Analysis of potato varieties at the end of the summer
← Read the previous part. Potato harvest by June
How to grow a good harvest of delicious potatoes. Ending
All these tubers of the Lyra variety
obtained from one potato bush
Summing up and calculating the harvest of 2013.
Now, when the results are already known, I want to evaluate the varieties of the grown potatoes. Some of them pleased with the harvest, but there were also those that I decided not to grow anymore or will renew the planting material. I want to note right away that our site is located in the Vsevolozhsk region, where sandy soils are predominantly. And, of course, in other areas of the region, these varieties could show themselves differently.
This season pleased me, as well as other gardeners, with a long warm summer, which began at the end of May. Warm and humid June also brought trouble for potatoes - an early outbreak of late blight. Even resistant varieties were taken over by her. Saved hot and dry July, stopping the spread of this scourge. However, the rainy weather of the first half of August played into the hands of phytophthora, which, waiting for the heat, was biding its time.
The only thing that I managed to do to stop the invasion of late blight was to remove the first yellowed leaves in the lower part of the potato plants. I collected them in plastic bags, which, after filling, tied them tightly and then took them out to garbage containers.
There was no time to spray the tops of diseases because of the constant watering of the beds, trees and shrubs in order to save them from drought. Planting potatoes abundantly watered only once, and only new varieties. And this then affected the harvest. The watered varieties produced a generous harvest of large tubers, while the other varieties slightly reduced the yield from 30 tubers in the nest to 20. For example, the Santa variety instead of 33-35 large tubers in the nest produced only 23.
This proves once again that the Dutch potato varieties require high agricultural technology. In addition, this variety must be fed with infusion once a season. manureif you want to get a decent harvest. Nevertheless, it must be said that, in general, the potato crop was rich.
The record holder in yield turned out to be a new variety for us, Lira, of Iranian origin, which I bought in a supermarket like ordinary potatoes for food. In the previous issue of the magazine, I described the beauty of its leaves and huge stems. I was looking forward to digging it up and seeing the tubers. I started digging potatoes with this particular variety.
The first nest dug amazed not only with the size of large, not overgrown tubers, but also with their number: there were 38 of them! Prior to that, the maximum belonged only to the Dutch varieties Santa and Desiree - 35 with a high level of agricultural technology. In addition, the Lira variety turned out to be very tasty, it turned out to have a yellow and firm flesh. This variety, as well as the Finnish variety Timo Hankkiyan, were planted in the first row near the gladioli garden, which I often watered, and along the way watered this row of potatoes.
So they got more moisture than all other varieties. In addition, I fed the new varieties of potatoes with an infusion of liquid manure. In general, they grew royally: they received everything they needed in the right amount. So they thanked me with a generous harvest. The Timo variety, like other early varieties, had to grow no more than 10 tubers in the nest, and there were 15-20 of them, and they were large and clean.
The newly acquired potato varieties, against the background of the Lira variety, looked modest in terms of the harvested crop: from 15 to 25 large tubers in the nest. But this is only against the background of the record-breaking variety. On the whole, these are, of course, very good results. Here are the varieties that pleased: Charoite, Lomonosovsky, Danae, Timo, Pearl, In Memory of Osipova, Breeze.
These are the tubers I gave this season
A very good harvest without watering the plants gave varieties that I have been growing for more than one season: Colette, Ladoga - there were 20-25 tubers in the nest. I think that in order to get a good harvest, you need to conduct annual observations of the yield of different varieties of potatoes and plant at least fifteen varieties on the site. Moreover, some of them should give a rich harvest during the dry season, while others - during the wet season.
According to my observations, there are many more varieties of potatoes for dry seasons. To get a significant harvest in the dry season, you need to shed the plantings at least once a season. The most favorable varieties for the dry season include the following varieties: Aurora, Zenith, Colette, Santa, Ladozhsky, Latona, Charodey, Timo, Ryabinushka, Elizaveta.
The varieties Charoit, Lomonosovsky, Danae, Zhemchuzhina, Pamyati Osipova, Breeze were first acquired and planted this year, but we can say with confidence that they are suitable for the dry season, but with mandatory watering. For the wet season, the best varieties are Radonezh, Liga, Lisetta, Madam. Unfortunately, there are few of them, and there are much more wet seasons in the Northwest than dry ones. I consider my favorite variety Lugovskoy to be an all-season one. This is the only one of the varieties I grow that is slightly affected by late blight and then only on the leaves. When we dig potatoes, the tops of this variety are seized by the disease only along the edge of the leaf. The tubers were never hit.
For several years she tested Belarusian potato varieties: Lileya, Skarb, Zhuravinka. This year she planted another variety grown in Belarus - Molly. Unfortunately, these varieties have not been tested in our climatic conditions. The harvest was poor, and the tubers were small. Only the Zhuravinka variety turned out to be the most productive. The nest had 25 tubers consistently, but of medium size. It turned out to be moderately resistant to late blight in the tops, but resistant to it in tubers and resistant to scab. The disadvantages of the variety can be attributed only to the fact that it requires watering in dry weather, and it needs to be planted only in a sunny place.
Based on the results of this season, I made a conclusion for myself that I will replace the early varieties of potatoes Adretta, Elizaveta, Ryabinushka, Nevsky with more productive varieties of Lira and Timo that are much superior in taste. I noticed: any purchased potato variety gives the highest yield on my site in the first two or three years. Then it begins to degenerate: the tubers become smaller, and there are fewer of them in the nest.
This is due to the fact that we cannot provide one hundred percent crop rotation, and plant potatoes over potatoes. The soil is depleted even when applying a large amount of organic fertilizers, as we do on our site. Diseases accumulate in the soil. Therefore, for planting, you constantly have to acquire new tubers of the variety you like.
Unfortunately, varietal potato tubers in seed shops and sold at horticultural exhibitions do not match the super elite, as indicated on the price tags. These are, in my opinion, tubers harvested from the common heap of the dug crop. Alas, sellers of high-quality seed potatoes often deceive us in the pursuit of quick profits, passing off wishful thinking.
Every year, half of the newly acquired potato varieties fail. Therefore, my experience has shown that you need to acquire at least ten tubers of each variety, and then select the most productive from them. Therefore, in recent years, I increasingly try to buy potato planting material in ordinary supermarkets. I choose elite expensive varieties of potatoes, the packages of which indicate not only the manufacturer (full address and country), but also its variety. And it turned out that sometimes these varieties do not let me down.
For example, this year, as I noted above, this is how I bought not only the super-yielding variety Lira, but also the yielding variety of Lithuanian origin Breeze. Several years ago I also bought Colette and Karatop varieties in a supermarket. By the way, the Colette variety first appeared at the exhibition for gardeners only this year.
Buying a package of such planting material, I immediately purchase a lot of clean tubers at an affordable price, of which I select some for planting with the largest number of eyes, and the rest go for tasting. But I want to remind you that you need to wash them very carefully and process them against possible pests and diseases, so as not to bring them to your site. This is a prerequisite for the development of a new variety.
Potatoes are a very time consuming culture. And only with a high level of agrotechnical measures can a rich harvest be grown. Then it is not necessary to allocate a lot of space in the garden for this culture. One has only to devote more time to it, then you are guaranteed a good harvest. After all, the experience of gardeners is known, who, with high agricultural technology, collect up to one ton of tubers from a hundred square meters. And why then take up extra land ?!
Olga Rubtsova, gardener,
PhD in Geography
Vsevolozhsky district of the Leningrad region
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Taisiya potatoes: variety description and characteristics, reviews and photos of planting seeds
Potatoes "Taisiya" is a promising Dutch selection that has received official recognition in Russia quite recently, but is popular all over the world. The main advantages of the Taisiya variety are a fairly large yield and high taste characteristics of root crops. The potatoes are suitable for cultivation both on personal household plots for personal consumption, and on farms on an industrial scale.
The most delicious and productive potato varieties:
The history of the origin of the potato variety "Taisiya"
The Taisiya variety was developed by Dutch breeders. The patent holder is the well-known company Solana (Germany), which specializes in promising new generation hybrids.
The year of registration in the State Register of Russia is 2015.
Regions for cultivation - Central, Central Black Earth, Volgo-Vyatka, North-West, Ural.
The table shows data on the mass of marketable tubers (grams) of different varieties:
|Nikulinsky||Late maturing||70 to 120|
|Felox||Early ripe||100 to 120|
|Bellarosa||Early ripe||120 to 210|
|Karatop||Superearly||58 to 100|
|Zhukovsky early||Superearly||100 to 120|
|Farmer||Superearly||90 to 110|
|Minerva||Superearly||120 to 245|
|Sorcerer||Mid late||75 to 120|
|Mozart||Mid late||100 to 150|
|Grenada||Mid late||800 to 100|
|Melody||Mid late||95 to 180|
|Tuscany||Mid-early||90 to 125|
|Purple Haze||Mid-early||90 to 160|
Description of the variety
- Tubers oval or rounded-oval
- With a solid, thin, smooth light yellow skin
- Small, almost invisible, uncolored eyes, superficially recessed
- White pulp
- Starch content varies from 12 to 16%
- Average weight is from 100 to 130 grams.
- Medium-sized plant, upright
- Moderately spreading branches, with medium formation of green mass
- Simple leaves, dark green, medium-sized
- Large white, rapidly falling flowers form a compact corolla
- With a powerful root system.
Advantages and disadvantages
Taisiya potatoes have the following advantages:
- Pleasant taste
- High in nutrients
- Early amicable ripening
- Excellent yield
- Good keeping quality
- Seed material is not subject to degeneration
- Drought tolerant
- Resistant to temperature extremes
- Immunity to major diseases.
There are no disadvantages of the Taisiya variety.
Features of the
Characteristic features of the "Taisiya" variety:
- Refers to mid-early table varieties. Ripens in 70-80 days
- Productivity reaches up to 430 centners per hectare
- It is recommended to germinate seed material
- Growing from seed can cause black stalk. Excessive moisture provokes root or apical rot
- To increase the yield, the seed material is carefully selected and pre-processed.
We suggest you familiarize yourself with potato varieties with different ripening periods:
Basic rules for planting varieties "Taisiya":
- Variety suitable for seed production
- Before planting tubers, they must be pickled, dried and treated with growth stimulants. Also, the tubers are germinated. Seed material with large strong shoots is selected for planting.
- Planting material is planted in the soil warmed up to +10 ºС
- Humus and wood ash are added to the planting holes.
- Tubers are planted at intervals of 20 cm from each other, the spacing of the rows should be at least 60 cm.
The Taisiya variety is highly sensitive to moisture levels. Prolonged rainfall causes rot, and a long dry period reduces yields.
Diseases and pests
Taisiya potatoes have excellent immunity against:
- Potato cancer
- Leaf spots
- Diverse viral diseases
- Golden cyst nematode.
Necessary preventive measures:
- Spray potato bushes with an aqueous solution with preparations containing copper
- As a defense against the attack of aphids, spider mites and the Colorado potato beetle, weed or mulch the soil in a timely manner. The use of insecticides in aerosols will help protect potato crops in severe lesions.
- Treating seed and spilling the soil with fungicides will help to avoid the possible appearance of a wireworm.
The first crop of young potatoes is harvested 45 days after planting. Potatoes will fully ripen at the end of the growing season.
The Taisiya variety is popular among consumers due to the excellent taste of the tubers. Most of the early varieties are not very tasty, but this does not apply to Taisiya potatoes. There is no dryness and wateriness in root crops. The tubers have a rich taste; a variety of dishes are prepared from potatoes. Average levels of starch classify the variety as universal. Tubers are not subject to boiling, during cooking they do not lose their neat shape. "Taisiya" is suitable for deep-fat frying, boiling, stuffing, mashed potatoes.
Various varieties of potatoes:
Potatoes "Taisiya" occupies a leading position in terms of yield among medium early varieties. Despite its short existence, the variety is quite promising, gaining more and more popularity every year.
How potatoes are grown.
This crop in crop rotations is usually placed after winter crops, flax, vegetable crops (except nightshade), and the potato itself is a valuable precursor for all cereals, legumes, flax and vegetables, except for nightshade. Potatoes grow well on loose, deeply cultivated and uncontaminated soils; this is one of the most demanding crops for soil fertility.
It is very responsive to organic and mineral fertilizers.
Of the mineral fertilizers, nitrogen fertilizers are especially effective; potatoes also need a lot of potassium and phosphorus. Much attention is paid to the pre-planting preparation of tubers. To accelerate the germination of tubers and get an earlier harvest, before planting, they are germinated in a bright room on racks (within 25-30 days) or in open areas in the field and near a storehouse (within 15-20 days).
This crop is planted when the soil temperature at a depth of 8-10 cm reaches 6-8 °. On 1 hectare planted 25-35 centners, 40-55 thousand tubers (depending on moisture supply and soil fertility). Planting depth (6-12 cm) depends on the type of soil and climatic conditions. The tubers are planted with potato planters with a row spacing of 60 or 70 cm, the distance between plants in a row is 25, 30 or 35 cm. When caring for crops, harrowing is carried out, usually twice - one and two weeks after planting, even before shoots appear.
After the emergence of shoots, the aisles are loosened several times. In the Non-Black Earth Zone and the northern regions of the Black Earth Zone, plants are spud, it is better to do this after rain. Potatoes of early varieties are harvested with potato harvesters when the tops are completely dead, mid-season and late varieties - with still green tops, which are mowed with a tops-remover 2-5 days before harvesting. Potatoes are a labor intensive crop. For more information about caring for this crop, see the article Caring for potato plantings.
Read about unconventional growing methods in the article Growing a large crop of potatoes under straw
The industry produces a set of machines for various zones of the country, allowing the cultivation and harvesting of potatoes without the use of manual labor.
I grow hybrids from cucumbers F1 Herman, F1 Claudia, F1 Masha.
They are well suited for our area: the dacha is located on the former forest lands. I plant both in the greenhouse and in the ground. The fruits are beautiful, tasty, do not outgrow, even if you come to the dacha for the weekend.
Nina Ryabchikova, Pushkin district, Moscow region
Reference by topic: Standard tomato varieties (photo) - new and better
The best varieties of cucumbers for salads
I have been planting a hybrid for many years F1 Pro, the harvest is always plentiful. Cucumbers are sweet, with a thin skin, small pimples, few seeds. I love bunch cucumbers, I plant hybrids F1 Moscow delicacy, F1 Connie - never let you down, and very tasty.
Victoria Stavskaya, Bryansk
Still, you need to grow potatoes under straw.
Red root and quinoa are constantly used, but they are not particularly aggressive. I would even say that these weeds are lazy.
But with the bindweed, which attacked our garden five years ago, it is more difficult: I will treat it with herbicide - it will disappear, and next year it pounces on the plantings with new, even greater force, as if accumulating resentment in advance. But I don’t give up, I’ll still teach him a lesson.
Another interesting point.
Every year, after the pre-sowing cultivation of the land, I collect several buckets of all kinds of garbage in the garden: stones, glass fragments, some twisted lignified roots. Where does all this come from? Here's a riddle ...
Now I will write about straw. We liked this reception: after it, the rotten earth was like fluff (and the next year too). And last season, the aisles of white early-ripening potatoes were covered with straw, since her bushes are small and therefore it is more difficult for her to cover the ground between them with tops.
And although the neighboring chickens were constantly swarming in the straw and scattering it, it still helped us a lot: we never saw any mice or rats in the plantings.
When I was selling seed potatoes at the market in the spring, one woman asked me for at least a bucket of my white early ripening for planting.
I promised her, and she came to my house with her son in a car.
When I saw the sprouted potatoes prepared for planting, I began to persuade them to sell her another bucket. I was stubborn for a long time (after all, they themselves had a landing on the nose), but then, so that people would not hide their grudge against me, I sold the second bucket.
And in the fall, that woman came to the market, thanked me warmly and bowed to the ground, said: “I did everything as you said - cut it, covered it with ashes, and we dug out 92 buckets of good potatoes from your two buckets!” These words lifted my spirits to the skies.