Paths and paving
The network of garden paths is planned in advance so that it is as convenient as possible. But it is equally important to make the coating resistant, because it is constantly exposed to various mechanical loads and atmospheric influences. Paving slabs are a modern building material for paving paths and terraces. It makes it possible to create surfaces of any shape and size. By the way, the installation process is relatively simple. And in the future, you can easily remove some of the elements and install additional ones. Leaving is also easy.
Paving paths: trenching and pouring a concrete base
It must be said right away that the preparation of the foundation for the future track is always carried out in the same way, and does not depend in any way on how the tiles will be laid out later.
Try to take into account all the specific features of the soil, its moisture and other factors.
Visually level the pad or walkway and dig into the ground all over the area to provide a place for pouring concrete. It is necessary to dig 15-25 centimeters into chernozem soils, if the soil is hard, you can dig less deeply.
It is necessary to begin direct preparation for paving with compaction of the subgrade to a solid, stable state. Depending on the composition of the soil, it is sometimes possible to do without a concrete pad (in the case of sandy soil) if the path is only pedestrian, but in this case it is better to tamp the earth or roll it very well.
Two different technologies can be applied to the paths and the area in front of the garage, which are most suitable for each application.
1. For the paths, the next step will be the installation of storm water pipes (storm sewer pipes) and borders, which we will install on the sides.
2. In the resulting hole, fill in a ten-centimeter layer of medium-sized crushed stone. It is a base for tiles and at the same time excellent drainage.
3. Pour another five centimeters of sand on top, mixed with cement in a ratio of five to one. This is the layer underlying the paving stones. A mixture of sand and cement, with which the last layer in front of the tile is poured, is often called punching. The concrete slab, if you decide to make one, must be covered with a layer of up to three centimeters.
4. We carry out one more ramming, designed to identify weak points that need to be added immediately.
5. Then you can start laying tiles or paving stones.
With the site, everything is a little different.
1. So, having carefully aligned the resulting depression, I fill its bottom with a small layer of sand.
2. Then we fill in a twenty-centimeter slab of concrete, and even reinforced, because a car will constantly drive here.
3. It is important to remember that it will turn out much more accurately if storm drains and curbs are poured here not in advance, but to fit them as soon as concrete begins to harden. And the basis is there, and everything turns out clean.
Any track or area should be planned so that the slope towards the stormwater is at least three percent, and the more relief the planned coverage, the greater the better to make the slope. Otherwise, there is no guarantee that there will not be a large puddle at the site of the site.
Paving in a circle
Paving with paving stones or paving slabs will not be difficult for anyone, but "straight" laying looks boring. Much more fun when the track is laid out with figures, circles, for example.
However, paving paths in a circle has its own nuances.
- To beautifully lay out circles and other "smooth" shapes, you need an area, and much more, near the path.
- You can lay out only parts of the circles, alternately adjacent to the opposite sides of the path, and between them lay out the paving stones in a straight way. It turns out nice and original.
- Do not be afraid to trim the tiles - there are trims, but there are no more of them than with normal installation.
As for the technology, everything is simple here:
1. We make the required size compasses from available tools.
2. Draw them a circle directly on the sand prepared for laying (do not be alarmed if you guess the size only the third time).
3. Next, we begin to lay out the paving stones longitudinally along the drawn circle, moving row by row inward, reducing the circle.
In the same way, you can perform any other shapes - measure out, draw and lay out inside. Only with circles you can come up with a bunch of patterns, ornaments and color combinations. You can make the ornament with multi-colored rings or even waves placed one inside the other - it will come out fun and effectively.
4. After all the stones are in their places, they need to be covered with thick sand so that all the seams are clogged. Then all this is sprinkled abundantly with water, the cement in the substrate “grasps” and the path / platform is ready.
Paving paths and areas in a circle is a creative process that requires accuracy and developed spatial thinking, however, using this technology, you can create very interesting effects, "enlivening" the landscape of your site.
Landscaping: garden paths
Garden paths are often planned solely for organizational purposes and do not carry any aesthetic value. But landscape design exists to combine creativity, functionality and nature.
In this photo selection, we will show you that garden paths can serve not only for movement, but also be an independent design element on your site.
If you decide to design your own trail system, our first tip is to forget about all the rules and let your imagination lead the way. Any material is perfect for creating garden paths - from rough cobblestones and bricks to wooden planks. Paving garden paths can be combined with mosaic tiles or a mixture of grass, flowers and plants growing in your garden.
Take inspiration from photos and create your own garden paths and turn your lots into masterpieces of landscape art.
Paths and paving
Well-groomed garden plants do not have to be hidden behind tall ornamental shrubs. The harmonious arrangement of both will create a picturesque and multifunctional resting place.
The garden can be planned either in a regular style, that is, with straight lines and geometric shapes, or in an arbitrary order with smooth outlines.
The main layout plan of the garden-vegetable garden (signature to the layout plan).
However, clear shapes will make it easier to place all the necessary elements, while setting the tone for the entire garden.
So that the site does not look monotonous, intersecting paths stretch across the entire territory. The paving forms a rhombus in the middle and triangles at the edges of the garden.
In order not to have to reach with a hoe to the farthest beds, intermittent paths of small slabs are placed between the plants.
Along the contour of the site itself, a support is erected for climbing plants, which will serve as an excellent fence. Moreover, for this they use not only decorative ivy and grapes, but also fruitful legumes, some varieties of strawberries and even cucumbers.
The rhombus is the focal point of the garden, so a tall shrub, preferably evergreen, is planted in its center. From it, ground cover plants diverge in circles, for example, scaly juniper, apical pachisandra, sugar lungwort and many others.
When planting plants, it is necessary to draw circles, and in the process of courting, you need to periodically cut off the stems with leaves that go beyond the borders.
Raised flower beds should be placed in the corners of each triangle. Moreover, they are made both from ordinary wooden boards and from cement screeds and stone blocks. The garden looks very harmonious if the flower beds resonate with a stone-paved path.
In addition to annual crops, perennials are planted in the garden, which determine the appearance of the garden. Moreover, garden plants alternate with decorative ones.
Moreover, many of the ornamental herbs are very useful, examples of which are sage, rosemary, thyme.
The dwarf boxwood provides an excellent hedge. It is planted along the central diamond-shaped flower bed.
In the far right corner is a bench surrounded by lush flowering shrubs, such as gorse, cable car, red-root.
Fruit trees are planted closer to the house, that is, where it is warmer. The same condition is necessary for the cultivation of eggplants, tomatoes and grapes.
On areas with a regular design, that is, when the elements form any geometric shapes, you can place the backlight from below. Lanterns along the path will further emphasize the correct and austere outlines of the garden.
Clear lines allow not only to neatly place plants, but also to create a unique look for your site, regardless of its size and shape.
So, the paths, which largely determine the style of the garden, should be done in the form of a zigzag. At the same time, small tiles in the middle of the beds are also laid in a zigzag pattern.
A focal point is built in the center of the site. It is a rhombus of evergreen and ground cover plants, but at the same time its shape repeats the zigzag contour of the path. Due to this, the rhombus is slightly curved.
Unlike the previous option, on a long narrow section it is worth making a zigzag path with pergolas along the entire length. Supports entwined with flowers and leaves will create the effect of a labyrinth and at the same time visually expand the area, hiding its elongated shape.
A diamond with evergreens and ground cover plants is on the right side of the path and the recreation area directly opposite. This arrangement opens up a view of the green relief island in front of the vacationers.
In a garden that has a triangular shape, it is very difficult to compactly place all the zones. In this case, a zigzag path across the entire section will divide it in an unfortunate way, leaving no room for a recreation area.
Therefore, a paved path with pergolas is distributed almost along the entire perimeter of the site, thereby creating a cozy place protected from the wind. In the center of the garden runs only a small winding line of a bursting path of slabs.
The utility zone is very conveniently located at the end of the plot: you just need to approach it, and it does not attract attention due to the pergolas that slightly hide it.
To hide the shallow depth of a wide garden, it is necessary to pave paths in it so that they form rhombuses. A large decorative flowering bush or evergreen shrub and ground cover plants are planted in the center.
A recreation area is placed across the path opposite, and in the diamond adjacent to it - a raised flower bed with herbs, whose aroma soothes and gives strength.
The utility area is compactly located in the far corner of the garden.
Plantings with different crops are located closer to the edges of the site, and the intermittent paths between them allow you to comfortably care for the plants.
To make the garden more cozy, it is worth building as many arches and pergolas as possible. Nevertheless, it must be remembered that structures located too close to each other create the effect of a corridor, visually overloading the space.
Plants. Garden Garden
Abutilon vitifolium "Tennant's White" (Kanatnik)
Artemisia dracunculus (Wormwood)
Buxus sempervirens "Suffruticosa" (Boxwood)
Ceanothus "Perle Rose"
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus repens (Tseanotus, krasnokornnik)
Clematis alpina ssp. sibrica "White Moth" (Clematis)
Clematis macropetala (Clematis)
Hedera helix "Buttercup"
Hedera helix "Tricolor" (Ivy)
Ilex altaclerensis "Golden King" (Holly)
Jasminum officinale affine (Jasmine)
Jasminum stephanense (Jasmine)
Juniperus squamata "Blue star" (Juniper)
Laurus nobilis "Aurea" (Laurel)
Pachysandra terminalis (Pachisandra)
Pulmonaria saccharata (lungwort)
Rosa "Zephirine Drouhin" (Rose)
Rosmarinus officinalis "Miss Jessopp's Upright" (Rosemary)