Juniper medium pfitzeriana
Juniper average Pfitzeriana is a coniferous shrub with arcuate curved branches. Evergreen needles are not prickly, soft, with needle-like and scaly needles. The lower branches of the plant lie on the ground. The shrub grows quickly and is not picky about the soil. At the age of ten it grows up to one and a half meters in height, and reaches three meters in diameter.
Juniper Pfitzeriana has an attractive appearance throughout the year, delighting with its green needles. It adjoins well with rose bushes and perennials. Juniper is medium frost-resistant, tolerates drought and harmful urban emissions in the air, tolerates pruning well. The biologically active substances phytoncides secreted by juniper purify the air from harmful pathogenic bacteria, making it useful for humans.
As a result of selection, many varieties of middle juniper were bred, differing in the color of the needles, the shape of the crown and its size.
Popular varieties of juniper medium
Juniper medium Pfitzeriana Aurea (Pfitzeriana Aurea)
This variety of juniper grows strongly in width, reaching a diameter of about five meters, so it is not suitable for small flower beds. It is used in landscape design, for decorating the lower tier in parks and gardens. The color of the needles is golden yellow-green, the shape of the crown is spreading. Like most junipers, this shrub is photophilous, frost-hardy, unpretentious to care for.
Juniper medium Pfitzeriana Gold Coast (pfitzeriana Gold Coast)
A shrub that looks very good against a lawn when planted alone. The maximum height that he can reach after ten years of growth is one meter, the crown diameter is up to three meters. It grows slowly, the color of the needles is golden-yellow-green in a well-lit planting site. The shape of the crown is widely spread.
Juniper Pfitzeriana Gold Star (pfitzeriana Gold Star)
Low spreading shrub. Grows faster in fertile soils. At the age of ten it reaches half a meter in height and one and a half meter in diameter. The crown is spreading, flat. The branches are horizontal. This juniper variety looks impressive due to the golden color of the needles. Suitable for small gardens and stone beds. Looks good both in composition with other plants, and separately.
Juniper Blu ande Gold (Blue and Gold)
An original ornamental juniper variety. On the same bush, shoots of different colors grow - yellow and green-blue. It is small in size and after ten years of growth reaches a meter in height and a meter in diameter. Looks good in color compositions in combination with other evergreens.
Juniper medium Mint Julep (Mint Julep)
Large shrub with spreading branches. An adult bush has a dense crown and arcuate curved branches. The needles are colored bright green. It grows to a height of no more than one and a half meters. In landscaping, it is used to create living walls and for single planting in large parks. In America, this variety of juniper is industrial.
Juniper Pfitzeriana Compact (Pfitzeriana Compacta)
The needles of this juniper are gray-green in color. The crown of the bush is compact, in an adult plant, it is spread above the ground. After ten years of growth, the plant reaches a height of eighty centimeters with a diameter of two meters. Not suitable for small flower bed arrangements, looks better in gardens and parks.
Juniper medium Old Gold
Slow growing shrub. Does not grow more than half a meter in height with a bush diameter of one meter. The crown has a regular shape and is compact. The needles are golden-green, yellow on young shoots. A very popular variety of juniper. Suitable for growing in containers, on lawns, looks good in compositions with other plants.
Juniper Pfitzeriana Glauca (Pfitzeriana Glauca)
The crown of this shrub is dense, has an irregularly rounded shape. The juniper growing in a sunny place has bluish-blue needles, in partial shade it acquires a grayish-green color. It grows in height up to one and a half to two meters with a diameter of up to four meters. Planted on terraces, rocky mounds, in combination with other herbaceous perennials.
Juniper medium Sheridan Gold (Sheridan Gold)
Slow growing shrub. At the age of ten, it does not exceed forty centimeters in height and meters in width. The crown is almost all needle-shaped in the spring, painted in golden-yellow color, at other times of the year it is yellow-green. At the beginning of growth, the branches are creeping, then they begin to grow upward. The plant, like all junipers, loves sunny open places, loses its bright color in the shade. Grows best on loose sandy, not very wet soils. Looks impressive both in a group composition and separately from other ornamental plants. Used to decorate parterre lawns and small gardens.
Juniper medium Sulfur Spray (Sulfur Spray)
A small shrub no more than half a meter high. Branches are prostrate-ascending. The needles are greenish-yellowish with light yellow ends, as if they have a sulphurous coating (this is reflected in the name).
Juniper medium Hetzi (Hetzii)
Fast growing juniper variety. Reaches a height of two to three to five meters with a crown width of five to seven meters. Like all junipers, it lends itself well to pruning. The needles are mostly scaly, small. The color is gray-green. The branches in adult specimens are located obliquely, in young specimens they are spread above the ground. The crown is spreading. It is used in single and group compositions.
Juniper King of Spring (King of Spring)
The name of this juniper is translated from English as "King of Spring". An elegant shrub with a bright yellow-green color of needles. To make the needles as bright as possible, it is recommended to plant the plant in a sunny place. In the shade, the juniper will darken to a dark green color. This juniper variety is undersized, does not grow to a height of more than thirty-five centimeters. The bushes grow slowly, adding about seven centimeters per year. The diameter can reach two and a half meters. Juniper of this variety is ideal for creating juniper carpets on slides, decorating parterre lawns and park alleys.
Juniper Pfitzeriana (medium): Aurea, King of Spring, Glauka and other varieties
The medium juniper is a hardy ornamental plant that can beautify any garden. To successfully grow ephedra on the site, it is enough to familiarize yourself with the varieties and basic rules of care.
- Description of Pfitzeriana Medium Juniper
- Frost resistance, drought resistance
- Growth rate and size of medium juniper
- Popular varieties of medium juniper
- King of Spring
- Blue & Gold
- Gold Coast
- Mordigan Gold
- Dubs frosted
- Cybrook Gold
- Wilhelm Pfitzer
- Old Gold
- Carbury Gold
- Gold Kissen
- Gold Star
- Mint Julep
- The use of Pfitzeriana juniper in landscape design
- Reproduction methods
- Landing features
- Follow-up care
- Watering and feeding schedule
- Pruning rules
- Mulching, soil loosening
- Preparing for winter
- Pests and diseases of Pfitzerian juniper
Description of the variety
Juniper average Pfitzeriana Compact was obtained in Germany from crossing two types of conifers: Cossack and Chinese juniper. As a result of selection, a compact plant was obtained that fits perfectly into the design of a small area.
By the age of 10, the juniper reaches a height of 1 m, the diameter of the bush is 2 m. The perennial belongs to slowly growing conifers, stretching in height by 8-10 cm per year.
The crown of the plant resembles a lush flat pillow, without a pronounced top. Branches extend horizontally from the trunk, their tips rise up.
The needles of the Pfitzeriana juniper are green, with a gray (silvery) bloom. At the base of the shoots, the needles are needle-like, then - scaly, small, prickly.
The perennial has a developed root system, thanks to which the shrub tolerates drought perfectly. The variety is frost-hardy and shade-tolerant, suitable for growing in urban conditions.
This variety is recommended to be placed in rock gardens and rockeries, in the company of vertically growing conifers (thuja, spruce) and perennial plants (hosta, barberry, astilba, daylily).
Planting and caring for junipers
Timing for boarding
It is best to plant Junipers in the spring (April or May). Sometimes shrubs are planted in autumn (mainly in October). Such a culture prefers ultraviolet rays, but its cultivation is allowed in semi-shaded places.
The plant does not put forward special requirements for the soil. But it is better to give preference to loose, moist, calcareous soils. The acidity level should be up to pH 6-7.
Selection of seedlings
To grow beautiful and healthy shrubs, it is better to plant three-year-old seedlings. For purchase, choose garden centers or nurseries. Pay attention to the container in which the crop is being grown. It is best to give preference to containers with a volume of 3-5 liters.
When using large enough seedlings, their growing process will be significantly slowed down. Also remember that when buying potted plants, you can plant them in the garden at any time of the year. Before that, be sure to leave the root system in water for several hours. Having a desire, the root system is processed by "Kornevin" in order to stimulate the development of culture.
If you want to plant more than one bush, but several, consider the distance between them. It should be approximately 1.5-2 m.For compact and miniature forms, the distance is left up to 50 cm.
The depth of the planting hole depends on the size of the root system. Its parameters should be 2-3 times higher than the roots. For small seedlings, a hole is made with parameters 50 by 50 by 50 centimeters.
15 days before planting, broken brick and sand must be laid on the bottom of the hole to make a drainage layer. Then place a mixture of sod, peat and sand mixture.
When planting the Virginia Juniper, up to ¼ of a bucket of compost is added to the soil. And it is better to plant a plant in poor sandy soil.
Make sure that the root collar of the plant is at the same level with the soil surface. The immediately planted plant is watered, and after absorbing the liquid, the surface of the trunk circle is mulched (sawdust, peat, chips). The thickness of such a layer is 5-8 centimeters.
It is recommended to water Junipers only during periods of active drought; one adult bush will require up to 2 buckets of water. Plants respond favorably to leaf hydration, which is performed weekly. For such purposes, a spray bottle is used.
Top dressing of bushes
It is recommended to use a nitroammophoska for plant nutrition. Fertilizer will need to be embedded in the ground, and then watered thoroughly. If conifers grow in very poor soil, then such fertilizers are carried out during the growing season, but with a break of 1 month.
Junipers should only be pruned if desired to form hedges. In all other cases, it is better to neutralize such a process. The fact is that the plant recovers very slowly. Experts advise using only sanitary pruning to remove long or damaged branches.
How to transplant a Juniper
Sometimes gardeners are faced with the need to transplant a plant to another place. But, it should be borne in mind that such a process can only harm an adult culture. If a transplant is an urgent need, then the bush must be prepared.
In the spring time, they take a shovel, retreat from the near-trunk circle to 40 cm, cut through the soil to the depth of the bayonet. This will allow the division of the peripheral young roots of the bush. Then wait until fall or next spring arrives. This period is enough for young roots to form inside the earthen coma. As a result, culture transplantation is painless.
Juniper medium pfitzeriana - gardening
Juniper medium Pfitzeriana Aurea is an ornamental shrub with a spreading crown, grows up to 3 m in height and up to 5 m in diameter. It grows moderately quickly: the annual growth is 15-20 cm, by the age of 10 it reaches 1 m in height and 2-3 m in diameter. The needles are yellow-green, golden on young shoots, soft, scaly, needle-like at the base. Shoots are horizontal, ascending obliquely with drooping ends. Does not form fruit.
The middle juniper is a species that does not exist in nature, which includes hybrid creeping varieties that do not lend themselves to species identification.
Location of the juniper: should be planted in sunny places. In the shade, plants grow loose and lose their charm (decorative merit) of their form. Common juniper tolerates some shading.
Juniper planting: the distance between plants depends on the variety and the expected effect. The planting depth depends on the clod of earth and the root system, usually 70 cm - with the addition of earth to the pit. Drainage if necessary: broken brick and sand, a layer of 15-20 cm. Soil mixture: peat, turf, sand (2: 1: 1), the ratios may vary, for example, Siberian and coastal juniper prefer sandy soils, Central Asian species and juniper Cossack species respond positively to soil liming, Virginia juniper grows better on clay soils and chernozem. All junipers are undemanding to soil fertility.
Juniper care: in the spring in April - May, nitroammofoska is introduced, 30 - 40 g / m2. Common juniper, Chinese and scaly juniper Virginia, Cossack and others are poorly tolerated by dry air - they are drought-resistant, but grow better on soils of moderate moisture. In dry summer, it is recommended to water 2-3 times per season and spraying once a week in the evening. Loosening, mulching is carried out shallow after watering and weeding in young plantings. Mulching with peat, wood chips or sawdust in a layer of 5 - 8 cm immediately after planting, and for thermophilic cultivars - in winter. Cutting, pruning depends on the type and place of cultivation. Dry branches are mainly removed. Junipers with a columnar crown shape are tied up for the winter, since branches often break off under the weight of the snow cover. Most of the recommended species and forms do not cover, except for the first winter after planting young plants.
Reproduction of juniper: seeds, which in some species ripen in the year of flowering, in others only in the second year. Seedlings after sowing appear in 1-3 years. For spring sowing, monthly stratification is required at a temperature of 20-30 ° C, then 4 months at 14-15 ° C. For a more friendly germination, the seeds are cleaned from pericarp before sowing and scarified (partially disturb the hard integument). It is recommended to add a little soil from under the juniper plantings to the seed furrows in order to introduce mycorrhiza. Cultivars can only be propagated by green cuttings taken "with the heel" from young plants. The creeping forms of junipers are propagated by layering. Especially valuable ones are propagated by grafting.
Juniper Uses: very decorative in the form of single plantings and small groups in a park landscape and among stones. They look especially elegant against the background of shallow snow. Treelike and tall junipers are used in parks to create small groups and, especially, as tapeworms.Low-growing and creeping ones are used to fix and cover slopes and slopes, rocky hills and rock gardens. Some types can be used for hedges and protective strips. Partners: goes well with heathers and erika, with ground cover forms of pine, roses, ornamental grains and wild perennials. An excellent option for use as a container culture for landscaping terraces, roofs, loggias and balconies.
What types of juniper are found?
At the moment, about 80 subtypes of juniper are known. And it is often difficult for summer residents to make the right choice in such a variety. Each of the varieties has its own biological characteristics, especially in cultivation.
The following types of juniper are distinguished:
- Medium or Pfitzeriana. It is considered a hybrid. The growth is 50 centimeters per year. The shrub is quite tall. A mature tree is usually about 15 meters long. The crown is conical, dense. True, over time it takes on a rounded shape. The branches are thin. The needles are painted in a gray-green tone. The leaves of young plants are scaly, and of older ones they are needle-shaped. The trunks are raised and ascending. The berries are spherical. Their color is purple-black. A thick bluish-white bloom is present. Presented by creeping forms. Among the most popular varieties of this culture are the following: Chinese juniper Old Gold, Gold Star, Pfitzeriana Compact and a number of others.
- Chinese. It grows very slowly: up to 20 centimeters per year. Ideal for making bonsai. In landscape design, it is also used quite widely, especially for decorating rocky walls. The most known varieties at the moment are Compressa and Obelisk.
- Horizontal. Represented by varieties of creeping form. The height does not exceed 50 centimeters. Often, such a juniper is planted as a ground cover plant, and is also used to strengthen the slopes. Popular varieties are Gold Carpet, Blue Ice, Douglas.
Pfitzeriana juniper is especially in demand among designers, which is actively used today for landscaping buildings and creating unique designs. Therefore, it makes sense to consider it in more detail. Check out the article on Andorra Variegata horizontal juniper.