. These bulbs grow into a giant garlic with 4-6 cloves in a year. A plant planted from a one-toothed plant produces an arrow with a peduncle, but gives seeds. A large head of garlic in a cool climate in the middle zone can form within 2 years. Winter landings must be covered.


Rocambol is a harmonious combination of two excellent bulbous crops - onion and garlic. What it is? This is a harmony of tenderness and sophistication in taste. The pungency, bitterness, unobtrusive garlic aroma make the dish delicious and with a unique taste.

Vitamin Rocambol is equally good for consumption, both raw and processed.
The cultivation of such a culture does not require special knowledge and skills.

Garlic bulbs "Rocambol" are planted in fertile loose soil in an open, lighted place. The distance between the rows is 30 cm, between the plants in a row - 20 cm. The average planting depth is about 9-10 cm. The stem forms a strong arrow up to 1.5 m high with a beautiful spherical inflorescence.

The only difference is that for the Rocambol variety, less abundant watering is required. Garlic does not like very moist soil, and in the Rocamboll bulb there is a part of the garlic and its dry matter, which should develop correctly with moderate moisture.

Onion rocambol gratefully responds to the timely introduction of mineral and organic dressings. Loves not the direct sun, but should not always be in the shade. Bulbs keep well. And subject to the basic rules for storing vegetable crops, they are able to lie until the very onset of spring.

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How to grow rockambol

It develops best on sandy loam and light loamy soils. Good plots are those that have had a lot of organic fertilization. Potatoes, as a predecessor, are unsuitable for Egyptian onions, since after it the giant garlic will be affected by Fusarium and nematode. The yield of a vegetable planted on ridges and ridges is almost twice as high as on a flat surface.

It especially needs watering in the first two weeks after planting and 1-1.5 months after germination.

Growing rockumball for sale is a profitable business

The plant is fed as follows: when seedlings appear, nitrogen fertilizers are applied (10-15 g per 1 square meter), and during the period of laying the cloves (end of May-June) they are fed with complex mineral fertilizers, infusions of chicken manure (1:10) or mullein ( 1: 8).

To have a good harvest of spring rockambol, it must be planted early in the spring, since the cloves root better at a lower temperature.

The signal for harvesting is the cracking of the cover that wraps the inflorescence and yellowing of the lower leaves. Delay in harvesting leads to cracking of the shells of the bulbs, their disease, poor storage and difficulty in finding children. Overripe bulbs fall apart during harvesting; it is very difficult to find them in the soil.


Rocambol is a harmonious combination of two excellent bulbous crops - onion and garlic. What it is? This is a harmony of tenderness and sophistication in taste. The pungency, bitterness, unobtrusive garlic aroma make the dish delicious and with a unique taste.

Vitamin Rocambol is equally good for consumption, both raw and processed.
The cultivation of such a culture does not require special knowledge and skills.

Garlic bulbs "Rocambol" are planted in fertile loose soil in an open, illuminated place. The distance between the rows is 30 cm, between the plants in a row - 20 cm. The average planting depth is about 9-10 cm. The stem forms a strong arrow up to 1.5 m high with a beautiful spherical inflorescence.

The only difference is that for the Rocambol variety, less abundant watering is required. Garlic does not like very moist soil, and in the Rocamboll bulb there is a part of the garlic and its dry matter, which should develop correctly with moderate moisture.

Onion rocambol gratefully responds to the timely introduction of mineral and organic dressings. Loves not the direct sun, but should not always be in the shade. Bulbs keep well. And subject to the basic rules for storing vegetable crops, they are able to lie until the very onset of spring.


Watch the video: Know about correct methods of garlic cultivation