The Plant Hunter's Retreat

The Plant Hunter's Retreat

Plant hunter Daniel J. Hinkley may be best known as an author, lecturer, television guest — from Nova to The Martha Stewart Show — and founder of the cultishly adored Heronswood Nursery, where he helped advance American plantsmanship one plant and one anecdote at a time. Today, though, much of his energy is directed inward as he tends the six-and-a-half-acre garden he’s dubbed Windcliff.

A vigorous climber harvested in China, Holboellia grandiflora frames the entrance to Hinkley's home. Photo by: Don Freeman.

“Windcliff is a personal odyssey,” Hinkley says of the grounds surrounding the coastal Washington home he’s shared with his partner, architect Robert Jones, since 2004. “It is a garden I know intimately since I mostly garden it myself.” Unlike his last space, this one isn’t open to the public. “It is gardening for our pleasure and nobody else’s.”

The property turns its back on an evergreen forest and opens up to the dramatic expanse of Puget Sound below, with Mount Rainier far in the background. At one end, a handful of charismatic native madrona trees (Arbutus menziesii) keep watch over the vertiginous cliff that establishes Hinkley’s greatest design challenge. “I now have to do battle with a view,” he says. “How do I make a garden intimate and not all about the bewildering openness of the sky and water?”

Before Windcliff, Hinkley helmed Heronswood Nursery for nearly two decades, where propagating facilities in Kingston, Washington, shared 15 acres with display gardens and native forest. Hinkley single-handedly wrote Heronswood’s yearly catalog — up to 250 pages — a catalogue raisonné that turned plants into objects of lust through deeply personal, whimsical, and adventure-packed prose.

That exuberance had deep roots. “As a kid growing up, identifying the plants that grew around my Northern Michigan home was an exceptional experience,” Hinkley says. “Combining that everlasting fascination with a love of travel and hiking, plant hunting was a natural evolution for me.”

“Plant hunting” is more treasure hunt than bloody chase: Plants are sought in their native habitat to be gently sampled — think seeds and cuttings rather than whole plants — and then grown in gardens for purposes ranging from scientific to cosmetic and ornamental. Hinkley got his feet wet almost three decades ago when a sabbatical from teaching horticulture at a community college led him to his first trip to South Korea. Today, with 20 countries under his belt, an average of 16 weeks yearly spent overseas, and visits to thousands of collections, he is considered one of the most prolific independent plant hunters of modern times.

The remote hills and valleys of the earth, Hinkley’s workplace, are fertile ground for chance encounters and colorful moments, from running into the queen mother of Bhutan (whose litter was being carried down a trail) to facing a band of angry Maoist insurgents in northeast Nepal. Baboons left him lunchless, and mudslides trapped him on precarious shards of cliff. “I marvel in witnessing all the snippets of culture that I’m unaware of,” Hinkley says of his forays.

A peach-flowered lobelia (top) doesn’t merit the prominent placement of a giant variation from Chile (center), which blooms almost ceaselessly and delights hummingbirds. Lobelia laxiflora, from Mexico (bottom), earns a spot right off the main patio. Photo by: Don Freeman.

Despite the thrills, Hinkley insists that, for the most part, his job “is nothing like an action-packed Hollywood flick. This is not about skipping through a meadow of beautiful flowers. Plant hunting is methodological, slow-paced, and happens late in the season in fields of brown spent seed.”

Yet this plant affair has enduring charms. “I never tire of seeing for the first time, in their native habitat, plants that I have grown at home,” he says. “the moment becomes attached to the plant and helps me understand the circumstances in which it grows and what companions it grows with, which in turn informs my principles of plant placement.”

In 2000, Hinkley and Jones sold Heronswood to W. Atlee Burpee & Co., which in turn sold the botanical and display gardens last summer to the Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe, which plans to maintain the gardens and allow seasonal public access. Since then, Hinkley, now in his late 50s, turned his attentions to the garden I have seen unfold since its beginning, when I traveled from my home in British Columbia, Canada, to become Hinkley’s intern.

Windcliff is a remarkably tranquil place to come home to. Jones is responsible for the beautiful, low-lying, one-story house that now gently dominates the front bluff. Minutely designed and carefully sited, this wood-shingled and generously fenestrated residence commands breathtaking views over the sound.

“Because you can see the two front acres from almost any room, I really think of this as a viewing rather than a strolling garden,” says Hinkley. “It is meant to be seen from the house, and large drifts of plants have been used.” Six-foot-tall toetoe grass (Austroderia fulvida) is practically dwarfed by this ample space, and hundreds of blond Nassella tenuissima create long, silky threads along the sunnier paths and between the bluest agapanthus. Hinkley confirms the reproportioning that results from context: “Grasses have here shown their finer sides; they’ve proven to be so appropriate. What’s the point of growing them if you can’t see through them?”

Windcliff may look out over Puget Sound and across to Seattle, but its garden is the result of three decades of plant collecting around the globe. Here, a Magellan fuchsia (Fuchsia magellanica) from the mild rainforests of southern Chile shoulders up to New Zealand toetoe grass (Austroderia fulvida), a hardy Chinese windmill palm (Trachycarpus fortunei), and salal (Gaultheria shallon), a lush shrub native to the West Coast. Photo by: Don Freeman.

Similarly, South African eucomis, dierama, and melianthus, as well as giant Chilean lobelia and Magellan fuchsia, have all taken to their dramatic setting. Windcliff’s microclimate welcomes them. Blessed by its proximity to large bodies of water, this area of the Pacific Northwest rates as a mild USDA Zone 8a. Summer droughts are cool and quickly alleviated; winter freezes are usually short-lived. “With soil that goes from sand to silt,” Hinkley adds, “I have gunnera growing next to ceanothus. I don’t know what to choose!” His gaze fixed on a swaying madrona tree, Hinkley says, “and this constant wind keeps the crown of my choicest plants drier and thus helps prevent winter rot.”

Hinkley has promoted countless plants, but his greatest advice doesn’t rest on a particular horticultural novelty but rather on a general ethos: “Be less tame; experiment! I wouldn’t be growing seven species of hardy schefflera had I listened to what was said.”

Windcliff is a testing venue of Olympic stature where plants from around the globe compete for shoulder space and attention. Only a few will find their way into mainstream horticulture. Such champions are now being released under Monrovia nursery’s The Dan Hinkley Plant Collection label, which consists of hardworking essentials that will please landscape designers as much as plant aficionados. These include his stunning Schefflera taiwaniana ‘Yuan Shan’, a hardy, subtly tropical-looking shrub, and his purple-leaved Hydrangea aspera ‘Plum Passion.’ This is a trustworthy selection of plants from someone who collected them by braving monsoonal Sikkim, India, to pick a better Hydrangea aspera and the high grasslands of the Drakensberg in Africa to search for a darker agapanthus.

Hinkley actually has other interests — he wrestles with the piano and talks about writing fiction. But at this point, those are private enterprises. It’s still the single-minded pursuit of plants that are more beautiful, more vigorous, more surprising that allows him, and all of us, the possibility of better gardens.

Dave Demers is the founder of Cyan Horticulture in Vancouver, British Columbia.

See more Pacific Northwest gardens

Back in October, when The New York Post broke a story about Hunter Biden’s laptop and investigations into corruption involving a presidential candidate, a conspiracy theory was floated to explain it all. It had all the hallmarks, we were told, of Russian disinformation. Dozens of intelligence “experts” signed a letter saying so.

The world now knows that the Department of Justice is investigating the younger Biden, and that this was not Russian disinformation. But somebody needs to tell Joe Biden.

On Tuesday at a press conference, Biden was asked by Fox News’ Peter Doocy if he still believes the story is Russian disinformation now that his campaign has admitted the corruption investigation is real. After laughing for an odd moment, Biden replied, “Yes, yes, yes,” before chiding Doocy for asking him about it.

Joe Biden laughs when Fox News' Peter Doocy asks if he still thinks the allegations against Hunter Biden are Russian disinformation:

"Yes, yes, yes. God love you, man. You're a one horse pony."

— Daily Caller (@DailyCaller) December 22, 2020

This is an astounding claim from Biden given that we now know that the DOJ has had a long and ongoing investigation into Hunter Biden’s taxes. The investigation is serious enough that Attorney General William Barr kept it secret so it would not influence the election.

Over the past two months, Joe Biden himself has never disputed a single reported aspect of the story. So on what basis does he believe that this is all Russian disinformation?

Biden has grown accustomed to a media that won’t ask him hard questions, but he is about to appoint a new attorney general whose job is to oversee a department that is investigating his own son. If Biden really believes there is no legitimate case against his son, that this is all a plot by Vladimir Putin, then how can we trust him with that choice?

It would be one thing if he were saying he trusts his son but wants the legal procedures to play out. Instead, he is citing a debunked conspiracy theory.

The Biden transition team needs to clarify this right now. Is it the position of Biden that The New Post story (which social media giants widely censored) and the subsequent stories from other outlets are a disinformation campaign? If the answer is no, then they need to correct his misstatement.

If the answer is yes, then they need to show some evidence. Right now, it just looks like Biden is tossing around conspiracy theories to protect his family.


Under the leadership of their ancient and powerful leader Jozek Mardulak, a colony of vampires seek a peaceful life in the desolate desert town of Purgatory. Key to the transition is the town's artificial-bloodmaking facility and it is just not working. Mardulak summons the human designer of the plant, who brings his wife and two young daughters along for what he thinks will be a pleasant desert vacation.

Ethan Jefferson is a vampire who wants to return to hunting and feasting on humans. Soon, the plant manager and his family are caught up in a civil war as Jefferson organizes a revolution.

In the midst of the vampire civil war a young descendant of the Van Helsing family arrives intent on destroying all vampires.

  • David Carradine as Jozek Mardulak
  • Bruce Campbell as Robert Van Helsing
  • Morgan Brittany as Sarah Harrison
  • Jim Metzler as David Harrison
  • Maxwell Caulfield as Shane Dennis
  • Deborah Foreman as Sandy White
  • M. Emmet Walsh as Mort Bisby
  • John Ireland as Ethan Jefferson
  • Dana Ashbrook as Jack
  • John Hancock as Quinton Canada
  • Marion Eaton as Anna Trotsberg
  • Dabbs Greer as Otto Trotsberg
  • Bert Remsen as Milt Bisby
  • Sunshine Parker as Merle Bisby
  • Helena Carroll as Madge
  • Elizabeth Gracen as Alice
  • Christopher Bradley as Chaz
  • Kathy MacQuarrie Martin as Burgundy
  • Jack Eiseman as Nigel
  • George Buck Flower as Bailey
  • Erin Gourlay as Juliet Harrison
  • Vanessa Pierson as Gwendolyn Harrison

Parts of the film were shot at Moab, Spanish Valley, Thompson Springs, Hittle Bottom and Arches National Park in Utah. [2]

In Creature Feature, the movie received 3 out of 5 stars, noting that it was infused with cinematic vitality [3] TV Guide similarly gave the movie 3 out of 5 stars, finding the movie to be enjoyable, but that the ending collapses under its own cleverness. [4] Entertainment Weekly gave the movie a C-, finding it to be anemic. [5]

  1. ^On DVD: Sundown: The Vampire in Retreat — A Lost Campy Fave Rises from the Grave
  2. ^ D'Arc, James V. (2010). When Hollywood came to town: a history of moviemaking in Utah (1st ed.). Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith. ISBN9781423605874 .
  3. ^ Stanley, J. (2000) Creature Feature: 3rd Edition
  4. ^ TV Guide (1991) Sundown: The Vampire in Retreat Review. Retrieved 8/15/2020
  5. ^ Sundown: The Vampire in Retreat (October 25, 1991 ) Sundown: The Vampire in Retreat Retrieved 8/15/2020

This article about a comedy horror film is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

FOR SALE Hunter’s Wildwood Retreat Home in Alderson, WV

Hunter’s Wildwood Retreat in Alderson, WV 24910

Hunter’s Wildwood Mountain Retreat is a unique design home nestled at the base of Muddy Creek Mountain and situated on 8.7 acres of mature forest with a stream roaring down a canyon.

Unique design home nestled at the base of Muddy Creek Mountain and situated on 8.7 acres of mature forest with a stream roaring down a canyon.
Spacious bi-level home with lots of natural light
1800 +/- sq. ft. home is very well maintained and overlooks the distant mountain ranges and estate grounds
3 bedrooms, 2 baths, open floor plan on the upper level with dining area, great room, kitchen, and the separate master bedroom and master bath. Lower level with deck access includes two large bedrooms, bonus room, large bathroom, and utility room.
Screened gazebo with power, and open front and side porches offers great space to entertain or just relax
Large sunroom provides a comfortable year-round entry

8.741 Acres +/- of true Appalachian Mountain
Mountain blue line stream with an elevation drop of approx. 260 ft. from top of property to the home area
All mineral rights convey*
Canyon with roaring stream cutting thru huge boulders
Ideal terrain for rugged hiking
Superior access adjoining state road * FedEx delivery
Incredible mature forest with trees trying to reach the sky
Beautiful native Mountain Laurel shrubs (Kalmia latifola)
Excellent timber species include beautiful oaks, wild cherries, poplars, sugar and red maples and hickories
Area offers unlimited soft recreational activities including rafting, camping, golfing, fishing, swimming, hiking, bird watching, nature viewing, rock climbing and snow skiing
Unique mature forest offers exceptional wildlife and plant diversity
Near the Mon NF, 5 State Parks, New River Gorge NP and 2000-acre Bluestone Lake
Trails provide access to every corner of the property
Abundant fur bearing species of deer, squirrel, rabbit, black bear, chipmunk
Winged wildlife includes eagles, hawks, owls, buzzards, ravens, wild turkey, and Neotropical songbirds
Elevations run from 1975′ to 1715′
Electric on the property and phone in place
Low taxes, low population density
Google Coordinates: 80.625320 W, 37.730008 N
Address: 373 Muddy Creek Mountain Road, Alderson, WV 24910
Elevation Range: 1975 ft to 1715

Upper level main room open floorplan
3 Bedrooms
2 Baths
Outstanding decks and porches
Quality log construction
Wonderful sunroom with abundant light
Hot tub
Screened Gazebo with electric
Major appliances convey
Beautiful landscaping and flower gardens

Home Room Dimensions
Upper Level
Living Room 16 ft. x 22 ft.
Dining Room 10 ft. x 12 ft.
Kitchen 10 ft. x 10 ft.
Master Bedroom 12 ft. x 16 ft.
Master Bath 6 ft. x 10 ft.

Lower level
Bedroom 12 ft. x 14 ft.
Bedroom 12 ft. x 14 ft.
Bath 10 ft. x 12 ft.
Laundry 5 ft. x 8 ft.
Total Living Space = 1800 sq. ft.
Outbuilding Dimensions

West Virginia is one of the states in the US that has two separate ownership titles: those being SURFACE RIGHTS and MINERAL RIGHTS. The mineral rights are believed to be intact and all rights the owner has will convey with the property. A mineral title search could be conducted by a title attorney at the same time when the surface title search is being conducted.

The property will be conveyed by the existing boundary. The property is being by the boundary and not by the acre.

Access is directly from Muddy Creek Mountain Road County Route 40 a paved school bus route. The property has over 2200 feet of frontage along Muddy Creek Mountain Road.

Water: Outstanding well
Sewer: Septic system
Electricity: First Energy
Telephone: Frontier and Suddenlink are the primary providers for landline service
Internet: Current provider is Frontier Communication DSL, also Suddenlink and other providers may be available
Cell phone Coverage: Excellent

Greenbrier County is subject to some zoning and subdivision regulations. All prospective buyers should consult the County Commission and the Health Department for details regarding zoning, building codes and installation of septic systems.
Information can be found at the county website:

Hunter’s Wildwood Retreat is designed as a year around mountain home residence.
Deed Information: Deed Book 322 Page 418 and Deed Book 448 Page 612
Acreage: 8.741 Acres
Real Estate Tax ID/Acreage/Taxes:
Greenbrier County, West Virginia
Blue Sulphur District 3
Tax Map 40 Parcel 74
2019 Real Estate Taxes: $310.39

Greenbrier County School District
Public Elementary School:
Alderson Elementary School
Public Middle School:
Eastern Greenbrier Middle School
Public High School:
Greenbrier East High School
New River Community and Technical College (Lewisburg campus)
West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine

Private Schools:
Greenbrier Episcopal School (PK-8)
Greenbrier Valley Academy (2-8)
Lewisburg Baptist Academy (PK-12)
Renick Christian School (2-7)
Seneca Trail Christian Academy (PK-12)

Hunter’s Wildwood Retreat Home is located just outside of Alderson, West Virginia. It is beautiful bi-level home with large decks, sunroom, and includes 3 bedrooms and 2 baths. Hunter’s Wildwood Retreat is supported with a great community known for its friendly residents and laidback lifestyle. The largest and most popular 4th of July day parade in the state is hosted by Alderson. The town of Alderson offers amenities including city park with baseball and softball, public river access, churches, elementary school, pharmacy, hardware/farm supply store, motel, bank, veterinarian, accountant, insurance agency, Dollar General, Family Dollar, gas/convenience stores, medical clinic and restaurants. Alderson is also home to “Camp Cupcake”, the minimum-security federal prison where Martha Stewart spent her vacation.
Historic Camp Greenbrier for Boys is part of the summer season with campers from many states. Camp Greenbrier has been in existence since 1898 providing a great environment for the campers and staff.
The water enthusiast will enjoy living in the Greenbrier Valley and the benefit from the nearby Greenbrier River. Greenbrier State Park, Moncove Lake and Sherwood Lake are an easy drive times to enjoy as well as the nearby New River, 2000-acre Bluestone Lake, Bluestone State Park and Pipestem Resort.
In 5 minutes, you can catch the Amtrak train in Alderson and ride to the Greenbrier Resort, Chicago or New York City. The nearby Greenbrier Valley Airport, with the longest runway in the state, is just 25 minutes away and has daily flights to Chicago O’Hare and Dulles-Washington DC.
The 14,000-acre BSA High Adventure Camp is about an hour’s drive.

The Greenbrier Valley and surrounding area is richly blessed with a wide array of cultural events that keep life in the valley interesting and satisfying.
Lewisburg, which is the Greenbrier County seat, was voted the Coolest Small Town in America, combining the warmth of a close community with the sophistication of more urban locations. The thriving downtown historic district offers year-round live productions presented at the State Professional Theatre of WV, Carnegie Hall, distinctive dining venues, antique shops, award-winning galleries/boutiques, and two summer-season farmer’s markets. Greenbrier Valley Medical Center is a modern hospital and all attendant medical facilities, along with the many big box stores.
The world-renowned Greenbrier Resort, with 800 rooms and 1600 employees, is located nearby in the sleepy little town of White Sulphur Springs. The 4-Star resort has a subterranean casino and is home to the PGA tour, the “Greenbrier Classic”. Several other area golf courses are available in the area. Rock climbing, ziplining, horseback riding and the 600 + mile long Hatfield-McCoy ATV trail makes for a very active recreation area. The Greenbrier River Trail is a must for family adventure with its 78 miles of nature to enjoy.
Lewisburg is home to the WV Osteopathic Medical School (600 students) and the New River Community and Technical College. The area is a strong economic generator with a solid workforce employed in county/state government, tourism, hospitality, medical, education, retail, construction, wood products, mining and agriculture.

Randy S. Burdette, call or text 304.667.2897

[email protected]


1029 Washington Street E., Lewisburg, WV 24901

Richard Grist. Broker, Forester, Auctioneer.

Office phone 304-645-7674

The Plant Hunter's Retreat

The first annual Get Loved Up Retreat took place Febraury 19th-21st.

The Get Loved Up Virtual Retreat is the lovechild of Wellness Visionary and Educator Koya Webb. Presenting best-in-class conversations, talks, wellness sessions and demonstrations from the world’s leading well-being advocates. This 3-Day self-care retreat was developed to empower and inspire you in the areas of spirituality, wellness and entrepreneurship while nourishing your mind, body and soul.

You will gain access to some of the world’s most inspiring thought leaders who will show you how to shift your limiting beliefs into a liberating reality.

Our Purpose is to educate in the areas of spirituality, wellness and entrepreneurship and to promote love consciousness worldwide. Simply, to preserve and improve human life.

Our Vision is to collaborate with the world’s most influential thought leaders to collectively shift the world's energy from fear-based living to love-based living through communication and education.

Our Mission is to produce life-changing resources and events that spread love consciousness and raise the collective vibration on our planet. We are also on a mission to create 10,000 impacts through our Loved Up Event, and have teamed up with Beusail to Give Love every time someone chooses an impact. For every person that chooses an impact, Beusail will donate $1 to a project of your choice from the United Nations SDGs.

Register to Create an Impact today- here .

If you’re ready to boost your energy levels, deepen your spiritual connection and learn how to serve your community abundantly, then look no further than the 2021 Get Loved Up Virtual Retreat.

Show yourself some love by prioritizing your self care and Get LIFETIME access to the Get Loved Up Retreat for an by purchasing the replay of the retreat- here

Prices of the replay are subject to go up, so don’t wait . Purchase TODAY.

*Replay's of all sessions are available to watch immediately after purchase.

Until then share this retreat with as many people as you can and Get Loved Up. Love yourself, Love others and Love the world one day at a time one breath at a time

As a gift to the Get Loved Up Community, fill out the form below and get a digital copy of Koya Webb's Book: Let Your Fears Make You Fierce.

When: September 27 - 28 2019
Where: Berg Auditorium, Huck Life Sciences Building
Who: Open to everyone, registration required

The 2019 Bioinformatics and Genomics retreat will be held on Friday, September 27 and Saturday September 28 and will feature Dr. Jane Carlton, from New York University as the keynote speaker. She will be presenting her talk: "Characterizing the New York City Urban Microbiome". There will also be a wide range of faculty and student talks, poster sessions and a workshop. The retreat is open to everyone and attendance is free, but you must register before Sep 18th. Registration provides us with the headcount that is critical for organizing the event.

Poster Session: We strongly encourage you to bring a poster to the retreat. The poster session will be held concurrently with the Saturday lunch.

Lightning Talks: We will be holding two sessions of lightning talks by graduate students. The lightning talk will be of 90 seconds duration and you will be permitted to use only ONE powerpoint slide. If you are interested in presenting your work in this format, please register. Please note: You do not have to present a poster in order to give a lightning talk.

Workshop: How to Explain Your Job to Family/Friends Outside the Sciences: A Science Communication Workshop. This student-run workshop will be held on Saturday. Students will learn about key factors of science communications and leave the workshop with a two-minute “elevator speech” ready for usage.

History of Pendleton SC (c.1790)

Pictorial time line of the the history and evolution of Pendleton, SC, one of the oldest towns in the Upcountry SC. Pendleton was the home of John C. Calhoun and once a summer resort for the wealthy folks of Charleston.

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  1. 1. History Of Pendleton, SC Time Line & Pictorial History Leadership Pendleton 2013 Class
  2. 2. On the Frontier
  3. 3. On the Frontier 1777 Indians who sided with British during Revolution vacated most of their lands in SC upstate after major defeat to the patriots. 1785 Signing of Peace Treaty at Treaty Oak with Cherokee, Choctaws and Chickasaw officially ceded their lands in South Carolina
  4. 4. The Evolution of Pendleton District 1785 The previous six colonial judicial districts were divided into counties and much of the recently acquired Cherokee lands became part of Ninety Six District. 1788 South Carolina officially became a State. 1789 The previous Indian lands were divided into two counties, the western 1,870 square miles became Pendleton County and the eastern portion became Greenville County. 1791 Pendleton and Greenville Counties became part of the new Washington District with Pickensville as its court house town. 1800 Due to increasing population, Pendleton County became its own District with the village of Pendleton as its judicial center. The 1800 census for Pendleton District was 20,052 including 2,224 slaves making it the fourth most populous district behind Charleston, Beaufort, and Colleton Districts. 1816 The last of the Indian lands in the NE corner of the State were added to the Pendleton District increasing it to 1,940 square acres.
  5. 5. Founding of Pendleton 1789 Commissioners selected to establish the new Pendleton County court house town purchased 885 acres from Isaac Lynch, located in the center of the new Pendleton county at the intersection of the roads leading to Cherokee and Catawba territories and just south of 18 Mile Creek. 1789 Samuel Loftis, Pendleton County’s first Sheriff and a commissioner built a 2- story brick building on lands that later became known as Ashtabula Plantation. John Miller, a commissioner and printer, built his house in the site selected for Pendleton village. His house is no longer standing. 1790 Village of Pendleton formally laid out with 55 town lots . A temporary log courthouse was built N. of the current public square. Land sale listed in Deeds Book A, Page 1. 1793 First mercantile firm of Wadsworth, Turpin and Steele established in Pendleton by Wm Steele on S. side of public square, now location of Village Baker Cafe. Steele was Pendleton’s first postmaster with the post office in his store. Lowther Hall, one of oldest house still existing in downtown Pendleton, built by Wm. Hunter. 1800 Low country planters first began purchasing land in area for speculation
  6. 6. Andrew Pickens Pendleton’s Earliest Settler 1785 Gen. Andrew Pickens. One of earliest settlers in the area, built a large log house on 573 acres along Seneca River and established Hopewell Plantation. (Now on Clemson University property in Pickens County) 1789 Pickens founded Hopewell-Keowee Presbyterian Church in Pendleton County (now Pickens County) close to his plantation. The building was a wood structure that burned during 1790’s. Pickens designated a county commissioner to assist in establishing Pendleton Village. 1802 Hopewell Presbyterian Church, now known as the Old Stone Church, was completed replacing the previously burned wooden church structure. 1805 Andrew Pickens vacates Hopewell to move to Tomassee since Pendleton Village was become “too populated”. Left Hopewell to his son.
  7. 7. Pendleton’s Early Growth as Courthouse Town 1807 Inauguration of Miller’s Weekly Messenger (John Miller, Publisher), westernmost newspaper in the nation at the time. Became the Pendleton Messenger after his death and later taken over by Fred. Symmes as publisher. 1807 A magazine, “ The Farmer and the Planter” began publication in Pendleton as well. 1810 - 1814 Many wealthy Charlestonians began building summer Plantations in Pendleton area to escape the fear that Charleston would be burned by the British in War of 1812 as well as for its healthy climate and opportunities for agriculture. Charleston society brought their culture and amenities with them creating a “elegant” upcountry environment. 1815 Pendleton Farmer’s Society founded, Thomas Pinckney first President (still in operation today)
  8. 8. Pendleton, Early Summer Resort 1815 – 1825

1810 1811  New permanent brick courthouse build on public square.  First jail built on public square  Circulating library founded with public money, operated until 1925. 1819 St. Paul’s Episcopal Church organized by new residents from the Low country 1821 New two-story brick jail built off the square on W. Queen St. (now a residence, Marshalsea) 1822 St. Paul’s Church sanctuary completed 1824 New larger Presbyterian Church built on E. Greenville St. to be closer to town, replacing the Old Stone Church.

1825  Male Academy established on land where Town Hall and Anderson School Dist 4 buildings now located  Two hotels opened (Tom Cherry’s Inn and the Eagle Hotel)  Beyond the village lay the fairgrounds 9. Maverick Family in Pendleton 1802 Samuel Maverick was a successful businessman in Charleston in the mercantile business of Wadsworth, Turpin (uncle) and Maverick … married daughter of Robert Anderson in Pendleton in 180.2 1802 1809 Samuel Maverick built his summer plantation house “Montpelier”

4 miles E. of town on 4,400 acre farm on site where Refuge Baptist Church now located (SC88). He made it his permanent home in 1809 after loosing a child to yellow fever in Charleston. House burned in 1848 and new larger house built on hilltop across SC88. 1809 Samuel Maverick bought mercantile business of Wadsworth, Turpin and Steele (on square) to become one of area’s wealthiest businessmen. 1810 - 1852 Samuel Maverick buys significant amount of land to become one of the largest landowners SC, AL and GA 1837 Son Samuel Augustus (Gus) Maverick moved to AL and then to Texas where he was a lawyer and politician.

  • 10. “ If any American had wanted to lay his finger on the pulse of Southern public opinion between 1825 and 1850, he would have found no better place for that purpose than Pendleton, South Carolina.” . . . Margaret L. Coit “John C. Calhoun, American Portrait” Pendleton 1825 – 1850 The Acknowledged Center of Business, Government and Culture for Entire Upstate
  • 11. Pendleton

    1826 Largest Town in SC Upstate

  • 12. Pendleton’s Transition from Courthouse Town 1826 1828 New brick Courthouse begun on public square Before completion, the SC Legislature voted to divide Pendleton District into Anderson and Pickens Districts due to increasing population. Pendleton continued to serve as courthouse town until 1828 when the new courthouses completed in Anderson and Pickens. • New jail on W. Main St. sold and converted to Female Academy. • Courthouse purchased by Farmer’s Society as meeting hall. • Famer’s Society completed construction.
  • 13. Agricultural Economy 1800-1835 Invention of workable cotton gin made upland cotton (short- staple) most cost effective cash crop in the Upstate. Beginning in mid-1830’s Low cotton prices and depletion of soil caused by one-crop farming causing many SC planters sons to move to new cotton lands further west (Alabama , Mississippi and Texas ). 1837 Panic of 1837 (depression) caused 850 US banks to close and rendered cotton and tobacco crops as well as paper currency worthless. 1825-1850 Since Anderson & Pickens Counties were settled much later than the southern Piedmont and Lowcountry, fewer large scale plantations were developed prior to the decline of cotton. As a result, Anderson County was less effected by the decline of the cotton industry.
  • 14. Agricultural Economy 1840 - 1850 Anderson County was second largest producing county for wheat and also produced rye, oats, corn, cotton, potatoes and livestock as well as butter and cheese, flax, silk, honey and beeswax Wealthy Charlestonians continued their summer migration to Pendleton and the local population continued to grow. There were about 20 small plantations in the Pendleton area each employing about 30 slaves making the Pendleton area one of the largest concentration of black slaves in the Upstate. No farm employed more than 70 slaves.
  • 15. John C. Calhoun in Pendleton  In 1826, after a long sojourn in Washington City, then Vice President John C. Calhoun choose to buy a farm in the Pendleton area to revitalize his career in SC politics and because of the area’s good climate and agriculture.  Calhoun presence in Pendleton from 1826 – 1850 gave Pendleton a significant standing in the political arena leading up to the Civil War.  John C. Calhoun was Vice President of the US under Presidents J.Q. Adams and Jackson (1824 – 1832) and leading Senator from SC from 1832 – 1850 (Calhoun’s senate seat now occupied by Sen. Lindsey Graham).
  • 16. Calhoun’s Nullification Doctrine 1826 - 1833 Calhoun set the stage for the session of the Southern States leading to the Civil War with his doctrine of Nullification. Calhoun formulated “Nullification” doctrine as a result of the Tariff Act of 1824 which imposed a tariff on the importation of European goods to protect the New England manufacturers from foreign competition. Since three-fourths of the South’s rice, cotton, and indigo was traded in Europe under a system of barter and exchange returning home with needed goods, the 50% increase in tariffs by 1818 on imported items needed in the South and the potential for European countries to impose a retaliatory tariffs would essentially eliminate its European market and force the South to sell to the Northern manufacturers at whatever price was offered or… change its industry base completely.
  • 17. US Customs Tariff Tariff on imported goods was implemented in 1789 to generate income to pay Revolutionary war debts but continued to be the largest source of Federal income until income tax enacted in 1913. Initial duty rates were very low . . . 5 – 12% of value of imported goods. Evolved into a protective tariff and therefore a divisive issue setting New England, the Southern and the Western States against each other leading up to the Civil War.
  • 18. History of US Tariffs 1816 First protective tariff on imports enacted to protect emerging US industry and designed to 1) develop profitable home market for US goods and 2) provide funds for internal improvements including the building of the Erie Canal. Customs Duty Rate = 20 – 25% of value of imported goods. 1824 Tariff duty rate increased to 37% of value of imported goods 1828 Tariff duty rate increased to 45% of value of imported goods – referred to as the “Tariff of Abomination” by Southern states 1833 Compromise Tariff reduced duty rates over 8 years (1842) to level of 1816 tariff 1842 Tariff duty rate returned to 32% of value of imported good essentially overturning the compromise tariff 1857 Economic “panic” – tariff duty rates reduced again to

    20% 1861 (early) Morrill Tariff Act increased duty rate by 5 – 10% bringing them back to levels of 1846.

  • 19. Impact on South Carolina Economy  By 1840, SC no longer the leading cotton producing state as soil became depleted.  By 1850, Charleston no longer part of direct European trade route, became satellite of NY, Boston and Philadelphia ports as result of ever increasing protective tariffs.  Anti-business climate prevailed although 18 small textile factories including one in Pendleton emerged in the Upstate to compete with New England
  • 20. Pendleton . . . A microcosm of South Carolina and the entire antebellum South Largest town in the Upstate by 1825 Pendleton was made up of Scots-Irish yeomen farmers employing both free labor and a few slaves and small local businessmen, artisans and manufacturers living comfortably, elbow- to-elbow, with wealthy planters employing slave labor on large farms . . . .
  • 21. Pendleton 1830’s 1830 Charles Cotesworth Pinckney completed the house at Woodburn Plantation. He served as Lt. Gov. under Gov Hayne during nullification crisis in1832-33 1830 – 1834 James Butler Bonham practices law in Pendleton prior to going to Texas where he second in command at the battle of the Alamo. 1832 William Knauff, cabinet maker from Charleston, set–up shop on Duke Street, brought to Pendleton by Mrs. Calhoun. Famous Duel between Benj. F. Perry of Greenville Sentinel (Unionist) & Turner Bynum (Nullifier) on island in Tugaloo River during Nullification Crisis. Bynum mortally wounded, buried at St. Paul’s churchyard 1834 Pendleton Methodist Church founded 1835 Pendleton Jockey Club chartered with a race trace in fair grounds
  • 22. Pendleton 1840’s 1838 Pendleton Manufacturing Co. incorporated as textile mill by Enoch B. Benson, W.H.D. Gaillard, and the Sloans (John T., Thomas M., Benjamin F.) located S. of town in what is now LaFrance. One of first in SC. 1840 Pendleton Methodist Church building completed (burned in 1939). 1842 Pendleton Baptist Church founded and church built (building replaced in 1951). 1848 Mrs. John C. Calhoun leads drive to raise funds to purchase a pipe organ for St. Paul's. Samuel Maverick’s house “Montpelier” burns and rebuilt.
  • 23. Pendleton 1850 - 1860 1850 Second oldest commercial building still standing on public square build by Jesse Lewis as a store (now known as Hunter’s Store) 1850 John C. Calhoun dies in Washington, returned to SC and buried with great ceremony in St. Phillips’s churchyard in Charleston. The other members of Calhoun’s family buried at St. Paul’s Churchyard in Pendleton. Rev. John Adger, Presbyterian minister from wealthy Charleston family, buys and expands Woodburn Plantation. James T. Latta buys and expends Ashtabula Plantation. 1860 New Guard house (jail) and market house built on public square.
  • 24. Blue Ridge Railroad Comes to Pendleton 1830’s Originally the dream of John C. Calhoun to connect SC via Pendleton District with emerging markets in the north. 1854 Construction finally begins on the Blue Ridge Railroad to run between Anderson and Knoxville 1858 Blue Ridge Railroad finished through Pendleton connecting Pendleton with Anderson via rail then points north and South from Anderson. 1859 Construction on Blue Ridge Railroad halted N. of Walhalla (Stump house Tunnel) by the high cost on construction (fraud, the high price of imported iron, lack of local engineering expertise) and the subsequent withdrawal of funding by the State.
  • 25. Pendleton’s Railroad Depot Moved to Cherry St. and now Senior Center
  • 26. Pendleton Village 1857
  • 27. Plantation Houses and Antebellum Houses In Existence Today Ashtabula, Bee House, Benson House, Boxwood, Carver Randall House, Edans House, Elam Sharp House, Fort Hill, Gaillard House, Gallows Hall, Liberty Hall, Mi Casa, James Hunter House, Hopewell, Jenkins House, Lowther Hall, Magnolia Hall, Marshalsea, Montpelier, Poe House, Simpson House, Sitton House, Sleepy Hollow, The Glenn, The Retreat, Thomas Pickens House, Vine Hill
  • 28. Edens House Located at corner of W. Main & Mechanic St.
  • 29. Mi Casa c. 1830 - S. Mechanic St. (1902 with water tower in background)
  • 30. Mi Casa today complete with water tower
  • 31. Lowther Hall c. 1793
  • 32. Lowther Hall Today
  • 33. Liberty Hall, c. 1849 Built by Thomas J. Sloan as seen in 1969 before restoration
  • 34. Liberty Hall Also known as Harris Hall
  • 35. James Hunter House c. 1860 before restoration after 1929
  • 36. James Hunter House Today
  • 37. Jenkins House c.1830 Build by Dr. William Seabrook Jenkins (Cherry St. at Depot St.)
  • 38. Built as blacksmith shop, c. 1840 Civil War Headquarters of Jones Rifles Located next to James Hunter House
  • 39. The Glen c. 1830’s (MiCasa Dr.)
  • 40. Sitton House c. 1854
  • 41. Sitton House (prior to 1929)
  • 42. Woodburn before 1970’s restoration
  • 43. Woodburn c. 1830 US76, across from TriCounty Tech Moorhead Cabin 1810 and Adger carriage house (reproduction)
  • 44. Ashtabula c. 1825 Old Greenville Hwy Original House c. 1789
  • 45. Thomas Pickens House c. 1860 118 N. Elm St.
  • 46. Rena Jones Clark House (c.1786) First Black woman to lead a Pendleton School (currently undergoing restoration)
  • 47. Poe House, c. 1860 as it looked c. 1970 and currently 203 N. Elm St.
  • 48. Marshalsea, c. 1821 Built as Jail then as a Female Academy & finally became a private residence L. 112 W. Queen St.
  • 49. Boxwood, c. 1810 Built by Wm. Robertson, later owned By J.B. Earle and John T. Sloan
  • 50.  Elam Sharp House c. 1802  Built by William Steel,  1st postmaster of Pendleton Located on E. Queen St
  • 51. Benson House (on original site on E. Queen)
  • 52. Benson House c. mid 1800’s Moved from E. Queen Street (site of bank bldg) to N. Maine in 1970’s for restoration
  • 53. Benson House c. (only left portion original) Renovation /expansion never completed
  • 54. Hopewell c. 1785 (Built by General Andres Pickens ) Off Old Cherry Rd. - Clemson
  • 55. Montpelier c. 1849 - Built by Samuel Maverick Old Greenville Hwy, across from Refuge Baptist Church
  • 56. The Retreat c. 1840’s Located on Danehower Rd.
  • 57. Pendleton Area Plantations Houses and Antebellum Houses - No longer Existing Altamont, Altamont II, Alexander, Arcadia, Boscobel, Campobello, Chestnut Hill, Cherry Hill, Flat Rock, Cold Spring, Grumblethorpe Hall, Keowee, Long House, Mount Jolly, Mountain View, Oaklawn, Pepperino, Portman Shoals, Rivoli, Rossdale, Rusticello, San Salvador, Seneca, Shady Side, Silver Glade, Tanglewood, Tip Top, The Hive, Vacambrose, Westville, Wheatland
  • 58. Hunter House c. Located at corner Of S. Broad & E. Main Burned
  • 59. Altamont, c. 1830 Built by Thomas Pinckney (now gone) – Fant’s Grove Rd.
  • 60. Boscobel c also known as Rockfield when owned by Samuel Prioleau Located in what is now Boscobel Golf Course On US 76.
  • 61. Poplars c.1800 Later known as Pickens House Portoco added c.1830, originally had one-story porch. Located on Cherry St. Extension, burned
  • 62. Tanglewood (burned 1970’s)
  • 63. Ruins of Tanglewood today Burned in 1970’s
  • 64. Seneca, c. 1845 on Seneca River (Now Gone)
  • 65. Mount Jolly, c. 1795 (burned early 1900’s) Home of Taliaferro family (Simpson Farm, off Lebanon Rd.)
  • 66. Lead up to Civil War Two of Most Significant Issues leading up to Civic War . . . . all of which impacted life in Pendleton:  Protective tariff’s on imports  Moral & Economic issue of “Slavery”
  • 67. Pendleton - Civil War Years 1860 South Carolina succeeded from the Union, the first state to do so, setting the stage for the beginning of the Civil War. Pendleton’s population was 854 including

    50% slaves, larger than Anderson, Edgefield, Abbeville, Laurensville, and Hamburg. 1861 Many Charlestonians & residents of Columbia took refuge in Pendleton during war years since no conflict in the area. Blue Ridge House (hotel) in downtown Pendleton advertised in Charleston newspaper as alternative to popular Northern summer resorts and very accessible via Blue Ridge railroad The Adger family from Charleston acquired four plantations in Pendleton, Woodburn, Ashtabula, Boscobel and Rivoli as their war refuge. 1861-65 The bell at St. Paul’s would toll out the bad news when the train brought word of a local death. The bell was later donated to be melted down to make ammunition. May 1865 Sherman’s troops commanded by Gen. Geo. Stoneman came through Pendleton in search of Jefferson Davis and the Confederate treasury. (“Stoneman’s Raid”)

  • 68. Pendleton – Reconstruction Years 1865 – 1871 Climate of terrorism existed across state and particularly in Upstate as white Democrats rebelled against government by Republicans and freed former slaves. Most of people who took refuge in Pendleton left after the war, many never to return. 1868 Thomas Green Clemson, in his capacity with the Farmer’s Society, begins advocating the establishment of an agricultural college to teach improved farming methods. 1870 A.M.E. Church established with church on Vance St. behind Hunter’s Store, replaced in 1957 by present A.M.E. King’s Chapel. James Hunter purchases Lewis’s store on town square which operates until new store built next door in 1929. 1873 Jesse Cornelius Stribling (Rossdale and later Sleepy Hollow farm) had first registered herd of Jersey cattle in SC and one of first in SE. – The beginning of SC dairy industry. Cattle continues to be Anderson County’s primary agricultural product. 1874 Silver Springs Baptist Church established at foot of Hunter’s Hill on old road to Clemson. New church built in 1926 on new road to Clemson. 1876 “Red Shirt” brigades from towns all over state supported Wade Hampton III election to Governor under the slogan “Force without Violence” that helped end reconstruction. 1877 One of last two states to be released from military rule under reconstruction
  • 69. Pendleton at the End of 19th Century 1880 Hunter’s store wooden warehouse built behind Hunter’s Store (still standing) 1882 Jane Edna Harris Hunter, African-American activist and reformer, born on Woodburn Farm and later founded the Phyllis Wheatley Assoc. after moving to Cleveland, OH. Recognized by Ohio as one of its top 20 “Heroes”. 1889 Clemson Agricultural College founded under the terms of Thomas Green Clemson’s will and welcomed first class in 1893 including Gov. Tillman’s son. A. T. Smythe, member of Adger family & owner of Woodburn, was one of Clemson’s first Trustees and watched the building of the campus from Woodburn’s “widow’s walk”. Atlanta – Charlotte Air Line Railroad (now Norfolk Southern) built the main line to the NE through Seneca, and Central completely bypassing Pendleton thereby creating an economic development disaster for the town located only on a branch line connecting through Anderson. 1893 Present Presbyterian Church built on S. Broad St. Rev. John Adger delivered the last sermon at the old church and first at the new church. 1893 Blue Ridge Plant of the Pendleton Manufacturing Co. (textile co.) built on Blue Ridge St 1896 Clemson College fielded its first football team.
  • 70. Pendleton Area - 1897
  • 71. Pendleton in Early Twentieth Century 1907 April Fools day student “strike” by a large number of Clemson cadets in “drag” included a march to Pendleton resulted in the formation of the “Pendleton Guards” and an annual student event in Pendleton. Town of Clemson yet to emerge. 1911 One story addition to the Guard House, building later housed the Pendleton Library. 1920’s The high cotton prices, diverting land from food production and leading to a high cost of living, setting the stage for the devastating effects of the boll-weevil & great depression. 1929 SC28 Hwy through Pendleton widened, paved (formerly dirt), and rerouted in places impacting town square and frontage of historic structures in town. 1930’s Many of the large antebellum houses could not be maintained and became “apartment houses” for tenant farmers owned by absentee landlords and often housing 2-3 families. Tenant farmers flocked to the textile mills as boll-weevil devastated cotton crops 1935 Federal Government through Resettlement Act purchased 29,625 acres (about 150 farms) of worn-out, eroded farm land and leased it to Clemson College for their use and remediation. (Woodburn was included in this buy-out). Lands deeded to Clemson in 1954.
  • 72. Pendleton – Post WWII 1947 - 1950 Pendleton town fathers persuaded Milliken to build their new finishing plant and later the Gerrish Milliken plant just outside Pendleton bringing jobs to Pendleton. 1950’s US76 Hwy improvement project bypassed downtown Pendleton, passing through Woodburn Farm instead, thus preserving its historic town square and character.

    1958- 1961 US Corp of Engineer’s Lake Hartwell project to dam the Savannah River and flood a proposed 9,000 acres of farm land, mostly belonging to Clemson College, did result in the flooding of the ruins of many of antebellum plantation houses along the Seneca River. 73. Town of Pendleton


  • 74. Beginning of Economic Development and Tourism in 1960’s Foundation for Historic Restoration in the Pendleton Area (name later changed to the Pendleton Historic Foundation) founded by members of Clemson College Architecture Dept. and Pendleton Farmer’s Society to preserve Woodburn (owned by Clemson University) and other historic structures which were in danger of being lost. Ashtabula given to the Foundation for Historic Restoration by Mead Paper Company to preserve it and to serve as a house museum for the interpretation of local culture. Tri County Technical College founded with 300 students first year(1962) to help with economic development of Tri County area. Located in Pendleton along US 76 on former Woodburn Farm property.
  • 75. Expansion of Tourism Clemson University deeds Woodburn to the Foundation for Historic Restoration for Restoration in the Pendleton Area. The Foundation for Historic Restoration begins a program to erect Historic Markers in the area beginning with (1) John Ewing Colhoun/Keowee on road from Clemson to Daniel HS (2)Hopewell/Hopewell Indian Treaties on Old Cherry Rd. Pendleton District Historical & Recreation Commission established by the SC Legislature to preserve the area’s history and to promote tourism in the Tri-County area. Foundation for Historic Restoration in conjunction with the Anderson, Greenville, Oconee, and Pickens Historical Societies hosts the Second SC Landmark Conference. The National Trust for Historic Preservation sponsors a tour of the Upstate and Pendleton as part of their annual meeting in Charleston.
  • 76. Pendleton Historic District Established 1972 Pendleton Historic District, the largest in the US at the time, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. Bounded on west by Hopewell and Treaty Oak, on east by Montpelier, north by Old Stone Church, south by town limits. Ashtabula and Woodburn were individually listed and opened as house museums.
  • 77. Map of Pendleton Historic District 6,300 acres extending from Old Stone church to Montpelier (c.1969)
  • 78. Description from National Register Nomination Form “The Pendleton Historic District derives its primary significance from the antebellum structures which reflect Pendleton’s early history. Also included in the district are some later 19th century structures which demonstrate Pendleton’s more recent growth and are, in appearance and feeling, compatible with the earlier periods.”
  • 79. Revitalization of Downtown  Over the years, there have been many proposals to revitalize downtown Pendleton and take advantage of its historic character  Some have been accomplished, many not due to cost involved  Preservation ordinances recently established for downtown commercial area that will assist in seeking revitalization grants
  • 80. Later Economic Development  Economic development in the area brought in Westinghouse & Michelin plant (Sandy Springs) and various Clemson Univ. facilities.  The historic “quaint” character of Pendleton continues to attract tourists and new residents.  Ashtabula and Woodburn Historic House museums attract

    10,000 visitors for tours, weddings, and special events.  Pendleton Spring Jubilee attracts

    30,000 visitors for a 2-day event

  • 81. Pendleton 2010
  • 82. What does the Future Hold?  Preservation of the historic district’s historic structures and environment must play a key role.  Use of these historic structures and environment to develop a route to sustainable economic growth
  • 83. Pendleton Historic Foundation PHF plans to increase visitation at our historic houses from 10,000/yr to 20,000- 25,000/yr within 10 years.  By expanding our educational focus and offering monthly special programs and tours  By refocusing the use of Woodburn for use as a venue for weddings and similar guests sponsored events that include house tours
  • 84. Weddings at Woodburn
  • 85. PHF Historic Pendleton Program  Reinstating the famous Pendleton Historic House Tours in 2012 that were held annually or semi-annually since the 1950’s that were discontinued over 10 years ago.  Encouraging the Town to apply for Preserve America and Certified Local Government status to raise awareness and to make eligible for improvement grants.  Promote the historic downtown for unique tourist oriented businesses.
  • 86. Promotion as Movie Set  Encourage use of town and historic houses as sets for movies  Developing documentary firm on Life of Jane Edna Hunter firmed at Woodburn and in Pendleton to be shown on ETV, History Channel, film festivals, etc. Promo of film on “YouTube” link below:
  • 87. Pendleton’s Historic Markers  Erected in the 1960-70’s by Anderson county, Pendleton Historic Foundation, Pendleton District Commission and other groups.  The newest market for “The Hundreds” was installed with the last 2 years.  There are many historic sites in area yet to have a marker
  • 88. Pendleton’s Historic Markers On E. Queen/ Town Square
  • 89. Pendleton’s Historic Markers On Mechanic Street side of Town Square
  • 90. Pendleton’s Historic Markers On E. Queen St. at N Broad St.
  • 91. Pendleton’s Historic Markers St. Paul’s Church Yard
  • 92. Pendleton’s Historic Markers Old Cherry Rd - Clemson
  • 93. Pendleton’s Historic Markers St. Paul’s Churchyard
  • 94. Pendleton’s Historic Markers Old Greenville Hwy
  • 95. Pendleton’s Historic Markers US76 across from Tri County Tech
  • 96. Pendleton’s Historic Markers Vance Street
  • 97. Pendleton’s Historic Markers Located on West Queen St. In front of the Pendleton Community Center Commemorating Pendleton's Rosenwald School (burned) and the Faith Cabin Library
  • 98. Hopewell Treaty Marker Old Cherry Rd., before crossing Lake
  • 99. Pictorial History of Pendleton  Historic Downtown Commercial Areas  Churches, the Lifeblood of our Community
  • 100. Hunter’s Store c. 1850 E. Queen St.
  • 101. Hunter’s Store Today
  • 102. Hunter’s Store early 1900’s
  • 103. Hunter’s Store Warehouse, c. 1880
  • 104. Farmer’s Hall (before 1928)
  • 105. Pendleton Village Green,

    1880-1900 Guardhouse before front addition & Well house left

  • 106. Guardhouse Today
  • 107. E. Main St. (early 1900’s ?)
  • 108. E Main, about 1935
  • 109. E. Main St. 1960’s, Center Portion c. 1793
  • 110. Exchange St. (1900-1920)
  • 111. Exchange Street Today
  • 112. Looking South on Mechanic St. Horse-trading Convention, 1910
  • 113. 4th of July Parade (1905)
  • 114. “Red Shirt” Reunion on Square (1896 or 1906’s?)
  • 115. Smith Oil Co c. 1935
  • 116. Pendleton’s early 20th Century Jail Vance St. - behind Hunter’s Warehouse
  • 117. Keese Barn (antique barn & social hall) W. Queen St. (now gone)
  • 118. Keeses’s Barn Memorial West Queen St.
  • 119. Degan Faith Cabin Library
  • 120. Faith Cabin Libraries  Rev. W. L. Buffington, Prof. of Sociology at Pine College in Augusta, GA proposed in the early 1930’s to build a small library by the side of every black rural school in Ga & SC.  First Faith Cabin Library was built in Edgefield SC in 1932 and in all 28 were built by black volunteers who asked their white employers to allow them to cut trees for logs to build the libraries – Rev. Buffington supplied the books.
  • 121. Faith Cabin Libraries  Per their black builders : “We had nothing to go on but faith. That’s what built them all, faith, hard work and the generosity of thousands of people willing to share their books.”  The Degan Faith Cabin in Pendleton (c.1935) is one of the 2 last surviving examples in SC and was built next to Pendleton’s Rosenwald School (now gone).
  • 122. Old Stone Church c. 1802 Burial place of General Andrew Pickens and Robert Anderson
  • 123. Pendleton Presbyterian Church Old Greenville Hwy, c. 1824 Corner Mechanic& Broad Sts., c. 1893
  • 124. St. Paul’s Episcopal c. 1822
  • 125. Pendleton Methodist Church c. 1834, burned c. 1939 Rebuilt using original front stained class window, later enlarged
  • 126. Pendleton Baptist Church c. 1843
  • 127. King’s Chapel AME Church Congregation est. 1867 (original church building was on E. Main St.)
  • 128. Silver Springs Baptist Church The newly restored 1874 church on Jackson St. (not active – used For events) The current Church On N. Mechanic St. c.1926
  • 129. Aerial View of Blue Ridge Mill (1902)
  • 130. Aerial View Baptist Church & Blue Ridge Mill (1902 from water tower at MiCasa)
  • 131. Pendleton Blue Ridge Mill Today
  • 132. Smythe Family at Woodburn The simple things made us happy back then…
  • 133.  Non-profit, volunteer-run organization founded in 1960  Mission: An educational organization dedicated to the restoration and preservation of historic properties in the Pendleton area and the interpretation of the diverse history and cultural heritage of the area.  Programs:  Preservation of Ashtabula and Woodburn Historic Houses  Development and interpretation of these sites as major Upstate heritage tourism sites including living history demonstrations  Educational programs on our region’s contribution to the state’s and nation’s cultural heritage for both young and mature minds  Historic Pendleton & Historic Homeowners Assoc., a community outreach preservation program to provide education and assistance to owners of historic structures in the area

  • Watch the video: Plant Tour at Retreat Plant Co.