Indian onions - medicinal properties and growing on a windowsill
Indian bow - "ambulance" on the windowsill
Unpretentious and fertile
About five years ago, a work colleague gave me a small onion in a pot. "This is a very valuable plant - Indian onion"- only she said. I liked the onion, and I began to look after her, watching with interest what would come of her.
The plant turned out to be unpretentious, it grew and grew, increasing in size. Once, looking at the onion, I found tiny children under the scales at the base. She did not touch them, deciding to let them grow and get stronger. When they reached about a centimeter in diameter, they fell off themselves. I transplanted them into separate pots with ordinary soil, they rooted safely and began to grow on their own.
Since then, I have produced countless offspring of the first bulb. She put the offspring in pots and gave them to friends. The onion mother herself also lives with me and is well. She turned into a real giantess, the size of a couple of fists, or to be precise, her diameter is more than 12 cm!
She seems to enjoy spending the summer at the dacha. For the last two years, after the threat of frost has passed, I plant the entire onion family in a garden in a sunny place (I bury only the roots and the lower part of the bulbs so that most of them stick out on the surface). I don't stand on ceremony with the "summer residents" - and without them there are enough cases on the site.
Life in the garden is good for them
Over the summer, the Indian onion grows prettier, matures, multiplies and multiplies. It remains for me to collect small onions, dig out the parents and transfer the whole family home. And this is where the problem arises: an overgrown onion requires more capacity and additional space on the windowsill.
Once, without immediately attaching the bow properly, I left it in the clods of the earth brought with it right in plastic bags, placing them in a corner on the floor. Days and weeks went by, and I kept postponing and postponing the transplant. The onion endured, waited, and then picked up and bloomed at the usual time. Then I began to water it, and it, as if nothing had happened, turned green with its emerald color, began to grow and develop.
Having experienced pangs of conscience, nevertheless, I made an observation: onions are unpretentious, hardy, and its surplus can be stored for a long time in the same way as I involuntarily did. By the way, baby onions do not dry out as long as regular onions, which means that they can be sent.
He is also a flower
At about the third year of life, at the beginning of winter, the onions bloomed. The plant threw out a long, half a meter, arrow, topped with a dense brush with numerous star-shaped greenish-white flowers. They bloomed gradually and for a long time, starting from the bottom. When the upper flowers bloomed, the lower ones were already ripe seeds. I was very happy with them, collected and sowed in the hope of getting the bulbs. Did not work out.
As it turned out later, the experiment was doomed to failure, because Indian onion seeds cannot be set without pollination. And in winter in the apartment, as you know, there are no pollinating insects. However, do not be upset about this - onions give a sufficient number of children: from one adult onion you can get about twenty.
"Ambulance" on the windowsill
So, the Indian bow came to me by accident. I gained my experience of growing it along the way. On the advice of experts, I tried to treat them with a piece of a sheet of whiskey when I had a headache, my lower back, when I caught sciatica. The pain disappeared quickly, although in the first minutes it burned about the same as from the finalgon, but unlike the ointment, the side effect of the onion passes quickly. To enhance the effect, a sore spot (lower back, for example) can be wrapped with something woolen.
I also use my "green doctor" to relieve itching from mosquito and midge bites. It is very convenient when you work on the site: the mosquitoes have bitten, and you go to the garden with Indian onions, break off a piece of a leaf and rub the bite site. It is also convenient at home: when at night the insidious "vampire" imperceptibly stuck to you, and you wake up from unbearable itching, get up and tear off the saving leaf, rub yourself and sleep peacefully on.
Of course, since the Indian bow settled with me, I tried to find out what is its value, which the donor told me about? For all its decorativeness, the main advantage of this plant is medicinal properties... It is equated with such houseplants-healers as golden mustache, aloe.
Refers to indian onion (he is Chinese and Mongolian) to the genus of poultry and is called tailed birdhouse, literally - Ornithogalum caudatum... He was nicknamed "tailed" for his flat, long (sometimes up to a meter, like mine), leaves hanging like a tail. He himself is from South Africa. It grows in the Mediterranean and in other warm parts of the world.
Researchers of Indian onions have discovered the healing properties of its juice (mucus), which contains active substances that increase blood flow to diseased parts of the body (this is where the burning sensation comes from when rubbing), which provides pain relief for arthritis, sciatica, osteochondrosis, gout and even toothache (attach a piece of the sheet to the gum in the area of the sore tooth). Onion compresses help with bruises, abscesses, swelling, and cuts.
But, they say that the Indian onion is poisonous, which means that you should not use it inside - you can get poisoned.
However, toxicity is not a reason to abandon the plant. As Paracelsus said, depending on the doses - all the poison and all the medicine. How can you not remember poisonous snakes, radon, celandine (my friend cured her son of cancer with them) and much more on earth that can be both killed and saved.
The properties of the Indian onion, it seems to me, have not yet been fully studied, therefore it is better to use it only externally. In this case, there will definitely not be harm - it has been tested on ourselves.
Photo by the author
Harvesting and storing onions
About a month before harvesting, loosen the soil in the beds and stop watering them. If it seems to you that the bulbs have not yet ripened, cut their roots a week before the planned harvest by inserting a shovel 8 cm below the bulb horizontally into the comb, and then in late summer or early autumn, choosing a fine day, you can harvest:
- bulbs that are almost completely on the surface of the earth are pulled out of it by the dried stems
- leave the onion for a few days outdoors to dry, but if the weather turns bad, move it under a canopy
- cut the roots from the bottom of the bulbs and shorten the stems, leaving only a neck 4 cm long
- so that during storage the bulbs do not rot their necks, dry them in a well-ventilated room at a temperature not exceeding 35 ºC
- fold the onions into nets or braids and store at room temperature.
Try not to be late with harvesting the onions, otherwise they will take root again and you will not be able to save them until spring. If, for some reason, you pick the onions late, burn the roots on the bottom with fire: the keeping quality of the onions will increase, but, unfortunately, you will no longer be able to get greens from such bulbs by forcing.
If you still have any questions on the topic of the article, watch the following video:
Indian onions: growing from seeds, from bulbs, care features
Indian onion is one of the most unusual and original plants that can be used to decorate a room or garden. To adherents of alternative medicine, it is well known as the tailed poultry farm - the culture is widely used in the treatment of various diseases and the relief of pain.
Any gardener can try the decorative healing properties of the plant, since it is unpretentious and undemanding to growing conditions.
How to sow Indian onions correctly, cultivation and rules for caring for a crop in a garden plot and indoors, possible problems and ways to solve them.
Description and characteristics
The culture belongs to the perennial representatives of liliaceae, and in natural conditions it can be found in South Africa.
In appearance, it resembles an ordinary onion - the root system is a fist-sized tuber, from which wide green leaves-feathers grow. Sometimes they reach 5 cm in width and a meter in length and curl at the ends.
Two years after planting, the onion begins to bloom - a long, straight peduncle grows on the tuber, on which small white inflorescences appear.
The tailed poultry garden is an unusual culture that is grown for decorative and medicinal purposes
If you break a feather of an Indian onion in half, you can see a thick white juice, which is used for therapeutic purposes. Thanks to this feature, the plant got its name - the term "poultry farm" is associated with the phrase "bird milk", and in some countries it is called "hawk milk".
Attention! The poultry garden belongs to poisonous plants - its parts are strictly forbidden to be consumed inside, but for external use it is the best fit, since it has a number of useful properties.
Growing at home
The culture grows best in ceramic containers.
There are three ways to grow a poultry farm - by seeds, "babies" and bulbs. The latter method is the easiest to carry out and most often gives a positive result. The most difficult thing is to grow a crop from seeds, but this option also has a number of advantages - it allows you to get strong, viable seedlings and reduce financial costs, since seeds are cheaper than bulbs.
Indian onions tolerate drought well, but do not like lower temperatures
In any case, one of the conditions for growing a poultry farm is a properly prepared substrate. You can prepare a soil mixture in different ways by mixing the following components:
- equal parts of leafy soil, humus and river sand
- one part of leaf and sod soil, two parts of river sand
- fertile soil and river sand in equal amounts with the addition of a pinch of charcoal
- equal proportions of perlite and peat.
For planting a poultry house indoors, it is best to use ceramic containers. They pass air well, do not retain moisture and draws out harmful impurities from the soil that are contained in the irrigation water.
Growing from bulbs
Indian onion gives many baby bulbs
Growing a plant with bulbs is very simple - you need to take a suitable container (it is important that it is not too large, since the culture does not feel good in bulky pots). A drainage layer like fine expanded clay should be laid on the bottom, prepared soil should be poured on top.
If the soil was taken from an open area, it must first be disinfected - steamed in the oven and spilled with a solution of potassium permanganate. Bury the bulb in the ground so that its upper part remains above the surface. Soon it will take root, and the first leaves will appear on the surface.
Important! Do not bury the bulb in the ground with screwing movements, otherwise you can damage the roots and slow down the growth process - you need to dig a small hole, put the bulb in it, fill it with earth and lightly tamp it.
Growing up from "kids"
This method is suitable for those who already have Indian onions. The plant has a high ability to reproduce, and after some time "babies" appear around the mother bulb, covered with a transparent skin. They grow, detach from the main plant and give birth to their own roots.
At this point, the small bulbs should be carefully separated and planted in the same way as described above. It is not necessary to do this right away - you can put the "kids" in a bag made of natural fabric, sprinkle with peat and put in a dry, cool, well-ventilated place.
In this state, they remain viable for two years.
Growing from seeds
Seed growing of a poultry farm is a long and laborious process
The most laborious and time consuming method of breeding Indian onions is to grow them from seeds, which gardeners call "nigella".
|Step 1||To speed up germination, put the seeds in the refrigerator for 4-5 months (the bottom compartment, where vegetables are usually stored, is best suited for this purpose). You need to calculate the time so that planting in the ground falls on the spring, that is, it is better to place the seeds in the cold in late November or early December|
|Step 2||Fill large containers with a substrate, sow seeds to a depth of about 1.5 cm, pour a layer of soil on top and water the plantings abundantly with settled water|
|Step 3||Place the boxes in a warm place with good ventilation and regularly moisten the soil. The first shoots appear after about 8 months|
|Step 4||As soon as 3-4 leaves appear on young sprouts, they need to be planted in separate containers|
Advice! After the formation of the bulb, the plant begins to actively develop - during this period it is necessary to ensure that it is not too deeply buried in the ground, as this prevents development. If necessary, you can gently scoop the soil away from the edges of the bulb by lifting it off the surface.
Indian onions require good lighting
Despite the fact that the Indian onion is considered an unpretentious crop and does not require special care, there are a number of rules that must be followed when growing it.
- Lighting. Indian onions are thermophilic plants that require a lot of light and tolerate heat much better than cool. The pot can be placed on the sill of the south or east window so that the leaves are well lit by the sun. Room temperature is quite suitable for growing it, but it is important not to allow the numbers on the thermometer to drop to less than 12 degrees.
- Watering. Watering the poultry farm should be moderate, in summer a little more often, and in winter only when the topsoil dries out by about 1 cm. The amount of liquid depends on the size of the bulb and the size of the container. Sometimes in winter, watering is stopped altogether - Indian onions can withstand a drought lasting 2-3 months without loss. But you need to spray the leaves regularly - this has a good effect on the condition of the plant. It is better to carry out the procedure in the early morning so that their surface has time to dry at noon.
- Loosening. For good growth and development, onion roots need normal air exchange, therefore, the soil surface should be loosened once or twice a week.
- Top dressing. It is recommended to feed Indian onions once every 2 weeks from March to August. For this, an infusion of wood ash is used - a tablespoon of powder is infused in a liter of water for a week. It is necessary to alternate such procedures with watering the plant with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- Transfer. The culture belongs to perennials (a bulb can grow in one place for 30 years). In order for the plant to bloom and develop, it must be transplanted every two years into larger pots filled with fertile soil.
- Cleaning. In winter, when the air in the premises is dry due to the working heating devices, the leaves of Indian onions should not only be sprayed, but also wiped from time to time. The dust that accumulates on them inhibits metabolic processes and interferes with normal air exchange.
- Reproduction. To obtain seed for propagation of a culture, it must be pollinated.To do this, you can use a brush (run it one by one over all the flowers) or put a pot with a plant outside the window for the bees to do this.
Advice! With insufficient air humidity or excessive watering, the leaves of the culture begin to turn yellow and curl - in this case, it is necessary to find and eliminate errors in the care, otherwise it may die.
Growing on the site
Indian onions take root well in any soil
It is even easier to grow a poultry farm in an open area - it does not require constant watering and pollination. The soil should be neutral and fertilized with humus or compost before planting the bulbs. For planting, it is best to choose a place that is well lit by the sun, but partial shade under shrubs and trees is also suitable - the culture takes root well in any conditions.
You can find out how to grow a good harvest of onions here.
The planting process is no different from planting the bulbs in pots - you need to dig small holes, plant the bulbs in them and half-bury them in the ground. Throughout the planting season, water is moderately watered, loosened and removed weeds.
Indian onion blooms with beautiful white flowers
Leaving Indian onions in the ground for the winter is possible only in regions with a warm climate, where the temperature does not drop below 12 degrees.
In other cases, the plant must be dug up at the end of autumn, moved to containers and looked after as a houseplant.
In the spring, when the air temperature is high enough, the plants are replanted and watered abundantly to stimulate awakening.
Attention! Indian onions growing in open places do not require feeding, as they take all the nutrients from the soil.
What the Indian onion is sick with
Most often, the plant is affected by fungi and harmful insects.
Diseases and pests are quite dangerous for Indian onions, as they can destroy plants in a short time. Most often, the culture is infected with fungal diseases and damage by harmful insects - aphids, spider mites, springtails.
- Powdery mildew. The spores that cause this disease are airborne and can also enter the plant during watering. When infected, a whitish or grayish bloom appears on the surface of the leaves. If there are signs of powdery mildew, the pots should be immediately removed away from other flowers so that they do not get spores. To combat infection, a poultry farm that grows in open ground can be pollinated with powdered sulfur, and indoors, the leaves can be treated with an infusion of garlic. The product is prepared as follows - chop 4-5 garlic cloves, pour a glass of water and leave for a day.
- Spider mite. Most often, it affects plantings growing in open ground, or indoor plants that are in a room with dry air. Yellowish spots appear on the leaves, which darken over time, after which the plant becomes covered with a cobweb with small red insects moving along it. To get rid of the spider mite, the leaves must be washed with a solution of laundry soap and treated with undiluted medical alcohol. In addition, you can purchase special preparations for the fight against harmful insects - "Akarin", "Fitoverm", "Vermitic", etc.
- Aphid. When aphids are affected, black spots appear on the leaves, which, upon closer examination, turn out to be a cluster of insects. The plant can be washed with warm soapy water and sprinkled with garlic infusion.
- Shield. The most dangerous pest of the poultry farm, which sticks to the leaves from below and causes them to turn yellow. It is better to immediately remove the leaves affected by the scabbard, wipe the rest with soapy water and alcohol.
Having got rid of diseases and pests of Indian onions, it is recommended to quartz the room, since pathogenic microorganisms and larvae may remain in other places. In the future, this procedure can be carried out regularly as a preventive measure.
Important! To combat pests of Indian onions that grow in indoor conditions, you need to choose the drugs that are as safe for human health as possible, and when working with them, observe safety measures.
Indications and contraindications for the use of Indian onions
Use Indian onion juice with caution
Indian onions are often grown for juice, which is good for inflammatory processes in muscles, joints and nerve tissues (sciatica, myositis, arthritis, etc.), fungal skin diseases, as an antiseptic. When using the product, it is important to remember the precautions, otherwise the treatment can cause serious harm:
- when working with a plant, you need to use disposable gloves, and then wash your hands well with soap and water
- when the juice gets into the eyes, they will need to be rinsed with water as soon as possible
- Indian onion juice can cause allergies, so be careful when treating (dilute onion juice)
- the juice of the plant is contraindicated for people with open wounds on the skin, dermatological diseases, tumor processes and diseases of hematopoiesis (tendency to bleeding, clotting disorders, etc.)
- remedies made from the juice of Indian onions have not been fully studied by medicine, so their use in some cases can give the opposite effect.
Indian onion juice will help cure fungus
Indian onion is a unique plant that has decorative and medicinal properties, takes root well at home or in the open field and does not require much time or labor.
How to care at home
Amazing inflorescences of the tailed poultry farm.
The tailed bird prefers a warm location. Indoor conditions are ideal for growing crops. In the cold season, you need to protect Indian onions from hypothermia.
It is not recommended to place ornithogalum near heating devices.
A thermometer mark below +6 degrees Celsius can lead to serious diseases and death of the plant. The close proximity of heating devices causes damage to the culture by pests.
The method of growing the poultry farm is very similar to the conditions for the cultivation of gladiolus. Before the first cold snaps, the bulbs of the plant should be dug up and stored in a cool room with sufficient air circulation.
The correct lighting regime ensures fast development of the bow. A short daylight hours or a darkened area can ruin the decorative effect of a culture.
Sufficient sunlight must be provided for successful breeding of a poultry farm.
Indoors, keep the plant on an east or south windowsill.
Watering the poultry farm
Excessive soil moisture has a detrimental effect on the condition of the flower. Watering the culture is necessary as the top layer of the substrate dries. The bulbous plant responds well to spraying. Spraying warm liquid increases the onion's defensive reaction. Yellow and curled leaves are the first signs of dry air.
The plant easily tolerates the change of soil and soil. The transplant is carried out once every 2-3 years or as needed. The appearance of roots in the drainage holes or the loss of the throughput of the substrate are the main signs of the need for a plant transplant.
Detailed information on transplanting Indian onions can be found in the video:
The plant must be cleaned of dried and affected areas. Unlike other crops, you should not remove the leaves until they are completely wilted.
In autumn, it is better not to cut off the ground part of the poultry farm in the open field, but carefully unscrew it.
Pike tail, or sansevier
Sansevier is also very widespread; growers love it for its unpretentiousness. Among the people, he has several other names, for example, "pike tail", or "mother-in-law's tongue".
Such a plant has rare healing properties, for example, it helps to withstand adverse conditions. In this regard, during the rampant flu and other infectious diseases, such a plant increases the immune forces of everyone who lives in the house.
Tincture, helps with inflammation of the appendages:
- chop the pike tail foliage and fill the glass by a third
- the glass should be filled to the brim with vodka, then the mixture should be poured into a container made of dark glass
- it must be placed on the refrigerator shelf for 3 weeks to infuse
- the tincture should be filtered through three layers of gauze, then placed in the same container for storage
- within 2 weeks you need to drink one large spoon in the morning and evening after a meal.
Indian onion is a useful and beautiful plant. She is able to decorate any flower bed due to her unusual appearance. The succulent, glossy leaves of the plant can save you from serious diseases. Delicate milky green onion does not require much effort to grow. This is truly a wonderful plant, famous all over the world for its healing ability, which is worthy of growing in every home. The benefits and harms of onions, which are used for food, will tell this material.
Indian onions - medicinal properties and growing on the windowsill - garden and vegetable garden
The botanical name of this houseplant is the tailed bird farm, the folk name is the Indian onion. In nature, it grows in the Mediterranean countries. This is one of the oldest medicinal plants.
The healing properties of Indian onions and how to use them
It received its popular name, apparently, from the external similarity with the common onion.
What is interesting and useful for Indian onions in the system of self-improvement? First of all, it is used for salt deposition, polyarthritis, osteochondrosis, inflammation of muscles and joints, various edema. Moreover, unlike numerous expensive pastes, gels and rubbers, the medicine is always at hand and practically free of charge.
One or two plants are enough for the whole family. If you are blown somewhere or your joints are "different" due to the weather, tear off a small piece of Indian onion leaf (2-4 cm²) and rub into the sore spot for 3-5 minutes. In this case, the leaf is frayed into gruel. Then cover the sore spot or tie it with a woolen bandage. All rubbing is best done at night. The same technique can be used for various edema.
In all cases of treatment, in contact with a sore spot, a burning sensation will be felt for 5-10 minutes. You need to be patient, in no case should you scratch the itchy place after rubbing, otherwise you can cause skin irritation.
If you do not tolerate this, you can make a vodka tincture from Indian onion leaves. To do this, finely chop 50 grams of leaves, pour 0.5 liters of vodka and insist in a dark place for 3 weeks. Then you can lubricate and rub the sore spots with tincture along with the leaves. This tincture can also be used for children, it does not cause a strong burning sensation.
Growing and caring for Indian onions
The poultry garden is a bulb that reaches the size of a fist, from which leaves (resembling lily leaves) emerge up to 5 cm wide and 60 cm long. During flowering, it throws out an arrow that ends with a pyramidal cone blooming with white small flowers.
Mostly Indian onions are grown as a houseplant, although they can be transplanted outdoors for the warm season.
In general, this is a very unpretentious plant. It does not need a lot of light and it will grow successfully even on a shaded northern windowsill. If you grow it on a sunny windowsill, then provide it with protection from direct sunlight.
To keep Indian onions longer and prevent them from growing prematurely, create cool winter conditions for them in winter. During this period, the most suitable temperature for him is + 8-10 degrees.
It is necessary to water the poultry farm regularly, but only after the soil dries out. A couple of times a month you can feed with organic or mineral fertilizers, he will be grateful to you for that.
You need to transplant as needed, but if you plant Indian onions in open ground for the summer, then this procedure will become annual. For transplanting, the most common garden soil mixed with coarse sand (2: 1) is quite suitable. It will be great if you add some charcoal to the mixture. To avoid soil acidification, there must be good drainage (sufficiently large drainage holes and a layer of expanded clay or clay shards). When transplanting, do not bury the plant bulb in the ground!
The Indian onion reproduces, both by seeds and by onion babies, which are formed on the surface of an adult bulb. If you do not plan to propagate the plant with seeds obtained from your own plant, then immediately after flowering, cut the peduncle so that it does not take away strength from the bulb.