Houseplants Published: 28 Aug 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:
A lush rose bush on the windowsill is the pride of every grower. In order for your indoor rose to bloom on time and develop harmoniously, do not forget to cut it in time. Pruning stimulates the growth of new branches, which will also have pink buds in the future. Of course, at first, a trimmed rose bush does not look so decorative, but this procedure is vital for your rose, because this is how the plant rejuvenates.
What do you need to properly prune roses?
Pruner, knife, water, soil mix. To begin with, you must determine which variety your indoor rose belongs to, because the method and frequency of pruning depends on this. So a tea rose is usually cut into 3 eyes. The main point of pruning roses is as follows: to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots, if the shoots of the rose are strongly elongated and stop bushing. Each grower shapes the silhouette of the bush to his taste.
When to prune indoor roses
It is best to prune the rose in March-April, when the flower has not yet fully woken up and the buds have not yet blossomed. For the information of amateur flower growers: timely pruning accelerates the onset of flowering of a room rose.
How to trim
For pruning, take only sharp tools, otherwise the cut will be torn, and this can damage the plant. Make the cut 5 millimeters above the kidney and at a 45-degree angle towards the eye.
Start cropping with thinning, so you can see what needs to be tweaked and where. First of all, old, damaged or diseased shoots are removed, then, if necessary, we remove the shoots growing inside the bush. Shoots that do not have an apical bud are also removed.
Basic rules for pruning
- if the rose has large flowers, at least 3 live buds should remain on each branch;
- if the rose does not bloom abundantly, or does not bloom at all, try to rejuvenate the plant, activate its life processes by pruning;
- if you want to grow slender single roses, you do not need to cut the top, remove only weak shoots;
- when the rose has faded, cut off the dried buds so that they do not take away the strength from the rose;
- if you want to propagate your rose, cut the cuttings from healthy twigs. The best time for such a procedure is July-September. It is better to take the seedling from the middle part of the branch, the flowers on which have already wilted. A stalk with three buds is ideal. Put the stalk in the water, and after the roots appear, transplant it into the ground.
The propagation of roses by cuttings is a separate topic.
- Indoor Plants Information
Pruning a room rose
Rose is a beautiful and graceful plant that is grown both in the garden and at home. It is not difficult to care for a rose, but you need to know how to properly prune. If you neglect this procedure, the stems will become weak, and the flowers will be small. Novice flower growers are afraid to start this culture most often because of this feature. But this process does not present many worries and does not take much time.
WHAT DO YOU NEED TO CUT YOUR HOME ROSE
Pruning a home rose serves several purposes. On young bushes it is necessary to carry out sanitary cleaning. It is better to do this in spring or autumn, when there is no active growth and development of the plant. The procedure will relieve the bush of dried or diseased shoots, as well as weak branches. Experienced growers often resort to formative pruning, which allows you to give the desired shape to the plant.
If the bush is already old, then anti-aging pruning will help. It is carried out at intervals of every few years. The plant becomes thick and tall over the years, which affects its decorative qualities. Such pruning will return vitality and energy to the indoor rosebush. In addition, the quality of flowering improves, the number of buds increases and the number of pests decreases.
TYPES OF CUTTING HOME ROSES
Before the procedure, you should determine what type of treatment the plant needs. There are several types of trimming:
- restraining - helps to maintain the required size of the bush
- stimulating - provokes abundant and long flowering
- formative - pruning to give the bush the desired shape
- apical - the plant begins to develop in width
- rejuvenating - remove old shoots in order to give the bush additional strength.
Depending on the age, variety and volume of the bush, the desired option for pruning a room rose is selected. Indoor crops are less likely to need pruning than garden, fruit plants. Read more about golden currants and their pruning at green-color.ru.
HOW TO CUT
There are different ways to process the shoots of the bush. One option, as simpler, is suitable for beginners, the other is more difficult for more experienced florists. But there are guidelines that apply to all methods. The further health and development of the flower depends on their implementation.
How to prune indoor roses? Oblique cut at a distance of 1 cm from the kidney. It is better to maintain the angle of inclination at about 45 degrees, and the direction should be opposite to the growth of the kidney. The tool should be disinfected and well sharpened. If this is not done, then burrs are formed, which are an excellent environment for the development of various microorganisms.
A reliable way that will allow beginners to avoid mistakes is to remove half the length of the shoots. A rose cut in this way will overwinter without problems. Experienced growers who see all the nuances of plant development use a more complex method. But at the same time, he is more productive. You can prune a room rose as follows - the shoots are shortened, leaving about 4 healthy buds. It is necessary to ensure that their number is at least 3 pieces.
The amount of trimming intensity depends on the following factors:
- required compactness of the bush
- dimensions to be achieved
- general condition of the plant
- thickness and length of shoots.
Small-flowered varieties prefer lower pruning than large-flowered varieties. Weak shoots are removed up to 3 buds, and 5-6 buds can be left on strong shoots. After pruning, each bush should have approximately 5 skeletal branches, the height of which varies within 15 cm.
TIME TO CUT ROOM ROSES
You need to know not only how to prune a rose, but also in what periods it can be done. If you do not follow the deadlines, you can harm the flower, for example, by disturbing it during the dormant period. With the right approach, a rose will overwinter well even if it is pruned. To do this, understand how and when this manipulation should be carried out. Depending on the timing, there are three types of procedure:
Spring pruning for roses in spring, it consists in removing branches affected by the winter period, as well as in shortening the shoots to stimulate flowering.
Summer - done as needed.
Autumn (apical) pruning - get rid of dried buds. This is just the answer to the question - after it has faded, whether it is necessary to cut a room rose. In some varieties, this procedure stimulates the secondary formation of buds if the rose is treated after flowering in the fall.
Winter - carried out in February or March, when the buds begin to swell, but have not yet opened.
According to general rules, pruning is recommended when it is cool in the room, there should be no heat. In such conditions, all processes in the tissues of the shoots slow down, and the injury will not cause global consequences. In order for the plants to overwinter, pruning indoor roses in the winter, that is, in December-January, is not carried out.
CARE AFTER THE MAIN CUTTING OF ROOM ROSES
After the pruning procedure, it is not recommended to leave the rose in the open sun or place it in a warm place. Until the first leaves appear, the flower pot should be kept at a temperature of about + 11 ° C, and the light falling on the plant should be diffused. Only after waiting for the first leaves to appear, the bush can be returned back to room conditions.
Water the plant after pruning with care. Excessive soil moisture will lead to rotting of the plant, and drying out of the substrate will not allow gaining strength for the formation of new shoots. Until the phase of active development begins, feeding is not worth it. Humidity should be moderate, since at high humidity, the rose bush is exposed to fungal infections and other common diseases.
In caring for a room rose, the following rules are followed:
It is best to place it on the windowsills on the east and south-east sides. The plant loves light, but in summer it needs to be shaded on the windows of the south side.
When the bush is in the active growth phase, it needs feeding twice a month. You can use a balanced fertilizer or formulations with a high nitrogen content. This will allow the rose to build up its green mass. In preparation for budding, the bush should receive mineral fertilizers once a week. The composition should contain phosphorus and potassium. Top dressing does not stop until the end of flowering. The buds will be formed in greater numbers and richer in shades.
Moderate watering is suitable for a rose during a dormant period, but in the growth and flowering phase, the amount of moisture needs to be increased. In winter, the optimal conditions for a flower will be an air temperature not higher than + 15 ° C and high air humidity. On open balconies, roses require additional shelter to prevent the earthen coma from freezing. In summer, the plant must have access to sunlight and fresh air.
A sign that a bush is infected with a pest is twisted leaves. It is recommended to start processing immediately. It is better to carry out the procedure on a plant without flowers. The rose is taken out into the open air and sprayed with an insecticide from a sprayer. It is important to treat all leaves on both sides. The rest of the product is poured over the top layer of soil in the pot, the surfaces on which the pot with the plant stood is wiped. When working with the drug, you should observe the following precautions:
- work in calm weather
- use a respiratory mask
- wear rubber gloves.
Timely preventive treatment will help avoid infection, so you should not neglect it. And good care will ensure lush bloom.
Pruning park roses
The popularity of park roses is constantly increasing due to their frost resistance. Planted singly or in groups, they look great both in summer and autumn. In general, it is not recommended to prune park roses, or use only a small bush formation. Without pruning, they grow beautifully and bloom for several years, but gradually the bush grows old, the flowers begin to shrink. Therefore, park roses, like other roses, need pruning, even a small one.
The purpose of pruning park roses: to stimulate the formation of new basal growths, to replace old, diseased, non-flowering or rarely flowering shoots.
The height of such plants is no more than 1.5 meters. Flowering begins earlier than everyone else, somewhere between June 15 and continues for a month. Autumn plants are no less attractive due to the brightness of the leaves and fruits. But in order for park roses to delight the eye in summer, care in the fall and preparation for winter is the most important event that must be carried out correctly.
French and musk rose pruning
In the first and second years after planting, it comes down to the correct formation of a strong skeleton, the removal of wilted flowers and the pinching of strong growths in the winter. Sometimes a poorly placed growth will have to be cut into a ring.
In the third and all subsequent years, pruning of park roses of the first subgroup is reduced to pruning one or two old stems in winter. This will give an impetus for the emergence of replacement basal shoots. This will maintain a strong and healthy plant skeleton. Very old bushes need to remove old and misplaced main stems. This will keep the shape of the bush. It is also necessary to carry out such pruning of roses during the period of complete rest of the plant - in winter.
Don't forget that park roses also need summer pruning. It includes pruning thin and weak growths, removing wilted flowers and dead and diseased branches.
Pruning moss and damask roses
The first year, park roses of the second subgroup are pruned in the same way as roses from the first subgroup.
In the second and subsequent years, park roses from this subgroup regularly form strong growths in the lower part of the bush, including basal ones. They are then characterized by the appearance of a large number of flowering lateral branches. In the process of flowering, under their own weight, such stems have a high probability of breaking.
To avoid injury in such park roses, in addition to the above, they also use the shortening of strong long stems of the current year by one third of their length in winter. Lateral growths of skeletal branches are cut by 2-3 buds or up to 15 cm from their base.
Such annual pruning, and complete cutting of 1-2 old stems, will make it possible to maintain the plant for many years in a state of abundant flowering and strong growth of park roses.
Pruning tea rose
In the first year, park roses of this subgroup are pruned as follows: they set the correct shape of a strong skeleton, remove wilted flowers and pinch strong growths in winter. Sometimes a poorly positioned growth will have to be cut into a ring.
In the second and subsequent years, park roses of this subgroup differ from the second in more or less repeated (remontant) flowering in summer, as well as in autumn, on branches of the current year and side branches of the first and second order of biennial and older stems. Pruning roses in winter should be light.
In the summer, the tea rose grows new flowering shoots all the time. Therefore, constantly remove wilted flowers. Pay more attention to pruning weakened branched growths.
Tips for pruning park roses
By pruning park roses, they form and regulate the number and length of growth. In the spring (immediately after bud break) all dry, diseased and old branches are removed. Depending on the power of the bush, 4 to 10 of the strongest skeletal branches are left.
Even in spring, all dried ends or weak buds (upper 2-3 pcs.) Are cut off from once-blooming roses. In re-flowering varieties, strong shoots are not cut off, and weak ones are shortened by 3-4 buds. Thinning pruning of roses is carried out every four years.
With strong freezing, young shoots are cut to the level of the soil and a bush is formed from the old branches. Young shoots are removed when numerous shoots grow from the buds that are underground, which will bloom profusely the next year. Such pruning of park roses is carried out in the summer, in the second half of July - early August.
Grafted roses often have rootstock shoots that can weaken and eventually completely replace the grafted variety. Therefore, they are immediately cut out to the base, and on the rhizome, and not at the soil level, so as not to stimulate the growth of new buds from sleeping underground.
If park roses have stopped blooming magnificently, they are rejuvenated. Annual basal shoots are left, and all the rest are cut off, leaving hemp 15-20 cm high. After such pruning, the roses must be fed with organic fertilizers and watered well.
Another option for rejuvenation is also possible - in two years. First, in the spring, dead, weak and diseased shoots are removed, as well as half of the main stems. Lateral growths are shortened, leaving no more than 15 cm from their base. Places of cuts are cleaned and covered with garden pitch. As a result of such pruning in summer, flowers will appear on the lateral branches of the remaining old stems, new basal shoots will grow.
In the spring of next year, the remaining old stems are cut into a ring and the lateral shoots on the young are shortened by 2-3 buds.After pruning park roses, large cuts are protected and covered with pitch, and the bushes are fed with organic matter - humus or compost is scattered around them, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers is carried out every three weeks. And in June the rose will appear in all its glory.
Spring pruning of roses
Before spring pruning, winter shelter is removed from the plants, debris, all old leaves are removed and mulch is raked off. Then the roses are cut when the weather is warm, the buds swell, but the shoots have not yet started to grow. At this time, sanitary pruning is carried out.
If the bush is too thickened, it is thinned out and 4-5 strong, healthy stems are left. At the same time, it is important that all cuts are made with a sharp pruner that minimally traumatizes the plant. In addition, all shoots are cut at an angle of 45 degrees, retreating from the bud up to about 5 mm.
In the spring, it is recommended to prune any kind of roses, since at this time it is important to remove all old and dry shoots so that the plant does not waste its energy on them, but strives to grow new ones.
In addition, during spring pruning, the bush is given the desired shape and the shoots are pruned to stimulate flowering.
In spring, shoots are cut to healthy tissue.
Pruning roses. Advice.
Each year, with the onset of spring, roses are pruned. Reasons why roses are pruned:
1. Correction of the shape of the bushes after the previous growing season. In the past summer, the branches of roses have grown in an undesirable direction. For this, those branches are trimmed that have violated the shape of the bushes.
2. Pruning of bushes is done in such a way that according to the plan of the gardener:
- shrubs will produce large, single flowers on long pedicels
- the bushes will produce many flowers on many shoots. In this case, the flowers will be smaller, but in large quantities.
3. Rejuvenate the bushes by cutting off old branches and forcing the bushes to produce new young shoots.
After the probability of frost has disappeared, and the buds have not yet blossomed, it is the best time to prune the roses.
Take a closer look at the roses first. All branches that have grown inside the bushes must be removed. This will thin out the rose bushes and allow better ventilation. Then it is necessary to remove branches to living wood that have been damaged or died off during the winter. On highly vigorous bushes, all frail shoots are pruned. If the bush is weak, then such shoots are left too, but the branch is shortened by at least one bud.
This stimulates growth and strengthens the plant itself. The pruning of roses should be such that the existing roots can feed all branches of the above-ground part of the bushes. This is an important condition for pruning. In this case, the roses will grow normally and bloom well.
How to properly prune roses FOR GROWING LARGE FLOWERS
In addition to sanitary pruning of large-flowered roses, they are pruned to grow larger cut flowers. In this case, on each branch that you left, you must cut off the shoot so as to leave 3-4 buds on it. This promotes the development of powerful shoots from the small number of buds left behind. Large flowers are formed on such long shoots.
Pruning roses for CULTIVATION OF FLOWERS IN THE CLUMB
If you want roses to bloom profusely in a flowerbed, then pruning must be done so that 3-6 buds are left on the shoots left after preliminary pruning for growth. As a result of such pruning, many flowers will appear, smaller and on smaller pedicels.
Pruning roses such as FLORIBUNDA OR TEA ROSE HYBRIDS for growing in a flower bed
If you want to create a lush bush of these species, then formative pruning is necessary. Depending on how you imagine this bush in the future, prune in this dependence. Do sanitary pruning first, and then start shaping the bush. It is difficult to say how many kidneys to keep. It can be 3 or 6. It all depends on the bush that you decide to form. If the flowering and growth of such bushes suddenly decreases, then later you will have to make a stronger pruning of roses.
Basically, miniature rose bushes are pruned in the same way as hybrid tea bushes. It is a sanitary and formative pruning. Leave 2-3 buds on the branches. Branch length no more than 4 ″ (10cm). If you have not cut the plant, then it enters the flowering time much later. In the summer, faded flowers, dry twigs, wilted leaves are removed. This is done so that pests or diseases do not appear on them, and also in order to improve the decorative effect of the bush.
Spring pruning of climbing roses is done only at the ends of the branches. If the plant is older than 4 years, then the old shoots are cut completely to the base of the soil after flowering, the young shoots are not touched and they are not cut off during the year, since it is at their ends that roses will bloom next year.
1. Early, timely pruning stimulates the flowering of rose bushes. Pruning too early before the end of the frost slows down the flowering of roses.
2. Late pruning of roses slows down the beginning of the growing season.
3. After pruning the rose bushes, feed them.
4. In order for the dormant buds to start growing on climbing roses, it is necessary to tie up a young branch in a horizontal or inclined position.
5. All sections over 1 cm must be covered with garden varnish or Novikov's liquid.
6. After pruning, the plants should be sprayed with a 1% solution of copper sulfate (100 g per 10 l of water) or a 1-3% solution of Bordeaux liquid.
Such groups of roses as Spinosissima, Rugosa, Gallica and their hybrids, Moschata hardly need pruning. Flowers are formed on the side branches of the shoots of biennial and older branches. Pruning of roses is carried out in case of damage to branches or natural withering away.
It is best to prune with a knife to avoid crushing the branch. The rose pruning knife should be sharp. Disinfect it before trimming.
Pruning is done at a height of 5-8 mm above the bud so that the future shoot does not dry out. Cut obliquely from the kidney.
Pruning roses depending on the type
The structural features of a bush of different types of roses also dictate the rules for pruning.
Hybrid tea, floribunda
Plants belong to the group of spray roses, forming bushes up to 100 cm in height. Perennial is characterized by unpretentiousness, rapid growth and formation of flowers on the shoots of the last year.
Autumn pruning of a rose bush consists of:
- in shortening shoots by half
- deleting old branches
- short pruning (up to 2 buds) of weak branches.
Park, miniature, polyanthus
This group of plants does not need to be shortened in the fall. Only the removal of damaged branches is carried out, the preserved unopened buds and dried flowers are pinched.
These roses, like park roses, do not need to be shortened in autumn. Plants need only sanitary pruning and removal of faded buds.
Long shoots of a climbing rose are removed from the support and laid on the ground, placing boards on the soil. The plant is covered with agrotextile, wood shavings.
Roses that are placed on the surface of the earth or on horizontal structures (arches, trellises). Pruning this group of plants has its own characteristics.
- On a young plant in the fall, remove all the stems on which branches with flowers were located. Only young shoots are left, shortening them to 15-17 cm. The main stems are pinned to the ground.
Illustrated by Brickell. To "Pruning plants"
Bushes of English roses do not require special shaping. It is enough to carry out a standard sanitary haircut, and remove shoots older than 3 years.
Capricious in growing and caring for a rose requires a careful attitude towards itself. In autumn, the plant needs to remove unnecessary and weak branches, as well as wild growth, if such begins to grow from the rootstock.
In the Russian climate, a standard rose has to be bent to the surface of the earth and covered with insulating materials in order to preserve it in winter.