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Mulberry - Morus Alba

Mulberry - Morus Alba


The Mulberry

The mulberry, common name for morus, belonging to the Moraceae family includes a small genus of deciduous trees, very fascinating for their development, which over the years become twisted and gnarled and therefore ideally lend themselves to their cultivation as an arboreal specimen. interior of a lawn. Mulberry is native to Asia, Africa and America. In China and Persia, in particular, it was very frequently cultivated and used in order to feed silkworms. Among the most common specimens of this genus we find the white mulberry, common name for morus alba, native to China, a type that we will describe.


Description

Even the white mulberry has those characteristics of knotty and contortion that make it particularly appreciated as an arboreal specimen for lawns, parks or gardens. It is a small tree that reaches a height of about ten meters, by about 6 meters in width. It has a short trunk and dense, expanded and irregular, bright green foliage. The foliage is another typical feature of the beauty of this tree, which, moreover, already from the first years of age provides excellent shelter from the sun as well as an effective windbreak barrier. Mulberry is a long-lived tree. It is not uncommon for its specimens to reach 150 years of age.

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Leaves, fruits

The tree has dense leaves of medium size. Some of these are whole, while others are made up of a variable number of lobes, from 3 to 7. Their color is a bright and brilliant green, excellent for reviving an open space with light. Of great aesthetic importance is also the color that the mulberry foliage assumes during the autumn season, when it tends to a very suggestive and appreciated bright yellow. Its fruits are of the typical white color that gives the plant its name. They are born in late summer, have a bitter-sweet taste, a shape similar to that of the bramble and a candid shade that will tend to pink after summer.


Multiplication

A very effective method for mulberry multiplication is by aerial offshoot, with which the shoot can root without coming into contact with the ground. To stimulate the shoot to root it is necessary to damage it about 30 centimeters from the apex. A lesion is therefore made by cutting the shoot to half its length in order to form a tongue of about 5 centimeters. It will then be necessary to wrap the damaged part of the branch with sphagnum, in a sort of polythene bandage, to preserve the environment from annoying rainwater intrusions: this is the space in which the sprout will root. The shoot is rooted when white roots will be seen through the transparent polythene bandage, after about a year. At this point the branch can be removed, just upstream of the area it has rooted. Subsequently the shoots with the roots are to be planted in pots and allowed to take root in a cold greenhouse before the final planting or in the nursery.


Exposure

It prefers a sunny position. The mulberry tree has good resistance to the saline present in the area and to atmospheric pollution, and is therefore suitable for cultivation also in urban centers.


Ground

It grows very well in deep, fertile soils with good moisture-retaining abilities. It often happens that in particularly windy areas the tree suffers from dehydration caused by the wind. In this case it is advisable to keep the soil moist and to moisten the foliage with sprays from time to time.


Pruning

It does not require regular pruning. To intervene only in the case in which it is necessary to remove dead branches or that cross with others, damaging the development. Pruning must always be done in the winter season.


Morus alba pendula

The pendula is another species of morus alba, so named for its pendulous bearing. It has an important ornamental value, both in the fruiting phase and when it is defoliated, thanks to a very beautiful branching, which forms interesting geometries. In addition to ornamental purposes, the pendula is also cultivated for its very resistant wood, used in particular for those tools, such as buckets and barrels, which come into contact with water. Its effective use is also as wood intended for lighting fires.


Morus nigra

Famous species of mulberry is the type morus nigra, or black mulberry, native to central-western Asia. This is a stripping tree, with a thick canopy and toothed, bright green foliage. In the summer season, the black mulberry gives life to fruits that are initially green, soon purple, with a sour taste and very similar to blackberries, about 2 centimeters long. It has a very resistant root system, but grows with less strength than the morus alba. Except for cold climates, where nigra thrives best. Its very appreciated fruits begin to spread from the beginning of June: to collect in quantity it is advisable to spread a large cloth under the foliage and shake the branches to let the sweet fruits fall. This species is widespread and appreciated for its ornamental value. Moreover, thanks to the thick foliage, bright green in spring and tending to yellow in autumn, the tree guarantees excellent shade and good shelter from the wind.




Mulberry or moro: natural umbrella for shade in the garden




The moro, morus or mulberry is one of the typical Tuscan plants, as each farm had at least a couple of them, thanks to the vigor with which they grew, and the goodness of their fruits. If you want an ideal tree that is beautiful and gives shade choose a mulberry, moreover the platanifolia variety is also suitable for being “tamed”, through wooden sticks or by means of adequate pruning, creating suggestive natural pergolas.

These trees are deciduous, interesting for the shades of greens and yellows of their heart-shaped foliage, and for the edible, rustic fruits, resistant to the sea and pollution.

The ALBA variety, also called white mulberry, has white or pink fruits, while the NIGRA, called black mulberry, produces bright red fruits. The ALBA PENDULA species, also called weeping mulberry, is obtained by grafting the alba variety. From the grafting point, the branches fall numerous, thin and adherent to the stem, and in a short time they reach the ground. Then we have the moro alba Laciniata and the Kagayamae which is sterile.

The PLATANIFOLIA variety is always obtained by grafting, but in this case the branches tilt upwards, forming a very large rounded crown. Unlike the other varieties, which have small leaves, the grandiflora has large, palmate, very ornamental leaves.

The mulberry tree is used isolated, it is suitable for forming pergolas and tree-lined avenues.

How to prune the mulberry tree? Here are the stages of pruning step by step


Cultivation

The Morus kagayame 'Sterile' it lives in practically all types of soils, even the poorest and most siliceous. It resists well to cold, heat, smog and requires little water, loves sunny positions, is not affected by major diseases. It is a low-cost plant.

It reacts very well to pruning and can be pruned every year, in winter, by cutting off all the branches of the year, leaving 2/4 buds. Long young branches with larger leaves will quickly re-form. It is a classic plant for avenues, in the garden it is ideal for those who want a dark shade from a plant that is not very bulky.


Buy Blood and Milk Mulberry Plant online, botanical name Morus alba. It is an ad tree rapid growth, which can reach a height of 10/15 meters, with large and very dense foliage. The fruit it is actually a false fruit called sorose, colored on pink. Engaged for 2 years in phytocell, with Maturation from June to July, Height of the mulberry plant about 120cm.

Buy now Blood and Milk Mulberry Plant (Morus alba) in phytocell. Mulberry plants for sale online

Online sale of Blood and Milk Mulberry Plant, botanical name Morus alba. It is a tree ad rapid growth, which can reach a height of 10/15 meters, with large and very dense foliage. The fruit it is actually a false fruit called sorose, colored on pink. Engaged for 2 years in phytocell, with Maturation from June to July, Height of the mulberry plant about 120cm.

Common name Mulberry
Botanical name Morus Alba
Variety Blood and milk
Height about 120 cm
Engaged for 2 years
Jar in phytocell
Maturation from June to July

The mulberry blood and milk belongs to Moraceae family and it's kind of originating in China. It's a tree fast-growing, which can reach the height of 10/15 meters, with large hair is very dense. The leaves are deciduous, alternate, simple, of bright green color not very dark, corded at the base and sharp at the apex, with a toothed margin. On the same plant they can often be found leaves also very different from each other in shape and size. THE flowers are unisexual (monoecious plant) and on the same tree there are, in different positions, both the male ones arranged in pedunculated cylindrical spikes, and the female ones forming ovoid glomeruli.

To plant a plant, that is fruit tree, olive Tree or citrus tree first of all you have to dig the hole that will have to receive the transplant. If the ground it is very difficult or compacted, it is advisable to dig a bigger hole to loosen the soil around the perimeter to make it easier for the roots to spread when they begin to grow. Normally on a transplanted tree you should avoid fertilizing until the tree has stabilized. Then you have to place the sapling in hole dug in the new location. Make sure thesapling is placed at the same depth as when it was removed. To put loose earth around to support him, water normally, for delete voids or air pockets, but not so much as to remove the soil from the roots. Fill the hole level with earth close. Water the tree again after the initial watering has impregnated the soil. This should help the soil to stabilize and help you fill the hole with adding more potting soil. If necessary stake the sapling in the presence of areas with very strong winds.

N.B. Ripening is indicative, it may vary according to the type of soil, the climate, the climatic conditions, so it can slip from 10 to 15 days.

The mulberry blood and milk u00a0 belongs to the Moraceae family and is one species originating in China. It is a fast-growing tree, which it can reach the height of 10 / 15 meters, with large hair e very dense. The leaves are deciduous, alternate, simple, of bright green color not very dark, corded at the base and sharp at the apex, with toothed margin. On the same plant they can often be found leaves also very different from each other in shape and size. THE flowers are unisexual (monoecious plant) and on the same tree there are, in different positions, both the male ones arranged in pedunculated cylindrical spikes, and the female ones forming ovoid glomeruli. n

In order to be able to u00a0plant a plant, which is u00a0fruit tree, u00a0olive tree u00a0o u00a0citrus tree u00a0 first of all you need to dig the hole that will u00e0 u00a0receive the transplant. If the u00a0soil is very difficult or compacted, it is advisable to dig alarger hole to loosen the soil around the perimeter to make it easier for the roots to spread when they begin to grow. Normally on a transplanted tree one should avoid fertilizing until the tree has stabilized. Then you have to u00a0place the sapling u00a0 in u00a0hole drilled is in the new location. Make sure thesapling is placed at the same depth as when it was removed. To put u00a0 earth moved u00a0 around to support it, u00a0watering is normally, howeverdelete voids u00a0o u00a0air pockets, but not so much as to remove the soil from the rootsFill the hole level with earth u00a0. U00a0Water the tree again after the initial watering has soaked the soil. This should behelping the ground stabilize and helping you fill the hole with u00a0adding more soil. If necessary u00a0stake the sapling in the presence of areas with very strong winds. n


Mulberry - Morus Alba - garden

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Family: Moraceae
Kind: Morus
Species: Morus alba / Morus nigra
Cultivar: "from graft"
Said: "White mulberry" or "Common mulberry" / "Black mulberry" or "Morone"

Genus of about 10 species of deciduous shrubs and trees, from erect to rounded, found mainly in the woodlands of Africa, Asia and America. The leaves, alternate, from ovate to rounded, toothed, often lobed and cordate at the base, are light to dark green. At the end of spring and early summer the tiny, cupped, light green male and female flowers are carried in separate catkins on the same plant.Each bunch of female flowers develops into a single spherical to oblong, edible, raspberry-like fruit.

The species Morus alba native to China, it is an expanded tree with ovate to cordate, sometimes lobed, glossy, vivid green leaves, up to 20cm long, turning yellow in autumn. At the end of summer it produces white fruits, from tasteless to sweet, aromatic, up to 2.5cm long, which become or remain whitish or pink or dark red when ripe.

The species Morus nigra probably native to southwestern Asia, it is a rounded tree with ovate to cordate leaves, often doubly toothed, medium green, up to 15cm long, rough on the underside. At the end of the summer it produces ovoid, green fruits, up to 2.5cm long, turning red and dark purple, with a pleasant slightly acidic flavor.

MULBERRY PENDULO is a cultivar obtained by grafting the species of Morus alba falling on the natural mulberry. This is proposed with trunks of different heights from which to drop the foliage, and has the considerable advantage of limiting the final height and the overall dimensions of the plant.

Dimensions: starting from the graft height, it tends to rise slightly, at most a couple of meters after twenty years.
Flowers: in late spring.
Fruits: medium, red, dark red, rather sweet and aromatic.
Maturation: between July and August.
Land: it prefers moderately fertile, humid, but well drained soils.
Position: Sun.
Exposure: better if sheltered from the winds.
Pruning: in late autumn or early winter, the disordered branches are removed. It bears rejuvenating pruning.
Peculiarities: favorite food of silkworms, it has spread around the world to encourage sericulture.
Min temperature: -15 / -20 ° C. young wood can be damaged by frost.
Illnesses: fungal, cancer, nectria and powdery mildew.
Pollination: self-fertile.


White mulberry

The white mulberry or white moor (Morus alba L.) is a fruit tree belonging to the Moraceae family and to the Morus genus, containing latex, native to northern China and Korea.

The white mulberry is a deciduous and broad-leaved tree, with rather rapid growth, it is long-lived and can become centuries-old, up to 15-20 meters high, with an irregularly branched trunk, dense foliage, wide and rounded towards the top. It has deep orange roots, robust, deep and expanded, not very suitable for dry and arid soils, even though it has a dense capillary that allows it to survive even in conditions of moderate drought. It grows in sunny places or at most in partial shade, and needs ample space as it reaches considerable dimensions. It can live up to 150 years.

The bark is greyish-yellow with more or less orange tones and sprinkled with numerous yellowish-whitish lenticels in the young plant, later it becomes dark brownish-brown, deeply furrowed and cracked in more or less vertical fibrous bundles forming small elongated scales. The wood is hard, compact, resistant and robust, excellent as a fuel and for small inlay works. The heartwood is dark brown, while the sapwood is light and yellowish-white in color. A peculiarity of the white mulberry is that it has the cribro-vascular cambium attached to the bark, and not to the sapwood, as in the vast majority of vascular plants, and this is of particular interest especially as regards grafting techniques. The whole plant is covered, under the covering tissues (bark, leaf dermis, etc.), by a dense network of apocytic laticiferous canals, that is formed starting from a few original polynuclear embryonic cells without dividing membranes, which have developed and increased and branched throughout the plant, although not anastomosed with the surrounding tissues, forming a real internal excretory system. Latex, a very common element in the Moraceae family of which the white mulberry is part, contained in the laticiferous canals is dense and milky white and is irritating. The intracellular juices and the leaves contain high quantities of aluminum, variable according to the type of soil in which a single specimen develops, and there is reason to believe that it does not represent a random constituent, but has an importance in the chemism of the plant. Wood also has various molecules such as phytoalexins and high molecular weight organic compounds, and is used as a reagent for the chemical detection of numerous cations.

The leaves are deciduous, alternate, distichous, carried by a grooved petiole and decorated with small caducous lateral stipules. They have a high polymorphism, generally have an asymmetrical ovate-acute shape at the base, but not infrequently they are heart-shaped and in intermediate forms between the two just mentioned. The length varies from 7 to 14 cm and the width is between 4 and 6 cm. The lamina is whole, three-lobed in the tripartite leaves of the basal suckers. The margins are toothed-serrated (triangular teeth), the acute apex and the base slightly corded. Both pages (upper and lower) are hairless (without fluff), light green in spring-summer and deep yellow in autumn. The upper one is shiny and smooth, the lower one scarcely tomentosa on the ribs. The slightly tomentose petiole is 2-3 centimeters long and has caducous grooves and stipules. The buds are small, wide at the base and pointed at the apex, each of them is made up of 13 to 24 pearls and 5 to 12 leaflets in the stem. The juveniles are gray-green, smooth in appearance and with long internodes, although not infrequently they have a fine tomentosity.

The whole fruit is actually an infructescence (sorosio) formed by a real fruit covered with a false fruit, the pulp, which derives from a part of the floral calyx that has become swollen and fleshy. The flowers are unisexual, rarely hermaphroditic. The male ones (staminifera) form cylindrical catkin inflorescences about 2-3.5 cm long, have a segmented quadripartite perianth and 4 pollen-producing stamens with inflected filaments in the immature bud and erect during anthesis. There is also a rudimentary sterile pistil. The female ones (pistilliferi) appear as globose catkins 1–2 cm long, with a perianth with four erect glabrous laciniae, opposite two by two (the external ones of greater dimensions), and pistil with uniovulated ovary. The stigma is hairless. The ovary is divided into 2 parts, one of which aborts (uniovulated pistil), each containing a single pendulous campilotropic ovule.The central style is divided almost to the base into two curved stigmatic lobes and the embryo that forms as a result of fertilization is curved and accompanied by fleshy albumen, with overhanging cotyledons and radicle overhangs.

Usually the two flowers of different sex are carried by separate plants, that is dioecious plants, even if the cases of specimens with both inflorescences on the same plant are not rare. Morus alba blooms in April-May. Both inflorescences are pedunculated (the female flower has a peduncle as long as itself) and at first sight, especially if immature, they resemble many small green raspberries of different length. They can also bloom in axillary dicline flower heads. Unique in the plant kingdom is the speed of pollen emission from the male inflorescences, whose stamens, through a rapid movement, release pollen, expelling it at about 560 km / h (over half the speed of sound), releasing the elastic energy accumulated during growth in just 25 µs (microseconds), making it the fastest and fastest movement known so far in the plant kingdom.

The fruits, improperly called mulberry blackberries, are composite infructescences formed by the union of a real fruit, the nuculae, and a false fruit, which constitutes the pulp. The correct name of this infructescence is sorosio (botanically a false fruit) and it resembles a small raspberry or blackberry, but it is bigger and elongated. Sorosi have an ovate-rounded shape and a length of 1 to 3 cm. They consist of many small fleshy spherules joined together, formed in turn by a nucula (real fruit) covered with a pulpy coating, derived directly from the modified perianth of the female flower that originated it (false fruit). These spherules merge with each other thanks to their respective perianths which, through complex physiological changes, become a single fleshy and succulent mass that surrounds all the various nuculae, forming the sorose. These small fleshy units are false pseudodrupes, have a rounded (spherical) shape flattened at the edges and have thin exocarp, fleshy and succulent mesocarp and crusty endocarp. Each contains a small real fruit, the nucula, with a hard, leathery and woody shell and a round shape. The modified perianth serves to enhance the dissemination of the seeds, being very appetite by the birds, which feeding on the soroses also take on the nuculae containing the seeds, which they will then disperse with the faeces.

The color of the sorosi of Morus alba is white-yellowish or pink-violet (there may be confusion with those of Morus nigra), and they are carried by a short petiole. They are edible, the pulp is sweet with acidic tips already before ripening, although they are less tasty than those of the black mulberry. They contain 22% of sugars, and have sweetening power, both fresh and reduced in flour. Once fermented, an alcoholic liqueur can be obtained. The seeds are small, spherical and are mainly spread by birds, which feed on the soros. In Italy and southern Europe the white mulberry has found an ideal habitat, suitable for its growth and development, and in many areas it concludes the reproductive cycle (sowing) without particular problems, reproducing and multiplying spontaneously by seed which, unlike many exotic or imported plants, does not show any problems of sterility or germination difficulties, demonstrating the wide adaptability and naturalization of this species.

A very characteristic species, the white mulberry has morphological peculiarities that clearly differentiate it within the plant kingdom, and make it unmistakable even from other Morus species. The only tree with which this moracea could be confused is the black mulberry (Morus nigra), a similar species native to the temperate areas of Asia Minor, which however has some differences and more or less evident peculiarities: the black mulberry is more low, less slender and with a more rounded crown than that of the white mulberry. Bark: that of the black mulberry is thicker and woody. Leaves: those of the black mulberry are darker and covered with a thick down (tomentum) on both pages, they are heart-shaped at the base and rough on the upper page. Flowers: the male ones of the black mulberry are more elongated and have pinkish stamens carried on long anthers, the female ones are smaller and rounder than the white mulberry and have hairy stigmas and laciniae of the perigonum. Fruits: the fruits of Morus nigra are more elongated, larger, juicy and much darker than those of Morus alba, even if sometimes the colors are similar (there are varieties with shades similar to Morus nigra). They are acidulous before ripening, but later very sweet, more so than those of the white mulberry.

Plant recently introduced in Europe, the white mulberry, together with the black mulberry, was used for the breeding of silkworms (sericulture), a practice impossible to implement in the absence of gelsiculture, since mulberry leaves are the main food of insects and they can also be used as forage for livestock, especially in those areas poor in grasses in summer pastures or which have only thin and sparse meadows. Its use as a fruit species is of little relevance, even if there are some old varieties with larger and more colorful fruit, while some varieties with particular foliage are sometimes used in gardens as ornamental.

Almost all of the still living specimens are grafted plants belonging to the fruitless variety, namely the sterile mulberry, which produces larger and more abundant leaves than the wild and does not have the drawback of dirtying the underlying soil and leaves with ripe fruit. At one time the fruitless variety covered 100% of Italian specimens while today it has been reduced as a result of various more or less natural phenomena and processes including the sporadic growing of old plants, with the consequent sowing which led to the birth of wild in various uncultivated and wooded areas, and the introduction of new garden varieties, no longer used for utilitarian but ornamental purposes.

The white mulberry grows on any type of soil, from clayey to sandy, presenting a high rusticity and adaptability, and has found the ideal growth habitat in the Italian areas, carrying out the sowing and consequent reproduction without problems. of the species. It needs moist soil, even if not constantly wet. Typical were the crops in the Po Valley along the canals and ditches for the drainage of water, where entire rows of mulberry trees bordered the edges of the fields, benefiting from the humid and watery environment that the canals themselves guaranteed. In central Italy it is particularly widespread in the hilly area, although it is scattered almost everywhere, from the plain up to 800 m above sea level, where some specimens have escaped cultivation and are found in the woods surrounding the fields. In the southern areas it is particularly abundant in the Nebrodi mountains in Sicily. As a type of breeding, the white mulberry lends itself to coppice (rarely, with an economic duration of about 15 years) and to high forest (the most widespread, with a duration of about 60-100 years). For coppice breeding a bush will form and cuts close to the ground will be practiced regularly every year (in late spring), as soon as the suckers born from the stump have reached adequate heights and abundant foliage, while for the high forest a scaffold will be required. high and open branches (useful to favor the development of a dense and rich crown) and the practice of two defoliation, one in spring and one in autumn, in order not to weaken the plant too much.

This mulberry was introduced in Europe thanks to Italian monks returning from their evangelization journeys in Asia, together with some silkworms, even if only in the twelfth century there was a massive spread, thanks to the contribution of Ruggero di Sicilia who imported in his realm specimens of white mulberry together with numerous silkworms and some prisoners able to work silk. Special legislation aimed at protecting mulberry trees, first by favoring their planting, then by prohibiting their felling. In the nineteenth century in many Italian regions it had become a fundamental crop and this importance persisted until the 1950s, when it was lacking due to the introduction of synthetic fibers and new fabrics that decreed the end of the importance that silk had until then.

The decline of silkworm breeding, not only in Italy, but throughout Europe, has led to the almost disappearance of any agricultural interest in this species, at least in these parts of the world.

Its modern use as an ornamental is interesting both for its posture and for the golden color of the foliage in autumn and for this purpose some pendulous varieties have been selected, such as Morus alba v. pendula with expanded crown and drooping branches. Its use as a fruit plant is of little interest, although there are several varieties selected for this purpose, which have improved and more valuable fruits.

In Asia white mulberry wood was used for the construction of composite arches, while in Emilia-Romagna still today the wood of this plant is essential for the production of the traditional balsamic vinegar of Modena, and is used for the construction of barrels for - queen which give a particular aroma to the product.

The white mulberry is a hardy and hardy plant, and it rarely gets sick, with the exception of old specimens where wood decay is quite common. The main pathologies that can affect this moracea are:

In fitoterapia l’estratto meristematico (dalle gemme) e fogliame di gelso bianco viene impiegato come ipoglicemizzante. La corteccia ha proprietà antibatteriche e un tempo veniva masticata contro la carie, la polvere di sorosio ha effetti ipolipidici, antiossidanti e neuroprotettivi, gli estratti di radice trattata al metanolo hanno funzione anti stress. Un estratto di foglie di Morus alba è stato studiato contro gli effetti del veleno della vipera indiana Daboia russelii ed è emerso che la sostanza ha completamente neutralizzato l’attività proteolitica e ialuronolitica in vitro del veleno, eliminando in modo efficiente anche gli effetti secondari come edema, emorragia e necrosi. Inoltre l’estratto ha parzialmente inibito l’attività pro-coagulante e completamente abolito la degradazione di una catena α del fibrinogeno umano, altrimenti duramente intaccati dal veleno del serpente. Due nuovi composti chimici di interesse farmaceutico sono stati scoperti grazie al gelso bianco, il primo è l’Albanol A, isolato dell’estratto di corteccia della radice e in corso di sperimentazione come trattamento contro la leucemia, il secondo è il kuwanon G., estratto sempre dalla corteccia della radice essiccata tramite trattamento con etanolo, che presenta attività antibatteriche paragonabili a quelle di clorexidina e vancomicina (1 µg ml–1). Altri composti isolati nel gelso bianco sono il Moracin M, il Steppogenin-4′-O-β-D-glucoside e il Mulberroside, tutti rinvenuti in tracce nella corteccia della radice. Hanno effetti ipoglicemici in particolare il Mulberroside A, un glucoside stilbenoide, può essere utile nel trattamento di iperuricemia e gotta.

Un estratto in soluzione metanolica acidificata del frutto di Morus alba può essere utilizzato come indicatore acidi-basico nelle titolazioni acido-base.

Posizione nel frutteto: all’inizio del frutteto subito sulla destra


Morus Alba Pendula Potatura

Il gelso bianco piangente è un albero deciduo che è resistente del Dipartimento di Agricoltura zone dell'impianto robustezza US 4 a 8 . Sviluppato dal gelso di serie , le cui foglie sono una fonte di cibo per i bachi da seta , piangendo gelso bianco è un esemplare nano che raggiunge un'altezza di 6-10 metri e una larghezza di 8-12 metri . Di solito innestato su portinnesti di un gelso specie , si sviluppa rami nodosi che arco e si struggono verso il suolo . I suoi fiori sono piccoli e poco appariscente , apertura in primavera , e producono piccoli frutti berrylike che attirano gli uccelli .
Pruning

piangente gelso bianco deve essere addestrato come un albero singolo leader , con un solo tronco centrale che si sviluppa dal rizoma . Quando si inizia con un giovane albero , identificare il punto d'innesto , che di solito viene indicata come un leggero rigonfiamento con una cicatrice evidente intorno circonferenza del tronco . Rimuovere tutti i germogli o rami laterali che si sviluppano sotto il sindacato innesto perché provengono dal rizoma e non avrà la caratteristica pianto della parte superiore dell'albero . Questi germogli o rami laterali devono essere rimosse non appena appaiono , indipendentemente dalla stagione .
Formazione

Anche se i rami di un gelso bianco di pianto si struggono naturalmente , si può contribuire ad addestrare l'albero per una forma equilibrata , individuando i principali rami laterali che arco grazia circonferenza dell'albero . Scegli rami che sono distribuiti uniformemente attorno al leader centrale , o del tronco , di un giovane albero , eliminando gli extra da loro tagliando a loro origini con forbici affilate . Sostenere un giovane albero legando il suo tronco di una forte partecipazione aiuta anche a crescere diritta , e la quota può essere rimosso dopo due o tre anni . Mentre la quota è a posto , evitare danni al tronco da ri- legando ogni anno come il tronco cresce in circonferenza .
Timing e manutenzione

un pianto bianco gelso albero sanguina copiosamente quando intercettato durante la stagione di crescita . Quindi il momento migliore per la potatura è durante il tardo autunno o in inverno , quando la sua linfa non scorre . Tale tempistica consente anche di vedere forma dell'albero chiaramente perché le foglie non sono più sull'albero. Dopo l'albero si sviluppa una forma ben equilibrata , l'unica potature di cui ha bisogno è la rimozione di rami malati e /o danneggiati , e tutti i rami che si incrociano altri rami e potrebbe causare danni corteccia quando si muovono nel vento . È anche possibile tagliare i rami che trascinare sul terreno per migliorare l'aspetto della struttura ad albero.

Il pianto gelso bianco ha tendenze invasive in alcune parti degli Stati Uniti a causa di auto-semina attraverso le sue bacche. Cancellazione di bacche da sotto l'albero ogni anno può aiutare a controllare questa tendenza .


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