In the garden and vegetable garden: 9 important things to remember about in August
Harvesting and pest control is only part of the work on the site in August. There is a lot to do before the end of summer.
From the second half of August, the minting of healthy vines is traditionally carried out. This is done so that the grapes do not waste energy on the growth of new lashes, but send them to the ripening of the berries.
In the process of pruning, all young shoots with 6-8 upper leaves are removed.
The length of the cut whip ranges from 20 to 40 cm and depends on the size of the bush itself. Minting is carried out in warm, humid weather, but it is better to wait out the drought without pruning.
Treatment and protection of trees
By the end of summer, pests become active, eat up the crop and lay eggs before the coming cold weather. To protect trees, attach trapping belts to the trunks, inspect them often and periodically replace them with new ones.
Collect the carrion immediately and take it to the compost heap so that the caterpillars from them do not climb back up the tree. Spray the branches with Bitoxibacillin or Lepidocide from the moth. Repeat the treatment after two weeks.
Look into the bases of the main skeletal branches, because this is where the gypsy moth moths lay their eggs. Timely inspection of trees and the destruction of the pest even at the inception stage will help to get rid of the problem in advance. The Californian scale insect often settles on apple trees, which appears as red dots on the fruits. If there are signs of infection, spray the crown with "Fufanon-nova" at the rate of 13 ml of the preparation per 10 liters of water.
Preparing pits for planting trees
For the autumn planting of young tree seedlings, you need to prepare pits in about a month - just in August.
For one seedling, a pit measuring 70 x 70 cm is suitable, so that the root system will surely fit.
2 parts of fertile soil, 1 part of peat and completely rotted manure, 300 g of ash and 200 g of superphosphate are introduced into the dug holes. The contents are mixed with a pitchfork and left to compact. To support the young seedling, you can stick a wooden stake into the hole in advance.
The signal to start harvesting onions is the complete drying of the arrows, their inclination to the ground and the formation of covering scales on the bulbs. Two weeks before harvesting, watering is stopped, and the bulbs are slightly exposed (they shake off the ground). This helps them to ripen due to additional warming up by the sun. The collection begins in dry sunny weather in the late afternoon. After harvesting, the onions are laid out on paper, dried in the sun, shaken off the rest of the soil and stored in the cellar.
Grassing and processing tomatoes
Tomatoes need pinching in August. It consists in the removal of lateral shoots along with inflorescences, which still do not have time to form into fruits and ripen. The August removal of unnecessary shoots is the last of the current season.
At the end of summer, late blight is activated, manifested by brown spots on fruits and leaves.
An infusion of garlic and potassium permanganate is effective against it. To prepare it, mix 100 g of garlic, 1 liter of water and 1 g of potassium permanganate. Leave the infusion for a day, and then dilute the concentrate with 10 liters of water. There is also a simpler recipe - you need to dissolve 3 g of potassium permanganate in 1 liter of water.Spray the bushes with one of the infusions in the evening or early in the morning in calm dry weather. Repeat the treatment every 10-14 days until the signs of late blight disappear. Ready-made products are also suitable for treatment: Topaz, Fundazol, copper sulfate, Fitosporin, Trichoderma Veride.
Harvesting and harvesting
In August, pears, late varieties of cherries, some types of apple trees, gooseberries, and currants ripen. It is important to monitor the ripeness of the fruit and harvest them in a timely manner. Unripe fruits are well stored. Their peel and flesh are dense, without damage. If some of the fruits crumbled, they are immediately harvested so as not to attract pests.
Cucumber and tomato bushes should be inspected every 2 days to harvest before they are overripe.
Tomatoes and cucumbers should be gradually rolled into jars, and a small part should be left for eating. It is better to carry rotten fruits to the compost heap right away. August is the time for harvesting potatoes. You need to dig up the tubers, put them in the sun, dry them, and then bring them into a cellar prepared in advance for storage.
Harvesting garlic for storage
You need to remove the garlic 5-7 days after the leaves turn completely yellow. By this time, the bedspread on the bulbs will crack, and this will be another sign of the ripeness of the garlic. If the heads overripe and the scales burst on them, then they will not be stored. It is better to dig out the garlic with a pitchfork so as not to damage it. To make the heads larger and look healthy, the leaves are tied in a knot in advance. After collecting, the garlic is shaken off the dirt, dried in the sun and the stems are cut, leaving about 10 cm. Then, the stalks of garlic are tied in 10-15 pieces and hung in the cellar for storage.
If earlier there was no time to prune trees, then in August it is not too late. Remove tops on skeletal branches and vertical shoots from pome and stone species, dig out the shoots.Tilt part of the branches growing up horizontally and tie them to the trunk or thick branches so that the tree forms in breadth, not upward.
Reproduction of currants
If at the beginning of spring you put cuttings or cuttings of red and white currants for rooting, then in August it is high time to plant them in a permanent place in the garden. Add rotted compost and humus to the pits before planting.
Saplings should be buried slightly at an angle to make it easier for the roots to absorb water from the soil surface.
Cut off the tops of the stems. After planting, it is important to regularly water the currant cuttings for a month so that they adapt to the new conditions. The last summer month is just as busy as spring. All of these things must be done, otherwise the harvest will turn out to be poor, it will be poorly stored, next year, immediately after the thaw, the trees will start to hurt, and overwintered pests will wake up on them.
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Summer gardening calendar
Before the start of the warmest season of summer cottages, you need to carefully plan all your actions during this entire period. A very successful solution to the issue would be to draw up a calendar of summer works in the garden and vegetable garden for June, July and August. You can draw up such a calendar yourself, which is more suitable for experienced summer residents. To make it easier for beginners, you need to keep a diary of work on the site throughout the summer season, then planning for the next season will be easier and more understandable, relying on personal experience and the characteristics of your garden and vegetable garden, and the climate too.
When drawing up a calendar of work in the garden and vegetable garden for the summer (June-July-August) for the cultivation of vegetables, fruits and berries, it is necessary, first of all, to take into account the natural cycles, focusing on the peculiarities of the development of the plant world of the growing area. For the best effect, when drawing up a calendar, it is worth combining both personal experience and new knowledge.
Basic work in the country in August
Fortunately, these days the schedule of the main work in the country in August can be easily adjusted, focusing not only on natural changes, but also on the forecasts of meteorologists. So, the most important summer cottage works in August include the following activities:
- Timely collection of berries, vegetables, roots and fruits.
- Budding fruit trees.
- Completion of sowing and planting work in the garden.
- Fruit and berry and vegetable crops care.
- Processing and preparation of fruit storage.
- Protection of the garden, vegetable garden and flower garden from the invasion of pests.
- Disease prevention (spraying, plant treatment).
- Destruction of overgrowth and weeds.
- Sanitary cleaning of the garden, vegetable garden and flower garden.
- Flower cultivation, flower propagation and seed collection.
At the end of summer, unhurried preparations begin to end the summer season. Some summer residents at this time dismantle and fold the pools (you still won't be able to swim), others are trying to complete the construction of summer baths, sheds and other outbuildings, since the coming strip of autumn rains can greatly complicate the planned construction work in the country, but now it is still possible keep up with their implementation.
AUGUST AT THE CLUMB
The beginning of the month is the time for the last feeding with phosphorus and potash mineral fertilizers: 8-10 g per 1 m2. You need to give food to dahlias, gladioli, rudbeckia, paniculata phlox, bells and similar perennials.
At the same time, you can start planting forest trees, Pushkinia, Muscari, planting Brodie, Chionodox. Only corms of spring flowering flowers and crocuses will tolerate with plantings until mid-August.
In mid-August, it is time to transplant cornflower, periwinkle, horned goat weed, geranium, hellebore, elecampane, kupena, primrose, dicentra, yaskolka and rogersia.
The tear-off calendar will lose weight by another ten days - and now it's time to prepare a new site for tulips, hyacinths and daffodils. Do not forget that the soil under them should be dug up on a full bayonet of a shovel, having previously scattered wood ash over the surface (200-300 g / m 2). Simultaneously with tulips, you can also plant lily bulbs, doronicum, corolla, hoof, swimsuit and euphorbia, as well as daisy, sedum and fern.
In August, do not forget about loosening and removing weeds from the bush zones of flower shrubs and treating them against pests. Apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers under them, especially forsythia, weigela, roses, lilacs and hydrangeas should be fed - this will allow them to survive the winter without problems.
If you plan to sow your lawn, then the optimal time for sowing cereal grasses is from 10 to 25 August.
Gardening and gardening in August: harvesting and preparing for autumn
- In early August, you can start harvesting the garlic. It is not worth delaying harvesting, as the shell will begin to disperse, and the bulb crumbles into separate cloves. And they are poorly stored and lose their appearance. Do not cut off the tops and roots of the plants that you dig up, but put them in boxes in one layer.
- The zucchini must be removed until the rind is tough. Such fruits are then excellent for pickling and processing.
- Pumpkins must be harvested before frost, otherwise they will be poorly stored.
- If you have rooted cuttings before, be sure to loosen the soil and remove the weeds. Weed and loosen the actinidia and lemongrass, and in dry weather, cut off excess shoots.
- In order for the strawberry season to last longer, install tunnel-type film shelters over the remontant strawberry bushes. Loosen the soil more often, feed the plants, and water abundantly.
- During this period, the collection of apples and pears begins. Trees need to be shaken so that more apples damaged by pests (moth and sawfly) fall off. Fallen apples must be picked to prevent the spread of volunteers.
- But pear fruits are best removed unripe. They will be ready to eat in about a week.
- After harvesting, where, in two weeks, the early varieties of apple and pear trees begin to actively grow the root system and at this moment it is necessary to feed the trees with organic fertilizers (4-5 kilograms of humus per square meter of the trunk circle).
- Also in August, the collection of raspberries, sea buckthorn, currants and gooseberries continues. It is very important to stop watering during the ripening of the berries. Then the berries will be dry and sweet.
- In raspberries, pinch the ends of the side shoots when they reach a length of 40 cm. Cut out the fruit-bearing raspberry shoots without leaving any stumps and burn them.
- Don't forget to remove root growth from cherries, plums, roses, lilacs and sea buckthorns.
- After harvesting, be sure to water the bushes and feed them with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
- Be sure to loosen the topsoil of the grapes. Remove the leaves covering the grape clusters so the berries are sunshine and large and sweet.
- Harvest the tomatoes on colder nights (after August 10th).
- If the plants had late blight, the fruits should be kept for 5-7 minutes in a pink solution of potassium permanganate at a temperature of 45C.
- Sow lettuce, radish, dill into the vacated greenhouse.
- At the end of the month, remove all vegetables except cabbage and carrots.
- At the end of the month, pinch the ends of young shoots from young fruit trees.
- On August 25-26, plant a part of winter garlic to a depth of 10-15 cm. To avoid garlic rot, add a tablespoon of sand to the hole, stick a clove of garlic into it and sprinkle it with earth.
Planned work in the garden and vegetable garden in August
In the summer, gardeners and summer residents are most busy with various agricultural work. So in June there are a lot of plantings and fertilizing, in July it takes time for weeding, loosening, thinning, August is usually busy preparing for harvesting and forming beds for the new summer season.
At the beginning of the month, there are summer cottages to continue caring for potato beds, they are spud, get rid of weeds and watered under dry conditions. These activities will help the potatoes grow up to the digging, which is the harvest.
Zucchini continue to bear fruit, so they are abundantly watered and fed with natural fertilizers, yellowed leaves are removed and planks or stumps are placed under the zucchini so that they do not rot on the soil.
Pumpkin in August should also be watered, but feeding is no longer needed. The ends of the lashes with flowers and small ovaries should be cut off so that the existing pumpkins grow and are recruited with useful substances.
Sowing of greenery is possible, which quickly rises under film shelters. It will delight lovers of garden planting in the first autumn month and is suitable not only for preparing fresh salads, but also as a seasoning for preparations.
The beds, free from plantings, are sown with siderates, these include oats, mustard and little-known phacelia, which blooms with lush lilac ears, therefore, it looks like lavender and is an excellent honey plant.
After harvesting currants, gooseberries, raspberries, berry bushes are watered, weeded and also fertilized. You need to cut off dry shoots and remove yellowed leaves. Then spraying is carried out against pests and fungal pathogens, which often develop precisely by the onset of the autumn period.
Supports are placed under the bent branches of apple trees, pears and plums. Because in August they can be overloaded with fruits, which ripen in the second half of the month.
In August, it is time to harvest sea buckthorn, now its berries are not too soft and are ideal for cooking jam or adding to compotes and other sweet preparations.
The strawberry whiskers are transplanted to the prepared fertile beds, thus rejuvenating the existing plantings. Under the old bushes, the soil is loosened, part of the foliage is removed, and complex mineral fertilizers are applied. They will provide more comfortable cold tolerance and a bountiful harvest in the future.
Before flowering, dahlias, gladioli, climbing roses, chrysanthemums are fed, peonies and lilies are planted. You can start breeding by dividing bushes, such perennials as astilbe, phlox, aquilegia.
Garlic is harvested, preparing for digging potatoes, stage-by-stage harvesting of zucchini, cauliflower.
Cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers are actively canned, salads and compotes are harvested for the winter. They also boil apple and pear jams, and also dry these fruits for long-term storage.
Many medicinal herbs, wild rose and hawthorn, which ripen closer to September, are collected for drying.
Therefore, August is filled not only with work on the soil, but also with the collection of the grown crop and its preparation. And every gardener and gardener can rejoice at the result achieved by his own efforts and experience of summer cottage farming.
Country house construction and improvement
To make your summer cottage enjoyable, it is very important to arrange the site to your liking. Not just "as in the picture", but taking into account the interests and convenience of all family members. Including pets, by the way)) Our selection of ideas will surely awaken inspiration and a thirst for creativity in you (I hope you will share the results later))
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The most important gardening work in October
Though it got colder, and outside the window it rains and winds, but the autumn garden is still good - colorful asters and chrysanthemums, scarlet "black fruit", fiery marigolds and delicate octobrines replace the sun in the backyard. And the weather clears up a little, throwing on a jacket, the gardener arms himself with a pruner, then a shovel - there are still a lot of things to do in October.
Before the snow, it is necessary to prepare the site for wintering.
Planting trees and shrubs
The best time to plant deciduous trees and shrubs with open roots is from late September to 15 October. Planting is best done in pits prepared in advance and filled with fertile soil and fertilizers (preferably in 2-3 weeks), since by the time of planting the soil has time to settle, and the fertilizers mix and dissolve.
Good survival of seedlings will be ensured by the use of root or heteroauxin when planting. To protect new plantings from freezing (in case of unexpected severe frosts), it is advisable to mulch the trunk circles after abundant watering with peat chips or bark.
If the second half of September is the time of planting small-bulbous, then October is tulips. According to a pre-developed planting plan, they begin to lay out the bulbs in flower beds, and then to plant them. It is better to plant with a scoop or a special planter to a depth of about 10 cm.
There are a number of plants that do not tolerate spring pruning well (eg maple, birch, actinidia). It is better to cut them off in early October, since by this time the plants have finished sap flow, they are preparing for winter, and before the onset of stable frosts there will still be time for wound healing. After falling leaves, you can cut currants, gooseberries, raspberries. At this time, they begin to rejuvenate the raspberry bushes, removing the fruiting stems.
Autumn digging of tree trunk circles
The best time to complete this work is the beginning of yellowing of the leaves, that is, before the active growth of roots in the fall. The depth of digging under the trees is 8-10-20 cm (to the level of occurrence of the suction roots, which is determined by the control excavation according to the crown projection), and under the bushes - 5-8 cm. Digging the soil reduces the number of pests that winter in the soil. Once on the surface, they die from frost.
As a rule, the digging of near-trunk circles is combined with the application of fertilizers. Most often this is done in September and early October. Fertilization rates depend on the type of soil, culture, age and condition of the plantings. Organic fertilizers are applied at the rate of 4-8 kg of humus or compost per 1 sq. square meter. Phosphorus and potassium fertilizers are also applied: 30-40 g of superphosphate and 15-20 g of potassium nitrate or potassium salt.
On acidic soils, lime 150-300 g per sq. meter or wood ash - 300-500 g per sq. meter.
In autumn, the root system begins to grow intensively in trees and shrubs, and good watering is required for normal root growth. It is usually held in the second decade of October, taking into account, undoubtedly, weather conditions, as well as the proximity of groundwater.
However, when choosing the timing of watering, you need to consider the following. If October is warm, then it is necessary to shift these dates to a later one, since a large amount of moisture, combined with good, warm weather, can have the opposite effect - the buds will begin to bloom, the secondary growth of young shoots will begin and the winter hardiness of the plant will sharply decrease.
Watering is especially important if there was a dry summer and early fall. Abundant watering is carried out to a depth of 50-60 cm, when the average daily temperature drops + 5 - + 2 C. It is called podzimnim. Podwinter watering is of great importance, since a large amount of moisture in the soil does not allow it to freeze quickly, thereby improving wintering conditions for plants, minimizing deformation of the root system and providing a sufficient amount of moisture in spring.
Autumn spraying of plants
- if there were fungal diseases on the trees and bushes, as well as for their prevention, then it is good to sprinkle them with a 6-8% solution of ferrous sulfate
- spraying branches, trunks and soil under trees and bushes with a 1% solution of copper sulfate will also help against fungal diseases
- if there was scab on the fruit trees, then they are sprayed after harvesting the fruits, but before leaf fall with a 4% urea solution.
Collection of fallen leaves
Fallen leaves must be removed from the lawn and from the orchard. Leaves should not be left on the lawn, as the grass under the foliage begins to deteriorate with the onset of autumn rains. If the foliage is healthy, then it can be composted, and if there are signs of fungal diseases, then it is better to burn such leaves. In the orchard, they must destroy the carrion, since it is a source of infections on the site.
As a rule, the last mowing of the lawn is carried out on October 15-20, depending on the weather, the mowing height should be 1-3 centimeters higher than usual. You should not let the grass unmown in the winter, because during the winter dead plant parts will cause the appearance of rot, mold and other fungal diseases.
However, it is not recommended to mow the grass just before frost so as not to weaken it. After mowing, it is necessary to comb the lawn, thus removing the dead felt, which interferes with the vegetation of plants in winter.
Garden decor ideas in October
- A bright pumpkin will be especially noticeable on a garden bench under an empty tree.
- Large stones and boulders are mysterious in early spring and late autumn. The trimmed grass around will only emphasize their monumentality.
- In a garden gazebo: throw a handful of bright beads or pebbles on a flat plate, put a couple of apples nearby - a simple still life will cheer you up on a cloudy day.