The Cordyline plant is a member of the Asparagus family. Most members of this genus live in the Australian tropics and subtropics and in New Zealand and Brazilian forests. In nature, such plants turn into large shrubs or trees with a lush crown, and their height reaches 16 m. Home cordilins are more compact and develop much more slowly, adding only 15 cm per year. The maximum height of such specimens reaches 1.5 m, but on average the cordilines reach only 60 cm in height. Young trees have more foliage than adults - as they develop, their leaves fall off, and the trunk begins to thicken. As a result, cordilina turns into a kind of palm tree.
It is possible to admire the flowering of cordilin infrequently, moreover, it can be observed only in adult plants. During this period, paniculate inflorescences, formed by small asterisk flowers, appear on the tree. But the main decorative effect of the cordilines is given by their foliage. Its coloration includes tones of green, white, scarlet, pink, burgundy and purple. Leaf blades can be plain or decorated with bright stripes. Thanks to their elegant leaves and easy care, cordilins are often used in home floriculture.
How to distinguish cordilina from dracaena
Cordilina is often confused with dracaena: these plants are really quite similar and are considered "false palms". Previously, both genera belonged to the Agave family, but now they are considered Asparagus. Dracaena is sometimes isolated into an independent family. Many types of cordilina, however, are also called dracaena, but they are different plants.
You can distinguish cordilina from dracaena by the foliage. The leaf blades of the cordilina are usually located on the petioles, and also have a pronounced central vein from which all the others diverge. Dracaena foliage has no petioles and is covered with parallel veins.
You can also distinguish these plants by the appearance of their roots or fruits. Dracaena has a straight root, colored yellowish-orange on the cut. The roots of the cordilina are knobby and white at the cut. It was the type of roots that determined the name of this plant - it comes from the word "knot". The fruits contain up to 20 seeds, and the dracaena fruit contains only one.
Brief rules for growing cordilina
The table shows brief rules for caring for cordilina at home.
|Lighting level||Green-leaved species can tolerate shading, while others require bright but diffused light.|
|Content temperature||Approximately 18-24 degrees in summer. In winter, lowering up to 13 degrees is permissible in the absence of irrigation.|
|Watering mode||In summer - at least 2 times a week (for broad-leaved species - more often), in winter - weekly. The soil should have time to dry about 3 cm deep.|
|Air humidity||The humidity level needs to be high. The tree is removed further from the heaters, sprayed twice a week and put on a pallet with wet pebbles.|
|The soil||Growing cordilina requires a mixture of garden soil with 1/3 parts of peat and sand or perlite. A thick drainage layer is laid in the pot.|
|Top dressing||During active growth - once every 2 weeks, using liquid formulations after watering.|
|Transfer||Adult specimens - every 3 years, young - annually, in the spring. For transplant, use a container 2 cm wider than the old one. Plants are replanted when they completely cover the soil ball with roots.|
|Bloom||Indoor cordilina blooms very rarely.|
|Dormant period||In winter, the plant begins a dormant period.|
|Reproduction||Division of bushes, cuttings, seeds.|
|Pests||Scabbard, aphid, spider mite, thrips, mealybug.|
Caring for cordilina at home
Cordilina growing in a pot can quickly get used to home conditions, but they must meet the minimum requirements of the flower. Only in this case, the plant will not cause trouble for the owner.
Not all cordilins are suitable for growing in a pot, but only some of their types. Most varieties of this plant are too sensitive to dry air and need abundant lighting and natural space. But trees that can grow at home also require certain conditions. Despite the general unpretentiousness of the plant, the cultivation of cordilina has some features. The tree has a rather thin trunk, which is not always capable of supporting a heavy crown. For balancing, a support is used - a tube wrapped in coconut fiber, or bamboo sticks. Mature and thicker-stemmed trees are able to grow without additional support.
When caring for cordilina, it is also important to avoid drafts and try to ensure that the temperature in the room with the plant does not change too sharply. To stimulate the development of fresh foliage, weak branches are recommended to be removed. Wiping the leaves with a soft, damp cloth can also be helpful to remove dust and improve tree health.
Planting and placement of the cordilina bush largely affects the rate of its further development. The plant prefers slightly acidic soil. It is prepared independently by mixing garden soil with 1/3 parts of peat and sand (or perlite), or using universal soil for palm trees.
For an adult tree, a large, high capacity will be required - cordilina almost does not form lateral shoots, developing roots only in depth. A drainage layer must be laid on the bottom of the pot - expanded clay or brick debris. The plant is transferred to a new place carefully, without disturbing the roots and without changing the level of deepening.
To make such plants look more impressive, they are often planted in several pieces in one large pot. An exception is made for large varieties that prefer individual containers. You can keep the pot with cordilina both on the windowsills and on stable stands.
Freshly acquired plants are kept in quarantine for some time. This period allows you to identify possible diseases or the presence of insects without infecting the rest of the house flowers. Affected specimens are treated and, after acclimatization, are transplanted into fresh soil.
For normal growth, cordilina requires good lighting. The exception is green-leaved species - they are able to grow in light partial shade. Varieties and varieties with bright and variegated foliage suggest abundant but diffused light. Usually they are kept in the east, north-east or north-west windows.
Cordilins growing on the south or west side of the home will need a little shading. But too dark north side may require additional lighting.
Cordilina growing in a pot will require a constant temperature of 18-24 degrees. It is in such conditions that the plant feels most comfortable. But some types of cordilina suggest a decrease in temperature in winter - this is necessary for them to bloom. The lower threshold for a tree is 13 degrees in the absence of watering. The temperature change should be gradual. In addition, cordilines should not be exposed to a draft at any time of the year.
Cordilina requires regular, but not too abundant watering. Constantly waterlogged soil can lead to decay of the root system, but the coma should also not be allowed to dry out. Watering is carried out when the soil dries out about 3 cm in depth. In winter, watering is carried out weekly, and in summer - 2 times more often. In species with narrow and wide foliage, the need for moisture is different: in the last summer, more water is required. For irrigation, use settled water at room temperature.
Mulching will help to reduce the number of waterings. To do this, use small bark or coconut substrate. From time to time, the bushes can be washed under a warm shower or wiped the leaves with it as it gets dirty.
Tropical cordilina species will thrive best at high (up to 80%) humidity. This allows the plant to extract moisture not only from the soil, but also from the air. In hot weather or in winter, if the room is too dry from working batteries, the foliage should be sprayed with lukewarm and well-settled water about once a day. To do this, choose the evening hours or cloudy days - after the procedure, sunlight should not fall on the leaves. Subtropical species are more tolerant of low humidity levels.
Small bushes of cordilin are planted in small pots. With each subsequent transplant, the size of the container is increased by about 1.5-2 cm. Due to the fact that the roots of the plant go down, it needs a high and deep, but stable container.
Do not plant small bushes in large pots "with a margin". Such a plant will not be able to cover the soil lump with roots, because of which they can begin to rot. The presence of drainage holes will also help prevent the development of diseases.
Homemade cordilins are not too demanding on the ground. They will be satisfied with a universal substrate for palm trees or a moderately light homemade soil of a slightly acidic or neutral reaction. It should be nutritious and loose. To improve the quality of such soil, you can add crushed coal or drainage elements - brick fragments to it. Crushed sphagnum and garden soil can be added to the purchased substrate.
Before planting, it is important to disinfect the selected mixture by steaming or freezing it. Another prerequisite is the presence of drainage, which ensures the removal of excess moisture.
For healthy growth, cordilina will require systematic feeding that can provide the tree with all the necessary substances. During the period of the most active growth (from spring to early autumn), it is fed with liquid nutrient compositions for indoor flowers. Once every couple of weeks, cordilina is watered with such a solution after watering. Foliar dressing is also acceptable - like conventional spraying, they are carried out in the evenings or on cloudy days.
From September to early April, the plant rests, so it does not need feeding. Such stimulation of growth will only deplete cordilina.
If necessary, cordilina is transplanted in the spring. Young plants need transplanting annually, but adults do not develop so quickly, so they can be moved 3 times less often. Healthy plants should not be disturbed until they completely encircle the soil ball with roots - cordilins do not tolerate the transfer procedure well and take a long time to recover. The need to change the pot can be judged by the roots visible from the drainage holes or by slowing growth. A transplant will be required when roots rot or pest infestation.
The new pot for the tree should be about 1.5 cm larger than the old one.Cordilina is transferred into it along with the soil lump. To preserve the nutritional value of the soil, you can renew its top layer every year. After transplanting, the plant should spend several days in a shady place. Top dressing can be done within a couple of weeks after moving.
Removing weak branches helps to rejuvenate the cordilina, as well as create a more lush crown. The shoot tip removal procedure stimulates the development of lateral shoots. It is cut with a sharp and sterile instrument. The top is about 6 cm long, on which there are several leaves, to be removed. The color of the bark should not be green, but brownish - slightly woody.
Sections are processed with crushed coal. Fresh twigs will appear on the cordiline in a couple of weeks. The trimmed tip can be used for propagation by rooting it in water or light soil.
Indoor cordilins rarely flower, but they are usually grown for their bright foliage. Adult specimens are capable of forming long peduncles with small flowers in the form of cream or pale purple stars. But some species bloom only after a cold winter.
Cordilins rest from late autumn to early spring. The growth of the tree for this period stops: the plant accumulates strength for the new season. For a good rest, it is advisable to provide the cordiline with coolness. The pot with her is carried away to a cool place. To prevent the bush from chilling the roots, it is placed not on a cold floor, but on a thick plank or foam bush.
If in the room where the cordilina hibernates, it remains about 15 degrees, watering and spraying is carried out much less often. Variegated forms will need good lighting even in winter, so they can be kept under lamps. Top dressing is not carried out at this time.
Breeding methods for cordilina
Cordilina can be propagated using seeds or plant parts.
The cordilina bush is taken out of the pot and its roots are washed in water to clear the soil. A part is separated from the rhizome with a sharp tool, sprinkling the places of the cuts with crushed coal. The resulting cut is dried, and then planted in a substrate of equal parts of peat, leafy soil and sand. The seedling is kept in a greenhouse at 25 degrees, regularly watered and aired, and sprayed. In a month, it will form its own roots, after which it can be transplanted into a permanent container of sufficient size.
Cordilina - care and reproduction
As cuttings, you can use both the tops remaining from the pruning, and the woody sections of the stem about 12 cm long. The tops of the shoots for rooting can be held in water to which a root formation stimulator has been added, or immediately planted in the ground. After watering, such seedlings are placed in a greenhouse and kept at 26-28 degrees, regularly removing the shelter for ventilation. As in the case of the cut, the roots are formed in about a month, after which the young plants can be transplanted.
Growing from seeds
For reproduction of cordilins, vegetative methods are most often used, but seedling plants are considered more adapted to home conditions. It is not too difficult to grow cordilina from seeds, but the seed quickly loses its germination capacity, and also does not retain varietal characteristics. Sowing is carried out in the spring. Fresh seeds are kept in a growth promoter and then planted in a mixture of garden soil and sand and kept in a greenhouse at 28 degrees. Germination lasts a long time, and seedlings appear uncommonly.
Pests and diseases
Cordilina is quite unpretentious and, subject to all the necessary conditions, almost does not get sick. If mistakes were made in the care, the plant will let you know about them with its appearance.
- Light dry spots on the leaves are sunburn, in which case shading is necessary.
- Drying of the tips of the leaves, dropping of the lower foliage - the air in the room is too dry and the need to spray. But if the lower foliage falls off adult specimens, this is a normal developmental process.
- The pallor of the foliage is associated with a lack of light.
- The softness of the foliage, darkening or curling - the room is too cold, the plant must be moved to a warmer place.
- Rotting and falling of leaf plates - too wet soil and low temperature. The bush is transferred to warmth and watering is tried to be adjusted.
- Yellowing and drying of leaves - dry air or lack of nutrition.
- Sluggish, but not dry leaves and shoots are a sign of a fungal disease. Minor damage is treated with fungicides, if the roots are too much affected, healthy parts of the bush can be rooted.
- Stem decay is caused by over-frequent watering. You can save the bush by re-rooting its healthy top.
- Slow growth - lack of nutrients or too tight a pot.
High dry air and hot weather can lead to the appearance of pests - scale insects, aphids, spider mites, thrips or mealybugs. Especially often they settle on the foliage of young cordilins.Only special means will help to remove such pests, so it is better to prevent their appearance, observing all the conditions for caring for the flower.
Types and varieties of cordilina with photos and names
The sizes of this species can range from 1.5 to 3 m in height. Cordyline banksii has a straight and slender trunk. Elongated foliage is located on long petioles up to 30 cm long. The size of each plate reaches 1.5 m with a width of about 8 cm. They are lanceolate and pointed at the top. Outside, each leaf is green, and from the inside it is grayish. Long panicle inflorescences are formed by white flowers. A cool place is ideal for growing this species.
Apical cordilina (Cordyline terminalis)
Either shrub cordilina (Cordyline fruticosa), or apical dracaena (Dracaena terminalis). This species is thermophilic and most common in home floriculture. A semi-shrub with one or more graceful trunks up to 4 m in height. The size of its leaves reaches 60 cm with a width of up to 10 cm. The surface of the leaf has pronounced veins. The color can be green or variegated, greenish-purple with a colored border. The size of the petioles reaches 15 cm. During the flowering period, panicles up to 60 cm long are formed on the plant, composed of reddish-yellow flowers, which later turn into red berries.
In Hawaii, this cordilina was considered a ritual aid and a symbol of good luck. Parts of the plant were used by the islanders for food, and from its foliage they made clothes and made roofing of houses.
Cordilina red (Cordyline rubra)
The species is also known as red dracaena. Cordyline rubra reaches 4 m in height. It is a non-branching plant with wide, leathery foliage. Its plates reach 50 cm in length, and in width are only 5 cm. The color of the leaves is green, with noticeable veins. The petioles are about 15 cm long. Inflorescences are formed in the leaf axils, on which light purple flowers bloom on small pedicels. The species prefers cool content.
Cordilina undivided (Cordyline indivisa)
This species forms trees up to 12 m in height. Cordyline indivisa has a strong, slender trunk and belt-like foliage up to 1.5 m long. The width of the leaf plates reaches 15 cm. They are decorated with a red or yellow central vein, and sometimes with a colored border. The very surface of the leaf is green, and the inside has a bluish tint. Inflorescences are white, drooping and branching. This species is considered especially unpretentious, but also does not like heat.
Either Dracaena congesta or Dracaena stricta. The species is distinguished by a thin trunk up to 3 m high. It has leathery lanceolate leaves with serrated edges and a pointed tip at the top. The length of the leaf reaches half a meter with a width of up to 3 cm. The panicles of the inflorescences are formed by small purple flowers. They appear both from the leaf sinuses and grow on the top of the bush.
Southern Cordilina (Cordyline australis)
New Zealand endemic. This species forms palm trees up to 12 m in height. Due to its appearance, the plant is sometimes called the "Cornish palm" or "Isle of Man palm". Another interesting name for the species is "cabbage tree". Cordyline australis has a rigid trunk that widens downward. The foliage is sessile, xiphoid. Its leathery surface is colored green and complemented by a large light vein in the center. Milky white flowers have a pleasant scent. The size of lush, fragrant inflorescences can reach up to 1 m.
The leaves of this species are considered edible, in addition, parts of the plants are suitable for the production of strong fibers.
Cordilina - gardening
Agave family. These are evergreen shrubs and trees. Cordilina is often confused with dracaena or even palm trees. In culture, there are about 15 species. In their homeland, these are mainly very large plants, reaching a height of several meters. In apartment conditions, cordilins grow slowly and live with proper care for a very long time, as long as there is enough space and light. Large specimens are planted in tubs and placed in a bright place by the window. A tulle curtain protects the plant from direct sunlight, and if you put a cordilina in the back of the room, it will lack light, then old plants lose their old lower leaves especially intensively and the plant looks naked. On sale, you can often find cordilina in the form of a rooted piece of stem.
The most common types of cordilin are:
Cordilina southern or Australian Cordylinu australis is a tree with saber-shaped green leaves, up to 1 m long and 2-5 cm wide. There are varieties with red or yellow stripes along the leaf. Homeland South Zealand. One of the most unpretentious types of cordilin.
Cordilina apical Cordylinu terminalis is a tree with a weakly branched, weakly expressed or non-branched trunk. Leaves are oblong, narrowed at the end, about 50-80 cm long and 5-10 cm wide. There are forms with green leaves and crimson stripes on them, as well as with brown, yellow and red stripes. Homeland India, Malaysia, Polynesia, Australia. This type of cordilina requires more intense lighting and is more capricious to grow.
Cordilina undivided Cordylina indivisa is a tree that does not have a branched trunk. Leaves are lanceolate, tapering towards the base, often with a reddish border, and a bluish tint below, 60-100 cm long and 10-12 cm wide. The central vein on the leaf is orange or red. Homeland New Zealand.
Cordilina straight Cordylinu stricta is a tree whose stem is covered with remnants of dead lower leaves from below. Leaves up to 60 cm long, lanceolate or linear, tapering towards the end and with serrations or roughness along the edge. There are forms with bronze-purple leaves. Homeland Australia.
Temperature: Moderate, not lower than 15 ° С, most cordilins prefer a cool overwintering at a temperature of 8-10 ° С.
Lighting: Bright place, partial shade, does not tolerate direct sunlight. Many consider cordilina, like dracaena, to be a shade-loving plant, but in fact, in a dark place, it will stagnate and shrink. Intense light is needed for good growth and development. Variegated forms require more lighting than forms with green leaves. If there is enough light in summer, then in winter the cordilines should be rearranged closer to the window, since in winter there is usually not enough light.
Watering: Plentiful in summer, moderate in winter, but taking into account the room temperature. Cordilina does not tolerate stagnant water in a pot, otherwise the plants will shed their leaves. But it also does not tolerate overdrying an earthen coma. Cordilins are suitable for growing in hydroponics, they are good for watering not from above, but through a tray.
Fertilizer: During the growing season, from April to August, every two weeks, cordilins are fed with special complex fertilizers for indoor plants. You can use "Rainbow", "Ideal", "Giant", etc.
Air humidity: Cordilins require regular leaf spraying. As long as the plant is small, it can be placed on a tray of water. Give the plant a warm shower periodically to remove dust and freshen up the plant. Dry brown leaf tips often grow on cordilina when kept in rooms with central heating in winter.
Transfer: In the spring, every two years. The soil for cordilina is a mixture of heavy turf and leafy soil, rotted manure or greenhouse soil with the addition of sand. When transplanting cordilina, add pieces of charcoal (birch) charcoal and brick chips to the fresh soil mixture in addition to sand. On a bucket of earth, three handfuls of coals and 0.5 liters of brick chips. Pieces of coal prevent the development of rotting processes, and brick chips increase the looseness of the soil and collect excess moisture, which is very important, because dracaena do not tolerate excess and stagnant water.
Reproduction: Top cuttings (using heteroauxin and heated soil), pieces of the trunk, at least 10 cm long, layering. If you cut off the top of the cordilina, you can put it in a jar of water, adding a few pieces of charcoal there, after three months the roots will appear and the plant is planted in a pot. New shoots from lateral buds will appear on the mother plant at the point where the top is cut. To rejuvenate old specimens, the trunk under the crown is wrapped in moss, tied with a plastic bag and kept moist. Before this, transverse cuts are made on the trunk.
For its medicinal properties, comfrey has received many names - larkspur (not to be confused with larkspur), right bone, lop-eared, omentum and others. Comfrey grows in damp meadows and ravines, in river floodplains and in forests. The most valuable part of the plant is a thick, branched, outwardly black, but grayish-white root in the middle, which is harvested for medicinal purposes in autumn or spring before the leaves appear. In our country, comfrey is widely used for many diseases. The Hutsuls bathed children in a decoction of its roots for rheumatic pains. In Galicia.
The use of aloe for medicinal and wellness purposes
Aloe tree (agave) has long been used as a biogenic stimulant by official medicine. The substances contained in aloe strengthen the body, optimize the restoration of damaged tissues, optimize the outflow of bile, while irritating the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, have a mild laxative effect. Aloe is usually prescribed for tuberculosis, scleroderma, optic atrophy, infertility and a number of other diseases. However, in the stage of exacerbation of diseases and during pregnancy, this plant cannot be treated.
If you turn to the help of the English dictionary, then, you can find there the verb "to trim" which means - trim, trim, trim, hence the concept of trimmer, respectively, meaning a trimmer, trimmer. But, unfortunately, this word is not yet so popular, and we can hear more and more often "a lawn mower in hand". The trimmer design is very simple, it consists of a motor that drives the knives or line line, which in turn cut the grass. According to the principle of action, all trimmers.
The benefits of tomato and tomato juice
Scientists at Harvard University included tomatoes in the list of the ten most useful foods. This is not surprising, because tomatoes contain many substances, minerals and vitamins required for the body. Thanks to this, they are the best food for effective prevention of very serious and dangerous diseases. In addition, tomatoes and tomato sauces contain the extremely important fat-soluble carotenoid lycopene, to which they owe their red color. Lipoken is twice as effective as beta-carotene. And if we talk about the ways of struggle.
Removing excess heat from the greenhouse
If we build a greenhouse ourselves, we can immediately design it so that it is convenient for us and for the plants. The greenhouse should be warm, but not too warm, and the design of the greenhouse should be functional, i.e. perform the function for which it is intended: to maintain the optimum temperature and humidity for plant growth. Imagine that the Sun is a powerful free stove that turns on in the morning and turns off in the evening every day. It heats up the greenhouse in minutes. This is very convenient, if not for one problem. D.
Basic methods of dealing with slugs
In late May - early June, young slugs are born from eggs overwintered in the soil, which develop for two months, reach a mature age during this time and begin to reproduce. The female lays eggs in the most humid places - under heaps of grass, debris, under lumps of earth, near the root collar of plants. Slugs are nocturnal. During the day, pests crawl under lumps of earth, hide under plants, and at night they get out of their shelters and damage the plants. They harm the plantings of cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers, strawberries, potatoes. I eat slugs.
Celery is a unique medicinal plant
Europeans began to eat celery as a vegetable only in the XV-XVI centuries. He came to Russia during the reign of Catherine II, but the nobles for a long time bred him for purely decorative purposes. It was only in the 18th century that the rhizomes of the plant were found to be the most fragrant and delicate of all white roots. Since that time, celery has occupied a special place among root crops and is valued for its high content of vitamins, mineral salts and a specific pleasant smell. Nowadays it is known for certain that it is also a unique medicinal plant, in which it contains.
The genus of carnations has about 300 species, it includes both annual, biennial and perennial species. Carnation grows as a herb, rarely a dwarf shrub. Her flowers are single or collected in a paniculate or corymbose inflorescence, velvety, with an eye or a border. Petals with a long marigold, with a solid or fringed-incised, serrated plate. Carnation prefers a sunny location and elevated areas. The soil must be fertile, non-acidic, but the flower prefers loam. Does not tolerate waterlogging and.
The healing properties of cranberries
This unique berry helps to normalize metabolism, stimulates the function of the pancreas, is effective for colds, periodontal disease, and also has an amazing property to soothe naughty nerves. Fresh cranberry juice and cranberry juice prevent the formation of kidney and bladder stones, remove toxins and salts of heavy metals from the body. Not so long ago, scientists proved that cranberries contain a large amount of antioxidants - substances that can extinguish the harmful effects of free radicals in the body. mo.
Asian lily hybrids
The variety of Asian varieties is impressive. Considering that Asian hybrids have the best adaptability to the Russian climate, gardeners have a great opportunity to arrange paradise on their garden plot. It is this lily group that is characterized by the greatest variety of color of flowers and their structure. And, on top of that, every year more and more varieties are bred. Asian hybrids began to spread in the fifties of the last century. Their story of conquering the world began with breeder Jan de Graft (America),.
Carrot juice contains trace elements, minerals, antioxidants, so the juice obtained from carrots is considered a healthy product. Carrot juice is especially rich in vitamin A, the strongest antioxidant in the juice. Vitamin A is best absorbed by the human body from carrot juice. Also, carrot juice prevents the appearance of malignant tumors. Nowadays it is very fashionable to use fresh juices or freshly squeezed juices. This is due to the fact that they do not contain preservatives and other harmful additives. Basically, this juice is considered excluded.
Traditionally, it is customary to plant strawberries in autumn, in September. Seedlings are taken from the May whiskers, and the next summer may be harvesting. But the planting of seedlings in the spring is more successful if the seedlings were available in the fall or overwintered well on the plantations. This spring, indeed, countless seedlings are sold, strawberries, in spite of the harsh winter, wintered beautifully. New promising strawberry varieties are currently on sale: Pandora, Fireworks, Gigantella Maxim and others.
Please tell us how to care for Cordilina mix. The lower leaves turn yellow. Can leaves damaged by a cat be trimmed?
Cordilina grows well in a bright, warm room with humid air, in a fertile substrate of equal parts of humus, turf, leafy soil and sand.Variegated species of cordilina are more demanding for heat, moisture and light. Watering cordilina should be moderate and even - from excessive watering, its fleshy roots quickly rot. In winter, watering is limited, the plant is kept cool from excess heat in winter and dry air, pests attack the cordilina. Cordilina does not tolerate drafts and sudden temperature fluctuations.
In the spring, the cordilina is transplanted, if necessary, in the summer it is recommended to take it to fresh air. Frequent spraying of cordilina leaves is desirable. From March to August, cordilina is fertilized 2 times a month, alternating the introduction of slurry and mineral fertilizers.
In the cordilina, like in its close relative, the dracaena, over time, the lower leaves gradually fall off and the lower part of the trunk becomes bare, it becomes like a palm tree.
If the leaves damaged by the cat are still green, do not cut them - they will still serve the plant. To make your cat less interested in cordilina and other plants, plant it regularly in your personal Greens for Cats pot.
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Cordilina: home care, photo, flower reproduction
Indoor flowers can be a wonderful decoration for any home. Especially if they are correctly selected by the owner, fit well into the interior and look beautiful and healthy. Many crops have come to indoor gardening from other countries with completely different climatic conditions. Therefore, of course, they need special supervision. So, the topic of our today's conversation will be cordilina, we will clarify what kind of care she needs at home, we will give a photo, and discuss the reproduction of this plant.
Cordilina came to us from the tropics and subtropics, in the wild it is a tree or a shrub and can freely reach several meters in height. With proper care, such a plant grows well in indoor conditions, lives for a long time and develops well.
Cordilina southern (cordyline australis) is very similar to dracaena, and many confuse these plants. But cordilina, unlike dracaena, is capable of forming root processes. In addition, its root is white in cross-section, and in dracaena it looks orange-yellow.
At home, cordyline fruticosa compacta is often grown - a pretty tree with a thin trunk. Its leaves are colored green and gather at the top of the trunk. And over time, the lower leaves fall off, and the trunk becomes bare, which makes the cordilina of fruticose compacta look like a palm tree.
In the photo, cordilina of fruticose compacta
Cordilina flower compacta fruticosis - home care
The plant is best grown on the windowsills of the western or eastern windows. Such a plant needs sufficient lighting, however, direct sunlight can greatly harm it and cause burns on the leaves. Therefore, if you put a flowerpot on the south window, it will need to be shaded. With a lack of lighting, the leaves of the compact fruit cordilina lose their decorative effect.
In the hot season, the flower may well live at room temperature - from twenty to twenty-five degrees. But in the cold season, fruticosis compacta should be kept at slightly cooler thermometer readings - about eighteen degrees.
It is imperative to protect such indoor plants from drafts.
Features of watering cordilina
In spring and summer, cordilina plants must be watered immediately after some drying of the top layer of soil in a pot. Drying out can harm the plant. But it must be remembered that excessive watering is also fraught with unpleasant consequences, for example, acidification of the soil and rotting of the root system. For watering cordilina, it is worth using exceptionally soft water, which has been settled throughout the day.
At home, cordilina is quite sensitive to air humidity. It should not be grown near hot batteries or in too dry rooms.
Cordilina Fruicose compacta needs periodic spraying, they can be carried out with extremely soft and settled water. In this case, it is necessary to protect the points of growth of the plant from decay.
Indoor cordilins need additional nutrients. Readers of Popular About Health need to feed such plants at the stage of active growth almost once a week. For this, it is convenient to use complex fertilizers.
Young plants need to be transplanted annually into slightly larger growing containers. Slightly older plants are transferred to new pots a little less often - once every couple of years. In this case, you need to focus on the size of the root system. If the roots have filled the pot, then a transplant should be carried out in the coming spring.
Soil for cordilin can be prepared on your own. It should be slightly acidic, for example, composed of three parts of garden soil, one part of sand and the same amount of peat. At the bottom of the pot, it is imperative to organize a good drainage layer.
It is this kind of care for the cordilina that she likes.
Reproduction at home
There are several methods of breeding cordilin. But at home, such a plant is usually propagated by cuttings or by dividing the bush.
For grafting from cordilina, it is necessary to cut off the cuttings so that there is at least one node on them. At the same time, they can be cut from the top and from the leafless stem. But it is important to use only semi-lignified cuttings. Rooting of planting material should be carried out in sand or in a soil mixture of equal proportions of peat and leafy soil, as well as sand. The container with cuttings should be at a temperature of twenty-five to thirty degrees, the earth must be systematically sprayed so that it remains constantly moist. Usually, the rooting of cuttings occurs quite quickly, and literally after a month, the plants can be transferred into individual pots filled with a mixture of equal shares of humus and compost soil, as well as sand.
If you want to propagate cordilina by dividing the bush, you need to remove the plant from the pot. The roots should be removed from the part to be planted and placed in the same soil as for rooting cuttings. After the separated rhizome has taken root, it is transferred to a soil mixture for adult plants.
Cordilina is an excellent ornamental plant for the home that needs proper care.
Plant Cordilina Fruicose kiwi 55 cm
A tropical plant, Cordilina Fruicose kiwi is unpretentious in content. When favorable conditions are created, it grows for many years. It has many types for indoor cultivation. Retains its unusual color throughout the year. Rarely sick, tolerates drought well. It brings a tropical touch to the interior of the apartment.
|Plant height:||55 cm|
|Soil type:||Drained rich soil, sandy soil|
|Lighting:||For partial shade (shade-tolerant)|
|Temperature:||20.25 hail. Celsius|
|Reproduction:||Division, seeds, apical cuttings|
|Types of feeding:||Root liquid top dressing|
|Pot diameter:||13 cm|
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Cabbage tree - so called cordilina navigator James Cook who discovered it. The local population used its young leaves for food. The seeds of the plant are rich in oil. Cordilin is used at home and for economic purposes - for the manufacture of fiber for mats, brushes, ropes. Well, it will be useful to us for beauty.
I started looking at the cordilina in a flower shop. I admired everything - what a bright houseplant, I kept thinking: I wish I had such an exotic beauty. Only after all, probably, you will have to look after her like a queen!
Slowly I began to ask the sellers what kind of plant it was, where it came from and how to keep it. In some ways, she was right: indeed, Cordilina is a guest from Australia (she still lives in New Zealand, New Guinea and nowhere else). But on the part of leaving, I was mistaken: the queen turned out to be accommodating.
In the end, I nevertheless decided to buy a cordilina, and I do not regret it at all. And the plant doesn't complain. I keep it on a light windowsill, some, by analogy with dracaena, put it in the shade - this is a mistake.
Bright, variegated leaves of cordilina need light, otherwise they will fade and grind.
My plant has very bright leaves, so in winter I put it in the brightest place. There are plants with darker leaves - a darker place is suitable for them.
I water the cordilina sparingly, but I make sure that the water does not pour out onto the pan, the plant does not like stagnant moisture.
And so that the water does not stagnate, when I poured the soil into the pot, I added a handful of sand, pieces of charcoal and brick chips to it. Proportions: for 1 bucket of earth - 3 handfuls of coals, 0.5 liters of brick chips. Brick chips make the soil looser and collects excess moisture, while coal prevents rotting processes.
She loves a shower of cordilina when the plant was small, there were no problems with this - I took it to the bathroom, now it is already an adult, and I just wipe the leaves in winter and summer with a damp cloth.
Cordilina is a "smart" plant, will always tell you what is wrong. In the fall, the tips of the leaves suddenly began to dry out, I immediately realized: aha, the batteries were turned on, and immediately moved the plant away from the heat.
In the spring I feed the cordilina with the usual complex fertilizer (from April to August every two weeks).
I bought the plant very small and had no idea what it would be like in a few years. Now I know.
I have good leaving cordilin stretched out one and a half meters, read that this is the ceiling, it will not be higher. I really hope so. I put the pot with the plant on a stand with wheels, so now I have a mobile corner of Australian nature at home.
Diseases and pests of cordilina
- Brown edges on leaves - insufficient watering.
- Leaves are curled, soft with brown edges - too low temperature (possibly warm during the day and cold at night)
- Leaves turned yellow - dry air or lack of nitrogen in the soil.
- Light dry spots on the leaves - bright light, sunburn. Shading is required.
Scabbards are dangerous from pests, they suck out cell sap. The leaves lose color, dry out and fall off. You need to wipe the leaves with a soapy sponge, then spray with an insecticide solution for indoor flowers.
Tripe - light dots appear at the top of the leaf, it becomes grayish brown. Reason: high temperature and low humidity. The plant should be sprayed with insecticides.