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Mimosa: home care, reproduction and transplantation, types and photos

Mimosa: home care, reproduction and transplantation, types and photos


Houseplants Published: May 10, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:

Botanical description

Mimosa (lat.Mimosa) belongs to the legume family and numbers, depending on the source, 300-450 plant species. Natural habitat - subtropical and tropical America, Africa, Asia.
Representatives of the genus are herbaceous plants, trees and shrubs. Not all species are grown in culture, the most common is bashful mimosa (Mimosa pudica). Mimosa flowers are medium-sized, gather in spikelets or heads. The leaves are bifurcated.
Mimosa is often used in the foreground in flower arrangements, which look more impressive due to the delicate inflorescences of this plant. Mimosa looks best on a light background.

Briefly about growing

  • Bloom: from spring to late summer.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight.
  • Temperature: from March to September - 20-24 ºC, in winter - no higher than 18 and not lower than 15 ºC.
  • Watering: plentiful in spring and summer, moderate in autumn and winter.
  • Air humidity: increased. It is recommended to spray the plant once a day with water at room temperature and keep it on a pallet with wet expanded clay.
  • Top dressing: during the growing season, the plant - twice a month with a complex mineral fertilizer in a half dosage.
  • Rest period: not pronounced, but in winter the growth and development of mimosa slows down.
  • Transfer: the plant is grown in an annual culture, but if necessary, it is simply transferred from one pot to another at the end of the dormant period.
  • Substrate: leaf humus, peat, sand and sod land in equal proportions.
  • Reproduction: seeds.
  • Pests: aphids, spider mites.
  • Diseases: yellowing and falling of leaves, stretching of shoots due to improper maintenance conditions or poor care.
  • Properties: mimosa pollen is a strong allergen.

Read more about growing mimosa below.

Photo of mimosa

Home care for mimosa

Lighting

Mimosa in room conditions needs bright light, responds well to direct rays of the sun. It is best to place indoor mimosa on the south side, but on the west and east the plant will not grow much worse. In the hottest time of the day, the plant must be hidden from the direct sun (for 2-3 hours) so that burns do not appear on the leaves. For the same reason, the plant is gradually accustomed to an abundant amount of sunlight immediately after purchase or a prolonged cloudy period.

Temperature

Starting in March and ending in October, the optimal temperature for normal growth of mimosa at home should be between 20 and 24 ° C. In winter, the temperature is not dropped below 15 ° C, but they also try not to raise it above 18 ° C.

Watering mimosa

Water for watering a houseplant mimosa is used soft, letting it stand for 12-24 hours before watering. Water immediately after the topsoil dries up: abundantly in the spring-autumn period, moderately in winter. Do not allow overdrying or gulf of the plant, especially in winter.

Spraying

For full growth in our climatic conditions, mimosa must be sprayed at least once a day with soft, settled water. It will not be superfluous to put the plant on a pallet with wet pebbles or expanded clay, but so that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water.

Top dressing

In summer, mimosa is fed twice a month with a solution of mineral fertilizers diluted twice.

Pruning

Indoor mimosa is usually grown as an annual plant, but you can double this period if you cut off the highly elongated stems. With an abundance of bright light, the stems will quickly grow back.

Mimosa transplant

Because the mimosa flower is usually grown as an annual plant, then the transplant is not carried out. If there is a need for a transplant, then it is best not to disturb the roots and transfer the plant to a larger pot. Drainage is poured at the bottom of the pot, and the earthen mixture is made up of equal parts of leaf humus, sand, peat and sod land.

Growing from seeds

In the first year, homemade mimosa gives seeds, so it can be propagated annually. Seeds are sown in early to mid-spring. After the emergence of seedlings, they are transplanted 2-3 pieces into 7-centimeter pots with a substrate of 2 parts of sod, 2 parts of leafy soil and 1 part of sand. When the roots fill the pot, the mimosa plant is transferred into pots 11 cm in diameter. In order for the indoor mimosa flower to give seeds, the lighting must be bright.

Virulence

Mimosa should not be started by people who are allergic to pollen.

Diseases and pests

Mimosa falls off. Irregular watering of mimosa can cause it to shed its leaves.

Mimosa leaves turn yellow. When the soil is waterlogged, the leaves may not open during the day and turn yellow.

Mimosa is stretched. The stems stretch and lose their turgor in low light.

Mimosa does not bloom. Mimosa flowering may never occur if the temperature is below the required or low light.

Mimosa pests. The main pests of mimosa are aphids and spider mites.

Views

Mimosa bashful / Mimosa pudica

It lives in damp thickets in Brazil and the Antilles. Representatives of the species are shrubs or semi-shrubs, reaching a height of 0.5 to 1 m. Shoots are pubescent, covered with thorns, straight. The leaves are small, numerous, grow in twos, have a pinnate oblong-lanceolate shape, pubescent. The peculiarity of the leaves is that if you touch them, they will close for a while. The flowers of bashful mimosa grow from the axils of the apical shoots, gather in heads, purple-pink in color. The flowering period is June-August. Indoor conditions are most often grown as an annual.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Legumes family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Plants on M Legumes (Moths)


The genus Mimosa includes trees and shrubs along with herbaceous plants. At the same time, only a small part of the mimosa varieties are used in gardening. The most beloved species by flower growers is bashful mimosa. Its small flowers are folded into inflorescences-spikelets or heads. On the stems there are two-pinnate leaf blades.

Mimosa can be grown individually in a pot or used in the foreground in flower arrangements. Thanks to the bright rich green leaves and unusual flowers among other plants, it looks no less impressive than itself.


Kalanchoe care at home

Caring for Kalanchoe at home is so simple that even a beginner can do it. The plant is not picky and hardy, it is able to adapt to almost all growing conditions and forgive its owner for many care mistakes, up to and including his absence. However, this does not mean that the flower does not require attention at all. Caring for the indoor Kalanchoe is needed, then the "tree of life" will delight not only with its benefits, but also with its appearance.

Location and lighting

Kalanchoe is not demanding on the location in the house. In summer, the flower will be comfortable on the western and eastern windows. In winter, southern ones are preferable. If the plant is in bright sunlight, it can get burned. Therefore, in the summer it needs to be shaded. With a lack of light, the plant stretches, and the flowers become small and inconspicuous.

A prerequisite for flowering is 12-hour daylight hours. For regular and abundant flowering, you need to ensure that this condition is met: shade the plant in summer from direct sunlight, and use additional lighting in autumn and winter.

Temperature

Kalanchoe perfectly tolerates the summer heat, and can be grown indoors at temperatures from 18 to 30 degrees. In winter, he prefers coolness - from 16 to 18 degrees. This temperature is optimal for the formation of flower buds. At a higher, or, conversely, a low temperature, the process of laying flower buds is inhibited.

Watering

Despite the fact that Kalanchoe is a succulent, it needs to be watered regularly. The watering regime is determined by the air temperature, the size and condition of the plant. In summer, in dry and hot weather, not only regular, but also abundant watering is required.

If the plant is in the shade, then watered moderately - 1 time in 2-3 days, focusing on the condition of the soil. In winter, watering is reduced to a minimum.

The flower easily tolerates a lack of moisture, but is very sensitive to waterlogging.

Air humidity

Kalanchoe is "indifferent" to air humidity. The flower feels good in a warm room with dry air. Easily tolerates high humidity at low temperatures. However, light spraying will not hurt - it is used for hygienic purposes. After spraying, the leaves are wiped with a soft cloth or sponge.

The soil

Any soil is suitable for growing Kalanchoe at home. Ready-made succulent soil, which can be purchased at any flower shop, is perfect. If desired, the soil mixture can be made independently, taking in equal parts leaf and turf soil, peat and sand. It is advisable to add charcoal or perlite to the mixture. There must be drainage at the bottom of the pot.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Kalanchoe gratefully responds to feeding, which is carried out with any fertilizer for cacti. An optimal feeding scheme has been developed empirically: 1 time in 2 weeks, starting from the second half of May and until mid-July. Top dressing is resumed in late autumn, when the formation of flower buds begins.

Transfer

The need for a Kalanchoe transplant arises if the pot becomes too small for the plant. It happens that as a result of abundant watering, the soil turns sour. In this case, it is better to replace it by transplanting the plant.

Pruning

In order for the plant to look beautiful, it must be regularly shaped by pruning and pinching. Shoot pruning is carried out in the spring. Strongly elongated shoots are shortened by 2/3 or even half the length.

To form a beautiful bush, pinching of the shoots is carried out at the beginning of summer. This is especially true for young plants. Light pruning is desirable after flowering.

Bloom

For abundant flowering of Kalanchoe in spring and summer, it is necessary to adhere to a 12-hour daylight hours. In this case, the lighting should be bright. Otherwise, you need to use additional artificial lighting.

At the end of flowering, it is necessary to prune. This will get rid of dried flowers and form a healthy and beautiful bush. The trimmed parts of the plant can be used to root cuttings.

Flowers can be cut and placed in a vase of water. They can stay there for a long time without losing their attractive appearance.


Reproduction of mimosa when grown indoors

It is possible to get a new plant by cuttings or planting seed material.

Already in the first year of its life, mimosa can make you happy with the appearance of beans, while such homemade mimosas can be grown annually. Sowing seed is possible from March to the end of April days, but some growers recommend a time from January to March. In order for the seeds to germinate as soon as possible, it is recommended to soak them in very hot water for two days: at first with a temperature of about 60 degrees, and then, for the remaining time, the water is maintained at 40 degrees. Another method of scarification is to douse the seeds with boiling water and then cut the hard skin with nail clippers or rub with sandpaper. But in this case, it is necessary to try so that the inner layer is not damaged.

The container into which the disembarkation is carried out should not be large, its diameter is usually 15 cm. Then, already during transplants, the diameter can be gradually increased.

To do this, a universal soil or peat-sand mixture is poured into the container, that is, the acidity of the substrate should be neutral or slightly acidic. Often, flower growers prefer to compose it on their own from light turf soil, coarse sand and high peat (in a ratio of 3: 1: 2). Before sowing the seeds, the soil is thoroughly mixed and moistened. The germination temperature is maintained at 25 degrees. To do this, the container with seedlings should not be installed on the windowsill, it may be too hot there, but choose a place nearby, for example, on a table not far from the central heating battery. But in this case, the question arises with the parameters of humidity - they must be at least 60%. In this case, it is recommended to place a vessel with water or a humidifier next to it, or periodically spray the air nearby.

Also, to create conditions with high humidity, you can cover the seed pot with polyethylene or put a piece of glass on top. But then the owner will have to carry out daily airing in order to remove the accumulated drops of condensate and monitor the condition of the soil in the pot - if it begins to dry out, then it is moistened with a finely dispersed spray bottle.
When the first shoots appear, the young mimosas begin to accustom them to indoor conditions, gradually increasing the airing time. But if a pair of real leaves unfolds on the seedling, then a transplant can be carried out. In this case, the diameter of the pot is selected no more than 7 cm. In such a container 2-3 seedlings are placed, so that later a more lush bush will turn out. Mimosas, which appear from seeds, will delight with flowering for 2-3 years from the moment of planting.

The grafting method is often used. Cut blanks for this with a length of about 5-10 cm from adult specimens from the middle to the end of summer. Sometimes young growth can be seen near the trunk of the mother mimosa, which can also serve as material for grafting. Such offspring are cut off with a sharpened knife. Then the cuttings are treated with a root growth stimulator and planted in pots filled with peat-sandy substrate. You can wrap the cuttings in a clear plastic bag or place them under a cut plastic bottle. But it is important not to forget, then, to air the seedlings daily and if you want to moisten the soil in the pot. Such branches take root within 2-3 months. You can then transplant into larger pots with a more fertile substrate.


Planting and transplanting procedure

Among other indoor plants, beloperone stands out for its growth rate. Therefore, young specimens will have to be replanted annually or even twice a year (in spring and late summer). For adult plants, in the presence of a sufficiently spacious pot, one procedure is sufficient every 2-3 years. The "signal" indicating the need for transplantation is the roots sticking out of the drainage hole.

It is clearly time to transplant such a plant.

In order not to disturb the plant too often, you can purchase a "growing" pot with a diameter of about 10-12 cm larger than the previous one. It is better to choose a more massive ceramic container, similar to a bucket, since the above-ground part of the beloperone is quite voluminous. The pot will balance the plant and prevent it from tipping over.

Beloperone, unlike many indoor plants, can be transplanted using a pot "for growth"

Beloperone is picky about the soil. The usual universal soil for flowering indoor plants with an acidity of 5.5-6.5 (neutral or slightly acidic) is quite suitable. Since the flower quickly grows green mass, the mixture should be light and nutritious. You can prepare the substrate yourself:

  • Leafy land, fertile turf, peat chips, humus, coarse river sand (2: 2: 1: 1: 1). Crushed chalk or bone meal (2-3% of the total volume) is added to the finished mixture.
  • Universal soil for indoor plants, humus or rotted compost, peat chips, perlite or vermiculite (equally divided).
  • Sod land, compost, peat (1: 1: 2).

Beloperone is quite suitable for universal soil for flowering indoor plants.

There is nothing difficult in the transplant itself. Even a novice florist can handle the procedure.

  • At the bottom of the new pot, pour fine expanded clay, pebbles, and other drainage material in a layer 3-5 cm thick. On top - the substrate, filling about a third of the container's volume.
  • Remove the plant from the old pot. To make it easier for yourself, water the flower abundantly about 20-30 minutes before. Try to destroy the earthen lump as little as possible.
  • Use a sharply sharpened disinfected knife to shorten the roots by cutting off 1–1.5 cm of the “fringe” at the bottom. Make several shallow longitudinal cuts on the sides and slightly fluff the edges.
  • Move the earthen ball to a new pot. Add substrate. Shake the container several times to distribute the soil evenly. Tamp the top lightly with the palm of your hand.
  • Water the plant moderately and remove for 2-3 days in light partial shade. Then return to its original place and care as usual.

    Beloperone has a tendency to grow, stretching ugly and exposing the lower part of the shoots. If this happened, instead of replanting every 3-4 years, it is advisable to renew the plant by cutting cuttings from young branches and rooting them.

    Gradually, the white perone grows, stretching ugly in this case, instead of transplanting, you need to update the plant


    Home care

    As with many houseplants, yucca care should be taken in full.

    It consists of the following actions:

    • optimal temperature and lighting
    • moderate humidity and excessive watering
    • composition of fertile soil, drainage
    • fertilizing
    • transplant and breeding methods
    • timely fight against diseases and pests.

    To get a healthy houseplant and achieve flowering, it is necessary to create conditions similar to natural ones.

    Optimal conditions of detention

    Indoor Yucca is very fond of bright lighting. Due to a lack of a palm, leaves can stretch out, and a dull color becomes. It is better to place a pot with a plant near a window on the south side so that most of the light falls on it. To do this, avoid direct sunlight in order not to get burned on the leaves.

    The optimum temperature in the hot season is 20-25 degrees. Every day, you can take the plant out to fresh air for ventilation, avoiding strong winds and drafts. Do not allow the temperature to drop below 8 degrees, this can be detrimental to the flower. In winter, it is better to arrange additional lighting for the palm tree. The temperature during winter dormancy should not exceed 10-15 degrees.

    Substrate requirements

    An important point for planting or transplanting a room palm is the choice of substrate. You can buy a substrate ready-made in the store, intended for the agave family.

    You can cook it yourself by mixing from equal parts:

    Adequate drainage is essential before the planting procedure. It is allowed to put a layer of expanded clay or large rubble on the bottom of the pot. The organization of drainage is a prerequisite for the full growth of the flower.

    Irrigation system

    Watering and irrigation is directly dependent on the surrounding conditions. At high temperatures and low humidity, watering a house tree should be done every 2-3 days. Spraying should be carried out daily, especially in summer. The top layer of the earth will serve as a signal for watering. If it is dry, it is necessary to water the plant with settled water at room temperature.


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