Clematis Ville de Lyon is the perfect variety for beginners
Many summer residents dream of clematis, but in advance consider them too delicate and capricious plants. The unpretentious large-flowered variety Ville de Lyon with spectacular bright crimson flowers is ideal for beginner growers.
Clematis Ville de Lyon - a time-tested French variety
Clematis Ville de Lyon was bred in France in 1899. This is a hybrid variety from the Vititsella clematis group.
For its spectacular flowering and relative unpretentiousness, this variety is still very popular in Europe and Russia. It grows well and blooms profusely every year in the gardens of the Moscow Region and the Leningrad Region.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Clematis Ville de Lyon is a vine up to 3 meters high clinging to leaf stalks. Leaves are pinnate or trifoliate. At the very bottom of the shoots, the leaves dry out at the end of summer - this is a normal phenomenon, a natural feature of this variety. The bushes form many shoots and grow rapidly.
Clematis Ville de Lyon is an unpretentious variety with large bright crimson flowers
Flowering is very abundant, occurs on the shoots of the current year and lasts from June to September. The buds and flowers are directed upwards. The diameter of the flowers reaches 13 centimeters, the length of the pedicels is up to 15 centimeters. The flowers are fully open, 6 petals, intense crimson, in the bright sun fading to pale pink. The petals are wide, partially overlapping. Anthers are yellow.
Clematis Ville de Lyon is used to decorate the walls of buildings, gazebos, fences, and separately located supporting structures.
Clematis Ville de Lyon is distinguished by abundant flowering
This variety belongs to the third pruning group: all shoots are cut short for the winter, which is very convenient for growing in central and northern regions with frosty winters. Without shelter, it can withstand winter temperatures down to -25 degrees.
Ville de Lyon does not like intense heat. In southern regions with hot summers, this variety is best planted in a slightly shaded area to prolong flowering.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety - table
|Large bright flowers||In the southern regions, in the hot sun, the flowers fade, the plants fade prematurely|
|Early and long flowering|
|Undemanding care||The lower leaves dry out at the end of summer, which reduces the decorative effect of plants|
|Relative winter hardiness|
I saw a luxuriously flowering clematis bush Ville de Lyon in Kazan in the garden of my grandmother's friend. The spectacle is stunning: the veranda wall is almost entirely covered with large crimson flowers. We planted this variety too, the plant took root and grew to bloom, but died in one of the extreme winters, when the 35-degree frosts lasted longer than a month.
Ville de Lyon, like all varietal clematis, requires:
- good sunlight;
- protecting the root system from overheating;
- permeable fertile soil of non-acidic reaction with a pH of at least 7.
The landing site depends on the region:
- In the central and northern regions, it is better to plant near the southeastern or southwestern walls, retreating at least 70 centimeters from the foundation to the nearest edge of the planting pit.
- In the southern regions, it is necessary to plant so that in the hottest midday hours the flowers are in partial shade.
The root system of clematis is afraid of overheating and needs mulching or shading even in the middle lane. You can plant low-growing flowers with a shallow root system under clematis, this shades the soil and looks beautiful. Wood chips or gravel are suitable for mulch.
Planting holes are dug with a depth and diameter of 60 centimeters. On clay soil at the bottom of the pit, a drainage layer of 10-15 centimeters of broken brick is required. After planting, the root collar of the seedling should be located 8–12 centimeters below the soil surface. Best landing time:
- in the southern regions - April or September;
- in the central and northern regions - May.
When planting clematis, the root collar is buried 8-12 cm below the soil surface
Summer care for Ville de Lyon is standard for all clematis:
- regular weed removal,
- in drought watering 2-3 times a month, 1-3 buckets of water per plant, depending on its size.
For normal growth and flowering of clematis, the shoots need support. It is convenient to use a mesh-netting.
In the Ville de Lyon variety, the flowers look up, so the plant looks more impressive on low supports up to 1.5-2 meters high.
In autumn, after the onset of frost, all shoots of clematis Ville de Lyon are cut 2-3 centimeters above the lowest pair of buds. The ground around the plant is covered with coniferous spruce branches in 1 layer, cut short shoots are lowered onto it and covered with spruce branches from above with a layer of 10 centimeters. In the spring, the shelter is removed immediately after the snow melts.
Where there is no frost below -25 degrees, this variety successfully winters without shelter.
For the winter, shoots of clematis Ville de Lyon are cut over the lowest pair of buds
Possible problems and solutions
Improper planting is the main reason for poor growth and flowering of clematis. This can be corrected only by transplanting the plant to a more suitable place.
Reasons for the poor health of clematis - table
|How does it manifest||What caused|
|There are very few or no flowers at all||Clematis lacks light|
|Flowers fade quickly, the plant looks depressed||Clematis is too hot|
|The plant freezes in winter, starts growing very late in spring and forms frail shoots||Planting too shallow or insufficient winter cover|
Reviews of this variety
Ville de Lyon is a beautiful and unpretentious clematis that can decorate any garden. This variety is well suited for beginners, and even experienced growers are delighted with its spectacular, profuse flowering.
"Clematis Niobe" (clematis, clematis, lozinka) - belong to the Lomonos genus, the Buttercup family, the Zhakman group. A perennial plant is often planted to decorate a backyard. Clematis Niobe is appreciated by gardeners for its decorative effect, unpretentiousness and long flowering period.
- Breeding history
- Description of Clematis Niobe
- Frost resistance, drought resistance
- Disease and pest resistance
- Breeding methods for clematis
- Planting and caring for clematis Niobe
- Recommended timing
- Choosing the right place
- Selection and preparation of planting material
- Landing algorithm
- Follow-up care for clematis
- Top dressing
- Mulching and loosening the soil
- Which trimming group does Clematis Niobe belong to?
- Pruning clematis niobe
- Preparing for winter
- Shrub shelter for the winter
- Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
"Beauty Bride" forms clinging shoots 250 ... 300 cm long. The first flowering begins in mid-May and lasts until mid-July, the second begins in August. The first flowering is very abundant, with good care the leaves are almost hidden behind the flowers. The second is less abundant.
The flowers are bushy and very large, from 18 to 28 cm in diameter. Sepals from 4 to 8, they are oval or broadly oval in shape with a pointed tip and a slightly wavy edge. The sepals are 9… 13 cm long, 4.5… 6 cm wide. The color is white. Lemon filaments, purple binders, white anthers.
Varieties for Siberia
When choosing clematis of 3 groups, the best varieties in Siberia, you can pay attention to most of the vines suitable for growing in the Urals. Even late flowering plants adapt well in cold climates. The buds bloom in late July - early September. Such vines bloom once, but abundantly. When the bush fades, the shoots are immediately cut off, leaving 1-2 buds, and the rhizome is covered for the winter.
For Siberia, you can choose the following varieties:
- Zhakman. Vines throw out beautiful purple flowers. The petals are velvety. The diameter of the flower is about 8 cm. The scourge grows up to 3.5 m long. The bush is abundantly covered with color from July and fades in September.
Almost all varieties of clematis of the 3rd group are suitable for growing in Siberia. For the winter, the plants need to be well covered and do not forget to cut them.
Clematis, belonging to the third pruning group, are perfectly suited for cultivation in temperate regions, as well as in the Urals and Siberia. In contrast to relatives of other groups, they are able to withstand negative air temperatures, up to -25 ° C.
These clematis begin to bloom in early or mid-summer, and end in the first half of autumn. At the same time, flowers are formed exclusively on the shoots of the first year of life, and on older shoots, foliage is formed in large quantities, which ultimately leads to a strong thickening of the bush.
It is for this reason that in the fall, after clematis fades (approximately in October-November, but even before the onset of frost), the shoots that have already bloomed this year are cut off, and only young shoots are left on the bush.
It is not at all difficult to carry out such pruning, any novice amateur gardener can do this: the faded shoots are cut with scissors, or with pruning shears at the level of 2-3 buds from the ground.
Another pruning, this time, sanitary, is carried out in the spring, when the frozen or defect-free shoots are pruned.
It should also be noted that if you have just planted clematis (in the spring), then with the onset of autumn it must be cut off completely. This will promote the development of the root system of the bush, as well as help it survive the winter better.
Clematis Ville de Lyon - description and reviews of summer residents about liana
Each summer resident is trying to somehow decorate the area around the house. Of course, you can put a flower bed, install interesting fences, use various decorative elements. But sometimes you want the building itself to look more attractive. In this case, climbing plants have become very popular. They braid the supports and add beauty to the overall look. For example, in just a season, with the help of vines, it is really possible to transform that part of the courtyard that did not fit well with the general theme of the square. Especially often used for these purposes are clematis of the Ville de Lyon variety. What is clematis Ville de Lyon, a description of a vine, features of its cultivation and reviews of summer residents - all this will be discussed in the article.
Characteristics of the Ville de Lyon creeper
Today, clematis Villede Lyon is the most popular among domestic florists. This variety was developed about 120 years ago in France. Although the plant has been known for over a century, it is still actively used to decorate gardens.
In Russia, this type of vine is found in almost every home.
A detailed description of the clematis cultivar Ville de Lyon is presented below:
- The plant is a bush-type liana.
- The length of the stems reaches 3.5 meters.
- The color of the branches is brown or brownish. Young shoots are light brown in color.
- The inflorescences are rather large. The diameter of the loose buds is 15 centimeters. Each flower has 5-6 sepals. The petals are fuchsia. The length of the stamens is about 2 centimeters. Anthers are yellow.
- Clematis Ville de Line begins to bloom in July - early August. This period lasts until autumn frosts.
After examining the reviews about Clematis Ville de Lyon, you can highlight the following advantages of this variety:
- Resistant to fungal infections.
- Frost resistance. Therefore, it is not required to dig up and plant a vine every season.
- The culture is perennial.
- The variety is capable of hibernating without special shelter. What can not be said about other types of clematis.
- Abundant flowering.
- Fast growing variety.
- Non-profitability in cultivation.
In addition, growing clematis from seeds at home is a completely feasible and simple task. The main thing is to remember some rules. For example, before wintering, the shrub must be cut off. It should be remembered that the plant is prone to burnout. Being under the scorching sun for a whole season, after a while Ville de Lyon dries up, the color of the flowers becomes almost white. It should also be noted that as the vines age, the flowers become somewhat smaller, acquire a purple color.
Features and rules for growing clematis Ville de Lyon from seeds
Ville de Lyon is an ideal variety for planting against walls, fences, and for decorating gazebos. Liana perfectly climbs trees, bushes.
Knowing how the cultivation of clematis from seeds is carried out, what features in care exist, it is possible to completely transform the summer cottage with the help of a beautiful liana within a season.
Therefore, it makes sense to consider the planting rules and the nuances of cultivation. Planting is carried out in spring or autumn. The most optimal planting dates are September and October.
How to plant clematis with seeds is described below:
- Purchase planting material. Soak the seeds for a while. Sow sprouted seeds in small pots with fertile soil. When sprouts appear, transfer them to a permanent place of growth.
- Decide on the place of planting of the vines. It is better to choose an area with partial shade. You also need to take care of the availability of support for the plant, along which it will climb up as it grows. It should be noted that the support for clematis with your own hands must be high - at least 2 meters. Its width is optimal - 1.5 meters. The chain-link mesh is the most optimal support option. A fence will also work.
- The distance between the seedlings should be kept to 80 centimeters.
- When planting in a pit, add superphosphate, wood ash and humus. If the acidity of the soil is increased, lime is added. In order for the soil to pass moisture well, a drainage layer is placed on the bottom of the hole, consisting of crushed brick or large pebbles.
- Before planting, the roots of a young plant must be dipped in a clay mash.
- Deepen the seedling into the hole.
- Cover the hole with earth.
- Cover the near-trunk culture circle with mulch.
How to care for Ville de Lyon?
The first 2-3 years after planting, the Ville de Lyon variety liana builds up its vegetative mass, develops the root system. And the plant begins to bloom profusely at 3-4 years. So that the culture does not waste energy on flowering, in the first year, experts advise removing all formed buds.
In total, there are three groups of lianas formation. The considered variety belongs to the third group. The third group of pruning clematis Ville de Lyon involves carrying out activities to form a bush in spring or autumn. Heavy pruning is in progress. The processes are shortened 7 millimeters above the kidney. There should be a distance of 20 centimeters from the ground surface. This gives an impetus to lush flowering.
Liana is unpretentious in leaving. During the season, special fertilizers for flowering crops are applied about 3 times. Regularly, as the soil dries up, irrigation is carried out.For the winter, the plant is spud, covered and mulched with peat.
Conclusions on the cultivation of the clematis cultivar Ville de Lyon
Ville de Lyon is a popular variety of clematis, which is a beautiful vine with fuchsia-toned flowers. Openwork foliage and large, luxurious inflorescences - this is why the variety is so fond of domestic summer residents. Often this variety is used to decorate balconies, gazebos, and create hedges. At the moment, Ville de Lyon is the ideal tub plant. Read the article: How does clematis propagate by cuttings in various culture groups?
Clematis: planting and care in the open field
Cultivated varieties are quite capricious. Some of them, especially those with tap roots, do not tolerate a transplant... Therefore, the choice of a landing site should be considered carefully. In order not to be mistaken in this matter, you need to know in advance the preferences of clematis. So, this plant loves:
- A place where the sun is always abundant
- Wind protection, both in winter and in summer
- A place where no stagnant water occurs
- Light and airy soil.
Since the plant is weaving, it is often planted. along the walls of buildings and fencesin. But you have to be careful here. If you are planting clematis along the wall of the house, then the distance should be at least half a meter (and it is better to indent one meter). When planting along the fence, you need to choose the right material for making the latter. It is impossible to plant clematis near a solid metal fence. The thing is that in sunny weather, heat will go from the fence. In such a "stove" your clematis will quickly "bake" and die.